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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Railway
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Calculation of Crack Width in SFRC Structures
Kang Bo-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 293~298
A method is described for predicting crack with and spacing in Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (SFRC). The crack behavior of SFRC influenced by longitudinal reinforcement ratio, volume and type of sleet fiber, strength of concrete. It can be observed from experimental results that addition of steel fiber to reinforced concrete beam reduces crack width in serviceability limit stales. The proposed method predicts crack widths in cracking stage of the beam. Calculated crack widths obtained for reinforced concrete beams and different volume and type of steel fiber, strength of concrete showed good agreement with experimental results.
A Study on the Corrosion and Fatigue of Structural Materials for Rolling Stock
Jang Se-Ky ; Kim Yong-Ki ; Coo Byeong-Choon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 299~307
In general, structural integrity of rolling stock structures should last more than 25 years. During the lifetime corrosive degradation occurs. For structural design and diagnosis, quantitative relationship between corrosive degradation and variation of mechanical properties such as tensile strength and fatigue strength is needed. In this study, first of all we established the atmospheric corrosion test procedure. At regular intervals using specimens of SM490A and SS400 on the atmospheric corrosion test bed, we carried out tensile and fatigue tests. The fatigue strength decreases as the atmospheric corrosion period increases. In addition we studied the effect of post-weld heat treatment on the tensile and fatigue behaviour and performed electrochemical corrosion tests.
Dynamic EMCs and Optimum Treatment Criteria for Stormwater Runoff of a Railway Station
Lim Kyeong-Ho ; Kim Kee-Dong ; Lee Byung-Sik ; Kim Lee-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 308~313
In order to successfully propel the stormwater management program, administration plan of stormwater management is enacted in Spring, 2005. Hereafter, in a newly developing area such as a railway station, the best management practices should be established to control the nonpoint pollutant. Construction of a railway station means the increasing of imperviousness rate and lots of nonpoint pollutant emissions during rainfall. Therefore this research was performed to determine the pollutant EMC and to suggest the possible best management practice for treating nonpoint pollutants from a railway station. The
confidence intervals of pollutant EMC were ranged to 69.4-115.2mg/L for TSS, 132.7-190.4mg/L for COD, 5.4-15.1ug/L for Oil & Grease, 4.9-12.4mg/L for TKN and 568.4-620.1ug/L for TP. The first flush criteria was ranged to 5-10mm accumulated rainfall using dynamic EMCs, Also laboratory reactor testing was performed. It shows that Zeolite media is useful for removing the washed-off pollutants from a railway station, especially for metal ions.
An Exploratory Development of Mathematical Programming Model for the Railway Conflict Resolution Problem on a Single Line Track
Oh Seog-Moon ; Hong Soon-Heum ; Kim Jae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 314~320
This paper is designed to help train dispatcher resolve railway conflicts in rent-time. We developed a mixed integer programming model to optimize the train schedule that determines the best overtaking or crossing positions, The objective of the model is to minimize the maximum lateness of the trains and reduce the total sum of the lateness, while satisfying the field constraints associated with the difference between passenger trains and freight trains, and the limited number of sidings. We applied the model on a portion of a single line track, Joong-Ang Line to ascertain the efficiency of the model, and showed how the model can be used to resolve the railway conflicts. The results indicates that our model can provide useful results in terms of optimal schedule for the test problem. This type of modeling approach would be useful for a train dispatcher to make a real-time railway conflict resolution.
An Analytical Study on Fatigue Strength Evaluation Procedure for the Bogie Frame of Tilting Railway Vehicle
Kim Nam-Po ; Kim Jung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 321~329
This paper has established the strength evaluation procedure of the bogie frame for the Korean tilting train that is being developed in KRRI, In order to establish the strength evaluation procedure, firstly, the loading conditions imposed on the tilting train were investigated. In addition, the static and fatigue strength of the bogie frame has been evaluated. In order to derive the dynamic loads according to the carbody tilting, the load redistribution effect by carbody tilting, the unbalanced lateral acceleration effect by high-speed curving and the tilting actuator force effect have been considered. Multi-body dynamic analyses have been carried out to evaluate the tilting load cases and the strength analysis has been performed by finite element analyses. From this study, the structural safety of the bogie frame could be ensured.
