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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of dental hygiene science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior among the Elderly
Lee, Yeun-Kyoung ; Han, Hwa-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 189~195
The subjects in this study were 281 elderly people in some regions. After they were respectively interviewed, the following findings were given: The group of elderly people who brushed their teeth three times or more and who did toothbrushing in an arbitrary way were more concerned about oral health, and the gap between them and the others (p<.05). The group who paid a regular visit to dental clinics had more interest in oral health than the other (p<.01). The group who brushed their teeth in an arbitrary way had more remaining teeth, and the gap between them and the others(p<.05). The group who did toothbrushing for about two minutes had more remaining teeth, and more edentulous jaws were found in the group who brushed their teeth once (p<.01). The group who did toothbrushing three times or more scored higher in oral health knowledge, and the gap between them and the others(p<.01). And the group who paid a regular visit to dental clinics scored higher in oral health knowledge, and the gap between them and the other (p<.01). In the future, the development of a wide variety of oral health programs and prolonged oral health education are both required. Diverse oral health programs and education are expected to stir up elderly people's interest in oral health, to improve their oral health knowledge and to give a positive change to their oral health behavior.
Oral Health and Self-Rated Health among the Elderly in Busan
Yoon, Hyun-Seo ; Chun, Jin-Ho ; Lee, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 197~207
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the oral health status and health care of elderly people on their self-rated health(SRH). The subjects on this study were 479 senior citizens who were at the age of 65 and up and resided in the city of Busan. They got a dental checkup, and a survey was conducted by having an one-on-one interview. After the collected data were analyzed, the following findings were given: The senior citizens were diagnosed with a mean of 1.43 systemic diseases, and hypertension(51.8%) was the most prevalent disease among them, followed by diabetes(25.1%), arthritis(41.8%), oral diseases(75.6%), stroke(9.0%) and heart diseases(15.9%). Their self-rated health was better when they were male, when they were aged between 65 and 69, when there was someone with whom they lived, when they were better educated and when they owned their own houses. But their self-rated health was poorer when they felt more oral symptoms, when they had more missing teeth and when they needed both of maxillary and mandibular dentures. Their self-rated health was more positively affected when they were better educated(
=0.894), when they owned their own houses(
=4.220), when they got a dental checkup on a regular basis(
=2.997) and when the rate of their functional tooth was larger(
=0.081). And that was more negatively influenced when they had a denture(
=-1.110), when they had more oral symptoms(
=-1.590) and when they had more systemic diseases(
=3.363). There is a close relationship between the oral health and self-rated health of elderly people. Therefore how to promote their oral health should carefully be considered.
Effect of Brazilin from Caesalpinia sappan L. on the Growth of Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175
Kwon, Hyun-Jung ; Han, Man-Deuk ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 209~215
Somok, the heart wood of Caesalpinia sappan is used in traditional Chinese medicine. This study was performed to investigate the effect of growth and culture conditions of brazilin from C. sappan against S. mutans ATCC 25175. The bacteria were cultured in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth, and then incubated under 5%
for 18-24 hours. The effect of brazilin against S. mutans was confirmed under the changes of the culture conditions, such as growth curve and the change of pH, protein, and total carbohydrate. The growth of S. mutans in control medium was the highest at 24 hr, while brazilin-added medium (0.3 mg/ml) showed maximum growth at 32 hr. The pH values of the control medium was 5.25 at 16 hr, but the media supplemented with brazilin (0.3 mg/ml) was 7.0 at 16 hr. The amounts of total carbohydrate of the control medium was 11 mg/ml at 8 hr, but the brazilin-added media (0.3 mg/ml) was 18 mg/ml at 8 hr. In the protein change of the culture medium, the control culture broth and the brazilin supplemented-cultures was 2.4 mg/ml and 2.54 mg/ml at 24 hr, respectively. Polysaccharide contents of the control medium and test media were 3 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml at 8 hr, respectively. Thus, the application of C. sappan can be considered a useful and practical material for the prevention of dental caries.
