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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society for railway
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Railway
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Advanced RFID System in Railway using the Parallel CRC Technique
Kang Tai-Kyu ; Lee Jae-Ho ; Shin Seok-Kyun ; Lee Jae-Hoon ; Lee Key-Seo ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~5
This paper has presented the parallel cyclic redundancy check (CRC) technique that performs CRC computation in parallel superior to the conventional CRC technique that processes data bits serially. Also, it has showed that the implemented parallel CRC circuit has been successfully applied to the inductively coupled passive RFTD system working at a frequency of 13.56㎒ in order to process the detection of logical faults more fast and the system has been verified experimentally. In comparison with previous works, the proposed RFID system using the parallel CRC technique has been shown to reduce the latency and increase the data processing rates about 15％ In the results. Therefore, it seems reasonable to conclude that the parallel CRC realization in the RFID system offers a means of maintaining the integrity of data in the high speed RFID system.
A Study on the Ballast-flying Phenomena by Strong Wind Induced by High-speed Train
Kwon Hyeok-Bin ; Park Choon-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 6~14
The mechanism of ballast-flying phenomena by strong wind induced by high-speed trains has extensively been investigated by conducting wind tunnel test and field-measuring of wind velocity in the vicinity of the track. The ballast gathered from the Seoul-Busan high-speed railway track has been classified by mass and shape to find relationship between those properties and the characteristic of movement in high wind and 16-channel Kiel-probe array has been used to examine the detailed flow structure above the surface of the track. The probability of ballast-flying during the passage of the high-speed train has been assessed comparing the results from wind tunnel test and that from field-measuring. The results shows that when the G7 train runs well as the KTX train runs at 300km/h, about 25m/s wind gust is induced just above the tie and the probability far small ballast under 50g to fly is about 50％ when it is on the tie. If the G7 train runs at 350km/h, the wind gust just above the tie increases to 30m/s, therefore radical countermeasure seems to be needed.
Characteristics of Washed-off Pollutants from Railway Station During Storms
Kim Lee-Hyung ; Oa Sunguk ; Lee Seonha ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 15~20
The ministry of Environment, Korea, are designing the TMDL(Total Maximum daily Load) program far 4 major large rivers to improve water quality from possible pollutants. It can be successfully performed as controling of nonpoint pollutants from watershed area. Railway stations are stormwater intensive land use because of high imperviousness and high pollutant mass emissions from various activities. Especially the metal pollutants from the railway station were recognized as an important pollutants because of its toxicities. In order to characterize the washed-off pollutants. the monitoring were performed on a railway station during storms. Pollutant concentrations are exponentially decreasing during the storm duration. The 95％ confidence interval of pollutant concentrations in an hour storm duration ranges from 61.6 to 115.4mg/L for TSS(mean=88.50mg/L),103.8-244.1mg/L for COD(mean=174 mg/L) and 7.68-17.32mg/L for Oil & Grease(mean=12.5mg/L). The ranges of metals were 39.2-84.0
/L for total Cu(mean=61.6
/L for total Pb(mean=19.9
/L) and 182.2-376.l
/L for total Zn(mean=279.2
/L). The first flush criteria for best management practices can be suggested to 50％ pollutant mass emissions during 30％ of the total flow.
A study on the change of the fatigue life and the fracture morphology due to the carbon black on the Natural rubber for vibration-proof
Kim Jae-Hoon ; Hur Hyun-Moo ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 21~26
The effects of carbon black on the fatigue lift and the fracture morphology and the carbon black dispersion of the carbon-black filled natural rubbers, for the vibration-proof, were investigated. Different kinds of carbon blacks resulted in different fatigue lift and fracture morphologies, which are classified by micro-scale and macro-scale fracture morphologies. These results be related to the size distribution of carbon black particles, the development of the carbon black agglomerate and the combine forces between the carbon black and the natural rubber.
