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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of dental hygiene science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials: The Reporting Guideline for Randomized Controlled Trials
Jung, Hoi-In ; Kim, Hee-Eun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 269~275
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.269
Recently, there are lots methodologies to improve the quality of research in medical and public health fields. One of them is to checking a process of research with a reporting guideline before reporting paper. Especially, reporting guideline for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is the consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT). Therefore, this review describes the latest version of the CONSORT statement, CONSORT 2010, including intent, background, and contents of this. The CONSORT statement comprises a checklist of essential items that should be included in reports of RCTs and a diagram for documenting the flow of participants through a trial. This report guideline aims at providing guidance to authors about how to improve the reporting of their trials. As consulting the CONSORT, authors could be strictly reported about research methods and results. From this review, we expect to elevate the quality of such research about dental hygiene and to establish the foundation for evidence-based dental hygiene.
The Professionalization of American Dental Hygienist
Kim, Hyeong-Mi ; Lim, Soon-Ryun ; Bae, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 276~286
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.276
In 2013, dental hygienist is in its 100th year. As Dr. Fones opened two year dental hygiene training program at Bridgeport Junior College in 1913. 'Dental Hygienist', the profession that specializes in oral disease prevention and health science, was first used. Since 'Dental Hygienist' was first introduced in the States, looking back through the America's development of dental hygienist would be the basis of checking development process of the international dental hygiene system and comparing the system of each country. This study focused on the contemplation of how America's dental hygienist became professional through 'development of dental hygienist', 'development of dental hygiene education system', 'development of dental hygienist's license and related qualification system', 'Dental hygienist laws and ethics', and 'dental hygienists' role and scope'. America's dental hygienist has requirements to become professional and also dental hygienist is socially recognized as professional. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the process of American dental hygienist professionalization. Thus, references and literature were gathered and analyzed.
The Effect of Oral Health Care Program Based on Motivational Interviewing
Han, Ye-Seul ; Bae, Hyun-Sook ; Cho, Young-Sik ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 287~294
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.287
The purpose of this study is to use basic data of dental hygiene curriculum with a new technique called motivational interviewing of communication skill to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method of oral health care. In this study, we performed oral health care program that has been made in dental hygiene department to university students. It was assigned to the control group and 66 and 32 experimental group based on the date of the first visit time. It conducted motivational interviewing of a total of three times in the experimental group. The analytical results of the measurements obtained in the oral examination and questionnaires. The results were as follows: The experimental group measured value was reduced after the intervention compared to before the PSR to evaluate the state of periodontal, gingival index, calculus index, plaque control record (PCR; O'Leary plaque index), simple plaque scor of Quantitative Light Induced Fluorescnece Digital measurement value (p<0.05). Experimental group decreased more and more the result of changes in the reduction of the average of the PCR. But control group was reduced to 3 weeks and increased back to the middle 16 weeks. There was also support interaction between the measurement point and the groups (p<0.05). Re-visit adherence of fit, 12.1% in the control group, the experimental group was 43.7% in the period of participation in the oral health care program. Thus, visit adherence of the experimental group was higher. In this study, a group that has motivational interviewing, It was able to confirm the improvement of oral health state. Discussion of the motivational interviewing can be applied to oral health care program.
Factors That Affect the Level of Emotional Labor in Dental Hygienists
Choi, Hye-Jeong ; Bang, Hyo-Jung ; Chung, Eun-Young ; Seo, Young-Jun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 295~301
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.295
This research purports to find out the factors that affect the level of emotional labor in dental hygienists. Data were collected from 204 dental hygienists working at 5 university hospitals and 55 dental clinics through self-administered questionnaire, and analyzed by statistical analysis using t-test, ANOVA, and regression analysis. The main findings of the study are as follows: First, the higher the educational level of dental hygienists, and the bigger the size of dental institutions they work, the higher the level of emotional labor of dental hygienists. Second, patient and environmental factors were found to have significant effects on the level of emotional labor. The above results imply that managers should try to make the workplace better environment which can secure appropriate workload and rewards, and support for work related education programs etc. It is also needed to educate the patients in order to prevent unnecessary conflicts between the patients and dental hygienists.
