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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of dental hygiene science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Measure of Unmet Dental Care Needs among Korean Adolescent
Ahn, Eunsuk ; Han, Ji-Hyoung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 91~97
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.91
The purpose of this study was to examine any possible differences among adolescents in unmet dental care needs according to their demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and oral health status and influential factors on the basis of the fifth national health and nutrition examination survey data. The findings of the study were as follows: Unmet dental care needs were accounted for 19.84 percent. As for the reason, many replied that they couldn't afford to leave school during school hours, and economic factors. As a result of analyzing what affected their unmet dental care needs, this experience was more common in the older age groups than in the 6~12 years age group, and the experience was less common in the respondents with a larger income. As for the subjective oral health status, the experience was 0.61-fold and 0.72-fold less in the respondents who perceived their health as fair or good than who thought their health was poor respectively. And there was a tendency that getting regular dental checkups led to 0.22-fold less experience. Given the above-mentioned findings, the kind of policy that makes dental care services more accessible to youth in consideration of socioeconomic circumstances should be carried out. As many of the adolescents couldn't leave school during school hours, schools should be equipped with dental clinics to improve accessibility to dental care services.
Effect of Mutan Isolated from Streptococcus mutans on the Healing of Bone Defect in Rat
Kwon, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Yong Hyun ; Han, Kook-Il ; Jung, Eui-Gil ; Han, Man-Deuk ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 98~105
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.98
We investigated the effects of a mutan (water-insoluble
-glucans) isolated from Streptococcus mutans on the healing of bone defect in rat. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control (saline-treated), lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated, and mutan-treated groups (n=6 per group). Experimental bone defects were surgically created with round fissure bur at the buccal surface of the left mandibular. The control groups was administered with saline solution (0.1 ml/100 g), while the LPS and mutan group was given LPS and mutan (1 mg/kg body weight) three times weekly. After 4 weeks the rats were sacrificed, the healing of bone defect was assessed by bone mineral density (BMD) and micro-computed tomography (
) examination. Percent bone volume (bone volume/tissue volume [BV/TV]), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), and trabecular number (Tb.N) parameters of
showed higher values in control group than LPS and mutan group. Bone surface/volume ratio (BS/BV), trabecular bone pattern factor (Tb.Pf), and structure model index parameters of
showed higher values in LPS group than mutan group. BMD values of mutan treated-alveolar bones were significantly lower for than that of the LPS group. Therefore, we suggest that mutan, water-insoluble
-glucans from S. mutans may be induce the induction of periodontal diseases.
Factors Affecting the Satisfaction for Medical Service and Reuse Intention of Patients at Dental Clinic in Gyeongnam Province
Seong, Mi-Gyung ; Kim, Jae-Hwa ; Jang, Kyeung-Ae ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 106~112
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.106
This study was conducted to provide with baseline data with the purpose of increasing the values of medical services. Self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted on 236 patients at a dental clinic follow-up visit in dentist clinic Gyeongnam area from June 2013 to August 2013. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. The motivation visiting the dental clinic is that the first one is introduction from the family and friends, the second is accessibility, the third is conspicuity and the last one is awareness of the dentist. The main variables in the process of treatment are service system, kindness, satisfaction of service, efficient of re-call system. The relief of discomfort at revisit show the highest score in the process of implant treatment and intention of revisit hereafter do in the prostheses process. In the correlation between main variables, service system and relief of discomfort at revisit (r=0.440, p<0.001), kindness and satisfaction of medical service (r=0.675, p<0.001), revisit hereafter and satisfaction of service (r=0.387, p<0.001) and efficiency of re-call system and revisit showed the highest correlation. The influence on satisfaction of dental service show meaningful level in kindness (p<0.001) and efficiency of re-call system (p<0.05). The intention of revisit is affected meaningfully by relief of uncomfort (p<0.05), service system (p<0.05), kindness (p<0.01) and efficiency of re-call system (p<0.01). In summary, the personal network of patients is most important variable at intention for revisit of dental clinic. As satisfaction of kindness and efficiency of re-call system is higher, satisfaction of medical service and intention for revisit are shown higher. Therefore further research for improvement of satisfaction for medical service and of intention of revisit at the dental clinic should be carried out.
