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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Application of ASTM C 1260 for Cement Matrix Mixed with FlyAsh and Lithium Nitrate
Kim, Seong-Kwon ; Yun, Kyong-Ku ; Hong, Seung-Ho ; Kang, Moon-Sik ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.001
The purpose of this study was to review application of ASTM C 1260 for cement matrix with flyash and lithium nitrate using reactive aggregate. The experimental program included the accelerated mortar bar test (AMBT: ASTM C 1260) for the slate which was evaluated as reactive aggregate by ASTM C 1260 at the previous study. The cement, which was substituted by 10, 20, 30% flyash containing less than 10% CaO, could control ASR expansion. From the experiment applying lithium nitrate to control ASR, the mortar bar containing lithium nitrate showed more than 0.1% expansion at 14 days. This is probably due to dissolution of lithium nitrate in NaOH solution during test periods. Thus, it is necessary to adopt another test method to verify the control effect of lithium nitrate against alkali-silica reaction.
Analysis of Texture Depth of Asphalt Pavement Based on Profile Analysis
Park, Dae-Wook ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 9~14
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.009
In this study, the profiles of asphalt pavements were measured using a lightweight profiler and depths of macrotexture were analyzed based on the measured profiles. Profiles on dense graded asphalt pavement, prorous asphalt pavement, stone mastic asphalt (SMA) pavement, and base layer measured, and depth of macrotexture were calculated and analyzed. Profiles on the pavement that happened as asphalt mixture segregation were measured and depths of macrotexture were analyzed. The results showed that the depths of macrotexture of asphalt pavement were effectively calculated using the measured profiles, and the depths of macrotexture for different asphalt pavements were analyzed. The pavement areas which have asphalt mixture segregation were detected based on analysis of macrotexture depths.
Comparative Analysis in Sensitivity of Cumulative Fatigue Damage of Mechanistic-Empirical Concrete Pavement Design Programs
Park, Joo-Young ; Park, Jeong-Woo ; Kim, Sang-Ho ; Liu, Ju-Ho ; Jeong, Jin-Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.015
The MEPDG(Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide) developed based on the AASHTO Design Guide helps engineers find optimal alternatives by using traffic volume, climate, material property, and pavement structure as its input parameters. However, because technical problems were found in the MEPDG, efforts to improve the program by settling the problems have been continued. Meanwhile, another mechanistic-empirical design program has been developed by the KPRP(Korea Pavement Research Program) in Korea. To develop and improve the Korean design program reasonably, it is necessary to analyze the MEPDG and then compare programs each other. For concrete pavement, fatigue cracking is predicted by using very complicated logic different from other performance indicators. Therefore, in this paper, transfer functions of the fatigue cracking used in the version of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.1 of the MEPDG were analyzed. Sensitivity of the input parameters to the cumulative fatigue damage was compared to each other by the MEPDG version and KPRP.
Development of Model for Structural Evaluation of Anti-Freezing Layer
Lee, Moon-Sup ; Heo, Tae-Young ; Park, Hee-Mun ; Kim, Boo-Il ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 25~32
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.025
The thickness of anti-freezing layer has been empirically determined using the frost depth obtained from the freezing index and has not been generally considered as a structural layer in pavement design procedure. In fact, the anti-freezing layer makes a role in structural layer and enables to reduce the total thickness of pavement system. The objective of this study is to develop the statistical regression model for evaluating the structural capacity of anti-freezing layer using Falling Weight Deflectormeter(FWD) test data in asphalt pavements. The FWD testing was conducted at the embankment, cutting, and boundary area of various test sections to estimate the structural capacity of anti-freezing layer in different foundation condition. It is observed from this testing that the center deflections of pavement structure with anti-freezing layer are smaller than those without anti-freezing layer ranging from 0.4 to 82.6%. To determine the variables of statistical model, the correlation study has been conducted between various FWD deflection indexes and the anti-freezing layer thickness. It is found that the
Damage Index(%)) is highly correlated with anti-freezing layer thickness. The
(%) model were developed for evaluating structural capacity of anti-freezing layer using linear mixed-effect models.
