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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
The Effects of M&L Trauma Psychotherapy on Impact of Events, Affection, and Quality of Life among Female Vicims of Family Violence
Sue, Joo-Hee ; Kim, Jung-suk ; Ko, Kyung-sook ; Oh, Jung-lan ; Ko, In-sung ; Kang, Hyung-won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.079
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the M&L Trauma Psychotherapy Program on: Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R-K); Euro QOL-5 Dimension (EQ5D); Five-facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ); and psychological tests. Methods: Eight middle-aged women subjected to domestic violence participated in the two-day M&L Trauma Psychotherapy Program. The Program was executed 5 times 2 days for about 3 hours. We evaluated IES-R-K, EQ5D, FFMQ, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), State-Trait Anger Expression inventory (STAXI) and SUDS before the Program and for four weeks afterwards, to analyze the effects of the M&L Trauma Psychotherapy Program. Results: The scores of IES-R-K, BDI, STAI-S, STAI-T, Hwa ST and Hwa CT decreased significantly (p<0.05). EQ5D scores increased significantly (p<0.05) and overall physical condition scale (VAS) increased. In the FFMQ scores, all five facet scores increased slightly. Scores of SUDS decreased significantly right after the program, and remained decreased four weeks later, rather than before the Program (p<0.05). Conclusions: The results suggested that the M&L Trauma Psychotherapy Program improved post-traumatic stress, quality of life and mindfulness skills, and had positive responses to psychological problems - depression, anxiety, anger and distress.
Research of Change of Heart Rate Variability by Psychological Types before and after Meditation Program (α Version)
Kim, Geun-Woo ; Bae, Hyo-Sang ; Kim, Ji-Hwan ; Kim, Byoung-Soo ; Lee, Pil-Won ; Park, Seong-Sik ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 89~102
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.089
Objectives: To examine the medical effectiveness of meditation programs (
version) by psychological types. Methods: MBTI, which was created by Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers, was used as the Psychological Type test and to investigate psychological temperament and functions and psychological preferences. Heart rate variability was used to test the effectiveness of meditation by investigating time domains (mean HR, SDNN, PSI) and frequence domain parameters (TP, LF, HF, LF or HF norm, Ln (TP or VLF or LF or HF). Results: 1. The autonomic nervous system became active, and both time domains and frequency domains showed positive responses to meditation in heart rate variability tests, without distinction of Psychological Types. 2. In Psychological Types using sensing over intuition for perception, there were positive responses as well as an increase of the parasympathetic nervous system`s activeness to meditation for heart rate variability tests, depending on psychological temperaments and psychological functions. 3. In heart rate variability tests by preferences, there was no difference. Extroversion and Introversion types, Sensing over Intuition Types, Thinking over Feeling Types, Judging over Perception Types had an increase of activeness of the parasympathetic nervous system. Therefore, meditation has a positive physical and psychological relaxing effect. Conclusions: A complex meditation program has a positive effect on overall meditation. Especially in the MBTI test, sensing was superior to intuition when people recognized objects. The Sensing, Thinking and Judging type was more advantageous than Intuition, Feeling and Perception, respectively. In the future, a well-designed control study is needed, to develop a suitable meditation for each personality type.
Study on Stress and Burnout in Medical Education at the School of Korean Medicine
Kim, Sung Hye ; Han, Seung Yoon ; Kim, Jong Dae ; Choi, Sumi ; Lee, Soo Jin ; Lim, Jung Hwa ; Chae, Han ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 103~116
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.103
Objectives: Medical students suffer from mental health and academic problems due to academic stress. We investigated academic stress and exhaustion along with psychological issues caused by medical education during the years in the School of Korean Medicine. Methods: Two hundred fifty-one university students from the School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, were asked to complete the Medical Stress Scale (MSS), Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS), Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) three times during each semester for two years from 2013 onwards. We analyzed the influence of school term and vacation on educational stress and negative affect with the T-test. The Pearson`s correlation analysis and regression analysis were used to predict changes during the first semester or first years of study in the School of Korean Medicine. Results: Academic stress and burnout increased steadily until the first semester of third grade, which was measured with MSS and MBI-SS. The anxiety level was highest when the students started the first grade and it decreased significantly after the first semester. Negative affect repeatedly increased significantly after each school term; however, it reduced after each vacation. In the first grade, 19.5% of the last measure of MSS can be explained with the first measure of MSS. Discussion: This study extensively reviewed the trends and characteristics of four years of academic stress and its related psychological influence, and discussed its importance for developing a more efficient academic curriculum for traditional Korean Medicine.
