Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Highway Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Road Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Time series property of the 30th Design Hourly Factors in National Highways
Oh, Ju-Sam ; Im, Sung-Man ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 1~9
To decide the number of road lane is very important and related to the 30th design hourly factor in the design of transportation facilities. But, as the quantitative division of road types is difficult, most planner and designer for deciding the 30th design hourly factors have used the fixed values in our country. In this study, we have analyzed the time series property of the design hourly factors in national highways and developed the model capable of estimating the 30th design hourly factors using real data. The presented model is a simple regression model(DHV = K*AADT), which is applied to the division of road lanes(2 or 4 lanes) and the level of AADT(3 levels). As a results, the simple regression model have better performance than the existing method with respect to MAPE and
. Also, the variations of the 30th design hourly factors are small. The more traffic volume increase, the more the factors decrease. But, the limitation of this study is to use the exiting method estimating the values of the factors, it is subject to study hereafter.
Development of Fatigue Model for Asphalt Black Base by Accelerated Pavement Testing
Yeo, In-Soo ; Suh, Young-Chan ; Mun, Sung-Ho ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 11~20
This thesis develops a fatigue model for the asphalt black base using the APT(Accelerated Pavement Testing) and analyzes the correlation of the APT analysis result with results of previous laboratory tests. For the APT testing, aggregate of the maximum grain size of 25mm(BB-3) was used as the material for the asphalt black base. The result of the APT revealed that the variable of the fatigue model, i.e. the maximum tensile stress on the bottom part of the pavement, increased as the number of loading increased while the modulus of elasticity for the pavement layer decreased gradually. The tensile strain was obtained from a strain gauge, and it was used to derive the values of
from the basic equation of the asphalt fatigue model,
. The fatigue life predicted from the asphalt fatigue model was greater than that obtained from laboratory experiments, given the same tensile strain. Additionally, a theory to estimate the remaining life of the pavement was developed using FWD, a non-destructive experiment.
A Delay and Sensitivity of Delay Analysis for Varying Start of Green Time at Signalized Intersections: Focused on through traffic
Ahn, Woo-Young ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 21~32
The linear traffic model(Vertical queueing model) that is adopted widely in traffic flow estimation assumes that all vehicles have the identical motion before joining a queue at the stop-line. Thus, a queue is supposed to form vertically not horizontally. Due to the simplicity of this model, the departure time of the leading vehicle is assumed to coincide with the start of effective green time. Thus, the delay estimates given by the Vertical queueing model is not always realistic. This paper explores a microscopic traffic model(a Kinematic Car-following model at Signalised intersections: a KCS traffic model) based on the one dimensional Kinematic equations in physics. A comparative evaluation in delay and sensitivity of delay difference between the KCS traffic model and the previously known Vertical queueing model is presented. The results show that the delay estimate in the Vertical queueing model is always greater than or equal to the KCS traffic model; however, the sensitivity of delay in the KCS traffic model is greater than the Vertical queueing model.
Effectiveness Analysis for Traffic and Pedestrian Volumes of Pedestrian Pushbutton Signal
Cho, Han-Seon ; Park, Ji-Hyung ; Noh, Jung-Hyun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 33~43
Because usually signal controllers on the crosswalks of mid-block provide pedestrian signals every cycle based on the fixed signal plan, pedestrian signals are provided even when there is no pedestrian demand. Consequently, signal is operated inefficiently and this may cause drivels to experience useless delay or violate the signal. Even though recently pushbuttons have been installed to improve the efficiency of pedestrian signal control in the crosswalks of mid-block and the pedestrian safety. they are not spread out national-wide in Korea because of the cost of the pushbutton equipments and the lack of an acknowledgement of the efficiency of the pushbutton. In this study, the effectiveness of the pushbutton on saving the vehicle delay was verified through before and after study in 4 study sites using a traffic micro-simulation model, VISSIM. To evaluate the viability of the pushbutton, a benefit/cost analysis was also performed for 4 study sites. It was found that B/C ratio of all of 4 study sites was greater than 1. The sensitivity analysis for the traffic volume and pedestrian volume were performed to identify the impact of the both volume on the operation of pushbutton. And, a benefit/cost analysis was performed for all scenarios. It was found that when the pedestrian volume is greater than 90ped/h, the pedestrian signal was operated same as the fixed signal plan. That is, there is no benefit of pushbutton at all once the pedestrian volume is greater than 90ped/h. When the pedestrian volume is equal to or less than 90ped/h and the traffic volume is greater than 2,500veh/h, B/C ratio is greater than 1. Also it was found that as traffic volume increases and pedestrian volume decreases, the benefit increases. In this study, the criteria for installation of pushbutton on the crosswalks of mid-block are developed through the sensitivity analysis and benefit/cost analysis. The results of this study may be used as a criteria for expansion of pushbutton system.
