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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
Selecting the target year
Critical Disposition and Clinical Competency in 3 Nursing Colleges with Different Education Methods
Yang, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Og-Cheol ; Lee, Woo-Sook ; Yoon, Jin ; Park, Chang-Seung ; Lee, Suk-Jeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 149~158
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.149
Purpose: This study investigated critical thinking disposition and clinical competency of senior nursing students in 3 nursing colleges whose education methods were different; lecture based education, partially problem based learning (PBL) applied education or whole problem based learning applied education. Method: Participants were 399 diploma nursing students, and 92 undergraduate nursing students. The instruments used for this study were critical thinking disposition scales and clinical competency scales. Results: There was no statistical difference on critical thinking disposition except healthy skepticism between the 3 colleges. Clinical competency of the lecture based college was the highest. A significant positive correlation between critical thinking disposition and clinical competency were found in students whose scores of critical thinking disposition were greater than the median. Conclusion: This finding indicates that there is a need for further research on diverse nursing students who are studying by a various methods, prior to acceptance of a paradigm shift in nursing education from conventional lecture based methods to PBL applied methods.
The Influencing Factors on Clinical Competence of Nursing Students
Yang, Jin-Ju ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 159~165
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.159
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify clinical competence and to analyze influencing factors on clinical competence for second year college nursing students. Methods: The data were collected from 183 students by means of self reported questionnaires with clinical competence, satisfaction of clinical practice experience, critical thinking disposition, and self-directed learning, on June 18th 2007 and June 25th 2008. Results: The influencing factors on clinical competence of nursing students were satisfaction of clinical practice experience and critical thinking disposition. The more adaptable a student's major was, the higher the clinical competence and satisfaction of clinical practice experience. The score of self-directed learning was the highest in the well adapted group of a major. For clinical competence categories, the level of basic nursing was the highest followed by psychosocial nursing, patient education, nursing process, monitoring and patient physical assessment. The level of direct nursing care was the lowest among nursing students. Conclusion: In conclusion, results of this study suggest that constructing a cooperative system between colleges and educational hospitals, intensifying preceptors' and professors' clinical instruction, and developing a multimedia learning module and practice using simulators or standardized patient care is necessary to promote clinical competence of nursing students.
Self Esteem, Self Efficacy and Critical Thinking Disposition of College Students
Lee, Jung-In ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 166~174
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.166
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine self esteem, self efficacy and critical thinking disposition of college students. Method: A descriptive survey method was used in this study. Data were collected from May to August, 2008, from 486 college students. The survey sheet was composed of questions on self esteem, self efficacy, and critical thinking disposition. Result: The average score of self esteem, self efficacy, and critical thinking disposition was 2.99, 2.80, and 3.99 respectively. There were positive correlations between self esteem and critical thinking disposition, between self efficacy and critical thinking disposition, and between self esteem and self efficacy. Self esteem and self efficacy were significant predictors of critical thinking disposition. Conclusion: In order to help college students adopt to a rapidly changing society, the university should make efforts to develop a curriculum and program for improving self esteem, self efficacy and critical thinking disposition.
Clinical Application of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations for Nursing Students
Kang, Ki-Sun ; Song, Young-A ; Choi, Eun-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 175~182
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.175
Purpose: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a good way to evaluate clinical skills of nursing students. To do this, we need modules, evaluators, persons to run the examination, as well as models and standardized patient care if necessary. The main purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the OSCE method on nursing skills performance of students enrolled in a core skill lab of nursing courses. Method: Eight items were developed for the examination. Five minutes was allowed for each item. Two married women and third-year students played patient's roles. The participants were 2nd-year nursing students and the OSCE program was performed on December, 2008. Data analysis was done using SPSS WIN 12.0. Result: The evaluation score for BP check skill was 1.68 and hand washing skill was 1.87 by evaluators. Response of examinees to OSCE was favorable. Examinees did not express resistance for evaluation by OSCE run by SPs and students. Conclusion: The OSCE method is an effective tool for evaluating clinical nursing skills performance in student nurses. It is necessary to explore more efficient ways to develop OSCE cases in wider areas of nursing education. It is also recommended to replicate similar studies in nursing education.
