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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of dental hygiene science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Conditions and Performance of Quality Improvement Activity in Korean Dental Hospitals
Kim, Han-Na ; Kim, Ho ; Kim, Hae-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 359~368
This study aimed to evaluate conditions and performance of quality improvement (QI) activity in Korean dental hospitals. Twenty one representative dental hospitals in Korea were selected by the selection criteria. A questionnaire was implemented to measure awareness, perceived needs, educations, conferences, works, activating/obstructive factors and satisfaction related to QI activities. Satisfaction score range from 0 (lowest) to 5 (highest) among 329 dental hygienists who worked in the selected 21 dental hospitals. Implementation rate of programs on external customer satisfaction was the highest 59.9% in QI activities, and reduction of expenses (59.4%), Improvement in health care quality (58.7), risk management (52.8) were followed, while improvement in work efficiency (46.5) showed the lowest implementation rate. The most influencing factor accelerating QI activities was 'active participation of hospital workers' (54.7%), and 'effort to improve customer satisfaction' (44.7%) followed. The most influencing QI related obstructive factor was 'lack of QI-related manpower and support' (47.1%). A balanced development including QI programs with lower implementation rates is necessary. Encouraging participation of workers may be the most important in developing dental QI activities further.
Relationship of the State of Smoking to Smoking Beliefs among College Students
Lee, Hyun-Ok ; Song, Ji-Yeon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 369~377
The purpose of this study was to examine the state of smoking among college students and the relationship between their state of smoking and smoking beliefs in an effort to provide information on the development and utilization of smoking-prevention and antismoking programs geared toward stepping up the health promotion of college students. The subjects in this study were 1,696 people at 10 different universities located in North Jeolla Province. A survey was conducted from May 1 to June 1, 2012, and the collected data were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. Smoking status was as follows: smoking was 23.7% for students with experience, the first one when smoking was the highest 42.1% in high school and a four-year duration of smoking was highest in at least 46.1%. 2. As for smoking beliefs by general characteristics, the respondents whose monthly allowance was between 300 and 390 thousand Korean won and 400 thousand Korean won or more got 1.91 (p<0.001), Concerning the relationship between smoking and oral health, the biggest group that replied there was no relationship between the two got 2.00, which was the highest score (p<0.001). 3. Regarding the links between the state of smoking and smoking belief, the respondents who answered elementary school days in the time to begin smoking got 2.66, which was the highest score, and the one who answered four out of their five close friends were smoking got 2.60, which was the highest score (p<0.05). 4. As to the relationship of smoking dependence and intention of quitting smoking, the respondents who answered they were quite dependent on smoking got 2.75 (p<0.001), which was the highest score. And the respondents who answered they had no intention to give up smoking got 2.68, which was the highest score (p<0.01).
Comparison of Major and Job Satisfaction of Students and Graduates in Dental Hygiene and Nursing
Baek, Seong-Min ; Song, Da-Hye ; Park, Jin-Seul ; Bae, Jeong-Yeon ; Jeong, Won-Seok ; Hwang, Soo-Jeong ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 378~385
Although dental hygiene has haven a special domain of knowledge and its own business territory, people have misunderstandings about dental hygienists as nurses or nirses' aides in Korea. Inadequate knowledge could make negative results for university applicants to choose department of dental hygiene. This study was aimed to compare major and job satisfaction of students and graduates in dental hygiene and nursing for objective comparison and suggestion for dental hygiene. The subjects were 98 dental hygiene students, 113 nursing students, 53 dental hygienists, and 53 nurses by convenience sampling in Daejeon. The questionnaire consisted of satisfaction of college life, social identity, career path and job. ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc analysis was used with SPSS 20.0 program. Although dental hygiene students scored lower than nursing students in satisfaction of college life, social identity, career path and job, dental hygienists, nurse and dental hygiene students didn't have different satisfaction of job. Dental hygienists scored the lowest in relation with clinical work and major curriculum, and sexual discrimination. Nurses scored the lowest in working condition and salary. Dental hygienists and dental hygiene students had lower scores in information and advice of career path, entrance to graduate school, stable work, family's pride of my major, social position and so on. We suggested the community of dental hygiene should try to promote dental hygienists to public, the community of dentists should give the stable working condition, and the department of dental hygiene should improve the major curriculum to relate with clinical work.