Study of Artificial Aging Procedure for Asphalt Mixtures
Jung, Jae-Hun ; Cho, Byoung-J. ; Park, Nam-W. ; Kim, Kwang-W. ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 45~54
This study was carried out for developing artificial short-term aging(SA) and long-term aging(LA) methods of asphalt mixtures in which the aging level is properly matched with those of RTFO and PAV aged binders, respectively. The specimens were made of the short-term aged loose asphalt mixture which was kept in a convection oven at
for 2 hours and were aged at
for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours for SA. Large molecular size(LMS) were measured using GPC after SA and LA to evaluate aging extents of each mixture with aging time. It is shown that the LMS was increased with aging time increment and that from the LMS(%) change ratio, it was possible to suggest an appropriate artificial aging time which is corresponding level of aging with RTFO and PAV. It was found that SA was somewhat strong and LA for 48 hours at
would be appropriate if sort-term aging is properly controlled.
Deformational Characteristics of Compacted Subgrade Soils in Korea with Specimen Construction Methods
Kweon, Gi-Chul ; Hwang, Chang-Il ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 55~63
Deformational characteristics of subgrade soils are important properties in the mechanistic analysis and design of pavement system. In this study, to evaluate the effect of specimen construction methods on deformational characteristics of subgrade soils in Korea, resonant column tests were performed for specimens constructed by various methods. Specimen construction method affected to the modulus value but the variation in the normalized modulus reduction curve was almost identical. The effects of specimen construction method on modulus are decreased with increasing confining pressure. The average maximum variation in the modulus value with different specimen construction methods was estimated as 16.8%. The differences in the modulus value of the specimens with same water content and dry density conditions that made by gyratory compaction and impact compaction were very small within 5.2%. The impact compaction method was proposed as a specimen construction method for determining the design input parameter testing considering that impact compaction method is much simpler and require less expensive specimen construction equipment and setup than gyratory compaction method.
Probable Effect of Rumble Strips on Reduction of Traffic Accidents
Oh, Heung-Un ; Chang, Jung-Hwa ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 65~74
There have been research and studies on rumble strip effectiveness in terms of accident reduction since rumble strips were first installed in 1950's. Research has shown that rumble strips reduce accidents from drowsy and inattentive driving. The present research statistically analyze the accident reduction effect of rumble strips based on accident reports obtained from rumble strip installed 377 places of nation wide freeway lines. Based on the results, rumble strips are effective in reducing accident frequencies 32.3%. The probable various factors inducing accidents are identified. These include drowsiness, speeding, inattentiveness, vehicle defectiveness, and short headways. It was found that rumble strips are effective in reducing A, B, C leveled accidents, and in reducing clear, cloudy, and rainy weather accidents. The results may make clear and expand probable types of accidents that rumble strips would reduce, then reduce the total accidents on freeway lines.
Investigation of Impacts of Truck Lane Restrictions on Multilane Highways Using Micro Traffic Simulation
Yang, Choong-Heon ; Son, Young-Tae ; Kwon, Yong-Suk ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 75~82
This study was performed to investigate impacts of truck lane restrictions on multilane highways on traffic flow variables such as average speed, the frequency of lane changes, and change in traffic volume and also to verify whether or not different lane restriction scenarios were proper. Two types of hypothetical highway networks and OD demands were developed for traffic simulation models in order to conduct the experimental study. Three types of scenarios were also developed according to the number of restricted lanes for trucks. The PARAMICS microscopic traffic simulation software package was used as the primary analytical tool. Statistical analysis was conducted with simulation outputs. Results showed that truck lane restrictions may lead to positive impacts on traffic flow on multilane highways. In addition, this study demonstrated that the number of restricted lanes can be very an important factor to lead successful implementation of truck lane restrictions.