Experiences among Undergraduate Nursing Students on High-fidelity Simulation Education: A Focus Group Study
Lee, Ju-Hee ; Kim, So-Sun ; Yeo, Ki-Sun ; Cho, Su-Jin ; Kim, Hyun-Lye ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 183~193
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.183
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore experiences among undergraduate nursing students in a high-fidelity simulation education course for a semester. Method: The participants in this study were 10 nursing students in the senior classes and volunteers. Data collection was conducted using a focus group interview for 100 minutes, which was recorded on video tape. Transcribed data was analyzed through qualitative content analysis. Result: The results of this study were deduced as 4 codes and 22 themes. Study participants reported experiences due to the simulation method itself, interaction among peer group and personal experiences during high-fidelity simulation education. Additionally, experiences related to clinical application were examined. The participants indicated positive outcomes such as developing clinical judgment skills and confidence. Conclusion: Overall, the results of this study supported the usability and effectiveness of a high-fidelity simulation education method in undergraduate nursing curriculum. Further studies are needed to provide more reliable and valid educational information.
A Study on a Student's General Recognition of Web-Based PBL and Learning Activity of Students by Their Reflective Thinking Level
Lee, Sun-Oak ; Park, Young-Suk ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 194~204
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.194
Purpose: Level of reflective thinking of students are important factors in the area of nursing studies on web-based PBL. These factors were used as a component of learning strategies. One was to understand general recognition to web-based PBL and reaction to the use of reflective journal. The other was to investigate the level of reflective thinking was related to learning activity. Method: PBL was adopted for an online course titled 'Nursing Assessment and Intervention'. Twenty graduate students were evaluated from questionnaire, reflective journals, and individual assignments. Result: Web-based PBL was strong for self-directed learning, team activity, creative thinking, diversity of thinking, and diverse process of learning while hard time, lack of cooperation, uncertainty of outcome, and lack of time were considered as weakness. Reflective journal gave moderate help to learning activities. The learners' learning activities was the lowest in the middle level of reflective thinking. Conclusion: Generally, graduate students in college of nursing showed slightly positive attitude to PBL experience and slightly positive reaction to the learning effect of reflective journal. PBL was estimated to be valuable and meaningful. There was no relationship between the level of reflective thinking and learning activities.
A Survey of Specialized In-Service Educational Programs in Hospitals in Korea
Kim, Sun-Ae ; Park, Kwang-Ok ; Kim, Young-Boon ; Kim, Bok-Soon ; Choi, Eun-Sung ; Byun, Eun-Kyung ; Jung, Hyo-Si ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 205~215
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.205
Purpose: This paper was intended to identify various kinds of specialized in-service educational programs in the hospital. Method: The data was collected from June to July, 2006. The subjects were 67 general hospitals in Korea. Result: Specialized in-service educational programs were present at 36 general hospitals. Thirty-three programs were operating in the field of intensive care nursing. The purposes of specialized in-service education programs were to improve the quality of nursing care. Conclusion: Since the clinical nurse specialist was legally established in 2005 in Korea, various kinds of specialized in-service education programs for nurses are needed under the organized framework of the career development system.
The Perception of Biomedical Ethics in Nurses
Ha, Ju-Young ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Hwang, Sun-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 216~224
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.216
Purpose: This study was to describe the perception of biomedical ethics in 210 nurses working at a hospital in Busan. Method: Data were collected from September 1st to 9th, 2008 using a 4-point Likert scale which was designed by Kwon. Results: The average score of perception of biomedical ethics was
. The highest score,
, was seen in the category of the ethics for right to life, the lowest,
, was seen in the category of ethics of death. There was no significant difference in perception of biomedical ethics according to marital status, participation in religious activity or career length. There was a significant difference in reproductive ethics according to marital status (F=3.559, p= .001) and participation in religious activity (F=3.914, p= .011). There was a significant difference in ethics of death according to career length (F=3.779, p= .011). Statistically significant differences were shown in ethics for right to life according to the ethical values (F=4.421, p= .005) and attendance of a conference for biomedical ethics (F=4.133, p= .018). The difference of the perception of biomedical ethics was significant in ethical values (F=3.859, p= .010) and attendance of a conference for biomedical ethics (F=3.783, p= .025). Conclusion: Continuing educational programs need to be developed and more reinforced education should be offered.