A Study on Employment Stress and Self-esteem of Health College Students
Shin, Seon-Haeng ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 217~225
The purpose of this study is to measure the relation of employment stress and self-esteem in some health college students and to consider a proper means for the solution. The population of the research is some randomly chosen health college students located in Seoul City during the period from May 10 to June 11 2010, and the sample of 295 students were recruited as the analysis object group. The data on general characteristics and employment stress were collected by a questionnaire survey. The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. The following shows the results of this study. 1. Employment stress was low in high group of satisfaction in campus life. It was statistically significant(p<0.001). 2. Mean scores of total self-esteem in study population were 3.1 and positive self-esteem level(3.76) were higher than negative ones (2.44)(p<0.001). 3. The relation between employment stress and selfesteem(r=0.132) revealed significant correlation. 4. In regression analysis, home economy, competence for a schoolwork, satisfaction in campus life, self-esteem(p<0.001) were proved as significant factors that is related to the employment stress. In other words, It is significant statistically that the lower home economy, competence for a schoolwork, satisfaction in campus life, self-esteem, the higher employment stress level. I suggest with the result of the study that for coping effectively employment stress of health college students, we will need to open an educational development considering self-esteem and an exclusive employment counsel window for better administrationwelfare service in campus, to expand industry-academic cooperation in community. Because of students are independent responsibility of employment, active effort must take precedence in order for the solution of problem by themselves. Also, we will need to create better academic environment and show more concern, consideration, love in family.
A Study on the Relationship of Oral Health Beliefs to Oral Health Practices of Male High School Students in Part Areas
Song, Ji-Yeon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 227~233
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the oral health beliefs of male high school students to their oral health Practices and behavior of male high school students to promote their oral health beliefs and oral health. The subjects in this study were the boys 1, 2 grade who were selected by convenience sampling from three different high schools located in North Jeolla Province. A self-administered survey was conducted from May 20 to June 20, 2010. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS 12.0. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. Regarding oral health beliefs, the most common oral health belief among the students was to consider it necessary to receive dental treatment as early as possible in case of having any dental disease(4.44), and the least dominant oral health belief was to spend a lot of time talking with others about dental treatment(2.73). 2. As a result of analyzing their oral health beliefs according to general characteristics, religion and experiences of visiting dental clinics made statistically significant differences to oral health beliefs(p<0.05). The students who were in the upper grades outdid their counterparts in oral health practices(p<0.01), and those who were religious excelled the others who weren't in that aspect(p<0.001). 3. As for the links between oral health beliefs and oral health practices, the students scored highest in toothbrushing(3.65), and the students whose oral health beliefs were better were statistically significant different from the others whose oral health beliefs were worse in all the toothbrushing, use of oral hygiene supplies, regular dental clinic visit, dietary control and education/interest(p<0.05, p<0.001).
Subjective Awareness and the Quality of Life Related to Oral Health in Industrial Workers
Park, Ji-Hyun ; Yoon, Hyun-Seo ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 235~243
The purpose of this study was to examine the oral symptoms, self-rated systemic health state and oral health status of industrial workers in a bid to provide some information on oral health education geared toward industrial workers. The subjects in this study were 294 workers who got a medical checkup in Korea Industrial Health Association in North Gyeongsang Province. Those who felt less inconveniences in the oral cavity led a better quality of life related to oral health in every area except physical handicaps (p<.001, p<.01). The men's OHIP-14 was higher than the women's, and the younger workers led a better quality of life related to oral health in the area of social separation(p<.01), and the married ones did in the area of physical handicaps, mental disorder and social separation(p<.05). And the workers whose household income was larger lived a better quality of life related to oral health in the areas of Psychological discomfort, physical handicaps, mental disorder, social disorder and social separation(p<.05). Those who found themselves to be generally in good health(p<.001, p<.05) and whose subjective oral health state was led a better quality of life in every area(p<.001, p<.05). The findings of the study showed that there were differences in the quality of life according to awareness of oral symptoms, general health status and oral health state.