A Study of Opposing Left-Turn Conflict Severity at Signalized Intersections
Kim, Eung-Cheol ; Park, Jee-Hyung ; Oh, Ju-Taek ; Rho, Jeong-Hyun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 83~92
In 2004, the number of traffic crashes and deaths in Korea are 220,755 and 6,563, respectively. Korea Road Traffic Safety Authority reported that the number of traffic accidents occupies over 25% out of total accidents, and found that traffic crash probability is extremely high at intersections since intersections have various traffic conflict points. A Safety study using Traffic Conflict Technique is much more useful than a study using reported traffic accident data. Existing traffic conflict research hardly considered conflict severity occurring at intersections. So, the study developed new criteria considering conflict severity. Analytic methods precisely detecting crashing points using field surveying data, and applied an application of our new criteria. Opposing left-turn conflict criteria was devided by three groups(high severe conflict, middle severe conflict, and less severe conflict) based on conflict boundary by means of a standard vehicle length. After analyzing field surveying data(3hours), we found totally 41 opposing left-turn conflicts. 3 cases are high severe conflict, and another 10 cases are middle severe conflicts, and the other cases are less severe. Studies related in conflict severity are considerably important to evaluate intersection's detailed safety index, and existing studies(purely conflict counting does not consider severity) have a limitation to clearly determine the level of safety of intersections for an application.
A Study on the Mechanical Properties of Steel Fiber Reinforced Porous Concrete for Pavement Using Slag Aggregate and Fly Ash
Park, Seung-Bum ; Lee, Jun ; Jang, Young-Il ; Lee, Byung-Jae ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 93~104
This study evaluates the mechanical properties of steel fiber reinforced porous concrete for pavement according to content of slag aggregate and fly ash to elicit the presentation of data and the way to enhance its function for the practical field application of porous concrete as a material of pavement. As a result, void ratio and permeability coefficient of porous concrete for pavement increased a little as mixing rate of slag aggregates increased. Void ratio and permeability coefficient increased a lot as mixing rate of fly ash decreased. As fly ash was mixed, national regulation of permeable concrete for pavement(8% and 0.1 cm/sec) was met. Compressive strength and flexural strength decreased as mixing rate of slag aggregates increased, but they increased a lot as mixing rate of fly ash increased. Even when slag aggregates were mixed 50% with 5% fly ash mixed, national regulation of pavement concrete(18MPa and 4.5MPa) was met. In addition, compared to non-mixture, flexural strength increased about 22.8% when 0.75vol.% of steel fiber was added. Regarding sliding resistance, BPN increased as mixing rate of slag aggregates increased. But BPN decreased as fly ash was mixed. Compared to crushed stone aggregates, abrasion resistance and fleers-thaw resistance decreased as mixing rate of slag aggregates increased. When fly ash was mixed, abrasion resistance and freeze-thaw resistance improved remarkably. Compared to non-mixture, 10% mixture of fly ash improved abrasion resistance and freeze-thaw resistance about 5.6% and 14.3 respectively.
An Analysis of Effectiveness and Development of Warrant to Transform Y-Type Intersection into Roundabout
Shim, Kywan-Bho ; Lim, Pyong-Nam ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 105~116
A ROUNDABOUT is more effective way to improve safety and prevent delays than signal intersection. ROUNDABOUT has been known highly safe treatment that could be used as a method to reduce conflicts between vehicles, to reduce travel speed in inner or approach of intersection, and to have no speed difference between drivers than intersection. In this study, the effective analysis on the installation of ROUNDABOUT was carried out using computer-based simulation tool VISSIM, in order to evaluate performance and safety of ROUNDABOUT and develope a warrant. In conclusion, the results indicated that there was remarkable increase of Y-intersection capacity and decrese of delay, and improvement of traffic safety. Finally, A nice feature of this study is to firstly attempt to use microscopic simulator to evaluate the effectiveness of ROUNDABOUT and suggest a passible operation boundary.