Development of a Control and Virtual Realty Visual System for the Tilting Train Simulator
Song Young-Soo ; Han Seong-Ho ; Kim Jung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 330~336
This paper presents a development of the control and the virtual reality visual system for a tilting train simulator. The user of the tilting train simulator is able to set up the environmental and operating conditions through the user interface provided by the control system. In the control system, an arbitrary track which has user-defined curve radius, length and direction can be generated. The virtual reality visual system provides an artificial environment that is composed of several facilities such as station, platform, track, bridge, tunnel and signaling system. In order to maximize the reality, all of the 3D modeling were based on the real photographs taken in the Jungang line. A dome screen with 1600mm diameter was used to maximize the view angle. The hemispherical screen can ensure the view angle of the 170 degrees of vertical direction and 135 degrees of lateral direction.
Development of Algorithm for Passenger Flow Analysis based on DEM
Nam Seong-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 337~341
Algorithm for passenger flow analysis based on DEM(Discrete Element Method) is newly developed. In the new algorithm, there are many similarity between multi phase flow and passenger flow. The velocity component of 1st phase corresponds to the direction vector of cell, each particle to each passenger, volume fraction to population density and the momentum equation of particle to the walking velocity equation of passenger, etc. And, the walking velocity of passenger is also represented by the function of population density. Key algorithms are developed to determine the position of passenger, population density and numbering to each passenger, To verify the effectiveness of new algorithm, passenger flow analysis for simple railway station model is conducted. The results for passenger flow in the model station are satisfying qualitatively and quantitatively.
A Study on the Evaluation of Dynamic Characteristics of the Pantograph for the Korean High-Speed Train through 350km/h Trial Running Test
Lee Hi-Sung ; Mok Jin-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 342~347
The Korean High-Speed Train(HSR 350x) had been developed by through 'G7-R&D project' in 1996-2002, and has been testing and evaluating it's reliability on the high-speed line until now. A number of core equipments designed and developed by using domestic technologies were boarded on the HSR 350x. In order to verify the performance of HSR 350x and core equipments such as traction system, brake system and pantograph, sophisticated testing and evaluating procedures should be considered and applied. In this paper, the tested and analysed results about the dynamic characteristics of HSR 350x pantograph are introduced in a view point of the mean contact force and it's variation trend, criterion of current collection, and up-lifting of contact wire when the MSR 350x running up to 350 km/h. Through the test and evaluation, we verified that HSR 350x pantograph had an excellent current collection performance and good dynamic characteristics as it had been designed.
Formulation for Reliability-based Fatigue Assessment of Car Body for High Speed Train Passing Through Tunnels
Seo Sung-Il ; Min Oak-Key ; Park Choon-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 348~353
In designing the structures of railway rolling stocks, deterministic methods associated with the concept of a safety factor have been traditionally used. The deterministic approaches based on the mean values of applied loads and material properties have been used as safety verification for the design of rolling-stock car body structures. The uncertainties in the applied loading for the high speed train and the strength of new materials in the rolling stocks require the application of probabilistic approaches to ensure fatigue safety in the desired system. Pressure loadings acting on the car body when the train passes through tunnels show reflected pressure waves for high-speed trains and they may cause a fatigue failure in vehicle bodies. Use of new material technology as body structures also introduces uncertainties in the material strength. A probabilistic approach is more adaptable in designing reliable structures when the pressure waves from the tunnels pounds and new material technology is adopted. In this paper, it is proposed that a fatigue design and assessment method based on a reliability which deals with the loading variations on a railway vehicle due to the pressure reflected in tunnels and the strength variations of material. Equation for the fatigue reliability index has been formulated to calculate the reliability assessment of a vehicle body under fluctuating pressure loadings in a tunnel. Considered in this formulation are the pressure distribution characteristics, the fatigue strength distribution characteristics, and the concept of stress-transfer functions due to the pressure loading.
