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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Construction Issues and Design Procedure for Transverse Steel in Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement (CRCP)
Choi, Pangil ; Won, Moon Cheol ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.001
PURPOSES: The objective of this study is to evaluate construction issues and design for transverse steel in continuously reinforced concrete pavement(CRCP). METHODS : The first continuously reinforced concrete pavement(CRCP) design procedure appeared in the 1972 edition of the "AASHTO Interim Guide for Design of Pavement Structures", which was published in 1981 with Chapter 3 "Guide for the Design of Rigid Pavement" revised. A theory that was accepted at that time for the analysis of steel stress in concrete pavement, called subgrade drag theory(SGDT), was utilized for the design of reinforcement of CRCP - tie bar design and transverse steel design - in the aforementioned AASHTO Interim Guide. However SGDT has severe limitations due to simple assumptions made in the development of the theory. As a result, any design procedures for reinforcement utilizing SGDT may have intrinsic flaws and limitations. In this paper, CRCP design procedure for transverse steel was introduced and the limitations of assumptions for SGDT were evaluated based on various field testing. RESULTS: Various field tests were conducted to evaluate whether the assumptions of SGDT are reasonable or not. Test results show that 1) temperature variations exist along the concrete slab depth, 2) very little stress in transverse steel, and 3) warping and curling in concrete slab from the field test results. As a result, it is clearly revealed out that the assumptions of SGDT are not valid, and transverse steel and tie bar designs should be based on more reasonable theories. CONCLUSIONS : Since longitudinal joint is provided at 4.1-m spacing in Korea, as long as joint saw-cut is made in accordance with specification requirements, the probability of full-depth longitudinal cracking is extremely small. Hence, for transverse steel, the design should be based on the premise that its function is to keep the longitudinal steel at the correct locations. If longitudinal steel can be placed at the correct locations within tolerance limits, transverse steel is no longer needed.
A Study on the Improvement of Pavement for Bus Rapid Transit System in Seoul
Bae, Yoon Shin ; Kwon, Wan Taeg ; Lee, Sang Yum ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.011
PURPOSES: This study is to suggest the improvement for bus rapid transit system in Seoul METHODS: The maintenance cost for bus lane damages and plastic deformations are increased by bus passing speed, heavy bus weight, and climate change (localized torrential downpour, subtropical climate) and the accident risk has been increased. RESULTS: Recent analysis of pavement damage indicates that bus lane damage caused by heavy weight is overwhelming and it is urgent to prepare countermeasures. CONCLUSIONS : Pavement data of bus rapid transit system, bus transit numbers and pavement damage elements were analyzed. By analyzing pavement maintenance, design and construction, the countermeasures for the improvement of bus lane pavement and effective maintenance were suggested.
A Study for Selection and Field Applicability of Asphalt Precast Pothole Repair Materials
Kim, Jincheol ; Bae, Sungho ; Lee, Jinho ; Yang, Jaebong ; Kim, Jiwon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 21~33
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.021
PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to break away from the workforce method using cold-mix asphalt mixtures and has a constant quality and has develop repair materials of pre-production asphalt-precast types. METHODS: The selection of the repair material was determined as the results obtained through physical properties of materials and the field applicability. In case of repair materials, values obtained through Marshall stability test & the dynamic stability test & retained stability test as well as the site conditions was considered. In case of adhesive, test results were obtained through examination of the bond strength(tensile, shear) and the field applicability of the adhesive was examined through combined specimens to simulate field applications. RESULTS : According to the results of laboratory tests, in the case of repair materials, Marshall stability and dynamic stability, retained stability of cold-mix reaction type asphalt mixture is the highest. In the case of adhesive, two-component epoxy-urea has a very high bonding strength(tensile, shear) was most excellent. According to the results of field tests, when epoxy-urea was excellent workability. Also, the repair body through actual mock-up test did not occur large deformation and fracture after 12 months. CONCLUSIONS : A suitable repair material is cold-mix reaction type mixture of asphalt-precast, a suitable adhesive is a two-component epoxy-urea.
Estimating Proper Number of Equipment for Ordinary Road Management Operations
Kim, In Su ; Yang, Choong Heon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 35~43
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.035
PURPOSES: This study provides a methodology for estimating proper number of equipment for ordinary road management works. METHODS: Utilizing a computerized data of record systems (KAMIS) in 18 regional offices, two evaluation indicators were calculated and then normalized for objective comparison. Applied magnifying factor to the outputs, the proper number of equipment can be estimated. RESULTS: As a result, proper number of equipment by regional offices were required 28% more than current conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Using the proposed a methodology, fundamental data for scientific and reasonable strategies can be stored as well as be used for the future plan for budget allocation.
