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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Physical Characteristics of Acryl Concretes for Thin Bridge Deck Pavements
Kim, Tae-Woo ; Kim, Dae-Young ; Nguyen, Manh Tuan ; Lee, Hyun-Jong ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~11
This study focuses on evaluating the applicability of an acryl based polymer concrete to the thin bridge deck pavements. The acryl concrete developed in this study is composed of Methyl Methacrylate(MMA) resin, benzol peroxide and fillers. To study the effects of the types and amounts of the components on the physical characteristics of the acryl concrete, viscosity, compressive strength and bending tests were conducted. The optimum mixture design was then determined based on the testing results. Several different types of laboratory tests, such as water and chlorine ion penetration tests, shrinkage and thermal coefficients tests, and tensile bonding strength tests were performed for the optimum acryl concrete and conventional cement concrete. The testing results show that water and chroline ion resistance, bonding strength between acryl and cement concrete and crack resistance of the acryl concrete is better than those of the conventional cement concrete. There are shortcomings that the conventional acryl concrete has a higher shrinkage and thermal coefficients. However, it was confirmed that to use newly developed rubberized MMA resin in this study reduces the crack resistance with substantially increased ductility.
Analysis and Estimation of Factors Affecting Travel Time Budget
Kim, Tae-Ho ; Park, Je-Jin ; Lee, Ki-Young ; Park, Yong-Duk ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 13~21
The traveler's travel pattern has significantly changed due to the social and economic changes. The travel time among the traveler's pattern is the limited resource. The travelers are trying to maximize the utility of travel with the least travel cost. So, the travelers travel with their own travel time budget in mind, which they can pay or choose to pay for the optimal maximization of the utility of the individuals. This research is to group and extract the specific factors which affect the travel time budget by utilizing the CART analysis method, which enables the analysis of traveler's characteristics and their interrelationship based on the data collected from "2002 Household Travel Practice Research" and then try to derive a model for estimating the traveler’s travel time budget. The result of CART analysis shows that the factors which affect the travel time budget include the traveler's age, size of house, type of house, type of employment, job and relation to the head of household. Considering the affecting factors derived, I developed an estimation model. From that model, we found that the age, size of house and type of house were positively (+) related to the travel time budget while the homeworking people who have less travel frequency as a type of employment were negatively (-) related to it. In particular, from the point of type of job, the housewives, children not yet old enough to attend schools and people who are working in the agricultural, or marine product industries were found to have the negative (-) value while the people who have the administrative, office, management jobs were found to have the positive (+) value.
Mechanical and Durability Properties of Partial-Depth Patch Materials using Polymer Materials for Concrete Pavement
Yang, Sung-Chul ; Hwang, In-Dong ; Han, Seong-Hwan ; Kim, Seong-Min ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 23~32
In this paper an experimental program was launched to determine the mechanical and durability properties of spall repair materials (RCC: 3 items, PCC: 2 items, PC: 3 items). Test items were mechanical property tests such as setting times, strengths, modulus of elasticity, plastic shrinkage, and durability tests such as dynamic modulus ratio, bond property with freeze-thaw, water absorption, chemical resistance, ultraviolet exposure. Modulus of the PC products exhibits ductile while the modulus is in the order of RCC > PCC > PC. At early ages the PC products experience higher plastic shrinkage than others, henceforth stable at 28 days. Other test results such as dynamic modulus ratio, absorption, and chemical resistance show that the PCs are superior to the PCCs and the RCCs. Except for PC-2, all patch materials had bond strength more than 1.3MPa after freeze-thaw cycles of 200~300 while the PCs and the PCCs seem to be better than the RCCs. With 500 hours of ultraviolet exposure, all patch materials showed to have no crack or deterioration at the surface.
Influence of a Flexibilizer on Physical Properties of Crumb Rubber Modified Asphalt Sealants
Kim, Jong-Seok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 33~40
The use of the crumb rubber as an asphalt binder modifier may contribute to road maintenance and repair. The adhesion properties of the crumb rubber modified asphalt (CRMA) sealant have attracted interest due to brittle and adhesion failure of asphalt binders at low temperatures. In this study, the influence of a flexibilizer as a modifier for CRMA at low temperatures was investigated. Their properties were measured using the penetration, the softening point, the tensile and tensile adhesion tests at low temperature. The tensile adhesion strength and the strain of CRMAs were increased with increasing ductile deformation of the CR and the asphalt binder in the flexiblizer modified CRMAs. It was found that the flexibilizer concentration was an important factor for tensile and adhesion properties of CRMAs at low temperatures.
