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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Route Planning Considering Risk Factors Based on GIS
Roh Tae-Ho ; Jang Ho-Sik ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 1~19
Researches on method for quantitative analysis applied with decision-making in consideration of variation in risk factors based on GIS(Geographic Information System) concluded as follows. Firstly, by way of decision-making in consideration of variation in risk factors, quantitative analysis performed for the existing route was applied to the new route, which would bring about reliable criteria in route planning and basic design stage. Secondly, horizontal and vertical alignment were easily available out of GIS for relatively speedy design and analysis with three dimensional alignment by decision-making in route planning. Thirdly, automation of route alignment is possible by utilizing quantitative evaluation system established in this research so that a risk analysis can be carried out in a relatively short time. Therefore it will eventually contribute to further development of road design technology.
Rutting Potential Evaluation of Asphalt Mixtures by Repeated-Load Creep Test
Zhu L.Y. ; Fwa T.F. ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 21~28
Field or laboratory wheel tracking tests have been employed for the evaluation of the rutting potential of asphalt paving mixtures. Compared to field tests, laboratory wheel tracking tests are much less expensive and more manageable for most road projects. However, most test laboratories are not equipped to perform such tests because there does not exist any standard test procedure, and the required equipment is rather expensive. Futhermore, the size of test specimens and the relatively large quantity of test mixture required present difficulties for laboratory specimen mixing and compaction. This paper describes a project conducted to study the feasibility of replacing wheel tracking testsby a repeated-load creep test for rutting potential evaluation. Comparisons were made between the results of the two tests for different test temperatures, loading speeds and applied pressures. Three types of asphalt mixtures were studied in the test program. Favorable conclusions concerning the use of the repeated-load test for rutting potential evaluation were drawn based on the findings of the experimental test results. The correlation between the two types of tests was found to be good for all threeasphalt mixtures. Adopting the repeated-load creep test would lead to cost savings since it employs standard test equipment already available in most laboratories. It would also result in substantial time savings due to the much smaller quantity of mix needed, and the ease in specimen preparation.
Estimation of Cumulative Axle-Load Spectrum for Axle-Load Distribution Standard by Vehicle Type
An Ji-Hwan ; Ohm Byung-Sik ; Kim Yeon-Bok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 29~37
The primary objective of this study is to characterize traffic axle loadings that consider Korea specific traffic conditions for developing mechanistic-based pavement design method as a part of Korea Pavement Research Program(KPRP). Although the concept of equivalent single axle load(ESAL) has been generally used since the 1960s for the pavement design, the mechanistic-based pavement design procedure requires more accurate axle loading data on the specific pavement. In this study, axle loading data were collected according to vehicle type and highway functional classification. Axle-load spectrum was then standardized by cumulative density function(cdf), because the axle load spectrum could vary from the observed site, truck traffic volume, and truck type, Finally, this study presented the procedure and S-shaped exponential models for characterizing axle load spectra according to vehicle type and highway functional classification.
Improvement of Low-quality Local Aggregates Using Coating Materials
Park Dae-Wook ; Kim Min-Gu ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 39~48
A laboratory investigation was conducted wherein smooth, rounded, siliceous river gravel aggregates were coated with fine-grained polyethylene, carpet co-product, or cement + styrene butadiene rubber latex and used to prepare hot mix asphalt concrete specimens. Only the coarse (+ No.4) aggregates were coated. The concept was that the coatings would enhance surface roughness of the aggregates and, thus, produce asphalt mixtures with superior engineering properties. Hot mix asphalt specimens were prepared and evaluated using several standard and non-standard test procedures. Based on experiences during the coating processes and analyses of these limited test results, the following was concluded: All three aggregate coating materials increased Hveem and Marshall stability, tensile strength, and resilient modulus(stiffness). These findings are indicative of improved resistance to rutting and cracking in hot mix asphalt pavements prepared using coated gravel aggregates in comparison to similar uncoated gravel aggregates.
Development of Long-Life Asphalt Pavements Method Using High Modulus Asphalt Mixes
Lee Jung-Hun ; Lee Hyun-Jong ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 49~61
This study suggests long-life asphalt pavement method which can save maintenance cost by increasing the design and performance period of pavements. The high modulus asphalt binder developed and then various physical tests are performed. Laboratory performance tests and accelerated pavement test are conducted for the high modulus and conventional mixtures. The test results show that dynamic modulus values of high modulus mixtures are higher than those of the conventional mixtures, The high modulus mixtures yield better fatigue, rutting and moisture damage performance than conventional mixtures. Structural analysis is performed and a database is built up for long life asphalt pavement design. Pavement response model is developed through a multiple regression analysis program, SPSS using the database. A design software for the long life pavements is developed based on the pavement response model and laboratory and field performance tests results. In addition, optimum pavement sections and materials are suggested. The suggested AC thickness of long life asphalt pavement is 29cm. A Life cycle cost analysis(LCCA) is conducted to check the economical efficiency of the long life pavement section. The LCCA result shows that initial construction costs of long life and conventional pavements are almost equal, but long life pavement is more profitable in terms of the LCCA.