Effect of Banhahoobak-tang (Banxiahoupo-tang) Extract (BHTe) on Psychological Stress
Choi, Geum-Ae ; Cho, Su-In ; Kim, Kyeong-Su ; Choi, Chang-Won ; Wei, Tung-Shuen ; Yang, Seung-Joung ; Park, Soo-Yeon ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 117~130
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.117
Objectives: Banhahoobak-tang has been used to treat plum-pit qi, chest and hypochondriac distension, moist or greasy tongue coat, and wiry slow or wiry slippery pulse. It might be used to control coughing and vomiting. We observed that Banhahoobak-tang extract (BHTe) had anti-psychological stress effect. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of BHTe on restoring the transcriptional regulation of genes related to psychological stress. Methods: After giving psychological stress to mice, BHTe was orally administered at 100 mg/kg/day for five days. After extracting whole brain tissue from the mice, the gene expression changes were determined by microarray. Transcription factor binding site (TFBS) analysis showed up- and down-regulated genes related to psychological stress were protected by BHTe and segregated according to the structure of TFBS. We performed text based Pubmed search to select significant target genes involved in psychological stress affected by BHTe. Results: 1. Serum corticosterone level was decreased in the BHTe administered group, although the psychological stress was increased. 2. The BHTe administered group had no significant change in noradrenaline content in brain tissue, but the psychological stress group had decreased level. 3. The BHTe administered group had increased time of staying at open-arm than the psychological stress group. 4. Microarray revealed that TANK and RARA genes were up-regulated genes while AES, CDC42, FOS, NCL, and PVR were down-regulated genes by psychological stress but restored by BHTe.
A Study on Personality Traits and Cognitive Characteristics of the Sasang Constitution using Neuropsychological and Personality Tests
Kang, Munsu ; Yu, Gyung ; Kim, Lakhyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 131~142
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.131
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the personality traits and cognitive characteristics of the Sasang constitution by comparing the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and Stroop Test. Methods: One hundred and six healthy subjects (age 20 to 40) were analyzed; 45 Taeeumin, 30 Soyangin and 31 Soeumin. The Sasang constitution was diagnosed by a sasang constitutional medicine specialist based on the results of a Two Step Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Diagnosis (TS-QSCD), the external appearance, temperament and symptoms. The results of the EPQ, TCI, CPT and Stroop Test were compared between Sasang constitutions. Results: Among the seven dimensions of EPQ, Taeeumin and Soyangin scored significantly higher than Soeumin in Extraversion. Soyangin scored significantly higher than Soeumin in Impulsiveness. Among the four temperament dimensions of TCI, Taeeumin and Soyangin scored significantly higher than Soeumin in novelty seeking, reward dependence and persistence. Soeumin scored significantly higher than Taeeumin and Soyangin in harm avoidance. Among the three character dimensions of TCI, Soyangin scored significantly higher than Taeeumin in self transcendence. The results for CPT showed no significant differences between sasang constitutions. Taeeumin had a significantly higher color score in the stroop test than Soeumin. Conclusions: The personality tests showed significant differences between Sasang constitutions, but the neuropsychological test did not show any differences. Further studies should be performed to identify neuropsychological differences between Sasang constitutions.
A Study on the Development of the Core Emotional Assessment Questionnaire (CEAQ) Based on the Seven Emotions (七情)
Lee, Go-Eun ; Park, Bo-Young ; Moon, Kwang-su ; You, Jae-Min ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 143~160
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.143
Objectives: The study purpose was to test the validity and reliability of the core emotional assessment questionnaire based on the seven emotions. Methods: Survey data were from 651 individuals and contained 141 items determined from a previous pilot study. Among the participants, 241 were retested. First, following analysis of the internal consistency reliability of the 141 items, we deleted items with Cronbach-
coefficient below 0.5. We then selected 100 final items after the first factor analysis. Second, the final 100 items were evaluated by internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, factor analysis, and correlational analysis. Results: Cronbach-
coefficient for the final 100 items were 0.866~0.956 and the test-retest reliability were above 0.70. The 100 items categorized into 7 factors explained 53.8% of the total variance. Analyzing the correlation of each chiljeong, we had a high positive correlation above 0.70 between sa and bi, bi and u, gong and kyeong. Conclusions: The final 100 items used for the core emotional assessment questionnaire based on the seven emotions showed satisfactory reliability and validity. Thus, it may be an appropriate instrument for measuring Chiljeong in the general population.