Study on the Functional Evaluation of Permeable Asphalt Concrete Pavement in Seoul City
Lee, Sang-Yum ; Kim, In-Tae ; Mun, Sung-Ho ; Kwon, Soo-Ahn ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 33~39
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.033
The functional evaluation of constructed permeable pavements was conducted in terms of water permeable performance and noise reduction measurements in Seoul city. The field measurements of noise was based on two methods such as pass-by and novel close proximity(NCPX). The pass-by test and NCPX method are related to noise propagation and tire/pavement interaction noise measurement, respectively. For the water permeable tests, five sections were chosen; furthermore, the measurements were conducted for both of wheel path and non-wheel path area. For the pass-by measurement, three sections were chosen; furthermore, two different locations, which were near measurement point to traffic noise and far measurement point inside park or hosing complex, were selected for each section. Finally, tire/pavement interaction noise measurements were carried out at four locations. The results show that the functional performance of water permeability and noise reduction was well remained within 2 or 3 years after permeable pavement construction.
Characteristics of Negative Skin Friction of Foundation Pile and Construction Management by Experimental Field Test
Hong, Seok-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.041
In this study the negative skin friction test of foundation pile was performed in order to monitor the negative skin frictional force acting on the steel pipe pile installed in soft soil. The monitored frictional stresses obtained from the long-term loading test. Through the long-term frictional stress monitoring test, the economical period for the construction of the superstructure was determined. The following conclusion were derived from this study: (1) In soft soil, negative skin friction increases with the increase in the rate of settlement. (2) In the friction relationship graph, the period where there is no frictional strain increase is verified and the time for the construction of the superstructure is determined. (3) The pile loading test was performed and the negative skin friction was compared with the test results. It was determined that the negative skin friction after driving was larger than the negative skin friction obtained from the loading test. 15 days after the construction, the monitored value was similar with the theoretical data. (4) It was determined that even during the occurrence of negative skin friction an economical construction management can be performed using the long-term monitoring method of negative skin friction.
Study on Establishing the Subgrade Compaction Control Methods Based on the In-situ Elastic Modulus
Choi, Jun-Seong ; Han, Jin-Seok ; Kim, Jong-Min ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.049
In many countries including Korea, the design concept of pavement structure has been converted from empirical method to mechanisticempirical method since the advent of compaction control based on resilient modulus proposed by AASHTO in 1986. Studies of last decades indicates that the classical compaction control method based on relative compaction and plate bearing test(PBT) will necessarily move to the methods taking advantage of light falling weight deflectometer(LFWD) and dynamic cone penetrometer(DCP) in addition to PBT. In this study, the validity of resilient modulus prediction equation proposed by Korean Pavement Design Guide is verified by comparison with physical properties of subgrade soil and the results of structural analysis. In addition, correlational equations between elastic modulus measured by various field tests and resilient modulus estimated by empirical model are proposed. Finally, a field test-based compaction control procedure for subgrade is suggested by using proposed correlational equations.
Evaluation on Patching Materials for Asphalt Pavement
Shim, Jae-Pill ; Jin, Jung-Hoon ; Park, Tea-Soon ; Lee, Jae-Sik ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.059
This study presents the evaluation of the patching materials that are used to repair the distress of asphalt pavement. Four kinds of patching materials currently used in practice were tested in both laboratory and field. The laboratory tests included the dry and soaked Marshall stability test, indirect tensile test, wheel tracking test and adhesive strength between the asphalt pavement and the repairing material was tested as a performance test. The field study was conducted using the slab samples placed on the location of vehicle tire passing and the performance of the repairing materials were investigated as passing the traffic load. The result of the laboratory tests were satisfied with the current design criteria and material standard except for water-immersion stability. Type C patching material showed the highest adhesive shear strength among the patching materials tested. However, the mature distress, such as rutting and stripping were monitored after construction in 10 days. It was found that performance of patching material is lack of quality behavior when they were applied in the field and required to develop and applu to prevent the mature distress of the current patching materials.