A Study on Factors Affecting Emotional Labor of Clinical Dental Hygienists
Lee, Myeong-Ju ; Kim, Young Nam ; Lee, So-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 113~118
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.113
This study was conducted to develop a plan for emotional labor of clinical dental hygienists by understanding the factors affecting their emotional labor. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 293 dental hygienists who worked in dental hospitals and clinics located in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do from June to September in 2013. The questionnaire items used in this study consisted of 5 items of general characteristics, 2 items of characteristics related to turnover, and 9 items of emotional labor. t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis were performed using the SPSS Statistics ver. 17.0 for Windows program for data analysis. The average level of the study subjects was
. With regard to the emotional labor according to the general characteristics, the frequency of emotional expressions (p<0.037) showed significant differences in the marital status. The workplace showed significant differences in the frequency of emotional expressions (p<0.001), attentiveness of emotional expressions (p<0.002), emotional dissonance (p<0.032), and total (p<0.001). The turnover intentions showed significant differences in the frequency of emotional expressions (p<0.001), attentiveness of emotional expressions (p<0.001), emotional dissonance (p<0.001), and total (p<0.001). As a factor affecting emotional labor, turnover intention (p<0.001) and workplace (p<0.001) had an effect on emotional labor. The results showed that turnover intention and workplace were associated with the emotional labor of dental hygienists. There is a need to develop an emotional education program to make it possible to effectively manage emotional labor of dental hygienists for providing high-quality medical services of dental institutions.
Effect of Obesity and Psychological Stress on Oral Health
Kim, Soo-Hwa ; Lee, Sun-Mi ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 119~128
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.119
The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of obesity and stress on oral disease in Korean adults by using the data of the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The subjects of this study are 4,627 adults at the age of 19 to 64, and the data were analyzed by using SPSS Windows ver.18.0. The results are as follows: Obesity was higher in men and the age of 40 to 64 than the other. And the group with lower education or lower income level tended to show significantly higher obesity (p<0.05). As for stress, women, the age of 19 to 39 and the subjects with higher academic career tended to indicate significantly higher stress (p<0.05). As for the effects of obesity on oral disease, there were no significant difference between body mass index (BMI) or waist-hip ratio (WHR) and oral disease but there was statistically significant difference between stress and temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) (p<0.05). Even when the subjects with stress were obese or abdominally obese, there was no significant difference in oral disease (p>0.05). As to correlation among variables, there were correlations between BMI and WHR, stress and TMD, masticatory problems and periodontal disease or TMD (p<0.05). About the effects of general characteristics, obesity, and stress on oral disease, age was the variable influencing TMD, and age and abdominal obesity were the variables influencing masticatory problems (p<0.05). In this society, the environment surrounding individuals is fairly complex, and the concept of health including quality of life has more complex meaning than in the past. Various factors are influencing obesity and stress, and they are also influencing oral health and behaviors. Accordingly, it will be needed not only to make efforts to reduce obesity and stress but also to employ approaches from different perspectives to improve oral health.
