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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
An Experimental Study for the Construction of Photocatalytic Method Concrete Road Structure
Hong, Sung Jae ; Lee, Seung Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.001
PURPOSES : About 35% of air pollutant is occurred from road transport. NOx is the primary pollutant. Recently, the importance of NOx removal has arisen in the world.
is very efficient for removing NOx by photocatalytic reaction. The mechanism of removing NOx is the reaction of photocatalysis and solar energy. Therefore,
in concrete need to be contacted with solar radiation to be activated. In general,
concrete are produced by substitute
as a part of concrete binder. However, 90% of
in the photocatalysis can not contacted with the pollutant in the air and solar radiation. Coating and penetration method are attempted as the alternative of mixing method in order to locate
to the surface of structure. METHODS : The goal of this study was to attempt to locate
to the surface of concrete, so we can use the concrete in pavement construction. The distribution of
along the depth were confirmed by basing on the comparison of
compare by using the EDAX(Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy). RESULTS :
were distributed within 3mm from concrete surface. This distribution of
is desirable, since the
induce photocatalysis are located to where they can be contacted with the air pollutant and solar radiation. CONCLUSIONS : Nano size
is easily penetration in the top 3mm of concrete surface. By the penetration
concrete can be produced with the use of only 10% of
, by comparing the mixing types.
Comparison of Sound Transmission Loss Through Single and Double with Vacuum Layer Polymer Soundproof Panel
Lee, Ju Haeng ; Kim, Ilho ; Ahn, Kwang ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 11~15
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.011
PURPOSES : This study is to compare sound transmission loss(STL) value depending on the four kinds of materials, PC(Polycarbonate), PMMA(Polymethyl mathacrylate), PE(Polyethlyene), PP(Polypropylene), and two types of structure, single layer and double with vacuum layer, of soundproof panel. METHODS : With four sorts of polymer material, the specimens were made as various structures, 4 mm and 8 mm of single soundpoof panel and vacuum layered 4 mm of one. The experimental condition and procedures were complied with authorized process test, KS F 2808. RESULTS : STL of single panel made of PC were the greatest followed by PMMA, PE, PP regardless of the thickness of panel, However, STL of PMMA panel began to decrease around 2500 Hz and reached the lowest value among others in 5000 Hz. Vacuum layer soundproof panel showed good performance in more than 2000 Hz. Only vacuum layer panel made of PC presented resonance frequency at 800 Hz while that of other vacuum ones at 1000 Hz. CONCLUSIONS : According to results of single layer, it was found that single panel functioned as the theorical way we expected in terms of surface density. That trends were blurred as the panel got thicker. And it was suggested also that vacuum layer panel performed well at high frequency, more than 2000 Hz.
Skid Resistance of the Sidewalks in Winter
Kim, Yong Seok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 17~23
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.017
PURPOSES : This study aimed to measure the skid resistance of the sidewalk in order to find out the relationship between different surface types and skid resistance. By using British Pendulum Tester, skid resistance of sidewalk was measured in a wet after snow-melt, sludgy, and snowy conditions. METHODS : The skid resistance was measured on surfaces including Concrete Interlocking Block Paving, Colour Asphalt Pavement, Granite Block Paving, Manhole, and Tactile Paving for Visually Impaired. Five trials at each measurement were made, and the average and standard deviation were derived. RESULTS : The skid resistance measured in wet after snow-melt, sludgy, and snowy conditions for the various surface types are summarized and compared. Reduction rates of skid resistance of sludgy and snowy against wet after snow-melt are also analysed. The skid resistance variation between measurement points which mimic pedestrian route in study site are analysed to check out the consistency of the skid resistance along the sidewalk. CONCLUSIONS : The study concluded that the skid resistance of sidewalk surfaces varied depending on the surface types and weather conditions. Secondly, reduction rates of skid resistance according to weather changes are varied depending on the surface types, Thirdly, consistency of skid resistance along the pedestrian route is hardly acquired in the study site at least. So, future study on the consistency evaluation for skid resistance along sidewalk is strongly recommended.