Fundamental Study on High Strength and High Durability Cement Concrete Pavement : Part I Optimum Mix Proportions
Yun, Kyong-Ku ; Park, Cheol-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 41~49
Cement concrete pavement has become more common in Korean highway systems. However, as its service period increases, there are some technical problems occurs and no clear solution is available primarily due to the lack of active researches. This research, hence, aims to develop a new mix proportion that may provide better strength and durability with extended service life. Based on a variety of literature reviews, the experimental variables were determined as unit cement content, S/a ratio and W/C ratio. From the experimental works, it is recommended to increase the unit cement content up to 375kg/
. The target slump and air content were set 40mm and 5%, respectively. The maximum size of coarse aggregate was decided to be 25mm because of the easiness of supply in the field. The reduction of W/C ratio was necessarily required and decreased to 0.4 which was proven not to cause any mixing problem with the increased unit cement contents along with polycarbon-based high range water reducing agent. In addition, it was known that the S/a ratio could be reduced to 0.34. The lowered S/a might be possible because of the increased cement paste and hence increased cohesiveness and workability.
Fundamental Study on High Strength and High Durability Cement Concrete Pavement: Part II Strength and Durability Evaluations
Yun, Kyong-Ku ; Park, Cheol-Woo ; Hong, Seung-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 51~60
This study investigates the fresh state characteristics, strength, chloride ion penetration resistance and freeze-thaw resistance of the suggested high strength-high durability cement concrete pavement. The required workability and air content could be achieved by using an appropriate admixtures. However its dosage should be carefully determined through field trial batches. Compressive strength increased with the increased cement content and, in particular, high cement volume concrete continuously developed strength up to 90 days. No clear relationship, however, existed between flexural strength and cement content. Chloride penetration resistance seemed as a function of curing age rather than the cement content. Freeze-thaw resistance test was conducted using two different coolants, tap water and 4% NaCl solution. When the tap water was used no severe damage was observed up to 300 cycles regardless the air content. Under 4% NaCl solution, specimens of 326kg/
cement content showed severe damage with surface scaling. Based on the experimental investigations herein, it is highly recommended that the cement content be greater than 400kg/
for strength-high durability cement concrete pavement structures.
Development of Computation Model for Traffic Accidents Risk Index - Focusing on Intersection in Chuncheon City -
Shim, Kywan-Bho ; Hwang, Kyung-Soo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 61~74
Traffic accident risk index Computation model's development apply traffic level of significance about area of road user group, road and street network area, population group etc.. through numerical formula or model by countermeasure to reduce the occurrence rate of traffic accidents. Is real condition that is taking advantage of risk by tangent section through estimation model and by method to choose improvement way to intersection from outside the country, and is utilizing being applied in part business in domestic. However, question is brought in the accuracy being utilizing changing some to take external model in domestic real condition than individual development of model. Therefore, selection intersection estimation element through traffic accidents occurrence present condition, geometry structure, control way, traffic volume, turning traffic volume etc. in 96 intersections in this research, and select final variable through correlation analysis of abstracted estimation elements. Developed intersection design model taking advantage of signal type, numeric of lane, intersection type, analysis of variance techniques through ANOVA analysis of three variables of intersection form with selected variable lastly, in signal crossing through three class intersection, distinction variable choice risk in model, no-signal crossing risk distinction analysis model and so on develop.
Durability Performance on Stabilized Geomaterials in Pavement Foundations
Park, Seong-Wan ; Cho, Chung-Yeon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 75~83
A need still exists to evaluate the durability performance of cemented gedmaterials in road constructions using various cementing binders due to seasonal changes in fields as well as structural performance. In this paper, durability characteristics of stabilized granular base and subgrade materials, which is widely used in korea, was assessed using a laboratory repeated load resilient-deformation test under various freezing-thawing and wet-drying cyclic conditions. In addition, various resilient modulus models were adopted based on the test results. As a result, the estimated model coefficients agree well with the values from the literatures.
