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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Functions of the Five Spirits Based on the Characteristics of Five Phases
Park, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 201~210
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.201
This study aims to investigate the specific functions of the five spirits based on the characteristics of five phases. In Korean medicine, the mind is classified into five spirits and seven emotions. The spirits (hon, sin, ui, baek, ji) are a way of analyzing of people's mental structures, and they are affected by each other, influencing life activities both directly and indirectly. They are also related to the five viscera and come into their own functions through the characteristics of the five phases that are assigned to the viscera. Sin is the main agent of mental activity that is normal, correct, and perfect, and it directs the other four. Hon is activity that is exposed to the outside from mental and physical aspects such as planning, creative thinking, creating, judgment, speech, and emotional expression. Baek is internal activity, such as obtaining information, learning, seeing, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Ui is meant to decide between new and already saved information based on comparative analysis. Ji is the activity of making the final decision and saving it in ui. Based on the above, we suppose that the five spirits' functions match the characteristics of the five phases.
A Study on Korean Medicine College Students' Perception of Korean Medicine Doctors: Focus on Gender Differences
Jeong, Ha-Ryong ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 211~224
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.211
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate gender differences in the Korean Medical Community. Methods: Participants in the research study included 90 students regularly attending the fourth grade in Korean Medicine College, of which 48 were male and 42 were female. Results: 1. Patient's preferences for female KMD (Korean Medicine Doctor) had the lowest response rate in Korean Medical Society. Preferences for male KMD were due to factors including comfort level, rationality, good training, and patient's preference. 2. Patient's preferences for female KMD had the highest response rate in Gynecology, and Pediatrics. On the other hand, patient's preferences for female KMD had the lowest response rate in the other 7 specialty subjects. 3. The reasons for gender discrimination against male KMD were lack of subtlety, lack of empathy, authoritative attitude, and lack of patient management skills. The reasons for gender discrimination, against female KMD were childcare burden, social prejudices, lack of physical strength, and housekeeping burdens. Conclusions: The study results indicated that there was a lower preference for female KMD than male KMD among the Korean Medical Society and in patients' consciousness. Male-centered culture of Korean Medical Society had no role in this finding, but masculine image for KMD jobs and work-family double burden for female KMD were important contributing factors.
Oriental Medical Treatment Pattern of Korean Patients with Dizziness or Vertigo
Kim, Jae-Yeong ; Jeong, Seon-Yeong ; Park, Sam-Min ; Hwang, Dong-Gyu ; Kho, Young Tak ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 225~234
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.225
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the use of Korean medicine in patients with dizziness or vertigo, since such study has not been performed previously. Methods: In the current study, we included 3 diagnoses i.e., Disorders of vestibular function (H81), Vertiginous syndromes in diseases classified elsewhere (H82), and Dizziness and giddiness (R42) from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRAS) database for 4 years. We analyzed the database and compared treatment with Korean vs. Western medicine. Results: 1. Korean medical visits and cost have been increasing for 4 years, except 2011. Western medical visits are 11.9 times higher than Korean medical visits. 2. The number of women who received Korean medicine was 2.6 times higher than that of men. 3. Among all ages, the 70~79 years group were the most frequent users of Korean medicine. The older age was correlated with more patients' visits. 4. The comparative number of visits by patient care type for 4 years indicated that outpatients had more visits than hospitalization. Furthermore, outpatient visits have been increasing for 4 years. 5. The comparative number of visits by hospital type for 4 years indicated that visits to the Korean medical clinic were the highest. In primary care, patients used more Korean medicine than Western medicine. In tertiary care, patients used more Western medicine than Korean medicine. 6. Korean medical cost per patient by patient care type for 4 years was a total 89,000 won, hospitalization 449,000 won and outpatient 83,000 won. Costs of all patient care types have been increasing. 7. Korean medical cost per patient by hospital type for 4 years was 156,000 won for Korean medical hospital, 83,000 won for local clinic and 127,000 won for miscellaneous facilities. Costs of all types have been increasing. Conclusions: This study provided objective information about epidemiologic characteristics of Korean medicine in patients with dizziness or vertigo. Furthermore, it provides an understanding of the recent status and forms the basis for further expansion of demand for Korean medicine among patients with dizziness or vertigo.
