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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Development of Three-dimensional Finite Element Models for Concrete Pavement of the KHC Test Road
Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Ji-Won ; Kwon, Soon-Min ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~15
The objective of this paper is the establishment of finite element analysis frame work for pavement research. Finite element analysis results simulating various loading experiments are verified with sensor measurements obtained from the KHC Test Road. The accuracy of the finite element analysis can be supported by these efforts so that it helps spread out the finite element analysis to pavement research and design processes. The finite element model used in this research is the full 3D nonlinear model including concrete slab, lean concrete base, subbase, shoulder, dowel, and tie-bar. In order to accomplish the accurate verification, the loading condition and the pavement temperature distribution are exactly simulated with field measured data. The curling behavior and the strain distribution are compared with measured responses from the loading tests with a truck and the FWD. Strain and curling predictions from the concrete slab are matched well with measured responses but the strain prediction from the lean concrete base is not matched with measured response. In addition, the magnitude of permanent curling is evaluated with the finite element analysis.
A Study on an ETCS Demand Forecasting Model of Toll Roads in Changwon City
Kim, Kyung-Whan ; Ha, Man-Bok ; Jeon, Yeon-Hoo ; Lee, Ik-Su ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 17~27
Since early 1990s, several developed countries have applied the Electronic Toll Collection System (ETCS) to toll roads in order to solve traffic congestion and delay problems at toll plazas. For the successful operation of the ETCS, it is important to correctly forecast the ETCS using rate. In this study, it was conceived to develop a sophisticated demand forecasting model of the ETCS for toll roads in Changwon City The Binary Logit and neural network models were tested for the model considering 11 explaining variables. The best results in prediction accuracy and goodness-of-fit were obtained on the neural network model. However, because of the difficulty in predicting the 11 variables and its fitness in wide range, the Binary Logit model which considers three policy variables only is recommended as the model to forecast the ETCS using rate.
The Study on the Correlation between Traffic Signal Location and Stop Line Observance
Jung, Kwang-Bok ; Kim, Jin-Tae ; Lee, Yong-Taek ; Lee, Don-Joo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 29~38
The Korea National Police Agency launched a campaign to encourage drivers in stop line observance and to discourage stop line violation by intensively imposing fines. It was to increase stop line observance of drivers and thus traffic safety. According to statistics, the stop line observance rate was increased over 80 % of drivers during the campaign but regressed to the past after the campaign. This paper delivers the effect of the location of traffic signal lights on driver's stop line observance and develops a guideline to improve highway traffic environment in long terms. Statistical tests conducted based on field data showed that the drivers' stop line observance increases when traffic signal lights are closely installed from a stop line. It was proposed from the study that traffic signal lights be installed
from a stop line.
Effect of Structural Geometry of Jointed Concrete Pavement on Backcalculation using AREA Method
Yoo, Tae-Seok ; Sim, Jong-Sung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 39~46
Different backcalculation results for the same material properties are caused by different structural geometry. In this paper, based on real simulation results for typical pavement systems using 3-dimensional FE models, modified AREA graphs are proposed to graphically backcalculate modulus of elasticity of slab and subgrade based on center deflection and AREA. In modified graph for single infinity slab models, deflection and AREA are increased in deeper depth to bedrock. But, effects of depth to bedrock more than 4.0 meters on backcalculation results are negligible. And, center deflection and AREA generated from multifinite slab models are larger than those of single infinity slab models with same depth to bedrock.
Effect of Stress State and Moisture Condition on the Resilient Behavior of Subgrade Soils in Test Roads
Park, Seong-Wan ; Lee, Chi-Hun ; Hwang, Kyu-Young ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 47~56
Resilient characteristics on unbound pavement materials have been adopted for design and nonlinear analysis of pavement structure under traffic loadings. However, relatively few studies have been done on the nonlinear resilient behavior of unbound materials in Korea. In addition to that, only the limited information is available for estimating the resilient modulus values on subgrade soils. In this study, a laboratory resilient-deformation test under repeated loadings is performed in order to establish the nonlinear characteristics of unbound subgrade soils in test roads. Then, a constitutive model that correlates the resilient modulus with moisture and stress state from field condition is proposed respectively. The results from all procedures are presented in this paper. Finally, a comparative analysis is conducted to identify the proper models in the stress dependent modulus and seasonal moisture condition of subgrade soils in test roads respectively.
The New Calculation Model of Film Thickness to Evaluat Asphalt Mixtures
Kim, Sung-Ho ; Kim, Boo-Il ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 57~67
Many researches have recently discussed about the film thickness as a good substitute or supplement for VMA or other volumetric criteria in the design procedure. Some researchers have not only proposed the specific number for the recommended film thickness, but also introduced the new calculation procedures or concepts. Each model (index model and the virtual model) has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of the ability to account for the volumetric properties of the mixture. In this paper, the modified virtual model was proposed to combine advantages from both models. However, it cannot be disregarded the way to determine the appropriate particle shape factors for different sources and sizes of aggregates. In order to evaluate the different calculation methods, mixtures with two aggregate sources and eight gradations were designed based on the dominant aggregate size range (DASR) porosity concept. Superpave indirect tensile test (IDT) and asphalt pavement analyzer (AEA) test were used to describe the performance of mixtures. Test results indicated that the virtual model, which is the same to the modified virtual model for sphere 1:1 case, is better than the conventional standard model to define the range of the film thickness to have better performance of asphalt mixtures.