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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study of Bicycle Crash Analysis at Urban Signalized Intersections
Oh, Ju-Taek ; Kim, Eung-Cheol ; Ji, Min-Kyung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 1~11
The rapid growths of economy and automobiles since the 1970's have caused serious traffic jams and environmental disruption in urban areas. To relieve these problems caused by urbanization, there should be considered alternative means of transportation modes. Many developed countries have accepted bicycles as a so called "Green Mode" for environmentally oriented strategies to increase the qualities of urban lives. Korea have also attempted various means to raise bicycle usages. In this research, significant factors affecting bicycle crashes at signalized intersections in urban areas were studied. The model results showed that Poisson regression is the best fit methodology for data modeling and revealed that traffic volume, a number of driveways, configuration of the ground, presence of bicycle path, school, and bus stop, residential area, size of intersection are significant factors affecting the bicycle crashes.
Evaluation of the Characteristics of Asphalt Release Agents
Kim, Boo-Il ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 13~25
Viscosity, adhesion and cohesion of asphalt binder are very important characteristics in asphalt pavement. However, these characteristics can cause some problems such as inaccurate amount of asphalt mixture, reduction of asphalt content and loss of workability during asphalt pavement construction. Asphalt release agent has been used to solve these problems. Diesel oil and vegetable oil are generally used as an asphalt release agent in Korea. However, these agents have been criticized from environmental and binder integrity reasons. Therefore, this study evaluated the characteristics of asphalt release agents including diesel oil, vegetable oil and two emulsion type oils. From the study, it was found that the diesel oil resolved the binder within ten minutes and vegetable oil stripped the binder from mixture within one hour after contacting with asphalt mixture. And also, from the test for estimating the application cycle of asphalt release agent, it appears that diesel oil and vegetable oil should be applied to construction equipments every time in their uses. However, diesel oil and vegetable oil showed a good performance as a lubricant for detaching the asphalt mixtures from the truck bed.
Optimum Slab-Lifting Positions for Precast Concrete Pavement Construction
Kim, Seong-Min ; Cho, Byoung-Hooi ; Han, Seung-Hwan ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 27~37
This research was conducted to determine the optimum lifting positions on precast concrete slabs for precast concrete pavement construction, based on the analysis of concrete stress distribution under various lifting conditions. To analyze stresses in concrete slabs, the finite element method was implemented and a numerical model of the precast slab that was going to be used in the experimental construction was developed. Changes in the stress distribution due to the lifting angle were investigated because slab lifting is not always performed in the perpendicular direction to the slab surface. In addition, the effect of the lifting level, the distance between the neutral axis of the slab and the lifting point, on the stress distribution was investigated since the lifting point is not always at the neutral axis of the slab. To consider the actual steel design of the precast slab, the effect of the reinforcement near the lifting point was also investigated. From this study, the optimum lifting positions of the precast slabs were determined according to the lifting angle and level, and the results were compared with the lifting positions used in the PCI standards.
Numerical Analysis of Crack Occurrence and Propagation in Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavements under Environmental Loading
Kim, Seong-Min ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 39~49
The objective of this study was to investigate features of transverse crack occurrence and propagation in continuously reinforced concrete pavement(CRCP) when subjected to environmental loading. The finite element model of CRCP was developed and the element removal method was implemented to predict the crack propagation process. To investigate the effect of the type of environmental loading on the CRCP behavior and cracking aspects, the following three different cases were considered: (1) the temperature gradient between top and bottom of the slab does not vary and the constant temperature drop throughout the depth occurs; (2) the temperature at the slab bottom does not vary and the temperature gradient increases; and (3) the temperature between the mid-depth and the bottom of the slab is the same and does not vary and the temperature at the top decreases. The analysis results showed that the crack occurrence and propagation through the depth of the slab in CRCP were significantly affected by the type of environmental loading. The changes in stress distribution and displacements during the crack occurrence and propagation process could also be investigated.
