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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of dental hygiene science
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Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Change of Paradigms in Caries-Associated Bacteria in the Caries Process: Ecological Perspectives
Kim, Hee-Eun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 87~93
Dental plaque resides passively at a site and makes an active contribution to the maintenance of health. The bacterial composition of plaque remains relatively stable despite regular exposure to minor environmental stress. This stability, homeostasis is due to a dynamic balance of microbial interactions. However, the homeostasis can break down, leading to shifts in the balance of the microflora. This change can be a sign of initial dental caries. It is proposed that disease can be prevented or treated not only by targeting the putative pathogens but also by interfering with the processes that drive the breakdown in homeostasis. It is essential to understand the plaque as a mixed species biofilm. In this essay I reviewed an extension of the caries ecological hypothesis to explain the relation between dynamic changes in the phenotypic/genotypic properties of plaque bacteria and the demineralization and remineralization balance of the dental caries process. We will have the strategies to impact significantly on clinical practice as understanding dental biofilm.
Accuracy of Digital Impression Made from Different Elastomeric Impression Materials: Three-Dimensional Superimpositional Analysis
Kim, Ki-Baek ; Jung, Jae-Kwan ; Kim, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 94~100
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of digitized elastomeric impression materials of crown abutment, using non-contact white light scanner and virtual three-dimensional superimpositional analysis. The stone models and impressions were digitized white light scanner to create three-dimensional surface models. Stone models were used as CAD reference model (CRM). The resulting point clouds (ASC file) from digitization of impressions using converting software. Discrepancies between the points in the point clouds and CRM were measured by superimpositional software. Mean and standard deviation of values of discrepancies were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and multiple comparison (
). The mean discrepancy between the impressions for the extra-light body (XLB), light body (LB), and heavy body (HB) group were
, respectively. The different impression materials affected the digitization of impressions significantly (p<0.05). As a result, digitization of elastomeric impression materials on dental scanner was influenced by material sort.
The Effect of Osteoblast like Cell on Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Used in Current Clinical Practice
Park, Sang-Rye ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Choi, Byul Bo-Ra ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 101~106
In this study, we investigated the proliferative and adhesional effect of human osteoblast like MG-63 cell treated with low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). We tested the effectiveness of LIPUS in human osteoblast like MG-63 cells. Cell proliferation was measured using a water soluble tetrazolium salts-1 assay. The mRNA expression of alkaline phosphate, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), integrin alpha 2, colla 1A1 were performed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. LIPUS was no cytotoxicity in human osteoblast like MG-63 cells. In addition, the data show that treatment with 1 MHz and 3 MHz LIPUS on increased proliferation 7 days after. There were significant increased in mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, VEGF, integrin alpha 2 and colla 1A1 (p<0.05). Therefore, the LIPUS significantly increased differential expression of mRNA levels in osteoblast like MG-63 cell and new possibilities in dental clinical practice.
An Association of Periodontitis and Diabetes
Won, Jae-Hee ; Ha, Mi-Na ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 107~113
This study was conducted to evaluate the association between periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus. The final analysis population of this study was composed of 4,830 adults with diabetes mellitus or periodontal disease and aged 19 years or older, based on the third-edition data of the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (in 2009). Diabetic status and potential confounders were used in questionnaire materials and physical examination materials, and the presence of periodontal disease was used in the materials for oral health examination by a dentist. For diabetic status, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels <100 mg/dl were subcategorized into normal group and FPG levels
into impaired fasting glucose group; glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels <7% into normal group and HbA1c
into diabetes group, on the basis of the American Diabetes Association. According to the 2009 Korea Health Statistics, the case where the pocket depth is 3 mm or more was defined as periodontal disease. The association between the two diseases was evaluated through
-test and logistic regression analysis using R-commander 2.14. In impaired fasting glucose group, community periodontal index (CPI) groups 3 to 4 had higher risks for periodontal disease 1.23 times (95% confidence interval, 1.07~1.42) than those of CPI groups CPI 0~2, even after adjustment for several confounders. In addition, periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus showed statistically significant differences depending on age, sex, income level, educational background, smoking status, alcohol consumption, and snack intake. The analyses of the third-edition data of the 4th KNHANES showed that there was a statistically significant association between periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus as examined by means of CPI in this study.
