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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Web-Contents Learning for Adult-Care Practice
Kim, Young-Ock ; Bae, Yeong-Suk ; Kim, Su-Mi ; Yang, Jin-Ju ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 5~13
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.005
Purpose: This study investigated the effects of Web-Contents Learning by nursing students on nursing knowledge, self-directed learning and clinical competence. Method: This study was a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group pre-post test. For the study, 146 nursing students were selected from three colleges. Seventy-six were experimental subjects and 70 were control subjects. The subjects in the experimental group studied Web-Contents along with four weeks of clinical practice. Data were collected by structured questionnaires and analyzed using the SPSS program. Result: The experimental group showed significant increase in their nursing knowledge (t=-3.866, p=.001). However, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in self-directed learning (t=-.759, p=.449) and clinical competence (F=.891, p=.347). Conclusion: From our investigation, the present study suggests some implication for learner-related variables. Elaboration of experimental design to validate the effects of Web-Contents Learning should be carried out.
Stress, Depression, Coping Styles and Satisfaction of Clinical Practice in Nursing Students
Park, Hyun-Joo ; Jang, In-Sun ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 14~23
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among stress, depression, coping styles and satisfaction of clinical practice in nursing students. Method: Two hundred fifty-eight nursing college students in 1 city were selected by convenient sample. A questionnaire measured the level of stress, depression, coping styles and satisfaction of clinical practice. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Result: The mean score of stress was 2.82 (
), depression was 19.23 (
), coping styles was 2.42 (
), and satisfaction of clinical practice was 2.81 (
). There were significant differences on four variables according to the satisfaction of a nursing major. Stress had a significant positive correlation with depression, and a negative correlation with problem focused coping and satisfaction of clinical practice. Depression had a significant negative correlation with satisfaction of clinical practice. Emotional focused coping had a significant positive correlation with depression, and problem focused coping had a significant negative correlation with depression. Conclusion: From the studies reviewed, one can expect a positive effect on decreasing stress and depression among nursing students when the nursing educators use counseling and instruction for clinical practice.
Implementation and Evaluation of Simulation Based Critical Care Nursing Education Used with MicroSim
Kim, Yun-Hee ; Kim, Yun-Min ; Kang, Seo-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 24~32
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.024
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the results after implementing a simulation based critical care nursing education with
. Method: Simulation based education was used for a clinical scenario on a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) and acute coronary syndrome(ACS). Self-learning program was used for an acute asthma attack and acute myocardial infarction(AMI) in the
. A total of 97 nursing students were chosen. A pretest and posttest was conducted to evaluate learning achievement, clinical performance ability and self-directed learning. Result: Learning achievement and clinical performance ability significantly increased but self-directed learning did not. Conclusion: Simulation based education used with
was useful for improving learning achievement and clinical performance ability of nursing students. Further studies are needed to compare the effects of simulation based education.
Study on Educational Satisfaction of a College's Nursing Students According to PBL Strategies
Koh, Keum-Ja ; Kim, Soo-Jin ; Kang, Hee-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.033
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the degree of students' educational satisfaction according to their Problem-based learning strategy. Method: The subjects were 277 nursing students in C College. A questionnaire modified by researchers was used and analyzed by the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Result: This study showed that there's a positive relationship between the level of students' educational satisfaction and their learning strategies, including collaborative, self-directed, self-expression and time management strategies. Those who were in the second year and those who have considered temporary absence from school and/or change of academic courses used the least learning strategies and showed the lowest level of educational satisfaction. The top three learning strategies influencing educational satisfaction were time management, collaborative strategies and self-directed strategies respectively. Self-expression strategy was not statistically significant as an influencing factor on educational satisfaction. Conclusion: The more learning strategies that are used, the higher the level of educational satisfaction as a whole. Further studies on how to increase student's educational satisfaction and a way to advance in learning strategies are recommended.
