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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 2007
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Clinical Practice Experiences on Nursing Activities of Nursing Students
Cho, Mi-Hye ; Kwon, In-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 143~154
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical practice experiences of nursing students who completed the courses of nursing curricula in college. Method: The data was collected using a questionnaire with 191 task elements in 8 nursing standards specified by the Korean Nurses Association(2003), from December 2004 to January 2005. Three hundred thirty-three nursing students from five three-year and five four-year colleges of nursing were selected for respondents. Result: The nursing activities which over 70% of the students had performance experiences with were 23 items(12.04%) practiced frequently in clinical settings, simple, low in malpractice risk and noninvasive in characteristic. In addition, the nursing activities which under 30% of students had performance experiences with were 87 items(45.55%). The nursing activities which over 70% of students had only observation experiences with were 20 items(10.47%). Also, the nursing activities that over 30% of students didn't have any experiences with were 19 items(9.95%) not frequently seen in the clinical setting. Conclusion: It is concluded that the students are not fully qualified as the new nurses of the future. Therefore, every effort to develop a more effective clinical nursing education in school, clinical settings and in students themselves is needed.
The Effects of Problem Based Learning(PBL) in Nursing Students Studying through PBL Curriculum
Hwang, Yoon-Young ; Chu, Min-Sun ; Park, Chang-Seung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 155~161
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effects of Problem-Based Learning(PBL) in nursing students. Method: Data was collected from 70 junior nursing students who studied through PBL curriculum from C college, by 3 times from August to December 2005. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 10.0. Results: There were no statistically significant improvement in study related characteristics; appropriateness to nursing, interest in nursing knowledge, interest in clinical practicum and evaluation PBL learning course; satisfied with teaching content, satisfied with teaching method, and self-confidence in nursing. But there were statistically significant improvement in metacognition, self efficacy and learning motivation. Conclusion: Based on above results further research should be doing about subject of diverse nursing students who are studying PBL, development of PBL practice package and evaluation it's effects, and exploration to many elements that influenced evaluation PBL learning course.
Instrument Development for Patient Respect
Yoo, Myoung-Ran ; Hyeon, Jin-Suk ; Choi, Yun-Jung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 162~168
Purpose: Patients hope to receive 'respected nursing' which guarantees the right of privacy and treatment as a human being in hospitals. However, no specific tool has been developed to measure patients' perceived respect from nurses while staying in hospitals. This study was conducted to develop a tool to measure the respect that they experience in hospital. Method: A basic questionnaire was made based on research literature, pilot studies, and collected data via patients' interviews. The questionnaire was verified by 5 members of an expert group, a chief nurse in the clinical area and 10 patients. We distributed the questionnaires to 266 randomly selected inpatients and carried out analyses of factors and content to evaluate the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. Result: According to the results of factor analyses, three factors such as 'cordial treatment', 'consideration', and 'recognition' were extracted, which took up to 61 percent from all variants. Final questionnaires has 30 questions on a 4-point scale. Conclusion: The questionnaire which was designed through the study showed a high reliability and validity. We anticipate that this questionnaire will contribute to fostering nursing care with respect for patients.
Effects of Hand Massage with Aroma Oil on Stress Responses and Serum Immunity of Registered Nurse during the Night Duty
Lee, Hea-Sook ; Hwang, Hea-Sook ; Kim, Young-Ah ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 169~176
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the effect of aromatherapy hand massage on stress responses and serum Immunity of RN's before the night duty. Method: The data were collected during the period from Oct. 10 to Nov. 15, 2005 at S-Hospital in Seoul. There were forty-eight subjects, 24 for the experimental and 24 for the control group. A Pre & post test were conducted to measure pulse rate, perceived stress(level and score) and a blood sample for cortisol and IgA. In the experimental group, lavender and geranium were used. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test and t-test with SPSS program. Result: The pulse rate was reduced but there were no significant differences between the two groups. Scores of subjective stress(VAS) decreased significantly after aromatherapy hand massage and the level of serum Cortisol was reduced significantly. The level of serum IgA was elevated significantly. Conclusion: Aromatherapy hand massage could be a useful intervention to reduce stress and elevate the immunity of nurses during the night duty.
Effects of Self Efficacy, Health Related Hardiness on a Health Promoting Lifestyle of Middle-aged People
Lee, Jung-In ; Kim, Soon-Yi ; Seo, Ki-Soon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 177~183
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self efficacy, and health related hardiness on a health promoting lifestyle of middle-aged people Method: The study was designed as a descriptive survey study. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire which included general characteristics, measure of self efficacy, health related hardiness, and health promoting lifestyle. Data collection was done between May and August, 2007 with 197 middle-aged participants. Result: The average score of the participants for self efficacy was 34.78, for health related hardiness 57.01 and for a health promoting lifestyle 127.53. There were positive correlations between self efficacy and a health promoting lifestyle, health related hardiness and a health promoting lifestyle, and self efficacy and health related hardiness. The correlations were statistically significant. Health related hardiness was a significant predictors of a health promoting lifestyle. Conclusion: A strategy for improving self efficacy and health related hardiness should be developed and a nursing intervention program should also be provided based on the developed strategy of middle-aged people.