Effect of Mediating Variable on the Relationship between Job Stress and Stress Response among Clinical Dental Hygienists
Choi, Ja-Hyeong ; Choi, Jun-Seon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 114~122
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of mediating variables on the relationship between job stress and stress response. A survey was conducted to 243 clinical dental hygienists from January 15, 2013 to March 20, 2013 and the data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The subjects who worked in poor working environment, had high level of role conflict and overload and aggressive nature showed high stress responsivity (p<0.01). The variable that showed mediation effect on the relationship between job stress and physical discomfort, depression was shown to be personality type (p<0.05). Also, the variable that showed mediation effect on the relationship between job stress and turnover intention was social support (p<0.05). According to the results, personality type and social support were shown to be important parameters when it came to the relationship between job stress and stress response. Therefore, in order to reduce negative outcomes caused by stress, it is suggested to provide an educational opportunity on self-control management while increasing social support from the organizational and structural level. Especially, it is asked to expand the system that provides encouragement and recognition to feel the sense of achievement in the course of their duty execution.
The Association between Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Periodontal Health: Finding from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008~2009
Kim, Jin Kyoung ; Baek, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Young-Eun ; Song, Keun-Bae ; Choi, Youn-Hee ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 123~131
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) or second hand smoke or passive smoking has become a well-known risk factor for various health hazards in nonsmoking adults as well as active smokers. In Korea, there have been few studies concerning about the impact of ETS on periodontal health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between exposure to passive smoking and prevalence of periodontitis using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2008 and 2009. The Fourth KNHANES data was employed from 2008~2009. The final sample size was 4,669 adults aged over 18 years, who were never-smoker and had the information about ETS both at home and in the workplace, urine analysis and periodontal examination by Community Periodontal Index (CPI). Periodontitis was defined as CPI codes
. Data were analyzed using PASW Statistics 18.0. The sociodemographic and behavioral factors were adjusted as confounders. Overall, 17.1% (male 16.4%, female 83.6%) of the participants were exposed to ETS. The mean concentration of cotinine in those exposed ETS was significantly higher than that in unexposed people (
, p<0.001). Participants exposed to ETS were more likely to have periodontitis than those unexposed after adjusting for potential confounding variables. ETS is associated with the prevalence of periodontitis in Korean adults. This may suggest that patients with periodontitis or periodontal surgery should be protected from smokers or smoking places.
Association between Perceived Periodontal Status and Sexual Function in Adult Men
Cheon, Sae Hee ; Jeong, Seong Hwa ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 132~139
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between perceived periodontal status and sexual function among adult men. Three hundred thirty adult male participated in this study living at Changwon and Jinju. All the participants surveyed the socio-demographic characteristics, perceived periodontal status, stress, and international index of erectile function (IIEF) using self-administrated questionnaire. The univariate and multivariate analyze were adapted to access the crude and adjusted associations using PASW Statistics 18.0. In univariate analysis, there were significant differences between perceived periodontal status and IIEF and most of socio-demographic characteristics (p<0.05), but no significant differences between stress and all of socio-demographic characteristics (p>0.05). The sexual function was negatively correlated with perceived periodontal status (r=-0.228, p<0.001) and stress (r=-0.257, p<0.001), respectively. In multivariate analysis, perceived periodontal status was significantly associated with sexual function (b=-0.889, p=0.030) after adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and stress. Therefore, it is found that perceived periodontal status negatively influenced on sexual function in adult men.
