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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Dec 2011
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Aug 2011
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Apr 2011
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The Effects of a Communication Training Program on Communication and Interpersonal Relationships of Nursing Students
Shin, Kyung-Ah ; Lee, Eun-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 149~158
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.149
Purpose: The present study was to examine the effects of a communication training program on nursing students' interpersonal communication and relationships. Methods: This study was quasi-experimental research using a non-equivalent pre-post design. The subjects were 40 sophomore nursing students who were divided into an experimental group of 20 members and a control group of 20 members. The communication training program consisted of 8 sessions of small group training and each session lasted 120 minutes. A pretest, posttest and follow-up test (6 months after the program was terminated) were conducted to measure Inter-personal Communication Inventory and Relationships Scale. Data was analyzed by
-test, independent t-test, paired t-test and Friedman test with SPSS. Results: The communication training program was very effective in enhancing the nursing students' communication and interpersonal abilities. Nursing students' communication ability in the experimental group, however, decreases after 6 months while there is no change in the control group. Nursing students' interpersonal relationships in the experimental group was maintained at the follow-up test. Conclusions: This study supports that a communication training program has a positive effect on improving the nursing students' communication skill and interpersonal relationships.
Moderating Effects of Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy in the Relationship between Professional Self-Concept and Satisfaction in their Major among Nursing Students
Kim, Myoung-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 159~167
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.159
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate moderating effects of self-esteem and self-efficacy in relationship between professional self-concept and satisfaction in their major among nursing students. Methods: Data was collected from 223 nursing students by means of a questionnaire. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression using the SPSS 12.0 program. Results: There was a significantly positive relationship between professional self-concept, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and satisfaction in their major. Self-esteem and self-efficacy showed moderating effects in professional self-concept and satisfaction in their major. Conclusion: This finding suggests the importance of moderating effects of self-esteem and self-efficacy to increase nursing student's professional self-concept and satisfaction in their major. Therefore, strategies should be developed in order to promote self-esteem, self-efficacy, and professional socialization for satisfaction in the nursing major.
Attitude toward Death in Nursing Students
Jung, Sun-Young ; Lee, Eun-Kyung ; Kim, Bo-Hye ; Park, Jin-Hwa ; Han, Min-Kyoung ; Kim, In-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 168~177
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.168
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude toward death in Korean nursing students. Method: The sample consisted of 365 baccalaureate nursing students. The questionnaires included questions on sociodemographics and death-related characteristics of the participants, and the Fear of Death and Dying Scale (FODS) to measure the attitude toward death. Result: The mean of the FODS score was 2.63 out of 4, so the participants had a slightly negative attitude toward death. There were statistically significant differences between gender, religion, religion activity, perceived health status, experience of parents' death, experience of friend's death, and overall FODS score. Among the four subscales of overall FODS, the score of the fear of death of self was significantly higher in the participants who experienced clinical practice and who experienced patient's death in the intensive care unit compared to the emergency room. Conclusion: Based on the study results, educational programs to change the attitude toward death are required before clinical practice. Programs need to consider nursing students' gender and religion, and give opportunity to share experiences and feelings about death of family or friend. In addition, using standardized patients and simulators is advised in the need for simulation training.
Perception of Undergraduate Nursing Students toward Happiness: A Q-Methodological Approach
Jo, Kae-Hwa ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 178~189
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.178
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze types of undergraduate nursing student's perception toward happiness. Method: The Q-methodology, which provides a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each item, was used. The 34 selected Q-statements from each of 41 subjects were classified into a shape of normal distribution using a 9 point scale. The collected data was analyzed using a QUANL PC program. Result: Four types of perception of happiness in Korean undergraduate nursing students were identified. Type I is a family support vs. emotion type, Type II is a self satisfaction vs. perception type, Type III is a relation oriented vs. action type, and Type IV is a self regulation vs. belief type. Conclusion: It can be concluded that obtaining happiness by pursuing a satisfactory life through creation of values can play an important role in happiness. Therefore, the results of this study suggest that the concept of happiness might be included in nursing curriculum.
