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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of dental hygiene science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence: A Potential Tool for Dental Hygiene Process
Kim, Hee-Eun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 115~124
Recently, there have been improvements in diagnostic methods for the assessment of early caries lesions. The reason is that dental professionals are seeking methods to reliably detect incipient dental caries and to remineralize them. This review examines the literature on principles, theoretical background, and history of the Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence (QLF) system (Inspektor Research Systems BV, The Netherlands). Furthermore, this paper discusses the potential application of QLF system to clinical practice for educational purpose, enabling dental hygiene students to perform oral health assessment using the QLF system. In addition, the clinical application of QLF system can motivate patients by providing additional visual information about caries and bacterial activity. The evidences on validity and reliability of the QLF system for detection of longitudinal changes in de/remineralization and caries were examined. The QLF system is capable of monitoring and quantifying mineral changes in early caries lesions. Therefore, it can be used to assess the impacts of caries preventive measures on the remineralization and reversal of the caries process. And the QLF system is a very promising equipment to assess educational effectiveness for dental hygiene students in their learning process. In conclusion, the QLF system is the most effective technology for more sensitive staging of caries and treatment without surgical intervention.
Comparison between Early Childhood Teachers and Mothers in Perception of Oral Health Behavior and Education for Children
Lee, Sae Na ; Kim, Eun Sook ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 125~134
The purpose of this study was to compare between early childhood teachers and mothers in oral health knowledge, oral health care behavior, and perception of oral health education. The subjects in this study were 90 early childhood teachers who worked in all of kindergartens and child-care centers and 235 mothers who have young children (aged from 1 to 5) in 2 kindergartens and 2 childcare centers Y region. They completed questionnaires about oral health knowledges, oral health care behaviors, and perception of oral health education. The collected data was analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test, and Fisher's exact test of SPSS WIN. The results were as follows: 1. There was not statistically significant difference between early childhood teacher's knowledge about oral health and mothers'. 2. There was statistically significant difference between early childhood teachers' oral health care behaviors for children and mothers' in prevention of cavity, keeping toothbrushes, guiding oral health behaviors, and check up at dentist's. 3. There was statistically significant difference between early childhood teachers' perception of interest and experience in oral health education and mothers'. Therefore, There was not difference between early childhood teacher's knowledge about oral health and mothers. But early childhood teachers more frequently carry out preventing of cavity, keeping toothbrushes, guiding oral health behavior to their children than mothers. Mothers were more interested in oral health than early childhood teachers. And Mothers wanted to be educated about children' oral care and early childhood teachers wanted to be educated about guidebook and media of oral health education.
Influence of High Temperature of the Porcelain Firing Process on the Marginal Fit of Zirconia Core
Kim, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Ki-Baek ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 135~141
One factor for successful prognosis of finished dental prosthesis is good marginal fit. The purpose of this study in vitro investigation was to compare the marginal fit of all-ceramic crown before and after porcelain veneering, to evaluate the influence of high temperature of the porcelain firing on the fit. For this experiment, model of abutment tooth of maxillary right central incisor was prepared. Ten working models were produced. Ten zirconia cores were made by dental computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing system. The marginal fit of specimens were examined using silicone replica technique. Silicone replicas were sectioned four times and were measured through a digital microscope (
). Marginal fit is a distance connected between edge end part of specimen and abutment margin. Each specimens was measured twice, the first measurement was done prior to veneering porcelain firing, while the second measurement was done after the porcelain firing to evaluate this process. Statistical analyses were performed with paired t-test.
marginal fit was
for zirconia core and
for all-ceramic crown. They were statistically significant differences (p<0.001). But all specimens showed a marginal fit where the gap widths ranged within the clinical recommendation (
), all-ceramic crown production using the zirconia core was adequate.
Self-Reported Halitosis and the Associated Factors in Adults
Lee, Mi-Ra ; Choi, Jun-Seon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 142~150
The aim of this study was to analyze the factors related to self-reported halitosis. This study performed a questionnaire survey, targeting at 450 adults who lived in Seoul and Gyeonggi area. Main results of this study were as followings. Relationships between socio-demographic characteristics and halitosis showed no significant difference. Relationships between subjective oral health and halitosis, the groups that were treated dental prosthesis, aware of periodontal disease and dry mouth symptoms reported more halitosis (p<0.05). The group that brushed teeth less than twice a day, did not brush teeth after having a snack, and had frequent sweet treat reported more halitosis (p<0.05). The group that more experienced limitation, discomfort, discomfort reported more halitosis (p<0.05). Based on the results derived as above, the self-reported halitosis was shown to be related to periodontal disease, dry mouth, oral hygiene care and quality of life. Therefore, it is considered that preventing periodontal disease and oral dryness as well as reinforcing the oral hygiene care will contribute to prevention of halitosis and enhancement of quality of life.
