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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on Development of an Continuing Education Program Model in Relation to Gerontology and Geriatrics for Nurse Caring for the Elderly
Kang, Young-Sil ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 7~19
This study has a purpose to devise an education program in relation to Gerontology and geriatrics applicable to Korean nurses through literature review and analysis of education programs utilized by the Geriatric Education Centers (GECs) of USA. Educational contents on gerontology and geriatrics are very diverse in precedent literatures. The education programs of GECs for health care personnel are equally very diverse. Among educational contents, subjects considered important are age-related changes, health problems of the aged, pharmacology, death, fall and osteoporosis, delirium, dementia, depression, urinary incontinence, communication with elderly. Methods used in education program are mainly seminar, workshop and lecture through internet. In addition, case study, small-group discussion and conference are also adopted. The program proposed in this study for nurses in relation to gerontology and geriatrics consists of 32 hours' education; 6 hours for age-related changes, 10 hours for health problems of the elderly, 14 hours for health problems in old age and 2 hours of communication technique. Educational method proposed is to utilize lecture through internet, direct education, workshop, practical exercise, case study and role play in parallel. This study proposed an education program on the basis of precedent literature and the program of GECs. Therefore, it is desirable to develop in the future more practical education program applicable to and required in practicing fields. Of course, this development needs to be based on nurses' educational needs by field in relation to gerontology and geriatrics.
A Study on College Nursing Students' Volunteering Activities, Volunteering Motivation and Needs, Sociability and Satisfaction in their Major
Kwon, Young-Mi ; Joo, Hye-Joo ; Cho, Kyung-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 20~32
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate undergraduate nursing students' volunteering activities, volunteering motivation- needs, sociability and satisfaction in their major for those who take the social service activities, and to provide basic information for operating the credit system of social service activity as service-learning system. Method: This study is a descriptive study and the participants were 363 of 2nd- and 3rd-year students at a nurses' college in I City, who completed the basic course of volunteering, and the survey was conducted during April 2004. Result: The group who participated in counseling service as a volunteering activity was high in volunteering motivation-needs, sociability and satisfaction in their major. In the group who performed volunteering through circle activities, those who volunteered for children, who participated longer and who had an active attitude showed high volunteering motivation-needs. In the group who had volunteering activities during weekdays, those who took an active attitude toward volunteering showed high sociability. Those who were somewhat dissatisfied with volunteering activities, however, showed significantly high sociability. Satisfaction in the major, namely, nursing was higher in senior students, in those who participated in volunteering activities for the first time at college, those who had religion, those who are active in volunteering activities and those who were highly satisfied with volunteering activities. Considering that active attitude toward volunteering activities and high volunteering motivation-needs enhance nursing students' satisfaction in their major, it is necessary to upgrade the current volunteering activities to the level of service learning. That is, it is necessary to develop new service learning in nursing curriculum that utilizes volunteering activities as well as what they learn in major for community societies.
A Study on the Female Adolescents' Sexual Attitude in High School
Kim, Young-Hae ; Eo, Yong-Sook ; Choi, So-Young ; Lee, Ji-Won ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 33~43
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the attitude for sex in high school students in order to provide basic sex education program. Method: The questionnaires were given to 905 students in the high schools and collected during the period from 1st to 31st May, 2003. Data were analyzed by SPSS WINS. Result: The level of sexual attitude was low level of conservative. Thirty five percent of adolescents in the study perceived liberal sexual attitude based on the cut-point suggested by Hudson et. al.(1983). There were significant difference between general characteristics, sexual characteristics and sexual attitude in the familial characteristics, contact of internet chatting, the perception of post-contraceptives, reject of sexual contact and sexual counseling with parents and significant others. Conclusion: It is required to develope sex education programs in order to establish sexual attitude in the female adolescents.