Effect of Health Belief Factor on Oral Health Related Behavior in Pregnant Woman
Kim, Mi-Na ; Lim, Do-Seon ; Kim, Myoung-Hee ; Kim, A-Reum ; Kim, Sung-Im ; Ahn, Yong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.129
This study is conducted with the aim of providing basic data for oral health improvement of pregnant woman and development of oral health education program by analyzing factors influencing the oral health related behavior of pregnant woman applying health belief model which is theoretical model of explaining individual's behavior change. For 217 expectant mothers who visited 8 obstetrics and 1 maternity class located in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Incheon from August 1 to 31, 2014, data analysis was implemented using self-administered questionnaire. Before the completion of self-administered questionnaire, the subjects were fully informed of explanatory note and consented on taking part in the research for the consideration of ethical aspect. Collected materials were treated by PASW Statistics ver. 18.0 program and following results were acquired. Health belief factor which infuences oral health related behavior of pregnant woman resulted that perceived severity influences on oral examination during pregnancy and dental treatment during pregnancy, and perceived benefits influences on oral examination during pregnancy, and perceived barriers on toothbrushing after having a snack, toothbrush with rotation method and oral examination during pregnancy, and self-efficacy influences on use of oral hygiene products after toothbrushing and oral examination during pregnancy. With these research results, I suggest that perceived severity of health belief factor, perceived benefits, perceived barrier and self-efficacy influence oral health related behavior of pregnant woman. And specific oral health education program for pregnant woman is necessary to increase perceived severity of pregnant woman, perceived benefits and self-efficacy and to reduce perceived barriers.
The Factors Affecting Hepatitis B Vaccination of Dental Hygiene Students
Yu, Ji-Su ; Hwang, Su-Hyun ; Han, Yang-Keum ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 138~144
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.138
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in health belief related to vaccination among dental hygiene students, identify the factors affecting hepatitis B vaccination, and provide basic data for health education concerning hepatitis B prevention. Hepatitis B vaccination was positively correlated (r=0.179, p=0.003) with seriousness of believing that hepatitis B would affect psychological, physical, and social activities and negative correlation (r=-0.183, p=0.002) was also found between perceived barriers related to hepatitis B. As for the factors affecting hepatitis B vaccination, juniors were 0.39 times (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.21, 0.71) more likely to have it affected than seniors and those who were more serious, and who had greater barriers were more likely to have it affected-1.80 times (95% CI=1.29, 2.52), 0.61 times (95% CI=0.41, 0.90) respectively (p<0.05). It is therefore urgent to develop a program within a curriculum that can begin with freshmen along with specific education with the objective of obliging dental hygiene students to receive hepatitis B vaccination. It is also necessary to provide consecutive sessions of education rather than one-time education and to develop a specific plan for obligatory hepatitis B vaccination through correct and thorough education.
The Effects of Chewing Difficulty on the Prevalence of Osteoarthritis in Adults Aged 50 Years and Older
Hwang, Su-Hyun ; Han, Sam-Sung ; Yoo, Wang-Keun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 145~152
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.145
In this study, PASW Statistics ver. 18.0 was used to analyze the correlation between chewing difficulty and osteoarthritis in the population of 8,498 persons aged 50 years and older who had completed the health related questionnaire in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2010~2012. The following conclusion was drawn: The distribution of the chewing difficulty status showed that 38.8% of the respondents had chewing difficulty and that there was no significant difference by gender. Older respondents tended to have significantly greater chewing difficulty 34.3% of the respondents aged from 50 to 64 years and 46.4% of those aged 65 years and older, those who had lower levels of education and income, who were smokers, and who had higher levels of depression and stress suffered from significantly greater chewing difficulty. Chewing difficulty and osteoarthritis were correlated with each other: the respondents having chewing difficulty had 1.44 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23~1.70) higher prevalence of osteoarthritis than those with no such difficulty. In addition, such correlation was not found in males: the former had 1.36 (95% CI, 0.98~1.88) higher prevalence of osteoarthritis than the latter, which was not statistically significant. Such correlation was found in females: the former had 1.47 (95% CI, 1.22~1.76) higher prevalence of osteoarthritis than the latter, which was statistically significant. Therefore, the chewing difficulty status affected osteoarthritis for females aged 50 years and older. Therefore, the efforts to solve oral health problems through oral hygiene would help prevent osteoarthritis from worsening and manage the condition.