Comparison of Quality of Life for Oral Health between Dental Hygiene Students and Non-Dental Hygiene Students in Some Areas by Using Oral Health Impact Profile-14
Cho, Minjeong ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 302~310
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.302
The purpose of this study is to compare the quality of life for oral health between dental hygiene students and non-dental hygiene students in some areas and to analyze the factors affecting on it by using oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14). This study was carried out by surveys. Subjects for study were 248 undergraduate students, subjectively recognized oral health condition by subjects were periodontal disease and bad breath, and non-dental hygiene students recognized statistically significantly higher than dental hygiene students (p<0.001). Among the detail factors of OHIP-14, factor of decreased social ability was the lowest impact factor (p<0.01). The most influential factor on OHIP-14 was gender and age, grade of school and alcohol intake were influential in order (p<0.01).
Relationship of Early Childhood Caries and the Influential Factor of Mothers in Children under 6 Years Old
Kim, Young-Sun ; Kim, Jung-In ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 311~318
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.311
The purpose of this study was to look into the perception, experience, treatment of early childhood caries (ECC) and influential factors of perception in order to provide basic data useful for preventing the ECC by examining the relationship between oral health of young children in infancy and mother. In this study, 277 mothers were surveyed who had children in children under 6 years old and visiting the pediatrics, day care center, and pediatric dental clinics located in Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do from July 10, 2013 to September 5 of the same year. The results obtained from the survey were analyzed through chi-square test, t-test, and binary logistic regression analysis by using the SPSS 18.0, a statistical program. The results of analysis showed that ECC in children under 6 years old was associated with mother's age, education background of mothers, number of children and monthly income and had a significant correlation with mother's oral health-related knowledge and oral health care of their children. Thus, it would be necessary to develop oral health education programs and implement such oral health education programs at a national level on a regular basis for the mothers of young children in infancy and would-be mothers in order to reduce the ECC in infancy and promote oral health.
Concentrations and Irradiation Lights on the Photocatalytic Reaction for Inhibiting Growth of Streptococcus mutans
Kang, Si-Mook ; Lee, Hae-Na ; Kim, Hee-Eun ; Kim, Baek-Il ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 319~324
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.319
The aim of this study was to evaluate influences of titanium dioxide (
) concentrations and irradiation times on growth of Streptococcus mutans when irradiated by visible light (405 nm wavelength) and by ultraviolet light (254 nm wavelength). To find the optimal antibacterial concentration of
, 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 mg/ml
suspension was prepared with sterilized distilled water. S. mutans cultured media was added to
solution to set the final cell count to
. The photocatalytic reaction was induced by irradiating 254 nm and 405 nm lights for 10 minutes. To compare the bactericidal activities according to irradiation times, all photocatalytic reaction was carried out with 0.1 mg/ml
for 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 minutes with both lights. After the photocatalytic reaction,
of the reaction mixture was immediately plated on brain heart infusion agar. These plates were placed at 5%
, for 24 hours and the bacterial colonies were counted. All experiments were performed in quintuplicate. One-way ANOVA was used to determine whether there were any significant differences between the
concentrations or the irradiation times. The most effective concentration of
for its photocatalytic bactericidal effect on S. mutans was 0.1 mg/ml when irradiated with 254 nm and 405 nm lights. The longer the irradiation time, the bigger the bactericidal effect for both wavelengths. Over 99% of bacteria in the inoculum were killed after irradiation with 254 nm for 20 minutes and with 405 nm for 40 minutes. In conclusion, a photocatalytic reaction of
induced by visible light of 405 nm constitutes the bactericidal effect on S. mutans.
