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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Performance Evaluation of Bonded Concrete Overlay in Highway
Park, Jong Won ; Kim, Young Kyu ; Han, Seung Hwan ; Lee, Seung Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.001
PURPOSES : This study aimed to evaluate the long-term performance of bonded concrete overlay in Korean Highway, and factors influencing the performances. METHODS : The evaluation for long-term performance of bonded concrete overlay is investigated based on the following study : i) The pavement distress of number of bonded concrete overlay sections in Korean highway are collected through field measurement, and PCI for each section is calculated. ii) Performance of LTPP data of bonded concrete overlay sections in U.S.A is analysed. And it is compared with bonded concrete overlay of Korean highway. iii) An analysis of the factors influencing to long-term performance of bonded concrete overlay is investigated. RESULTS : Performance analysis was confirmed that the overlay thickness was affecting significantly on the Bonded Concrete Overlay life. The comparison of LTPP data(U.S.A) and field measurement data(Korean) was showed. CONCLUSIONS : It was showed that the performance of Korean bonded concrete overlay is relatively lower than that of the bonded concrete overlay in U.S.A. The cause of lower performance can be explained by the lack of overlay thickness.
Influence on Predicted Performance of Jointed Concrete Pavement with Variations in Axle Load Spectra
Lee, Kyungbae ; Kwon, Soonmin ; Lee, Jaehoon ; Sohn, Duecksu ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.011
PURPOSES : The purpose of this article is to investigate the predicted life of jointed concrete pavement (JCP) with two variables effecting on axle load spectra (ALS). The first variable is different data acquisition methods whether using high-speed weigh-in-motion (HS-WIM) or not and the other one is spectra distribution due to overweight enforcement on main-lane of expressway using HS-WIM. METHODS : Three sets of ALS had been collected i) ALS provided by Korea Pavement Research Program (KPRP), which had been obtained without using HS-WIM ii) ALS collected by HS-WIM before the enforcement at Kimcheon and Seonsan site iii) ALS collected after the enforcement at the same sites. And all ALS had been classified into twelve vehicle classes and four axle types to compare each other. Among the vehicle classes, class 6, 7, 10 and 12 were selected as the major target for comparing each ALS because these were considered as the primary trucks with a high rate of overweight loading. In order to analyze the performance of JCP based on pavement life, fatigue crack and International Roughness Index (IRI) were predicted using road pavement design program developed by KPRP and each ALS with same annual average daily traffic (AADT) was applied to design slab thickness. RESULTS : Comparison ALS of KPRP with those of HS-WIM shows that the ALS of KPRP has a low percentage of heavy spectra such as 6~9 tonnes for single axle, 18~21 tonnes for tandem axle and 27~30 tonnes for tridem axle than other two ALS of HS-WIM in most vehicle classes and axle types. It means that ALS of KPRP was underestimated. And after the enforcement, percentage of heavy spectra close to 10 tonnes per an axle are lowered than before the enforcement by the effect of overweight enforcement because the spectra are related to overweight regulation. Prediction results of pavement life for each ALS present that the ALS of HS-WIM collected before the enforcement makes the pavement life short more than others. On the other hand, the ALS of KPRP causes the longest life under same thickness of slab. Thus, it is possible that actual performance life of JCP under the traffic like ALS of HS-WIM could be short than predicted life if the pavement was designed based on ALS provided by KPRP. CONCLUSIONS : It is necessary to choose more reliable and practical ALS when designing JCP because ALS can be fairly affected by acquisition methods. In addition, it is important to extend performance life of the pavement in service by controlling traffic load such as overweight enforcement.
Determination of DEM Input Parameters for Dynamic Behavior Simulation of Aggregates
Yun, Tae Young ; Yoo, Pyeong Jun ; Kim, Yeon Bok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 21~30
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.021
PURPOSES : Evaluation of input parameters determination procedure for dynamic analysis of aggregates in DEM. METHODS : In this research, the aggregate slump test and angularity test were performed as fundamental laboratory tests to determine input parameters of spherical particles in DEM. The heights spreads, weights of the simple tests were measured and used to calibrate rolling and static friction coefficients of particles. RESULTS : The DEM simulations with calibrated parameters showed good agreement with the laboratory test results for given dynamic condition. CONCLUSIONS : It is concluded that the employed calibration method can be applicable to determine rolling friction coefficient of DEM simulation for given dynamic conditions. However, further research is necessary to connect the result to the behavior of aggregate in packing and mixing process and to refine static friction coefficient.