Development of a Critical Value According to Commercial use Vehicle(BUS)
Oh, Ju-Taek ; Lee, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Young-Sam ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 85~95
According to the accident statistics published by the National Police Agency in 2007, the number of commercial vehicle accidents explains 3.5 percent of the total number of traffic accidents of the year. Compared to other types of vehicles commercial vehicles may provide more serious damages to both driver himself and passengers. Thus, they generate more serious social and economic problems. There have been various forms of systems such as a digital speedometer or a black box to meet the social requirement for reducing traffic accidents and improving safe driving. However, since the current systems are based on the data often accidents happened, there are lots of limitations to control drivers in real-time. Also, the current speedometers provide drivers with only speeds of vehicles and RPM information regardless of actual dangerous drive behaviors. Therefor, they lack of the effectiveness in terms of safety. In this research, real-time information systems for improving driver safety based on automatic risky driving behaviors, and thresholds to determine risky driving patterns were studied.
Evaluation of the Temperature Drop Effect and the Rutting Resistance of Moisture Retaining-Porous Asphalt Pavement Using Accelerated Pavement Testing
Kwak, Byoung-Seok ; Suh, Young-Chan ; Song, Chul-Young ; Kim, Ju-Won ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 97~109
One of the main causes of asphalt rutting is high temperature of the pavement. Nevertheless, there has been few research on lowering the pavement temperature for reducing rutting. This study investigated the performance characteristics of moisture-retaining porous asphalt pavement, which is known to have a temperature reducing effect. The purpose of this study is to quantify the temperature reducing effect of moisture-retaining porous asphalt pavement and its effect of reducing rutting through Accelerated Pavement Testing(APT). Additionally, the possibility of reducing the thickness of the pavement in comparison to general dense grade pavement by analyzing structural layer coefficient of moisture retaining pavement. A total of three test sections consisting of two moisture-retaining porous asphalt pavement sections and one general dense-grade porous asphalt pavement section were constructed for this study. Heating and spraying of water were carried out in a regular cycle. The loading condition was 8.2 ton of wheel load, the tire pressure of
, and the contact area of
. The result of this experiment revealed that the temperature reducing effect of the pavement was about
) for the middle layer and
) for surface course, resulting in a rutting reduction of 26% at the pavement surface. Additionally, the structural layer coefficient of moisture retaining pavement measured from a laboratory test was 0.173, about 1.2 times that of general dense grade pavement. The general dense-grade porous asphalt pavement test section exhibited rutting at all layers of surface course, middle layer, and base layer, while the test sections of moisture-retaining porous asphalt pavement manifested rutting mostly at surface course only.
Application of Pay Adjustment Regulation for Highway Flexible Pavements
Seo, Young-Guk ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 111~120
Recently, pay adjustment regulation (PAR) has been developed to induce better performing road pavements around the country. This regulation was successfully applied during rehabilitation of highway flexible pavements for the first time, and their results are the focus of this paper. For highway pavements, a lot has been defined by typical amount of works a day. This lot was further divided into several sublots depending on field conditions. According to AASHTO Quality Assurance Guide Specification, pay factors for each lot were statistically determined with field measurements of five performance indicators. And composite pay factors were calculated by accounting for the impact of individual performance indicators on a long-term performance of pavement. In 2008, the PAR was tested with asphalt overlays conducted at all six local headquarters of Korea Expressway Corporation. Also, concerns raised during implementation are discussed in this paper. Limited data used in this study showed that if all performance indicators fall within the construction limits with less variances final construction costs may increase by 50%, whereas 10% reduction in construction costs could be necessary if key performance indicators such as density do not meet the construction quality requirements.