Study on the Knowledge of Cervical Cancer and Human Papillomavirus and Preventive Behavior Intention of Female University Students
Kim, Jung-Hyo ; Park, Mi-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 225~231
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.225
Purpose: This study was conducted to find out how much female university students knew about cervical cancer and Human papillomavirus (HPV) and to develop preventive behavior strategies for HPV infection. Method: In total, 511 students were involved and the assessment was done by means of cervical cancer knowledge questions, HPV knowledge questions and Alert questions. Result: The value regarding the knowledge of cervical cancer and of HPV turned out lower than the median while the degree of HPV prevention behavior intention was approximately mean. The values of the three variables, i.e. the knowledge of cervical cancer, knowledge of HPV, and the degree of preventive behavior intention were higher proportionately, showing a statistically significant difference, as the age of the subjects went higher, as long as they were nursing majors, and were more knowledgeable about HPV (p<.05). The three variables correlated positively (p<.05). Conclusion: Since the lack of knowledge with regard to cervical cancer and HPV is seen to cause a certain portion of female students to be vulnerable to the disease and lead them to a low degree of prevention, it is highly recommended to organize systematic sex education and thereby increase the willingness for preventive actions.
Marriage Outlook, Health of the Family of Origin and Sexual Awareness among University Students
Oh, Won-Oak ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 232~240
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.232
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the predictors of marriage outlook for university students in Korea. Method: A convenience sampling method was used and 438 university students were studied for final analysis. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include Marriage outlook scale, Family-of-origin Scale-55 and Sexual Knowledge & Attitude Test. Results: Marriage outlook for university students didn't demonstrate a positive point of view. There were positive correlations between marriage outlook, health of the family of origin and sexual awareness. The significant factors influencing marriage outlook of university students were current dating, health of the family of origin, gender, and religion. These factors explained 10.6% of marriage outlook of university students. Conclusions: These results support that special programs are needed in inducing a change in marriage outlook to overcome the low birthrate of Korea. These programs need to consider personal factors including the health of the family of origin, gender and religion.
Relationship of Stress, Perceived Health Status and Yangsaeng in Korean Part-Time College Students
Kim, Ae-Jung ; Park, Hye-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 241~250
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.241
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of stress, perceived health status and Yangsaeng in Korean part-time college students. Yangsaeng is a traditional health care regimen that incorporates specific principles and methods to promote health and prevent illness, with the aim of improving the health and longevity of life. Method: The subjects of this study were 158 part-time college students in Korea. Data were collected by using a self-reported questionnaire on-line. Analysis of data included descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, t-test, ANOVA and Cronbach's
. Result: Statistically significant differences were evident in stress according to age, spouse, job, and income. Statistically significant differences were evident in perceived health status according to gender and job. Statistically significant differences were evident in Yangsaeng according to age, job, and income. Yangsaeng positively related to perceived health status and negatively related to stress. Conclusion: The Yangsaeng oriental health care regimen could lower stress levels and maintain a good health perception. Therefore, Yangsaeng could be recommended as a means of health promotion in Korean part-time college students.
Students' Actual Use and Satisfaction of Meteorological Information and Demands on Health Forecasting at a University
Oh, Jin-A ; Park, Jong-Kil ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 251~259
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.251
Purpose: Climate change affects human health and calls for a health forecasting service. The purpose of this study was to explore the students' actual use and their satisfaction with meteorological information and the demands on health forecasting at a university in South Kyungsang Province. Method: This study used a descriptive design through structured self-report questionnaires including frequency, contents, purpose, perception, satisfaction of meterological information and need and demand of health forecasting. Data were collected from June 1 to 5, 2009 and analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 program. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA,
test and Person's correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. Result: The majority of the students watched the daily weather information to decide about daily work, outdoor activity or habitually. The mean score of need for health forecasting was
, and the demand for health forecasting was
. Significant differences were found in the need for health forecasting according to sex, major, and environmental disease. In addition, the higher the satisfaction of health forecasting, the higher the demand for it. Conclusion: I suggest improving the meteorological information system technically and developing a health forecasting service resulting in a healthier and more comfortable life.