Suicidal Ideation and Spirituality of College Students
Choi, Soon-Ock ; Kim, Sook-Nam ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 190~199
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.190
Purpose: This study was done to investigate suicidal ideation and spirituality of college students. Method: The participants were 295 college students located in Busan city and Kyung Nam Province. The study used a 'Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire' and a 'Korean Spirituality Scale'. The collected data was analyzed for t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Result: The level of suicidal ideation and spirituality of the participants averaged 1.73 and 3.44 respectively. In each sub-factor, meaning and purpose of life was the highest at 3.70 points. In differences of suicidal ideation and spirituality followed by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to gender, major, religion, and cohabitation. There were inverse correlations among suicidal ideation, spirituality level, connectedness, meaning and purpose of life, inner resources, and awareness. Suicidal ideation was significantly associated with major, spirituality level, connectedness, and meaning and purpose of life which explained 22% of variance in suicidal ideation. Conclusion: Future research should examine relations between college students' suicidal ideation and spirituality level through random sampling. Development of a program to lessen college students' suicidal ideation and to raise their spirituality level should be prudent.
Effects of Elderly Care Voluntary Program on Nursing College Students
Chung, Kwi-Ae ; Jang, Hee-Jung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 200~207
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.200
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an elderly care volunteer program for nursing students and to evaluate its effects. Method: An elderly care volunteer program was developed and then used with 77 nursing students for 6 months. Before and after the program, students responded with a questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and behavior toward the elderly. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test, t-test, and Repeated measure ANOVA. Result: The elderly care volunteer program significantly improved knowledge toward elderly between the experimental and control groups but not in attitude and behavior toward elderly. Conclusion: This study shows that the elderly care volunteer program was an effective service-learning program to improve knowledge toward elderly for nursing students.
The Experience of Service-Learning in Connection with the Major of Nursing
Kwon, Young-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 208~217
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.208
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of service-learning in connection with the major of nursing. Method: This is qualitative research based on the application of a focus-group research method and Glaser's grounded theory. The nine participants of the research participated in the process of developing a service-learning program to promote health in the elderly. They operated the program by acting as instructors for more than 12 months. Results: The basic socio-psychological problems hared by the participants of the research is 'burden'. The basic social process required to solve the problem is 'self-realization' which has been successively shown in the order of the stage of experiencing a surge of will, the stage of recognizing the occurrence of internal and external changes, the stage of being confident, and the stage of obtaining self-respect. Throughout the process, the participants solved 'burden' in a positive way through reflections and reciprocity, developing and strengthening their capabilities. Conclusion: Based on the results, it is necessary to consider the development of a service-learning program in connection with the nursing major in order to provide the students studying nursing with the opportunity to have various learning experiences.
Comparison of Factors affecting Clinical Competence between Associate and Bachelor Nursing Students Completed Nursing Courses
Lee, Eun-Ja ; Yi, Yeo-Jin ; Kim, Young-Sook ; Jo, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Hye-Soon ; Kim, Yun-Mi ; Park, Kwang-Hi ; Kim, Ji-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 218~225
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.218
Purpose: This study was to compare the influencing factors of clinical competence between associate and bachelor nursing students completing nursing courses. Method: The subjects were 429 students completing the nursing courses (172 bachelor course students, and 257 associate course students). The study design was cross sectional. Results: Bachelor students showed a significant higher score in clinical competence than associate students. There were significant influencing factors on clinical competence including critical thinking disposition, professional conduct, communication skill, theoretical education satisfaction, and practice education satisfaction. The strongest factor influencing clinical competence was critical thinking disposition. All the factors mentioned above explained 49% of clinical competence in associate courses, and 40.0% in bachelor courses excluding the factor of practice education satisfaction. The level of theoretical and practice education satisfaction of bachelor courses was significantly lower than associate. Conclusion: It is recommended that associate course nursing students should be encouraged in critical thinking disposition, professional conduct, and communication skill. Bachelor course nursing students should be encouraged in practical education including practical environments, instruction methods, and content for improving clinical competence.
Effect of Simulation-based Practice on Clinical Performance and Problem Solving Process for Nursing Students
Lee, Myeong-Sun ; Hahn, Suk-Won ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 226~234
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.226
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of a simulation-based practice on clinical performance and problem solving processes for nursing students. Method: The study used a one group pre-post test design. Students experienced a simulation-based practice that included team base learning, skill training, taking a high-fidelity simulation with SimMan 3G, and also being debriefed for 12 weeks (August 2010 to December 2010). The pre-test and post-test were conducted to compare the differences in knowledge, clinical nursing skills, and problem solving processes. Result: After students had received the simulation-based practice, they showed statistically significant higher knowledge (t=14.73, p<.001) and clinical nursing skills (t=15.47, p<.001) than before. However, there was no significant difference in the problem solving process score (t=1.53, p=.127). Conclusion: This study showed that knowledge and clinical nursing skills were significantly improved by the simulation-based practice. Further research would be required to identify how the problem solving process that uses simulation-based practice could be developed further.