Effects on Bond Strength between Zirconia and Porcelain according to Etching Treatment and Low Temperature Degradation
Park, Jin-Young ; Kim, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Woong-Chul ; Kim, Ji-Hwan ; Kim, Hae-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 140~149
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of etching surface treatment and aging treatment of zirconia on the shear bond strength between zirconia core and veneered ceramic. Four groups of zirconia-ceramic specimens were prepared; 1) NEZ group (no etching zirconia), 2) EZ group (etching zirconia), 3) ANEZ group (aging and no etching zirconia), 4) AEZ group (aging and etching zirconia). The shear bond strength between zirconia and porcelain was measured using Instron Universal Testing Machine. Surface texture with crystalline structure of zirconia surface was examined by the field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) with ingredient analysis. The fractured surfaces of specimens were examined to determine the failure pattern by a digital microscope. The mean
standard deviation of shear bond strengths were
Mpa in NEZ,
Mpa in EZ,
Mpa in ANEZ,
Mpa in AEZ group, respectively, and were significantly different (p<0.05). The average shear bond strength was largest in EZ group, followed by AEZ, NEZ, and ANEZ groups. Most specimens in NEZ group showed adhesive failure and most specimens in EZ, AEZ, and ANEZ group showed mixed failure. Surface of etching treatment group (EZ and AEZ) showed complex micro-structure and irregular surface texture which may facilitate mechanical interlocking, while untreated zirconia surface presented simpler micro-structure. In conclusion, an etching treatment improved bonding strength between zirconia and porcelain by forming mechanical interlocking.
Assessment of Clinical Applicability of a New Plaque Scoring System Using Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence-Digital
Hwang, Hye-Rim ; Cho, Young-Sik ; Kim, Baek-Il ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 150~157
The aim of this study was to suggest a convenient method of monitoring the gingival state through plaque detection. Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence-Digital (QLF-D), which can assess mature plaque, can be used to assess the oral hygiene status of individuals and to establish an adequate intervention plans for them. The subjects of the study participated in the clinical training at Department of Dental Hygiene, N University. The subjects completed questionnaires on general characteristics and oral hygiene methods. Then, photographs of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth of the subjects were taken using the QLF-D. After the oral examinations, gingival state was recorded according to the
& Silness's Gingival Index (GI). In addition, a plaque control record was calculated in percentage using disclosing agent. The analysis of the relation between the plaque control record and the QLF-D scores showed positive correlation (r=0.638, p<0.001), and the analysis of the relation between the QLF-D scores and the gingival bleeding index scores also showed positive correlation (r=0.562, p<0.001). Besides, the study classified the participants into healthy gingiva group and the gingivitis group according to the classification criteria of GI, and when the difference of QLF-D scores between the groups was analyzed, the QLF-D scores were statistically significantly higher (t=-2.785, p=0.007) in the gingivitis group (
) than the healthy gingiva group (
). When the differences in mean values of the QLF-D scores were analyzed against and the gingival bleeding index scores, the QLF-D scores of 0 and 1 belonged to the category of normal gingival state while the QLF-D scores of 2, 3 and 4 belonged to the category of gingivitis state. Therefore, it is deemed that the red fluorescence detected by the QLF-D from the mature supragingival plaque can be used for monitoring the state of gingivitis.
A Study of the Relation of Stress to Oral Health-Related of Life in Male High School Students of Chungnam
Jung, Yu Yeon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 158~166
This study is trying to grasp the stress of the male high school students and the correlation between the stress according to the oral health important cognitive and self-rated oral health status and number of brushing, emphasizing the need for the education of oral health important, providing the basic data in order to accomplish correctly until the enhance of oral health-related quality of the oral health correct behavior. From May to July 2013, a self administered survey was conducted by the selected by convenience sampling from subjects of two high school located in Chungcheongnam-do 1, 2 grade. The SPSS PASW Statistics 18.0 and Amos 5.0 program had been used for the statistical data analysis. The study results were as follow: 1) Among five areas of stress, the stress of school life was the highest as 2.11 points and the stress of home problem was the lowest as 1.51 points; 2) The significance analysis results between the five areas of stress according to the stress of latent variable and the oral health-related quality of life all showed the significant difference (p<0.001). 3) Oral health-related quality of life was higher as oral health important and self-rated oral health status positive. Furthermore oral health-related quality of life was higher as number of brushing increased; 4) Fit Measures test result of stress, academic level, and family economic level model all showed more than 0.9 in goodness of fit index (GFI), adjusted GFI, normed fit index and root mean square residual and root mean square error of approximation values is all estimated less than 0.1, so it showed good model. From this study, it can be concluded that there is the correlation between stress and oral health-related quality of life.