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Measurement of Concrete using Electrical Resistance Strain Gauge
Nam, Jeong-Hee ; An, Deok-Soon ; Kim, Yeon-Bok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 25~32
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.025
PURPOSES : The purpose of this study is to provide the method of how to measure the coefficient of thermal expansion of concrete using temperature compensation principle of electrical resistance strain gauge. METHODS : The gauge factor compensation method and thermal output(temperature-induced apparent strain) correction method of self-temperature compensation gauge were investigated. From the literature review, coefficient of thermal expansion measurement method based on the thermal output differential comparison between reference material(invar) and unknown material(concrete) was suggested. RESULTS : Thermal output is caused by two reasons; first the electrical resistivity of the grid conductor is changed by temperature variation and the second contribution is due to the differential thermal expansion between gauge and the test material. Invar was selected as a reference material and it`s coefficient of thermal expansion was measured as
. by KS M ISO 11359-2. The reliability of the suggested measurement method was evaluated by the thermal output measurement of invar and mild steel. Finally coefficient of thermal expansion of concrete material for pavement was successfully measured as
. CONCLUSIONS : The coefficient of thermal expansion measurement method using thermal output differential between invar and unknown concrete material was evaluated by theoretical and experimental aspects. Based on the test results, the proposed method is considered to be reasonable to apply for coefficient of thermal expansion measurement.
Evaluation on Noise Characteristics by Field Application of Improved Rumble Strip
An, Deok-Soon ; Suh, Young-Chan ; Son, Hyeon-Jang ; Lee, Jae-Jun ; Eom, Byeong-Sik ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 33~39
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.033
PURPOSES : This research investigates traffic noise characteristics as change the transverse rumble strips shape from rectangular to cylinder at toll plaza of highway. METHODS : The traffic noise was investigated at two different places at toll plaza of highway. One is modified grooving, another is employed cylinder shape of TRS instead of rectangular shape of TRS. A measurement of traffic noise was conducted at same location and time period. The traffic volume information was gotten from office of highway office and vehicle speed was measured by speed measuring device. The traffic noise measurement was conducted from 13:00 to 23:00 and by pass-by method. Also, the traffic noise was measured behind noise barrier. Various distance from noise barrier(7.5m, 30m, 50m) and different heights(1.2m, 3m, and 5m) were parameter for measurement of traffic noise in this study. RESULTS : The class 1 vehicle was contributed from traffic volume which was increased 1,500. However, the distribution of traffic speed didn`t change compare to previous investigated period. From this study, It was found that the external traffic noise was changed as function of geometric shape of TRS. The external noise from modified grooving was less than 1.2dB(A) of the current TRS. A difference of traffic noise was 20dB(A) before and after barrier. It came from a noise barrier effect as reduction of traffic noise. According to investigate a traffic noise distribution near barrier, there is similar noise characteristic as function of height at 7.5m distance from noise barrier. Also, There is no different traffic noise between 30m and 50m from source of the noise of sound barrier. CONCLUSIONS : Based on this traffic noise investigation result, there is a clear characteristic difference as changed TRS shape. The traffic noise was reduced by changed TRS shape. Specially, traffic noise was decreased although the traffic volume was increase for same investigation time and period. It is implied that cylinder type of TRS significantly reduces the traffic noise. The specification of various TRS will be studied in the future.
Development and Basic Experiment of Active Noise Control System for Reduction of Road Noise
Moon, Hak Ryong ; Kang, Won Pyoung ; Lim, You Jin ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 41~47
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.041
PURPOSES : The purpose of this study is about noise which is generated from roads and is consist of irregular frequency variation from low frequency to various band. The existing methods of noise reduction are sound barrier that uses insulation material and absorbing material or have applied passive technology of noise reduction by devices. The total frequency band is needed to apply active noise control. METHODS : In this study applies to the field of road traffic environment, signal processing controller and various analog signal input/output, the amplifier module is based on parallel-core embedded processor designed. DSP performs the control algorithm of the road traffic noise. Noise sources in the open space performance of evaluation were applied. In this study, controller of active signal processor was designed based on the module of audio input/output and main controller of embedded process. The controller of active signal processor operates noise reduction algorithm and performance tests of noise reduction in inside and outside environment were executed. RESULTS : The signal processing controller with OMAP-L137 parallel-core processors as the center, DSP processors in the active control operations dealt with quickly. To maximize the operation speed of an object and ARM processor is external function keys and display for functions and evaluating the performance management system was designed for the purpose of the interface. Therefore the reduction of road traffic noise has established an electronic controller-based noise reduction. CONCLUSIONS : It is shown that noise reduction is effective in the case of pour tonal sound and complex tonal sound below 500Hz by appling to Fx-LMS.