Study for Safety on the Curve in the High-speed Railway Track
Seo Sa-Bum ; Lee Dong-Ho ; Koo Bong-Kue ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 354~360
The railway track and the substructures constructed in the field test section of Kyongbu High Speed Line are the structures for HSL, for the first time designed and constructed by domestic technical group. It is very important to verify the local design criteria and specifications for these structures and also to assure the recordings for vibration or deflection produced on the essential parts of the structures. The study to verify the high-speed railway track performance and to ensure the run in safety on the track in curved section during the KTX run. Finally, the conclusion are drawn as follows. The measuring values of the deflection effort of the rail and displacement for verifying the track performance in the field test section of Kyoungbu HSL satisfy the criteria of the foreign countries (Japan and Germany). The measured value for the wheel load and the presumed value show the consistent tendency. The wheel loads of the exterior and interior of the rails at the speed superior to 300km/h are measured same. Finally, the comparison between the theoretical value presented during the verification of the derailment to evaluate the safety of the train run at the time of the detailed design of the track and the measured value in the field shows that the correct design of track structure was applied.
Design of Active Pantograph Controller
Ko Tae-Hwan ; Um Ju-Hwan ; Eum Ki-Young ; Shin Seung-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 361~366
The high investment is necessary for the new high speed lines. So the KRRI has been interested in the possibility of upgrading the existing line in order to speed up the train in the conventional lines. The pantograph in train is indispensable in order to supply the electrification equipments with power in safe. The pantograph and the overhead wire form a dynamic coupled system and they affect each other through the contact force. Unfortunately, as the operational speed of a train increases, the vibration of the pantograph and the overhead wire also increases. This may lead to a zero contact force between the pantograph head and the overhead wire, which can results in the loss of contact, arching and abrasion. If the arching and spark happen between the pantograph and the overhead catenary system, the EMI(electro magnetic interface) and noises may occur. After all, the quality of current collection is deteriorated. This paper describes the dynamic response between the pantograph and catenary system by the numerical simulations and presents the LQ-servo controller to reduce the contact force variation
Effect of Embedment Ratio and Loading Rate on Uplift Adhesion Factor of Concrete Driven Pile
Kim Jong-In ; Park Jeong-Jun ; Shin Eun-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 367~371
Pile foundations are utilized when soil is so weak that shallow foundations are not suitable or point load is concentrated in small area. Such soil can be formed by the land reclamation works which have extensively been executed along the coastal line of southern and western parts of the Korean Peninsula. The working load at pile is sometimes subjected to not only compression load but also lateral load sad uplift forces. But in most of the practice design, uplift capacity of pile foundation is not considered and estimation of uplift capacity is presumed on the compression skin friction. This study was carried out to determine that the effect of embedment ratio and loading rate on uplift adhesion factor of concrete pile driven in clay. Based on the test results, the critical embedment ratio is about 9. Adhesion factor is constant under the critical embedment ratio, and decreasing over the critical embedment ratio. Also, adhesion factor is increased with the loading rate is increased.
Anisotropic Behavior of Decomposed Granite Soils
Jin Han-Gyu ; Roh Jae-Ho ; Ahn Tae-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 372~378
Computerized Railway Alignment Evaluation and Construction Quantity Estimation
Jee Sang Bok ; Lee Tai Sik ; Lee Dong Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 379~384
To maintain the stability during the operation of railway vehicle, the perfect installation of rail, namely the orbit as well as the performance of the railway vehicle itself is required. The orbit of railway needs the intensity and elasticity that stands the shock and vibration due to the weight of the railway vehicle enough, Also, the driving safety during the operation of vehicle should be guaranteed, comfortable feeling of the passenger should be maintained, and the influence of the noise and vibration to the environs should be minimized. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a program that calculates the change of construction cost according to the selection of railway orbit. This study introduces the orbit design automation program according to the selection of railway orbit, and discuss the principle and the way to use of the program,
The Study on Highway-Rail Grade Crossings Improvement System in Korea
Lee Soon-Cheul ; Bhang Youn-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Railway, volume 8, issue 4, 2005, Pages 385~390
In Korea, about 60 percent of railroad accidents are associated with highway-rail grade crossings numbering 1,657 nationwide, which the railroad system operates. To reduce the number of accidents, the authority formulated methods to improve or eliminate grade crossings. However, the improvement programs have made progress in slow time due to the institute inertia and the lack of funds from the municipal government, which shares the cost of improvement of grade crossings. Thus, this study analyses the institute system of the grade crossings, proposes modifications, and suggests financing methods to improve the grade crossings and to lower the number of accidents. Presently, the grade crossings safety perspective is directed towards road conditions and so a new perspective, which includes safety from the train perspective and to finance in review of railway system and to allocate the cost between the central government and the municipal governments. is discussed.