Relationship of Oral Health Behavior to Self-Efficacy among the Elderly
Noh, Eun-Mi ; Jeon, Eun-Suk ; Ko, Su-Youn ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 167~175
The purpose of this study is to identify general, physical, and social self-efficacy according to oral health behavior among the elderly and examine the factors affecting them. For this purpose, a survey was conducted in 500 persons aged 60 years or older residing in Daegu and North Gyeongsang Province from June 1 to August 30, 2013. With the exception of 73 questionnaires that were not completed or contained insincere responses, 427 copies (recovery rate: 85.4%) were analyzed, thus obtaining the following results: 1) In terms of the respondents' socio-demographic characteristics, those who were younger, who were more highly educated, who were married, and who got a larger amount of monthly pocket money showed higher general, physical, and social self-efficacy, with statistically significant differences (p<0.001). 2) The group with good oral health behavior showed higher general and social self-efficacy and that with an average level of oral health behavior showed higher physical self-efficacy, with significant differences (p<0.001). 3) The factor most influential on oral health behavior was general self-efficacy (
), followed by social self-efficacy (
), physical self-efficacy (
Willingness to Pay for Professional Tooth Cleaning in Implant Patients
Park, Kyung-Hwa ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ; Lee, Sun-Mi ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 176~182
This study aimed to arrive at reasonable and realistic prices for professional tooth cleaning (PTC) in order to expand its clinical utilization. The study involved 214 dental implant patients who received PTC. Cross-tabulation, one-way ANOVA, t-test, and stepwise multiple regression were performed for analysis. The mean satisfaction score was 4.60 points, and 92.5% of all subjects were willing to receive PTC consistently. The most common reason to receive PTC was a feeling of refreshment in 84.7%, and 84.1% were willing to pay for PTC. The mean willingness-to-pay price was 28,100 won, and the mode was 10,000 won. Willingness-to-pay price increased as average monthly income and satisfaction level for PTC were higher. The price also increased with age and was higher in women than men. Suggesting and settling reasonable and realistic prices for PTC are expected to be useful in maintaining the long-term health of the dental implant and reducing socio-economic costs.
Analysis of Smoking Characteristics and Oral Health Practice in Health and Non-Health Related Majors
Lee, Hyun-Ok ; Kim, Ah-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 183~190
The purpose of this study was to examine the smoking-related characteristics of health and non-health related majors and the relationship between the smoking dependence and oral health practice of college students. The subjects in this study were the college students who were selected by convenience sampling from four different universities in the city of Jeonju, North Jeolla Province. The answer sheets from 811 respondents were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: The rate of the smoker students whose major was related to health stood at 20.6 percent, and that of the smoker students whose major was not related to health stood at 29.4%. There were significant differences according to the track of their major (p<0.05). As for links between smoking dependence and a plan to quit smoking, 32.7% of the health-related majors who considered themselves to depend on smoking replied they would give up smoking if there would be a rise in cigarette price (p<0.005), and 37% of the nonhealth related majors who considered themselves to depend on smoking gave the same answer. Thus, the largest group of the students intended to quit smoking if there would be a rise in cigarette price, and there were statistically significant differences according to smoking dependence (p<0.05). Concerning connections between smoking dependence and actual oral health practice, the non-health related majors who didn't consider themselves to depend on smoking got 3.53 in the item whether they brushed their teeth twice or more a day (p<0.05). In conclusion, the development and implementation of systematic programs that are to teach students to stay away from or quit smoking and take care of their oral health regardless of their major are required to step up the oral health promotion of college students.
