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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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Korean Society for Railway
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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Research on the Transmission Loss Analysis of the Honeycomb Structure's Floor Section
Kim, Kwan-Ju ; Kim, Sang-Su ; Park, Jin-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~6
Sound transmission characteristics are investigated on the test specimen for the railway vehicle's floor section. Transmission loss on the honeycomb structure has been examined experimentally with the reverberation chamber. Predicted transmission loss values using NASTRAN, AUTOSEA2, are compared with measured Haloes and the effect of resonance on the transmission loss is identified. Transmission loss of different shapes of honeycomb structure are predicted.
An Experimental Study on the Critical Velocity Considering the Slope in Tunnel Fire
Kim, Seung-Ryoul ; Jang, Yong-Jun ; Ryou, Hong-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 7~12
An experimental study has been conducted to investigate the effect of tunnel slope on critical velocity by using the model funnel of the 1/20 reduced-scale applying the Floods scaling law. the square liquid pool burners were used for methanol, acetone and n-heptane fires. tunnel. Tunnel slopes varied as five different degrees
. The mass loss rate and the temperatures are measured by a load celt and K-type thermocouples for tunnel slope. Present study results in bigger the critical velocity than the research of Atikinson and Wu using the propane burner. Therefore, when estimating the critical velocity in slope tunnel, the variations of the heat release rate is an important factor. The reason is the ventilation velocity directly affects variation of heat release rate when slope tunnel fire occurred.
Unsteady Wind Pressure Analysis on PSD Considering Subway Station Configurations
Kim, Yu-Sung ; Kim, Yo-Han ; Shin, Kwang-Bok ; Lee, Eun-Kyu ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 13~18
In this study, unsteady wind pressure analyses on platform screen door (PSD) have been conducted considering the flow intereference effects between the moving train and the configuration of subway station. The major role of PSD prevents passenger accidents, wind pressure, polluted dust and noise when the train is entering the station platform. Computational fluid dynamic method with moving gird algorithm has been adopted to accurately predict unsteady pressure levels exerted on the PSD. Closed and open type station configuration are considered. Also, wind pressure levels for passing and stopping drive motion of the entering train are presented and practically compared each other.
A Conceptual Procedure of RAMS Centered Maintenance for Railway Systems
Kim, Jong-Woon ; Park, Jun-Seo ; Lee, Ho-Yong ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~25
There are two main parts to improve the quality and the efficiency of railway service. One is to acquire the system with high RAMS performance and the other is to keep it up. Therefore we need to specify RAMS requirements in the system specifications and verify them. In addition, it is necessary to monitor RAMS and to make operation and maintenance policies based on RAMS. This article presents RAMS centered maintenance procedure of which target is to continuously achieve the inherent RAMS performance of the acquired system. The method to evaluate the effect on RAMS and the conceptual optimal model for determining maintenance interval are also proposed.
PBS Construction by Using DSM
Kim, Chan-Mook ; Park, Young-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 26~32
This paper discusses WBS (Work Breakdown Structure) that is known for technique of basic project management. The WBS use in domestic industries often exhibit errors in Its structure. The most common serious error is space-oriented breakdown structure of PBS (Product Breakdown Structure) that becomes the core element of the WBS. This paper proposes a method to correct the problem of space-oriented breakdown structure constructed in domestic railroad industry. DSM method was adopted to construct PBS containing function-oriented structure. The proposed process and method will contribute to minimize time that take to construct an accurate and useful PBS.
Structural Analysis of Locking Parts in the Gauge -Adjustable Wheelset
Kim, Chul-Su ; Chang, Cheon-Soo ; Jang, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Jung-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 33~38
To reduce the cost and time of transport in Eurasian railroad networks such as TKR, TCR and TSR owing to the problem of different track gauges (narrow/standard/broad gauge), it is important to develop the gauge-adjustable wheelset system to adapt easily to these gauges. Moreover, freight trains having the gauge-adjustable wheelsets should be passing various curved tracks in railroad networks. Therefore, to assure the safety of the gauge-adjustment whellset system, it is necessary to evaluate integrity of locking parts in the system using stress analysis. This study is focused on analyzing contact stress of locking parts by using FEA(finite element analysis) simulation during the gauge changeover operation and freight trains' service in the curved track, respectively.
Effects of the Design Parameters of Suspension Systems on the Bounce of Electric Trains
Park, Ki-Soo ; Choi, Yeon-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 39~44
A two degree-of-freedom model for the bogie and car body of an EMU(Electrical Multiple Unit) was implemented on the basis of the experimental data which was actually measured during the running test of an EMU. The air spring of the EMU was modeled using Nishimura's air spring model to accommodate viscoelastic characteristics. Numerical simulation for the variation of th e design parameters of the suspension system shows that reduction of the stiffness of the air spring by decreasing the internal pressure of the air tank or increasing the size of the auxiliary tank can reduce the bounce of the car body within the stability range of the suspension system.