A Study on the Self Perceived Fatigue of Dental Hygiene Students in Clinical Practice
Han, Se-Young ; Han, Yang-Keum ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 325~331
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.325
The purpose of this study was to examine the self-perceived fatigue among 262 dental hygiene students, who have recently experienced clinical practice. In this study, a structured self-reported questionnaire was used to assess and analyze the severity of fatigue among the population. This study was performed from January to September in 2013 to effectively encompass clinical practice. The results are as follows: The self-perceived fatigue of the subjects was significantly higher in a subjective unhealthy group than a subjective healthy group (p=0.000), in a group that was unsatisfied with their program than a group that was satisfied with it (p=0.000), in a group that had dissatisfaction in clinical practice than a group that had satisfaction with it (p=0.000), in a group that had over five weekly of clinical practice than a group that didn't (p=0.000), in a group that had more than 100 patients a day than a group that didn't (p=0.000), in a group that had conflicts between fellow staff than those who didn't (p=0.000), in a group that did not exercise regularly than a group that did (p=0.016). The result of using multiple regression analysis revealed that the variable factors affecting the degree of the self-perceived fatigue were; subjective health status, satisfaction with a clinical practice, the length of clinical practice, the number of patients, and staff conflicts. These variable factors have the explanatory power of 44.5%. In conclusion, to decrease fatigue and allow students in clinical practice to perform effectively, clinical practice educators need to actively participate as a community and develop programs that will decrease the fatigue of students. In addition, in-depth research is needed on the effects of outside factors and variables affecting fatigue.
A Six-Year Study of Relationship between Academic Performance in Dental Hygiene School and Performance on the Korean Dental Hygiene Licensing Examination at Yonsei University
Mun, So-Jung ; Noh, Hie-Jin ; Jeon, Hyun-Sun ; Heo, Ji-Eun ; Chung, Won-Gyun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 332~341
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.332
This study was aimed to define the predicting factor account for the Korean Dental Hygienist Licensing Examination (KDHLE) by analyzing the academic grade score and the KDHLE score. The subjects included 185 graduates (2007, 2009, 2011~2014 graduates). The ratio of successful applicants of the subjects was 99.2%. The academic grade scores were calculated to grade point average, the KDHLE was scoring marks out of 300 (200 of written examination score and 100 of performance evaluation score) for correlation and regression analysis. The graduation grades and comprehensive examination scores correlated significantly with the KDHLE written examination scores (correlation coefficient=0.612), and KDHLE total score (correlation coefficient=0.258). First~third grade score and comprehensive examination scores correlated significantly with KDHLE total scores (p<0.05). Especially, there are the highest correlated between second comprehensive examination scores and KDHLE total scores (correlation coefficient=0.455), the last score in time sequence is the important factors account for the KDHLE total score. But there is no correlation between academic grade score and KDHLE performance evaluation scores, therefore it is necessary to study for determine the reason. The results of multiple linear regression analysis, second grade score and the average score of comprehensive examination were the main predicting factors account for the KDHLE total score, the explanatory power was 31.6%. Our results show that KDHLE total and written examination scores are predicted by the academic grade score reliably, but not the KDHLE performance evaluation scores. Further studies are needed to determine relationship between dental hygiene education and KDHLE.
Effectiveness of Incremental School Oral Health Program at Primary School in Some Regions of Gimje
Kim, Mi-Jeong ; Lim, Cha-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 342~348
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.342
This study was carried out an elementary school located in B-myeon and K-myeon of Gimje. One school (test group) with a school oral health care office and three schools (control group) without school oral health care offices were selected as sample schools. The dental caries prevention effects were compared between third to sixth graders who received benefits of the school continued oral health management program of K health office in Gimje, and first and second graders who did not receive the benefits due to the suspension of the program. The decayed, missing, and filled (DMF) rate, that received the benefits of the program, the test group was 58.9% and the control group was 76.1%, showing significant difference (p<0.05). For the DMF teeth (DMFT) rate, the who received benefits from the program, the test group was 41.1% and the control group was 64.2%, showing significant difference (p<0.01). For the DMFT index, the third to sixth graders that received benefits of the program, the test group was 1.73 and the control group was 3.66 showing significant difference (p<0.001). For the decayed teeth (DT) index, it was 0.72 for the test group and 1.96 for the control group showing significant difference (p<0.001). For the filled teeth index, the test group was 0.63 for the test group and 0.99 for the control group showing significant difference (p<0.05). For the DT rate, the total test group was 57.23% and 64.16% for the control group. For who received benefits from the program, the DT rate was 54.81% for the test group and 60.98% for the control group. The effects of the student continued oral health management program carried out by the oral health office can be confirmed. It is judged that efforts for continuous maintenance and promotion will be necessary to improve the oral health of students.
