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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
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Systematic Review on the Sasang Type-specific Pathophysiological Symptoms of Sleep
Lee, Han Byul ; Han, Yoo Ri ; Han, Sang Yun ; Kim, Yun Im ; Son, Kyungwoo ; Lee, Mi Suk ; Lim, Jung Hwa ; Chae, Han ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 337~348
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.4.337
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to review previous clinical studies on underlying mechanisms of sleep-related type-specific pathophysiological symptoms among the Sasang types. Methods and Procedure: We reviewed seven research databases from December 2003 to August 2015 with the keywords Sasang typology, constitution and sleep. The Sasang type-specific sleep-related symptoms were analyzed based on seven categories, including subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleep medications and daytime dysfunction. Results: Total of twelve studies were included in the analysis. The Tae-Yang type showed low subjective sleep quality, long sleep latency and frequent awakening, and the So-Yang type showed long sleep latency. The Tae-Eum type presented high subjective sleep quality, short sleep duration, frequent snore, toss and turn during the sleep, and insomnia and low frequency of dream. The So-Eum type showed long sleep latency in male and high frequency of dream. The Eum type combining Tae-Eum and So-Eum types had higher subjective sleep quality, longer sleep duration and higher frequency of dream than the Yang type combining Tae-Yang and So-Yang types.Conclusions This study reviewed type-specific sleep-related characteristics and discussed possible pathophysiological mechanisms involved. Differences in sleep characteristics among the Sasang types might stem from type-specific temperaments and require further study.
A Case Report of a Chronic Schizophrenia Treated with Combined Treatment of Korean and Western Medicine
Park, Na-Eun ; Park, Jun-Hyun ; Kim, Dae-Eok ; Seo, Young-Min ; Kim, Sang-Ho ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 349~356
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.4.349
Objectives: Schizophrenia is difficult to treat effectively and the antipsychotics used have many side effects. However, few studies have focused on the combined treatment of Korean and Western medicine as an alternative. In this study, we reported an inpatient with chronic schizophrenia who was treated by a combination of Korean and Western medicine. Methods: We experienced a case of a diagnosed schizophrenia patient as whose chief complaint was avolition, diminished emotional expression and hallucination. The patient was treated with Western medicine and Korean traditional treatment including acupuncture, moxa and herbal medicine. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were used for assessment. Results: After treatment, symptoms involving avolition, diminished emotional expression and hallucination were improved; furthermore, the scores of the BPRS and the PANSS were decreased by approximately 50%, respectively. In addition, there were no notable side effects. Conclusions: The combined treatment of Korean and Western medicine can be an effective and well-tolerated treatment modality for patients with chronic schizophrenia.
The Study on Effect of Korean Medical Treatment for Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome
Lee, Yu-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Eun ; Kim, Soo-Jin ; Yoo, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 357~364
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.4.357
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Korean medical treatment for Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Methods: We examined the effects of Korean medical treatment for patients with RLS who visited the neuropsychiatric clinic of Korean medicine. We treated the patient with herbal-medication, acupuncture, oriental psychotherapy. IRLS, STAI-X1,X2, BDI-2, BAI, STAXI-S,T were compared before and after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment to determine whether the symptoms and mood of patients were improved. Results: After 4 weeks treatment (n=13), STAI-X1,X2, BDI-2, BAI, STAXI-S scores increased significantly; whereas, IRLS and STAXI-T scores decreased. After 8 weeks treatment (n=8), IRLS, STAI-X1,X2, BDI-2, BAI scores increased significantly; whereas, STAXI-S scores decreased.Conclusions The treatment of RLS with Korean medicine was clinically efficient and resulted in improvement of the symptoms as well as psychological problems.
A Comparative Study of Communication Type and Stress Coping Style between Hwabyung Patients Group and Non-Hwabyung Patients Group
Choi, Yoon-Hee ; Jin, Mu-Kyoung ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 365~382
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.4.365
Objectives: Interpersonal stress is a major cause and aggravating factor of Hwabyung. The purpose of this study was to compare communication type and stress coping style between the Hwabyung patients group and non-Hwabyung patients group. Methods: The total number of study participants was 101. Based on the Hwabyung symptom scale, the study participants were divided into Hwabyung patients group (30 patients) and non-Hwabyung patients group (43 patients; control group), and the others were excluded from the study . All included patients were administered the Virginia Satir’s communication type questionnaire and stress coping scale based on Folkman & Lazarus’s theory. The independent t-test was used to determine the statistical significance between the features of communication types and stress coping styles in each group. In addition, Spearman correlation analysis was used to identify the relationship between communication types and stress coping styles. Results and Conclusions: 1. Communication types differed significantly between the Hwabyung patients group and non-Hwabyung patients group. 2. Hwabyung patients scored significantly higher in each dysfunctional communication type than functional communication type. Scores of placating stance and super-reasonable stance, which were subtypes of dysfunctional communication type, were high in the Hwabyung patients group. The non-Hwabyung patients group scored the highest in Congruent stance, classified as functional communication type. 3. Stress coping style was not significantly different between the two groups.
Herbal Medicine for Tension-type Headache: Systematic Review and Meta Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Choi, Eun-Ji ; Kwon, Chan-Young ; Han, Kyung-Hun ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Chung, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 383~406
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.4.383
Objectives: People with tension-type headache generally take pain relievers, but long term dependency causes problems as well as side effects. The present study aimed to provide clinical evidence of herbal medicine for tension-type headache by systematic review of randomized controlled trials on the effect of herbal medicine for tension-type headache. Methods: Randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials that verified effects of herbal medicine intervention on patients with tension-type headache were included in the study. A literature search of English, Japanese, Chinese, Korean databases was performed. The selected literature were assessed by Jadad scale and Risk of Bias. Results: Herein, 40 reports were selected from a total of 157. Meta-analyses of 2 trials indicated that the effective rate was significantly higher in the herbal medicine treatment group, as compared to the placebo control (risk ratio: 1.49, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23 to 1.80, p<0.0001, I
=0%). Four trials that compared herbal medicine with routine care with routine care only group showed a significantly higher effective rate of benefits for herbal medicine with routine care, as compared to routine care only (RR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.18 to 2.10, p=0.002, I
=0%). Conclusions: The effective rate was significantly higher than control and adverse events were less in the treatment group. Pattern analysis (辨證) indicated that the studies on wind-fire pattern (風火證) were highest. Yougeun-bang (柔筋方) in prescription and Paeoniae Radix Alba (白芍藥) in medicinal herbs were most used. This finding could be widely utilized in future clinical practice and form the basis for the development of clinical practice guidelines in advance.
Reliability and Validity Analysis of the Instrument on Pattern Identifications for Depression
Lee, Hun-Soo ; Kang, Wee-Chang ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 407~416
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2015.26.4.407
Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the instrument on pattern identifications for depression. Methods: Two assessors carried out an evaluation about the instrument on pattern identifications for depression, targeting 201 participants, who after taking the HAM-D score over 12 or under 7 twice. Results: Inter-assessor reliability was higher than intra-assessor reliability in a reliability analysis about classification of pattern identification evaluated by the instrument on pattern identifications for depression. Reliability of intra-assessor and inter-assessor showed a moderate to strong agreement when reliability analysis about classification score of the pattern identification had been performed. Reliability analysis to evaluate the validity of the instrument on pattern identifications for depression showed moderate agreement. Conclusions: The results reveal that reliability analysis of the instrument on pattern identifications for depression showed an over moderate agreement and validity analysis represented a positive correlation.