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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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A Study on the Type of Pavement Base and Drainage in Mountain Road for the Prevention of the Pavement Damage by Uplift Water Pressure
Lim, Young-Kyu ; Yune, Chan-Young ; Lee, Seung-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~8
Construction of road closed to mountains is inevitable in Korea because the mountainous region in Korea is more than 70% in area. Recently, due to global warming, typhoons or heavy rainfalls frequently occur, and accordingly, mountain roads are seriously damaged by landslides, debris flows, and uplift pressure below pavement. in this study, damage on pavement by uplift pressure was investigated. Various influencing factors such as slope angle, reinforcement of slope surface, thickness of soil cover underlain by rock, and types of drainage system were considered to evaluate uplift pressure acting on the bottom of pavement. Raising of water table up to the surface of slope may depend on the duration and intensity of rainfall. It shows that the installation of subdrain can reduce the uplift water pressure. Therefore, It is concluded that the use of subdrain system is effective to decrease uplift pressure and cement treated base is more endurable than typical crushed-stone base.
A Study on Development Evaluation Modeling Internal Landscape in Tunnel Considering Human Sensitivity Engineering
Wang, Yi-Wau ; Kum, Ki-Jung ; Son, Seung-Neo ; Yu, Jai-Sang ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 9~20
This study was intended to identify, among various characteristics of tunnel, the relationship between the design factors comprising the driver's psychological stability, easiness and the sensitivity and then to suggest the mechanism for evaluating the tunnel view, and to that end, the study attempted to evaluate the relations between the physical elements comprising the tunnel shape and the variation of driver's emotional recognition, thereby proposing the measures to create the scenic environment. As a result of LISREL modeling to identify the characteristics of emotional recognition to tunnel view, the elements affecting tunnel view appeared to be emotional image created by the combination of elements comprising the tunnel view. Such emotional image can be explained by design elements and individual characteristics, and the effect of design element appeared to be greater than individual characteristics. The relations between individual characteristics and design element appeared to be positive (+) and the relations between the "safety" and "variability" was significant. And the "safety" have had greater effect on view recognition than "variability", indicating that the drivers tend to give more importance to "safety", but also require the "variability"on the other hand.
Analysis of Motor Carrier Crash Risk with Driver Hours of Service
Park, Sang-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 21~27
Management of driver hours of service (HOS) for commercial vehicle operators has been a continual safety challenge. One of the more critical issues to government and motor carriers is fatigue and fatigue-related accidents. To reduce truck drivers’fatigue-related accident risk in other countries, the government issued the HOS regulations. However, korea government does not have any HOS regulations. The objective of this research gives the clues that korea should have the HOS regulation to reduce truck drivers’fatigue-related accident risk. This study examines the HOS regulation over other countries and conducts relative accident risk analysis using the real data from 3 freight companies. The data set includes 231 accident involved drivers and 462 non-accident drivers. Therefore, the size of the total data set is 693 drivers. One of the most important aspects of early studies of safety and HOS was the need to characterize continuous driving by using the notion of "survival". Subsequent research used a data replication scheme and logistic regression to capture the survival effect. This study uses time-dependent logistic regression. The test of significance between parameters indicates that the first three hours are almost the same risk. In the 10th hour of driving, the risk was more than 2.2times that in the baseline first hour. In conclusion, as driving time goes on, the crash risk increases.
Noise reduction of Asphalt Concrete Pavement : Techniques and their performance evaluation
Ock, Chang-Kwon ; Kim, Jin-Hwan ; Lee, Jong-Sup ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 29~37
Porous pavements can provide road users with beneficial characteristics such as skid resistance and surface water drainage under rainy condition, and they cause less tire-road noise than conventional hot mix asphalt(HMA) pavements. However, voids of porous pavements are easily clogged by road debris at early stages, which leads to frequent maintenance works. Therefore, this study focused on the way of minimizing void clogging in porous pavements. During mixture design, the quantity of coarse aggregate has been increased to form many straight void conduits (SVCs) in porous HMAs. These SVCs were found to be effective resisting the void clogging problems. Four different porous HMAs(19mm, 13mm, 10mm, and 8mm) were developed and placed on highway roads. Their performances were validated with field tests during the past four years.
Methodology for Determining Delineator Placement and Operation Based on User's Satisfaction
Park, Jae-Hong ; Oh, Cheol ; Kim, Young-Gul ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 39~46
Delineator is a useful device to support driver's safer maneuver. Effective placement and operation of the delineator would lead to prevent traffic accidents on the roads. This study evaluates the effectiveness of parameters associated with delineator placement and operation, which include spacing, height and size, from the point of user's satisfaction. Also, this study devises a methodology for determining such parameters using binary logistic regression technique. The proposed model is capable of producing probabilistic measure of user's satisfaction according to the various parameters. The outcome of this study would be useful fundamentals for more effective placement and operation of delineators.
Estimation of The Basic Properties of Two-Lift Concrete Pavement to Apply Korea Condition
Won, Hong-Sang ; Ryu, Sung-Woo ; Hong, Jong-Yong ; Cho, Yoon-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~54
This study had a focus on investigating technical validity of Two-Lift Concrete Pavements which had never been constructed in Korea in order to olve the problem of existing concrete pavements. This study found out the application of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (SFRC) which was one of ew techniques. Also, optimal steel fiber contents and pavement thickness were determined. This study also measured compressive strengths, lexural strengths, toughness indexes, tensile strengths and fatigue strengths to estimate the performance of SFRC of according to results of aboratory experiments, slumps and air contents of concrete specimens the standards satisfied and compressive strengths to open traffic. At bending ests, Toughness Index of SFRC increased but flexural strength didn’'t increase as compared with non-steel fiber concretes. And, energy absorption of SFRC was very good and SFRC showed improvement in freezing and thawing resistances. To complete this research, we will evaluate the pplication methods and performance of SFRC at field section.