Effect of Family Function and Self-Efficacy on Suicidal Ideation in University Students
Kim, Hyo-Jeong ; Jung, Mi-Ae ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.043
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effect of family function and self-efficacy on suicidal ideation in university students. Method: The study was designed as a descriptive survey study. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire which included general characteristics, measures of family function, self-efficacy and suicidal ideation. Data collection was done between April 1 and April 30, 2009 with 569 university students. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Result: The score of family function showed a significantly negative correlation with suicidal ideation. The score of self-efficacy also showed a significantly negative correlation with suicidal ideation. Family function in university students was significantly influenced by gender. Family cohesion was significantly influenced by religion. Self-efficacy in university students was significantly influenced by gender and age. Suicidal ideation was significantly influenced by religion. Conclusion: The findings suggest that family function and self-efficacy influence suicidal ideation. A strategy for improving family function and self-efficacy should be identified to decrease suicidal ideation.
Comparison of Multi-Mode Simulation and SimMan
Simulation on Evaluation of Nursing Care for Patients with Dyspnea
Lee, Suk-Jeong ; Roh, Young-Sook ; Kim, Ju-Ok ; Jang, Kie-In ; Ryoo, Eon-Na ; Park, Young-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 51~60
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.051
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of nursing simulations between multi-mode simulation and
simulation on nursing students' nursing competency, satisfaction, and simulation participation experience in nursing care for patients with dyspnea. Method: Subjects were 107 junior nursing students in R College of Nursing in Seoul from June to November in 2009. Students were allocated to either a Multi-mode simulation group or a
simulation group. The multi-mode simulation consisted of standardized patients combined with Vital Sim, comparing the
group. Result: The Multi-mode simulation group reported higher levels of nursing competency (p=.017) but lower communication skills (p<.001) compared to the
simulation group. There were no meaningful differences in satisfaction of simulation education between the two groups. The
simulation group received a substantial health assessment and the Multi-mode simulation group experienced reality in caring for standardized patients. Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrated that Multi-mode simulation has similar educational effects like
simulation and suggest that nurse educators should match simulation fidelity with educational goals for effective education.
Understanding the Meaning of Happiness Expressed by Nursing Students through Collage Art Works: A Content Analysis
Jo, Kae-Hwa ; Kim, Yeong-Kyeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 61~71
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.061
Purpose: This study aims to understand the meaning of happiness among undergraduate nursing students through small group art works. Method: A qualitative study design was utilized. Data were collected from the students' clinical experiences and were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The texts were a collage and related essays written by 36 senior nursing students about the impressions on happiness through small group art works. Result: There were three categories and sixteen themes classified. The three categories that emerged were definitions of happiness, feelings about happiness, and attitudes toward happiness. First category includes seven themes: hope, youth, balance, values, life, self-consciousness and companionship. Second category includes five themes: pleasantness, joy, preciousness, conflict, and disappointment. The third category includes four themes: doing something to be happy internally, doing comprehensive nursing care as a professional nurse, understanding that physical splendor isn't requirement for happiness, and letting everyday life be faithful. Conclusion: The results of this study may affect the students‘ major in human service area of understanding about the nursing students’ genuine happiness or human flourishment.
The Meaning of Dignified Dying Perceived by Nursing Students
Jo, Kae-Hwa ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 72~82
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.072
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the meaning of dignified dying expressed by undergraduate nursing students. Method: Data were collected by in-depth interviews with fifteen nursing students. Conventional qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data. Result: There were six major themes and eleven sub-categories from the analysis. Six major themes include death with no artificial life support, obedient death as a human nature, death with family members, meaningful death, no self destructive death, and sympathized death receiving from health care providers. Conclusion: The result of this study suggests that the nursing curriculum related to dignified dying can be developed and may affect the teaching and learning settings to improve end-of-life care performance among undergraduate nursing students, as well as, students in human service areas and health care providers.
The Effect of Satisfaction in Major and Career Search Efficacy on Career Search Behavior in Nursing Students
Moon, Inn-Oh ; Lee, Gyoung-Wan ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 83~91
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.083
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of satisfaction in major and career search efficacy on nursing students' career search behavior. Method: Data were collected from 544 students by means of self reported questionnaires about satisfaction in major, career search efficacy and career search behavior from March 2 to April 5, 2010. Result: The average score of satisfaction in major, career search efficacy and career search behavior was 3.61, 3.37, and 2.39 respectively. There were positive correlations between satisfaction in major and career search behavior, between career search efficacy and career search behavior, and between satisfaction in major and career search efficacy. Satisfaction in major and career search efficacy were significant predictors of career search behavior. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop an effective intervention program to improve nursing student's satisfaction in major, career search efficacy and career search behavior.
