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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The Advanced Composite Sandwich Panels for Light Weight of Road Structures
Han, Bong Koo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.001
PURPOSES : The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate to the practicing engineers, how to apply the advanced composite materials theory to the road structures. For general construction material used, there is certain theoretical limit in sizes. For super road structure construction, the reduction in panel weight is the first step to take in order to break such size limits. METHODS : For a typical road structures panel, both concrete and advanced composite sandwich panels are considered. The concrete panel is treated as a special orthotropic plate. RESULTS : All types of advanced composite sandwich panels are considered as a self-weights less than one tenth of that of concrete panel. The concrete panel is treated as a special orthotropic plate to obtain more accurate result. CONCLUSIONS : Advanced composite sandwich panels are considered as a self-weights less than one tenth (10%) of that of concrete panel, with deflections less than that of the concrete panel. This conclusion gives good guide line for design of the light weight of road structures.
Comparison with Load Transfer Efficiency for Joint Types in Airport Concrete Pavements
An, Ji-Hwan ; Jeon, Sung-Il ; Kwon, Soo-Ahn ; Kim, Min-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 9~20
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.009
PURPOSES : This study is to compare load transfer efficiency of key joint and dowel joint for airport concrete pavement. METHODS : As AC150/5320-6D of FAA's [Advisory Circular] was changed into AC150/5320-6E, Key joint type of rigid pavement were excluded from Construction Joints. LTE(Load Transfer Efficiency) of dowel joint and key joint were compared by times and seasons through pavement temperature measurement, ocular investigation and HWD measurement. RESULTS : For the joint performance grade of No. 2(The second) runway of airport, 12% of poor rate was observed in key joint and 2% of poor rate in dowel joint. Poor rate of key joint was increased to 17%, if only No. 3~No. 6 slabs, which are mostly loaded from the airplanes, were applied for the study. In apron area, LTE poor rate of key joint was high in winter, and LTE poor rate of dowel joint was at least above 'Fair' grade. In summer, 'Fair' for key joint, 'Acceptable' for dowel joint appeared. CONCLUSIONS : As results, dowel joint was superior than key joint for LTE. Deviations of seasons and times were smaller in dowel joint's result. And LTE in winter was lower than LTE in summer.
Emission Dispersion Analysis based on the Development Density associated with Urban Planning (a case study of the Delft city on Netherlands)
Kim, In Su ; Yang, Choong Heon ; Hu, Hye Jung ; Sung, Jeong Gon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 21~33
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.021
PURPOSES : This study presents a specific methodology for air dispersion analysis of urban areas methodology in accordance with urban planning and transport policy. METHODS : This study performed three alternatives including development density and public transit applying integrated urban model for the Delft city on Netherlands. Based on this result, the two types of air pollutant emissions(
, NOx) were calculated and analyzed the emission dispersion on that City. RESULTS : As a result, the quality of air near the City is better than that of current conditions showed that approximately from 2.1 to 7.9% according to alternatives. CONCLUSIONS : Air quality assessment in urban areas can be reasonably performed by applying a methodology when urban development and transport policy are considered.
Evaluation of the Dynamic Modulus by using the Impact Resonance Testing Method
Kim, Dowan ; Jang, ByungKwan ; Mun, Sungho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 35~41
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.035
PURPOSES : The dynamic modulus for a specimen can be determined by using either the non-destructed or destructed testing method. The Impact Resonance Testing (IRT) is the one of the non-destructed testing methods. The MTS has proved the source credibility and has the disadvantages which indicate the expensive equipment to operate and need a lot of manpower to manufacture the specimens because of the low repeatability with an experiment. To overcome these shortcomings from MTS, the objective of this paper is to compare the dynamic modulus obtained from IRT with MTS result and prove the source credibility. METHODS : The dynamic modulus obtained from IRT could be determined by using the Resonance Frequency (RF) from the Frequency Response Function (FRF) that derived from the Fourier Transform based on the Frequency Analysis of the Digital Signal Processing (DSP)(S. O. Oyadigi; 1985). The RF values are verified from the Coherence Function (CF). To estimate the error, the Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) method could be used. RESULTS : The dynamic modulus data obtained from IRT have the maximum error of 8%, and RMSE of 2,000MPa compared to the dynamic modulus measured by the Dynamic Modulus Testing (DMT) of MTS testing machine. CONCLUSIONS : The IRT testing method needs the prediction model of the dynamic modulus for a Linear Visco-Elastic (LVE) specimen to improve the suitability.