In-Depth Interview of Senior Dental Hygienists Regarding Various Career Paths for Future Dental Hygienists
Kyung, Hye-In ; Kim, Young-Woo ; Eom, Jae-Hyun ; Lee, Ji-Hui ; Cho, Eun-Jung ; Park, Go-Eun ; Kim, Nam-Hee ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 153~158
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.153
The aim of this study was to provide practical information regarding career exploration to dental hygiene students. This study interviewed 15 senior dental hygienists (graduates of Y University Dental Hygiene program) who have worked in non-clinical fields for about three months from January 14, 2014 to April 28. The most frequently mentioned pieces of information that the senior dental hygienists wanted to convey to dental hygiene students were as followed. Contrary to popular belief, clinical experience was also required in non-clinical fields as the importance of clinical experience was quite often and widely emphasized and applied in such fields. High academic excellence and clinical performance were expected of junior dental hygienists and the senior dental hygienists expressed their hope for their juniors to pioneer new fields and areas of work that a dental hygienist can do. Most of the senior dental hygienists pointed out that to develop technical tools for career exploration as early as possible, such as during undergraduate years and to think about which career path to take, whether it is clinical or academic were significantly important factors for desirable career outcomes. Based on the results of this study, undergraduate dental hygiene students should be provided with opportunities to consider and explore various career paths during their undergraduate years and to communicate with their seniors for hands-on experience-based advices. This would in turn broaden each student's perspective beyond their knowledge or thought about the professional filed of dental hygiene. It was found that the majority of the senior dental hygienists agreed that their clinical experience was the source of their self-competence as a dental hygienist. Our study could be utilized as a valuable resource for future dental hygienists who wish to work in non-clinical fields.
Relationship of Oral Health Management Behavior to Plaque Index Systems
Lim, Soon-Hwan ; Hwang, Ji-Min ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 159~165
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.159
A self-administered survey was conducted on the dental hygiene students at three different colleges located in Gyeonggi Province and South Chungcheong Province respectively from October, 2013, to the same month of 2014 to grasp their oral health management behavior, differences in plaque index according to plaque index systems and the correlation of the two. And their plaque index was measured. The findings of the study were as follows: 62.8% of the respondents replied they got a dental checkup over the past year, and 84.1% answered they received preventive dental treatment once at least or more. 80.5% replied they used a fluorine-containing dentifrice. 90.9% answered they used the rolling method to brush their teeth, and 50.0% replied it took three minutes to brush their teeth. They got a mean of 27.88 when O'leary index was used among plaque index systems. Their PHP index and PHP-M index were respectively a mean of 1.30 and a mean of 12.12. Their plaque index became lower when they spent more time brushing their teeth, and the toothbrushing time made a statistically significant difference to that (p<0.05). The factor that exerted the largest influence on plaque index was whether to brush teeth for the sake of oral health (B=-9.747, t=-3.752, p<0.001) or not. That made a statistically significant difference to it. The above-mentioned findings illustrated that more patients visited dental clinics than before to receive preventive dental treatment or to get dental checkups, and that toothbrushing time and whether to brush teeth for the sake of oral health or not were identified as the oral health management behaviors to affect plaque index.
Knowledge, Attitude, Performance on the Hand Washing by Dental Hygiene Students
Lee, Bo-Ram ; Han, Ok-Sung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 166~171
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.166
This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitude, and performance of dental hygiene students on the hand washing. We surveyed 288 students attending the department of dental hygiene at K Universities and H Universities in Gwangju during the period from September 5 to November 20, 2014. The obtained data were analysed using SPSS version 20.0. According to the general characteristics, the hand washing knowledge of the third year students was highest with 4.72. At the question on the change of awareness after the education of hand washing, the hand washing performance showed that 4.17 for 'yes' was higher than 4.03 for 'no'. There was negatively correlated between knowledge and attitude (r=-0.020, p>0.05). The performance was positively correlated with attitude (r=0.161, p<0.05). There is a need to develop a continuous education program for finding out the right way to hand washing, which is able to enhance knowledge, attitude, and performance on hand washing.