The Associated Factors with Xerostomia in Patients with Systemic Diseases
Kim, Sun-Ju ; Choi, Jun-Seon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 386~392
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors related to xerostomia in patients with systemic diseases, and the results were analyzed through t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis. There were 62 respondents (56.9%) who reported dry mouth and the season of the most severe dry mouth was reported to be the highest during winter. According to the analysis made in the relationship of xerostomia with the awareness of general health and health behavior, the group that understood their own health poorly, had more than two kinds of diseases, and had been administered more than two kinds of daily medication showed higher xerostomia. Also, those who experienced desperation, had high dryness in other parts of the body, and heavy snoring were more aware of xerostomia (p<0.05). According to the analysis made in the relationship between xerostomia and awareness of oral health state, the group that understood their oral health poorly and had pain in the oral mucous membrane and halitosis was more aware of xerostomia (p<0.05). According to the analysis made in the relationship between quality of life and xerostomia, the group that showed high level of problem in daily living and stress and were self-conscious and felt tense due to halitosis reported more xerostomia (p<0.05). Finally, xerostomia was most correlated with consciousness of the eyes of others due to halitosis followed by the number of transferred systemic diseases and stress level. Based on such results, xerostomia was understood to be an obstacle in maintaining favorable social life and health. Since xerostomia was shown to be related to the number of transferred systemic diseases, the dental professions are asked to further improve their understanding not only on oral health but also systemic diseases. Therefore, these efforts are expected to prevent xerostomia and reduce various complications caused by xerostomia.
Vitamin D Level in Blood of Menopausal Women over 50 and the Relation with the Proportion Requiring Dental Scaling
Lee, Sun Hee ; Roh, Sang Chul ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 393~402
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vitamin D and periodontal diseases based on the raw data of the 5th National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey of 2010. The subjects in this study were 1,327 people, and those whose data on major variables were missing and who suffered from diabetes and/or osteoporosis were excluded. As for data analysis, R2.15.1 program and PASW Statistics 18.0 were utilized. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for all the respondents aged 50 and up, there was no significant relationship between vitamin D and periodontal diseases. 2. As for the post-menopausal women including the women who underwent bilateral ovariectomy, the vitamin D-deficit group 1 (<10) were 6.66-fold more likely to suffer from periodontal diseases than the vitamin D-sufficient group (
) (OR, 6.66; 95% CI, 1.004~44.19). The above-mentioned findings ascertained that vitamin D had a significant negative correlation to periodontal diseases among the post-menopausal women including the women who underwent bilateral ovariectomy. This finding should be taken into account in terms of the prevention and management of periodontal diseases.
Applicability Evaluation of Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence-Digital and Cariview in Cries Prediction Study
Lee, Su-Young ; Lim, Soon-Ryun ; Bae, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 403~409
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between caries experience, Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence-Digital (QLF-D) redings and new caries activity test (Cariview) results in preschool children. Fifty-seven healthy kindergarten children (male 28, female 29) were participated this study. The calibrated dentist investigated the caries experience of children and new caries activity test. Cariview samples were incubated in the activated medium at
for 48 hours. All QLF-D taking and readings were performed by one experienced and trained operator under identical conditions in a dental unit chair located in a darkened room. Analysis range was limited to the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth. QLF-D redings (white spot and dental plaque) were analysed using QLF system. The dft index had a relatively high correlation with the QLF-D redings (white spot: r=0.617, simple plaque score: r=0.500) (p<0.01). Also, there was significant correlation between dft index and the Cariview score (r=0.286) (p<0.05). However, the Cariview score had no significant correlation between dt index and ft index (p>0.05). QLF-D can be evaluated objectively the initial caries lesions and dental plaque correlated with caries experience. Therefore, QLF-D will be useful to the study of caries prediction.
A Study on Awareness and Degree of Practice about Infection Control by Dental Hygienics Student's in Some Ares
Han, Ok-Sung ; Lee, Jae-Ra ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 410~417
This research surveyed 324 college students majored dental hygiene in Gwangju and Chonnam province to analyze their awareness and degree of practice about infection control. Through the study for recognition about infectious disease related with the grade, the sophomore students are the group who is the most aware. In addition, the study shows students who experienced teeth cleaning have high degree of awareness (p<0.05). The research of perception about infectious disease based on experiences for vaccinations and education about infection prevention says hepatitis B has the highest rate when it comes to level of occurrence risk and tuberculosis and acquired immune deficiency syndrome are the lowest (p<0.05). According to the research, the group who had vaccination, knowledge about infection prevention and experience for scaling shows high practice rate for hand washing according to whether students receive protective inoculation or not. Depending on what the result were, since student learned about infection control has high degree of recognition and practice about infection management if we could emphasize the importance to students through regulative education about infection control and then increase the degree of practice, it would make big contributions to the effective infection control.