The Study about the Task Performance of the Preceptor
You, Eun-Hae ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Kang, In-Soon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 44~53
Purpose: This research was to grasp task performance of the Preceptor and to offer the basic data to a Preceptorship establishment. Method: 208 Preceptors which have been working at three 3rd medical institutions of Seoul. A task performance degree of Preceptor has been measured using a questionnaire which modifying and supplementing Schiwirian's tool(1974) The collected data was analyzed into description statistics, t-test and ANOVA through the SPSSWIN program. Result: The task performance degree was a
score. Personal relations and understanding was the highest area with a
score and patient education was the lowest area with a
score. the service career as a nurse is more than nine years(F=3.122, P=.027), worked as the Preceptor for more than five years to less than a seven year period(F=3.499, P=.016), the number of new nurses to educate as a Preceptor is more than five(F=3.509, P=.009), it has been evaluated as a good task performance. Conclusion: The selection of competent Preceptor and the development of the education program for Preceptors are required to deal with their task effectively. Above all, the task achieved successfully can be contributed to a Preceptorship establishment.
The Perceived Causal Structure Model on Stress Experienced by Nursing Students during Clinical Practice
Park, Mi-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 54~63
The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that influence stress experienced by nursing students and to provide a perceived causal structure model among these variables. The ultimate goal of this study is to develop efficient guidance to clinical nursing education in this population. This study intends to apply perceived causal structure: network analysis method which was developed by Kelly(1983), and has been applied in nursing research. This method is selected to show dynamic relationship of stressor using network method. Data was collected from convenient sample of 186 junior college nursing students who had the clinical practice experience during 10 weeks. Data collection and analysis was conducted in 2 steps from December, 9, 2002 to February, 8, 2003. Step 1.: Data was collected using literature review(10 articles) to identify the causes of stress. Nine causes of stress were extracted. Step 2.: As perceived casual structure network study, data was collected using questionnaires which included 9 extracted cause and stress. The questionnaire contained a 10 X 10 grid table with 10 causes and effects printed. In network analysis, 'Yes' was scored as 1, 'No' was scored as 0, and the mean(maximum 1, minimum 0) was calculated. Construction of the network under inductive eliminative analysis which stopped the construction of the network when the consensual agreement level dropped near 50% was proceeded by adding causes in order of the mean rating level. In this study, construction of the final network was stopped by consensual agreement level of 52% of the total subjects. The results are summarized as follows : Step 1: Investigation of the causes of stress ; The extracted causes of stress from quality data was identified 9 categories ; negative nurse, lack of clinical practice opportunity, ambiguous role, negative patient, lack of nursing knowledge and skill, difficult of personal relations, inefficient clinical practice guidance, gap of theory and practice, lack of support. Step 2 : Construction of the perceived causal structure model ; 1) The most central cause of stress is ambiguous role in the systems of causation. 2) The distal cause of stress is inefficient clinical practice guidance 3) The causes that have a number of outgoing link are negative nurse, ambiguous role. 4) The causes that have a number of incoming link are ambiguous role, gap of theory- practice, lack of clinical practice opportunity, lack of nursing knowledge- skill. 5) There is a mutual relationship between stress and difficult of personal relations, stress and ambiguous role, ambiguous role and negative nurse, ambiguous role and lack of clinical practice opportunity, ambiguous role and lack of nursing knowledge-skill, lack of nursing knowledge-skill and gap of theory- practice. In conclusion, the network suggests that the first centre cause is related on ambiguous role and the second on negative nurse, inefficient clinical practice guidance in the systems of causation
A Study on Intensive Major Course of Department of Nursing in College
Park, Song-Ja ; Je, Mi-Soon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 64~74
This study was conducted to investigate what contents nurses want in the intensive major course of junior nursing college. Data were collected for four months from October 2002 to February 2003 by structured questionnaires. Subjects were 240 registered nurses in working at five hospitals and four public health centers and elementary or middle schools in the capital and its suburbs and country. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 8.0 program. The results of this study were summarized as follows : 1. Nurses working at hospitals want the programs which involve the contents as follows : emergency nursing/CPR, infection control, critical care, caner pt. care, pain control, hospice, pulmonary disease pt. care, analysis of lab. exam, heart disease pt. care, chronic disease pt. care, DM pt. care, digestive-system disease pt. care, nervous-system disease pt. care, elderly pt. care, immune-system disease pt. care, endocrine-system disease pt. care. 2. Nurses working at public health centers want the programs which involve the contents as follows : home nursing, family nursing, management of DM, HT, degenerative disease, and chronic liver disease, elderly pt. care, health education, maternity nursing, rehabilitation nursing. 3. Nurses working at elementary or middle schools want the programs which involve the contents as follows : prevention of drug abuse or misuse, sex education and consultation, health education, consultation technique, emergency care, prevention of child obesity, prevention and management of adult disease in children, teaching method, method of school health room management.