Performance Evaluation of the High Durability Asphalt Mixture for Bridge Deck Pavements
Park, Hee-Mun ; Choi, Ji-Young ; Lee, Hyun-Jong ; Hwang, Eui-Yoon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 51~62
Recently, the pavement distresses in the bridge deck have seriously affected the durability of bridge deck and driver's safety. The existing asphalt materials have the limitations in reducing the pavement distresses of brides deck. To protect the bridge deck and withstand the high deflection, it is necessary to develop the asphalt materials with good fatigue resistance for bridge deck pavement. The asphalt binder combined with SBS and two other admixtures has been developed for improving the resistance to fatigue cracking, productivity, and workability for bridge deck pavement. Based on the various binder test results, the developed binder is found to be PG 70-34 indicating very higher resistance against fatigue cracking. Fatigue testing, wheel tracking testing, and moisture susceptibility testing have been conducted to evaluate the performance of asphalt mixtures developed in this study. Laboratory test results show that the developed asphalt material has three times higher fatigue lives than the typical modified asphalt mixture. Full scale accelerated testing was also performed on the typical asphalt mixture and newly developed asphalt mixture to evaluate the full scale performance of asphalt mixtures. Test results indicate that the length of cracking on the new materials is only 38% of the typical material at the 250,000 load repetitions.
Behavior of Overlaid Concrete Pavements under Multi-Axle Vehicle Loads Obtained Using Transformed Field Domain Analysis
An, Zu-Og ; Kim, Seong-Min ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 63~76
The transformed field domain analysis method was developed in this study to investigate the aspects of the stress distribution in overlaid concrete pavement systems under multi-axle vehicle loads. The overlay was assumed to be perfectly bonded or perfectly unbonded to the existing concrete pavement. The loads considered included the dual tired single-axle, tandem-axle, and tridem-axle loads, and the effects of the overlay's thickness, elastic modulus, and Poisson's ratio on the stress distribution were investigated. Details of the analysis method in the transformed field domain to analyze the overlaid pavement was described in this paper and the analysis results were verified by comparing with those obtained using the finite element method. From the analysis, it was found that the maximum tensile stress in the existing slab decreased as the overlay's thickness, elastic modulus, and Poisson's ratio increased, and the bonded overlay showed more significant effects than the unbonded one. The overlay's Poisson's ratio did not much affect the stresses, and the features of the maximum stress reduction in the existing slab due to the increase of the thickness, elastic modulus, and Poisson's ratio of the overlay were investigated. The effects of the number of axles on the stress distribution and the maximum stress were also investigated.
A Safety Evaluation of Shoulder Rumble Strips on Freeway Using C-G Method
Lee, Dong-Min ; Kang, Jae-Hong ; Sung, Nak-Moon ; Chung, Bong-Jo ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 77~87
Traffic accidents on freeway are occurred by various factors, and driver inattention is one of the most important factors causing traffic accidents. To warn drivers about unexpected dangerous events and diminish driver inattention problems, traffic safety facilities including warning and regulatory traffic signs; delineators; rumble strips are installed. In this study, the traffic safety effect of shoulder rumble sips were investigated using "Comparison Croup (C-G)" method developed by Hauer. Through the analyses, it was found that numbers of run-off-the road crashes were reduced as 2.43 crashes per year after the installation of shoulder rumble strips on the freeway. Based on the analysis results in this study, it was concluded that shoulder rumble strips on the freeway contribute to reduce traffic accidents, especially run-off-the road crashes.
Evaluation of Effects on Impact Resonance Test for Determining Modulus of Asphalt Concrete
Kweon, Gi-Chul ; Lee, Jae-Hoan ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 89~99
The stiffness of the asphalt concrete is represented by the complex modulus
, which is very important properties in the mechanistic design of flexible pavement system. The moduli of asphalt concrete were generally determined by dynamic modulus test. However, the dynamic modulus testing method is too complex, expensive, and time consuming to be applicable on a production basis. The IR(Impact Resonance) method has been shown to be a truly simple nondestructive testing method which produces very repetitive, consistent results. The major object of this study was to estimate of the effects on IR tests for determining modulus of asphalt concrete including impact position, specimen support condition, impact steel ball size and sampling rate. The variations of IR test results with various testing conditions are within
Analysis of Dowel Bar Placement Accuracy with Construction Methods
Lee, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Hyung-Bae ; Kwon, Soon-Min ; Kwon, Ou-Sun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 101~114
Dowel bars in the jointed concrete pavement are used to both provide load transfer across pavements joints and prevent the joint faulting leading to longer service life. On the contrary, the misplacement of dowel bar can provide negative results including the joint freezing(locking) that may cause the joint spatting and unexpected mid-slab cracking. The dowel bar can be placed using the assembly or dowel bar inserter (DBI) during the concrete pavement construction. In the domestic practice of the concrete pavement construction, the dowel bar is placed using the assembly method. This study primarily focuses on the comparison of these two dowel placement methods using the field data from the KHC test road in which both dowel placement methods have been applied to a certain length of the concrete pavement. The field data regarding the alignment of the dowel bars placed by both methods was collected using MIT-SCAN2, a nondestructive measuring equipment, and processed to compute Joint Score and Running Ave. Joint Score which are used as indicators of the dowel bar performance. The comparison of the methods for the dowel bar placement using these indicators shows that the DBI method provided much better alignment of the dowel bars reducing the risk of joint freezing than the assembly method. In order to improve the quality of the dowel bar placement using the assembly method, the current weak points of the assembly method including the fabrication, storage, and installation of dowel bar assembly were investigated and the solution was suggested. The improved dowel bar sets based on the suggested solution have been applied to an actual practice of the concrete pavement construction. The field data shows that the improved assembly method suggested in this study can highly reduce the risk of joint freezing.