The Change Rate of Fuel Consumption for Different IRI of Paved Roads
Ko, Kwang-H. ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 55~59
High VOC(Vehicle Operating Cost) is the main reason for the rehabilitation of paved road and VOC is composed of fuel consumption, lubricant oil consumption, parts consumption, etc. Fuel consumption is one of the largest components of VOC and the roughness of road represents the deterioration level of the road. For these reasons, the fuel consumption is measured for different IRI(International Roughness Index) in this study. The fuel consumption was measured by processing the voltage signal of fuel injector of vehicle and the speed was measured with GPS. The change rate of fuel consumption for different IRI can be calculated with the results of this test. It's concluded that fuel consumption(L/100km) of medium and large passenger car increases 7 times fast of the increase of IRI(m/km) around 3.5m/km in the speed range of 40 ~ 100km/h, and fuel consumption is the best at 60km/h.
Selection of Probability Distribution of Pavement Life Based on Reliability Method
Do, Myung-Sik ; Kwon, Soo-Ahn ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 61~69
In this paper, we present the methodology about an optimal probability distribution selection as well as survival rate estimation with the national highway database from 1999 to 2008. Probability paper methods are adopted to estimate the parameters of each hazard model. The goodness-of-fit test, such as the Anderson-Darling statistics, was performed. As a result, we found that Lognormal distributionan is an appropriate distribution of newly constructed sections as well as overlayed sections. We also ascertained that the results of survival rate for pavement life between the proposed method and observed data are similar. Such a selection methodology and measures based on reliability theory can provide useful information for maintenance plans in pavement management systems as long as additional life data on pavement sections are accumulated.
A Study on Lane Width Design for Road Diets
Do, Chung-Hyun ; Lee, Young-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 71~78
Rapid urbanization causes a variety of transportation problems, including traffic delay. Then transportation engineers would get involved in trying to solve traffic delay through road constructed and uncongested policy. But lately, traffic policy changed from vehicle-dominated to humandominated and green transportation. Road diet is one of green transportation. Road diets reduce the number of lanes, lane width because supplement space for green transportation including a bicycle road, side-walk, etc. A study on road diets not enough then this study performed a basic study for road diets. This study on lane width reduce for road diets through analyzes sway of moving vehicle. This study results shows lane width of a compacts-size car needs 2.34~2.70m and lane width of a full-size car needs 2.62~2.89m. According to this study lane width can reduce therefore lane width design criterion have to be relieved. This study will be used in a road width reduce including a road diets, road in process of construction and so on.
Comparing Laboratory Responses of Engineered Emulsified Asphalt and Foamed Asphalt Mixtures for Cold In-place Recycling Pavement
Kim, Yong-Joo Thomas ; Lee, Ho-Sin David ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 79~86
Cold in-place recycling (CIR) using emulsified asphalt or foamed asphalt has become a more common practice in rehabilitating the existing asphalt pavement due to its cost effectiveness and the conservation of paving materials. As CIR continues to evolve, the engineered emulsified asphalt was developed to improve the field performances such as coating, raveling, retained stability value and curing time. The main objective of this research is to compare the laboratory responses of the engineered emulsified asphalt (CIR-EE) mixtures against the foamed asphalt (CIR-foam) mixtures using the reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP)materials collected from the CIR project on U.S. 20 Highway in Iowa. Based on the visual observation of laboratory specimens, the engineered emulsified asphalt coated the RAP materials better than the foamed asphalt because the foamed asphalt is to create a mastic mixture structure rather than coating RAP materials. Given the same compaction effort, CIR-EE specimens exhibited lesser density than CIR-foam specimens. Both Marshall stability and indirect tensile strength of CIR-EE specimens were about same as those of CIR-foam specimens. However, Marshall stability and indirect tensile strength of the vacuum-saturated wet specimens of CIR-EE mixtures were higher than those of CIR-foam mixtures. After four hours of curing in the room temperature, the CIR-EE specimens showed less raveling than the CIR-foam specimens. On the basis of test results, it can be concluded that the CIR-EE mixtures is less susceptible to moisture and more raveling resistant than CIR-foam mixtures.
Initial Performance Evaluation of Fine-size Exposed Aggregate PCC Pavement by Experimental Construction
Kim, Young-Kyu ; Choi, Don-Hwa ; Lee, Seung-Woo ; Kim, Hyung-Bae ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 12, issue 1, 2010, Pages 87~98
Surface of fine-size exposed aggregate Portland cement concrete pavements is consists of exposed coarse aggregate by removing upper 2~3mm mortar of concrete slab. Fine-size exposed aggregate PCC pavements have advantages of maintaining low-noise and adequate skid-resistance level during the performance period. In order to provide the successful exposed concrete aggregate pavement, uniform distribution of the coarse aggregate on pavement surface through adequate the mix design and exposing method. In this study, evaluated initial performance of fine-size exposed aggregate PCC pavement by experimental construction. And it was known that fine-size exposed aggregate concrete pavement which can reduce the noise and maintain the adequate level of skid resistance and strength.