Ethical Dilemma and Coping Types in Nurses
Park, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Mi-Ye ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 75~83
This study was conducted to examine the ethical dilemma and coping types of nurses, and identify the relationship between ethical dilemma and coping types of nurses. The subjects of this study consisted of 210 nurses from two university hospitals in Taegu and one university hospital and one general hospital in Pohang. The data were collected with self reported questionnaire from June 2003 to July 2003. The data were analysed using the SPSS program. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The mean score of level of ethical dilemma was 0.55/1, and client area was the highest(M=0.65). 2. The mean score of level of coping about ethical dilemma was 2.22/4, and seeking social support area was the highest (M=2.42). 3. The conflict of proffering the best care with courtesy to impolite patient was the highest in total items of ethical dilemma. Criticized or lectured myself was the highest in total items of coping type. 4. In general characteristics, age(F=4.74, p<.01), marital status(t=2.67, p<.01), career (F=5.95, p<.01) were significantly related to level of ethical dilemma and religion(t=2.27, p<.05) was significantly related to types of coping. There was positive correlation between ethical dilemma and types of coping(r=.228, p<.01). On the basis of these findings, it is needed a correlation study according to category of ethical dilemma and coping types of nurses, and to develop the coping strategy that resolves ethical dilemma in nursing practice.
The Degree of Fatigue Depending on Constitution in Middle-Aged Women
Shin, Eun-Ju ; Han, Seon-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 84~93
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the subjective degree of fatigue, the degree of fatigue depending on constitution, and the factors related to fatigue in middle-aged women. Method: Data were collected from 51 patients, registered at Oriental Medicine Hospital in J-city and K-city respectively. The instrument used in this study were the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue and the Questionnaire of Sasang Constitution Classification Ⅱ. Data analysis was done SPSS Result: The characteristics of constitution in middle-aged women could be divided into three: twenty six people of Soeumin, thirteen people of Taeumin, and twelve people of Soyangin. The degree of fatigue in middle-aged women: the average score 30.61 out of the total score 40. Subdivision of fatigue scores: common fatigue degree 7.71, distress due to fatigue 7.67, degree of daily activity fatigue 7.43, and fatigue frequency in the previous week 7.84. There were significant differences in the degree of fatigue depending on constitution in middle-aged women(p=.033). This study revealed weight, exercise, and drinking are important factors that can exert influence on the degree of fatigue. Also, there was a big difference in the degree of fatigue depending on constitution. Conclusion: In conclusion, fatigue is one of the difficult problems with middle-aged women. And this study revealed that change in the weight(especially loss of weight), physical exercise, and drinking are important factors that can exert influence on the degree of fatigue. Also, there was a big difference in the degree of fatigue depending on constitution. Therefore it is necessary to develop Korean nursing intervention to providing an appropriate environment where there is the harmony of the dual principles of the negative and positive, and patients can be taken care of properly.