Evaluation of Impurity Content Criteria of Recycled Aggregate for Lean Concrete Base
Kim, Nam-Ho ; Yang, Seung-Cheol ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.069
A recent shortage in Korean aggregate market leads a social demand to utilize recycled aggregate to more advanced level, such as the use in concrete structures or paving materials for surface and base layers. Government announced a recycled aggregate guideline in 2009 to provide an institutional framework for recycled aggregate in such an up-scaled use. The use of recycled aggregate in such use; however, is very minimal. This paper evaluates the validity of the impurity content criteria of recycled aggregate for lean concrete base through a series of material tests. The analysis results shows that reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) in recycled aggregate not only influence a strength lean concrete adversely, but also influence negatively on an absorption and abrasion characteristics of aggregate system significantly that made those two indices lower. Since absorption and abrasion characteristics are very important indices for recycled aggregate quality, RAP in recycled aggregate could significantly mislead the recycled aggregate qualification. This paper provides a suggestion to resolve these problems.
Measuring of Effectiveness of Tracking Based Accident Detection Algorithm Using Gaussian Mixture Model
Oh, Ju-Taek ; Min, Jun-Young ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.077
Most of Automatic Accident Detection Algorithm has a problem of detecting an accident as traffic congestion. Actually, center`s managers deal with accidents depend on watching CCTV or accident report by drivers even though they run the Automatic Accident Detection system. It is because of the system`s detecting errors such as detecting non-accidents as accidents, and it makes decreasing in the system`s overall reliability. It means that Automatic Accident Detection Algorithm should not only have high detection probability but also have low false alarm probability, and it has to detect accurate accident spot. The study tries to verify and evaluate the effectiveness of using Gaussian Mixture Model and individual vehicle tracking to adapt Accident Detection Algorithm to Center Management System by measuring accident detection probability and false alarm probability`s frequency in the real accident.
Adjacent to the Highway Intersection, According to the Disaster, the Optimal Operating
Kang, Jin-Woong ; Kwon, Young-Hyuk ; Lee, Mun-Young ; Choi, Jae-Young ; Kum, Ki-Jung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 87~96
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.087
This research overcomes limit of prevention of disasters connection manual that was stopping in existing administrative formality presentation, and allowed purpose in substantial prevention of disasters countermeasure presentation through powerful engineering access. Did operation plan manual Tuesday in contiguity crossing that can reduce confusion by vehicleses that detour by contiguity IC of disaster point to do unusualness ashes in freeway section for this and solve jam-up phenomenon that occur by processing way insufficiency for roundabout way vehicles when happen. Metropolitan areas to target type classification in the highway along the highway adjacent to the intersection at Main Line Blocking optimum operating point analysis and an analysis of countermeasures in case of disaster, the lower the road entering the highway depending on the type of operating at the intersection were different. Depending on the results of analysis, while each point of a disaster, according to the characteristics of geometric conditions, traffic conditions, identify and determine the operating room and the adjacent intersection of media, and building systems to promote the driver if the quick initial response from the impending disaster situations and the safety of drivers can be considered secure.
A Study on the Accessability of the Bikeway Networks in the South of the Han River Using Space Syntax
Oh, Chung-Won ; Lim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Park, Jun-Tae ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 97~110
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.097
In case of the axial line bikeway, the residents in the riverside use it frequently but those in the city center hardly do as the axis is formed along the riverside of the Han river. This situation happens due to the inefficient connectivity between the bikeway that leads to the riverside and that in the city center, which means the administrative policies have been focused on the facilities rather than on raising connectivity of the bikeway networks in the south of the Han River. Also, this is the point of time when a reasonable improvement plan is needed to raise the accessibilities of the bikeways in Seoul, not just a utilization of those in the south of the Han River. This study intends to analyse the connectivity between Gangseo (west of the Han River) and Gangdong (East of the Han River) districts by comparing the current spatial structure in the southern areas of the Han River and that after the installation of the axial line, and that after installation of the ordinary bikeway respectively with use of the Space Syntax Model, and to predict resultant changes there of. The Space Syntax Model was used as the major method of analysis in this study to find out characteristics of the bikeways in the south of the Han River. Consequently, as the analysis shows that when the bikeways in the Gangseo and Gangdong-gu districts are connected, the accessibility of the bikeways in the south of the Han River will improve while the spatial structure intelligibility will be lowered, it can be said the prediction rate in the all areas is low compared with the current status. It is analyzed that the intelligibility of the current bikeways in the south of the Han River appeared highest when compared with those of plans for installation of the axial line and ordinary bikeway because they don`t interconnect with other areas.