Priority Decision Making for Planning A Long-term Sustainable High-speed Rail Network using Multi-Attribute Utility Theory
Park, Jin-Kyung ; Eom, Jin-Ki ; Lee, Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 45~53
With the growing international consensus regarding sustainable development of transportation, the plan of transportation infrastructure needs to meet various requirements toward enhancing environmental conditions. Accordingly, the upcoming long-term plan of high-speed rail network has to be reflecting the sustainability of transportation systems. In this paper, we demonstrate an application of methodologies based on multi-attribute utility theory for determining priorities of sustainable high-speed rail investment. The proposed methodologies identify indicators for sustainable transportation systems such as economic, environmental, and social ones and then, evaluate priority for planning a long-term sustainable high-speed rail network by comparing the relative importance among indicators. This will help transportation agencies to prioritize high-speed rail investment toward sustainable transportation systems.
Resilient Moduli of Sub-ballast and Subgrade Materials
Park, Chul-Soo ; Choi, Chan-Yong ; Choi, Choong-Lak ; Mok, Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 54~60
In the trackbed design using elastic multilayer model, the stress-dependent resilient modulus
is an important input parameter, that is, reflects substructure performance under repeated traffic loading. However, the evaluation method for resilient modulus using repeated loading triaxial test is not fully developed for practical purpose, because of costly equipment and the significantly fluctuated values depending on the testing equipment and laboratory personnel. The this study, the paper will present an indirect method to estimate the resilient modulus using dynamic properties. The resilient modulus of crushed stone, which is the typical material of sub-ballast, was calculated with the measured dynamic properties and the range of stress level of the sub-ballast, and approximated with the power model combined with bulk and deviatoric stresses. The resilient modulus of coarse grained material decreases with increasing deviatoric stress at a confining pressure, and increases with increasing bulk stress. Sandy soil (SM classified from Unified Soil Classification System) of subgrade was also evaluated and best fitted with the power model of deviatoric stress only.
Evaluation of the Resilient and Permanent Behaviors of Cohesive Soils
SaGong, Myung ; Kim, Dae-Hyeon ; Choi, Chan-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 61~68
Resilient modulus has been used for characterizing the stress-strain behavior of subgrade soils subjected to traffic loadings. With the recent release of the M-E Design Guide, highway agencies are further encouraged to implement the resilient modulus test to improve subgrade design. The subgrade design for the trackbed, however, is primarily relying on the static test results such as
and deformation modulus, Ev. Therefore applicability of the resilient modulus for the design of trackbed needs to be evaluated. In this study, physical property tests, unconfined compressive tests and resilient modulus tests were conducted to assess the resilient and permanent strain behavior of 14 cohesive subgrade soils. A predictive model for estimating the resilient modulus is proposed based on the results of unconfined compressive tests and tangent elastic modulus, unconfined compressive strength, failure strain, secant modulus at peak, and yield strain. The predicted resilient moduli using the predictive models compared satisfactorily with measured ones. Although the permanent strain occurs during the resilient modulus test, the permanent behavior of subgrade soils is currently not taken into consideration.
Design of Management Information Base for SNMP-based Power Line Communication System Applicable to Railway Vehicles
An, Jin-Ung ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Cho, Whang ; Lee, Key-Seo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 69~74
This paper presents the design and implementation of MIB for SNMP-based PLC system which is applicable to communication for railway vehicles. The proposed MIB has four nodes which are "Basic Information", "Configuration", "Stats", and "Alarm." The essential peripheral functions for "Alarm" to improve the performance of PLC are deyised. ACF is for auto connecting devices without intervention of the user. DEC is for checking the loss of data and the presence of error. DLPF is for preventing the loss of data and error To evaluate the proposed system, the experimental set-up is developed and the experiments are successfully carried out. The conclusion points out that the suggested MIB contributes the betterment of the conventional PLC systems.
Stochastic Model for SPAD Human Reliability
Lee, Kang-Won ; Chung, In-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 75~80
Human factors still play a significant part in many railway accidents. It is well blown that SPAD (Signal Passed at Danger) remains as the single most cause of railway accidents. In this study a stochastic model is developed to quantify SPAD human reliability. This model provides closed-form mathematical expressions into which multiple factors affecting the reliability of man-machine systems can be incorporated. Two basic elements are combined to form the framework for modeling: random signal occurrence and transient human performance characteristics.
