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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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Korean Society for Railway
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
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A Three Dimensional Wheelset Dynamic Analysis considering Wheel-rail Two Point Contact
Kang, Ju-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.001
Wheelset dynamic analysis is a key element to determine the degree of accuracy of railway vehicle dynamics. In this study, a three-dimensional wheelset dynamic analysis is presented in such a way that the precise wheel-rail contact analysis in three-dimension is implemented into the dynamic equations of a wheelset. A numerical procedure that can be used for the analysis of a wheelset dynamics when the wheel-rail two point contact occurs in a cornering maneuver is developed. Numerical solutions of the constraint equations and the dynamics equations of a wheelset are achieved by using Runge-Kutta method. The proposed wheelset dynamic analysis is validated by comparison against results obtained from VI-RAIL analysis.
A Running Stability Test of 1/5 Scaled Bogie using Small-Scaled Derailment Simulator
Eom, Beom-Gyu ; Kang, Bu-Byoung ; Lee, Hi-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.009
The dynamic stability of railway vehicle has been one of the important issues in railway safety. The dynamic simulator has been used in the study about the dynamic stability of railway vehicle and wheel/rail interface optimization. Especially, a small scale simulator has been widely used in the fundamental study in the laboratory instead of full scale roller rig which is not cost effective and inconvenient to achieve diverse design parameters. But the technique for the design of the small scale simulator about the dynamic characteristics of the wheel-rail system and the bogie system has not been well developed in Korea. Therefore, the research using the small-scaled derailment simulator and the 1/5 scaled bogie has been conducted. In this paper, we did running stability test of 1/5 scaled bogie using small-scaled derailment simulator. Also, for the operation of the small scaled simulator, it is required to investigate the performance and characteristics of the simulator system. This could be achieved by a comparative study between an analysis and an experiment. This paper presented the analytical model which could be used for verifying the test results and understanding of the physical behavior of the dynamic system comprising the small- scaled derailment simulator and the 1/5 scaled bogie.
The Wind Pressure Stability Analysis of the Platform Screen Door in Urban Railway
Song, Moon-Shuk ; Lee, Seung-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 17~22
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.017
Installation of screen doors at platform ensures safety of passengers by separating platform from tracks. Besides, it reduces drought and air pressure caused by train conserves heating and cooling energy in the station. In order to guarantee safety of platform screen doors, design considering evaluation of wind pressure requires. In this study, Sosa station, semisealed screen door and EMU are analyzed to estimate the wind pressure of platform screen doors model. Also Sosa station is influenced by climatic condition because it exposed to outside. Therefore, analysis on the wind pressure of platform screen doors is performed under the worst weather condition such as typhoon. The results of analysis, Maximum inside pressure 287 Pa, and consideration of outside pressure as typhoon to the maximum design pressure of 865 Pa 2756.25 Pa conditions approximately 3.1 times the difference can be seen that ensure stability.
Noise Sources Localization on High-Speed Trains by using a Microphone Array
Noh, Hee-Min ; Cho, Jun-Ho ; Choi, Sung-Hoon ; Hong, Suk-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 23~28
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.023
In this paper, noise of Korean high-speed trains (KTX) running at different speed from 150 to 300km/h was measured by a microphone array system. From the measurement, relation between maximum sound pressure levels and train moving speeds of KTX was drawn and a regression coefficient from the relation was also derived. Moreover, increases of SPL with speeds of KTX were analyzed in the frequency domain. From the analysis, sound characteristics of passing-by noise of KTX were provided. Then, dominant noise source areas were obtained from the measurements and propagation patterns of KTX in vertical direction were also investigated. Finally, noise sources of KTX were identified from inspection of noise maps.
Development of ATP Train Separation Control Simulator for Radio-based Train Control System
Yoon, Yong-Ki ; Oh, She-Chan ; Choi, June-Young ; Park, Jae-Young ; Yang, Hai-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.029
This paper includes ATP(Automatic Train Protection) simulator development and ATP algorithm verification to allocate wayside and train-borne and verify ATP functions of communications based train control system. The train control system has some characteristics such as simple structure and high safety when wireless communication technology is applied to the train control system. Especially, vital functions can be performed with in wayside and train-borne ATP. However, different system can be realized because I/F contents vary in accordance with vital functional allocation of ATP. Drawing characteristics in accordance with wayside and train-borne functional allocation and drawing I/F details affected by such characteristics are needed accordingly. This paper includes ATP simulator development creating train location information by direct activation of an electric motor, verifies train safety distance control algorithm of ATP by functional allocation such as train movement authority and train speed limit to ATP, and draws any supplementation needed. Appropriate simulated environment for verify ATP algorithm and main factors that affect to the ATP function were confirmed.
Study on the Speed Control Code Design for Fixed Block TCS
Lee, Kang-Mi ; Shin, Kyung-Ho ; Shin, Duc-Ko ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 37~41
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.037
Kyung-Bu High Speed Railway is operated in train control system(tcs) of fixed block operated in a way of dividing track circuits into several blocks in accordance with operation circumstances such as rolling stocks, grade, curves and facilities. The TCS of fixed block system refers to a continuous train control system, which transfers operational information such as entry and exit speed, distance-to-go, and deceleration etc. into on-board train control equipment on the basis of block occupancy of a preceding train. It guarantees a safe operation of trains by giving an emergency braking order, in case that a train exceeds an entry and exit speed of a corresponding block. In this paper, we analyze the speed control code deducing in accordance with maximum operation speed and characteristics of rolling stocks by analyzing principles of generation of speed control code allocated in blocks for safe operation, then train operational efficiency was analyzed by means of analysis of operation headway in accordance with the deduced speed control code. This study will be used to design in case of getting an increase in speed for existing high speed line or new high speed line TCS.