An Evaluation of the Fundamental Nursing Practice in Clinical Settings by Triangulation Method
Kim, Chun-Mi ; Kim, Eun-Man ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 235~245
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.235
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effectiveness of fundamental nursing practices in clinical settings. Method: This study adopted the triangulation method. Using one group pre-post test design, this study identified differences in self efficacy between pre and post clinical practice. The study was also designed to describe the nursing student's experience of clinical practice by using content analysis Results: 1) All students experienced bedmaking, BST check, V/C check, positioning, transferring, assisting with moving and positioning, and ROM. Sixty percent of students experienced giving oral care, and forty percent experienced shampooing patient's hair. 2) While the mean score of self efficacy was 3.88 in the pre-test, it decreased to 3.76 in the post-test. They were statistically different from each other. 3) Seven categories were elicited from the result of content analysis on the nursing student's experience, which were 'ignorant stranger', 'facing the gap between theory and practice', 'resolving the uncertainty of clinical setting', 'getting used to fundamental nursing practice', 'motivated by a desire to study and self-development', 'understanding the nursing profession's job', and 'being helpful for the future career'. Conclusion: Fundamental nursing practice in clinical settings is a useful strategy that improves fundamental nursing skills and motivates student's self-development.
Directions of Simulation-Based Learning in Nursing Practice Education: A Systematic Review
Lim, Kyung-Choon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 246~256
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.246
Purpose: With the decrease in available clinical sites, a decrease in adequately prepared clinical faculty, and demand to prepare health care students to begin work, we need alternative methods to teach clinical skills for health care professionals. The use of simulation as an educational process that can replicate clinical practices is becoming popular in nursing. Therefore, this study was conducted to review directions of simulation-based learning in nursing education. Methods: A systematic review of quantitative studies was undertaken using Medline, KERIS, and KISS. The primary search terms were simulation and nursing. Reference lists from relevant papers and the websites of relevant nursing organizations were also searched. Nine studies met inclusion criteria and were analyzed in detail. Results: All studies reported simulation as a valid teaching/learning strategy. Six of the studies (66.7%) showed that simulation technology was a practical and successful model to use in teaching a variety of clinical skills for nursing students and nurses. Conclusion: Simulation may have some advantages over other teaching methods, depending on the scenario, context, topic, and method. Further study is needed to determine the effect of team size on learning and to develop a universal method of outcome measurement.
Nursing Experience of Caring for Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants
Kim, Hack-Sun ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ; Kim, Jung-Sook ; Lee, Joo-Hyun ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 257~266
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.257
Purpose: The aim of this study was to elucidate the themes involved in a nursing experience of caring for extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods: Interviews with 6 nurses in various positions and observations in a level III NICU were conducted. The transcribed interview contents and observational notes were reviewed to analyze the data and conceptualize major themes. Results: Three major themes were identified: the fears expressed by the nurses regarding taking care of ELBWIs, reasons for persistent fears, and overcoming fears and gaining intuition. Nurses were afraid of the following factors: the physical fragility of the infants; the possibility of developing disabilities in the future; and the rapid changes in infants' physical condition. These fears were reduced when nurses had developed intuition and confidence in taking care of ELBWIs through various situational experiences. Conclusion: NICU nurses may benefit from obtaining more opportunities to participate in various learning experiences with simulated nursing situations in a variety of patient groups. Applying knowledge and skills into various nursing situations in an integrative way may contribute to enhancing nurses' confidence in nursing practice.
Developing a Performance Appraisal Tool for Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Registered Nurses
Park, Kwang-Ok ; Lee, Yoon-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 267~276
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.267
Purpose: This study was done to develop a performance appraisal tool (PAT) for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) registered nurses (RNs). Methods: The PAT was developed in three steps: 1) a standard of NICU nursing was established; 2) a draft was made; and 3) the PAT was ratified and its reliability and validity were tested. Results: The standard of practice of NICU nursing was predominantly based on role description and responsibilities for nurses. We identified 4 domains of nursing: professional practice, education, research, and leadership. The validity score for each item ranged from 3.93 to 3.27. The PAT consisted of 76 indicators, 49 reflecting components of professional practice, 5 related to responsibility for education, 3 representing research, and 19 relating to leadership. Cronbach's
averaged 0.99 for the 76 items. Conclusions: The PAT for NICU RNs that we created was found to be reliable and valid. This PAT would be very useful in evaluating nursing performance and facilitate the professional growth of nurses.