Evaluation of Toothbrush Bristles' Wear Index and Wear Rate Used by Preschool Children
Kim, Sun-Ju ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 151~157
The purpose of this study was to examine the toothbrush bristles' wear index and wear rate used by preschool children to provide information on the establishment of criteria for toothbrush replacement cycle for preschool children. One thousand twenty-two toothbrushes were collected from September 20 to November 16, 2012 was analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As a result of analyzing the toothbrush wear index, 48.5% of the collected toothbrushes was above 0.400, and the average wear index was
. 2. As a result of analyzing the wear rate of the toothbrushes, score 2 and 3 accounted for 70.4%, and the average wear rate stood at
. 3. As a result of analyzing the state of toothbrush management, the most common average toothbrush replacement cycle was one or two months (63.9%). Concerning the method of toothbrush replacement, the largest group (52.7%) replied they changed toothbrushes based on the abrasivity of toothbrush bristles, and 16.7 percent did that at the request of parents. Given the above-mentioned findings of the study, preschool teachers and parents should be educated to ensure the successful management of preschool children toothbrushes. In addition, it's required to set evident criteria for the right toothbrush replacement cycle for preschool children, and how to provide oral health education in an efficient way should be considered as well.
The Effects of Platelet-Rich Fibrin on Osteoblast Proliferation and Differentiation: Effects of Platelet-Rich Fibrin on Osteoblasts
Jung, Hae-Su ; Bae, Hyun-Sook ; Hong, Ki Seok ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 158~164
The most frequently encountered problems at fixture-implantation sites are lack of adequate bone and proximity to anatomic structures. It is generally accepted that growth factors play an essential role in the healing process and tissue formation, and they have become the focus of grafting materials research. The granules in platelets contain high concentrations of various growth factors. In particular, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a second-generation platelet concentrate that allows the production of fibrin membranes enriched with platelets and growth factors from an anticoagulant-free blood harvest. This study investigated the in vitro effects of PRF on osteoblasts, in terms of the key cellular functions, and especially the effects on two growth factors, the homodimer of platelet-derived growth factor subunit B (BPDGF-BB) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-
, which are associated with wound healing and regeneration (i.e., proliferation and differentiation). The following parameters were investigated: PDGF-BB and TGF-
levels in PRF, cell viability, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, type 1 collagen synthesis, and the expressions of osteoblast differentiation markers (ALP and runt-related transcription factor 2) and bone matrix proteins (type 1 collagen). The release of autologous growth factors from PRF was maintained for a reasonable period of time, and exerted positive effects on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. The use of PRF thus appears to be a promising method for enhancing bone healing and remodeling.
The Effect of 15% Carbamide Peroxide on the Surface Roughness and Staining of Esthetic Restoratives
Kim, Soo-Hwa ; Choi, Hye-Sook ; Roh, Jj-Yeon ; Kim, Kwang-Mahn ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 165~173
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surface change after 15% carbamide peroxide home bleaching to various restorative materials (composite resin [CR], resin modified glass ionomer [RMGI] and glass ionomer [GI]) and to observe the effect of surface condition of the materials on re-staining. Three esthetic restorative materials (Filtek Z250, 3M, USA; Fuji II LC, GC, Japan; Fuji II, GC, Japan) were used in this study. Twenty specimens per material group were made and divided into two groups (bleached and control). The specimens were immersed in coffee after applying bleaching agent. The color change and surface roughness were measured before and after bleaching and after immersion in coffee. The data were analyzed with SPSS 18.0. The results were as follows: 1. The color of all experiment groups was significantly changed after bleaching (p<0.05). RMGI was the greatest value of
. GI and CR groups were in ordering (p<0.05). The
value was decreased GI, RMGI and CR. RMGI was only significantly decreased in
value (p<0.05). 2. The surface roughness before and after bleaching was significantly different on CR, RMGI and GI (p<0.05). 3. After staining with coffee, the value of
was increased in GI, RMGI and CR, furthermore GI and RMGI showed significant difference in the bleaching groups (p<0.05). The
value of GI and RMGI was significantly decreased. 4. The change of surface roughness after staining was not significantly different in all groups (p>0.05). The maintenance of color stability in esthetic restorations is one of the most important properties. Tooth whitening is for the aesthetic. Therefore, dental professionals should notice to patients about re-staining after tooth whitening. They should give an instruction that how to prevent and which kinds of agents could be stained.
