Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of dental hygiene science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Effects of Oral Health Knowledge and Practices on Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth Index and Quality of Life -Path Analysis Using Structural Equation Modeling-
Lee, Young-Soo ; Bae, Sung Yoon ; Ji, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~12
This study aims to measure oral health knowledge and practice level among dental clinic patients, and examine their relationships with decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMF) index and the oral health-related quality of life (QOL). Empirical data have been collected from 311 patients through structured questionnaires and dental examinations conducted in Busan area. According to the analysis of causal relationship, oral health knowledge turned out to have a direct effect on oral health practices, which exerted both direct and indirect effects on DMF index and oral health-related QOL. While DMF index directly affected the oral health-related QOL, oral health knowledge proved to have only an indirect effect on DMF index and oral health-related QOL, mediated by oral health practices. Considering all these findings, effective oral health education and other intervention programs should focus on motivating people to participate in the active practices of desirable oral health behaviors, which will lead to the prevention of oral diseases and the subsequent improvement in the QOL.
Effect of 15% Hydrogen Peroxide on Color Change and Microhardness of Bovine Teeth according to the Time
Park, Mi-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 13~19
This study evaluated the change of color and the microhardness according to time-out using the office bleaching with in vitro test after bleaching one time 1 day per week, total three times, for the control group and three times per 1day for the experimental group.
was increased in both groups. Group 1 showed a significant increase statistically between before and after tooth whitening (p<0.05). Group 2 showed a significant increase statistically between before and after tooth whitening (p<0.05).
was huge in both groups. In group 1, it was great in terms of statistical significance between 1 day and 7 days after tooth whitening (p<0.05). In group 2, it was the greatest between before and 1 day after tooth whitening and was significant statistically as well (p<0.05). Vickers hardness number (VHN) decreased in both groups. In group 1, VHN decreased over time and the difference was significant statistically (p<0.05). In group 2, VHN decreased over time and the difference was significant statistically (p<0.05). Percentage microhardness loss was great in both groups. In group 1, it was the greatest between 1 day and 7 days after the treatment, and it was significant statistically (p<0.05). In group 2, it was the greatest between before and 1 day after the treatment, and it was significant statistically (p<0.05). Put together, the more frequent tooth whitening a day is, the longer the period of tooth whitening when applying the same frequency, the greater color change was, however the microhardness decreased, in regard to the results over time using 15% hydrogen peroxide tooth whitening product for professionals.
Influence of Daily Stress to Oral Symptoms among Adults
Hong, Min-Hee ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 20~28
Daily stress is emerging as one of major problems to affect oral health in complicated and diversified modern society. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the daily stress of adults on their oral symptoms. The subjects in this study were 460 adults, on whom a survey was conducted from July 1 to October 30, 2012. The findings of the study were as follows: As to the impact of daily stress on oral symptoms, symptoms of the lips and cheeks and symptoms of the tongue were under the significant influence of physical, behavioral and psychoemotional stress. Physical and psychoemotional stress had a significant impact on symptoms of the teeth and the gums, and temporomandibular symptoms were significantly affected by psychoemotional and physical stress. The findings of the study showed that daily stress exerted a larger influence on the lips, cheeks and mucous membrane of oral cavity, and that multiple oral diseases took place when there were not only physical and psychoemotional stress but behavioral stress.
Associated Factors of the Approval for the Community Water Fluoridation Program
Jung, Eui-Yeon ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Kim, Yeon-Ji ; Kim, Eun-Ji ; Yang, Won-Seok ; Oh, Mi-Jin ; Oh, Jem-Ma ; In, Mi-Yeon ; Heo, Hyo-Jin ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 29~35
The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that were associated to the approval for the community water fluoridation program. The subjects of this study were 751 mothers of elementary school student from September 1 to 30, 2012. Data were analyzed with chi-square, and multiple logistic regression analysis SPSS 12.0. Respondents approving and opposing for the implementation of water fluoridation program were 50.3% and 10.4%. The most associated factors of approval for the community water fluoridation program was recognition of water fluoridation program (odds ratio [OR], 2.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14~7.76), which was followed by length of residence (OR, 2.49; 95% CI, 1.39~4.47), and recognition of sealant (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.02~3.50) in the order. And the approval opinion had relationship with district of residence. It is recommend that construction of public service system on education and information in order to most peoples can confidence the necessity of community water fluoridation program.