The Relationship between Life Style and Periodontal Health Status
Ryu, Hae-Gyum ; Lee, Jung-Hwa ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 418~425
This study was investigated in order to provide basic data for prevention of periodontal disease and maintenance through proper lifestyle by finding the relevance of periodontal health with lifestyle habits. Data were collected from total of 326 subjects in their forties and fifties by using questionnaire and examination of periodontal health status. Results were analyzed by using IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0. The smoking status were statistically significant to gingival index (p<0.01), pocket depth (p<0.001), and clinical attachment loss (p<0.001). Smoking amount per day were statistically significant to gingival index (p<0.05), pocket depth (p<0.01), and clinical attachment loss (p<0.001). Duration of smoking were statistically significant to gingival index (p<0.05), pocket depth (p<0.01), and clinical attachment loss (p<0.001). Drinking cycle were statistically significant to gingival index (p<0.05), and clinical attachment loss (p<0.05). It is investigated that smoking (p<0.05) influence on clinical attachment loss. Dental care institute needs to make patients be aware of the fact that excessive smoking and drinking affect the periodontal health status for prevention of periodontal disease and maintenance of oral health. Therefore systematic educational programs to stop smoking and drinking should be prepared.
Association of Oral Health Condition between Mothers and Their Preschool Children in Korea
Cheon, Sae-Hee ; Jeong, Seong-Hwa ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 426~433
The objective of this study was to examine whether there is an association of oral health conditions between mothers and their preschool children in Korea. A sample of 823 preschool children and their mothers were selected for this study from the database of the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition examination Survey. Preschool children were defined as children aged 4, 5, and 6 years old. The subjects were clinically examined for the presence of caries lesions (dft index) and their mother was checked for the presence of dental caries (DMFT index) and periodontal status (CPI). The socio-demographic characteristics and mother's oral health behaviours were considered covariates in this study. Univariate and multivariate analysis was adapted to assess the association of oral health condition between mothers and their preschool children. In univariate analysis, there were significant differences between preschool children's dft index and their mother's age (p=0.005), dental treatment demand for the past one year (p=0.034), and DMFT index (p=0.016). In multivariate analysis, only mother's DMFT index was significantly associated with their children's dft index after adjusting for covariates. In conclusion, the mother's oral health was partly associated with their preschool children's oral health in Korea.
Comparative Study of Dental Plaque Reduction according to Various Mouthwashes Using Quantitative Light Induced Fluorescence-Digital
Lee, Sae-Rom ; Kim, Jae-Hong ; Huh, Sungyoon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 434~439
This study was conducted to compare the dental plaque reduction using various mouthwashes with Quantitative Light induced Fluorescence-Digital (QLF-D). A survey on 20 students was carried out. The students who were at Shingu College. Experimental group was gargled 20 ml of Listerine during 30 seconds and 15 ml of Hexamedine during 60 seconds. Control group was gargled distilled water during 30 second. The data were analyzed with t-test using SPSS 20.0 program. The ratios of control group and experimental group were reduced. Degree of
Listerine group was a significant difference (p>0.05). Degree of Simple Plaque Score and
Hexamedine group was a significant difference (p>0.05). There was no significant difference in the distilled water gargle group (p<0.05). The result of this study has the effect of two mouthwashes reduced dental plaque. The evaluation data of this study will be used in clinical application and research about QLF-D.
The Effects of Perceived Stress on Dietary Habits and Oral Health Behaviors in Korean Adolescents
Lee, Min-Young ; Choi, Eun-Mi ; Chung, Won-Gyun ; Son, Jung-Hui ; Chang, Sei-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 440~448
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of perceived stress on dietary habits and oral health behaviors in Korean adolescents. Data were from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS) in 2011. A total of 74,186 adolescents were surveyed using the self-administered questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were performed to elucidate the effects of perceived stress on dietary habits and oral health behaviors. Statistical analyses were conducted, and p<0.05 were considered significant. We found that adolescents with higher stress were more likely to increase the risk of adverse dietary habits (low consumption of fruits, vegetables and milk, high consumption of carbonated soft drinks, fast food and cookie) compared to those with lower stress. Regarding the relationship between perceived stress and oral health behaviors, adolescents with higher stress were less likely to practice oral health behaviors such as brushing teeth after snack consumption and brushing teeth before sleep compared to those with lower stress. This result indicates that adolescents' perceived stress might play a significant role in the negative dietary habits and oral health behavior.