Determining Priority of the Bikeway Construction in Rural National Highway
Jeon, Woo-Hoon ; Lee, Hyang-Mi ; Baik, Nam-Chel ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 111~120
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.111
Because people are gradually interested in bicycles, central and local governments provide many efforts for expanding bikeway plans and utilization. However, most domestic bicycle plans have been established for the urban and leisure. This research is focused on developing the evaluation method to give the priority order for the investment of rural community bicycle roads. For the methodology development, the planning hierarchy and indicator framework are proposed in this paper. In order to decide the weighting value for indicators, a questionnaire survey to transportation experts was conducted. Moreover, the coefficient for social and spatial equity was applied to consider the balance of regional development. The evaluation was applied to a pilot corridor comprised of a 160km section of national highway in korea. This methodology provides a new tool to decide priority order for the investment of bicycle facilities.
A Development of Evaluation Criteria for the Expressway Service Areas From Users Point of View
Kim, Hyung-Kyu ; Chio, Hyoung-Sun ; Park, Wan-Yong ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 121~130
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.121
This study develops the evaluation model which is for assessing on the side of users in expressway service areas. The direction of development on Evaluation Criteria is all about on the side of necessity of service area users, the reflection of current conditions, the construction of total evaluation criteria, and the examination of connecting study with current study. After that, this study examines previous evaluation criterias and researchers will select the primary provision of evaluation through FGI, and they derive the final evaluation criteria throughout the verification of suitability on Evaluation Criteria. Throughout AHP analysis which is a professional survey system of users, researchers derive on the side of facilities, on the side of operations, on the side of environments, and on the side of services in order by the weightings.
Optimal Mixtures of Roadway Pavement Marking Beads Under Various Weather Conditions
Lee, Seung-Kyu ; Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Choi, Kee-Choo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 131~140
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.131
Lane markings such as edgelines, centerlines, and lines that delineate lanes generally provide drivers with the various information for safe driving. Drivers can easily recognize the lane markings through the color differences between the markings and road surfaces during the daytime. However, it is a bit difficult for drivers to perceive them during the nighttime due to the lack of artificial lights. Although the glass beads with the 1.5-refractive index have been used to improve the visibility of the lane markings during the nighttime, it is still difficult for drivers to recognize the lane markings properly, especially during the rainy nighttime, which may often lead to traffic accidents. To improve the retroreflectivity and visibility of the lane markings during the rainy nighttime, the high refractive beads with the 2.4-refractive index are essentially required, but they do not work appropriately during the dry nighttime. Thus, the mixed materials with the 1.5, 1.9, and 2.4-refractive beads should be considered for the satisfactory implementation of the lane markings. This study reveals the best mixing rates of the beads by conducting benefit-cost analysis under various weather conditions in Korea. The analysis results show that the lane markings with the 100% of the 2.4-refractive beads provide the highest visibility of lane markings regardless of the roadway conditions, but the benefit-cost (B/C) ratio of the bead mixture is merely 0.46. The best mixing rate of the beads, from the highest B/C ratio viewpoint, was identified as the mixture with a 80% of 1.5-refractive beads and a 20% of 2.4-refractive beads. Some limitations and future research agenda have also been discussed.
Study About the Evaluation of Driving Stability Using 3-axis Accelerometer Test
Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Ji-Won ; Mun, Sung-Ho ; Jeong, Won-Seok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 141~149
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.141
This paper attempts to evaluate driving stability by the vibration of human body. The purpose of this research is to establish an evaluation methodology for controling the quality of road surface. The study was conducted to investigate the relationship between road surface profiles (IRI, International Roughness Index) and the fatigue caused by the vibration of human body. Furthermore, 3-axis acceleration in driving vehicles was examined based on sampling sections under various road conditions. The acceleration value of frequency bands were analyzed by the characteristics of road surface, and realized the range of human influence by conditions and type of road surface with ISO-2631 standards. In general, more human fatigue by vehicle vibration was appeared in concrete pavements with high IRIs based on the analysis from given test data. Whereas, The SMA asphalt pavement and the diamond grinded concrete pavement reduce the human fatigue.
