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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Dec 2011
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Aug 2011
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Apr 2011
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Critical thinking disposition, stress of clinical practice and clinical competence of nursing students
Kim, In-Sook ; Jang, Youn-Kyoung ; Park, Su-Ho ; Song, So-Hyeon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 337~345
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.337
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship among Critical Thinking Disposition (CTD), stress of clinical practice and clinical competence in Korean nursing students. Methods: Participants were 407 baccalaureate nursing students (3rd and 4th grades) in Korea. Variables included CTD, stress of clinical practice, clinical competence, and demographic variables. Data was analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression. Results: Clinical competence positively correlated with CTD, but negatively correlated with stress of clinical practice. The regression model explained 25.6% of clinical competence. The significant predictors of clinical competence were intellectual eagerness, intellectual fairness in CTD, conflict with patients, and clinical environment in stress of clinical practice. Conclusions: CTD and stress of clinical practice contribute to nursing student's clinical competence. Therefore, efforts to encourage nursing student's CTD, increase stress management skills, especially in conflict with patients, and build a supportive clinical environment should be made to strengthen clinical competence.
Effects of Evidence Based Practice Integrated Critical Care Clinical Practicum
Park, Myong-Hwa ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 346~354
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.346
Purpose: This study examines the effects of integrating Evidence Based Practice (EBP) into a critical care clinical practicum on nursing students' access and use of information resources and EBP competency. Methods: A one-group pretest-posttest design was used. Fifty senior nursing school students from a university participated. A critical care clinical practicum combined with EBP consisted of six full days of clinical practicum in intensive care units with EBP education. Group and individual training in EBP skills, lectures, small group discussion and conferences were provided. Data were analyzed using paired t tests for 50 participants. Results: The scores of evidence based practice competency increased significantly (p<.001) showing significant improvement in searching and classifying the evidence. Nursing students' access and use of research evidence improved (p=.004). Conclusion: This study showed that the integration of EBP into a clinical practicum was effective in improving accessibility and usefulness in research evidence such as guidelines and research articles, and increasing EBP competency in undergraduate students.
Learning style, Learning attitude, and Self-directed Learning ability in Nursing Students
Ha, Ju-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 355~364
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.355
Purpose: This study was designed to explore the influencing factors on self-directed learning ability of nursing students and to investigate the relationship between learning style, learning attitude, and self-directed learning ability. Methods: The study sample was composed of 263 nursing students. Data were collected from March 8th to April 7th, 2011 using a questionnaire which included Kolb's learning style inventory, learning attitude inventory, and self-directed learning ability inventory. Results: Learning styles of the subjects were assimilator 33.8%, converger 31.9%, accommodator 24.7%, and diverger 9.5%. There was no significant difference in learning styles among grades. However, the total mean score of learning attitude (F=8.30, p<.001) and self-directed learning ability (F=2.85, p=.038) significantly differed among grades. Learning attitude positively correlated to self-directed learning ability (r=.62, p<.001). Learning attitude was the most significant predictor and accounted for 36.5% of the variance in self-directed leaning ability in nursing students. Conclusion: It is important for students to use all four learning styles rather than to rely solely on one style. There should be more emphasis placed on the development of positive learning attitude and self-directed learning ability of nursing students.
The Effect of Ego-resilience, Stress Coping Styles, Teaching, Effectiveness, and Family Support on Satisfaction of Clinical Practice in Nursing Students by AMOS Structural Equation Model
Park, Wan-Ju ; Han, Ji-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 365~375
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.365
Purpose: This study aimedto develop a structural equation model on the relationship among ego-resilience, and teaching effectiveness on clinical education, stress coping style, perceived family support, and satisfaction of clinical practice in nursing students in order to increase the satisfaction of clinical practice. Methods: The subjects were 399 undergraduate nursing students enrolled in 7 universities and participating in 10 clinical practice setting areas in 5 cities in South Korea. The research was conducted from December 5th, 2009 to February 20th, 2010. The structural equation model was used to perform the analysis with the statistics program of SPSS win 17.0 and AMOS 5.0. Results: Teaching effectiveness and family support showed a direct effect on satisfaction of clinical practice, while ego-resilience and stress coping styles showed an indirect effect. The biggest total effect on satisfaction of clinical practice was teaching effectiveness followed by family support, ego-resilience, and stress coping styles respectively, which accounted for 50.9%. Conclusion: Based on outcomes of this study, the proposed model allows better understanding of the satisfaction of clinical practice. This result implies that strategies or intervention programs enhancing extrinsic protection factors, motivation factors, and intrinsic protection factors should be considered. In addition, a structural support system for increasing the satisfaction level of clinical practice in nursing students should also be considered.