Evaluation of Marginal Gap of Fixed Dental Prostheses Fabricated by Soft Metal Material Using Dental CAD/CAM
Kim, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Won-Soo ; Kim, Ki-Baek ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 349~355
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.349
The purpose of this study was to evaluate marginal gap of fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) fabricated by soft metal material with using dental computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system and to compare gap of its by a conventional method. Ten same cases of study models were manufactured and scanned for digital models fabricating. Ten FDPs were fabricated by soft metal material using dental CAD/CAM (SMB group). Then, ten FDPs were fabricated by cast metal using lost wax technique and casting method (LWC group). Marginal gap was measured by silicone replica technique. Gap was measured by digital microscope (
). Mann-Whitney test for statistical analysis was executed (
). The mean (standard deviations) of marginal gap was
(35.2) for the SMB group, and
(22.1) for the LWC group. Statistically significant differences were not found between SMB and LWC. As results, FDPs fabricated by soft metal material were clinically acceptable range.
Critical Thinking Disposition and Problem-Solving Ability of Dental Hygiene Students
Kim, Ji-Hee ; Sung, Hee-Kyung ; Kim, Hye-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 356~363
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.356
This study attempts to measure the critical thinking disposition and problem-solving ability levels of dental hygiene students and to investigate their correlation. A self-administered survey was conducted with respect to dental hygiene students from three-year colleges in Busan, Ulsan and the Gyeongsangbuk-do region between April 2013 and May 2013. A total of 649 surveys were subject to a final analysis. Critical thinking disposition of the dental hygiene students resulted in a score of 3.20 out of a total of 5.0. Freshmen, students with high academic performance results, students with good interpersonal relations, students with a high level of satisfaction regarding major subject and clinical training and students with no clinical training experience showed a high score for critical thinking disposition. Problem-solving ability of the dental hygiene students resulted in a score of 3.06 out of a total of 5.0. Students with high academic performance results, students with good interpersonal relations and students with a high level of satisfaction regarding major subject and clinical training showed a high score for problem-solving ability. It was found that critical thinking disposition and problem-solving ability had a pure correlation. The critical thinking disposition appeared to problem solving, interpersonal relations, major factors affect satisfaction, was a critical thinking disposition, academic factors affect the ability to problem solve. Regarding education for dental hygiene students, the reinforcement of training to increase critical thinking and problem-solving abilities is necessary and the development of an educational curriculum and change in educational environment that can increase interpersonal skills and communication skills is necessary.
Association between Oral Health Status and Perceived General Health (EuroQol-5D)
Sim, Seon-Ju ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 364~370
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.364
The purpose of this study was to examine association between oral health status and perceived general health symptom. We analyzed 14,231 subjects who participated in Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007~2009). All individuals were examined by a questionnaire about socioeconomic history, smoking and drinking habit, the frequency of daily tooth brushing, the presence of regular dental visit, and EuroQol-5D. Dental survey was conducted to find the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index and community periodontal index. Subjects with perceived problem with mobility had higher DMFT index (odds ratio, 1.18, p<0.001). Subjects with with perceived problem with pain/discomfort had higher DMFT index (odds ratio, 1.16, p<0.001). Self-rating general health symptom was not associated with periodontitis (p>0.05). Perceived general health was associated with DMFT index. It is recommendable that we can use the perceived general health to predict oral health status.
Relationship between Intake of Vitamins and Minerals and Caries of Primary Teeth
Kim, Han-Na ; Min, Ji-Hyun ; Kim, Ki-Rim ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 371~378
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.371
This study aims to evaluate the influence of vitamin and mineral supplement intake, and degree of calcium and phosphorus intake on occurrence of dental caries in primary teeth. Research data was derived from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and 1,139 Korean children of 3 to 6 years were selected as subject for this study. The dft index, nutrition factor including vitamin or mineral supplement intake and degree of intake for calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) were identified. Chi-square test was performed to assess the difference in socioeconomic status, oral health behavior and nutrition factor, including vitamin or mineral supplement intake and degree of intake for Ca and P. Linear regression analysis was performed to identify the relationship between the dft index and the related variables. As a result, the dft index was increased with the age. Significant differences in Ca intake was examined according to the sex, and P intake was different according to the sex in 3-year-old group. Among the 4-year-old children, the vitamin and mineral supplement takers had 1.206 less dft index than the non-takers. In conclusion, intake of Ca, P and vitamin/mineral supplement was not a pivotal factor to influence the incidence of primary teeth caries. However, significantly low dft index was observed from 4-year-old group who intake vitamin or mineral.