A Study on Radiation Management Status and Exposure Anxiety Awareness of Dental Hygienist
Kang, Eun-Ju ; Hyeong, Ju-Hee ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 172~181
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.172
This study intends to improve the radiation safety management and the recognition for handling radiation using structured questionnaires to dental hygienists working at Jeollabuk-do from September 1 to October 31 in 2014. As a result, 63% of respondents have not received education for radiation safety management. Moreover, the practical degree for radiation safety management was
, while the degree of knowledge was
of total 5.0. The results of insecurity for radiation danger were high as
, and insecurity for fetus during pregnancy shows the highest value as
. From the results of statistical significance level, the knowledge degree of radiation safety management is affected by total numbers of radiograpy for a day (p<0.05), and the practical degree of radiation safety management is affected by age group, academic background, monthly income, continuous service year, practice area, present position, and status of radiography in present (p<0.05). In addition, the knowledge degree of radiation safety management have a negative correlation (r=-0.232) with the practical degree, but have a positive correlation (r=0.262) with the insecurity for radiation danger. The high knowledge degree of radiation safety management (
, p<0.001) and the short radiography work period (
, p<0.05) were the influential factors to the insecurity for radiation danger. Consequently, countermeasures are necessary to encourage dental hygienists to put their radiation safety management knowledge into the practice and to reduce the insecurity degree for radiation danger. Furthermore, it is important to prevent psychological and physical risks by radiation exposure through the improvement of radiation safety management level and recognition for handling radiation to improve medical environment.
Relationship between Degree of Clinical Satisfaction and Experience on Performance for Dental Hygiene Students
Choi, Ok-Sun ; Ahn, Gwang-Sook ; Kim, Hye-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 182~189
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.182
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between degree of satisfaction and experience on performance in accordance with the characteristics for the dental hygiene students. Dental hygiene students to 480 people from November to December 2014 and analyzed by conducting a survey. The higher grade students were more satisfied with the degree of satisfaction on experience for clinical test performance and clinical practice organization rather than the lower grade students. Also, the degree of satisfaction on major for the higher grade students has been shown as relatively higher than the lower grade students. The factors that affecting the experience for clinical performance and the degree of satisfaction for clinical practice were shown as grade, satisfaction for major and period for practice. In order to enhance the degree of satisfaction on the clinical performance for students, it should be established the system for practice management considering the characteristics of clinical practice by relevant organizations. Also, the dental hygienist who is responsible for dental education should manage his/her practice for students actively. Meanwhile, the practice organization should improve and update the content of education through the consistent alliance with colleges continuously.
Changes in Urinary Mercury Levels after Removal of Amalgam Fillings
Jin, Hye-Jung ; Sakong, Joon ; Song, Keun-Bae ; Jeon, Eun-Suk ; Kim, Ki-Rim ; Choi, Youn-Hee ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 190~195
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.190
The objective of this study is to estimate the relationship between amalgam removal and urinary mercury levels. To measure urinary mercury concentration, urine of participants was collected at baseline, immediately, 24 hours and 48 hours after removal of amalgam restorations. The statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics ver. 20.0. The overall mean urinary mercury concentration at baseline, immediately, 24 hours and 48 hours after removal of amalgam restorations was 2.77, 2.75, 2.95 and
creatinine, respectively. Logistic regression model shows that the gender leads to increased odds of high urinary mercury concentration in children (odds ratio, OR=1.99), even after adjusting for high amalgam surfaces (OR=1.23) and fish consumption (OR=1.26) at the baseline. Our findings suggest that mercury exposure from dental amalgam adversely impact health and therefore are a health risk.
Evaluation of Marginal Gap of Three Unit Metal Cores Fabricated by 3-Dimensional Printing Technique
Kim, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Won-Soo ; Kim, Ki-Baek ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 196~201
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.196
The purpose of this study was to evaluate marginal gap of 3 unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) fabricated by 3-dimensional (3D) printing technology and to compare marginal gap of its by a conventional method (lost wax technique and casting method). Ten study models were manufactured. Three unit FDPs were fabricated by 3D printing technique (3D group) and conventional methods (CV group). Marginal gaps were measured by silicone replica technique and digital microscope (
). Mann-Whitney test was executed (
). The mean
standard deviation of marginal gap for premolars and molars were
in the 3D group and
in the CV group. There were statistically significant differences (p<0.05). As results, clinical application further improvement of 3D printing technique may be required.