Importance and Usability Analysis of the Oriental Nursing Educational Program
Lee, Ji-A ; Lee, Hye-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 376~386
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.376
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the importance and usability of the curriculum of the oriental nursing educational program among clinical nurses who completed the program. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. Data were collected from March 1, 2010 to April 25, 2010 from 68 oriental or allied hospital nurses who completed the oriental nursing educational program. A70-item questionnaire of importance and usability of the program curriculum and as an instrument of knowledge of oriental nursing were used. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The majority of participants (69.1%) experienced difficulties in clinical practice due to lack of oriental nursing knowledge and skill. In knowledge of oriental nursing, meridian points had the most negative responses (51.5%), followed by oriental documentation (42.7%) and oriental herbal medicine (20.6%). The highest ranked course in importance was oriental fundamental nursing with clinical practicum in usability. The scores of usability items were significantly lower than those of importance items. Conclusion: This study suggests that the clinical job description and role of oriental nurses should be organized. The oriental nursing educational program needs to include more unique clinical nursing content.
The Influence of Self-directed Learning ＆ Critical Thinking Disposition on Clinical Competence in Nursing Students
Kwon, Mal-Suk ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 387~394
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.387
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate self-directed learning and critical thinking disposition which influence clinical competence in nursing students. Method: As a descriptive study, a total of 271 third year students were recruited from a nursing college in Daegu. A structured questionnaire was self-administered from June 7, 2011 to June 10, 2011. The data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN version 12. Results: In self-directed learning, there were significant differences in gender (t=2.26, p=.025), satisfaction of major (F=7.77, p=.001), and satisfaction of clinical experience (F=10.39, p<.001). Critical thinking disposition differed in gender (t=2.82, p=.005). Moreover gender (t=4.00, p<.001), satisfaction of achievement (F=6.50, p=.002), satisfaction of major (F=4.24, p=.015), and satisfaction of clinical experience (F=9.54, p<.001) differed with clinical competence. Clinical competence was positively related to self-directed learning (r=.45, p<.001) and critical thinking disposition (r=.51, p<.001). According to the result of multiple regression, critical thinking disposition (t=5.80, p<.001), satisfaction of achievement (t=3.33, p=.001), gender (t=2.93, p=.004) and self-directed learning (t=2.35, p=.019) were significant factors of clinical competence explaining 33.0% of the variances. Conclusion: Critical thinking disposition, satisfaction of clinical experience, gender and self-directed learning had a positive effect on clinical competence in nursing students. To enhance clinical competence for nursing students, it is necessary to develop self-learning teaching strategy and curriculum.
Analysis of research papers using movies in nursing education
Oh, Jin-A ; Im, Mi-Hae ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 395~404
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.395
Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to analyze research papers using movies and to introduce a practical instruction in cinema education for nurse educators in Korea. Method: The computerized database of PubMed, Google scholar, NDSL, CINAHL, and PsychINFO were used to generate relevant literature. Sixteen studies were published between 1990 and 2011 and were included in this review. These papers were analyzed using the matrix method suggested by Garrad (2007). Results: The first paper using movies in nursing education was performed in 1995. There were 16 studies on this issue and classified into one qualitative and 15 quantitative research. Because psychiatric mental health nursing was the main course, movies relating to mental illness were mainly considered. Most papers used questionnaires developed by researchers and discussions regarding the course. The key findings in these papers were all positive. Conclusion: The critics and syntheses in these papers emerged into seven overarching merits of cinema education and that lead to conduct cinema education to deepen students' understanding and to evoke empathy, critical thinking, entertainment, and intimacy. In addition, cinema education was safe and economical. This study recommends discovering suitable films and developments in both instruction process and educational evaluation tools.
Nursing Students' Attitude to Death, Death-related Education Experience and Educational Needs
Kim, Soon-Hee ; Kim, Dong-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 405~413
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.405
Purpose: This study was to investigate nursing students' attitude to death, death-related education experience and educational needs. Methods: The participants of this study were 1,134 nursing students' studying in three universities in Gyeonsangnam-do. Data collection was carried out from October 1st to November 31st, 2010. The collected data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Sheffe test using PASW Statistics 18.0. Results: The level of attitude to death of the subjects averaged 2.60. The item receiving the lowest score was 'I am not afraid of a long, slow death'. Approximately 62.0% of the nursing students' had no death-related education experience and 89.8% of those answered that death-related education was necessary. For attitude to death followed by general characteristics, death-related education experience and educational needs, there were significant differences in attitude to death according to gender, religion, perceived health status, worrying about problems, motivation of nursing, and an experience with death. Conclusion: As nursing students' have a high educational need university curriculum development and educational programs addressing death should be developed and applied to nursing students.
Analysis of Curriculum of 4- year Nursing Schools
Kim, Mi-Won ; Park, Jeong-Mo ; Han, Ae-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 414~423
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.414
Purpose: This study was performed to identify the present status of graduate nursing curriculum in Korea, so as to provide basic data for improving nursing education. Methods: In order to analyze the present nursing curriculum, data were collected from the home page of 81 nursing colleges in Korea. The subjects and credits of nursing curriculum were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The total graduate credits were 137.6, credits of general education were 31.4 and nursing major courses were 96.5 credits. The credits of nursing major courses were as follows: 'basic science for nursing' was 22.0 credits, 'basic nursing' was 11.9 credits, 'subjects having same name with nursing license examination' were 66.9 credits and 'other nursing subjects' were 11.9 credits. These results showed that the credits of general education and nursing major courses were decreased while the subjects and credits related to the courses for nursing license examination have not changed compared with the past. Conclusion: Considering the change of social needs and nursing student character, it is necessary to improve the nursing curriculum. We suggest that further research to facilitate nursing curriculum development and adapting to social change should be undertaken.