Effects of Metabolic Syndrome on Periodontal diseases in Korean Adults
Jung, Jung-Ock ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 245~252
This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between metabolic syndrome and periodontal in the adult Korean population on the basis of the 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(NHANES) data. Of 19-year-old or older adult patients suffering from their disease diagnosed as metabolic syndrome, 1,315 subjects whose community periodontal index(CPI) information was fully available were finally analyzed, and the following conclusions were drawn. 1. It was found that of sociodemographic characteristics, age and educational background correlated to the prevalence of periodontal diseases. With increasing age and poorer educational background, the rates of periodontal diseases increased(p<0.001). 2. It was revealed that of general health behaviors, smoking, alcohol drinking and BMI correlated with the prevalence of periodontal diseases. Higher rates of periodontal diseases were shown in the group of patients who were current smokers(p<0.05), had the higher frequency of drinking per week(p<0.001), and had higher BMI(p<0.005). 3. It was ascertained that of oral health behaviors, the history of oral health examination in the previous year, the use of proxabrush or dental floss, and perceived(i.e., subjective) oral health status correlated to the prevalence of periodontal diseases. The higher rates of periodontal diseases were seen in those who had no history of oral health examination in the previous year(p<0.001), had used neither proxabrush nor dental floss(p<0.05), and perceived that their own oral health was poor(p<0.001).
The Relationship between Dental Amalgam Fillings and Urinary Mercury Concentration among Elementary School Children in a Metropolitan Area
Jung, Yun-Sook ; Sakong, Joon ; An, Seo-Young ; Lee, Young-Eun ; Song, Keun-Bae ; Choi, Youn-Hee ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 253~258
Dental amalgam is an alloy composed of a mixture of approximately equal parts of elemental liquid mercury and an alloy powder. Amalgam has been the most popular and effective restorative material used in dentistry. Despite the long history and popularity of dental amalgam as a restorative material, there have been periodic concerns regarding the potential adverse health effects arising from exposure to mercury in amalgam. Since children are more at risk for mercury toxicity, we aimed to assess the association between dental amalgam filling and urinary mercury concentration in children. 581 of elementary school children in grades 1st4th were conveniently recruited from two schools located in Daegu city, Korea. To obtain dental caries experience states, oral examination were conducted using the full term for DFS index, number of amalgam filling surfaces and the type of filling materials. A questionnaire was used to collect information about general characteristics and the frequencies of tooth brushing, gum chewing and fish/seafood consumption. The statistical analysis was done using the SPSS 18.0 program. The mean urinary mercury concentration in children having more surfaces was highest. As a results Urinary mercury concentration of children who have 79 teeth of amalgam filling and more than 10 is higher than without amalgam filling. The number of amalgam filling surface is closely related with urinary mercury concentration.
An Analysis of Education Objectives of Oral Health Education Based on Revision Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
Choi, Gyu-Yil ; Choi, Byung-Ok ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 259~269
This study examined in what category that the knowledge dimension and the cognitive processes dimension are described based on 'A revision o Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives' in oral health education textbooks. Oral health education and practice from Educational Objectives of Dental Hygiene Department(Korea dental hygienist Prof Council, 2009) were selected to analyze a textbook, the body contents was analyzed in the knowledge dimension, and the activity was analyzed in cognitive processes dimension. Three experts were selected as a corder for reliable analysis. As a result of this study, the knowledge dimension in oral health education textbook was focused on the categories of factual knowledge and conceptual knowledge in textbook analysis based on 'A revision of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives', and the category dimension of 'understand' showed to be the most for the cognitive processes dimension. Moreover, there was no 'meta cognitive knowledge' that conforms to a higher-order thinking and the category dimensions of 'analyze', 'evaluate', and 'create' took very low proportion or did not exist. Conclusion, Oral health education textbooks were analyzed to fragmentary and Memorizing the level knowledge. Thus we have to develop oral health education textbooks reflected a variety of cognitive and knowledge dimension.