Case Study on Deciding a Time for Repairing Asphalt Pavement of Incheon International Airport
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Jang-Rack ; Mun, Hyung-Chul ; Cho, Nam-Hyun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 49~60
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.049
PURPOSES : The evaluation of the pavement condition of the asphalt concrete pavement of No. 2 runway of Inchon International Airport through PMS, a supporting system for making a decision of pavement, maintenance and repair, was made, and the proper time for repair according to the PCI reduction rate was suggested. METHODS : By comparing and analyzing the evaluation results of pavements built in 2009, 2010, 2011, PCI change in each facility (No. 2 runway, C parallel taxiway, connection taxiway) was calculated. By applying the calculated change to PCI deduction rate model, the pavement condition of the target sections was estimated, and then the necessary section and time for repair were chosen. RESULTS : After careful consideration of the time for pavement and maintenance, based on the result of PCI prediction, it was estimated that the southern takeoff and landing section of No. 2 runway was required to be repaired in 2012; connection taxiway in 2013; and C parallel taxiway in 2014; however, the section which is the main moving route of connection taxiway and C parallel taxiway was needed to be repaired in 2012. CONCLUSIONS : For maintenance and repair of airport pavements, the optimal alternative should be chosen by considering economics and operability, via examining the time for repair and the aspect of management all together on the basis of this study.
A Study for Comparing Road Noise by Surface Types using NCPX
Kang, Won Pyoung ; Moon, Hak Ryong ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.061
PURPOSES : The purpose of this study is to study the noise reducing effect of Micro Surfacing by comparing general asphalt, longitudinal tining and Slurry Seal. METHODS : This study measures vehicles` noise of each section by the NCPX method that can measure noise between the road surface and the tire at the field. Total sound pressure and sound pressure level by the 1/3 octave band frequency are calculated through the field data of each section. Total sound pressure level is compared by ANOVA test statistically. After ANOVA test, post-hoc test is conducted to know mean difference of surface type by Tukey. RESULTS : As the result of CPB analysis to confirm sound pressure levels by frequency, it was shown that sound pressure levels by frequency are totally similar except for those of frequency bands between 100Hz and 500Hz. The result of ANOVA test and post-hoc test, it was shown that sections of surface type have a difference. The result of Micro Surfacing was lower 2~5dB(A) than other surface type. CONCLUSIONS : It is found that the noise reduction performance of Micro Surfacing was better than other surface type.
Optimized Mixing Design of Carbon-Capturing and Sequestering Activated Blast-Furnace Slag Mortar by Response Surface Analysis
Jang, Bong Jin ; Park, Cheol woo ; Kim, Seung Won ; Ju, Min Kwan ; Park, Ki Tae ; Lee, Sang Yoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 69~78
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.069
PURPOSES : In this study blast furnace slag, an industrial byproduct, was used with an activating chemicals,
for carbon capture and sequestration as well as strength development. METHODS : This paper presents the optimized mixing design of Carbon-Capturing and Sequestering Activated Blast-Furnace Slag Mortar. Design of experiments in order to the optimized mixing design was applied and commercial program (MINITAB) was used. Statistical analysis was used to Box-Behnken (B-B) method in response surface analysis. RESULTS : The influencing factors of experimental are water ratio, Chemical admixture ratio and Curing temperature. In the results of response surface analysis, to obtain goal performance, the optimized mixing design for Carbon-Capturing and Sequestering Activated Blast-Furnace Slag Mortar were water ratio 40%, Chemical admixture ratio 58.78% and Curing temperature of
. CONCLUSIONS : Compared with previous studies of this experiment is to some extent the optimal combination is expected to be reliable.