The Effect of Neurofeedback Training on Developing Creativity in Nursing Students
Song, Young-Sun ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 184~191
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a neurofeedback training on developing creativity in nursing students. Method : A nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design was used. A convenience sample of 36 students from the Department of Nursing, at D University were assigned to experimental(n=18) and control(n=18) groups. The intervention program was Neurofeedback training for 6 weeks, 3 times a week. Outcome variables were fluency, flexibility, originality, and creativity overall. Result : Neurofeedback training was effective in enhancing flexibility and creativity overall, but was not effective in enhancing fluency and originality. Conclusion : Neurofeedback training may be a useful intervention to promote creativity of nursing students.
A Study on Anxiety about Aging of Middle Aged and Elderly Women
Kim, Eun-Ha ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 192~202
Purpose: This study was to examine the degree of anxiety about aging for middle aged and elderly women and to identify the overall degree of anxiety about aging and general characteristics of middle aged and elderly women. Method: The subjects of the study were 674 women who lived in Busan city, Korea. The sampling was at the researcher's convenience and data was collected from April to August, 2007. The instrument for the study was questionnaires consisting of the general characteristics, and Anxiety about Aging for Elderly by Watkins, Coates, and Ferroni(1998). Descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA with Scheffe's test were used for data analysis. Result: The results of this research were as follows: The mean score of anxiety about aging was 50.32
5.75. The results reveal that middle aged women are more anxious about aging than old women. Anxiety about aging was the most common psychological dimension of the six factors. According to the general characteristics, there was a significant difference in education, subjective economic status, composition of family and job status in anxiety about aging. Conclusion: The results of this study help in explaining psychological health. In addition, development of adequate interventions to decrease anxiety about aging in women is needed.
A Study of Factors Influencing Health Promoting Behaviors in Nursing Students
Park, In-Soon ; Kim, Ran ; Park, Myung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 203~211
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing Health Promoting Behavior(HPB) of nursing students. Method: The sample consisted of 418 college nursing students in G city. data collection method was a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Result: The mean score for HPB was 2.48. In the subcategories, the highest degree of performance was interpersonal relationship and the lowest degree was exercise. HPB was significantly different according to economic status of parents, health concern of parents, and body mass index. The most powerful predictor of HPB was self esteem(33%). A combination of self esteem, social support, self efficacy and perceived health status accounted for 43% of the variance in HPB of nursing students. Conclusion: This study suggests that self esteem, social support, self efficacy and perceived health status are significantly influencing factors in HPB of nursing students.
Effects of Hand Stimulation Intervention on Fatigue and the Blood Cortisol Level of Pregnant Women
Shin, Hye-Sook ; Song, Young-A ; Hwang, Jee-In ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 212~219
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of hand stimulation intervention by moxa on fatigue and the blood cortisol level in pregnant women. Method: This study was conducted using a nonequivalent control-group pretest-posttest design from Oct 13 to Dec 15, 2005. The participants were pregnant women in the Gyeong-gi area. The numbers of experimental and control subjects were 16 and 13, respectively. The hand stimulation intervention by moxa was applied to the experimental group three times a week, for a total of fifteen times for five weeks. Result: The blood cortisol level was statistically significantly different between the two groups. However, the degree of fatigue was statistically insignificant. Conclusion: These results suggest that hand stimulation intervention by moxa can be used as an effective nursing intervention in pregnant women. The implications for nursing practice and directions for future research are discussed.
A Study on Recognition and Attitudes toward the Social Service Activity of Nurses
Song, Ju-Eun ; Kim, Yong-Soon ; Lee, Sun-Kyoung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 220~228
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate recognition and attitudes about social service activity(SSA) of nurses. Method: This was a descriptive study. The data was collected from July 15 to 31, 2002 by using a self-report questionnaire consisting of general characteristics(15items), recognition(24items) and attitude(23items) about SSA. The questionnaire was sent to 711 nurses of 38 hospitals in the Gyounggi province area, and 664 questionnaires were returned. The answer rate was 93.4%. The data was analyzed by the SPSS 12.0 Win program. Result: Seventy-one percent of nurses had a SSA experience during university, but only 14.2% nurses participate in SSA now. The mean score of recognition of SSA was 3.58(
0.45), and that of attitude was 3.70(
0.42). The relationship between recognition and attitude had a positive correlation(r=.398, p=.000), the higher the score of recognition, the higher the score of attitude. Conclusion: From these results, to improve nurses' participation in SSA, research to investigate the barrier factors of SSA participation in spite of the high level of recognition and attitude is needed. Programs for nurses to participate in SSA and systemic management should be set up.
The Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Efficacy of College Nursing Students
Kim, Kyung-Hae ; Kim, Gyung-Duck ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 229~236
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy of college nursing student. Method: Data was collected from 186 nursing students in D and M cities. Result: The average scores were; critical thinking disposition 62.59 and self efficacy 88.91. The critical thinking disposition level was significantly different according to the general characteristics of the high school system. The self-efficacy level was significantly different according to the general characteristics of gender. The critical thinking disposition level and self-efficacy level showed a positive correlation(r=.335, p<.000). Conclusion: A strategy for development of the critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy is needed for nursing students.
The Preceptor's Core Competency Related to Conflicts between Newly Graduated Nurses and Preceptors
Kim, Mi-Kyung ; Kwon, In-Gak ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 237~245
Purpose: This study was to investigate actual conflicts between newly graduated nurses and preceptors during preceptorship period and the preceptor's core competency related to their conflicts in order to prepare an educational program to develop a preceptor's core competency. Method: A total of 100 questionnaire sheets were collected for data analysis from a valid pair of 94 newly graduated nurses and 94 preceptors. The questionnaire consisted of the preceptor's core competency evaluation tool, and experiences of the conflicts between newly graduated nurses and preceptors. Data was analyzed using SPSS 12.0. Result: Preceptors faced more conflicts than newly graduated nurses, but the former went through conflicts for a shorter time. The conflict-experiencing newly graduated nurses evaluated their preceptor's core competency more excellently than the other's except 'role model'. The conflict-experiencing preceptors evaluated 'learning plan implementation' competency more excellently than the other's. Conclusion: It is advisable to have educational programs and opportunities for increasing preceptor's core competency.
An Analysis of the Role of Nurse Specialists in the General Hospital
Park, Kwang-Ok ; Kim, Jong-Kyung ; Jeong, Jae-Sim ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 246~256
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of nurse specialist in the general hospital, and to provide basic data for the role management of nurse specialist. Method: The subjects were 38 staff nurses who worked in a medical, surgical, or other department in one general hospital. Survey tools were developed with criteria for a clinical nurse specialist by American Nurses Association(1986), Korean Nurses Association(2001), Kim(2005)'s research, and the nurse specialists' self job description. Validity of the tool was examined by 5 clinical nursing experts and nurse specialists. Data analysis was done by using SPSS Win 12.0 program. Result: The results of domains for the job of nurse specialists were 61.6% for direct clinical practice, 21.7% for education, 5.7% for consultation, 5.2% for management, 5.2% for research, and 1.1% for other domains. The results for the large classifications in nurse specialists domains were 57.6% for direct nursing practice in direct clinical practice domain, 89.1% for patient education in education domain, 57.5% for medical consultation in consultation domain, 57.5% for medical research in research domain, and 39.2% for documentation in management domain. Conclusion: This research revealed that direct clinical practice domain was higher than the other domains of research, education, and management. Discussion and development about the nurse specialist's various roles needs to be addressed on a continual basis.
Sexual Problem Behaviors in High School Students
Kim, Hyeon-Ok ; Park, Gwang-Sug ; Jeon, Mi-Suk ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 257~265
Purpose: This study was done to investigate sexual problem behaviors of high school students in one province, North Cholla. Method: The participants in this research were 951 high school students, grades 1, 2 and 3, chosen at random in big cities, small towns and rural areas of North Cholla Province. Result: The routes for sexual knowledge acquisition were through a peer group or an older member(35.8%), internet(29.8%), classes and the teacher at school(18.8%), multimedia(8.4%) and parents (7.2%). The percentages for domains of sexual problem behaviors were masturbation 36.7%, sexual impulse 35.6%, voyeurism 12.6%, sexual violence 9.6%, transvestism 4.1%, prostitution 3.5%, exhibitionism 3.1%, and pregnancy of a female student 0.6%. Sexual problem behaviors experienced by 30% or more of the students were reported as the experience of the desire to embrace, the desire to kiss, the desire to touch a friend's body of the opposite sex, masturbation and the desire to sleep with a friend of the opposite sex. The biggest sexual problem behaviors for the students were sexual impulses toward friends of the opposite sex and masturbation. These experience rates were higher for boys than for girls(p<.05), higher vocationally than academicly(p<.05), and higher in the largest cities than smaller cities and rural area(p<.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that systematic programs that focus on a problem solution method should be developed for sexual problem behavior prevention.