Moisture Damage Evaluation of Asphalt Mixtures depending on the Types of Anti-Stripping Agent
Choi, Sung Ho ; Kim, Won Jae ; Le Van, Phuc ; Lee, Hyun Jong ; Hwang, Sung Do ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 45~50
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.045
PURPOSES : The objective of this study is to analyze the performance of anti-stripping agent depending on its type and content to reduce pothole, an increasing pavement distress due to abnormal climate intensity. METHODS : In the past years, U.S and many countries in Europe use hydrated lime and liquid anti-stripping agent in asphalt mixtures. Hydrated lime or liquid anti-stripping agent is substituted for filler and binder, respectively, to improve the anti-stripping property of asphalt mixtures. To investigate this, indirect tensile strength test was performed and TSR values were compared for different content of hydrated lime and types of liquid anti-stripping agent in asphalt mixture. RESULTS : Test results indicate that hydrated lime remarkably increased the asphalt mixture performance on anti-stripping denoted by the increased in TSR values from 55% to 100%. Liquid anti-stripping agent also increased the value of TSR but not significant. In addition, depending on the types of aggregate, TSR values and effect of liquid anti-stripping were different. CONCLUSIONS : Using anti-stripping agents improve the anti-stripping property of asphalt mixture especially hydrated lime; however, more experiments should be conducted to improve the reliability about the effect of liquid anti-stripping agent.
A Study on the Application Method in Korea of Energy Harvesting Technology - Focused on the Case Study of Interseasonal Heat Transfer System -
Jo, Byungwan ; Lee, Yunsung ; Yoon, Kwangwon ; Kim, Dogeun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 51~62
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.051
PURPOSES: This research is a basic study for application method in korea of energy harvesting technology, and it is a research to find out the direction of architectural planning through analyzing cases of interseasonal heat transfer system applied buildings. METHODS : In this paper authors investigate application necessity of energy harvesting technology, we analyzed energy use status of building section through analyzing domestic energy consumption status and analyzed domestic renewable energy generation potential. Also we study the features of energy harvesting technology, interseasonal heat transfer system, and case study on interseasonal heat transfer system applied buildings. RESULTS : On the basis of case study on interseasonal heat transfer system applied buildings, we analyzed feasibility study and classified into four sections(economic, environment, design, applicability), and suggested directions of architectural planning. CONCLUSIONS: Economic renewable energy for public and commercial buildings(hospitals, offices, schools, factories) can be provided effectively using Interseasonal Heat Transfer.
Performance Evaluation of RAP and WMA Mixtures Located in MN/Road Test Cells through Air Voids Analyses
Moon, Ki Hoon ; Falchetto, Augusto Cannone ; Jeong, Jin Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 63~74
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.063
PURPOSES: This research is to evaluate the mechanical performance of different types of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) pavement cells prepared for MN/Road field testing section through an extensive experimental analysis of air voids and simple statistical evaluation tools (i.e. hypothesis test). METHODS: An extensive experimental work was performed to measure air voids in 82 asphalt mixture cores (238 samples in total) obtained from nine different types of road cell located in MN/Road testing field. In order to numerically and quantitatively address the differences in air voids among the different test Cells built in MN/Road, a simple statistical test method (i.e. t-test) with 5% significance was used. RESULTS: Similar trends in air voids content were found among the mixtures including conventional HMA, Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) and Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) combined with taconite aggregate this provides support to the use of RAP and WMA technology in the constructions of asphalt pavement. However, in case of acid modified HMA mixtures, significant differences in air void content were observed between on the wheel path and between wheel path location, which implies negative performances in rutting and thermal cracking resistances. Conclusions : It can be concluded that use of RAP and WMA technology in the construction of conventional asphalt pavement and the use of PPA (Poly Phosphoric Acid) in combinations with SBS (Styrene Butadiene Styrene) in asphalt binder production provide satisfactory performance and, therefore, are highly recommended.
Development of Level of Service System for Road Infrastructure Asset Management
Han, Dae Seok ; Yoo, In Kyoon ; Lee, Su Hyung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 75~86
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.075
PURPOSES: The aim of this paper is developing user-oriented flexible Level Of Service (LOS) system for integrated asset management of various road facilities. It is essential to overcome limitations of general management systems which only focus on a type of assets (e.g. pavement, bridge etc.), and to serve a customizable LOS platform for smooth implementation and future improvement of the LOS considering various managerial environments of road agencies. METHODS: This study suggested a total framework of the LOS system as a process for self-development, operation and improvement of LOS system to conduct the PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) in management process. In the process, we adopted user-customizable elements regarding asset definition, service index and evaluation method to match with the managerial environment of road agencies. In addition, we conducted an empirical study on the entire process of the suggested LOS system with a real road agency (Korea Express Highway) to prove applicability of the LOS system. RESULTS: From the empirical study, we confirmed that the suggested LOS system framework were suitable for development of customized LOS system. In addition, evaluation of asset conditions by LOS ratings, and quantification of vision achievement of the Korea Express Highway were successfully made. It would be the first trial in integrated management approach with LOS systems for numerous road facilities. CONCLUSIONS : It was recognized that easy application and sustainable improvement of the LOS was the most critical point in asset management. The suggested LOS system would be a powerful weapon as a managerial tool in preparing tight budget, aging infrastructures, and increased demands for more accountability both in Korea and internationally. Implementation of the LOS system needs to be expanded to the other infrastructure members to serve satisfactory level of service to taxpayers.