The Effect of Dental Health Knowledge and Oral Hygiene Management Skills on Periodontal Health Status Assessment in Their Twenties
Bok, Hye Jeong ; Lee, Eun-Ju ; Choi, Jung-Mi ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 36~44
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for healthy and effective dental management by providing the knowledge and information on periodontal health promotion as well as high dental health interests, by doing a comparative analysis of the effect of dental health knowledge and oral hygiene management skills of people in their 20s on periodontal health status assessment, to find periodontal disease early and prevent it targeting 130 adults in their 20s who visited dental hygienic lab for comprehensive dental hygiene care and treatment from September 25 to October 30. The data collected used SPSS 18.0. To present the technical characteristics of the data, frequency was used and chi-squared test through cross-analysis was conducted to investigate dental health knowledge and the relevance between the variables of oral hygiene management skills of general characteristics. To examine periodontal health status assessment, t-test and One-way ANOVA and Turkey post-hoc tests were carried out at the 5% significance level. Regression analysis was performed to investigate the impact of dental health knowledge and oral hygiene management skills on dental health status assessment. As a result of this study, as dental health knowledge on tooth brushing of people in their 20s increased, plaque index reduced, as dental health knowledge on periodontal disease increased, plaque index reduced. Dental health status assessment according to a total number of times tooth brushing, tooth brushing methods, whether to use dental hygiene devices, smoking status, drinking frequency per week, whether to have oral health education was statistically significant. To improve the level of dental health knowledge and oral hygiene management skills, oral health education should be strengthened as well as the publicity through the media to have the information on oral health and learn it.
Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from Some Traditional Oriental Medicinal Plants against Dental Caries Bacteria
Lee, Hee-Woen ; Lee, Pureunhaneul ; Kwon, Hyun-Jung ; Han, Kook-Il ; Han, Man-Deuk ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 45~52
Antimicrobial activity of extract from some traditional oriental medicinal plants were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against six oral pathogens, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei, which are associated with caries disease. The antimicrobial activity was examined by determining the inhibition zone using the disc diffusion assay. In antibacterial activity test, extracts of Scutellaria baicalensis, Chrysanthemum indicum, Kochia scoparia, Hydnocarpus anthelmintica and Caesalpinia sappan showed inhibitory effects (40 mg/ml) against tested caries bacteria. Especially, the C. sappan extract showed the strongest activity on S. oralis (40 mm), L. casei (35 mm) and S. mutans (28 mm). Thus, this result suggests that C. sappan may be applicable to preventing dental caries.
Relationship between Menopause, Anxiety Symptoms and Perceived Oral Symptoms in Menopausal Woman
Yu, Hyeon-Ju ; Oh, Jin-Yeong ; Kang, Ji-Won ; Kim, Bo-Mi ; Kim, Se-Hee ; Lee, Eun-Ji ; Lee, Ji-Yeon ; Choi, Min-Jeong ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 53~61
The aim of this study was to assess oral health related quality of life and evaluation the risk factors in menopausal woman. The subjects of this study were 531 menopausal woman from August 5 to September 27, 2012. Data were analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, and binary logistic regression analysis SPSS 12.0. The most influential factors of perceived oral symptoms was menopause symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 3.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.34~5.92), anxiety symptoms (OR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.34~3.41), drinking (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.04~1.81), living with a spouse (OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.70~0.98). There are a statistically significant relationship between perceived oral symptoms and menopause, anxiety symptoms. The postmenopausal woman can be the important menopause and anxiety symptoms interventions in maintaining perceived oral health as good.
The Associated Factors with Xerostomia in Adults Aged 30 Years and Over
Han, Hae-Seong ; Kwon, Da-Ae ; Kim, Ri-Na ; Kim, Yu-Na ; Lee, Gyeol-Hui ; Lee, Na-Ram ; Lee, Da-Jeong ; Lee, Seung-Hui ; Choi, Jun-Seon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 62~70
The aim of this study was to analyze factors related to xerostomia in adults aged 30 years and over. The data were analyzed using the t-test, one-way ANOVA and multiple linear regression analysis in the SPSS version 12.0 program. The results were as follow. 1. The respondents who were older than 51 years old, unemployed and had less than 3 million won of average monthly income were more aware of xerostomia (p<0.05). 2. The respondents who answered poor and moderate for their general and oral health and the group with duplicate medication and comorbidity were more aware of xerostomia (p<0.05). 3. The respondents that had problems in chewing, communication, ordinary activities and complained of pain discomfort and suffered from anxiety depression were more aware of xerostomia (p<0.001). 4. The respondents that answered frequent dryness on their skin, eyes, lips, and nasal mucosa were more aware of xerostomia (p<0.001). 5. Xerostomia showed highest correlation with quality of life (
=0.436) followed by the number of medications (
=0.239), sense of entire body dryness (
=0.200), feeling of hopelessness (
=0.160) and number of oral mucosa disease symptoms (
=0.099) (p<0.05). According to the results of the study, xerostomia may cause deterioration in quality of life. Thus, it is advised to improve the patient management system among dental professions to prevent various complications caused by xerostomia and conduct regular health education on the cause and management method of xerostomia.