Relationship of Knowledge of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Educational Needs, and Self Care in Inpatients with Coronary Artery Disease in China
Lin, Qin Lan ; Kim, Hee-Kyung ; Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 260~273
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.260
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge of cardiac rehabilitation, educational needs, and self care in inpatients with coronary artery disease in China and to provide basic data for development of cardiac rehabilitation programs. Method: From Jan. 16th to Feb. 26th, 2009, 104 patients with coronary artery disease were hospitalized in general hospitals in K and H city in China. They were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation analysis. Results: In inpatients with coronary artery disease in China, the score of knowledge of cardiac rehabilitation was average (
), and the score of educational needs was high (
). The score of self care was average (
). The regular exercise group (p= .005) had a high knowledge of cardiac rehabilitation, the nonsmoking group (p= .022) and regular exercise group (p= .037) did well by themselves. Educational needs also affected the overall knowledge of inpatients with coronary artery disease (r= .288, p= .003). Conclusion: This study suggests that knowledge of cardiac rehabilitation and educational needs should be considered in enhancing cardiac rehabilitation programs designed for inpatients with coronary artery disease in China.
Survey on Prehospital Services for Acute Traumatic Hand Injury and Patient Satisfaction
Yun, Soon-Young ; Kim, Min-Suk ; Oh, Kyong-Ok ; Jung, Ji-Young ; Jun, Myung-Hee ; Uhm, Dong-Choon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 274~284
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.274
Purpose: This study surveyed how victims with acute traumatic hand injuries received pre-hospital care and how satisfied they were with that care. Method: A total of 100 adults were interviewed using a questionnaire at one microsurgical clinic in Korea. Results: Only 12 patients (12.0%) were transported by the ambulance and the others by private or company's vehicles. Only 9 patients (9.0 %) were able to get appropriate first response from the EMTs or industrial health providers at the scene of the accidents. The mean time required for transportation from the scene of the accident to the operation room of the microsurgical clinic was
minutes. Most of the patients were satisfied with the pre-hospital care provided by the EMT or industrial health providers but dissatisfied with that provided by lay persons. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that there is a lack in the first response provided at the scene and the activation of EMS (Emergency Medical System) for acute hand injury. It is necessary to educate the public about the appropriate first response and rapid transportation to the appropriate microsurgical clinic.
Effectiveness of a Web-based Learning Program for Medication and Symptom Management Education of the Schizophrenia Patient
Shon, Kyung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 285~292
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.285
Purpose: This study was to examine the effect of a web-based education program for schizophrenic patients in order to identify symptoms, facilitate medication and prevent recurrence. Method: The design of this study was a quasi experimental research with nonequivalent control group, pretest-posttest design. The subjects of this study were inpatients in the psychiatric day hospitals in Busan; 14 schizophrenic patients for the web-based education group (Exp.I); 14 schizophrenic patients for the web-based education with face -to- face education (Exp.II); and 16 schizophrenic patients for the face -to- face education as control group (Con. G). The data were collected from November 5th 2007 to January 28th 2008 and were analyzed with
-test, ANOVA, ANCOVA and Bonferroni test in SPSS Win 11.0. Results: After receiving education, each with different methods, the Exp.I group attained the highest learning achievement in the knowledge of medication and symptom management. In addition, the Exp.I group and Exp.II group attained the lower scores in the relapse warning symptoms than the control group. There were significant differences among the three groups. Conclusions: A web-based learning program for medication and symptom management education is an effective rehabilitation program that reduces the relapse rate of schizophrenic patients.
