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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of dental hygiene science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
the Korean Society of Dental Hygiene science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Stress and Oral Health Care in Nonhealth-Related Majors
Woo, Seung-Hee ; Ju, On Ju ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 527~535
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.527
The findings of the study illustrated that the college students felt more stress when they had to receive treatment for the sake of oral health, and that they experienced less stress when they took good care of their oral health for preventive purposes. A self-administered survey was conducted on 235 junior college students whose majors were unrelated to health in the region of Jeollanam-do from March 4 to 30, 2015. A total of 27.2% of the respondents had received dental caries treatment, and 48.1% had received periodontal treatment. When the stress of the college students about personality, appearance, families and interpersonal relationship was measured, they were most stressed out about their personality (
). Specifically, they scored highest in the item "It's such a hassle to do something" (
), and scored lowest in the item "I was concerned about someone else's problem" (
). The female students experienced more stress about their appearance, personality, families and interpersonal relationship than the male students. The male students felt more stress about their studies than the female students. The college students who had dental caries and periodontal diseases suffered stress that was above the average level, and the stress level of the group that had scaling experience and/or had received toothbrushing education, namely taking care of oral health for preventive purposes, was more below average than the other group that didn't. In a word, it's urgently required to take measures to prevent college students from having oral diseases, as the students who suffered from oral diseases and received treatment were more stressed out. The implementation and revitalization of systemized educational programs are required to help college students stay away from oral diseases to promote their oral health.
Evaluation of Marginal and Internal Gap of Cobalt-Chromium Sintering Metal Coping Fabricated by Dental CAD/CAM System
Kim, Dong-Yeon ; Sin, Chun-Ho ; Jung, Il-Do ; Kim, Ji-Hwan ; Kim, Woong-Chul ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 536~541
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.536
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the marginal and internal gap of Cobalt (Co)-Chromium (Cr) sintering metal coping fabricated by dental computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing systems. Abutment tooth 46 of universal numbering system was selected for the study. Twenty Co-Cr metal copings of two groups were manufactured and scanned. Co-Cr cast metal copings (CCM) group of ten were fabricated using investment, burnout and casing after subtractive manufacturing of wax block. Also, Co-Cr sintering metal copings (CSM) group of ten were fabricated using sintering processing after subtractive manufacturing of Co-Cr soft metal bock. Marginal and internal gap of Co-Cr metal copings of twenty were measured by digital microscope (
) with silicone replica technique. The data was analyzed from IBM SPSS Statistics ver. 22.0 Statistical software for Mann-Whitney U test (
deviation of marginal gap of CCM group was
of CSM group was
. However, two groups was statistically not different (p>0.05). This study showed that CSM group was clinically acceptable adaptation.
Oral Health Belief and Oral Health Behavior of Taxi Driver in Jeollabuk-do
Kim, Sun-Mi ; Lee, Heung-Soo ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 542~550
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.542
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the oral health behavior and oral health belief of transportation workers. The subjects in this study were 270 selected taxi drivers who engaged in the taxi transportation industry in Jeollabuk-do. They were selected by convenience sampling. To determine the influence of their general characteristics and oral health belief on scaling experience and oral health education experience, a logistic regression analysis was made. And a multiple regression analysis was made by selecting general characteristics and oral health behavior as independent variables and by selecting oral health belief as a dependent variable. A statistical package SPSS for Windows ver. 12.0 was employed to make all the statistical analysis. As a result of making the logistic regression analysis, benefit that was one of the subfactors of oral health belief had something to do with oral health education experience, and the subfactors that exerted an influence on scaling experience were benefit, susceptibility and barrier. When the multiple regression analysis was carried out to find out influential factors for oral health belief, monthly mean income had an impact on susceptibility and barrier among the subfactors of oral health belief, and self-rated oral health status affected seriousness and barrier. There were differences among the taxi drivers in oral health belief according to their own characteristics, and oral health belief was linked to oral health behavior. Therefore oral health belief and oral health behavior should be taken into account when it's planned to promote the oral health of taxi drivers.