In-Vitro Whitening Efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide Strips with Primer
Kim, Jong-Hoon ; Moon, Kyo-Tae ; Kim, Ji-Hye ; Ahn, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 191~197
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tooth whitening efficacy of 2.9% hydrogen peroxide strip with primer gel of alkaline condition and containing metallic salts as catalyst in-vitro. Hydroxyapatite (HAP) disk was made by compressing and sintering 0.3 g of mixture of HAP powder and polyvinyl alcohol. This HAP disk was stained using modified Stookey's methods. Main bleaching materials were 2.9% hydrogen peroxide strips and the primer gel containing metallic salts as catalyst and pH controller. Stained HAP disks were allocated to each control or experimental groups by color grade. Stained HAP disks were treated for 30 minutes in
incubator for wetting, then each primer gel according to control or each test group was spread and strips were attached. After 30 minutes for each group strips were detached and HAP disks were washed, dried then color was measured by colorimeter. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing
values of HAP disks at baseline and after treated. Among some kinds of metallic salts for as catalyst, ferric chloride showed best improvement of efficacy and it was statistically significant (p<0.05) compared to control group. Evaluating whitening efficacy according to various pH of primer, efficacy using primer of alkaline condition was increased significantly (p<0.05) compared to control and primers of acidic or neutral conditions. Evaluating whitening efficacy for time course, efficacy of test group for 30 minutes was similar to that of control for 120 minutes. It can be concluded that 2.9% hydrogen peroxide strips using with primer of alkaline condition and containing ferric chloride showed significantly increased whitening efficacy compared to the case of strips only.
Validity and Reliability of the Assessment Tool for Measuring Communication Skills of Dental Hygienist
Moon, Hak-Jin ; Lee, Soo-Young ; Lim, Soon-Ryun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 198~206
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate tool for measuring the communication skills of dental hygienist. The survey was modified and revised to fit into Korean culture. Also the reliability and validity was tested in order to ensure the survey was properly evaluating communication skills of dental hygienists. A survey was conducted with outpatients in dental clinics located in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Daejeon area. The 483 answers out of the total collected answers were used for the final analysis of the study, using PASW Statistics 18.0 and IBM SPSS AMOS 7.0 to measure the validity and reliability. The factor analysis showed that the communication skill of the dental hygienists was composed of three elements, namely 'being caring and respectful' communications, 'sharing information' communications and 'tending to comfort' communications to reduce pain and anxiety. The validity of the model examined by a confirmatory factor analysis satisfied most of the relevant requirements. All of the factors had the conceptual reliability and variant extracted index above the minimum requirements, ensuring reliability and concentrated validity. Also, the value of the square of the correlations between all latent factors which was larger than the square of the correlation between all of the factors, thus proving the discriment validity. Cronbach's
was 0.8, which shows high reliability level. In conclusion, it was proven that dental hygienist's communication skill measurement tool has high validity and reliability. Further, this study can be used to improve dental hygienists' communication skills. Therefore, this will improve oral health of clients and manage them.
Relationship of Socioeconomic Status to Self-Rated Oral Health
Jung, Mee-Hee ; Kim, Song-Sook ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ; Ahn, Eunsuk ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 207~213
How to eliminate health disparity to ensure health equity is one of major issues that are handled across the world. The purpose of this study was to examine any possible differences in self-rated oral health state according to socioeconomic status and the relationship between the two based on the data of the 5th National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey of 2010~2012. As for differences in self-rated oral health state according to sociodemographic characteristics, the women considered themselves to be in poorer oral health than the men. The older respondents found themselves to be in poorer oral health, and there was a tendency that the respondents who were less educated and whose household income was smaller rated their own health as worse. When a logistic regression analysis was made to determine influential factors for self-rated oral health status, the women perceived they were in better oral health than the men did, and the better-educated respondents were more likely to consider themselves healthier. Concerning disparities in self-rated health state according to income level, there were broader differences in that regard according to an increase of income. The findings of the study illustrated that there was oral health inequity according to social stratum. It's required to make a nationwide effort to promote national oral health, and appropriate support should especially be provided for disadvantaged people at the same time in order to get rid of the gap in oral health among different social classes, as there is a yawning gap between them and the other classes.