A Characteristic Study of Panic Disorder Patients Based on The Core Emotional Assessmental Questionnaire (CEAQ)
You, So-Jung ; Park, Jong-Min ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 235~250
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.235
Objectives: The purpose was to conduct a characteristic study on panic disorder patients through The Core Emotional Assessmental Questionnaire (CEAQ), followed by a correlation analysis with STAI, STAXI and BDI. Methods: We analyzed medical records of 62 patients who had visited
University hospital, oriental neuropsychiatric department and completed the The Core Emotional Assessmental Questionnaire (CEAQ), STAI, STAXI, and BDI. Finally, 20 patients who were diagnosed as Panic Disorder according to DSM-V (2013) were included in the study. Patient data was analyzed by Chi-Square test, frequency analysis, independent t-test, one-sample t-test, and correlation analysis using the SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social S 21.0 Version). Results: 1. Panic disorder patients experienced less Hui, and more Sa (思), Gong (恐), Kyeong (驚), and Bi (悲). 2. Female Panic disorder patients experienced more Hui (喜), as compared to male patients; whereas, male patients experienced more No (怒). 3. U (憂), Bi (悲), Sa (思), Gong (恐), and Kyeong (驚) emotions of Panic disorder patients were correlated to STAI-S, STAI-T, and BDI.
Trends of Tuina Therapy on Depression and Its Efficacy -based on CNKI-
Kwon, Chan-Young ; Choi, Eun-Ji ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Chung, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 251~266
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.251
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the research about using tuina therapy for depression and to determine its efficacy. Methods: All relevant articles were searched in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure using the terms 'tuina' and 'depression'. Results: Forty-one studies were selected, 34 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 7 prospective studies. The Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale were used most frequently as diagnostic criteria and an assessment tool, respectively. Conduction exercise therapy was used in all studies; in contrast, Zheng Xing exercise therapy was used in only 1 study of depression patients with neck vertebrae disease. In 9 RCTs that showed scores of more than 2 points on a modified Jadad scale, tuina therapy had significant antidepressant efficacy compared with conventional treatment. However, more high-quality studies are required. Conclusions: Tuina therapy has a valid therapeutic effect on depression according to studies published in China; if evidence accumulates from high-quality studies, it can be considered a non-pharmacologic treatment for depression in Korean medicine, as well.
A Clinical Report of 6 Patients with Oromandibular Tremor Diagnosed as Deficiency Syndrome
Jin, Mu-Kyoung ; Choi, Yoon-Hee ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 267~282
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.267
Objectives: Tremor is a common disorder causing abnormal movements, it is defined as, "rhythmic, involuntary movements of a part of the body against ones own volition.". The purpose of this study is to report the effects of Korean Medicine (Acupuncture and herbal-medication) for oromandibular tremor resulting from Deficiency Syndrome. Methods: We treated 6 patients suffering from oromandibular tremor who received hospital treatment in DongEui Medical Center from March to June in 2015. Results: After the treatments, oromandibular tremor decreased or disappeared. And some other accompanying symptoms were improved. Conclusions: These results suggests that Korean medical treatments (Acupuncture and herb-medication) might be effective for treating oromandibular tremor resulting from Deficiency Syndrome.
The Evaluation of Instrument for Cold-Heat & Deficiency-Excess Pattern Identification of Dementia
Heo, Eun-Jung ; Lee, Sang-won ; Jeon, Won Kyung ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 283~292
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.283
Objectives: The study aimed to test the validity and reliability of the questionnaire for cold-heat & deficiency-excess pattern identification of dementia and establish a new version of the questionnaire. Methods: Mean, standard deviation, skewness, internal consistency, correlation and t-test of the 26 items derived from previous study was analyzed in 20 dementia patients. The items with Cronbach-
coefficient below 0.7 were modified. Thus, we established a new version of the questionnaire consisting of 20 items. Results: Cronbach-
of each cold, heat, deficiency and excess questionnaire was 0.662, -0.229, 0.722 and 0.778, respectively. The correlation coefficient between cold, heat, deficiency and excess was less than 0.4 and correlation coefficient between dementia and cold, deficiency was 0.518. On t-test, the t-value of cold, deficiency and dementia was -2.196. Conclusions: The results indicated that cold-heat, deficiency-excess questionnaires showed satisfactory discriminant validity. In addition, there was correlation between dementia and cold, deficiency. Finally, we established a new version of the questionnaire for cold-heat, deficiency-excess pattern identification that consisted of 20 items.