Relationships among Emotional Leadership, Commitment, Patient Orientation, and Job Performance in Dental Hygienists
Kim, Yeon-Ju ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 551~559
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.551
This study intended to search for measures to effectively improve and manage the job performance and personality of dental hygienists. In this study, the effects on job performance of the following variables were analyzed: emotional leadership, commitment, and patient-orientation. The subjects of the study were 328 dental hygienists who were working in a dental clinic and the assessment was made based on a self-administered questionnaire. T-test, one-way ANOVA, and Stepwise multiple regression were performed for analysis. The average of emotional leadership was 3.48 points, and commitment was 3.30 points. Also, the average of patient-orientation was 3.95 points and that of job performance was 3.39 points. Emotional leadership and commitment, as well as patient-orientation and job performance, showed positive correlation (p<0.001). The factor with the highest correlation with job performance was patient-orientation (
), followed by the following: relationship management (
); age (
); self-awareness (
); social-awareness (
); and clinic type (
). Based from the results of the study, there is a need to recognize the relationship among emotional leadership, commitment, and patient-orientation in connection with job performance.
The Influence of Inservice Training on Organizational Socialization of New Dental Hygienists
Kim, Hye-Young ; Kim, Hyeong-Mi ; Lee, Jung-Suk ; Lee, Su-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 560~568
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.560
The aim of this study was to provide basic data that could give a positive effect for both new dental hygienists and dental institutions by identifying the impact of one the job training on the organizational socialization, targeting 162 new dental hygienists who currently worked in dental clinic. The data were analyzed using the chi-squire, independent-samples t-test, hierarchical regression analysis. It was shown that the characteristics and contents of a duration of inservice training for new dental hygienists, difficulty, satisfaction, and details of on-the-job training affected organizational socialization by 26.1%. The factor that had the greatest impact on the organizational socialization was dental hygiene service training, followed by guidance of hospital service regulations. This study was significant in that it applied the concept of organizational socialization to the dental hygienists. The future study on the more effective and systematic training program will be needed to help new dental hygienists be socialized more effectively in the new organization.
Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Status on Oral Health Care of Geriatric Care Workers in Long-Term Care Facilities
Jeon, Hyun-Sun ; Han, Sun-Young ; Chung, Won-Gyun ; Choi, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 569~576
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.569
The aim of this study was to assess the oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior among geriatric care workers in long-term care facilities. A self-administered questionnaire was obtained from 212 geriatric care workers attending a professional education program of 2014 dementia pilot project. The questionnaire consisted of 4 parts of the training experience (2 items), knowledge (16 items), attitude (13 items), and behavior (4 items) on oral health care. Collected data were analyzed by frequency analysis, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA using SPSS Statistics ver. 20.0. The percentage of educational experience on oral care was 27.9% and most respondents answered that they have received the education about denture cleaning (98.3%) and brushing method (91.4%). The average knowledge score was
, and respondents showed high-level agreement in 8 of the 10 items in attitude questions. They revealed difficulties in providing oral care to the elderly people because of their lack of knowledge. The deficiencies of knowledge about oral care would have a decisive effect on not only oral and general health, but also quality of life of the elderly people. Therefore, it is required to develop professional oral care training programs for geriatric care workers and support systems should be legalized.
Effect of Metal Chloride Coloring Liquids on Color and Strength Changes of Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystals
Oh, Jong-Jin ; Noh, Hyeong-Rok ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 577~584
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.577
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of metal chloride infiltration treatment on color and strength changes of the yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP). Fifty disc specimens were prepared with a Y-TZP powder (ZPEX; Tosoh, Japan). Thirty different metal chloride solutions containing 0.03~0.08 wt% chromium and 0.03~0.07 wt% terbium ions were prepared. Presintered Y-TZP specimens were soaked in metal chloride coloring liquids for 3 minutes and sintered in air at
for 2 hours. The color of the specimens was measured with spectrophotometer and color difference (
) was obtained based on the CIE
color coordinate values. To evaluate the effect of metal chloride infiltration strength changes, the biaxial flexural test was performed at crosshead speed 0.5 mm/min. Colors of the sintered Y-TZP showed the colors of Vita shade guide A1, A2 and A3 with the infiltration of chromium and terbium chloride solutions. Density of the sintered Y-TZP increased by the infiltration of chromium and terbium chloride solutions. Bi-axial flexural strength of the sintered Y-TZP did not show statistically significant differences by the infiltration of chromium and terbium chloride solutions (p>0.05). Chromium and terbium chloride did not affect the crystal phase of zirconia, and all specimens showed tetragonal phase. Accordingly, this study suggests that chromium and terbium chlorides can make colored zirconia while adding in a liquid form. The color of colored zirconia differ from that of vita shade guide but it can use all ceramic restoration as substructure in dental clinic.