An Analysis on Signal Control Efficiency in a Three-Leg Intersection Adopting Pedestrian Push-Button System Following Pedestrian volume
Kim, Eung-Cheol ; Cho, Han-Seon ; Jung, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Hyoung-Soo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 121~128
This study has proposed the signal operating system to use both semi-actuated signal control and pedestrian push-button as a way to make up for the problems of 3 leg intersections which are operated inefficiently in the signal operation, one of the methods of traffic operations. In case of the semi-actuated signal control, it can reduce delay inside the intersection by serving to uncongested traffic on the main road where there is not much traffic volume on the secondary road and push-button signal can reduce unnecessary waiting time it could happen to vehicles by operating it though there is no pedestrian. Quantitative analysis was tried regarding the average delay reduction per vehicle using VISSIM, microscopic simulation program regarding how much effect it has compared with the existing signal control system and semi-actuated signal control system when the above two advantages are collected. The field test was performed for one three-leg intersection of Incheon. According to respectively signal control method pedestrian traffic changed and executed a sensitivity analysis. The result which compares the average delay time per a vehicle of scenarios, the signal control method of using the pedestrian push-button system in comparison with the fixed signal control method showed to decrease effect of a minimum 3.7 second (10%), a maximum 5.8 second (16%). When the pedestrian traffic volume was 20% or less of the measurement traffic volume, The signal control method of using the pedestrian push-button system appeared to be more efficient the semi-actuated signal control with object intersection.
Developing algorithms for providing evacuation and detour route guidance under emergency conditions
Yang, Choong-Heon ; Son, Young-Tae ; Yang, In-Chul ; Kim, Hyun-Myoung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 129~139
The transportation network is a critical infrastructure in the event of natural and human caused disasters such as rainfall, snowfall, and terror and so on. Particularly, the transportation network in an urban area where a large number of population live is subject to be negatively affected from such events. Therefore, efficient traffic operation plans are required to assist rapid evacuation and effective detour of vehicles on the network as soon as possible. Recently, ubiquitous communication and sensor network technology is very useful to improve data collection and connection related emergency information. In this study, we develop a specific algorithm to provide evacuation route and detour information only for vehicles under emergency situations. Our algorithm is based on shortest path search technique and dynamic traffic assignment. We perform the case study to evaluate model performance applying hypothetical scenarios involved terror. Results show that the model successfully describe effective path for each vehicle under emergency situation.
Characteristics of Particle Size Distribution and Heavy Metal Concentration in Pavement Road Runoff
Park, Hai-Mi ; Kim, Young-Jun ; Ko, Seok-Oh ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 141~149
Objective of this study was to characterize the particle size distribution(PSD) and quantify the pollutant concentration in highway runoff. Runoff samples during two rainfall events at four road sites in Gyunggi-Do were collected and PSD and associated pollutant distribution was quantified. Also, rainfall amount, flow rate, and other pollutants in samples were analyzed. PSDs in each sample were analyzed and compared with temporal trends of other pollutants. High partial event mean concentrations(PEMC) of particulates were observed at the beginning of runoff and rapid decrease thereafter. Other pollution parameters such as turbidity, TSS, BOD, TN, and TP also have similar temporal runoff trend with the PEMC. Especially PEMC was well correlated with total suspended solids(TSS) and turbidity. Cu, Pb, Zn had high concentration both runoff and sediment. Heavy metals in sediment were strongly bound to fine particles that have the large surface area-to-volume ratios.
Curling Behavior of Long-Span Concrete Pavement Slab under Environmental Loads
Kim, Seong-Min ; Shim, Jae-Soo ; Park, Hee-Beom ; Yun, Dong-Ju ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 151~161
This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of the curling behavior of long-span pavement slabs under environmental loads. By developing and using finite element models of the long-span pavement slabs, the stress distribution and the effects of slab length, slab thickness, stiffness of underlying layers, and the restraints of the slab ends on the curling behavior were analyzed. In addition, the field experiments were performed with the actual long-span pavement slab to obtain the curling behavior of the real structure under environmental loads. As a result of this study, it was found that the vertical displacements of the long-span pavement slab along the centerline due to the curling behavior were zero except for the areas near the slab ends, and the curling stresses were maximum and constant where the displacements were zero. The slab length and the stiffness of underlying layers did not affect the maximum curling stresses. The restraints at the slab ends made the curling stresses occur near the slab ends, but did not much affect the maximum curling stresses.