A Study on the adequate Aggregate Selection of the Exposed Aggregate PCC Pavements
Kim, Young-Kyu ; Chae, Sung-Wook ; Lee, Seung-Woo ; Yoo, Tae-Seok ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 117~127
The exposed aggregate PCC(EAP) pavements have been successfully used in Europe and Japan as low-noise pavements. Coarse aggregate are exposed on the pavement surface texture of EAP by removing mortar of surface. The pavement surface texture should maintain not only low-noise characteristic but also adequate skid resistance level during the performance period. Skid resistance decreased with wearing and polishing of tire and pavement surface due to the repetition of tire-pavement contact. Since the tires mainly contact the exposed coarse aggregate, the shape and rock type of coarse aggregate significantly influence wearing and polishing of EAP pavements. The test for resistance to abrasion coarse aggregate by use of the Los Angeles machine(KS F 2508) and the method of test for resistance to abrasion coarse aggregate by use of the Accelerated Polishing Machine(ASTM D 3319-90) are generally used to evaluate polishing characteristics of aggregate. In this study, polishing of coarse aggregate of different five rock types were evaluated by KS F 2508(LA abrasion test) and ASTM D 3319-90(PSV method). The results of LA abrasion test and PSV method were contrary to each other. Since LA abrasion test is estimated the quantity of abrasion by the impact of aggregate, it may not be adequate to evaluate the polishing of aggregate by the repetition of tire. In the case of PSV method, the resistance of polishing is estimated the skid resistance variation of polished aggregate after repetition of tire. The PSV method is adequate for the evaluation on polishing of coarse aggregate. From the test results of PSV method, it was founded that rock type, specific gravity, coarse aggregate angularity, flat or elongated particles in coarse aggregate are significant to the resistance characteristic of coarse aggregate.
Developing the travel cost function based on Microscopic Simulator(VISSIM) Data
Cho, Hyun-Woo ; Lee, Yong-Taeck ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 129~134
In general, based on traffic data in a ideal traffic condition, BPR cost function is used to a variety of transportation policies. However, Some researchers have reported that BRP cost function is not appropriate for analyzing traffic pattern as well as forecasting future demand.(Spiess, 1989 ; Singh, 1999) Therefore, in this paper to solve this problem, a methodology based on data through Micro traffic Simulator Based(MSB) is developed. As a result following outputs are obtained ; (1) presenting a methodology to develop a travel cost function through VISSIM in order to assess transportation policies and (2) developing BRP cost function and MSB cost function from data analysis through VISSIM and verifying availability of MSB function by comparative analysis.
Evaluation of the Effect of Aggregate Structure on Rutting Performance of Asphalt Pavement
Kim, Boo-Il ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 135~147
Segregation in asphalt pavements occurs as a result of the non-uniform distribution of coarse and fine aggregates and causes premature distresses, such as cracking, raveling, and stripping. The effect of segregation on rutting, however, has not been clearly identified. Experimental and analytical work performed in this study indicates that rutting performance is affected by segregation of mixtures. However, the aggregate structure of mixtures appears to be a more critical factor that determines the rutting performance, rather than the level of segregation. Based on the field mixtures evaluated, an increase of coarse aggregate volume in an asphalt mixture is an important factor that results in good rutting performance. This effect holds true for mixtures with lower levels of air voids, but for mixtures with higher levels of air voids, the air voids effect becomes dominant, resulting in a reduction in rutting performance. An air void content of 10% appears to be a threshold that determines the rutting performance of Superpave mixtures. Once the air void content exceeds 10%, the rutting performance of Superpave mixtures decreases significantly, despite the coarse aggregate volume.