Analysis of Business Performance in Dental Hygiene Process (ADPIE) in Dental Clinic
Oh, Jin-Young ; Han, Gyeong-Soon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 585~593
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.585
This study, the value of dental hygiene process and business performance among the dental clinics located in Gyeonggi province by comparing and analyzing the financial and non-financial results specifically in the department that provides and did not provide dental hygiene process (ADPIE). The collected data treated with percentage and t-test in utilization of IBM SPSS Statistics ver. 20.0. In terms of the medical cost per patient, the Department A (DA) that applied the dental hygiene process were 216,664 Korean Won (KRW) in 2013 and 324,810 KRW in 2014 whereas Department B (DB) which did not apply the dental hygiene process resulted in 184,655 KRW in 2013 and 225,698 KRW in 2014 (p<0.01). Regarding the number of daily patients, the DA showed increase of 8.08 (p=0.01) while DB showed increase of 2.42 patients (p>0.05). The medical consent rate was 89.17% in DA and 60.09% in DB in 2013 while showing 89.68% and 66.98% respectively in 2014 (p<0.001). The patients' revisit rate was 87.48% in DA and 44.92% in DB in 2013 and that of the DA and DB was 85.89% and 45.55% respectively in 2014 (p<0.001). The rate of regular check-up was 16.01% in DA and 2.53% in DB in 2013 and the same rate in 2014 showed 19.03% and 6.84% respectively in 2014 (p <0.001). The rate of referred patients was 38.46% and 29.98% respectively in DA and DB in 2013 whereas DA showed 47.59% and DB showed 30.77% in 2014 (p<0.05). According to the results, the medical system with dental hygiene process is verified to be a premium medical program that can improve satisfaction as well as management effectiveness in dental service.
Relationship of Oral Health Status and Oral Health Care to the Quality of Life in Patients of Dental Hospitals and Clinics
Yoon, Hyun-Seo ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 594~602
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.594
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of oral health status and oral health care to life. The subjects in this study were the patients who visited dental hospitals and clinics in several regions for seven months from March 2013. They got dental checkups, and a survey was conducted. The patients who received general treatment scored highest in Oral Health Impact Profile-14. Among the subfactors, the patients who received general treatment scored higher in functional limitation (8.27), physical pain (7.24), physical restrictions (7.90), social restrictions (7.79), physical limitations (8.14) and social difficulties (8.24). The patients who received orthodontic treatment scored higher in handicap (8.78). All the differences were statistically significant. As for gender gaps, the men scored higher in every factor. By age group, the older patients led a worse quality of life. By occupation, the homemakers mostly led a worse quality of life, and the patients who had no systemic diseases lived a better quality of life. All the differences were significant. Concerning self-rated health status and self-rated oral health state, the patients who found themselves to be in better health and in better oral health led a better quality of life. The differences were significant. Regarding oral health care, the patients who didn't get regular dental checkups and who could visit a dental clinic whenever they had a pain lived a better quality of life. The differences were significant. In terms of oral health status, a higher quality of life was found among the patients who had sound teeth, whose teeth received no sealant treatment, whose teeth received no filling therapy, who had no missing tooth, whose teeth received no prosthetic treatment and who had no dental implants teeth.