A Qualitative Study on the Change Process of Oral Health Behaviors Using the Stages of Change and Motivational Components
Bae, Soo-Myoung ; Shin, Bo-Mi ; Shin, Sun-Jung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 449~460
This study analyzes the processes of change in oral health behaviors induced by oral health education for 23 university students. To this end, we analyzed the changing patterns of the stages of change and motivational components for each oral health behavior. Additionally, we performed an in-depth interview-based investigation of the factors influencing such motivational components. Oral health education was performed twice with a concrete purpose of changing the participants' behaviors in complying with the practice of proper brushing and flossing as the main oral health management, and checking the nutrient facts as a good dietary habit. Upon completion of these two sessions of oral health education, the level of change in oral health behavior was assessed by measuring the stages of change and motivational components for each oral health behavior. In order to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons for the changes that were demonstrated more markedly during the second education session than during the first session, collective interview surveys were carried out after the second session. The contents of the recorded interviews were categorized into subscales of distinctive concepts on the basis of the items of a health behavior model. The study had the findings as below. First, after the first and second education sessions, some behaviors showed positive changes from lower to higher levels of practice. Second, self-efficacy about oral health behavior was high or perceived barriers were low when its necessity and benefits were clearly perceived. Third, educational features such as the practice and participation-centered education, and examining their own oral conditions influenced the participants' oral health awareness and behavioral changes. There is a need for oral health education capable of leading to practical behavioral changes by establishing concrete strategies of deriving various motivational components at each stage of the processes of change.
Comparison of Anticariogenic Effect after Applying Fluoride Varnish on Sound and Artificial Caries Enamel
Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Lim, Ji-Hyang ; Min, Ji-Hye ; Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Son, Jung-Hui ; Lim, Do-Seon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 461~470
In order to examine the anticariogenic effect after fluoride varnish was applied to sound enamel and artificial caries enamel, anterior teeth of healthy cattle were used and divided into four groups such as group 1 (sound enamel), group 2 (application of fluoride varnish to sound enamel), group 3 (artificial caries enamel) and group 4 (application of fluoride varnish to artificial caries enamel). Remineralization on the surface of enamel and changes of crystalline structure after demineralization were observed by using a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). Quantitative analysis of Ca and P was measured by using the energy dispersive X-ray spectrophotometer (EDS). The following conclusions were obtained: 1)Surface pattern of enamel was the roughest in group 3 due to the defects caused by porosity and microcracks. Group 4, group 1 and group 2 were followed in order; 2) It was found that pattern of crystalline structures in a group of application of fluoride varnish and a group of no application showed bigger change in artificial caries enamel than that in sound enamel. In other words, groups 4 and 1 showed a similar pattern; 3) The contents of Ca and P were higher in groups of application of fluoride varnish (group 2 and group 4) than in groups of no application of fluoride varnish (group 1 and group 3). Taken results of this study together, in the case of application of fluoride varnish, crystalline structure was changed by remineralization even in the sound enamel. In particular, porous structures showed a smooth and uniform pattern due to the recalcification in the artificial caries enamel. In addition, according to results of EDS analysis, the contents of Ca and P were increased and it had great anticariogenic effects which inhibit decalcification of sound enamel and artificial caries enamel.
A Study of the Relation of Stress to Oral Parafunctional Habits of Male High School Students
Jung, Yu Yeon ; Hong, Jin Tae ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 471~479
This study is trying to grasp the stress of the male high school students and the correlation between the stress according to the academic and economic level and oral parafunctional habits, emphasizing the need for the education of oral parafunctional habits, providing the basic data in order to accomplish correctly until the oral health of the oral maxillofacial region. From May 2013 till July 2013, a self administered survey was conducted by the selected by convenience sampling from subjects of 1, 2 grade of two high school located in Chungnam, Korea. The study results were as follow: 1) Among five areas of stress, the stress of school life was the highest as 2.11 points and the stress of home problem was the lowest as 1.51 points; 2) the stress by class showed that grade 2 was higher than grade 1 in all areas. The stress of the school life (2.21) (p<0.01), interpersonal relationship (p<0.01), and own problem (p<0.05) showed the significant difference; 3) The significance analysis results between the five areas of stress according to the stress of latent variable and the oral parafunctional habits all showed the significant difference (p<0.001). The correlation between the stress and the oral parafunctional habits showed a weak negative correlation as -0.30, and the stress of the school life, own problem, environment problem, and interpersonal relationship showed very strong correlations more than 0.7; 4) Fit measures test result of stress, academic level, and family economic level model all showed more than 0.9 in good of fit index, adjusted goodness of fit index, normed fit index and root mean square residual and root mean square error of approximation values is all estimated less than 0.1, so it showed good model. From this study, it can be concluded that there is the correlation between stress and oral parafunctional habits.