A Study on Development of the Prediction Model Related to the Sound Pressure in Terms of Frequencies, Using the Pass-by and NCPX Method
Kim, Do Wan ; Mun, Sungho ; An, Deok Soon ; Son, Hyeon Jang ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 79~91
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.079
PURPOSES : The methods of measuring the sound from the noise source are Pass-by method and NCPX (Noble Close Proximity) method. These measuring methods were used to determine the linkage of TAPL (Total Acoustic Pressure Level) and SPL (Sound Pressure Level) in terms of frequencies. METHODS : The frequency analysis methods are DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform) and FFT (Fast Fourier Transform), CPB (Constant Percentage Bandwidth). The CPB analysis was used in this study, based on the 1/3 octave band option configured for the frequency analysis. Furthermore, the regression analysis was used at the condition related to the sound attenuation effect. The MPE (Mean Percentage Error) and RMSE (Root Mean Squared Error) were utilized for calculating the error. RESULTS : From the results of the CPB frequency analysis, the predicted SPL along the frequency has 99.1% maximum precision with the measured SPL, resulting in roughly 1 dB(A) error. The TAPL results have precision by 99.37% with the measured TAPL. The predicted TAPL results at this study by using the SPL prediction model along the frequency have the maximum precision of 98.37% with the vehicle velocity. CONCLUSIONS : The Predicted SPL model along the frequency and the TAPL result by using the predicted SPL model have a high level of accuracy through this study. But the vehicle velocity-TAPL prediction model from the previous study by using the log regression analysis cannot be consistent with the TAPL result by using the predicted SPL model.
A Study on the Vibration Decibel Related to the Shape of Rumble Strip Located on the Highway Tollgate
Kim, Do Wan ; Jang, Yeong Sun ; Mun, Sung Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 93~101
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.093
PURPOSES : The rumble strip installed at the highway near the tollgate has the purpose to reduce the vehicle velocity or prevent sleepiness by awakening people to the danger. These rumble strip has different vibration decibel from the rumble strip shapes, resulting in some fatigue damage to human because a driver suffers from a lot of stress and displeasure. In this connection, the objective of this paper is to analyze the vibration decibel perceived by a driver in the vehicle under some conditions. METHODS : The vibration decibel conveyed from the tire can be analyzed. The frequency analysis methods were used according to DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform) analysis, FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) analysis, CPB (Constant Percentage Bandwidth) analysis. But the frequency analysis method in this paper is the 1/24 OCT(Octave) band analysis because of the convenience of the analysis and the overall vibration amplitude along the frequency. RESULTS : By using the results of the vibration decibel after analyzing the 1/24 OCT band analysis, these results can be compared from some conditions (e.g., rumble strip shape, uniform velocity of a vehicle, road condition, mass of a vehicle). As a result, the numerical values of decibel are not directly proportional to the vehicle velocity. CONCLUSIONS : At the condition that a vehicle is passing by the rumble strip, the value of a vibration decibel at the rumble strip of the cylinder shape is smaller than the rumble strip of rectangular shape regardless of the rumble strip depth and width. At the mass condition, the more a vehicle is massive, the more the vibration decibel increases. At the road condition, the vibration decibel at the wet road is smaller than the value at dry road condition.