A Study on Technology Priorities for Green Highway
Lee, Yu-Hwa ; Cho, Won-Bum ; Kim, Se-Hwan ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 151~162
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.151
It is not surprising to hear news about irresistible natural disasters all over the world due to climate change. Korean Government has focused on developing a variety of green technologies to reduce green house gasses, in particular, carbon dioxide. This study suggested 18 technology divisions for achieving green highway technology development in six different sub-sectors considering life-cycle of roadway and surveyed 29 highway and/or transportation professionals of three institutes using AHP(Analytical Hierarchy Process) analysis to construct "Green Highway"and realize carbon emission reductions and energy use efficiency in a road sector in Korea. Expert Choice Software was used to rank 18 technology divisions weighted by two-level choices. Transport Operating Infrastructure Improvement, Roadway Policy Implementation, Green Transportation(such as Pedestrian and Bicycle) were highly ranked by respondents according to results of the AHP modeling. Among the 18 divisions, technology policy for supporting R&D investments from development to commercialization was ranked as the most significant one to be focused. Green Transportation Facility Design/Construction/Operation and Eco-Friendly Roadway Plan were followed as expected since professionals have thought that the planning/design step of the life-cycle is a starting point to reduce carbon dioxide from roads more and more. Additionally, comparing the results with the Government investment trend 2006-2011 for the roads, it can be interpreted that the Government should invest to the R&D area more widely than before to promote element and core technology development for Green Highway Construction. Above all, small and mid-sized businesses have to be invested as well as encouraged to undertake green highwayrelated objects to accomplish the divisions which ranked high.
A Simulation Model for Evaluating Demand Responsive Transit: Real-Time Shared-Taxi Application
Jung, Jae-Young ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 163~171
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.163
Demand Responsive Transit (DRT) services are becoming necessary as part of not only alternative transportation means for elderly and mobility impaired passengers, but also sustainable and flexible transportation options in urban area due to the development of communication technologies and Location Based Services (LBS). It is difficult to investigate the system performance regarding vehicle operational schemes and vehicle routing algorithms due to the lack of commercial software to support door-to-door vehicle simulation for larger area. This study proposes a simulation framework to evaluate innovative and flexible transit systems focusing on various vehicle routing algorithms, which describes data-type requirements for simulating door-to-door service on demand. A simulation framework is applied to compare two vehicle dispatch algorithms, Nearest Vehicle Dispatch (NVD) and Insertion Heuristic (IH) for real-time shared-taxi service in Seoul. System productivity and efficiency of the shared-taxi service are investigated, comparing to the conventional taxi system.
Developing Design Guidelines for Rest Area Based on the Traffic Safety
Lee, Hyun-Suk ; Lee, Eui-Eun ; Seo, Im-Ki ; Park, Je-Jin ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 173~182
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2012.14.3.173
Entry and exits of the rest area are sections where designed speed can be rapidly change and also a weak traffic safety section. In addition, two tasks can be performed simultaneously at entry of the rest area, particularly searching for deceleration and parking spaces/parking sides etc. Thus, design criteria is required in order to procure the stability of accessed vehicle. In case of Korea, geometric structure design criteria of entry facilities, such as toll-gate, interchange, junction etc was established. However there are no presence in a detailed standards for geometric structure of the rest area which affiliated road facilities. In this study, Derive problems in regards to the entry of geometric structure of resting areas by utilizing a sight survey and an investigation research of traffic accidents. The survey was targeting 135 general service areas. After Classifying the design section of resting areas` entry as well as derive design elements on each section, a speed measurement by targeting entry of rest areas and car behavior surveys were performed, then each element`s minimum standard was derived through the analyses. According to the speeds at the starting/end point of entrance connector road, the minimum length of the entrance connector road is decided as 40m using Slowing-down length formula and based on the driving pattern, the range of the junction setting angle of the entrance connector road is defined as
. Suggest improvement plans for existing rest areas that can be applied realistically. This should be corresponded to the standards of entry and exit of developed rest areas.