The Noise Level Assessment of Dental Equipment
Lee, Jeong-Suk ; Han, Ye-Seul ; Cho, Young-Sik ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 603~611
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.603
This research is aimed at cutting off hearing loss and other harmful factors due to noise and providing basic material for noise reduction plan. As the research method, this research assessed noise by measuring acoustic pressure level and frequency in various situation of non-treatment and treatment. As the measurement result, average noise degree of high speed handpiece of non-treatment, ultrasonic waves scaler, and low speed handpiece showed 58~66 dB(A). Average noise degree of scaling of treatment, tooth elimination, and denture adjust showed 73~81 dB(A). The result is inferior to recognized standards of noise induced hearing loss. But the result of assessing this with (noise rating) NR curve was NR-73~78, which exceeded general workplace noise standard. This level can cause hearing loss when exposed to a long time. Therefore, treatment office noise during dental treatment can cause psychological and physical damage in dental clinic employees, and it is urgently required to establish systematic and active noise reduction plan.
Association between Oral Health Status and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Choi, Eun Sil ; Cho, Han-A ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 612~619
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.612
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between oral health status and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The study used a nationally representative sample of Koreans (2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) aged 19 years over (n=6,113). Dependent variable was RA, which was assessed with oral health status. Independent variable was oral health status (periodontal status, missing tooth). The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the association between oral health status and RA. Results of logistic regression analysis for association between periodontal status and RA was no significant. Results of logistic regression analysis for association between missing tooth and RA was statistically significant. The odds ratio (OR) for RA participants was 3.03 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.47~6.23) in missing tooth 19~28 than missing tooth 0~8. The OR for RA participants was 2.08 (95% CI, 1.06~4.08) in missing tooth 9~18 than missing tooth 0~8. After adjustment for confounders (socio-demographic factors, health behaviors), results of logistic regression analysis was no significant. More missing tooth among adults was greater the risk of RA. By promoting the improvement of oral hygiene and oral health would contribute to reduce the risks associated with systemic diseases. Future study is needed to examine the detailed causal relations between oral health status and RA bidirectionally.
Awareness and Satisfaction of Health Insurance Coverage of Dental Scaling
Hwang, Youn-Jung ; Cho, Young-Sik ; Lee, Su-Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 620~627
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.620
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with medical care utilization, the level of recognition, satisfaction, revisit and recommendation after implementing the expanded health insurance coverage of dental scaling. A questionnaire survey was conducted and analyzed among 608 adults living in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do April 1st to 30th, 2014. The results of the survey are as follows: 76.9% of the respondents know the expanded health insurance coverage, which is influenced by educational background and monthly income. The level of satisfaction, revisit and recommendation intention is affected meaningfully by educational background. Two factors, high school graduate or less and dental hygienist, meaningfully affect patients' satisfaction with scaling, and recommendation from others and Internet searching contribute to revisit. High school graduate or less is also one of the factors affecting the intention of recommendation, along with recommendation from others, Internet searching, scaling by a dental hygienist, and oral hygiene education before scaling. Summing up the results, patient's satisfaction and intention to recommend are high when dental hygienists provide oral hygiene instruction prior to scaling. This study suggests that dental hygienists help patients feel comfortable before treatment by building rapport with them. In addition, it is required that consistent efforts for quality improvement in scaling be sustained, that the patient's needs be identified to increase their satisfaction with scaling, and that studies to verify relevant factors be conducted.
The Effect of Evaluation on Career Support by the College and Career Exploration Efficacy of Dental Hygiene Students on the Career Exploration Behavior
Jeon, Eun-Suk ; Noh, Eun-Mi ; Ko, Hyo-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 628~635
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.628
For the purpose of investigating the effect of evaluation on career support by the college and career exploration efficacy of dental hygiene students on the career exploration behavior, a survey was conducted in December 2014 with students of dental hygiene at universities located in Ulsan and Daegu as subjects. In the result, correlation was found among sub-factors of evaluation on career support by the college, career exploration efficacy, and career exploration behavior. Increase of career exploration efficacy (
, p<0.001), practical career support (
, p<0.05), and relationship establishment efficacy (
, p<0.05) led to increase of career exploration behavior, while increase of individual exploration efficacy (
, p<0.001) led to decrease of career exploration efficacy. Therefore, it is necessary to build appropriate value system related to job seeking, conduct active discussions to increase relationship establishment efficacy by using interpersonal relationship reinforcement program, and expand career support program by the college.