Acceleration and Deceleration Profile Development of Reflecting Road Design Consistency
Choi, Jaisung ; Lee, Jong-Hak ; Chong, Sang Min ; Cho, Won Bum ; Kim, Sangyoup ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.103
PURPOSES : Previous Speed Profile reflects the patterns of speeds in sections of tangents to curves in the roads. However these patterns are uniform of speeds and Acceleration/Deceleration. In oder to supplement these shortcomings. this study made a new profile which can contain factors of Acceleration/Deceleration through theories of Previous Speed Profiles. METHODS : For sakes, this study developed the speed prediction model of Rural Multi-Lane Highways and calculated Acceleration/Deceleration by appling a Polynomial model based on developed speed prediction model. Polynomial model is based on second by second. Acceleration/Deceleration Profile is developed with the various scenarios of road geometric conditions. RESULTS : The longer an ahead tangent length is, The higher an acceleration rate in curve occurs due to wide sight distance. However when there are big speed gaps between two curves, the longer tangent length alleviate acceleration rate. CONCLUSIONS : Acceleration/Deceleration Profile can overview th patterns of speeds and Accelerations/Decelerations in the various road geometric conditions. Also this result will help road designer have a proper guidance to exam a potential geometric conditions where may occur the acceleration/deceleration states.
A Study for Accident Modification Factors for Rural Road Segments
Oh, Jutaek ; Hwang, Jeongwon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 113~123
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.113
PURPOSES : Although numerous researches have been studied to reveal accident causations for road intersections, there are still many research gaps for road segments. It is mainly because of difficulty of data and lack of analytical method. This study aims to study accident causations for rural road segments and develop accident modification factors for safety evaluation. The accident modification factors can be used to improve road safety. METHODS : Methods for developing AMF are diverse. This study developed AMFs using accident prediction models and selected explanatory variables from the accident models. In order to select final AMFs, three different methods were applied in the study. RESULTS : As a result of the study, many AMFs such as horizontal curves or vertical curves were developed and explained the meanings of the results. CONCLUSIONS : This study introduced meaningful methods for developing significant AMFs and also showed several AMFs. It is expected that traffic or road engineers will be able to use the AMFs to improve road segment safety.
A Study on Operation Methodology of A Signalized Intersection Based on Optimization of Lane-Uses
Kim, Ju Hyun ; Shin, Eon Kyo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 125~133
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.125
PURPOSES : The purpose of this study is to propose delay-minimizing operation methodology of a signalized intersection based upon optimization of lane-uses on approaching lanes for an intersection. METHODS : For the optimization model of lane-uses, a set of constraints are set up to ensure feasibility and safety of the lane-uses, traffic flow, and signal settings. Minimization of demand to saturation flow ratio of a dual-ring signal control system is introduced to the objective function for delay minimization and effective signal operation. Using the optimized lane-uses, signal timings are optimized by delay-based model of TRANSYT-7F. RESULTS : It was found that the proposed objective function is great relation with delay time for an intersection. From the experimental results, the method was approved to be effective in reducing delay time. Especially, cases for two left-turn lanes reduced greater delays than those for a left turn lane. It is noticed that the cases for different traffic volume by approach reduced greater delays than those for the same traffic volume by approach. CONCLUSIONS : It was concluded that the objective function is proper for lane-uses optimizing model and the operation method is effective in reducing delay time for signalized intersections.
Analysis of Alignment Design of Central Exclusive Bus Lane Based on Vehicle Moving Trajectory
Kim, Yong Seok ; Lee, Suk Ki ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 15, issue 6, 2013, Pages 135~141
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2013.15.6.135
PURPOSES : The lack of details of design guideline for zig-zag shaped section approaching central bus stop leads an traffic accident proneness. So, this study analysed the geometric elements of central bus stop area in terms of vehicle dynamics and suggested design alternatives. METHODS : The study analysed a dynamic behaviour of bus moving in and out of zig-zag shaped section using Auto-Turn under scenarios. Based upon dynamic analysis, the study found out the width of overtaking lane is the most influential factor for a safe moving at zig-zag alignment. RESULTS : The width of overtaking lane at design speed of 40, 50, and 60 km/h respectively was suggested given taper ratio of 1 to 10 required for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), and the lane width is not wider than 4.0m which possibly makes two vehicles using the same lane. Also, the width of overtaking lane which mitigates the taper ratio was suggested with the same restriction about the maximum lane width. CONCLUSIONS : The results of the study can be used to prepare a design guideline on zig-zag shaped alignment of central bus exclusive lanes. The more stable moving is expected by applying the design alternatives suggested, therefore the lower rate of traffic crashes at the vicinity of central bus stops.