Development of the Predicted Model for the HMA Dynamic Modulus by using the Impact Resonance Testing and Universal Testing Machine
Kim, Do Wan ; Kim, Dong-Ho ; Mun, Sungho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.043
PURPOSES : The dynamic modulus can be determined by applying the various theories from the Impact Resonance Testing(IRT) Method. The objective of this paper is to determine the best theory to produce the dynamic modulus that has the lowest error as the dynamic modulus data obtained from these theories(Complex Wave equation Resonance Method related to either the transmissibility loss or not, Dynamic Stiffness Resonance Method) compared to the results for dynamic modulus determined by using the Universal Testing Machine. The ultimate object is to develop the predictive model for the dynamic modulus of a Linear Visco-Elastic specimen by using the Complex Wave equation Resonance Method(CWRM) came up for an existing study(S. O. Oyadiji; 1985) and the Optimization. METHODS : At the destructive test which uses the Universal Testing Machine, the dynamic modulus results along with the frequency can be used for determining the sigmoidal master curve function related to the reduced frequency by applying Time-Temperature Superposition Principle. RESULTS : The constant to be solved from Eq. (11) is a value of 14.13. The reduced dynamic modulus obtained from the IRT considering the loss factor related to the impact transmissibility has RMSE of 367.7MPa, MPE of 3.7%. When the predictive dynamic modulus model was applied to determine the master curve, the predictive model has RMSE of 583.5MPa, MPE of 3.5% compared to the destructive test results for the dynamic modulus. CONCLUSIONS : Because we considered that the results obtained from the destructive test had the most highest source credibility in this study, the dynamic modulus data obtained respectively from DSRM, CWRM were compared to the results obtained from the destructive test by using th IRT. At the result, the reduced dynamic modulus derived from DSRM has the most lowest error.
A Study of Spraying Curing Compound for Concrete Pavement Considering Environmental Condition in Tunnel
Ryu, SungWoo ; Kwon, OhSun ; Song, GeoRuemSoo ; Lee, MinKyung ; Cho, Yoon-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 51~57
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.051
PURPOSES : This study is to suggest tunnel length to spray curing compound, based on the field tests. METHODS : At first field test, length from the entrance of tunnel to wet wall was checked by visual survey. The second and third test, various sensors were installed in concrete or in tunnel, such as RH sensor, temperature sensor, portable weather station and etc.. And also, test for bleeding and retaining water of concrete were conducted to evaluate environmental effect on concrete pavement. RESULTS : The result of the field experiment for tunnel length to spray curing compound indicates that length changes depending on tunnel length, season, and location. Environmental condition of a short tunnel was not much different between location near entrance and at center of tunnel. However, in case of a medium and long tunnel, effect of outside environmental condition decreased, when location moved into tunnel center of it. CONCLUSIONS : From the testing results, it can be proposed that optimum tunnel length to spray curing compound is 60m for a medium and long tunnel, and whole length for a short tunnel.
Suggestion of Heavy Snow Risk Analysis in Seoul
Lee, Sukmin ; Bae, Yoon-Shin ; Park, Jihye ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.059
PURPOSES : This study is to suggest heavy snow risk analysis in Seoul. METHODS : Recently, the increase of extreme weather caused by global warming raises the occurrences of unpredictable natural disasters and the loss potential of human disasters by land use facilities accumulation. It is necessary to develop the risk analysis for the natural and human disasters. RESULTS : In this study, heavy snow risk analysis among natural disasters in Seoul was suggested. The spatial unit of risk analysis level was established for the lines and administrative districts. CONCLUSIONS : The risk analysis was performed using risk matrix of disaster occurrence score and disaster damage score. The components affecting the risk disaster analysis by types were analyzed and the application of heavy snow risk analysis was suggested.
A Study on Countermeasures Against Heavy Snow on Road in Seoul : Focusing on Seocho 1-dong
Won, Jong-Seok ; Bae, Yoon-Shin ; Kim, Sang-Gyoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.067
PURPOSES : This study is to investigate the countermeasures against heavy snow on road in Seoul: Focusing on Seocho 1-dong. METHODS : Since 2000, three cases of the top 10 in the highest snow fall depth in a day occurred in 2001(234mm, 156mm) and 2010(258mm) and the possibility of heavy snow is getting higher. 10 days after heavy snow fall when the snow thaws, socio-economic damages occurred often. For example, the insufficient snow removing, difficulty in patients transfer, crash accidents, injuries from a fall, the increasing cost of snow removing etc. RESULTS : For the effective deploying snow removing equipment and workers, it is necessary to understand emergency snow removing spots. Seocho 1-dong was tested because it contains mountains, hill and urban areas as well as various buildings and road types exposures. CONCLUSIONS : Based on the domestic and international heavy snow researches, the elements for vulnerability were analyzed and vulnerable areas to snow fall were derived.
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Unconventional Intersections on Operation and Environment
Moon, Jae-Pil ; Kim, Hoe-Ryong ; Lee, Suk-Ki ; Jeong, Jun-Hwa ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.075
PURPOSES : Traffic congestions which occur in the intersections of arterials lead to mobility and environment problem, and then traffic agencies and engineers have been struggling for mitigating congestions with greenhouse gas emissions. As an alternative of solving theses problems, this study is to introduce a low-cost and high-effectiveness countermeasure as unconventional intersections which are successfully in operation in U.S.. The main feature of unconventional intersections is to reroute turning movement on an approach to other approach, which consequently more green time is available for the progression of through traffic. Due to improved progression, this unique geometric design contributes to reduce delays with greenhouse gas emission and provides a viable alternative to interchanges. This study is to evaluate the potential operation and environment benefits of unconventional intersections. METHODS : This study used the VISSIM model with Synchro and EnViVer. Synchro is to optimize signal phases and EnViVer model to estimate the amount of greenhouse gas emissions by each condition. RESULTS : The result shows that unconventional intersections lead to increase the capacity and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, compared to existing intersections. CONCLUSIONS : Unconventional intersections have the ability to positively impact operations and environments as a low-cost and high-effectiveness countermeasure.