A Study on the Analysis of Reliability and Loss Cost by Appling k out of n System in Combined On-board Signaling System
Kim, Min-Kyu ; Cha, Gi-Ho ; Kim, Min-Seok ; Lee, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 42~47
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.042
There are ATC (Automatic Train Control), ATP (Automatic Train Protection), ATS (Automatic Train Stop) and ATO (Automatic Train Operation) etc. in train control systems. As various train control systems are installed according to sections, on-board signaling systems are installed to apply to the section. Hence, operation flexibility of trains is decreased. In other words, when trains are operated in the section where other train control systems are used, the on-board signaling systems are changed. Recently, a study on the combined on-board signaling system has been researched to solve this problem. The combined on-board signaling system consists of ATC, ATP and ATS device. Because the train control systems are vital, it needs to design the combined on-board signaling system by using k out of n system. In this paper, when k out of n system is applied in the combined on-board signaling system, the reliability and loss cost are analyzed by using failure rate in each device. Hence, the ideal number of systems is presented according to the number of outputs.
Assessment of Train Running Safety, Ride Comfort and Track Serviceability at Transition between Floating Slab Track and Conventional Concrete Track
Jang, Seung-Yup ; Yang, Sin-Chu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 48~61
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.048
It is of great importance to assure the running safety, ride comfort and serviceability in designing the floating slab track for mitigation of train-induced vibration. In this paper, for this, analyzed are the system requirements for the running safety, ride comfort and serviceability, and then, the behavior of train and track at the floating slab track including the transition zone to the conventional concrete slab track according to several main design variables such as system natural frequency, arrangement of spring at transition, spacing of spring isolators, damping ratio and train speed, using the dynamic analysis technique considering the train-track interaction. The results of this study demonstrate that the discontinuity of the support stiffness at the transition results in a drastic increase of the dynamic response such as wheel-rail interaction force, rail bending stress and rail uplift force. Hence, it is efficient to decrease the spacing of springs or to increase the spring constants at the transition to obtain the running safety and serviceability. On the other hand, the vehicle body acceleration as a measure of ride comfort is little affected by the discontinuity of the stiffness at the transition, but by the system tuning frequency; thus, to obtain the ride comfort, it is of great significance to select the appropriate system tuning frequency. In addition, the effects of damping ratio, spacing of springs and train speed on the dynamic behavior of the system have been discussed.
Analysis of dynamic behavior of Railroad Steel Bridges According to Bridge Bearing Types
Choi, Eun-Soo ; Choi, Seung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 62~70
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.062
Dynamic behaviors of line type bearings, spherical bearings and disk bearings which are being used for railway steel bridges are investigated, and that of the bridges is also analyzed. For the purpose, the vertical displacements of the three bearings including fixed and expansion type are measured and analyzed. Also, the deformation of the PTFE plate placed inside of spherical and disk bearings of expansion type is measured and its effect on the dynamic behavior of the bridges is discussed. The up-lift phenomenon at the bearings installed for the steel bridges is estimated. The vertical displacements at mid-span of the bridges are compared according to the bearing types. Finally, the 1st mode natural frequencies are estimated and the relationship to the vertical displacement is discussed.
The Effects of Environmental Adaptation Patterns in the Railway Public Enterprises on Marketing Capabilities and Organizational Performance: Focused on the Market Orientation of Korail and Subway Firms
Shin, Tack-Hyun ; Kim, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 71~79
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.071
The main purpose of this study is to depict the causal relationship among Market Orientation(MO), Marketing Capabilities(MC), and Organizational Performance(OP) with the moderating effect of Environmental Turbulence(ET), especially comparatively highlighting the differences between Korail and Subway firms. Findings show that there partly existed significant interactions effects between ET and MO in case of subway firms, whereas Korail did not reveal any significant results. When considering the strong relationship between MO and MC shown in the subway firms` case, it can be inferred that subway firms continuously have attempted to adapt to the external environment facing them more flexibly and actively over their counterpart, by which the degree of their MC became positively enhanced over Korail. These results give us some implication that MO should be internalized and also MC should get a higher consideration than ever throughout the railway public enterprises in order to strengthen their performance.
Evaluation of Metro Services based on Transit Smart Card Data (A Case Study of Incheon Line 1)
Eom, Jin-Ki ; Choi, Myoung-Hun ; Kim, Dae-Sung ; Lee, Jun ; Song, Ji-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 80~87
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.080
This study analyzed the quality of a commuter rail service of Incheon line 1 with respect to two service measures such as occupancy (crowdedness) and punctuality based on transit smart card data collected in 2009. In order to analyze the metro services by individual fleet, we aggregated the personal level card data into the fleet operated in each planned schedule. The results show a low level of service for both crowdedness and punctuality during peak hours at the line segment from `Gyeyang` to `International business district`. Further, a close relationship between vehicle occupancy and punctuality is found, which illustrates high passenger demand causes successive metro delay.
A study on Development of method for Train Schedule Simulation
Shin, Dae-Sup ; Park, Eun-Kyung ; Lee, Jin-Sun ; Lee, Seon-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 15, issue 1, 2012, Pages 88~95
DOI : 10.7782/JKSR.2012.15.1.088
Presently, because making process of train service plan consist of various constraint condition, for example structure of track, structure of track in station, train maintenance time and others for considering to be necessary of train management, it has been had extremely complex structure problems. For these reasons, it has big problems to compare analysis for various train service time-table. A study suggest methodology to choice service the most effective schedule and plan of train put before comparative analysis on making train diamond picture`s expected effect of established possible various train time-table in making process of train service schedule for improving effectiveness and organization of train service schedule establishment. A study uses Line-Blocking theory for analyzing train service time-table and analyze example for regional train Sadang to Ansan section in 4line.