A Study on Field Applicability Evaluation of the Hydrophobic - Low Viscosity Surface Treatment Material for Pavement Preventive Maintenance
Choi, Jun Seong ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 31~39
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.031
PURPOSES : Surface treatment material for pavement preventive maintenance should be inspected field applicability. This study(Part II) aimed to checkup coating characteristics and performance analysis using lab and field tests. The hydrophobic - low viscosity filling material for pavement preventive maintenance is presented in Part I, which is a series of companion study. METHODS : Relative comparison between general asphalt mixtures and surface treatment asphalt mixtures are analyzed and measured for the field application such as indirect tensile strength ratio(TSR), abrasion resistance, crack propagation resistance, temperature resistance, coating thickness, permeability resistance and skid resistance in terms of british pendulum number(BPN). RESULTS : It is found that TSR, crack propagation resistance and permeability resistance is increased as against uncoated asphalt specimen. Abrasion resistance and temperature resistance is secured from the initial coating thickness point of view, which is about 0.2~0.3mm. Skid resistance on the surface treatment pavement is satisfied with the BPN criteria of national highway because of exposed aggregate and crack sill induced pavement deterioration and damage cracks. CONCLUSIONS : The hydrophobic - low viscosity surface treatment material for pavement preventive maintenance is validated on field applicability evaluation based on quantitative analysis of coating thickness and performance analysis using lab and field tests.
Lane Spare Widths Reflecting Vehicles' Rearview Mirror Widths and Lateral Wheel Paths
Yoo, Hye-Min ; Han, Man-Seob ; Oh, Heung-Un ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.041
PURPOSES : The lane width of the domestic highway is 3.5 ~ 3.6m and it has been designed nationwide. However, the distribution of the average vehicle widths, rearview mirror widths and lateral wheel paths by region appear different. Then, lane spare widths may differ by region followingly. Thus, the flexible design of freeway lane widths is required. METHODS : The methodologies of this paper are as follows. First, vehicle widths rearview mirror widths lateral wheel paths of vehicles driven four national expressways were measured. Second, lane spare widths by vehicle widths were calculated. Third, lane spare widths reflecting rearview mirror widths were calculated by using interval estimation. Additionally, lane spare widths reflecting vehicles lateral wheel paths were calculated. RESULTS : The results of this paper are as follows. First, lane spare widths by vehicle widths ranges 0.83 to 0.95m. Second, lane spare widths reflecting rearview mirror widths ranges 0.518 to 0.747m at the confidence interval 95%. Third, lane spare widths reflecting vehicles' lateral wheel paths ranges -0.022 to 0.322m at the curved sections and the confidence interval 95%. CONCLUSIONS : It may be concluded that the present lane spare widths are relatively narrow at the curved section. Thus, there is a need to consider expanded lane widths at the curved sections. Additionally, there is a need to consider flexible design of lane widths by various conditions.
A Study on Headway Distribution Models of Rural Two Lane Roads
Moon, Jaepil ; Kim, Dongnyong ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.049
PURPOSES : This study was done to model the headway distribution of rural two lane roads. METHODS : Time headway data for the various level of traffic volumes was measured in twelve sites. Based on the time headway data, existing seven mathematical models were evaluated and selected by comparing graphically the measured and theoretical distributions and conducting the Chi-square test. RESULTS : The results show that both the Schul model and Composite Model were the most appropriate models of the models. Based on the measured time-headway distributions, this study proposed a new headway distribution model by the shift of the Schul model. CONCLUSIONS : The shifted Schul model has the ability to describe time headway distirbutons for random, intermediate, and constant-headway states.
Comparing Empirical Methods of Highway Capacity Estimation
Moon, Jaepil ; Cho, Won Bum ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 57~62
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.057
PURPOSES : Capacity is a main factor of determining the number of lane in highway design or the level of service in road on operation. Previous studies showed that breakdown may occur before capacity is reached, and then it was concluded that capacity is a stochastic value rather than a deterministic one. In general, estimating capacity is based on average over maximum traffic volume observed for capacity state. This method includes the empirical distribution method(EDM) and would underestimate capacity. This study estimated existing empirical methods of estimating stochastic highway capacity. Among the studied methods are the product limit method(PLM) and the selected method(SM). METHODS : Speed and volume data were collected at three freeway bottleneck sites in Cheonan-Nonsan and West Sea Freeway. The data were grouped into a free-flow state or capacity state with speeds observed in the bottlenecks and the upstream. The data were applied to the empirical methods. RESULTS : The results show that the PLM and SM estimated capacity higher than EDM. The reason is that while the EDM is based on capacity observations only, the PLM and SM are based on free-flow high volumes and capacity observations. CONCLUSIONS : The PLM and SM using both free-flow and capacity observations would be improved to enhance the reliability of the capacity estimation.
Economic Effect Analysis for Bike-Sharing in KOREA - Focus on Goyang and Changwon City -
Kim, Dong-Jun ; Jeong, Seong-Yub ; Han, Sang-Yong ; Shin, Hee-Cheol ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.063
PURPOSES : The aim of this study is to analyze economic effect of bike-sharing after its introduction in Korea. METHODS : This study reviews current bike-sharing situations in Korea and other nations. We conduct surveys on bike-sharing system's bike usage patterns and economic benefits in Changwon and Goyang cities where public bikes are the most popular in the nation. Economic benefits are itemized after reviewing relevant previous studies. Then, the survey is implemented using the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM). Then estimated benefit is compared to the cost which is necessary for bike-sharing introduction and operation. RESULTS : Using the average WTP per household, the total economic benefit of bike-sharing is estimated as much as 1.75 billion KRW to 3.75 billion KRW in Goyang and Changwon city. Using estimated benefit, economic effect of bike-sharing are calculated as 0.69 and 1.00, respectively. CONCLUSIONS : The result of this study shows bike-sharing could be useful economic policy in Korea. However, economic effect of bike-sharing differs by city.