Application and Verification of Thermodynamics by using Cylindrical Asphalt Mixture Specimen
Yun, Tae Young ; Yoo, Pyeong Jun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 87~95
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.087
PURPOSES: Evaluation of thermal conductivity and convection properties of asphalt mixture by using thermodynamics. METHODS: In this research, temperature prediction model based on thermodynamics is derived for asphalt mixture in transient state and it is verified with laboratory test results. RESULTS: The derived temperature prediction model shows good agreement with laboratory test results. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that the derived model based on thermodynamics and thermal properties in the literature are good enough to capture temperature variation in laboratory test. The approach based on thermodynamics can be applied to more complex temperature simulations.
A Diagnosis Study on the Korea Transport Database for Stable Feasibility Analysis on Transportation Facilities
Kim, Jin-Tae ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 97~110
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.097
PURPOSES: This study is to find the substantial shortcomings embedded in the government policies and practical administrative processes associated with the Korean Transportation Database (KTDB) and to propose preliminary approaches to overcome. METHODS: Administrative and socioeconomic issues on inefficiency in public and private investment and redemption was found from the literature review. Through the interview of sets of experts and practitioners, a set of faultiness embodied in the administrative procedure utilizing and managing KTDB was found and analyzed. RESULTS: This study found the erroneous administrative elements categorized into four groups: faulty socioeconomic data supporting local governors`s optimistic will yielded overestimation of future traffic demand; faulty data incidentally introduced in KTDB burdened traffic demand analysis; unavoidable misuse of KTDB worsened the unstability of KTDB; and apathy to manage the KTDB data deviated systematic management. The proposed includes the alteration of the administrative and technical systems to overcome those shortcomings. CONCLUSIONS : Erroneous administrative elements associated with KTDB should be concerned prior to indicating subsequential faultiness in demand analysis.
Pedestrian Accident Severity Analysis and Modeling by Arterial Road Function
Beck, Tea Hun ; Park, Min kyu ; Park, Byung Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 111~118
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.111
PURPOSES: The purposes are to analyze the pedestrian accident severity and to develop the accident models by arterial road function. METHODS: To analyze the accident, count data and ordered logit models are utilized in this study. In pursuing the above, this study uses pedestrian accident data from 2007 to 2011 in Cheongju. RESULTS : The main results are as follows. First, daytime, Tue.Wed.Thu., over-speeding, male pedestrian over 65 old are selected as the independent variables to increase pedestrian accident severity. Second, as the accident models of main and minor arterial roads, the negative binomial models are developed, which are analyzed to be statistically significant. Third, such the main variables related to pedestrian accidents as traffic and pedestrian volume, road width, number of exit/entry are adopted in the models. Finally, Such the policy guidelines as the installation of pedestrian fence, speed hump and crosswalks with pedestrian refuge area, designated pedestrian zone, and others are suggested for accident reduction. CONCLUSIONS: This study analyzed the pedestrian accident severity, and developed the negative binomial accident models. The results of this study expected to give some implications to the pedestrian safety improvement in Cheongju.
A Calibration of the fundamental Diagram on the Type of Expressway
Yoon, Jae-Yong ; Lee, Eui-Eun ; Kim, Hyunmyung ; Han, Dong-Hee ; Lee, Dong-Youn ; Lee, Choong-Shik ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 119~126
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.119
PURPOSES: Used in transportation planning and traffic engineering, almost traffic simulation tools have input variable values optimized by overseas traffic flow attribution because they are almost developed in overseas country. Thus, model calibration appropriated for internal traffic flow attribution is needed to improve reliability of simulation method. METHODS : In this study, the traffic flow model calibration is based on expressways. For model calibration, it needs to define each expressway link according to attribution, thus it is classified by design speed, geometric conditions and number of lanes. And modified greenshield model is used as traffic flow model. RESULTS : The result of the traffic model calibration indicates that internal congested density is lower than overseas. And the result of analysis according to the link attribution indicates that the more design speed and number of lanes increase, the lower the minimum speed, the higher the congested density. CONCLUSIONS: In the traffic simulation tool developed in overseas, the traffic flow is different as design speed and number of lanes, but road segment don`t affect traffic flow. Therefore, these results need to apply reasonably to internal traffic simulation method.
Classification Method of Congestion Change Type for Efficient Traffic Management
Shim, Sangwoo ; Lee, Hwanpil ; Lee, Kyujin ; Choi, Keechoo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 127~134
DOI : 10.7855/IJHE.2014.16.4.127
PURPOSES : To operate more efficient traffic management system, it is utmost important to detect the change in congestion level on a freeway segment rapidly and reliably. This study aims to develop classification method of congestion change type. METHODS: This research proposes two classification methods to capture the change of the congestion level on freeway segments using the dedicated short range communication (DSRC) data and the vehicle detection system (VDS) data. For developing the classification methods, the decision tree models were employed in which the independent variable is the change in congestion level and the covariates are the DSRC and VDS data collected from the freeway segments in Korea. RESULTS : The comparison results show that the decision tree model with DSRC data are better than the decision tree model with VDS data. Specifically, the decision tree model using DSRC data with better fits show approximately 95% accuracies. CONCLUSIONS : It is expected that the congestion change type classified using the decision tree models could play an important role in future freeway traffic management strategy.