Development of a 6DOF Motion Platform for the Tilting Train Simulator
Kim Nam-Po ; Song Young-Soo ; Han Seong-Ho ; Choi Kang-Yeon ; Kim Jung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 27~33
This paper presents a development of 6DOF motion platform far a tilting train simulator. The tilting train simulator will be used to verify the tilting electronics and tilting control algorithm which are to be applied the Korean 180km/h tilting train. The tilting train simulator is composed of a 6-axis motion platform, a track generation system, a graphic user interface, and a visualization system with 1600mm-diameter dome screen. In this study, the 6DOF motion platform for a tilting train simulator has been designed and manufactured. The motion platform developed is a motion platform of Stewart type. The inverse kinematic analysis has been performed to determine the length of the links of the platform. Furthermore, the specification of the motors have been evaluated by the equation of motion of the platform.
Characterization of the Tilting Link Mechanism for the Tilting Train
Kim Nam-Po ; Kim Jung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 34~40
This study presents parametric studies for design of a tilting mechanism to be used in 180km/h tilting train. The tilling mechanism is composed of 4 links, a lilting bolster old an electro-mechanical actuator. The movements of the tiling center, CG of the train body, coupler center and tilting actuator along variation of upper and lower span length have been verified by the kinematic analysis. Moreover, the inclination angle and the stroke of the tilting actuator according to the variation of the tilting angle from +8 degrees to -8 degrees have been investigated. From this study, the relation between the movements of the CG of the train body, coupler center and tilting actuator and the height of the tilting center could be evaluated.
The Effect of Secondary Members on the Behavior of Steel-Concrete Composite Two-Girder Railway Bridges
Bae Doo-byong ; Cho Joon-hee ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 41~50
Steel -Concrete Composite two girder railway bridges applying high performance steel with extra thick plate have economic and aesthetic advantages due to the simplification of manufacturing and construction process. However, steel bridges are seldom adopted in domestic railway bridge, since steel bridges are not efficient as R.C bridges considering dynamic characteristics and noise, etc. While highway bridges do not have lower horizontal bracing and larger interval of diaphragm cross beam, railway bridges install lower horizontal bracings to control the torsion due to heavy eccentrical line load. Accurate finite element analysis were performed with the parameters of existence of bracing and bracing shape, with the cross beam interval and stiffness, etc. To find out the effects of secondary members such as horizontal bracings and diaphragms, static md dynamic analysis have been performed by using finite element method. In this study, few member plate-girder bridges are analyzed with variable span lengths to examine the dynamic behavior and limits of damping. And though lateral bracings are members against torsion, but lateral bracing's absence is no big problem. Time history analysis using mode superposition method makes proof of this result.
Current Collection Performance of Catenary System within Tunnel Section
Son Gun-Ho ; Lee Seung-Il ; Choi Yeon-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 51~56
A dynamic simulation program of a catenary-pantograph system including tunnel section and transient section is developed in this study. The simulation program can accommodate for the pantograph of two panheads and three d.o.f model. Using the developed program, the dynamic characteristics with a SCHUNK'S WBL 85-PANTOGRAPH are analyzed at the conventional TAEBAEK line and its tunnel section when the catenary system is supported by a tunnel bracket. The simulation results show that the variation of contact force md uplift displacement is allowable in general section and the entrance and exit of a tunnel, but the uplift displacement and the separation ratio within tunnel section is difficult to allow.
Frost Heaving Pressure and Physical Characteristics of the Railway Roadbed Materials
Shin Eun-Chul ; Park Jeong-Jun ; Kim Jong-In ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 57~62
The frost heaving pressure can be a problem for weakening of the railway roadbed material. This study was initiated to investigate the soils frost heaving pressure and physical characteristics(Liquid limit, permeability, SEM analysis) resulting from freezing and freezing-thawing cycle process. Therefore, upon freezing a saturated soil in a closed-system from the top, a considerable pressure was developed. Weathered granite soils, sandy soil were used in the laboratory freezing test which sometimes subjected to thermal gradients under closed-systems. The frost heaving pressure arising within the soil samples and the temperature of the samples inside were monitored with elapsed time. The degree of saturation versus heaving pressure curve is also presented for weathered granite soil and the maximum pressure is closely related to this curve. Based on the laboratory test results, fine-grained soils with strong attractive forces between soil grains md water molecules, and additional water is attracted into the pores leading to further volume changes and ice segregation.