A Diagnostic Study on the Variables Related to Smoking Behavior among College Students - Based the PRECEDE Model -
Yoo, Jae-Soon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 266~276
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify variables related to smoking behaviors (never smoked, former smoker, current smoker) among college students on the basis of the PRECEDE model. Method: Data were collected from 327 college students in Chungbuk Province from May to June 2006 using a self-reported questionnaire. Result: The rate of current smokers was 19.0%. The rate of current smokers in male students (41.1%) was significantly higher than that of female students(8.3%). Also, there were significant differences by general characteristics such as major, academic achievements, satisfaction with major and alcohol consumption. Number of smokers among five close friends was 1.72 and it showed significant differences among different gender, majors, levels of satisfaction with majors and alcohol consumption. In discriminant analysis, discriminant variables on smoking behavior were the number of smokers among close friends, the referent persons' responses about smoking and subject's belief about smoking. Conclusion: These research findings suggest that we can enhance the prevention of college students' smoking by strengthening the related factors such as enforcing a non-smoking environment and strengthening college health education strategies of non-smoking including a negative belief of smoking and the hazard of passive smoking.
The Effects of a BSE(Breast Self-Examination) Education Program on Knowledge, Self-Efficacy and Performance Level in Female Nursing Students
Yang, Young-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 277~283
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of BSE education and practice on knowledge, self efficacy and performance in female nursing students. Method: The subjects consisted of 40 students from 2 nursing colleges. They responded to questionnaires that included knowledge, self-efficacy and performance of BSE within a 3-month interval. The experimental group was subjected to a 90 minute-educational session. Their knowledge of BSE was measured using Choi's tool and self-efficacy was measured using Champion and Scott. Result: Self-efficacy and frequency of BSE performance in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group while BSE knowledge was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: Nursing students don't put their knowledge into practice. This fact suggests that changing a behavior needs something more than knowledge. In this study, the BSE education had an effect on self-efficacy and performance. Therefore, practical education needs to be reinforced for nursing students to perform BSE for their own health and to be able to demonstrate it for clients.
Clinical Nurses' Interpretation of the Experiences of Breast Cancer Women after Breast Conservative Operation
Jun, Myung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 284~291
Purpose: Even though the breast is not removed, women with a breast conservative operation(BCO) are suffering from the psychosocial distress comparable with mastectomies. The purpose of this study was to identify how clinical nurses view essential nursing problems and nursing approaches to post operative breast cancer experiences. Method: To identify the clinical nurses's interpretation, they were asked to respond to a case involving a woman struggling with breast cancer. The nurses' responses were analyzed using a manifest content analysis strategy to determine themes in problem identification and nursing care strategies. Result: The clinical nurses recognized that most of the patient's experiences originated from a psycho-social problem. Fifteen nurses(83%) interpreted the breast cancer woman's experience derived from her psychosocial problem. They identified the most effective nursing approaches for breast cancer women following surgery as counseling and providing information. Conclusion: In conclusion, the results revealed that a psychosocial skill including an empathic communication skill is essential for excellent nursing in post operative patient care.
Perception of Professors and Nurses on Clinical Practice Teaching and Organizational Integration of Colleges and Clinical Nursing Departments
Kim, Yong-Soon ; Park, Jee-Won ; Kim, Hyo-Sim ; Yoo, Moon-Sook ; Bang, Kyung-Sook ; Park, Jin-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 292~300
Purpose: This study was intended to describe the perception of professors and nurses on clinical practice teaching and organizational integration of colleges and clinical nursing departments. Method: Fifty-three professors of five nursing colleges and eighty-four nurses of one university hospital participated. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Result: Disposition for a good clinical instructor was both teaching skill and abundant clinical experience. Professors were competent at adapting nursing process and critical thinking, whereas, nurses were good at clinical skills. Most of the subjects agreed on the organizational integration of nursing colleges and the nursing departments of the hospital, and the proper position for a clinical teacher would be a concurrent instructor. Conclusion: Cooperation between the nursing college and clinical nursing department is needed, and organizational integration of these two is one way for better instruction in clinical practice.
Influencing Factors on the Health Promoting Behaviors of Elderly Living in an Institution
Song, Mi-Ryeong ; Yu, Su-Jeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 301~309
Purpose: This study focused on identifying health promoting behaviors of institutionalized elderly and the factors affecting these behaviors. Method: Data was collected from 107 elders in 6 institutions in Chungnam province from March to November, 2007. Data was collected by a structured questionnaire that included general characteristics, depression, social support, activities of daily living, self-efficacy, and health promoting behavior scales. The collected data was analyzed by the SPSS Windows 14.0 program including t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. Result: There were significant differences in health promoting behaviors according to marital status, religion, perceived economic status and health status. Depression, social support, ADL and self-efficacy had significant correlations with health promoting behaviors. Powerful predictors of health promoting behaviors were depression, social support, ADL and self efficacy. Conclusion: According to these results, a nursing intervention to enhance health promoting behaviors is needed for elderly living in an institution in order to reduce depression and to increase social support, ADL and self efficacy.