Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
The Analysis of Older Driver's Traffic Accident Characteristic at Express-way using Logit model
Park, Jun-Tae ; Kim, Young-Suck ; Lee, Soo-Beom ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~7
Traffic accident by aging drivers is expected to be on the rise rapidly as the number of aging drivers is rising along with the aging trend being progressed. In this study, traffic accident features depending on the classification of aging population and non aging one was evaluated. As a result of this evaluation, effect factors influencing over the aging population was found to be expressed differently from that of the non aging one. Odds ratio between the aging population and non aging one was evaluated through logit model and a model with potential accident probability of the aged drivers was developed. Accident risk of the aged drivers under the condition of curved road, cutting section and moistured road was revealed to be higher than that of the non aging population.
Improvement of Flexural Structural Performance and Applied Section Shape for Sound Proof Wall Structures Using Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer(GFRP)
Jung, Woo-Young ; Choi, Hyun-Kyu ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 9~15
This research presents the structural performance and an improving technique for flexural capacity of road safety facilities based on the damage cases by wind pressure. Among road safety facilities, a support frame of soundproofing walls is considered as a prototype structure and its corresponding structural behaviors and section design are performed mainly by analytical and experimental studies. On the basis of analytical results, glass fiber reinforced polymer(GFRP) with an epoxy matrix which is high stiffness-to-weight ratio was used for applied one of strengthening techniques and their results shows that support frame strengthened by GFRP is the most effective compared to other cases proposed in this research for advancing its flexural improvement, Finally, optimum section design was performed analytically to evaluate wind-resistance capacity and its result would be very useful for developing a practical design guideline for Road safety facilities under strong wind.
Correlation Model between Strength and stiffness characteristics for Subgrade Soils in Korea
Kweon, Gi-Chul ; Jo, Jung-Nam ; Hwang, Taik-Jean ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 17~23
Deformational characteristics of subgrade soils are very important input parameters for pavement design. It is necessary to make an amount of effort to estimate experimentally the modulus of subgrade soils. In case of designing simple (or lower level) pavement section, the estimation of the modulus based on experiments must cause an excessive cost. It has proposed various empirical correlation models to estimate the modulus from basic properties of the materials or more simple alternative tests. Seven subgrade soils in Korea were tested in this study. It was founded that the deformational characteristics of subgrade soils in Korea has a close relation to strength characteristics, the empirical correlation model was proposed. There was a close relation between cohesion value and modulus at low confining stress (
). By comparing with the measured modulus and the modulus determined by proposed correlation model from strength characteristics, the value of the coefficient of determination (
) is 0.75.
Evaluation of Rutting and Deformation Strength Properties of Polymer Modified SMA Mixtures
Kim, Hyun-H. ; Choi, Young-R. ; Kim, Kwang-W. ; Doh, Young-S. ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 25~31
In general, it is well known fact that the stone mastic asphalt (SMA) pavement has a high resistance against rutting. However, performance of SMA is not well measured by general method used in the laboratory. The objective of this study is to investigate an applicability of deformation strength (
) for performance estimation of SMA, and to find out the correlation between rut depth and dynamic stability, and
of SMA. This study carried out wheel tracking test and Kim-test with optimum asphalt content (OAC) determined by mix design. The results indicated that the
of SMA was very poorer than those of dense-graded asphalt mixtures.
showed similar WT dynamic stability and rut-depth level. It was found that Kim-test was not reflected higher rutting resistance of SMA like as indirect tensile strength (ITS) test and Marshall stability test. Also, it was revealed that dynamic stability and rut-depth of WT had some problems to estimate rutting resistance of SMA mixtures.
Characteristics and Models of Intersection Accidents by Elderly Drivers in the Case of Cheongju 4-legged Signalized Intersections
Park, Byung-Ho ; Han, Sang-Wook ; Kim, Kyung-Hwan ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 33~40
This study deals with the traffic accidents of elderly drivers. The objectives are to comparatively analyze the characteristics of accident between the elderly and other drivers, and to develop the models of traffic accidents. In pursuing the above, this paper gives particular attentions to testing the differences between the above two groups, and developing the models(Poisson and negative binomial regression) using the data of Cheongju 4-legged signalized intersections. The main results analyzed are as follows. First, the differences between the elderly and other drivers' accidents were clearly defined by the time of day, accident type, etc. Second, 3 accident models which were all statistically significant were developed. Finally, the differences between elderly and other drivers' models were comparatively analyzed using the common and specific variables.