Optimal Toll Estimate of a Toll Road Using Fuzzy Approximate Reasoning - Forced on the Geoga Bridge -
Ha Man-Box ; Kim Kyung-Whan ; Kim Yeong ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 63~76
For a private toll road project, deciding optimal toll is an important element of economic analysis for the project and a challengeable work. In this study, the optimal toll of a private toll bridge, Geoga Bridge which connects Geoje Island of Gyeongnam Province and Gaduk Island of Busan was estimated using Stated Preference (SP) data. The SP data were collected by interviewing the passenger car drivers travelling on the National Road 14. They are latent users of the bridge. A fuzzy approximate reasoning model to estimate the optimal toll was built using the SP data. For the input variable of the model, the saved travel time and toll level were employed and the diversion rate to the bridge was employed for the output variable. The diversion rates for each toll level and saved travel time were estimated and the toll level which had maximized the toll revenue was decided as optimal toll. The optimal toll was tested by comparing with the average pay rate of passenger car drivers. Since the optimal toll for passenger cars at one hour saving, the 6,250 won is about 50 % of the average pay rate of passenger car divers, the toll was evaluated not to be high. The technique employed in this study may be used for the estimation of the optimal tolls for other kinds of vehicles.
The Performance Analysis of Diamond Grinding for Existing Concrete Pavement
Jung Jong-Duck ; Ryu Sung-Woo ; Han Seung-Hwan ; Cho Yoon-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 77~88
The maintenance / repair of concrete pavements has become an issue as a result of increasing of concrete pavements' service year. Asphalt overlay is applied to the concrete pavements after partial repairs on all occasions. This thesis discusses the application standard, evenness, skid resistance, noise, economical efficiency, extension of life span, etc. of diamond grinding, a method of maintenance about concrete pavements. Based on this, it was applied to the field and measured the performance. It was measured the longitudinal evenness of before and after the construction through measurement equipment. and surveyed the skid resistance the each lane classified using the SN standard value. In case of noise, it is selected the kind of vehicle, velocity, then measured the noise between control and constructed site. In addition, it is evaluated the average texture depth. As a result of the analysis, longitudinal evenness is improved about
, skid resistance is improved 66% at first section,37% at second section. Noise is reduced 3.4dB average, and average texture depth is 79% deeper than control section. Therefore, it can be concluded that diamond grinding is suitable as maintenance / repair method of concrete pavements.
A Study on the Evaluation of Road Noise Characteristics Using the Tire/pavement Noise Measuring Trailer
Kim In-Tae ; Oh Seung-Hwan ; Han Seung-Hwan ; Cho Yoon-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 89~103
This study develops the tire/pavement noise measuring trailer that can minimize the effect of various environmental noise and evaluate road noise characteristics without regard to time and spots. As literature reviews, it is examined into road noise characteristics and case studies of various CPX Trailer, and made a development plan of device. Based on these, HEART CPX Trailer is developed and conduct experiments for verification of the semi-anechoic chamber suitability, precision and field application of device. In the result of the experiment for verification of semi-anechoic chamber suitability, we can make sure that it is suitable and reliable among frequency bands. In the test of repetition measurement, we can verify excellent measurement accuracy among speeds and microphone's locations. In case of field tests using HEART CPX Trailer, it is founded that the result is similar to CPB test result carried out by Chung-Ang university in 2003. It can be concluded caused that the effect of environmental noise in and around the road including mechanical noise of a tow car was excluded. This paper confirmed and suggested that HEART CPX Trailer is suitable for evaluation of real road noise characteristics.
Rubblization of Thick Concrete Pavement
Lee Seung-Woo ; Han Seung-Hwan ; Ko Suck-Bum ; Kim Ji-Won ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 105~114
A popular alternative to extend the life of aged pavement is asphalt overlay. However, it has a very serious and inherent shortcoming in deterring a reflection crack. Although joint-rehabilitation and stress-relief techniques have been applied to deter such reflection cracks in aged pavement, the techniques had a limited success only in slowing down the progress of a reflection crack. Rubblization technique rubblizes the concrete pavement slab in situ and uses the rubblized slab as the base material. Then, pavement overlay is applied to finish off the rehabilitation of aged pavement. This rubblization technique has the advantage of solving the problem of reflection cracking completely. When rubblization technique is applied, the upper layer of aged concrete pavement is rubblized between 40mm-70mm in depth. However, the lower layer is typically rubblized more than 100mm in depth. Nevertheless, it is difficult to turn the entire concrete pavement of more than 30cm in depth into rubblized aggregate of appropriate size. Thus, a simulation experiment was carried out to find the appropriate rubblized depth, which avoids the reflection cracking and still maintains the function of subbase, by varying the depth of rubblized depth in loom increments of 0cm, 10cm, and 20cm. The result indicated the optimum rubblized depth was 10cm (Lee, 2006). Additionally, a small rubblizinge equipment was developed in order to derive the rubblization technique appropriate for thick concrete pavement. This equipment was tested out on an experimental pavement, which was constructed with the same standard and specification for the road in actual use, by varying its rubblizing head shape and energy as well as the effective area of rubblization. This experiment led to a prototype equipment for rubblization of thick concrete pavement. The prototype was put into use on a highway, undergoing a test construction and monitoring afterwards. This entire process was necessary for the validation of the proposed rubblization technique.
