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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Permanent Deformation Characteristics of Recycled Asphalt Concretes Made by Improved Binder-Rejuvenation
Kim Kwang-Woo ; Kweon Oh-Sun ; Doh Young-Soo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~13
This paper is one of the studies for developing new methodologies for improving performance of hot-mix recycled asphalt mixtures. The objective of this study is to evaluate rut-resistance characteristics of recycled asphalt mixture which was prepared by newly developed mixing method. The new mixing method provided more sufficient rejuvenation of old binder of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP), making homogeneous binder viscosity level in a recycled mixture. Two aggregates (gneiss and granite), two RAP contents (15% and 30%) and two contents (none and 6%) of polymer modifier (LDPE) were used. Recycled mixture was prepared with two methods; method A and method F. To examine difference of binder oxidation level by type of material within a recycled mixture, Gel-permeation chromatography(GPC) analysis was performed on the binders mixed with coarse aggregates and matrix separately. Laboratory tests were performed for evaluation of rut resistance characteristics of each recycled mixture and these includes wheel tracking (WT) test and Kim test. Rut depth and dynamic stability were obtained from WT test and deformation strength
was obtained from Kim test. The results of regression analysis was shown that correlation
of F mixing mixtures was higher than one of A mixing mixtures. Therefore, F mixing mixtures showed more consistent rut resistance than h mixing mixtures.
Methodology for Developing HMA Mix Design Taking into Account Performance-Related Mechanistic Properties
Kim Boo-Il ; Lee Moon-Sup ; Kim Kwang-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 15~23
Criteria of the current asphalt mix design, Marshall method, includes the stability and flow which are not related with field performance of HMA mixture, together with the air void, Void filled with asphalt (VFA) and/or Void of mineral Aggregate(VMA). In addition, the limits of stability and flow are satisfied in most cases, the Optimum asphalt content (OAC) is determined based on volumetric properties, such as the air void and/or VFA and/of VMA. Therefore, many researchers have sought mechanistic properties which can replace the stability and flow, making the designed mixture having potential for better field performance. This study initiated to develope a mix design by introducing two performance-related mechanistic properties, the deformation strengh and fracture energy, in place of the stability and flow of the Marshall method. The deformation strength
from the Kim Test has a high correlation with rutting property and the fracture energy(FE) from the indirect tensile test represents the fatigue cracking property of asphalt mixture. Four types of asphalt mixture were prepared for examining possibility of using the suggested mix design method in comparison with current methods. The results showed that mechanical properties were reflected in determination of OAC with this suggested mix design, unlike the existing Marshall method.
Dynamic Response of Jointed Concrete Pavement in Test Road Due to Temperature Gradient
Yoo Tae-Seok ; Jeong Jin-Hoon ; Han Seung-Hwan ; Sim Jong-Sung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 25~32
Behavior of concrete pavement due to temperature gradient was investigated for 48 hours at test road using Falling Weight Deflectometer. The deflections at slab center changed similarly to those of ambient temperature and temperature gradients in the slab. And rapid variations in the deflections were observed between 8 to 12 in the morning. However, dynamic modulus of subgrade reaction and joint deflections showed reverse trends to the ambient temperature and temperature gradients. The dynamic modulus of subgrade reaction was significantly affected by temperature gradient when its value got higher. Backcalculated elastic moduli were obtained using AREA method and Method of Equivalent Thickness. The trends of the backcalculated elastic modulus were similar to those of dynamic modulus of subgrade reaction. Measured load transfer efficiencies showed maximum peak in the morning due to dowel locking. However, additional effort is necessary to verify the result.