A Study on Performance Level for Universal Precautions on Blood-Borne Infections among Nurses in Hospitals
An, Ji-Yeon ; Lee, Young-Mi ; Song, Jung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 92~100
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.092
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the cognition level and the performance level of universal precautions on blood-borne infections and to analyze related-factors on the performance level for universal precautions among the nurses. Method: A total of 166 nurses participated in the survey. We performed multiple linear regression to assess the related-factors on the performance level for universal precautions. Result: The mean scores of cognition and performance level for universal precautions were 65.61(
) and 53.98(
) respectively. The mean score of the cognition level was significantly lower than the performance level in all items. The cognition level was associated with the working field. The performance level was highest for nurses working over 36 years, nurses in university hospitals, and nurses in the operating room. The cognitive level for universal precautions, education level, exposure to blood-borne infection, family's income, and marital status significantly predicted the performance level for universal precautions in the multiple linear regression model (Adjusted
). Conclusion: The cognition level for universal precautions is the strongest predictor on the performance level for universal precautions. An integrated approach should incorporate training experiences to improve cognition and perception of risk on universal precautions for preventing blood-borne infections.
Nurses' Death Anxiety and Spirituality
Kim, Sook-Nam ; Choi, Soon-Ock ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 101~110
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.101
Purpose: This study was a descriptive research study that investigates nurses' beliefs concerning death anxiety and spirituality. Method: The subjects were 150 nurses working at general hospitals located in Busan city. Data collection was carried out from October 15 to November 30, 2008. The study used a 'Death Anxiety Scale' and a 'Korean Spirituality Scale.' The collected data was analyzed for frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with the SPSS/WIN 17.0. Result: The level of death anxiety of the subjects averaged 3.25. In each sub-factor, 'awareness of shortness of time' was the highest at 3.57 points. Spirituality level of the subjects averaged 3.51. In each sub-factor, meaning and purpose of life was the highest at 3.70 points. In differences of death anxiety followed by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to age, and educational level. For spirituality, followed by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to age, educational level, religion, working period, and understanding about death and spirituality. There was a weak inverse correlation among fear for accidents involved with death, total spirituality level and meaning, and purpose of life. Conclusion: Future research should examine relations between nurses' death anxiety and spirituality level through random sampling and research to check psychological and social variables that influence death anxiety and spirituality. Development of a program to lessen nurses' death anxiety and to raise their spirituality level would be prudent.
Correct Use of Inhalers in Patients with Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Lee, Jong-Kyung ; Yang, Young-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 111~120
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.111
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correct use of inhalers and to examine the patients characteristics affecting correct use of inhalers in patients with obstructive pulmonary disease. Method: Subjects were 280 patients with obstructive pulmonary disease who visited the internal pulmonary outpatient departments in 2 university hospitals in Korea. Inhaler use of each patient was assessed using a checklist recommended by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel. Result: Most subjects used a DPI or MDI. The overall mean score of correct use was 72.09. Most subjects responded they knew well how to use their inhalers. Most frequent error was 'not fully exhaling before inhalation'. A younger age, higher educational level, living with family, and awareness of inhaler use were significantly associated with correct use of inhalers. Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that most of patients were unable to use inhalers correctly even though they had prior educational experiences. Regular assessing of inhaler use and adequate inhaler education considering patients characteristics by nurses are needed.