A Study on Emotional Labor and Burnout in Dental Hygienist
Oh, Hye-Young ; Jin, Ki-Nam ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 71~76
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of service education to the emotional labor of dental hygienists and influential factors for their job burnout. The subjects in this study were 155 dental hygienists, on whom a survey was conducted. The findings of the study were as follows: The respondents who ever received service education and were satisfied with that education were better at emotional regulation. After job burnout was classified into physical symptoms and psychological symptoms, a multiple regression analysis was carried out to explore what variables would affect the two subfactors. And it's found that psychological symptoms were positively affected by emotional dissonance. The above-mentioned findings illustrated that service education had something to do with the emotional labor of the dental hygienists, and that the emotional labor of the dental hygienists had an impact on their job burnout.
A Study on Effective Smoking Cessation Policy of Smoker Patients
Hwang, Ji-Min ; Kim, Eung-Gwon ; Park, Yong-Duk ; Han, Ji-Hyoung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 77~82
The purpose of this study was to examine the subjective awareness of smoker patients about the preparation of smoking cessation plans in an effort to lay the foundation for smoking cessation policy setting. The subjects were the selected patients at a dental clinic. A self-administered survey was conducted to grasp their personal characteristics, and the selected answer sheets from 236 respondents were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for the extension of existing smoking cessation plans, the largest group (32.6%) preferred smoking cessation education, followed by smoking cessation counseling (28.8%), prescription of an smoking cessation aid (18.6%). 2. Concerning the necessity of a smoking cessation law, the men and the women respectively gave 2.37 and 3.00 to that, and the gender gap was significant. The patients had a significantly different opinion on the necessity of a rise in tobacco price according to their occupation and monthly mean household income, and their took a significantly different view of the necessity of smoking cessation counseling according to their residential area. 3. As a result of analyzing the correlation between their on effective smoking cessation policies and the related variables, all the variables had a statistically significant correlation to each other. 4. As a result of analyzing their opinions on what institution should be in charge of smoking cessation plans, the biggest group answered that dental clinics should be responsible for smoking cessation-aid prescription (50.0%), and the largest group replied that smoking cessation education and smoking cessation counseling should respectively be provided by public dental clinics (37.3%) and dental clinics (44.1%).The above-mentioned findings suggest that the preparation of new smoking cessation measures and the extension of existing smoking cessation plans are urgently required, and that dentists and dental hygienists should make a concerted effort to offer counseling and education to stimulate dental patients to abstain from smoking.
A Study of Toothpaste Containing Pyrophosphates and Cellulose on the Abrasivity and Cleaning Power
Kim, Byung-Jun ; Kim, Ji-Hye ; Ha, Won-Ho ; Ahn, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 83~90
The aim of this study was to evaluate the abrasive effect and cleaning power of toothpaste containing tetrasodium pyrophosphate and cellulose. The relative dentin abrasivity, cleaning power by modified Stookey method, dentin abrasivity of brushing after Cola treatment and consumer survey were investigated with control toothpaste containing dental type silica as an abrasive. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Experimental toothpaste hardly influenced dentin abrasivity, but control toothpaste had an effect on dentin abrasivity significantly (p<0.05). 2. There was no significant difference in cleaning power between experimental and control toothpaste (p>0.05). 3. Experimental toothpaste hardly influenced dentin abrasivity, despite 100 or 1,000 times of brushing after Cola treatment, but control toothpaste showed a big increase in dentin abrasivity as the number of brushing has been increased (p<0.05). 4. According to the consumer survey results, there was no difference between control and experimental toothpaste in the satisfaction rate of refreshing sensation, the satisfaction rate of the lasting effect of refreshing sensation and the overall satisfaction rate of the toothpaste (p>0.05). These results showed a possibility to make abrasive free toothpaste having cleaning power without dentin abrasivity.
