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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Biotechnology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Seaweed Biotechnology and Biologically Active Substances
Hong, Yong-Ki ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 59~62
Seaweed biotechnology is a multidisciplinary subject to produce food, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and environmental remediation materials from seaweed resources. It uses various techniques of cell culture, enzyme reaction and genetic manipulation to increase the production efficiency of useful seaweeds or their products. Firstly, an overview of key topics will be introduced in the fields of seaweed tissue culture, strain improvement, genetic analysis briefly as basic techniques. Secondly, some biologically active substances such as anti-inflammatory and antifouling substances that have been screened in my laboratory will be focused.
Induction of Apoptosis by Pectenotoxin-2 Isolated from Marine Sponges in U937 Human Leukemic Cells
Shin, Dong Yeok ; Kang, Ho Sung ; Bae, Song-Ja ; Jung, Jee H. ; Choi, Yung Hyun ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 63~70
Natural product compounds are the source of numerous therapeutic agents. The marine environment produces natural products from a variety of structural classes exhibiting activity against numerous disease targets including anticancer agents. Among these, pectenotoxin-2 (PTX-2), which was first identified as a cytotoxic entity in marine sponges, which depolymerizes actin filaments, was found to be highly effective and more potent to activate an intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in p53-deficient tumor cells compared to those with functional p53 both in vitro and in vivo. However, the anti-proliferative mechanism of the compound at non-cytotoxic concentrations has not yet been explored. In the current study, we sought to investigate anti-proliferation and apoptosis of PTX-2 against U937 human leukemic cells and its underlying molecular mechanism. Exposure of U937 cells to PTX-2 resulted in growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in dose- and time-dependent manner as measured by MTT assay, fluorescent microscopy and flow cytometric analysis. The anti-proliferative effect of PTX-2 was associated with a marked increase in the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase p21 (WAF1/CIP1) mRNA which was tumor suppressor p53-independent. The increase in apoptosis was connected with a time-dependent down-regulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-XL and inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) family such as XIAP and cIAP-2. Though additional studies are needed, these findings suggested that PTX-2-induced inhibition of U937 cells was associated with the induction of apoptotic cell death and the results provided important new insights into the possible molecular mechanisms of the anti-cancer activity of PTX-2.
Effect of Asterina pectinifera on Activities of Cytochrome P450 1A1 and Ornithine Decarboxylase
Nam, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Mee-Kyung ; Cho, Hyun-Jung ; Shon, Yun-Hee ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 71~75
The effect of protein extract from Asterina pectinifera on proliferation of human breast cancer cells and activities of cytochrome P450 1A1 and ornithine decarboxylase was tested. Protein extract from Asterina pectinifera inhibited the growth of both estrogen-dependent MCF-7 and estrogen-independent MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Cytochrome P450 1A1 activity was significantly inhibited by the protein extract from Asterina pectinifera at concentrations of 80 (p<0.05), 120 (p<0.01) and
(p<0.01). The extract inhibited induction of ornithine decarboxylase by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, a key enzyme of polyamine biosynthesis, which is enhanced in breast tumor promotion. Therefore, Asterina pectinifera is worth further investigation with respect to breast cancer chemoprevention or therapy.
Induction of Apoptosis by Methanol Extract of Gloiopeltis furcata in Human Leukemia Cell Line U937
Choi, Woo Young ; Park, Cheol ; Kim, Gi Young ; Lee, Won Ho ; Bae, Song-Ja ; Choi, Yung Hyun ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 76~83
Epidemiological studies have indicated that the ubiquitous consumption of seaweeds is a protective factor against some types of cancer. Previous results showed that the administration of seaweed powder or extract reduced the incidence rate of chemically induced tumorigenesis using in vivo animal model. Recently, we reported that the extracts of Gloiopeltis furcata, a kind of Korean edible seaweed, caused he cell growth inhibition of various human cancer cell lines, among them methanol extract exhibited a relatively strong antiproliferative activity. However, the molecular mechanisms of this seaweed in malignant cells have been poorly studied until now. To elucidate this problem, we investigated the effects of methanol extract of G. furcata (MEGF) on the growth inhibition in several human cancer cell lines, and further we analyzed the effects of this extract were tested on the activity of apoptosis induction in human leukemic cells. The results demonstrated that MEGF treatment resulted in the morphological changes and the growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, MEGF potently suppresses the growth of human leukemic U937 cells by induction of apoptosis, which was associated with induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(WAF1/CIP1) in a tumor suppressor p53-independent fashion and up-regulation of Fas/FasL system. Further studies will be needed to identify the active compounds that confer the anticancer activity of MEGF. Once such compounds are identified, the mechanisms by which they exert their effects can begin to be characterized.
