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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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Methodology for Modifying Aging Condition of Hot-mix Recycled Asphalt Mixture
Kim, Kwang-Woo ; Hong, Sang-Ki ; Lee, Gi-Ho ; Doh, Young-Soo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~9
This is a basic research for producing hot-mix recycled asphalt mixtures and suggesting methods for solving quality problems, if any. Various mixing methods are introduced to mate aging evenly between old and virgin aggregates and to improve aging conditions. Gel-permeation chromatography(GPC) analysis was performed to evaluate aging of binders coated on coarse aggregates and a matrix separately. Round-shaped aggregates(13m gravel) were used in manufacturing mixtures for analysis of aging levels in recycled mixtures. It was found out that there was significant difference in aging levels between the binder coated on RAP's coarse aggregates and on virgin aggregates in a recycled mixture. The difference in the aging level was reduced by modifying mixing method(RAP and virgin binders were mixed first and then virgin aggregates were introduced). Among A to E mixing methods studied, the D was turned out to be the best.
Correlation of Binder GPC Characteristics and Mechanical Properties of Hot-Mix Recycled Asphalt Mixtures
Kim, Kwang-Woo ; Hong, Sang-Ki ; Cho, Mun-Jin ; Doh, Young-Soo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 11~20
This study examined the correlation between mechanical properties and LMS(Large molecular size) of binders in hot-recycled asphalt mixtures. Hot-recycled asphalt mixtures were manufactured by various mixing methods. Laboratory tests including indirect tensile strength, wheel tracking test and Kim test were performed for each recycled mixture. Gel-permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis was performed for the binders coated on virgin and old (RAP) aggregates separately. For the purpose of binder aging analysis, a round-shaped virgin coarse aggregates (13mm gravel) were introduced in recycled mixtures. This makes possible to distinguish the virgin aggregates from RAP aggregates in recycled mixtures for GPC sampling. Results of GPC showed that there was significant difference in aging level between the binder coated on RAP and that of virgin aggregates in the same recycled mixture. Regression analysis was performed to correlate mechanical properties to LMS ratio. Results showed that most of the mechanical properties had relatively good correlation with LMS. This trend agree with LMS increase up to some degree, but fails for further LMS increase.
An Impurity Quantitative Study for Pavement Application in Recycled Waste Aggregates
Park, Jun-Young ; Cho, Yoon-Ho ; Lim, Nam-Woong ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 21~29
One way to recycle the construction wastes is to use the waste concrete aggregates as the pavement materials. Although there are many studies and technical developments about waste concrete aggregates, the impurities produced in the process of the aggregate production prevent the use of the waste concrete aggregates in the pavement construction. In this study, the impurities included in the recycled waste aggregates were classified into inorganic and organic ones according to their characteristics, and the influences of each impurities on the pavement performance were presented. It was also showed that the limit of impurity content in the lean concrete base through the correlation between the inorganic impurity content and the compressive strength, and that in the granuler subbase layer through the correlation between the organic impurity content and the modified CBR. In conclusion, it is possible to apply waste concrete aggregates for the pavement when inorganic impurity content is less than 10% in the lean concrete base, and organic impurity content is less than 2% in granular subbase.
A Moisture Diffusivity Model of Hardening Concrete
Jeong, Jin-Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 31~38
Concrete has higher vapor pressure than its surrounding ambient air immediately after placement. Moisture at concrete surface evaporates to the ambient air to adjust equilibrium of the vapor pressure between them. The moisture inside the concrete moves to the surface because the evaporation at the surface causes gradient of vapor pressure inside the concrete. Plastic cracking, degree of hydration, strength development, and others caused by velocity of the moisture movement significantly influences quality of concrete. In this paper, the moisture diffusivity of early-age concrete was back-calculated using governing equation of the moisture diffusion, and temperature and relative humidity of concrete measured in a laboratory. The moisture diffusivity of the concrete was modeled using the back-calculated moisture diffusivity. The relative humidity of the concrete calculated by finite element method (FEM) using the modeled moisture diffusivity as Input data coincided with the measured relative humidity well.
Dynamic Deformation Characteristics of Fiber Reinforced Soils with Various Gradation
Mok, Young-Jin ; Jung, Sung-Yong ; Park, Chul-Soo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 39~47
Fiber reinforced soils have recently implemented to fills and base layers of highways and railroads, and deformation behaviors of reinforced soils in turn should be investigated. The paper evaluated deformation characteristics of fiber reinforced sands and their effectiveness of reinforcement using resonant column tests. The specimens were prepared by varying gradation and mixing polypropylene staple fibers of 0.3% fiber content. Maximum shear moduli of reinforced sands were increased by up to 30% with increasing uniformity coefficient. Shear moduli of well-graded reinforced sands were larger than those of poorly-graded ones regardless of confining pressure in the whole range of shearing strain and reinforcement was, in turn, more effective with higher uniformity coefficient.