Stress and Self Care Guideline Adherence in Students with Influenza A (H1N1)
Park, Jin-Hee ; Kang, Jeong-Hee ; Kim, In-Ja ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 277~286
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.277
Purpose: This study examined levels of stress and adherence to self care guidelines in elementary and middle school students who were infected with the influenza A (H1N1) virus in 2009. Method: A total of 649 students from J city participated in the survey. Stress was measured with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised which was developed by Weiss and Marmar (1997) and translated by Eun and colleagues (2005). Adherence to self care guidelines was measured with the scale developed by the authors based on the self care recommendations from Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Result: Levels of stress and adherence to self care guidelines were higher in elementary school students. However, the severity of participants' stress was less than moderate. The adherence level was significantly different depending on status of taking an antiviral agent, health education and self care education regarding the virus infection. Conclusion: Findings suggest that effects of health education under the national crisis situation due to influenza A (H1N1) virus pandemic were helpful. More in-depth study is needed to understand and to improve middle school students' self care behaviors.
Nursing Educational Needs for Discharge after Thyroid Cancer Surgery: Patients vs. Nurses
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 287~295
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.287
Purpose: This study was done to compare educational needs for discharge after thyroid cancer surgery between patients and nurses. Methods: The participants were 107 patients who had thyroid cancer surgery and 70 nurses who have had experience of taking care of patients with thyroid cancer surgery at P hospital in Busan. The researcher reviewed the literature and conducted a preliminary survey to develop a questionnaire. Results: Although there was no significant difference in total perceived nursing discharge educational needs after thyroid cancer surgery between patients and nurses, both had a high level of nursing educational needs for discharge. The degree of patients' needs was higher than nurses in areas of dietary management after discharge and the degree of nurses' needs was higher than patients in the other areas. Although the first ranking area of educational needs was medication management for both patients and nurses, dietary management after discharge was the second ranking for patients and operation site and complication management was those for nurses. Conclusions: As the patients had different educational needs from the nurses, nurses need to focus on the patient's educational needs and provide relevant information. Educational programs should be developed and applied to post-surgical thyroid cancer patients.
Educational Needs for Children and Parents Regarding Children's Cell Phone Use
Koo, Hyun-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 296~305
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.296
Purpose: This study was done to develop an educational needs scale for cell phone use, to investigate the scope of cell phone use in children and their parents' perception, and to compare the educational needs for children and parents regarding children's cell phone use. Method: The participants were 152 children and 152 parents in two cities. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires, and analyzed using the SPSS program. Result: Ten items regarding the educational needs for cell phone use were selected for the final scale, and categorized into 2 factors (cell phone use and cell phone addiction). The scope of cell phone use in children is different from their parents' perception. The educational needs of parents were higher than those of children. Conclusion: The findings indicate that the scope of cell phone use and the educational needs of children were different from their parents' perception and needs. Further research would be required to identify the educational needs for children and parents regarding children's cell phone use and related factors. In addition, development and effects of the educational programs for cell phone use in children and parents will be required.
A Study on Health Promotion Lifestyles between College Nursing Students Who Live with Parents and Self-Boarding
Yoo, Kyung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2011, Pages 306~316
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.306
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare health promotion lifestyles of college nursing students between students who live with their parents and students who are self-boarders. Methods: The sample consisted of 375 college nursing students in C and S city. Self report questionnaires were used to measure the variables. In data analysis, the SPSSWIN 18.0 program was utilized for descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean score for Health Promotion Lifestyle in living with the parents group was significantly higher than that of the self-boarders group (t=-2.16, p=.031). In multiple regression, perceived health state, exercise frequency, self-rated knowledge about health, and grade were significant predictors of Health Promotion Lifestyle in college nursing students, explaining 26.3%. Conclusion: This study suggests that perceived health state, exercise frequency, and self-rated knowledge about health, and grade are significant influencing factors in Health Promotion Lifestyle in college nursing students. Therefore, strategies which improve these variables must be developed for college nursing students.