A Preliminary Survey for the Development of Web-based Multimedia Contents on Physical Examination and Health Assessment
Oh, Pok-Ja ; Kim, Il-Ok ; Shin, Sung-Rae ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 94~104
Purpose: This descriptive survey was undertaken to find out the offering types of Physical Examination and Health Assessment course, student's ability to utilize web-based multimedia, and the basic knowledge on physical examination and health assessment in students attending baccalaureate(BSN) and associate degree(AD) programs in nursing, RN-BSN completion programs, and medical school. Method: 77 nursing programs in Korea were surveyed for the information on Physical Examination and Health Assessment courses, and the basic knowledge were tested on 169 nursing and medical students. Results: Majority of BSN(90.69%) and AD(85.29%) programs were offering Physical Examination and Health Assessment courses in students's sophomore years. Majority(95.58%) of programs were using face to face teaching method where as only 4.41% were using web-based multimedia programs. Basic knowledge on Physical Examination and Health Assessment were highest among students in medial school(14.04%) and RN-BSN(13.15%) compared to BSN(8.96%) or AD(8.06%) program. Conclusion: Web-based multimedia contents on Physical Examination and Health Assessment should be developed and should be integrated into the nursing curriculum.
어머니의 남녀평등의식과 아동의 성역할 태도
Yeo, Gyeong-A ; Lee, Hwa-Ja ; Kim, Myeong-Hui ; Park, Hyeong-Suk ; Eo, Yong-Suk ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 105~110
The Relationship Among Personality, Hope and Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Patients
Jo, Kae-Hwa ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 115~124
The purpose of the study was to explore the relationship among personality characteristics, hope and quality of life(QOL) of breast cancer patients. The subjects of the study were the 113 breast cancer patients treated at 3 university hospitals in Daegu and Busan from June 1 to Sep. 30, 2003. Personality characteristics was measured by using Personality Inventory(NEO-PI), hope measured by using Nowotny's Hope Scale, and QOL by using a questionnaire developed by Ro(1988). Data were analyzed with SPSS program by frequency, range, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. The findings of this survey indicate 1) The mean personality characteristics item score was 2.64, hope was 2.78, and QOL was 3.19. It appeared that there was a slightly negative tendency about personality characteristics, hope and QOL of breast cancer patients. 2) There was a significant difference between personality characteristics, hope and QOL according to demographic factor. 3) There was a positive correlation between personality characteristics and hope(r=.49), hope and QOL(r=.377). Among subitem of hope and QOL especially confident, possibility of future, active participation, inner motivation and self esteem were positively correlated with personality characteristics especially extroversion, openness and conscientiousness. 4) There was a negative correlation between neuroticism and relation with neighbor(r=-.452), neuroticism and relation with family(r=-.344). It was found that personality characteristics, hope and QOL were essential concept for qualitive care of breast cancer patients and there were negative correlation with neuroticism toward relation with neighbor and relation with family. This study suggests that there would be further study to find out the importance and relationship among personality characteristics, hope and QOL of breast cancer patients.
Clinical Expert Nurse's Experience on Professionalism
Cho, Nam-Ok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 125~138
This study aims to explore the meanings of clinical expert nurse's professional experience. This study was based on a phenomenological approach. All participants were working at S-hospital, located in Seoul. Data were collected through in-depth interviews which were performed from October 2003 to September 2003. Interviews lasted one and half hours and data were analysed by Giorgi method.Four main meanings were identified: 1) scientific clinical nursing practice, 2) value oriented clinical nursing practice, 3) collaborative clinical nursing practice and 4) proactive clinical nursing practice. The results of this study showed that there were clinical expert nurse's nursing activites in South Korea. In order to develop the professionalims or experts of the clinical nursing practice, specialized programs stimulating nurse's personal effort and systmemic education and institutional programs are needed.