Comparisons of growth and biofilm production with Vibrio fluvialis and mutants deficient in oligopeptide permease gene
Lee, Eun Mi ; Ahn, Sun Hee ; Kong, In Soo ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 84~90
mutants of Vibrio fluvialis were constructed by allelic exchange method. The mutants occurred in target genes were confirmed by PCR and Southern hybridization analyses. After the exact mutants were identified, cell growth and biofilm production were examined using the respective mutants. The growth of wild strain was more rapid than mutants within 4hr incubation. Thereafter, the growth of wild strain and mutants reached to same level. When the productivities of wild strain and mutants were examined,
mutant showed the highest productivity. Though
and F mutants produced the lower production than that of
mutant, the productivities of those mutants were much higher than that of wild strain.
Removal of Nitrogenous Compounds by Immobilized Mixed Microorganisms Including Photosynthetic Bacteria
Cho, Kyoung Sook ; Kim, Jeong Bo ; Jeong, Soo Kyoung ; Jeong, Hae Yoon ; Cho, Jeong Sub ; Kim, Joong Kyun ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 91~97
For efficient removal of nitrogenous compounds produced in recirculating aquaculture system, the N removal characteristics of immobilized mixed microorganisms were investigated at various mixing ratios of photosynthetic bacteria (PSB) immobilized in PVA beads or CTA cubes and ammonium utilizing bacteria (AUB) immobilized in PVA beads. On the optimal medium of AUB, the maxium gas production rate was obtained at the mixing ratio of 10:40 (PSB:AUB), and the gas production rate increased as the portion of AUB beads in the mixed beads increased. When the mixing ratios of PSB:AUB beads were 50:0, 40:10, 25:25 and 10:40, the final pHs were measured to be 6.29, 6.01, 5.69 and 5.13, respectively. On the optimal medium of PSB, however, the volume and the rate of gas production decreased remarkably as the portion of AUB beads in the mixed beads increased. The final pH was measured to be approximately 6.5, regardless of the mixing ratio. In the reactions by the mixed culture of PSB cubes and AUB beads, all results showed the same tendency of those by the mixed culture of PSB and AUB beads, but the volume and the rate of gas production decreased remarkably, even with 0.2ml of gas production in control. From all the results, the use of mixed PSB and AUB beads at the ratio of 10:40 seems to be efficient to remove nitrogenous compounds in wastewater from recirculating aquaculture system.
Effect of the Deep Sea Water of East Coast on Blood Flow and Serum Lipids
Park, Mi-Hwa ; Bae, Song-Ja ; Kim, Mihyang ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 98~104
The more the population grow, the severer the shortage of a basic human needs such as clean water, food, energy resources and so on. Recently, we aware that deep sea water can be utilized to solve comprehensively food, energy and water problems. In this study, inhibitory effect of the deep sea water of east coast (DSW) on platelet aggregation were investigated using washed platelet and beneficial effect of the change of lipid concentration on serum at various time intervals for three weeks. In this study six groups of 6-month-old Sparague-Dawley rats were examined. An intact group served as controls (C-1D : breeding for one day, C-1W : breeding for one week, C-3W : breeding for three week). The fourth group (1D-DSW) supplemented with DSW for one day. The fifth group (1W-DSW)supplemented with DSW for a week. The sixth group (3W-DSW)supplemented with DSW for three weeks. The total cholesterol and triglyceride concentration on serum of supplemented groups with the DSW for one or three weeks were significantly decreased. The serum HDL-cholesterol level in the DSW groups were significantly higher than the level in the control group. The supplementation of DSW for one day did not appear to have such a beneficial effect on lipid level. The ability of platelet aggregation of supplemented groups with DSW was less than control group. These results suggest that supplementation with DSW is positively influence on lipid concentration and platelet aggregation.