Effect of Density on Water Content Reflectometer Measured Field Water Content in Pavement Subgrades
Park Seong-Wan ; Lee Chi-Hun ; Hwang Kyu-Young ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 115~127
The purpose of field monitoring system in KHC-Test Road is to provide the performance data for environmental loadings from pavement surface. Among them, water content reflectometer(WCR) are used for measuring the volumetric water content of pavement subgrades. However, WCRs are not well-calibrated based on the local field conditions. A need therefore exists for improving equations for predicting water content using the proper field and laboratory calibrations. Based on the study performed, calibrations based on various soil characteristics and density conditions are well fitted to the data from fields. So, it is recommended to use the suggested general calibration of WCR to the compacted subgrade soils in test road for predicting the volumetric water content.
An Analysis of Soil Pressure Gauge Result from KHC Test Road
In Byeong-Eock ; Kim Ji-Won ; Kim Kyong-Ha ; Lee Kwang-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 129~141
The vertical soil pressure developed in the granular layer of asphalt pavement system is influenced by various factors, including the wheel load magnitude, the loading speed, and asphalt pavement temperature. This research observed the distribution of vertical soil pressure in pavement supporting layer by investigating measured data from soil pressure gage in the KHC Test Road. The existing specification of subbase and subgrade compaction was also evaluated with measured vertical pressure. The finite element analysis was conducted to verify the accuracy of results with measured data because it can maximize research capacity without significant field test. The test data was collected from A5, A7, A14, and A15 test sections at August, September, and November 2004 and August 2005. Those test sections and test data were selected because they had best quality. The size of influence area was evaluated and the vertical pressure variation was investigated with respect to load level, load speed, and pavement temperature. The lower speed, higher load level, and higher pavement temperature increased the vertical pressure and reduced the area of influence. The finite element result showed the similar trend of vertical pressure variation in comparison with measured data. The specification of compaction quality for subbase and subgrade is higher than the level of vertical pressure measured with truck load so that it should be lurker investigated.
Relationship between Concrete Pavement Stresses under Multi-Axle Interior and Edge Loads
Kim Seong-Min ; Cho Byoung-Hooi ; Ryu Sung-Woo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 143~153
The differences in the stress distribution and the critical stresses in concrete pavement systems were analyzed when the dual-wheel single-, tandem-, and tridem-axle loads were applied at the interior and the edge of the pavement. The effects of the concrete elastic modulus, slab thickness, foundation stiffness, and tire contact pressure were investigated. The stresses under the interior loads were calculated using the transformed field domain analysis and stresses under the edge loads were obtained using the finite element method. The critical stresses under the interior and the edge loads were compared with respect to various parameters and the equations to predict the ratio between the stresses under the edge and the interior loads were developed and verified. From this study, it was found that the trends of the changes in the critical concrete stresses under the interior and the edge loads were very similar and the critical stress locations under those loads were identical. The critical stress ratio, which was obtained by dividing the critical stress under the edge loads into that under the interior loads, decreased with increasing the number of axles. That ratio became larger as the concrete elastic modulus increased, the slab thickness increased, the foundation stiffness decreased, and the tire contact pressure increased.
Feasibility Study on Calibration Method of Curling Behavior in Jointed Concrete Pavement Using Falling Weight Deflectometer
Yoo Tae-Seok ; Lee Jae-Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 155~162
Deflections of jointed concrete pavements at test road are monitored during 48 hours. And methods of calibration with respect to curling deflections are suggested. Relations between deflection ratio of center to joint at test time and deflection ratio of center at test time to center at reference time are described by regression. From deflections at test time, deflections transformed to reference time which gives minimum deflections in a day are estimated through regression curves and concluded to propose as a alternative method of curling calibration with more data accumulation.
Laboratory Evaluation of the Properties of Sulfur Modified Asphalt Mixtures
Yang Sung-Lin ; Kim Boo-Il ; Kim Nam-Ho ; Rhee Suk-Keun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 163~172
This study evaluated the laboratory properties of asphalt binder and mixture modified with SPC(Sulfur Polymer Cement), which consists of sulfur as a main ingredient that is an industrial by-product made from refining process of crude oil and carbon-black as an additive. Four levels of SPC modifier ratios(0, 10, 30, 50%) were evaluated in the laboratory. Superpave(Superior Performing Asphalt Pavements) system was used to determine the PG(Performance Grade) and evaluate the property of SPC modified binder at the different temperatures. IDT(Indirect Tensile Test) was performed to evaluate the resistance of fatigue and low-temperature cracking at
. Wheel-tracking test was also performed to evaluate the rutting-resistance of SPC modified asphalt mixtures. Test results showed that the more SPC modifier ratios, the better rutting-resistance and the more potential of low-temperature cracking resistance. However, SPC modifier did not show the effect on the fatigue cracking resistance.