The Effect in Oral Health Promotion Program Based on Community Networking for Elementary School Students from Community Child Center
Yum, Jong Hwa ; Kim, Hye-Jin ; Kwon, Myoung-Hwa ; Shin, Sun-Jung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 214~222
This study measures the effect of oral health promotion program based on community networking for elementary school students in community child center. The community networking were constructed of community health center, headquarters for community child center and school of dental hygiene in community. First, we were educated the student and teacher of community child center, separately. Community health center planned and evaluated the program, and school of dental hygiene ran the maintenance program once a month for 3 months and evaluated the program. The teacher of community health center were supported and monitored the children. The comparison was done in independent t-test of awareness, knowledge and behavior of children of community child center in both lower grades and upper grades and paired t-test of patient hygiene performance (PHP) index was conducted before and after oral health promotion program. As a result, PHP index and oral health knowledge increased significantly after oral health program in lower grades and upper grades (p<0.001). The positive attitude for oral health about "Whatever I do, my tooth-will be decayed" increased more in upper grades better than lower grades after oral health promotion program (p<0.05). We suggest that oral health program based on community networking should be constructed for oral health promotion of elementary school students in community child center.
The Effect of Polycan-Calcium Gluconate Complex on Inflammatory Mediators from Periodontitis Patients
Kim, Ji-Hye ; Kim, Ki-Rim ; Jin, Hye-Jung ; Im, Sang-Uk ; Song, Keun-Bae ; Choi, Youn-Hee ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 223~229
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of polycan-calcium gluconate complex on the levels of immune and inflammatory mediators in gingival crevicular fluid and serum from patients with periodontitis. A total of 39 patients with periodontitis took placebo (placebo group) or polycan-calcium gluconate complex (treatment group) twice a day for 4 weeks. At baseline and 4 weeks, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and blood was collected from each subjects. The secretion level of interleukin
in GCF was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot analysis was conducted to determine the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and tumor necrosis factor
in GCF. Serum samples were analysed for MMP-8 by ELISA and C-reactive protein (CRP) by turbidimetric immuno assay. MMP-8 and
were significantly decreased in the treatment group at 4 weeks. The level of
in the treatment group was significantly lower than those of the placebo group. No differences were observed in CRP levels. Taken together, these data indicate that taking of polycan-calcium gluconate complex led to reduction of inflammatory biomarkers in serum and GCF of periodontitis patients.
A Survey about the Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior for Radiation Safety Management of Operating Room Nurse and Dental Hygienists
Yoon, Jung-Ae ; Yoon, Young-Suk ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 230~239
This study is to promote awareness to be exposed to radiation with identifying knowledge, attitudes and behavior for radiation safety management of the operating room nurse and dental hygienist. And the following results were obtained through questionnaire survey to deduct the education to prevent potential risks in advance and implication to be useful on education program. First, based on the level of knowledge for radiation safety management, 10.57 for dental hygienists, 9.55 for the nurse out of 15 points (p<0.001); based on the level of attitudes for radiation safety management, 4.64 for dental hygienists, 4.67 for the nurse out of 5 points (p<0.001); and based on the level of behavior for radiation safety management, 3.27 for dental hygienists, 2.93 for the nurse out of 5 points (p<0.001). Second, the result for checking the relation with knowledge, attitudes and behavior for radiation safety management, the knowledge of radiation safety management has correlation with attitudes and behavior for radiation safety management statistically (p<0.001).