A Strategy for Developing New Road Projects
Kim, Eung-Cheol ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 115~127
Developed countries, especially in road construction and management fields, introduce new road porjects such as National Scenic Byways Program(NSBP program) in USA and the Eco-road project in Japan. This study develops a conceptual model for deploying new road projects in Korea. The four step approach is suggested to create new road projects, including foundation of an act based on the existing Road Act, creation of new road project ideas, development of evaluation process and guidelines, and enhancement of an administrative scheme. To create new road projects, three different ways are devised; (1) designation of national roads having uniqueness in overall spectrum, (2) designation of roads having intrinsic values in a different aspect, (3) designation of single structures of engineering outcomes such as bridges, tunnels, new design techniques, considerable Value Engineering output, and well analyzed Life Cycle Cost Analysis practices. For the evaluation process, NSBP program of USA and/or Sustainable City Award program of Korea would be recommended. An administrative scheme and integrated funding process for the new road projects are also suggested based on evaluation of tasks of each team or division of Korea Ministry of Construction and Transportation.
Development of a Drainage System to Mitigate Moisture Damage for Bridge Deck Pavements
Lee, Hyun-Jong ; Kim, Hyung-Bae ; Seo, Jae-Woon ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 129~140
A major purpose of this study is to develop a drainage system that can quickly drain water penetrated into pavement layers to mitigate pot holes which is one of the major distress types in bridge deck pavements. This system can be established by applying a thin drainage layer between waterproof and pavement layers. The most important elements for this system are the performance of waterproof layer and construction technique for the thin drainage layer. The porous asphalt mix with the maximum aggregate size of 10mm is first developed based on the porous asphalt mix design guide proposed by NCAT, and various physical and mechanical tests are performed to confirm that the porous mix satisfies all the specification requirements. In addition, a series of laboratory tests including low-temperature bending and bonding strength tests for the MMA(Methyl Methacrylate) type of waterproofing material. It is observed from the tests that the MMA material satisfies all the specification requirements. To evaluate the Reld performance of the drainage system, a field study has been conducted on a relatively small size bridge. The QC/QA tests are conducted on the both waterproofing and pavement materials. It has been found that the drainage system works well to drain the water penetrated into the pavement layers.
Preliminary Investigation of Pavement Adjustment Concepts for Slab Thickness Deficiency in Portland Cement Concrete Pavement
Kim, Seong-Min ; Rhee, Suk-Keun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2007, Pages 141~151
The current standards and specifications for the road pavement construction have been developed based on materials and construction methods. The pavements constructed in accordance with those specifications do not guarantee high performance of pavements since they do not consider long-term performance of pavements. Therefore, as part of the study to develop performance-based construction standards for pavements, the payment adjustment methods based on the pavement performance are currently being developed. This paper presents preliminary studies performed to develop the payment adjustment methods when there is deficiency in the concrete slab thickness that is one oi the most important factors for the pavement design and construction. First, the payment adjustment methods in USA were investigated. Then, the AASHTO failure equation, the relationship between slab thickness and stress, and the relationship between stress level and pavement life were employed to propose the payment adjustment concepts based on the pavement performance for the deficient slab thickness. The variation in the slab thickness according to measurement locations was investigated by taking cores. In addition, the measurement methods of slab thickness and the variation of measured thicknesses depending on performers were analyzed, and finally the methodology to develop the thickness deficiency ranges for the use in the payment adjustment methods was proposed.