Predictors of Clinical Efficacy of Oriental Medical Treatment in Patients with Panic Disorder
Yoo, Jong-Ho ; Heo, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Nam-Yeol ; Lee, Yu-Jin ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 293~306
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.293
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of clinical efficacy of oriental medical treatment for patients with panic disorder. Methods: We analyzed medical records of 41 patients who were diagnosed with panic disorder through DSM-IV or ICD-10 by 2 oriental medical neuro-psychiatrists. We performed frequency analysis of demographic characteristics in patients with panic disorder, and assessed the correlation between the psychological scales by Pearson correlation. Repeated measures ANOVA were used to compare the psychological scales during the treatment; and Single regression analysis was used to analyze the factors that have correlation to improvement of panic disorder by oriental medical treatment. Psychological scales used in the study were STAI-X-1/2, STAXI-S/T, BDI2, BAI, BSQ, PAS, ASI, LOT-R, SWLS, LSES and LSMS. Results: Patients' demographic characteristics indicated that there were twice more female than male patients; furthermore, there was a high ratio of patients in their 20s and 30s, with the highest percentage of onset-age in the 20s and average duration of panic disorder from 1~5 years. More than half of the total patient cohort comprised of those who had panic disorder with agoraphobia and major depressive disorder; in addition, major accompanied symptoms were dyspepsia, chest discomfort and headache. After treatment, most scores of psychological scales were significantly reduced, and correlation between the psychological scales was significant. Furthermore, we identified some factors that were significantly correlated to improvement of panic disorder by oriental medical treatment. Conclusions: In conclusion, treatment of panic disorder with oriental medicine was clinically efficient and improved the quality of life.
Clinical-Case Study on a Patient with Organic Mental Disorder after Head Trauma Caused by Traffic Accident
Seo, Sang-Il ; Kim, Nam-Yeol ; Kim, Dae-Hwan ; Koo, Byung-Su ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 307~318
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.307
Objectives: This study evaluated the effect of oriental treatments and rehabilitation on a patient with organic mental disorder after head trauma caused by traffic accident. Methods: We treated the patient with acupuncture, herb-medication, oriental psychotherapy, and rehabilitation. MMSE-K, BDI, K-MBI, FIM were evaluated before and after treatment. Results: The results indicated that MMSE-K was maintained at 27 points; BDI was reduced from 16 points to 5 points; K-MBI was increased from 75 points to 99 points; and FIM was increased from 86 points to 115 points. Furthermore, the treatment resulted in reduced mental symptoms and improved work capacity. Conclusions: Oriental medical treatment has potential validity in improving symptoms of organic mental disorder.
Sungshim-san-mediated Recovery of Cognition and Motor Function in the Severe Rat Stroke, Permanent Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Model
Lee, Kyung-Seok ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 3, 2015, Pages 319~336
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.3.319
Objectives: The object of this study was to evaluate the cognition and motor function recovery effects of Sungshim-san (SSS), a traditional Korean cardio-protective polyherbal formula in the severe rat stroke, permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) model. Methods: The experimental animals were divided into 6 groups. SSS aqueous extracts (yield=16.82%; 400, 200 and 100 mg/kg) were administered orally by using Sonde, once daily, for 28 continuous days from 24 hrs post-pMCAO. Donepezil 10 mg/kg, a representative drug for dementia, was used as a reference drug. The body weight changes, infarct/defect sizes, sensorimotor function and cognitive motor behavior were serially monitored. Limb placing and body-swing test for sensorimotor functions were conducted at 1 day before operation (base line), and 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days post-pMCAO; and water maze test for the cognitive motor behavior was conducted at 14 and 28 days post-pMCAO, respectively. Results: Focal cerebral cortex infarct and defects due to pMCAO resulted in marked decreases of body weight, disorders of sensorimotor functions and cognitive motor behaviors. However, the pMCAO-related ischemic damages were markedly and dose-dependently inhibited by treatment with SSS 400 and 200 mg/kg, respectively. Donepezil markedly decreased the body weight and gains, as compared with pMCAO control rats; however, SSS 400 and 200 mg/kg favorably ameliorated the pMCAO-induced decreases in body weight and gains. SSS 100 mg/kg treated rats did not show any favorable effects on the pMCAO-related ischemic damages, as compared with pMCAO control rats. Conclusions: The results of the study indicated that oral administration of SSS 400 and 200 mg/kg accelerated cognition and motor function recovery in the rat pMCAO model. The treatment effect was potentially mediated by neuroprotection via the known augmentation of cerebral antioxidant defense system of SSS itself or its individual herbal components. Especially, the overall effects of SSS 200 mg/kg were similar to those of donepezil 10 mg/kg, but less toxic.