A Study of Self-esteem and Stress Coping Skills in Early Adolescence
Hyun, Myung-Sun ; Nam, Kyoung-A ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 293~301
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.293
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and coping skills among middle school students. Method: The participants were 674 students in three middle schools in GyeongGi-Do. The data were collected from June 10 to 20, 2005. The instruments used were the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and the Ways of Coping Checklist. The data were analyzed using the SPSS-Win 12.0 program. Result: Self-esteem showed a significant positive correlation with positive coping skills (r= .162. p= .000). As for the positive coping skills, there was a significant difference by grade (F= 4.69, p= .010), relationship with parent (F=4.036, p= .02), and relationship with siblings (F=3.902, p= .02). As for the negative coping skills, there was a significant difference by grade (F=3.05, p= .04), condition of living with parents (F=3.559, p= .02), economic status (F=3.736, p= .02), relationship with sibling (F=3.408, p= .03), and troubling matters (F=5.422, p= .005). Conclusion: Positive coping skills may be effective for adjustment because they positively related to self-esteem. Self-esteem and coping skills should be considered when an adolescent's mental health enhancement program is designed.
Impact of Parent-Adolescent Attachment and Self-Control on Problem Behavior in Middle School Students
Moon, Young-Sook ; Han, Su-Jeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 302~310
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.302
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the attachment of middle school students to their parents, their self-control, problem behavior, and the mediating effect of self-control on the relationship between parent-adolescent attachment and problem behavior. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 467 students in middle schools from May 19 to 30, 2008. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression procedures. Result: 1. The students investigated received a mean score of 2.76 and 3.01 on attachment for fathers and mothers respectively. They received a mean score of 3.32 on self-control. The most prevalent self-perceived problem behavior among the students was going home late at night without permission followed by bullying friends for no reason and drinking. 2. Among parent-adolescent attachment, self-control and problem behavior, parent-adolescent attachment had a positive correlation to self-control and a negative correlation to problem behavior. 3. Self-control had a mediating effect on the relationship between parent-adolescent attachment and problem behavior. Conclusion: Parent-adolescent attachment influenced problem behavior through the mediating effect of self-control, and is expected to lay the foundation for the prevention of adolescent problem behavior.
Factors Influencing Mothers' Caring Behavior in Health Promotion of Children with Disabilities
Lee, Ae-Ran ; Hong, Sun-Woo ; Yun, Soon-Nyoung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 311~320
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.311
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the factors associated with a mothers' caring behavior in health promotion of children with disabilities. Methods: Data were collected by using self-reported questionnaires from 371 mothers who had a 3-12 year old child with a disability from July 14 to 31, 2008. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis with the SPSS program. Results: There were significant differences on the mothers' caring behavior according to children's negative and hyperactive behavior, mothers' perceived burden, parenting efficacy, and social support. Children's characteristics explained 5.1% of mothers' caring behavior. The power of explanation (
) was 16.6% by adding mother's characteristics including mother's job, burden, parenting efficacy, satisfaction and stigma, and increased to 23.5% by adding social support. Conclusion: These results showed that mothers' caring behavior for their children's health promotion could be influenced by children's behavior problems, mothers' perception of burden, parenting efficacy, and social support. It suggests that health promotion programs for children with disabilities should focus on lowering subjective burden and enhancing mother's efficacy as a type of social support.
Preschooler's Behavior Problems and Relating Factors in Poverty Group
Bang, Kyung-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 321~328
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2009.15.2.321
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between caregivers' child rearing characteristics including discipline method, child rearing confidence, attitude, burden, attachment, and cognitive stimulation and preschooler's behavior problems in poor, urban group. Method: A cross-section study design was used. Conveniently selected one hundreds and three preschool aged children and their caregivers who are under National Security Act were recruited. Data was collected using Korean Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBC) comprised of nine sub-dimensions and caregivers' self report questionnaires. Results: Caregivers' discipline method was associated with behavior problems of child. The internalizing and externalizing behavior problem scores including aggressive behavior of children who experienced spanking were significantly higher than children who did not. In addition, Caregivers' child rearing confidence also showed associations with the children's behavior problems. Child behavior problems showed positive relationships with caregivers' child rearing burden, and negative relationships with child rearing attitude, attachment, and cognitive stimulation. Conclusion: Caregivers' negative discipline methods and low child rearing confidence showed significant relationships with children's behavior problems of poor, urban children. Nurses working in primary care and community-based settings are in key positions to address this problem and improve the parenting attitude of low-income caregivers and positively affect the behavior of their children.