A Fundamental Study on the Korea Rail History -Focused on Continuity and Severance-
Lee Yong-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 63~81
In this Paper, Ⅰ illustrate the continuity and severance of Korean railroad. The Korean railroad has been running for 105 years now since it started operation in 1899. Between 1905 and 1945, Japan's imperial government ruled Korea including operations of the railroad. After Korea restored its sovereignty, Korean nationals managed the Korean railroad with our own ability and strategies. At present, we can examine the effect of railroad in perspective of continuity and severance respectively. For one thing, the concept of continuity is described as influence or railroad still remains. For another, the severance shows facts and phenomena that are broken off. I have come up with some facts that are involved with continuity. For example, infrastructure and the formation of cities and land spaces are connected with the sequence. Futhermore, the railroad has made a huge dent in modernization and expedition of movement. In the course of tracing down the facts, I classified the concept of severance : the separation of South and North Korea, drastic changes in transport policy, operations and characteristics. Finally technology has brought about a major breakthrough with the development of Koran high speed rail.
A Study on Continous and Discontinous Analysis of Tunnels in Jointed Rock Mass
Lee Joung-Sun ; Kim Si-Kyeok ; Kim Do-Hoon ; Jung Jae-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 82~86
Numerical methods to estimate behaviors of jointed rock mass can be roughly divided into two methods : continuous and discontinuous model. Generally, distinct element method(DEM) is applied in discontinuous model, and finite element method(FDM) or finite difference method(FDM) is utilized in continuum model. To predict a behavior of discontinuous model by DEM, it is essential to understand characteristics of joints developed in rock mass through field tests. However, results of field tests can not provide full information about rock mass because field tests are conducted in limited area. In this paper, discontinuous analysis by UDEC and continuous analysis by FLAC are utilized to estimate a behavior of a tunnel in jointed rock mass. For including discontinuous analysis in continuous analysis, joints in rock mass is considered by reducing rock mass properties obtained by RMR and decreasing shear strength of rock mass. By comparing and revising two analysis results, analysis results similar with practical behavior of a tunnel can be induced and appropriate support system is decided.
Study on the Aptitude Test for Efficient Railroad Management
Kang Soon-gy ; Hong Jung-sik ; Lee Jin-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 87~92
Numerous advance studies usually have focused on preventing human error through mechanization and automation; however, this study. by connecting with accidents caused by careless handling on the basis of the present aptitude test, aims at investigating an improving plan for the railroad safety management system. To attain this purpose, present situation and point at issue of the aptitude test were surveyed through the questionnaire. Through this research, the aptitude test on railroad safety might be systematically improved by reforming some institutional issues.
Verification of the Validity for the Speed-limit Regulation on the Turnout System
Chung Woo-Jin ; Koo Dong-Whe ; Yang Shin-Choo ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 93~100
The turnout system is typical railway facility to be in the way of conventional railway line's speed-up. The KNR(Korean National Railroad) has a speed limit regulation (130km/h) for the passing the turnout to guarantee a safety. This research had been performed to confirm the propriety of this regulation by using experimental and analytical way before it was carried out. The reasonableness of the speed-limit regulation was judged base on the several experiments. It was proved that the regulation was not useless as it had been regarded and very important guide at least up to now.
The Basic Applicability Study of the Roller Test Rig using Numerical Analysis
Chung Woo-Jin ; Chung Heung-Chai ;
Journal of the Korean society for railway, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 101~109
Roller test rig is the test facility for acquiring the data related dynamic characteristics of rolling stocks handily. The test method using roller test rig could be convenient to Set information about hunting and others rather than using field test. However, adopting this method brings about the inconvenient calibration process for measured data. This kind of additional effort results from the difference of contact condition between field test and test roller rig. In this paper, the numerical approach is used to get the amount of calibration. The analysis results of the field test are compared with results of the roller test rig to know what kind of alternation happens according to the change of contact condition.