Assessment of Acidogenic Potential for Dental Biofilms by Periodontal Health Condition
Min, Ji-Hyun ; Yoon, Hong-Cheol ; Kim, Jong-Kwan ; Kang, Si-Mook ; Kim, Baek-Il ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 202~208
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.202
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal health condition and the results of a new method such as Cariview which could evaluate the acidity of dental biofilms. Fifty four subjects more than 20 years old were selected for the candidates of this study. The periodontal health conditions of the candidates were divided into 4 groups according to the assessment of X-ray and Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence-Digital (QLF-D; Inspektor Research Systems BV) images; gingivitis, slight periodontitis, moderate periodontitis, severe periodontitis. The biofilm acidogenicity of each subject was examined using Cariview (All in ONE BIO) according to manufacturer's instruction, and the Cariview score was calculated. The mean differences of Cariview score between 4 groups of periodontal health condition were examined by ANCOVA test with the covariance of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. As a result, the mean Cariview score was different, however it was not significantly different from the 4 groups (p=0.12). The mean score was the lowest in the gingivitis group (
), and the highest in slight periodontitis group (
). In conclusion, the significant mean differences were not confirmed in Cariview score according to the periodontal health condition.
The Interactive Effect of These Bacterial Substrates on the Growth of Streptococcus gordonii, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis
Kim, A-Reum ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Ahn, Yong-Soon ; Kim, Mi-Na ; Kim, Sung-Im ; Lim, Do-Seon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 209~219
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.209
In order to explore an effect of interaction of Streptococcus gordonii, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis that are bacteria relevant to periodontal disease on its growth, the bacteria were incubated in trypticase soy hemin menadione broth at
incubator for 7 days through anaerobic jar by single and co-culture with heat treated dead bacteria under anaerobic gas pack. In order to confirm growth level, absorbance was measured and for confirming colony structure and form, it was observed with scanning electron microscope. In order to confirm an effect on pathogenicity of P. gingivalis, real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was implemented for expression analysis for rgpA gene that produces HRgpA which is gingipain. As a result, the following conclusion was obtained. Colony formation of S. gordonii and P. gingivalis was increased by other dead bacteria and in case of F. nucleatum, its colony formation was showed an aspect of being increased by dead bacterium of P. gingivalis but decreased by dead bacterium of S. gordonii. Therefore, it is considered that the strains being used for this study would affect interactively through bacterial cell itself as well as their interaction factor at the time of colony formation.
Variation in the Index of Dental Plaque Removal and Practice Assessment after Instruction on Toothbrushing
Kim, Ki-Eun ; Ahn, Eunsuk ; Han, Ji-Hyoung ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 220~225
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.220
This study was conducted to examine O'leary index, patient hygiene performance (PHP) index, and toothbrushing practice assessment in subjects of college students in 20s who had been randomly selected. The purpose of this study is to examine if it is easy for rolling method which is recommended by many dental professionals in Korea to implement and to effectively remove dental plaque. Also, the correlations between dental plaque index and toothbrushing practice assessment with the course of time was confirmed, after instruction session on toothbrushing was provided. STATA 11.0 (StataCorp) was used for analysis. There was no significant difference on the three ways of O'leary index, PHP index, and toothbrushing practice assessment in using rolling method, bass technique and toothpick method when comparing the average resulting from first to third instruction session on toothbrushing. O'leary index, PHP index, and toothbrushing practice assessment were inspected with Kruskal-Wallis test which is used for non-parametric statistics. They were checked three times: the first, before the toothbrushing instruction was given; the second, two weeks after the toothbrushing session was given; and the third, 4 weeks after the session. The results are as follows: O'leary index stood at the lowest in the first experiment but showed the highest in the second (p=0.0001). PHP index was the highest level in the first trial and decreased in the second time, but increased again in the last examination (p=0.0001). Toothbrushing practice assessment also showed a similar tendency with PHP index (p=0.0001). In conclusion, rolling method is not the best option for everyone, and it is thought that more various toothbrushing ways need to be reviewed and recommended to people. Also, institutional framework is required for the continuous education on toothbrushing to be in place as the effectiveness of the education is decreased with time.