Effects of Professionalism and Self-efficacy on the Job Satisfaction of Dental Hygienists Using the Structural Equation Model
Lee, Sun-Mi ; Kim, Soo-Hwa ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 271~277
This study aims to figure out the effects of dental hygienists' professionalism and self-efficacy on job satisfaction using structural equations. This research conducted a survey to 616 study subjects. According to the analysis using SPSSWIN 18.0 and AMOS 20, the results are as follows : 1. It was shown that the dental hygienists' professionalism gained 3.34 points, self-efficacy was 3.76 points, and job satisfaction received 3.36 points. 2. It was found that as their age was higher, educational degree was higher, they were married, and working experience was more, their professionalism, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction were higher, which showed statistically significant difference. 3. Regarding the study model, there was positive effect as the correlation coefficient of professionalism and self efficacy was .69, that of professionalism and job satisfaction was .33, that of self-efficacy and job satisfaction was .59. In other words, there was correlation between professionalism and self-efficacy. When self-efficacy was higher than professionalism, job satisfaction also increased. Job satisfaction is affected by various environments within an organization and each individual's internal factors. The reason why job satisfaction is important is that along with the medical service quality and productivity, it is also associated with dental hygienists' individual life quality. In order to cope with this changeful time, it is needed for an organization to make efforts for change to enhance dental hygienists' job satisfaction, and also it is necessary to make endeavors so that dental hygienists can have confidence in their job and their professionalism and self-efficacy can be improved.
Relationships between Obesity Types and Periodontitis according to Characteristics of Subjects
Kong, Young-Mi ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 279~286
The aim of this study was to evaluation the association between obesity and periodontitis according to the characteristics of subjects. The subjects of this study was 429 subjects aged 19 years or older from March to May, 2010. Data were analyzed with chi-square test, Multivariable logistic regression and Statistics were analyzed linear regression analysis using SPSS 18.0. WHR had dose-effect relationship with the number of sextants with periodontitis. With regard to relationships between obesity type and periodontitis depending on characteristics of objects, the WHR obesity group showed results higher than the normal group, for twice(OR: 2.24; 95% CI: 1.17-4.28) and three times or more(OR: 3.34; 95% CI: 1.53-7.27) in frequency of daily teeth brushing, 0-3 points(OR: 2.47; 95% CI: 1.09-5.59) and 4-6 points(OR: 3.99; 95% CI: 1.75-9.08) in the self-perception of stress level, and the group with 8 hours or more(OR: 4.20; 95% CI: 2.11-8.34) in the sleeping time. If anyone is judged to have obesity by WHR, we can say that the risk to have periodontitis together with it is 2.56 times more likely(95% CI: 1.58-4.13).
Effect of Standardized Oral Health Care Program by Dental Hygiene School Students
Noh, Hie-Jin ; Kim, Mi-Na ; Ahn, Yong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 287~294
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of standardized oral health care program by dental hygiene school students. Target population was 100 University students who attended standardized oral health care program by a dental hygiene school students. Present study was conducted during first and second semester in 2011 at E dental hygiene school. We analysed students' oral health related knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-oral hygiene care ability after the program. Univariate analysis, Chi-square test and paired t-test were conducted using SAS version 9.2. University students' who attended standardized oral health care program by dental hygiene school students oral health related knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self oral-hygiene care ability were significantly improved whether they have attended oral health related lectures or not(p<.05). It is recommended provide standardized oral health care program to university students by dental hygiene school students to promote their oral health related knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-oral hygiene care ability.
A Study of the Participation Level of the Students of the Advanced Course for Bachelor of Dental Hygiene
Yu, Ji-Su ; Bae, Cheon-Ung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 295~301
This study targeted students of advanced course for bachelor of dental hygiene at 15 universities, which are operating advanced course for bachelor of dental hygiene. This study was performed by questionnaire survey targeting students of advanced course for bachelor of dental hygiene. To analyze relationship between variables, the correlation was carried out. To verify influence of each variable upon participation level, multiple regression analysis was carried out. As a result of this study, the participation motive, expectation for educational institution, and educational satisfaction of students advanced course for bachelor of dental hygiene were found to have influence upon participation level. Based on the result, it is important to understand the participation motive of the students and to offer satisfaction environment and administrative support for enhancing the expectation for education for educational institution. Especially, given striving to enhance the satisfaction with teaching and the satisfaction with effect on advanced major courses, the university needs to make efforts to increase stature as higher education institution through advanced course for bachelor of dental hygiene.