A Review Study on the Treatment of Panic Disorder in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Lee, Seung-Hwan ; Seong, Woo-Yong ; Lim, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 161~170
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.161
Objectives: This study was performed to review the research trends in the treatment of panic disorder in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods: We searched articles in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from 2004 to 2014. Search key words were `惊恐` and `panic disorder`, and we selected eight studies except for non-clinical, unrelated studies, tests on animals. Results: We finally selected eight articles, and the results were as follows. CCMD-3 was most frequently used as a diagnostic criterion and HAMA was mostly used for outcome measurement. In TCM there are various ways, such as herbal medicine, acupuncture and psychotherapy, to treat panic disorder. Most of the studies showed effective results. Most of the treatment group reported that they had less side effects than the control group. However, the quality of these clinical studies was low. Conclusions: In TCM, research on panic disorder was being conducted more actively than in Korean medicine. According to this study, it seems that in TCM, the treatment of panic disorder might be more effective and have some advantages. Therefore, with this study, we hope to activate more clinical research on the treatment of panic disorder in Korean medicine.
A Study on The Oriental-medical Understanding of Suicide - Within Donguibogam Book -
Lee, Ru-Da ; Ko, In-Sung ; Lee, Sang-Won ; Hwang, Seon-Hye ; Park, Se-Jin ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 171~180
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.171
Donguibogam`s views on human life provide us with insight into suicide prevention by perceiving life as priceless. In addition to the approaches of modern medicine, we can employ `mentally and physically integrative treatment` and `prevention-based treatment` from Korean medicine as a therapeutic point of view. We can also employ `I-Jeong-Byeon-Gi Therapy` and `Oh-Ji-Sang-Seung Therapy` as therapeutic methods. In this paper, we consider these approaches and clinical adaptations for suicide prevention from the perspectives of Korean medicine.
Study on Validity and Reliability of Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) for Measuring Mindfulness Meditation Program Before and After
Choi, Sung-Youl ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 181~190
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.181
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the Validity and Reliability of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), using mindfulness meditation performed before and after. Methods: The study was conducted with 87 students at the university of Korean medicine who provided informed consent. The demographic characteristics and FFMQ were analyzed with regard to their validity and reliability on the effect of mindfulness using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, IBM, United States of America) 21.0 Version. Results: 1. The reliability and factor analysis of FFMQ : The five sub-factors of mindfulness showed strong internal consistency (Cronbach`s
>.70). 2. Correlation analysis of the sub-factors in pre-FFMQ showed a positive correlation between Nonreactivity and Awareness, Nonreactivity and Scribing, Nonreactivity and Nonjudging, Nonreactivity and Total score, Observing and Scribing, Observing and Total score, Awareness and Nonjudging, Awareness and Total score. 3. Correlation analysis of the sub-factor in post-FFMQ showed a positive correlation between Scribing and Nonreactivity, Scribing and Observing, Scribing and Awareness, Awareness and Nonjudging. In contrast, Observing had a negative correlation with Nonjudging. Conclusions: The results of the study reconfirmed that FFMQ was useful as a reliable and valid tool for measuring mindfulness meditation.
A Study on Emotional Characteristics with the Core Assessment Instrument Based on Chiljeong in Insomnia Patients
Choi, Sung-Youl ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 191~200
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.2.191
Objectives: We performed this study to certify the objectivity and significance of the Core Assessment Instrument Based on Chiljeong as a diagnostic measure in insomnia patients. Methods: We collected self-report questionnaires from inpatient and outpatient targets that had symptoms of insomnia. Descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, One-way repeated measure ANOVA and Pearson Correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results: Bi and Kyeong emotion scores were higher but the Hui emotion score was lower for insomnia patients. Regarding the relationship between ISI score and the Core Assessment Instrument Based on Chiljeong, the more severe the insomnia, the higher the Sa and Kyeong emotion scores were, whereas the Hui emotion score was lower. Patients that were male, married, old, and had higher education showed a stronger correlation between Gyeong and ISI scores. Conclusions: Using the Core Assessment Instrument Based on Chiljeong for insomnia is thought to be helpful in both the diagnostic and clinical aspects of insomnia.