Comparison and Evaluation of Dynamic Modulus of Hot Mix Asphalt with Different Shift Factors
Kim, Hyun-Oh ; Lee, Kwan-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 49~61
The dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt can be determined according to the different combinations of testing temperature and loading frequency. The superposition rule is adapted to get the master curve of dynamic modulus for each hot mix asphalt. There are couple of different methods to get the shift factor which is a key for making the master curve. In this paper, Arrehnius, 2002 AASHTO, and experimental method was employed to get the master curve. Evaluation of dynamic modulus for 25mm base course of hot mix asphalt with granite aggregate and two asphalt binders(AP-3 and AP-5) was carried out. Superpave Level 1 Mix Design with gyratory compactor was adopted to determine the optimum asphalt binder content(OAC) and the measured ranges of OAC were between 4.1% and 4.4%. UTM was used for laboratory test. The dynamic modulus and phase angle were determined by testing on UTM, with 5 different testing temperature(-10, 5, 20, 40, &
) and 5 different loading frequencies(0.05, 0.1, 1, 10, 25 Hz). Using the measured dynamic modulus and phase angle, the input parameters of Sigmoidal function equation to represent the master curve were determined and these will be adopted in FEM analysis for asphalt pavements. The shift factor and activation energy for determination of master curve were calculated.
Problems in High Temperature Superpave PG-Grading and A New Alternative
Huh, Jung-Do ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 63~71
Asphalt binder grading is to specify quality of asphalt binders relating to pavement performance in orderly manner, and provides the necessary information in selecting the appropriate asphalt binder for the hot mix design. For this purpose, United States has developed the PG-grading in 1995 and is implementing in practice. Recently, this American PG-grading system has been accepted as the domestic binder grading specification. However, the Asian (including Japan and China) and the most European countries are still use the traditional penetration and viscosity specification. The goal of this study lies in analysing the American PG-grading for its justification. As the result, the serious errors are found, and thus, to eliminate the errors, the more precise binder grading equation is introduced, Credibility of this study is checked by predicting the literature rut data with the equations mentioned. The prediction result are validating the claimes made in this study.
Analysis of Air Void Systems in Latex-Modified Concretes with Cement Types
Yun, Kyong-Ku ; Jeong, Won-Kyong ; Kim, Ki-Heun ; Kim, Kyong-Jin ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 73~82
Linear traverse method and point count method described at ASTM have been widely used to estimate the air void system in hardened concrete. These methods, however, are rarely used at present, because they require many efforts and time consuming works. Also these results depend on each person's decision, and are not repeatable. Thus, new image analysis method using microscope and computer processes has been approached for analyzing air void system in hardened concrete. The purpose of this study was to analysis the air void systems in latex-modified concretes using a reasonable and objective image analysis method with main experimental variables such as cement types(ordinary portland cement, rapid setting cement) and latex contents(0%,15%). In the results of this study, the use of polymer latex showed that it could be attributed to its air void systems, due to the fact that the latex emulsion acts as an air-entraining agent, which thus generally guarantees an adequate air-void system.
The Application of Maturity Method on Whitetopping Construction
Jung, Jong-Suk ; Cho, Yoon-Ho ; Lee, Kang-Won ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 7, issue 1, 2005, Pages 83~92
Maturity method is a non-destructive method for estimating in-place concrete strength as a function of time and temperature. The main objective is to use maturity method determining joint sawing and traffic opening time for whitetopping construction in Korea. Another objective is to investigate the influence of air temperature in the correspondence to slab temperature and maturity value. For determining the joint sawing and traffic opening time, thermachron i-button and strain gage were inserted in the fresh concrete in the slab and a maturity value was calculated at desired times. In-place strength was then estimated from a pre-established relationship between maturity values and compressive strength. The results showed that there are significant differences between the estimated strength obtained from maturity curve and in-place concrete strength. The reasons are that the gain of in-place concrete strength was influenced by several factors in the field such as curing conditions, air temperature, and wind speed etc. Also, the results showed that air temperature had significant influence on slab temperature and maturity value The slopes of maturity curves exponentially decrease as air temperature decreases. This means that maturity value sharply dropped as air temperature decreases.