The Comparative Study of the UK and Japan's Rail Privatization, Focusing on Policy Process and Outcomes
Lee, Yong-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 81~94
Recently, most of countries have been adopting the policies that aim to deal with the Problems of road congestion, environmental problems and the decreasing the volume of rall. A vital important subject is the reform of railways. Actually, the reform of railways has been carried out in various kind of ways, however the most epoch-making policy has been privatization of railways. Historically, Japan made the first step when it carried out regional privatization, unifying the infrastructure and operation. It created a 6 passenger enterprises and 1 freight enterprise. Meanwhile, in the case of the UK, discussion about rail privatization started the middle of 1980 and was implemented in 1994. It was implemented according to a functional division based on a separation of infrastructure and operation, creating a lot of different enterprises. With regard to the UK and Japan, there have been some debates about the methods of privatization, in particular, some scholars suggest that the rail accidents in the UK are a result of division of the infrastructure and operation. In addition to, some insist that the accident which occurred on 27th April 2005 at Hukujiyama in Japan was also attributable to the emphasis on profitable management. This paper examines the process and outcomes of rail privatization between the UK and Japan, especially focusing on different methods of privatization. This paper may provide some lessens for rail privatization policy. First, the rail privatization policy needs a enough time to complete the scheme. Second it is require to participate in the consumer, mass communication and rail of ncers who are involved the operation. Third, it is essential to have a huge investment, high technology and strong organization to drive.
The Passenger Evacuation Simulation Using Fluent and EXODUS
Jang, Yong-Jun ; Lee, Chang-Hyun ; Park, Won-Hee ; Jung, Woo-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 95~100
The simulation analysis of fire-driven flow and passenger evacuation in Daegu subway station, Chung-Ang, have been performed. The first location of outbreak of fire is inside passenger car in the third basement in Chung-Aug station, The smoke flow in the second and third basement has been analyzed using FLUENT 6.2. The CO (carbon monoxide) and temperature distribution in the train units and station platform have been obtained and transferred to input data for evacuation simulation. The highest temperature in the train units was 1500k. For the simulation of passenger evacuation, EXODUS has been used for whole basements (level 1
level 3) in the station. Total number of people was assumed to be one thousand and 640 were placed inside train and 360 were placed outside train. In evacuation simulation, an average of 135 passengers were killed and an average time to evacuate takes 10min 19sec. The main evacuation routes used by passengers were investigated and the cause of death was identified by evacuation simulation
A Study On Operational Architecture Development Method for Railway System Safety Assessment
Jang, Jae-Deuck ; Park, Young-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 101~106
Recently, Architecture Frameworks are used to develop Information Management System (IMS). This paper describes an operational architecture development method for railway system safety assessment. using DoDAF (Department of Defense Architecture framework). The need of IMS is increasing to perform safety assessment task effectively and efficiently as safety-critical system like railway System. It is necessary that operational architecture based IMS requirements generated fir safety assessment. ARP(Aerospace Recommended Practice)4761 are referred to develop safety assessment operational architecture applicable to railway system. Firstly, schema and template was developed to perform the operational architecture development process using a commercial CASysE(Computer-Aided Systems engineering) tool, CORE. Not only the operational architecture allows building flexible IMS, but also helps business process solving.
Corrosion Fatigue Reliability-Based Life Cycle Cost Analysis of High-Speed Railway Steel Bridges
Cho, Hyo-Nam ; Jeon, Hong-Min ; Sun, Jong-Wan ; Youn, Man-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 11, issue 1, 2008, Pages 107~113
As it recently appears that LCC (Life Cycle Cost) analysis may be considered as an essential method for economic evaluation of infrastructures. Many researches have been made to assess LCC of each facility based on reasonable methods. However, expected maintenance repair cost must be reasonably estimated to enhance the reliability of LCC analysis through systematic and rational methods. This study is intended to propose a rational approach to reliability-based LCC analysis of high-speed railway steel bridges considering lifetime corrosion and fatigue damage. However in Korea, since high speed railway steel bridges are only recently constructed, no direct statistical data are available for the account of the maintenance cost and thus their maintenance characteristics are not clear yet. In this paper, for the assessment of expected maintenance/repair cost, the fatigue system reliability analysis incorporating the corrosion effect is proposed by considering the corrosion and fatigue damage using measured data of high speed railway steel bridges. A model proposed by Rahgozar, of at for fatigue notch factor considering the corrosion effect is used in order to incorporate the corrosion effect into the fatigue strength reduction and S-N curve. Finally, the effectiveness of LCC model proposed for high-speed railway steel bridges is demonstrated by a numerical example.