Relationship between Adaptation Luminance and Threshold Zone Luminance for Vehicular Traffic Tunnels
Cho, Won Bum ; Jeong, Jun Hwa ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 85~99
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.085
PURPOSES : This study has been performed with the objective to determine threshold zone luminance of adaptation luminance by target safety level in a vehicular traffic tunnel with design speed set at 100km/h. METHODS : The study made a miniature capable of portraying changes in luminance distribution within
conical field of view of the driver approaching to the tunnel for the test. Test conditions were set based on justifications for CIE 88-1990's threshold zone luminance used as a reference by domestic tunnel light standards (KS C 3703 : 2010). Luminance contrast of object background and object is 23%, object presentation duration is 0.5 seconds, and size of the object background is
RESULTS : Threshold zone luminance was set within adaptation luminance of
. Adaptation luminance and threshold zone luminance based on 50%, 75% and 90% target safety level all showed a relatively high linear relationship. According to findings in the study, it is not appropriate to specify the relationship between adaptation luminance and threshold zone luminance as luminance ratio. Rather, direct utilization of the linear relationship gained from the study findings appears to be the better solution. CONCLUSIONS : Findings of this study may be used to determine operation of threshold zone luminance based on target safety level. However, a proper verification and validity of test results are required. Furthermore, a study to determine proper threshold zone luminance level considering target safety level reviewed in this study and various decision-making factors such as economic conditions in Korea and energy-related policies should be carried out in addition. Additional tests on adaptation luminance greater than
will be performed, through which application scope of the test findings will be broadened.
Developing the Pedestrian Accident Models Using Tobit Model
Lee, Seung Ju ; Kim, Yun Hwan ; Park, Byung Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 101~107
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.101
PURPOSES : This study deals with the pedestrian accidents in case of Cheongju. The goals are to develop the pedestrian accident model. METHODS : To analyze the accident, count data models, truncated count data models and Tobit regression models are utilized in this study. The dependent variable is the number of accident. Independent variables are traffic volume, intersection geometric structure and the transportation facility. RESULTS : The main results are as follows. First, Tobit model was judged to be more appropriate model than other models. Also, these models were analyzed to be statistically significant. Second, such the main variables related to accidents as traffic volume, pedestrian volume, number of Entry/exit, number of crosswalk and bus stop were adopted in the above model. CONCLUSIONS : The optimal model for pedestrian accidents is evaluated to be Tobit model.
A Study on Level-of-Service Changes of Expressway in Accordance with the Revision of Traffic Capacity at Work-Zone
Ryu, SungWoo ; Park, Kwon-Jea ; Han, SeungHwan ; Cho, Yoon-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 109~117
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.109
PURPOSES : This study analyzes the available working time at work-zone on the Expressway in accordance to the new capacity manual. METHODS : Sensitivity analysis on variables were conducted to calculate the adjusted capacity at work-zone based on previous researches. RESULTS : The main factors which affect available working time at the work-zone were its capacity, number of lanes, terrain and lane width. Other factors have minimal effect on the available working time. Based on the analysis, a calendar of lane closures was suggested. CONCLUSIONS : A series of studies concluded that the capacity at work-zone in the new capacity manual reduced to 76-82% of the existing manual. As such, the available working time decreased. Furthermore, the factors affecting the available working time needs to be considered when making a plan to rehabilitate the distressed pavement.
A Study on Spatial Aggregation Method for Path Travel Time Estimation using Hi-Pass DSRC System
Lee, Hwanpil ; Shim, Sangwoo ; Choi, Yuntaek ; Kim, Dongin ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 119~129
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.3.119
PURPOSES : This investigational survey is to observe a proper spatial aggregation method for path travel time estimation using the hi-pass DSRC system. METHODS : The links which connect the nodes of section detectors location are used for path travel time estimation traditionally. It makes some problem such as increasing accumulation errors and processing times. In this background, the new links composition methods for spatial aggregation are considered by using some types of nodes as IC, JC, RSE combination. Path travel times estimated by new aggregation methods are compared with PBM travel times by MAE, MAPE and statistical hypothesis tests. RESULTS : The results of minimum sample size and missing rate for 5 minutes aggregation interval are satisfied except for JC link path travel time in Seoul TG~Kuemho JC. Thus, it was additionally observed for minimum sample size satisfaction. In 15, 30 minutes and 1 hour aggregation intervals, all conditions are satisfied by the minimum sample size criteria. For accuracy test and statistical hypothesis test, it has been proved that RSE, Conzone, IC, JC links have equivalent errors and statistical characteristics. CONCLUSIONS : There are some errors between the PBM and the LBM methods that come from dropping vehicles by rest areas. Consequently, this survey result means each of links compositions are available for the estimation of path travel time when PBM vehicles are missed.