Isolation and Identification of Fatty Acid and Volatile Compounds from Tuna Fish Oil with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
Roh, Hyung-Seob ; Youn, Hyun-Seok ; Park, Ji-Yeon ; Sin, Sang-Kyu ; Lee, Min-Kyung ; Back, Sung-Sin ; Chun, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 105~118
Isolation and Identification of fatty acid and volatile compounds in tuna fish oil were successfully carried out using supercritical carbon dioxide. Samples of the oil were extracted in a 56 ml semi-batch stainless steel vessel under conditions which ranged from 80 to 200 bar and 40 to
with carbon dioxide flows from 10 ml/min. Volatiles in the oil extracted from the samples with supercritical carbon dioxide were analyzed by gas chromatography, mass detector with canister system. The extracts were contained with various fatty acids, 57.0% of unsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA), and 43.0% of saturated fatty acids. The aroma compounds in the oil showed over 129 peaks, of which 100 compounds were identified. Volatile components included 2,4-hepatadienal(fishy), dimethyldisulfide (unpleasant), dimethyltrisulfide (unpleasant) and 2-nonenal(fatty). The isolation efficiency of the volatile compounds from the samples was 99.4% at
and 200 bar.
Cloning and Characterization of cDNA for Korean Rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli ) Insulin-like Growth Factor-I
Kwon, Mi-Jin ; Jo, Jae-Yoon ; Nam, Taek-Jeong ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 119~125
To understand the comprehensive mechanisms of biological function for insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in vertebrates, we have investigated the cDNA sequence of this gene in the korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli). The mature form of korean rockfish IGF-I was found to be comprised of 67 amino acid residues, showing about a 7 kDa molecular weight. In this study, we used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to obtain a korean rockfish IGF-I (KR IGF-I) cDNA fragment, and methods of rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) to obtain a full length of the KR IGF-I sequence. The KR IGF-I encoded for a predicted amino acid sequence showed identities of 93.6 %, 90.7 %, and 85.4 % in comparison with flounder, chinook salmon, and human IGF-I, respectively. To obtain recombinant biologically active polypeptides, korean rockfish B-C-A-D domains were amplified using the PCR, then the isolated cDNA was expressed in the E. coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant KR IGF-I protein biological function was measured by stimulation of [
] thymidine incorporation, suggesting the cDNA codes for the korean rockfish proIGF-I.
Inhibition of Oxidative Damage by Phlorotannins from Ecklonia cava in Normal Human Dermal Fibroblasts
Kim, Moon-Moo ; Rajapakseb, Niranjan ; Kim, Se-Kwon ;
Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology, volume 1, issue 2, 2006, Pages 126~135
Phlorotannins which is oligomeric polyphenol of phloroglucinol unit were isolated from solvent fractions of methanolic extract of the brown alga, Ecklonia cava (EC). The inhibitory effects of phlorotannins from EC solvent fractions on oxidative stress were examined in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) related to wrinkle formation. Among the solvent fractions, phlorotannins from ethyl acetate fraction exerted the highest scavenging effect on DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical and alkyl radical analyzed by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation were measured using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) and diphenyl-1-pyrenylphosphine (DPPP), respectively. Their levels were significantly decreased in the presence of phlorotannins from ethyl acetate fraction, compared with other fractions obtained from EC extract (P < 0.01). Furthermore, intracellular glutathione (GSH) level was significantly increased in a time dependent manner by the phlorotannins. Therefore, these results suggest that phlorotannins from EC extract could have a therapeutic potential for prevention and treatment of several diseases such as wrinkle formation related to oxidative stress.