Evaluation of Stripping and Rutting Properties of CRM Modified Asphalt Mixtures
Doh, Young-S. ; Park, Tae-W. ; Kim, Hyun-H. ; Kim, Kwang-W. ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 149~158
Evaluation of the asphalt mixture modified with crumb rubber modifier(CRM) was performed to estimate possibility of using it as a paying material. OACs(optimum asphalt content) of CRM modified asphalt mixtures by dry process and wet process were determined by Marshall mix design and Wheel tracking test and moisture susceptibility test by freezing and thawing were carried out with CRM modified asphalt mixtures at OACs. The results from these tests, resistance of permanent deformation of CRM modified asphalt mixtures were superior to one of AP-5 while showing very low resistance of moisture sensitivity by freezing and thawing. This means that CRM modified asphalt mixtures are very sensitive to freezing and thawing. However, CRM modified asphalt mixture with anti-stripping material showed high improvement to resistance of moisture susceptibility by freezing and thawing. Therefore, it is recommended that when CRM mixtures were used in domestic, CRM modified asphalt mixtures should be with prevention against freezing and thawing resistance by moisture susceptibility.
Development of Pavement Management System for Highway Maintenance
Lee, Young-Wook ; Do, Myung-Sik ; Lee, Jong-Dal ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 159~169
In this paper, a PMS(Pavement Management System) is presented for the public agency who wish to execute rational repair by referring to asset management information regarding road pavement. The aim of the paper is to provide the decision makers with the planning information regarding maintenance strategies for efficient road pavement management. We found that life cycle cost can be minimized and repair cost in each year fluctuates when repeating repair at the IRI management level. The validity of PMS application presented in this paper is investigated through case studies for conducted for 22 national highway road sections in Korea.
Development of Rural Road Pavement Technology Using Cement Stabilizer
Oh, Young-In ; Kong, Gil-Yong ; Kim, Seung-Wook ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 171~184
Chemical admixture stabilization has been extensively used in both shallow and deep stabilization in order to improve inherent properties of the soil such as strength and deformation behavior. An increment in strength, a reduction in compressibility, an improvement of the swelling or squeezing characteristics and increasing the durability of soil are the main aims of the admixtures for soil stabilization. Recently, the various advanced cement stabilizer mixing technique was developed. Advanced cement stabilizer mixing technique is environmentally-friendly and has an excellent mixing property and outstanding mixing speed. In this study, to develop the rural road pavement technology using cement stabilizer, compaction and unconfined compression test were performed with various mixing ratio and two types of soil(clay and silty soil). And the freezing/thaw test and bending strength test performed to develop suitable cement stabilizer material for stabilization of rural road. Based on the test results, the liquid types of cement stabilizer material and silty soil mixture are most suitable for rural road construction and although the mixing ratio is low, cement stabilizer mixture is effective for durability of rural road surface layer.
Characteristics of Non-point Pollutant from Highway Toll Gate Landuse
Lee, Eun-Ju ; Son, Hyun-Geun ; Kang, Hee-Man ; Kim, Lee-Hyung ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 185~192
Newly constructed road is a requisite to be able to carry out BMPs (Best Management Practices) under TMDL(Total Maximum Daily Load) program of the Ministry of Environment. BMPs require pollutant source control during road construction and wash off reduction plan as well as maintenance practices subsequent to construction on the purpose of discharging the minimum wash off non-point source pollutants. The objective of this study is to provide supportive discharged data in evaluating the discharged non-point pollutant load from a highway toll gate area. It can be applied to manage non-point source pollutants on roads. The results validate the first flush phenomenon that it is known to be one of the wash off characteristics in paved area. In addition, the load per unit area and load per unit rainfall duration applying EMC are calculated. The mean load per unit rainfall duration is assessed to be
for TN, and
for TP. These results show the unitload taken from monitoring are higher than the unit load suggested in the TMDL. It is important to adopt real pollutant unit for road to be able to perform BMP successfully.