The Study on Oral Health Recognition and Aesthetic Interest of Flight Attendant
Kim, Seol-Hee ; Lee, Jung-Hyun ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 636~641
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.636
The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health recognition and aesthetic interest of flight attendant. The data was collected 314 flight attendant from June to July 2014 in A Airlines. Questionnaires were used to measure the levels of the health & oral health recognition, experience and requirement of oral esthetic therapy. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, structural equating model by the PASW Statistics 18.0 program. According to the research result, oral health awareness were not healthier than general health. Oral health was an important factor to influence the external image. The flight attendant received aesthetic dental care to improve the external image. However, self-assessment results that oral health condition was significantly lower. Therefore they are required oral care practice with aesthetic dental care.
The Association between Oral Health Status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among Adolescents
Jung, Yun-Sook ; Choi, Soon-Lye ; Jung, Eun-Kyung ; Choi, Youn-Hee ; Song, Keun-Bae ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 642~649
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.642
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between oral health status and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) by using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) among adolescents in a metropolis of Korea. A total of 119 students in 1st grade in middle school and 1st grade in high school participated in this cross-sectional study. Oral examination was conducted by two trained dentists to collect in for mation about Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) and Community Periodontal Index (CPI). OHRQoL was evaluated by short-form of OHIP-14. Wilcoxon correlation, Kruskal-Wallis test and multiple regression analyses were performed to assess the association between oral health status and OHRQoL. All data was analyzed by SPSS 22.0 and the significance level was set at 0.05. The average of OHIP-14 score in adolescents having no dental caries (
) was higher than those having more than one DMFT index (
). The average of OHIP-14 score in adolescents having bleeding observed (
) was higher than those having more than calculus detected (
). The level of OHRQoL was higher in the participants perceiving better oral health condition compared to those perceiving poorer condition (p<0.05). The result of this study could provide the information that OHRQoL from adolescents positively associated with self-assessed oral health status than oral health with DMFT and CPI. Further studies are needed to well-designed follow-up studies.
The Effects of Dental Hygienists' LMX (Leader-Member Exchange) and Empowerment on Organizational Performance
Noh, Eun-Mi ; Jeon, Eun-Suk ; Ko, Hyo-Jin ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 650~658
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.650
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of dental hygienists' leader-member exchange (LMX) and empowerment on organizational performance, improve human resource management in their organization and their job satisfaction and organizational commitment, and provide basic data that could help improve organizational performance. A survey was conducted in 324 dental hygienists at dental care institutions in Ulsan, Busan, and Daegu from March 2 to 31, 2015 and the following results were obtained: Dental hygienists at dental hospitals had higher levels of LMX than those at dental clinics; those who were at higher positions, who were older, and who were more educated showed higher levels of empowerment. There was significant, positive correlation between LMX and empowerment and job satisfaction and organizational commitment: dental hygienists with better LMX and higher levels of empowerment showed higher levels of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. For dental hygienists, significance (
, p<0.001) exerted the greatest impact on job satisfaction, followed by organizational commitment (
, p<0.001) and competence (
, p<0.01) and LMX (
, p<0.001) had the greatest impact on organizational commitment, followed by job satisfaction (
, p<0.001) and significance (
, p<0.001).To put the results together, dental hygienists in dental care practice had their job satisfaction and organizational commitment affected by LMX and empowerment; therefore, it is necessary to develop diverse education programs with the objective of promoting mutual exchange between a manager of dental hygienists' team and members and improving empowerment.