A Study on the Health Status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in the Elderly Patients with Long-Term Care
Shim, Mi-Ae ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 379~389
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.379
This study intended to examine the health status and quality of life among the elderly patients who stayed in geriatric hospitals for a long period of time. The study involved 222 elderly who were older than 65-year-old, an oral examination was conducted in 10 geriatric hospitals located in the metropolitan area and Chungcheong-do. Cross-tabulation, one-way ANOVA, t-test, and Stepwise multiple regression were performed for analysis. The average number of teeth among the subjects was 11.22 and that of dental caries was 1.17. Also, the average number of teeth mobility was 0.93 and halitosis was detected among 81.9%. Only 29.70% reported absence or a kind of systemic disease and 70.31% of the subjects was shown to have more than two kinds of complex disease. In addition, 87.8% of the subjects had depression and among them, 55.40% showed serious depression. The average score on quality of life was 2.62 points and as for the related factors, the number of remaining teeth and dental caries were counted along with care grade, hospitalization period, and age. According to such results, the oral health status among the elderly patients staying long in geriatric hospitals were not good in general; also they showed high level of systemic disease and depression and low quality of life.
The Size, Form of Dental Arch and Occlusion in Dental Hygiene Students in Korea
Hwang, Ji-Min ; Lee, Chun-Sun ; Han, Ji-Hyoung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 390~396
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.390
The purpose of this study was to examine the size, form of dental arch and occlusion type in college students in our country and the relationship of the factors. The subjects in this study were 210 selected dental hygiene students. The collected data were analyzed by a statistical package PASW 18.0. When their size, form and occlusion of dental arch were analyzed, the inter-canine width of the maxillary was 34.38 mm, and the inter-first molar width was 52.05 mm. The canine depth was 8.60 mm, and the first molar depth was 28.69 mm. As for the mandibular, the inter-canine width was 26.42 mm, and the inter-first molar width was 44.83 mm. The canine depth was 5.54 mm, and the first molar depth was 24.38 mm. Concerning the form of dental arch, the percentage of normal dental arch in the maxillary stood at 29.0, and that of crowding stood at 60.5. The percentage of spacing stood at 10.5. In the case of the mandibular, the percentage of normal dental arch stood at 29.0; crowding, 55.7; and spacing, 15.2. In relation to occlusion, the percentage of normal occlusion stood at 16.7. As to malocclusion, class I that accounted for 55.7 was most common, and class II and class III respectively accounted for 20.5 and 7.1. When the size of dental arch was compared according to the form and occlusion of it, dental arch was largest (45.95 mm) in size when the form of dental arch in the inter-first molar width of the mandibular was spacing. The size of dental arch was 44.73 mm when its form in the same region was normal, and that was 44.58 mm when its form in the same region was crowding (p=0.032). Regarding the relationship between the form and occlusion of dental arch, crowding was most common when there were class I, II and III of malocclusion both in the maxillary and mandibular.
A Study on the Practice for Infection Prevention of Dental Clinic Worker
Kim, Seo-Yune ; Lee, Jae-Ra ; Han, Ok-Sung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 397~404
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.397
This survey was conducted between January 15, 2014 and February 25, 2014 to investigate the practice for infection prevention among dental hygienists. Data were obtained from 294 dental clinic worker who worked in dental hospital (clinics) of Gwangju and Chonnam. At the conclusion of this investigation, according to the conclusion of this investigation, the necessity of infection control education for dental hygienists and washing their gowns after caring infected patients affected the practice for infection prevention. They also well practiced the infection prevention working in dental hospital. To prevent infection in dental clinic, it is necessary to provide the continuing education programs for dental infection control to dental clinic worker.