Development of Tie-Bar Installation Method for Concrete Pavement Widening
Hwang In-Kyu ; Yang Sung-Chul ; Jeong Jin-Hoon ; Yoo Tae-Seok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 33~43
Pull-out strength of tie-bin used in pavement construction is not an issue because those are embedded in newly placed concrete slabs. However, sufficient pull-out strength should be secured in widening constructions because, in case, the tie-bars are inserted into drilled holes of the existing slabs with liquid filler. Insufficient pull-out strength will result in lowered load transfer efficiency between adjacent slabs in addition to poor serviceability and durability due to joint widening. The pull-out strength of the tie-bars installed by current method is evaluated and improved methods are proposed. The field pull-out strength obtained by the current method was only 42.7% of required strength. Its first counterproposal is using to insert the liquid filler into drilled holes and stoppers to prevent it from flowing out of the holes. However, this method was not judged to secure desired level of quality control. The second counterproposal which substitutes the existing type of the tie-bars by SL anchor bolts was judged to secure sufficient pull out-strength in addition to the quality control and constructibility.
Temperature Characteristics of Wet-mixing Solidified Soil Pavement
Yoo Ji-Hyeung ; Lee Seong-Won ; Kim Dae-Sung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 45~54
The Construction policy of government ever since 1970s have brought the economical growth, but has been causing environmental problems. Most roads were paved either asphalt concrete or portland cement concrete. These types of pavements has caused to rise temperature by making local heat islands in urban during summer time. Recently the wet-mixing solidified soil pavement, a kind of soil-cement, has developed and has been applied to the environment-oriented pavement. The solidified soil wet-mixed is placed on the subgrade along with asphalt concrete and portland cement concrete. Thermistors are laid in these field test pavements. The temperature gradients of these pavements are automatically measured with time. As the results of this test, the equation estimating surface temperature of pavement is proposed by analyzing measured temperature data. It is shown that the temperature change within the surface layer due to the change of air temperature is the greatest in the asphalt mixture and the least in the solidified soil mixture. Since it is proven that this wet-mixing solidified soil pavement emit less radiant heat than other existed pavements. Therefore this type of pavement can be successfully applied to the roads, such as walks, parkways, and bikeways, which are required to be human-friendly and environment-oriented.
Performance and Adequate Usage of Deicing Materials
Yun Duk-Geun ; Jeong Jun-Hwa ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 55~64
Deicing work is usually considered as a main part of winter road management activity. The deicing includes the physical method which removes snow with tools and the chemical method which melts snow with deicing materials. When removing snow using deicing materials, using excessive deicing materials will cause the environment and budget problems. When deicing materials are used less than the required amount, snow will remain on the road surface. In this research, the performance of deicing marerials has been evaluated and the amount of deicing materials has been determined by the laboratory and the field experiments. Also the adequate usages of deicing materials has been proposed.
The Extract of 3D Road Centerline Using Video Camera
Seo Dong-Ju ; Lee Jong-Chool ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 65~75
According to development of computer technology, the utilization of the fourth generation of digital photogrammetry progresses favorable. Especially the method of using digital video camera is very practicable and has an advantage such as a profitability for the amateur. In road field which if centrical facilities of national industry, this method was utilized to acquire road information for the safety diagnosis or maintenance. In this study, 3-dimensional position information of road centerline was extracted using digital video camera which has practicality and economical efficiency. This data could be a basic source in road information project.
Development of Feasible Dynamic Stability in Wheel Tracking Test for Asphalt Concrete Mixtures
Kim Kwang-Woo ; Doh Young-Soo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 77~87
Dynamic stability (DS) in the wheel tracking (WT) test is used as a basic index of rut-resistance for asphalt mixtures. In general, the deeper rut depth is obtained from the weaker mixture, resulting in the lower DS value. On the other hand, the shallower rut depth is obtained from the stronger mixture, resulting in the higher DS. However, it is not always the case when the DS is calculated by the existing method because the DS is simply determined based on the slope at the final stage of the rut depth-cycle curve. Specifically, in the case of the depth-cycle curve showing a steeper slope in the early part but flatter slope in last part, the DS is calculated to be higher than the curve showing a ever-increasing slope throughout the test. As long as the last part of slope is flatter, the deeper final rut depth is evaluated to show a higher DS than the little final rut depth. Therefore, a reasonable method for DS evaluation need to be established. Several new methods were suggested by considering the early, middle and final parts of rut depth to determine a reasonable DS. The results have shown that those new methods have demonstrated a significant improvement in distinguishing similarly performing mixtures. The result also showed that
had better correlation with SD than any other methods , representing the rutting resistance of asphalt mixture very well. The new DS calculation method is relatively simple and easy to follow. More validatin study is required for practical application.