Effects of Flushing in Dental Unit Waterlines on the Bacterial Contamination Level
Yoon, Hye Young ; Lee, Si Young ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 659~665
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.659
A wide variety of methods have been used to control Dental Unit Waterline (DUWL) contamination. Among the methods, flushing is mainly used because it is simple and easy to use. Generally, flushing of DUWL for 20 or 30 sec before using high speed handpieces or scalers is recommended. However, the appropriateness of flushing time was not investigated thoroughly. The purpose of this study was to check the effective time of flushing for decreasing bacterial contamination. Seven dental unit chairs were randomly selected in student clinical simulation laboratory for this experiment. DUWLs were continuously flushed and water samples were collected at an interval of 30 seconds for 15 minutes. From five dental unit chairs, water samples were collected every 10 seconds for 1 minute. Bacterial levels in water samples were examined by the culture method on R2A plates. After 10 second flushing of DUWLs, the number of bacteria significantly reduced and decreased continuously up to 40 seconds. However, even after the water was flushed for 15 minutes, the bacterial contamination level was not reduced below recommended bacteria level, 200 CFU/ml. In addition to flushing, the periodic chemical disinfection is required to control the DUWL water to the recommended level.
The Relationship of Periodontal Health Recognition and Self Oral Hygiene Behaviors of Dental Clinic Inpatient
Jang, Ji-Eon ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 666~672
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.666
This paper was trying to investigate the periodontal health recognition and self oral hygiene behaviors and figure out that relationship. The results having analyzed 592 questionnaires returned patient who had visited the dental clinic which is selected randomly were following. There were relationships between the periodontal health recognition and self oral hygiene behaviors. Self oral hygiene behaviors were significantly high when, women did than men did, education level, subjective oral health status, and periodontal health recognition about managements were higher and periodontal health recognitions about treatment were lower. It was the periodontal health recognition that was influential the most in the independent variables. Therefore, knowledge related to the periodontal health should be educated to the patients visiting the dental clinic, and the patients should receive helps to perform self oral hygiene behaviors by inducing the transition of attitude to periodontal health.
Reliability and Accuracy of Digital Impression Obtained from CS-3500 Intraoral Scanner
Kim, Sa-Hak ; Kim, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Chong-Kyen ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 673~678
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.673
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and accuracy of linear measurements in digital models compared to master model. A master model (ANKA-4; Frasaco GmbH, Tettnang, Germany) with the prepared upper full arch tooth was used. Four linear measurements were recorded between landmarks, directly on the master model and the digital models by a single examiner. Measurements were made with a digital caliper from manual model and with the software from the virtual models. The t-test for paired samples and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used for statistical analysis. The measurement of two methods showed good reliability. The mean differences between master and digital model were 0.06~0.12 mm. These in vitro studies show that accuracy and reliability of the digital impression is similar to that of the gold standard. Therefore digital impression was also considered to be a acceptable for placement clinically.
The Effects of Job Stress and Psychosocial Stress among Dental Hygienists
Won, Young-Soon ; Oh, Han-Na ;
Journal of dental hygiene science, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 679~687
DOI : 10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.5.679
The purpose of this study was to examine the job stress and psychosocial stress of dental hygienists and risk factors related to psychosocial stress. The subjects in this study were 349 dental hygienists in dental hospitals and clinics located in Jeonbuk Province. A self-administered survey was conducted, and the collected data were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: The median of their total scores in job stress was 46.0, and the average of psychosocial stress scores was 23.67. As a result of analyzing their demographic characteristics and psychosocial stress, many of the respondents who were younger, who had less working experience and who drank once or twice a week belonged to the high-risk group of psychosocial stress (p<0.05). Concerning the relationship between job stress and psychosocial stress, many of the respondents who suffered from heavier job stress belonged to the high-risk group of psychosocial stress (p<0.05). The group whose occupational climate was less stressful was 3.6-fold more likely to belong to the high-risk group of psychosocial stress than the other whose workpalce culture was more stressful before the correction of the data, and the former was 3.4-fold more likely to do that than the latter after that. The group whose total score in workplace stress was higher was 2.3-fold more likely to belong to the high-risk group of psychosocial stress than the other whose workplace stress was lower before the correction of the data, and the former was 2.7-fold more likely to do that than the latter after that. Given the findings of the study, the development of job stress management programs is required, and everybody should make sustained self-management efforts to relieve their own stress and try to get rid of it in their own way.