A Study of Determinants of Patients Education Behavior of Clinical Nurses in Korea
Yoo, Hye-Ra ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 139~148
Purpose of this study was determining predictor variables of Korean nurses' intention to educate clients and their significant others using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Nurses working in health institutions (N=221) were conveniently selected from 2 RN-BSN programs and 2 hospitals in Seoul and Kyunggi-Do. A packet of questionnaires was developed according to the guidelines of the TPB. Multiple regression and Pearson product coefficients were used to analyze the data. Korean nurses showed positive intention to education their patients. They also showed positive attitude toward the patients education while perceived strong social pressure of teaching the patients. Attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control were the predictors of the intention as the theory proposed. Especially the perceived behavioral control was the best predictors among them. Time to prepare themselves for the patient education; high self-esteem as a teacher; a perception that patients want nurses as a resource person; and the quality of information that nurse perceived they had were the predictors among the perceived behavioral control variables. Three recommendation were identified for the effective patient education. Nurses should be prepared to teach patients in their nursing school so that they have self-esteem as a competent teacher. The professional patient educators who are well-prepared for educating patients and their family are strongly recommended. Finally, development of a patient education center in the health institution were also recommended for its quality control.
The Experiences of Alternative Therapy with the Menopausal Symptom in middle-aged Women
Lee, Hea-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 149~160
The primary purpose of this study was to describe psychological aspects of menopausal women who have experiences on alternative therapies, such as pomegranate tree fluid, life pack, evening primerose, zacro syrup, zacro pill, multi-vitamin, oriental medicine instead of estrogen. In order to have insights on the participants behaviors, this qualitative research was conducted. The participants in this study were six women who have been taking at least one of the alternative therapies to relieve the menopausal symptom. Data had been collected from November 2002 to May 2003. The interview questions were about motivations to seek the alternative therapy, menopausal symptoms, feelings or positive effects after the treatment. The interviews were recorded and transcribed into written documents. The method described by Giorgi was utilized for data analysis. The study results were as follows : 1. The participants sought the alternative therapy based on their own information or by friends' recommendations. The motivations of taking the therapy were to live younger and healthier by reliving menopausal symptoms including somatic symptoms, such as irregular menstruation, flushing sense, cold sweating, insomnia, dull headache, vagina dryness, cystitis after sexual intercourse, joint pain, nervousness, depression, skin dryness, and suppression of activity. 2. The participants expressed that they became more active and felt better with disappearing menopausal symptoms after about 2 to 3 weeks treatment. 3. The participants did not want to accept the fact that they had menopause, which caused avoidance of having medical diagnosis and medical treatment. They also did not want to let their spouses know about their symptoms. 4. The major reason of taking the alternative therapy was to avoid the side effects of estrogen therapy in spite of high costs of the alternative way. 5. The participants suggested that menopausal women needed to be educated about physical and psychological symptoms of menopause. They also needed to be informed about how to manage it. In conclusion, accurate information about foods and drugs utilized for the alternative therapy was needed. Medically proved methods to recognize positive effects and side effects were also necessary. These goals could be achieved by continuous medical observations and further research.
The Study of the Nursing Students Lived Experience of Clinical Practice Nursing of Dementia Patients
Hwang, Yun- Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 161~171
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate the reality of nursing students lived experience of clinical practice nursing of dementia patients, which will provide the basic research material to enhance the effect of their clinical practice. Method: Van Manens hermeneutic-phenomenological method has been used to analyze the data. Participants consisted of 8 second-year nursing students who did the clinical practice at a dementia unit in C hospital. Data was collected from in-depth face to face interviews. Result:
being confused by the unfamiliar environment of nursing practice
being disordered about the patients' duality behaviour
perceiving necessity to accept patients' behaviors
feeling personal connections likely to grandmother
realizing the patients affection of their family
being frustrated by the patients' hopelessness
lessening biased view on dementia
feeling the anxiety about the unsecured future
realizing the necessity of the gradual and individual care
understanding the nursing of dementia as comprehensive nursing
Conclusion: We are able to obtain an in-depth understanding about the nursing students lived experience of clinical practice nursing of dementia patients. Based upon this, there is a need to develop a better nursing intervention in order to enhance the effect of the nursing students clinical practice.