The Significant Caries Index of 12 Years Old in Korean
An, Eun-Suk ; Han, Ji-Hyoung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 91~96
The purpose of this study was to examine the possibility of the existence of high-risk groups of dental caries and influential factors for the high-risk groups, as there was a possibility that certain people might especially be at risk of suffering from dental caries when decayed, missing, and filled teeth index were analyzed, which were the typical indicators of dental caries. The data of the 4th National Health & Nutrition Survey for 2007, 2008 and 2009 were analyzed. Significant caries index (SiC index) were calculated, which were one of the representative devices to indicate high-risk groups of dental caries, and the SiC index and related factors were analyzed by using
(chi-square) test. Besides, logistic regression analysis was utilized to find out influential factors, and a statistical package STATA 11.0 was employed. As a result of analyzing what factors would be linked to high-risk groups of dental caries, it's found that women were more likely to belong to high-risk groups than men (p<0.01). How the related factors affected the high-risk groups was analyzed, and it's found that those who didn't find themselves to be in good oral health were more likely to be classified into a high-risk group, and that those who brushed their teeth three times a more a day on a regular basis were more likely to belong to a high-risk group than the others who didn't (p<0.01). Thus, SiC index were calculated in this study to confirm the existence of dental caries high-risk groups, and what factors impacted on the high-risk groups was ascertained. It's required to implement efficient national policies to step up the promotion of national oral health based on the findings of the study.
Behaviors-Based Safety Management of Dental Professionals on Dental Amalgam and Resin
Yoon, Sung-Uk ; Nam, In-Suk ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 97~104
This study investigated the safety management behavior of dental professionals to minimize exposure to harmful elements of amalgam and resin. As for the use of amalgam and resin, 85.8% of them used amalgam. 100% of used composite resin 100%. 97.8% used acryl resin, and 95.7% used tray resin. 95.2% and 36.5% of them were aware of the harm of amalgam and resin respectively. When using resin, their safety management behavior score was 1.99 on average, and the lowest score was 2.50 on average for 'ventilate the indoor air when handling resin'. Their average score of the safety management behavior was 1.83 when using amalgam. The lowest score was 2.89 on average for 'use the rubber dam for patients when handling amalgam'. As a result of the safety management behavior based on general characteristics, all characteristics were significant with regard to amalgam, and my position at work and work experience were significant with regard to resin (p<0.05). The correlation between the safety management behavior and general characteristics was analyzed when dental amalgam and resin are used. Amalgam was statistically correlated with academic background (p<0.05) and position at work (p<0.05), whereas resin was statistically significantly correlated with age (p<0.05) and position at work (p<0.05). Accordingly, education about the harm of dental materials must be continuously provided for dental professionals when they handle dental materials so that safety management behavior will be conducted correctly, and active efforts to protect the health of dental professionals from harmful chemicals must be made.
The Effects on Satisfaction and Recommendation according to Orthodontic Patients' Perception of Treatment
Chun, Jong Ae ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 1, 2013, Pages 105~114
The purpose of this study was to offer information to medical institution of specializing in orthodontic patients by surveying the influence of orthodontic patients' perception of treatment according to orthodontic treatment upon satisfaction and recommendation with orthodontic treatment, targeting patients with completion of orthodontics who have experience of having received orthodontic treatment. As a result of SAS ver. 9.1 analysis on what was surveyed from February 2010 to August, the following conclusions were obtained. In comparing perception of treatment on orthodontic treatment according to general characteristics, women compared to men were indicated to be higher (p<0.05) in inconvenience recognition (p<0.05) on orthodontic device and in inconvenience during orthodontic treatment (p<0.05). In perception of treatment on orthodontic treatment, the inconvenience of orthodontic device accounted for 79.3%, thereby having been recognized by the majority of subjects. Even the inconvenience during orthodontic treatment was being recognized by 69.8%. The orthodontic treatment expenses appeared enough to be expected by 61.6%. The frequency of visiting hospital during orthodontic treatment was indicated as saying of having been proper by 72.8%. The period of orthodontic treatment was indicated to be proper as well by 61.2%. Even understanding about treatment contents during orthodontic treatment was indicated to be understood by 62.6%. In the results of correlation among subjects' cooperation with dental treatment, satisfaction with treatment service, recommendation of this clinic, and satisfaction with the convenient facilities, the significantly positive correlation was shown (p<0.05) in all among items in each.