Characteristics and Models of the Side-swipe Accident in the Case of Cheongju 4-legged Signalized Intersections
Park, Sang-Hyuk ; Kim, Tae-Young ; Park, Byung-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 41~47
This study deals with the side-swipe accidents of 4-legged signalized intersections in Cheongju. The objectives are to analyze the characteristics of the accidents and to develop the related models. In pursuing the above, this study gives particular emphasis to finding the appropriate methodology to modelling. The main results are as follows. First, injuries were analyzed to be twice than property-only accidents in the side-swipe accidents. The accidents were evaluated to occur more in inside-intersection. Also, the accidents were analyzed to be almost the auto-related accidents and to be occurred by the unsafely-driving activity. Second, multiple linear regression models were evaluated to be more statistically significant than multiple non-linear. The most fitted models were analyzed to be the models with the number of accidents as the dependent variable. The factors of side-swipe accidents analyzed in this study were ADT, area of intersection, right-turn-only-lane, number of pedestrian crossings, limited speed of main road, maximum grade and number of signal phase.
Analysis on the Effects of Sunshine Environment by Overpass Structure in Urban Areas
Kum, Ki-Jung ; Kim, Jong-Bo ; Choi, Yong-Gil ; Kim, Young-Jun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 49~58
Current sunshine regulations of our country, focused on common houses and general construction, are failing to reflect adequately the characteristics of roads and elevated structures. Besides, researches are chiefly being conducted on a pitch between common houses and its diverse effects, neglecting clearance between a road or elevated structure and a residential area, environmental elements brought on by structures, such as sunshine difficulty, and their resultant factors Therefore, this study, focused on the sunshine environment of elevated structures adjacent to a residential district, as part of all roads and elevated structures, looked over currently used clearance adequacy level and analyzed the characteristics of structures in relation to an angle of direction. Then, clearance ratio by heights was calculated through a pitch by characteristics of a structure. With a view to minimize the sunshine difficulty that might occur in the future construction, it aims to propose the basic data needed for calculating the minimum clearance, while emphasizing the necessity for institutional alignment on structures.
Modeling of Differential Shrinkage Equivalent Temperature Difference for Concrete Pavement Slabs
Lim, Jin-Sun ; Choi, Ki-Hyo ; Lee, Chang-Joon ; Jeong, Jin-Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 59~68
Torsional behavior of concrete pavement slabs due to temperature and moisture effects is constrained by self weight and friction etc, and causes stress as the result. The stress due to humidity variation in the slab is difficult to calculate while that due to temperature variation can easily be calculated by a commercial structural analysis program. Thus, the slab behavior can be predicted more accurately if the humidity effect is converted to equivalent temperature and is used as an input of structural analysis. In this study, a concrete pavement slab was constructed and strains of the slab due to environmental loadings were measured for long-term period. Thermal strains were subtracted from the measured strains by using thermal expansion coefficient of the concrete measured in a laboratory. Shrinkage strains, the remained strains, was supposed as additional thermal strains to calculate imaginary temperature with equivalent effect of the shrinkage by dividing the shrinkage with the thermal expansion coefficient. An existing shrinkage model was modified by considering the self weight and friction to be used in another model which can convert differential shrinkage between top and bottom of the slab to equivalent temperature difference. Addition research efforts on tensile stress reduction according to steady increase in the compressive strains are warranted for more accurate stress calculation.
Development and Application of the High Speed Weigh-in-motion for Overweight Enforcement
Kwon, Soon-Min ; Suh, Young-Chan ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 69~78
Korea has achieved significant economic growth with building the Gyeongbu Expressway. As the number of new road construction projects has decreased, it becomes more important to maintain optimal status of the current road networks. One of the best ways to accomplish it is weight enforcement as active control measure of traffic load. This study is to develop High-speed Weigh-in-motion System in order to enhance efficiency of weight enforcement, and to analyze patterns of overloaded trucks on highways through the system. Furthermore, it is to review possibilities of developing overweight control system with application of the HS-WIM system. The HS-WIM system developed by this study consists of two sets of an axle load sensor, a loop sensor and a wandering sensor on each lane. A wandering sensor detects whether a travelling vehicle is off the lane or not with the function of checking the location of tire imprint. The sensor of the WIM system has better function of classifying types of vehicles than other existing systems by detecting wheel distance and tire type such as single or dual tire. As a result, its measurement errors regarding 12 types of vehicle classification are very low, which is an advantage of the sensor. The verification tests of the system under all conditions showed that the mean measurement errors of axle weight and gross axle weight were within 15 percent and 7 percent respectively. According to the WIM rate standard of the COST-323, the WIM system of this study is ranked at B(10). It means the system is appropriate for the purpose of design, maintenance and valuation of road infrastructure. The WIM system in testing a 5-axle cargo truck, the most frequently overloaded vehicle among 12 types of vehicles, is ranked at A(5) which means the system is available to control overloaded vehicles. In this case, the measurement errors of axle load and gross axle load were within 8 percent and 5 percent respectively. Weight analysis of all types of vehicles on highways showed that the most frequently overloaded vehicles were type 5, 6, 7 and 12 among 12 vehicle types. As a result, it is necessary to use more effective overweight enforcement system for vehicles which are seriously overloaded due to their lift axles. Traffic volume data depending upon vehicle types is basic information for road design and construction, maintenance, analysis of traffic flow, road policies as well as research.