A GIS-Based Public Health-Geographical Analysis of Oral Health Programs for Primary School Students
Yang, Jin-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 174~181
The objective of this research is to compare and analyze regional accessibility of Korean primary school students to oral health services from the perspective of public health geography by using geographic information system in which the choropleth map has been regarded as the most popular method. Statistical proximity on the basis of calculus of 205 regions-based school oral health data is optimized to set five class intervals for five maps. These choropleth maps of oral heal programs such as oral health education, tooth-brushing method education, preventive dental care and curative dental care, demonstrate that there exist wide regional discrepancies throughout the country in terms of primary school students' accessibility to oral health services within the programs. The paper not just contributes to overcoming the existing paradigm by actively considering an interdisciplinary research among public health dentistry, dental hygiene and geography of public health, but provides clear evidence for national oral health policy in South Korea.
A Study on Dental Caries Activity Assessment from Saliva of Students of Dentistry College (I)
Son, Seung Hwa ; Kim, Dong Ae ; Park, Young Min ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 182~190
Composition of oral microbial flora is suggested to play a role in the maintenance of oral health. Among them, Streptococcus mutans plays an essential role in the formation of dental plaque and it is being noticed as incipient infective bacteria of dental caries. The purpose of this study was to prepare the basic data about distribution of Streptococcus mutans detected from saliva by measuring colony density. It is well known that smoking as well as drinking is a factor of dental caries, however there are few investigations about distribution of Streptococcus mutans either smoking or drinking. The materials of this study were collected from students of dentistry college with general characteristics obtained by self-administered questionnaires. Students were asked to gently chew the paraffin to get saliva for 1 minute. Bacitracin disc in the culture medium was activated for 15 minutes, and then sample was incubated in the activated medium at
incubator for 48 hours. Streptococcus mutans colonization per 1 ml saliva was measured by the number of criteria. The severe levels of dental caries activity were significantly increased in the case of smoking (from 5.6% to 10%) or drinking (form 0% to 7%), respectively. Also, dental caries activity increased according to smoking and drinking periods longer. However, using the SPSS analytical process (Mann-Whitney's U), no significant differences were observed between the smoking and the non-smoking or the drinking and non-drinking, respectively. These results obtained from dental caries activity of saliva suggest that distribution of Streptococcus mutans following smoking or drinking can be used as a significant information for oral health.
Efficacy and Evaluation of Tooth Stain with Various pH Beverages Following Whitening Dentifrice
Nam, Seoul-Hee ; Choi, Jung-Ok ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 191~196
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tooth brightening of whitening dentifrice and to determine the tooth stain level over 20 days depending on beverages that have various pH values after using whitening dentifrice. Thirty teeth were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 was provided with a whitening dentifrice for 3 minutes and group 2 was treated with a control dentifrice for 3 minutes thrice a day for four weeks. All teeth were photographed using a digital imaging system under a stereomicroscope (magnification,
). After four weeks, the ten teeth were immersed in the tea solution, another of ten teeth were immersed in the orange juice and the other of the teeth were immersed in the coffee solution. Three solutions were renewed each day for the appropriate groups. Stain development was monitored under a stereomicroscope daily over 20 days period by immersion of teeth in a tea, juice, coffee solution at room temperature (
) in individual container. Whitening dentifrice gave a statistically higher value of overall color change as compared to control dentifrice after 21 days (p<0.05). Stain level of whiten tooth immersed in orange juice was the grestest overall color change, but there was not statistically significant difference (p>0.05). On the other hand, stain level of whiten tooth immersed in coffee and green tea showed a statistically significant difference after 15 days and 5 days, respectively (p<0.05). Tooth immersed in green tea was higher negative value than control dentifrice. The tooth using whitening dentifrice was shown to be effectively whiter color than control dentifrice. However, stain level by orange juice, coffee and green tea has a strong staining effect.