Anti-Inflammatory and Antioxidative Effects of Acaiberry in Formalin-Induced Orofacial Pain in Rats
Kim, Yun-Kyung ; Hyun, Kyung-Yae ; Lee, Min-Kyung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 240~247
Acaiberry (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) is widely diffused in amazon and is known that has high antioxidant capacity and potential anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate analgesic effects of acaiberry in formalin-induced orofacial pain through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate 4 (NOX4) pathway. Rats were divided into 5 groups (n=6); formalin (5%,
), formalin after saline (vehicle) or acaiberry (16, 80, 160 mg/kg, intraperitoneally). The nociceptive response was investigated all of groups, p38 MAPK or NOX4 were analysed at dose of 80 mg/kg of acaiberry in rat's medulla oblongata and adrenal gland. Results indicated that acai berry produced analgesic effect in a dose-dependent manner and significantly reduced formalin-induced nociceptive response at 15~40 min. Acaiberry (80 mg/kg) decreased the increased p38 MAPK activation and NOX4 expression in medulla oblongata and adrenal gland. Based on these results, acaiberry is believed to be useful for modulation of orofacial pain and its treatments because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects.
An Analysis on Elementary School Students' Oral Health Knowledge and Education Effect in School-Based Oral Health Clinic
Yang, Jin-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 248~255
The objective of the paper is to analyze the extent to which elementary school students acquired, perceived, and practiced oral health knowledge provided by an elementary school-based oral health clinic (SBOHC). It is respectively investigated by gender and year of school. The paper will be relevant for developing specified oral health programs in elementary SBOHCs. By choosing three elementary schools that operate SBOHC in the school district of Daejeon Metropolitan City from April 11 to April 30, 2013, a self-administered questionnaire was given out to be answered directly by 350 students in the 4th, 5th, and 6th grades and their responses were collected. Of the collected responses, 326 responses were explored by using the SPSS 12.0. Those students' scores of oral health knowledge are found to be statistically meaningful for school year, not for gender. In them are included correct tooth brushing time, dental caries symptoms, gum disease symptoms, and correct tooth brushing method. Change in tooth brushing method after oral health education showed the statistically meaningful difference for gender and school year. In conclusion, every SBOHC should develop a variety of specified educational programs that depend on gender and grade in each elementary school.
The Relationship among Burnout, Compassion Fatigue, Compassion Satisfaction and Social Support of Clinical Dental Hygienists
Han, Yang-Keum ; Kim, Han-Hong ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 256~263
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among burnout, compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and social support of clinical dental hygienists. The subjects in the study were 313 dental hygienist who were randomly selected in dental clinic and hospital, which were located in Daejeon, South and North Chungcheong province. Data were gathered using structured questionnaires from June 17 to July 31, 2013. The major findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for burnout by general characteristics, there were statistically significant difference according to age, marital status, clinical career, agency work type and job position. 2. The relationship of burnout and other variables was analyzed, and compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, and compassion satisfaction and social support had negative effects on burnout. 3. As a result of analyzing which variables affected burnout, it's found that burnout were under the influence of agency work type, compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and social support. These variables made a 56.9% prediction of burnout. These findings provide strong empirical evidence for the importance of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and social support in explaining burnout of clinical dental hygienists. Therefore, the effective human resource management programs should be developed to consideration with the dental hygienist work environment and the quality of service.
Foreign Body Aspiration during Dental Treatment in the Disabled Patient
Shim, Su-Hyun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 264~268
There are a lot of dental emergency situation. Especially on disabled or pediatric patient with negative behavior, accidental aspiration or ingestion of foreign body (ex: dental instrument) is one of the common accidents in dental procedure. Dentists and dental hygienists must have knowledge about the precaution and be ready to deal with foreign body aspiration during dental treatment, especially on the disabled. This is a case of an accident during the dental treatment of 14-year-old female patient with cerebral palsy. During scaling, prolonged retained primary tooth which had resorbed roots was fell into left bronchi. So we tried to remove the crown by endotracheal approach. Most ingested foreign bodies pass through the gastrointestinal tract spontaneously, but some of them need endoscopic or surgical removal. Moreover aspiration into broncho-trachea can be more serious events and must be treated as emergency situation.