Economic Evaluation of National Highway Construction Projects using Real Option Pricing Models
Jeong, Seong-Yun ; Kim, Ji-Pyo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 75~89
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.075
PURPOSES : This study evaluates the economic value of national highway construction projects using Real Option Pricing Models. METHODS : We identified the option premium for uncertainties associated with flexibilities according to the future's change in national highway construction projects. In order to evaluate value of future's underlying asset, we calculated the volatility of the unit price per year for benefit estimation such as VOTS, VOCS, VICS, VOPCS and VONCS that the "Transportation Facility Investment Evaluation Guidelines" presented. RESULTS : We evaluated the option premium of underlying asset through a case study of the actual national highway construction projects using ROPM. And in order to predict the changes in the option value of the future's underlying asset, we evaluated the changes of option premium for future's uncertainties by the defer of the start of construction work, the contract of project scale, and the abandon of project during pre-land compensation stages that were occurred frequently in the highway construction projects. Finally we analyzed the sensitivity of the underlying asset using volatility, risk free rate and expiration date of option. CONCLUSIONS : We concluded that a highway construction project has economic value even though static NPV had a negative(-) value because of the sum of the existing static NPV and the option premium for the future's uncertainties associated with flexibilities.
A Study on the Location of Bicycle Crossing considering Safety of Bicycle Users at Intersection
Hwang, Junghoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 91~98
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.091
PURPOSES : Recently, there are increasing bicycle accidents along with increasing bicycles users. Bicycle accidents occurred frequently by perpendicular collision form at intersection inner. In order to improve safety of bicycle, drivers need to be aware of bicycles on the road and intersection geometric designs need to be designed to reduce risk associated with collisions between bicycles and car. This study aims to review the location of bicycle crossing in the viewpoint of bicycle safety. METHODS : Four types of bicycle crossing by curve radius and driver's check around the behavior are set to simulate the risk of collisions between bicycles and car turning right. Simulation using fortran programming are conducted on total 60 cases. RESULTS : Bicycle crossing located behind of crosswalk is lower the risk of collisions with car in all cases. In addition to the larger curve radius of pavement edge at intersection and the more pay attention to the rear by the turn head to the right is too low the risk of collisions with car. CONCLUSIONS : It is show that the location of bicycle crossing is safer behind than in front of crosswalk in the viewpoint of bicycle safety.
A Study on the Safety of Passing-type Climbing Lanes in Expressways using C-G Method
Kim, Bong Soo ; Kim, Sang-Gu ; Yun, Ilsoo ; Oh, Young-Tae ; Hong, Doo-Pyo ; Lee, Kang-Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 99~109
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.099
PURPOSES : Climbing lanes on expressways managed by the Korea Expressway Corporation (KEC) have been hot potatoes due to conflicts between slow-moving vehicles such as trucks and other vehicles at the merging section as well as the less popularity with the slow-moving vehicles. In order to resolve such problems, KEC has altered existing climbing lanes to passing-type climbing lanes in 1999. The new type of climbing lanes showed an apparent improvement in mobility. For example, the speeds of vehicles using both climbing lane and other lanes improved a lot. However, there has been no clear evidence about improved safety. METHODS : This research effort was initiated to evaluate the safety of the new passing-type climbing lanes using the comparison-group(CG) method based on three-year-long traffic accident data sets before and after the change, respectively. RESULTS : The passing-type climbing lanes showed twice increased traffic accidents even though the traffic accidents on old type climbing lanes increased 1.1% during the same periods. In addition, in-depth study, the merging area of the passing-type climbing lanes was found out to be the weakest section where 43.8% traffic accidents out of total traffic accidents happened. It is noted that the merging area of the old type climbing showed only 25.0% traffic accidents. CONCLUSIONS : The new passing-type climbing lanes were found to be weak in terms of safety when compared with the old type climbing lanes. Especially, the merging area should be improved to reduce the risk of traffic conflicts between slow-moving vehicles and other vehicles.
The Effectiveness Analysis on Set of Ramp Metering STOP-line Using Traffic Simulation Model
Kim, In Su ; Yang, Choong Heon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 111~118
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.1.111
PURPOSES : This study performs fundamental research on ramp-metering design criteria. METHODS : We carefully review previous studies in terms of ramp-metering design criteria and then consider applicability in Korea. For this, traffic simulation model is employed to analyze actual effect according to specific location of stop-line when implementing ramp-metering. RESULTS : When a stop-line moving forward with a 50m interval, travel speed at mainline relative to current stop-line location tends to decrease. However, traveling speed at approach roads increase about 5~18% under the same condition. When a stop-line location moving backward with a 50m interval, mainline travel speed increase approximately 17~32% whereas traveling speed at approach roads decrease. All cases are compared with the current stop-line location. CONCLUSIONS : We believe that both cases are useful with respect to freeway management. For example, moving forward a stop-line case can be used management for queuing area at ramp section and approach roads. Moving backward a stop-line case can be used for traffic control, focusing on mainline of freeways.