A Study on Applicability of Diversified Truck Weight-to-Power Ratios
Oh Heung-Un ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 89~98
The weight-to-power ratio of the standard truck for the climbing lane design is known to be 200lb/hp. The value was known to be assumed based on constant trucks' capability and regional distributions in stead of widely varied distributions region by region. Additionally, this value was assumed after investigating registered vehicles' statistics instead of investigating real portions of truck volumes. Therefore, it may be said that the value of the current standard truck does not reflect regional or industrial diversity and proportions of truck volumes. To resolve these issues, the present paper studies diversified standard trucks which consider regionally or industrially diversified and observed-volume based weigh-to-power ratios. For this purpose, individual trucks' weigh-to-power ratios obtained at toll-gates of national expressways were used. For regionally based study, the whole nation are divided into 8 regions, then each region is characterized by a unit of a weigh-to-power ratio. The applicability of each value is provided. Results show that the single value for the nationwide standard truck may be 208 lb/hp, 8 lb/hp higher than the current value of 200 lb/hp. Results also show that regional values ranged widely from 170 lb/hp to 230 lb, 30 lb/hp higher/lower than the current value. Conclusively, regional diversity of trucks' weigh-to-power ratios was identified then three types of standardized weigh-to-power ratios which may represent regional characteristics were suggested. As the diversified standard truck are applied to the design standard, two benefits are expected such as decrease of rear-end accident rates or decrease of climb lane construction costs.
Characteristics of Pollutant Washed-off from Highways with Storm Runoff Duration
Kim Lee-Hyun ; Lee Eun-Ju ; Ko Seok-Oh ; Kang Hee-Man ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 99~106
During the dry periods, many types of pollutant are accumulating on the paved surface by vehicle activities. Particularly, the highways are stormwater intensive landuses because of high imperviousness and high pollutant mass emissions from vehicles. The accumulated pollutants in highways are washed-off during a rainfall event and are highly contributing on water quality of receiving water bodies. The stormwater runoff from the highways are containing various pollutants such as metals, oil & grease and toxic chemicals originated from vehicles. Therefore, this research is performed to find pollutant characteristics in the magnitude of statistical pollutant concentrations during storm periods. During the monitoring periods, the first-flush phenomenon is visibly occurred on most storm events, which is confirmed from hydro- and pollute-graphs. The 95% confidence intervals of washed-off pollutant concentration are ranged to 154.7-257.1 mg/L for 755,138.9-197.6 mg/L for COD, 3.5-6.4 mg/L for oil & grease, 6.3-9.2 mg/L for TN and 2.3-3.31 mg/L for TP. The first flush effect is mostly occurred within initial 30 min of storm duration.
Development of Drainage Asphalt Mixture Using Large Size Aggregate and Its Performance on Test Pavement
Ogino Shoji ; Ohmae Tatsuhiko ; Matsumoto Yuki ; Yamada Masaru ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 107~117
Recently, there has been a remarkable trend of using aggregates at sizes smaller than 13 mm for drainage asphalt pavement (DAP) in order to reduce the noise generated between vehicle tires and road surface. These DAPs have their performance and durability seriously worsen after several years in-service due to the clogging of void space and the abrasion. This paper proposes the use of large size aggregates in porous asphalt mixtures to overcome these defects. Results of laboratory and field experiments on asphalt mixtures with several aggregate gradations are investigated and compared. The study focuses on advantages of DAP using large size aggregate and on particle size combinations containing no fine aggregates of size 2.36 mm or less, which have not been considered in current engineering practice.