Evaluation of the Model Accuracy according to Three Types of Dental Scanner
Lee, Jae-Jun ; Park, Jin-Young ; Bae, So-Yeon ; Jeon, Jin-Hun ; Kim, Ji-Hwan ; Kim, Woong-Chul ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 226~231
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.226
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of model according to three types of dental scanner. A maxillary acrylic model was prepared and duplicated 10 times by silicone impression materials. Corresponding working casts were formed from scannable stone and got a 3-dimensional digital models using three different scanners. The distance of each measurement region was measured using vernier calipers and the respective program. One-way ANOVA and the Tukey honestly significant difference post hoc test (
) was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0. Overall, the stone cast is smaller than the digital models in measurement distance. And measuring point value of laser scanner showed the most similar values and measurement points value of digital vernier calipers. Digital model of white light scanner showed similar values in the measurement points value of the blue light scanner. In conclusion, the laser scanner showed the best accuracy among the three types of dental scanner. However, the difference between the digital models and the stone cast can be accommodated in making prostheses. Thereby, three types of dental scanner are available in a clinically acceptable range.
Bacterial Contamination of Dental Unit Water Systems in a Student Clinical Simulation Laboratory of College of Dentistry
Yoon, Hye Young ; Lee, Si Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 232~237
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.232
The water supplied from dental unit water systems (DUWS) in dentistry may be heavily contaminated with bacteria and thus may be a potential source of infection for both practice staff and patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of heterotrophic bacteria and to confirm the presence of opportunistic pathogens from DUWS in student clinical simulation laboratory of college of dentistry. Water samples were collected from 36 ultrasonic scalers in student clinical simulation laboratory. The levels of heterotrophic bacteria in water samples were quantified by counting colony forming units (CFUs) on R2A agar media. In addition, opportunistic pathogens were detected by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The mean CFUs were 16,095 CFU/ml for water samples and all of water samples exceeded current American Dental Association recommendations of 200 CFU/ml. Pseudomonas species and non-tuberculous Mycobacterium species were detected in the one sample and two samples, respectively, among the 36 water samples by the PCR with specific primers for these bacteria. Our study indicated that DUWS in student clinical simulation laboratory can cause potential infection in students and participants. This study suggested the dental unit water line management and wearing personal protective equipment in student clinical simulation laboratory will be needed to reduce bacterial contamination.
Antibacterial Effect and Cytotoxicity of Desensitizer Containing Antimicrobial
Lee, Hyun-Ok ; Park, Ji-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 2, 2015, Pages 238~245
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.2.238
Dentinal hypersensitivity is a type of dental pain that occurs when various stimuli are applied to exposed dentin lesions. If the symptoms of dentinal hypersensitivity continue, the dentin is exposed and the hypersensitivity may become a periodontal disease or root caries due to bacterial infection. Therefore, the clinical goal of the present study is to reduce the pain of the patient suffering from dentinal hypersensitivity by developing antimicrobial hypersensitivity treatments and to improve oral hygiene. We prepared chlorhexidine, tetracycline, cetylpyridinium chloride, gallic acid loaded desensitizer by adding 0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%, and 2.0% chlorhexidine, tetracycline, cetylpyridinium chloride, gallic acid to desensitizer (Micro Prime; Denville and Hurri Seal; Beutlich), and antibacterial effect, and cytotoxicity. The antibacterial test by using Staphylococcus aureus (SA. ATCC 6538, FDA 209) showed that the antibacterial effect of all experimental groups was significantly higher than that of control group (p<0.05). Cytotoxicity test by using agar diffusion assay indicated that Micro Prime showed mild toxicity, Hurri Seal showed severe toxicity and this cytotoxicity is supposed to be caused by one of desensitizer components showing weak antibacterial effect.