Effect of Porcelain Firing Process on the Marginal and Internal Fit of Ni-Cr Alloy Metal-Ceramic Crown
Kim, Ki-Baek ; Kim, Seok-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 405~410
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.405
The purpose of this study in vitro investigation was to compare the marginal and internal fit of Ni-Cr alloy metal ceramic crown before and after porcelain veneering. Furthermore, this study evaluated whether the influence of the porcelain firing on the precision of fit of dental prostheses. The maxillary right incisor was selected as an abutment for experiments. Ten working models were prepared. Ni-Cr alloy cores appropriate for each abutment were prepared by lost wax technique. The marginal area and four internal areas of the crowns were measured at two stages: before veneering process and after upper porcelain firing. Silicone replica techniques were used. The data were statistically analyzed with the paired t-test (
marginal and internal gap were
for the nickle chrome alloy core group and
for the metal ceramic crown group. There were statistically significant differences in all investigated areas (p<0.05). Within the limitations of this study, none of the Ni-Cr alloy metal crown values measured after porcelain firing process exceeded
, which is the clinically acceptable threshold.
The Effect of Conscious Sedation on Pain and Anxiety of Implant Surgery
Kim, Hye-Young ; Lee, Su-Young ; Cho, Young-Sik ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 411~416
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.411
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of conscious sedation on pain and anxiety of patients in implant surgery. A total of 95 patients who underwent implant surgery were included in the study. In this study, the patient's anxiety and pain to evaluate the pre-operative Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), during-operative Pain Question (PQ), post-operative (Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire [SF-MPQ], VAS) was used for tools such as questionnaires. The data were analyzed using the chi-squire, independent-samples t-test, multiple linear regression analysis. As a result, the pain reduction was significantly different between the sedative dental treatment and non-sedative dental treatment (p<0.05). The finding of the study multiple linear regression analysis showed that operation time, implant surgery experience, gender, age, operation form and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) with factors that affect the pain and anxiety (p<0.05). According to the results of the study, considered to be necessary to develop intervention strategies effective using the PCS when managing pain and anxiety of behavior management of this implant patient. Thus, it is advised to provide necessary practical guidelines and dental utilization behaviors on patients with conscious sedation.
The Effect of Korean Elderly's Prosthetic Status on Health Related Quality by Using EuroQol-5 Dimension
Park, Jeong-Hye ; Lee, Min-Kyung ; Lee, Jung-Hwa ; Jin, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 417~423
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.417
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between prosthetic status and health related quality of elderly by using EuroQol-5 dimension (EQ-5D) which is a standardized instrument used as a measure of health outcome. Data from 1,179 elderly subjects (over 65 years old) from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used in our analysis. Oral examination were conducted to obtain wearing prosthetic and needed prosthetic. EQ-5D is a widely used health condition measuring instrument. It consists of the five dimensions: Mobility, Self-care, Usual activities, Pain/discomfort and Anxiety/depression. EQ-5D index is a score calculated out of a weighting system. In this study, the mean score of the EQ-5D index among the elderly was 0.86. For EQ-5D index gender, female showed statistically significantly lower quality of life than male. The related factors EQ-5D index, when the lower demand for fixed prosthodontics and full denture. Wearers in partial and complete denture than non-wearers showed higher EQ-5D index. In order to improve EQ-5D index among the elderly who demand prosthetic status, which has lost its function through providing proper dental prostheses.
Factors Which Affect Mental Health of Dental Hygiene Students
Jeon, Eun-Suk ; Hwang, Su-Hyun ; Ko, Hyo-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 424~432
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2014.14.3.424
The purpose of study is to understand the relation with factors which affect the mental health and to investigate self-esteem, department satisfaction and career stress among dental hygiene students. The study performs self-administered questionnaires survey from March to May, 2013, among dental hygiene students of college in Busan and Ulsan with the convenience sampling and finally analyzes 376 questionnaires. The study performs the path analysis to analyze the impact of the mental health on self-esteem, department satisfaction and career stress and the correlation among these variables. The analysis result shows that the self-esteem most affects and the direct effect on the mental health. The factor which affects the self-esteem is the department satisfaction show direct effect, also career stress has direct and indirect effect. Self-esteem is important factors in the department satisfaction, career stress and mental health. Thus, a stable mental health for students and groups of individuals who need to take advantage of professional counseling and career exploration program structured should be configured.