Relationship of Physique to the Size of Dental Arch in Dental Hygiene Students
Han, Ji-Hyoung ; Lee, Chun-Sun ; Hwang, Ji-Min ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 197~202
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the physique of 147 dental hygiene students and the size of their dental arch. A survey was conducted, and impression taking was carried out at the same time to measure the arch length and width of the students. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. 74.8 percent of the students got a dental checkup over the past year. 86.4 percent breathed through the nose. 18.4 percent had ever received orthodontic treatment, and 49.7 percent had ever had their tooth extracted. 94.6 percent were fond of refined food, and 52.4 percent had a liking for hard food. 2. There were no statistically significant differences in arch length and width according to all the variables that related the size of dental arch. 3. Out of the physique variables, weight was identified as a variable to make a statistically significant difference to arch length and width. A heavier weight led to larger mandibular inter-canine width and larger maxillary inter-molar width. 4, A heavier weight had a weaker positive correlation to inter-canine width and inter-molar width. Arch length and width were most closely linked to maxillary inter-molar width and mandibular inter-molar width. The above-mentioned findings show that weight exerted an influence on the form of dental arch among the physique variables. In the future, sustained research efforts should be made to keep track of the relationship between the change of physique and the change of dental arch to improve the stability of occlusion and promote oral health.
Comparative Tooth Morphology and Qualitative Analysis on the Enamel Surface using Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy in the White-Toothed Shrew Crocidura lasiura and C. suaveolens and the Red-Toothed Shrew Sorex caecutiens from Korea
Jeong, Soon-Jeong ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 203~212
The tooth morphology and qualitative mineral contents on enamel surface using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, (EDX) were examined in the white-toothed shrew (genus Crocidura ) Crocidura lasiura and C. suaveolens and the red-toothed shrew (genus Sorex) Sorex caecutiens. In the case of C. lasiura and C. suaveolens, dental formula was found I 3/1 C1/1 P1/1 M3/3=28. The upper 1st and 2nd molars had an unequal W-shape formed by 5 cusps on the crown. The 3rd molar was found one-third the size of those of 1st and 2nd molars. The upper 1st incisor had two different sized hook-shapes and the lower 1st incisor was even. In the case of S. caecutiens, dental formula was found to be I3/1 C1/1 P3/1 M3/3=32. The upper 1st and 2nd molars had an equal W-shape on crown. The upper 3rd molar was half the size of those of the other molars. The upper 1st incisor possessed two similar sized hook-shapes and the lower 1st incisor had an uneven and serrated form. A comparison with the dental and cranial measurements revealed C. lasiura to be the largest of the three species (p<0.001) and C. suaveolens and S. caecutiens were similar in size (p>0.05). A qualitative analysis of mineral contents on enamel surface of the lower 1st incisor and lower 1st molar using EDX revealed C, O, P, Ca and Cu in all specimens and Pb was detected in several enamel specimens. No significant differences in the mineral contents (% weight) were observed among the three species (p>0.05). Fe was only detected on enamel surface of S. caecutiens with red pigmented teeth. Therefore, Fe is responsible for the red tip of the teeth. These results suggest that tooth morphological characteristics including the color of the tooth tip might be used as the key classifying species belonging to Crocidura and Sorex.
The Effect of Commercially Available Mouth Rinsing Solution and Alkaline Ionized Water on the Oral Bacteria
Park, Seon-Nyeo ; Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Ahn, Yong-Soon ; Choi, Yoo-Seok ; Lim, Do-Seon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 213~221
The mouth rinsing solution currently on the market is used for oral hygiene and reduction of halitosis, and alkaline ionized water is used for drinking purposes. The aim of this germiculture and observation through a microscope is to investigate the effect they have on the oral bacteria, and the results are as follows. 1. The change in the number of cultivated bacteria before and after the use of gargle was most dramatic for Hexamedin. It showed the highest rate of decrease in bacteria by 71.29%, followed by Listerine with 62.25%, Caregargle with 42.26%, Garglin with 33.52%, saline solution with 21.62%, alkaline ionized water with 16.08% and distilled water with 7.67%. 2. After careful analysis of statistics, Hexamedin was found to result in a significant decrease in the number of bacteria after gargling (p<0.05). 3. From observing through an light microscope after gram staining, it was evident that both a number of cocci and a few of filamentous were present before the use of gargle, whereas mostly cocci was present after the use of gargle. 4. The difference in the pH of oral rinses and alkaline ionized water had no significant influence on the number of oral bacteria. In conclusion, Hexamedin and Listerine, with the rate of decrease of bacteria of co71.29% and 62.25% respectively, have proven to be highly effective when applied before dental treatment. Other oral rinses and alkaline ionized water are relatively less efficient in decreasing the number of oral bacteria. Also, the decrease of bacteria is more affected by the antibacterial component of oral rinses than by the change in pH.