Suggestion for Determination of Minimum
for Rut-Resistable Asphalt Concretes
Kim, Kwang-W. ; Cho, Byung-J. ; Lee, Soon-Jae ; Doh, Young-S. ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 193~204
) is a property which shows relatively good correlation with rut resistance of asphalt mixtures at high temperature. The Asphalt Pavement Analyzer (APA) is widely used as an equipment for estimating rut resistance of asphalt mixtures. The APA was used as corresponding property of the
to estimate rutting resistance of asphalt mixtures. Many data were collected to establish the correlation of
with APA. For
test, the specimen is submerged into the
water for 30 minutes before applying a vertical load at the speed of 50mm/min to obtain peak load (P) and deformation (y) for
calculation. For the same materials, APA test was performed. Relation of the
with APA rut depth was evaluated using regression analysis. The
value was 0.76, indicating this simple test procedure being a possible method for predicting deformation resistance of asphalt concretes at high temperature. It was also shown that, using the regression model, minimum value(s) of
of surface course asphalt mixture or binder course for a particular road level can be determined. The limit values may be possible to use as cut-off value(s) of asphalt mixtures for the layer after further elaborated studies.
Strength and Modulus Relationship of Concrete for Rigid Pavement
Yang, Sung-Chul ; Park, Jong-Won ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 205~213
Strength relationships are presented through experimental data from the concrete strength tests in this study. Various strength tests such as the compressive, flexural, and splitting tensile strength and the modulus of elasticity are included. An experimental work was performed to determine the various strength characteristics for various mix designs. Three different coarse aggregates such as granite, limestone, sandstone were used and included were fine aggregates such as natural sand, washed sand and crushed sand. Also included was cement amount as experimental variable. It was confirmed that each strength value with respect to curing time is to follow a typical strength development curve. With this somewhat reliable test results various strength relationships such as flexural strength-compressive strength, splitting tensile strength-compressive strength, modulus of elasticity-compressive strength, splitting tensile strength-flexural strength were analyzed through statistics. Experimental data were well fitted to the 0.5-power relationship of flexural strength and compressive strength which has been commonly accepted. The splitting tensile strength is expected to be best in the linear relationship from the flexural strength data. Finally splitting tensile strength was found to be proportional to the 0.87 power of the cylindrical compressive strength.
Data Processing and Numerical Procedures Influencing on Occupant Risk Indices
Kim, Kee-Dong ; Ko, Man-Gi ; Nam, Min-Kyun ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 215~226
To verify the performance of roadside barriers, occupant risk indices are calculated from acceleration and angular velocity data of vehicle crash tests. The occupant risk indices to be computed include THIV(Theoretical Head Impact Velocity), PHD(Post-impact Head Deceleration), ASI(Acceleration Severity Index), OIV(Occupant Impact Velocity) and ORA(Occupant Ridedown Acceleration). There is a confusion due to different values of occupant risk indices produced for the same test data because various computational procedures and data processing methods can be applied to compute them. To slove this problem the effects of various numerical procedures and data processing methods on occupant risk indices were investigated. If the sampling rate specified in the guidelines is used for full-scale vehicle crash tests, an interpolation of impact time and numerical integration methods do not result in an appreciable change of THIV and OIV. The way to determine 10msec moving average for PHD and zero offset of data processing should be specified in the guidelines because 10msec moving average and zero offset methods have a significant influence on occupant risk indices.
A Study for Selecting the Design Number of Gyration of Gyratory Compactor
Kim, Boo-Il ; Lee, Moon-Sup ;
International Journal of Highway Engineering, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 227~236
The design number of gyration is required in the process of asphalt mix design using gyratory compactor. The purpose of this study is to select the design number of gyration for asphalt mix design in the laboratory. Three types of methods were used to select the design number of gyration. The first method is to select the gyration number which gives the same density with the mixtures compacted with 75 blows of Marshall Compaction. The second method is to select the gyration number which gives the same deformation strength with the mixtures compacted with 75 blows of Marshall Compactor. The third method is to select the gyration number which meet the 4% air voids. Ten mixtures, one type of aggregate(granite), one type of asphalt binder(pen. 60-80), and 10 types of gradation, were prepared for the laboratory tests. As a result, 100 number of gyration was selected for the design number of gyration of the asphalt mix design. This result shows a similar trend with the design number of gyration used in the foreign countries. Thus, the design number of gyration selected in this study can be used for the asphalt mix design using the gyratory compactors.