A Study on Dowel-Bar Behavior of Jointed Concrete Pavement Using 3-D FEM Analysis
Hong, Seong-Jae ; Yune, Chan-Young ; Lee, Seung-Woo ; Kim, Yeon-Bok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 79~85
Dowel-bar in the jointed concrete pavement has been designed and constructed by Foreign standard and experience in Korea. Timoshenko solution was evaluated for dowel bar design. However, various assumptions, Timoshenko solution evaluated only single dowel bar. Therefore, This study object is evaluated the guide line dowel size and arrangement that using the 3Dimensional Finite Element Method. Dowel bar behavior, Timoshenko solution and 3D FEM estimated used result. Dowel allowable stress and Friberg bearing stress estimated using result. The effects of Dowel Group Action were analyzed using Timoshenko range and Friberg range and 3D FEM.
A Preliminary Study on Reduction of Shrinkage Stress in Concrete Slabs
Park, Jeong-Woo ; Jeong, Young-Do ; Lim, Jin-Sun ; Jeong, Jin-Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 87~94
Volume of concrete slab changes by variations of temperature and moisture after its placement. Shrinkage due to evaporation causes tensile stress in the slab when contraction of the slab is restrained by its self weight, friction with subbase, and etc. Actual tensile stress caused by the shrinkage was less than theoretically predicted stress according to previous studies. It was the stress reduction due to visco-elastic property of the early-age concrete slab partially restrained. In this study, strains of restrained circumferential, unrestrained circumferential, and unrestrained square pillar concrete specimens were measured to investigate stress reduction of the specimens with age of concrete. Elastic modulus of the concrete was measured at the age of 1, 3, 7, 14, 28 days and penetration test was performed. The stress reduction was calculated by input the test results into theoretical equations suggested by previous researchers. The stress reduction of the restrained concrete specimens will be applied to design of concrete pavements based on results of the study.
Analysis of Concrete Flexural Strength and Surface Smoothness for Concrete Pavement Performance Based Payment Regulations
Hwang, Seong-Jae ; Kim, Seong-Min ; Rhee, Suk-Keun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 95~105
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of concrete flexural strength and surface smoothness, which were pay factors of concrete pavements, on pavement performance, and to develop the methodologies to determine the proper allowable ranges according to the magnitudes of those pay factors. The concrete flexural strength was analyzed using the AASHTO, power, and linear fatigue failure models, and the surface smoothness was analyzed for the roughness indices of PSI, IRI, and PrI using the AASHTO model. The analysis results showed that the allowable range of the flexural strength should be determined using the rate between the deficiency and strength, and the penalty should be linearly proportional to the strength deficiency rate because the linear relationship between the strength deficiency rate and the reduction in pavement life was observed. As the initial surface smoothness became better, the smoothness deficiency rate should be larger. The penalty due to the surface smoothness deficiency should also be linearly proportional to the smoothness deficiency rate.
Investigation of Slab Thickness Influence on Prestressing Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Pavement
Yun, Dong-Ju ; Kim, Seong-Min ; Bae, Jong-Oh ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 107~115
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the slab thickness on the tensioning design and to determine the optimal slab thickness of the post-tensioned concrete pavement (PTCP). The tensile stresses due to the vehicle and environmental loads were obtained using a finite element analysis model and the tensioning stress was calculated employing an allowable flexural strength. The environmental loads of both the constant temperature gradient and the constant temperature difference between top and bottom of the slab were considered. The tensioning designs for various slab thicknesses were performed considering prestressing losses. The comparison results showed that generally as the thickness increased, the number of tendons became larger. Consequently, the design was not economical for a thicker slab thickness. Even though the number of tendons became smaller with an increase in the thickness under the small environmental load, a thicker PTCP slab was not economical because of a higher cost of concrete than that of steel. Therefore, the slab thickness should be kept in minimum within the construction available thicknesses.
Efficiency in Express highway operation agency in Korea
Kim, Jong-Heun ; Kang, Kyung-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 117~126
Korea Highway Corporation has played a role of the construction and operation of the highway for the past for 40 years. The private sector since the 90s has made highway construction and operation. Central government and local governments were paid at subsidy in least operating income to 1.5896 trillion won for private operators from 2001 to 2008. Thus, Korea Highway Corporation will have important implications for understanding the cost structure. Korea Highway Corporation, a general analysis of the input element is used efficiently. And the operation of labor and capital estimated highly of the substitution elasticities. Korea Highway Corporation are judged to need financial separation of a strategic outsourcing(business) enabled and the construction(maintenance and management) and business institutions. In addition, currently running at highway the operation of institutions combined to configure a new institution, if that institution invigorate the hi-pass, more of the country's highway believe to be increase operational efficiency.