Behavior of Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement under Moving Vehicle Loads and Effecct of Steel Ratio
Kim Seong-Min ; Cho Byoung-Hooi ; Kwon Soon-Min ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 119~130
The behavior of continuously reinforced concrete pavement (CRCP) and the effect of the steel ratio on the behavior under moving wheel loads were investigated in this study. The CRCP sections having different steel ratios of 0.6, 0.7, and 0.8% were considered to evaluate the load transfer efficiency (LTE) at transverse cracks and to investigate the strains in CRCP when the system is subjected to moving vehicle loads. The LTEs were obtained by conducting the falling weight deflectometer (FWD) tests and the tests were performed at three different times of a day to find the curling effect due to the daily temperature changes in CRCP. The strains in the concrete slab and the bond braker layer of the CRCP system under moving vehicle loads were obtained using the embedded strain gages. The results of this study show that the LTEs at transverse cracks are very high and not affected by the time of testing and the steel ratio. The strains in CRCP under vehicle loads become smaller as the vehicle speed increases or as the wandering distance increases; however, the strains are not clearly affected by the steel ratio.
Development of a Procedure for Remaining Life Estimation in Airfield Concrete Pavement
Kwon Soo-Ahn ; Suh Young-Chan ; Cho Yong-Joo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 131~138
Methods of back calculation for either design procedures or elastic moduli obtained from FWD(Falling Weight Deflectometer) tests have widely been used to predict remaining life of airfield concrete pavements. Since the variation of the elastic modulus obtained from the FWD test depends on the back calculation methods, prediction of remaining life of airfield pavement using the back calculation method has not been reliable. In addition, the FWD method only concentrates on the structural integrity of the pavement without considering functional distress. In this study, a newly developed remaining life estimation procedure is proposed. This methodology includes both structural and functional consideration and suggests models and decision criteria for each stage. In order to improve the estimation procedure on remaining life of pavement, conducted the several tests on an old airfield concrete pavement. As a result, it is concluded that the load transfer efficiency on joint is better for predicting remaining life of pavement than the elastic modulus, which is commonly used. In order to verify applicability of the newly developed estimation procedure and detailed models, investigation and analysis were conducted according to the new methodology on C-airfield pavement. Finally, it is confirmed that the efficiency of the proposed method for practical application was good enough.
Multi-Scale Heterogeneous Fracture Modeling of Asphalt Mixture Using Microfabric Distinct Element Approach
Kim Hyun-Wook ; Buttler William G. ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 139~152
Many experimental and numerical approaches have been developed to evaluate paving materials and to predict pavement response and distress. Micromechanical simulation modeling is a technology that can reduce the number of physical tests required in material formulation and design and that can provide more details, e.g., the internal stress and strain state, and energy evolution and dissipation in simulated specimens with realistic microstructural features. A clustered distinct element modeling (DEM) approach was implemented In the two-dimensional particle flow software package (PFC-2D) to study the complex behavior observed in asphalt mixture fracturing. The relationship between continuous and discontinuous material properties was defined based on the potential energy approach. The theoretical relationship was validated with the uniform axial compression and cantilever beam model using two-dimensional plane strain and plane stress models. A bilinear cohesive displacement-softening model was implemented as an intrinsic interface and applied for both homogeneous and heterogeneous fracture modeling in order to simulate behavior in the fracture process zone and to simulate crack propagation. A disk-shaped compact tension test (DC(T)) with heterogeneous microstructure was simulated and compared with the experimental fracture test results to study Mode I fracture. The realistic arbitrary crack propagation including crack deflection, microcracking, crack face sliding, crack branching, and crack tip blunting could be represented in the fracture models. This micromechanical modeling approach represents the early developmental stages towards a 'virtual asphalt laboratory,' where simulations of laboratory tests and eventually field response and distress predictions can be made to enhance our understanding of pavement distress mechanisms, such its thermal fracture, reflective cracking, and fatigue crack growth.