The Effect of CPR Education in a Rural Community
Lee, Eun-Kyung ; Kim, Ok-Hyun ; Kim, Eun-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.121
Purpose: Bystander CPR has demonstrated improved survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of CPR education in the rural community. Method: One hundred eighty-nine rural laypersons (105 in the experimental group and 84 in the control group) participated in this study. In the experimental group, questionnaires were completed after participating in a small group BLS (Basic Life Support) course. In the control group questionnaires were collected from two rural health service centers. Data were analysed using
test, independent t-test and paired t-test. Result: There were significant differences in barriers to performing CPR, attitude and intention toward CPR and necessity recognition between the two groups. Conclusion: The proportion of positive attitudes toward CPR and willingness to perform CPR was higher in the experimental group than the control group. CPR education increased anxiety of being sued because of a bad outcome. For future CPR education for laypersons, the reluctance of bystanders to perform CPR should be reconsidered and CPR education should be extended to the rural community.
Scale Development: The Personal Power of Health Care (PPHC)
Lee, Eun-Hee ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; So, Ae-Young ; Smith-Stoner, Marilyn ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 129~139
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.129
Purpose: A new scale was developed to measure personal power and ability for health care and promotion including health determinants. Method: Research phases designed for this study were a literature review, scale development, discussion with experts, pre-test for content validity, and survey for construct validity and reliability. The scale was composed of 20 items on 4 point Likert scale and was tested on middle aged Korean-Americans (110) and Koreans (105) living in a community. Result: As the result of factor analysis, 7 dimensions were identified that were similar yet different from the original dimensions. They included health literacy, socialbelonging and gender role, self-perception, health policy participation, socio-cultural interpersonal relationships, spiritual comfort, and socioeconomic involvement. The total variances explained 59.73%. The reliability was .736 of Cronbach's alpha. The mean PPHC was not different in age, gender, economic status and disease presence, but significantly different in country where living, religion, education level, job presence, and emigration period. The increased power group perceived more wellbeing and less depression, high internal locus of control and increased power with others. In addition, they had a greater health promotion lifestyle profile. Conclusion: This scale was statistically reliable and valid to measure personal power of health care.
A Follow up Study for Elderly's Disabilities in Performing Activities of Daily Life (ADL) after Lumbar Spinal Surgery
Jun, Myung-Hee ; Jung, Ji-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 140~149
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.140
Purpose: This follow up study was performed to survey the problem in performing ADLs at home after surgery. Method: Twenty elderly patients were assessed 3 times; from the time of hospitalization for surgery until 3 weeks after discharge. Measuring tools are numeric rating scales (NRS) for pain and 3 questionnaires developed by the authors to measure difficulties in ambulation, performing indoor ADLs, and emotional status. Pearson correlation, variance analysis and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Result: The level of pain significantly decreased after surgery, but the difference between pain at the time of discharge and that of 3 weeks after discharge were not significant. Pain showed a positive relationship with emotional difficulties. Elderly with a higher education, family caregiver, and regular exercise showed a lower level of emotional difficulties. Conclusion: Comprehensive approaches for chronic pain including physical, psychological, and social aspects should be considered when caring for the elderly with spinal surgery. In addition, home care nursing interventions should include an exercise program to promote adaptation and rehabilitation after discharge.
Development, Application and Evaluation of the Evidence-based Nursing Practice Guideline for Hemodialysis in the Patients with Risk of Bleeding
Kim, Su-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 16, issue 1, 2010, Pages 150~155
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2010.16.1.150
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop evidence-based nursing practice guidelines for hemodialysis in the renal failure patients with risk of bleeding and to evaluate the guidelines by applying it to the practice. Method: Referring to the SIGN, the first draft for guidelines was developed based on the advices and recommendations obtained from the procedure of critical literature analysis. Then, the draft was modified by the procedures of the expert group evaluation and pilot application to the practice. The final draft was evaluated by the expert group using AGREE instrument. Result: The first draft of guidelines was developed through 8 stages of process and was evaluated by seven experts in terms of the appropriateness, applicability, and effectiveness using a 9 point scale. The mean score of 11 items was 7.90 or above. The quality of the final draft was evaluated by 5 experts using the AGREE instrument. The mean standard score was 73.0% or above in the 19 items. Conclusion: The clinical guidelines developed by this research can be utilized as systematic and scientific guidelines for hemodialysis in the renal failure patients with risk of bleeding. In addition, the research can contribute to improving care services.