Compactability of various asphalt mixtures using warm mix additive
Park, Tae-Soon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 127~132
This study presents the test results on the compaction characteristics of warm mix asphalt mixtures that include the additive in 3 different mixtures(hot mix asphalt, SBS and SMA). The tests were conducted to find out the compaction characteristics on the compactability with varying compaction time, different amount of the warm mix additive and lowering the compaction temperature. The Superpave gyratory compactor was used to find out the variation of the density when the number of the gyration is varied. A dense mixture and 3 different warm mix additives were employed to find the relationship between compactability and compaction time. The comparison of the compactability with lowering the temperature was conducted using dense mixture, SBS polymer modified mixture and stone matrix asphalt mixture(SMA). The difference of the density of warm mix asphalt mixtures was not found due to the lowering of compaction temperature when it was compared with the standard mixture and the warm mix showed the stable condition in density. In the mean time, depending upon the different warm mix additive and mixture, the difference of density and the variation trend of compaction is found to be existed and shows the relationship between these two variables.
An Evaluation on Quality of Field Trial Protocol using Pay Factor and Analysis of Fatigue Life
Lee, Jae-Hack ; Rhee, Suk-Keun ; Kim, Seong-Min ; Hwang, Sang-Min ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 133~142
This research is performed to estimate quality of trial pavement for construction and analyze effect of fatigue life by using the pay factor. Specially, asphalt content which is difficult to control the pavement quality, is selected by pay adjustment standard factors and pay factor is calculated by asphalt content. This research is also analyzed to present relation of fatigue life according to asphalt content, to evaluate quality of the road pavement by calculating pay factor of sampling trial field mixture 2 times. This research confirms that it is different quality of road pavement according to pay factor changes. To analyze the fatigue life of pavement by using asphalt mixture for trial field. As a result, it is conformed that high pay factor could be high fatigue life of trial field. This means that pay factor using probability theory reflects road pavement fatigue life. Also, this study is included that beam fatigue test manufacturing specimen such as mixing type of plant which purvey asphalt mixture to trial field, compared with fatigue life of trial field. As a result, the fatigue life of specimen that is manufactured by mix type is higher than trial field specimen. This means that performance of road pavement can be reduced by gradation or other effects. Therefore, to exactly evaluate the quality of road pavement, pay factor should be calculated appling various pay adjustment standard factors such as gradation, air-void in U.S. states which is adopted pay adjustment.
Verification of Freezing Index and Frost Penetration Depth with Temperature Data of Korea LTPP
Kim, Boo-Il ; Jeon, Sung-Il ; Lee, Moon-Sup ; Lim, Kwang-Su ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 143~152
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the freezing index and frost penetration depth. The freezing index and frost penetration depth were analyzed using air temperature and temperature profile of pavement system in Korea LTPP-SPS(Long Term Pavement Performance-Specific Pavement Study) site. The predicted frost penetration depth were then compared with the measured one from the LTPP sites. And the trend of annual freezing index was analyzed using the temperature data of meteorological stations located in the vicinity of Korea LTPP-SPS site. The result showed that the freezing index was rapidly decreased since 1987, and it was known that the use of freezing index determined from the past 30 years temperature data could cause the over estimates in the pavement thickness design. The temperature profile measured at 3 sections of LTPP-SPS sites showed that the temperature of subbase layer was above
, even though anti-frost layers were found in these sections. Comparing the measured and calculated frost depth, the frost depth calculated from the subgrade frost penetration permissible method showed a similar trend with the measured frost depth.
Cost Analysis of Asphalt Pavements Reinforced with Glass Fiber and Polymer Modified Using Falling Weight Deflectometer
Kim, Boo-Il ; Lee, Moon-Sup ; Jeon, Sung-Il ; Kim, Sang-Kyu ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2009, Pages 153~160
Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) tests were performed to evaluate the structural capacity of glass fiber reinforced (GFR), polymer modified (PM), and unmodified asphalt pavement in Korea-LTPP (Long Term Pavement Performance) section. FWD tests showed that the tensile strains of GFR and PM asphalt pavements at the bottom of asphalt layer were 29% and 21% less than that of unmodified asphalt pavement. The structural capacity was then used as a performance criterion for calculating the cost effect of GFR and PM asphalt pavements. From the results, 5cm of asphalt layer thickness was reduced by applying GFR asphalt, and 3cm by applying PM asphalt. However, construction cost of PM and GFR asphalt pavement were increased due to the higher GFR and PM asphalt price. Life cycle cost analysis showed that the initial construction cost of GFR and PM asphalt pavement were higher but the management and user cost were less than those of unmodified asphalt pavement.