Factors Which Affect the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life of Workers
Lee, Da-In ; Han, Su-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 480~486
The purpose of the study is to understand the relation with the factors which affect the oral health-related quality of life and to investigate the oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior and self-perceived oral symptoms and the oral health-related quality of life (oral health impact profile, OHIP-14) among workers. The study performs self-administered questionnaires survey from March 26 to April 30, 2013, among workers in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Incheon with the convenience sampling and finally analyzes 398 questionnaires. The study performs the path analysis to analyze the impact of the knowledge, attitude, behavior and self-perceived oral symptoms on the oral health-related quality of life and the correlation among these variables. The analysis result shows that the self-perceived oral symptoms affects the OHIP-14 the most and the oral health behaviors shows indirect effects. The factor which affects the self-perceived oral symptoms is the oral health behaviors and the oral health knowledge and attitude show indirect effect. Oral health knowledge and attitude are important factors in the oral health behaviors and the knowledge is important in the oral health attitude. First, it is required to develop and apply the oral health promotion program of workers including oral health education program to upgrade the oral health behavior, as well as oral examination and treatment program to reduce the self-perceived oral symptoms to improve the oral health-related quality of life of workers.
Shear Bond Strength of Veneering Ceramic and Zirconia Core according to the Surface Treatments
Sin, Cheon-Ho ; Hwang, Seong-Sig ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 487~492
This study aimed to illuminate the correlatives between the surface processing of Zirconia core and the shear bond strength. The specimens were made by precipitating for two minutes in color liquid and drying to produce a colored Zirconia core following the manufacturer's instructions. The specimens were divided into 4 subgroups according to the surface treatment-sandblasted+liner treatment, SLT group; sandblasted treatment, ST group; liner treatment, LT group; non treatment (control), NT group. The specimens were put on the device with regard to ISO/TS 11405, then tested the shear bond strength with 1 mm shearing speed per minute using the Instron multi-purpose tester. The collected data was analysed by one way ANOVA and t-test. After applying the liner and sandblast to the Zirconia core, shear bond strength value were SLT (23.19 MPa), ST (21.17 MPa), LT (20.53 MPa) and NT (16.46 MPa) in the order. There was a significant difference in the surface roughness between NT and ST group (p<0.001), and in the compressive shear bond strength between NT and SLT group (p<0.05). Therefore, sandblasted plus liner treatment on pre-sintered substructure increased the bond strength of veneering ceramic, compared with other surface treatments.
Oral Health Status of Some Patients with Chronic Mental Illness in Korea
Seo, Hye-Yeon ; Jeon, Hyun-Sun ; Park, Su-Kyung ; Park, Ki-Chang ; Chung, Won-Gyun ; Mun, So-Jung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 493~500
The study aims to determine the status of oral health of mental illness patients and establish the preliminary data. The examinations and questionnaire survey were done 92 psychiatric patients to measure sociodemographic characteristics, decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index, patient hygiene performance (PHP) index, community periodontal index of treatment need (CPITN). Result of the missing teeth index in the state of oral health was higher in the hospital group (6.42) while the filled teeth index was higher in the center group (4.78). In the DMFT index, mental illness patients were higher than the national sample. The oral health status of medical aid recipients was poorer as the subjects were older and less educated (p<0.05). The PHP index was 3.41, close to the bad oral hygiene state. The hospital group (81.7%) required higher need for periodontal treatment. The periodontal health state was much poorer especially when the subject was in the age of 40's and 60's, received less education, and had no family (p<0.05).
was higher in the hospital group (13.3%) than the national sample (5.7%). The mental illness patients were socially vulnerable, therefore oral health care program should be needed and age, education level, health insurance type, presence of family and other factors needs to be considered in this approach.
Effect of Oral Healthcare Program of Exemplary Kindergartens for Prevent the Dental Caries in Incheon City, Korea
Ahn, Se-Youn ; Hwang, Yoon-Sook ; Han, Su-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 501~509
The purpose of the study is to confirm the effect of the oral health management program in exemplary kindergartens for prevent the dental caries. The study performs the survey on the parents about the changes in the oral health behaviors after the oral health education in April 2012 and measures the patient hygiene performance (PHP) index before the education, after the education and 3 weeks after the education to assess the removal capability to plaque on the teeth surface for the children. The analysis is performed on 130 people who join the program and respond the survey. There is no change in the behavior related to the tooth brushing of children after the oral health education. No change is found from the interest in the oral health education (p>0.05) but the recognition in the importance of the tooth positively change, as well as recognition of the tooth brushing method and the reaction to recommending to tooth brushing. The PHP index of children is significantly improved from 3.87 before the education through 2.71 after the education and 3.27 3 weeks after the education (p<0.001). The observation from the patents shows that their children have interest in preventing the cavities including 33.1% after having xylitol and 60.7% after the oral health education. In conclusion, the study confirms the effect of the oral health management program in exemplary kindergartens to prevent the cavities, meaning that it is required to activate the programs and keep implementing the programs including providing xylitol and education for teachers, parents and children to habituate the oral health behavior of the children and completely learn toothbrushing method under continuous management and reeducation.
Factors Influencing Problem Solving Ability among Dental Hygiene Students
Yu, Ji-Su ; Hwang, Su-Hyun ; Choi, Yu-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 510~517
This study was carried out in order to be utilized as basic data necessary for developing dental hygiene curriculum by confirming the difference in propensity level and the variables of having influence upon problem-solving ability of dental hygiene students and by grasping influence of relevant variables at the point of time that requires arrangement of a learning system for promoting problem solving ability aiming to train talents who have ability available for performing successful practical affairs. The influence of factors upon the problem solving ability had statistically significant relationship with academic year, interpersonal relations, school record, and major satisfaction. According to academic year, the problem solving ability of sophomore (B=-0.182, p=0.010) was shown the lower tendency than junior. The problem solving ability was lower in when being bad (B=-0.349, p=0.020) compared to when being good as for interpersonal relations, in when the mark is under 3.0 (B=-0.328, p=0.004) than over 4.0 as for academic achievement, and in when being dissatisfied (B=-0.483, p=0.005) than when being satisfied as for the major satisfaction. Hence, to train competent people who have ability available for performing successful practical affairs, the education is considered to be likely needed that has substantial problem solving ability for reinforcing problem solving ability by grasping a learning problem oneself without the differentiated curriculum, by establishing an alternative plan for solving problem, and by searching for and acquiring necessary data according to factors of having influence upon problem solving ability of dental hygiene students.
A Case Study on Implementation of a School-Based Tooth Brushing Program in Gangneung City, Korea
Shin, Sun-Jung ; Shin, Bo-Mi ; Bae, Soo-Myoung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 518~527
In 2011, South Korea's Ministry of Health and Welfare started a national tooth brushing room program without a pilot project. This study aimed to assess the effect of the implementation of this program in Gangneung, Korea. One-year outcomes of oral health behavior and self-reported oral symptoms in the study group after installation of the tooth brushing room were evaluated and compared with those of the control group using chi-square test. The prevalence rate of good self-rated oral health in grade 1-3 students increased from 35.7% immediately after installation to 48.9% after 6 months (p=0.031) compared to 37.3% in the control group (p=0.051). Immediately after installation of the tooth brushing room, 53.5% of grade 1-3 students in the study group brushed their teeth every day, but after 6 months, only 35.5% of students brushed daily (p<0.001) compared to 28.6% in the control group (p=0.007). The prevalence rate of bad breath in grade 1-3 students was 26.2% for the study group immediately after installation compared to 25.5% in the control group (p=0.065), but it declined 16.5% after 6 months (p=0.055). The prevalence rate of bad breath in grade 4~6 students was 14.7% for the study group after 6 months compared to 25.3% in the control group (p=0.016). We recommend the creation of a healthy school environment through a school-based tooth brushing program under the active supervision of classroom teachers and the continuous monitoring of program processes in order to promote children's oral health.