Analysis of the Communication Education in the Undergraduate Nursing Curriculum of Korea
Son, Haeng-Mi ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Koh, Moon-Hee ; Yu, Su-Jeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 424~432
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.424
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the current conditions with communication-related education in the nursing undergraduate curriculum, and to develop effective strategies for communication education. Methods: We collected 48 syllabi of communication-related courses from the nursing college or nursing department of a university and analyzed the syllabi using the content analysis method. Results: First, in the knowledge domain, 'Theories of communication', 'Characteristics of human relationship, understanding the importance, and building philosophical foundations' were covered. Second, the skill domain covered 'Application of communication for nursing care' as a main concept. Third, 'Building human relationships for nursing care' was mainly covered in the attitude domain. On the other hand, topics and content were different depending on instructors. Although the courses covered the same educational content, they were categorized under different names and concepts. Conclusion: These findings have implications for how to standardize a communication course in the nursing curriculum.
Development of Creativity Integrated Problem-Based Learning Model for Nursing Education
Kang, So-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 433~443
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.433
Purpose: This study aimed at (a) developing an instructional model of creative thinking education on the problem-based learning method (C-PBL) in undergraduate nursing curriculum at one University, and (b) examining its effect on nursing students' level of creativity and outcomes from problem-based learning. Methods: The C-PBL model was implemented on 43 juniors of the experimental group with a 30 hour-nursing class during one semester. The control group, with 54 seniors, received 4 hours of problem based learning training in an adult nursing class. Pre-and post-tests were done with the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking for creative thinking ability, the Integrated Creativity Instrument for creative motivation and attitudes, the Problem Solving Competency questionnaire, and the Self-Directed Learning Instrument. Results: The C-PBL model was developed using a caring situation scenario to solve nursing problems with 3 training steps of 'encountering a patient in a caring situation', 'exploring nursing knowledge', and 'designing creative caring beyond given knowledge'. Between the experimental group and the control group, there were significant differences in creativity (p<.010), problem-solving ability (p<.010), and self-directed ability (p<.010). Conclusion: This C-PBL method could contribute in increasing creative competency as well as problem-solving ability for nursing students.
Effects of the Enneagram Group Counseling Program on Self-esteem, Anxiety and Interpersonal Relationships in Nursing Students
Koo, Hyun-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 444~453
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.444
Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of the enneagram group counseling program on self-esteem, anxiety and interpersonal relationships in nursing students. Methods: The study was designed using a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants consisted of 52 nursing students (26 in the experimental group and 26 in the control group). Nursing students in the experiment group participated in the enneagram group counseling program. The data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 14.0 program. Results: The anxiety level of the experimental group decreased significantly from those in the control group. However, self-esteem and interpersonal relationships in the experimental group were not different from those in the control group. Conclusions: The enneagram group counseling program was effective in decreasing anxiety for nursing students.
Effects of a Hospice and Palliative Care Education Program Including Meaning in Life on Attitudes Toward End-of-Life Care and Meaning in Life Among Nursing College Students
Kim, Sook-Nam ; Kim, Hyun-Ju ; Choi, Soon-Ock ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 454~463
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.454
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a hospice and palliative care education program including meaning in life on attitudes to end-of-life care and meaning in life for nursing students. Methods: This study used a quasi-experimental and non- synchronized with a non-equivalent control group design. The experimental group (n=28) participated in a hospice and palliative care education program including meaning in life. The control group (n=28) participated only in a hospice and palliative care education program. The 30-hour course examined hospice and palliative nursing care and logotherapy. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire consisting of general characteristics, attitudes to end-of-life care, and meaning in life. Collected data were analyzed for frequency, percentage,
-test, and t-test using SPSS 19.0 WIN Program. Results: Scores for the attitude towards end-of-life care in the experimental group were significantly higher than in the control group. The meaning in life scores in the experimental group were significantly higher than in the control group. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the hospice and palliative care education program, including meaning in life, was effective in enhancing the attitude to end-of-life care and meaning in life among nursing students.
Analysis of Experimental Research Trends on Doctoral Dissertations in Nursing
Yoon, Heun-Keung ; Kim, Hee-Soon ; Yun, Hyun-Jung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 464~477
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.464
Purposes: The purpose of this study was to identify recent trends of experimental research by analyzing doctoral dissertations in all colleges of nursing in Korea. Methods: The areas of research, the content, methodological and intervention characteristics used in this study were explored in experimental research on doctoral dissertations (n=132) published from 2006 to 2010. Results: In the issues of research, practice/clinical issues were most frequently used. As to outcome measurement, physiological variables increased more than psychological/emotional variables. Most theory applied in the research was taken from other disciplines, and nursing theory was only Roy's adaptation theory. A large majority of the research was quasi-experimental designs and the number of true-experimental designs was very low. In more than half of the dissertations, internal validity was not described, and the described external validity rate was very low. There were more single intervention programs than bundle ones and education/exercise programs were most frequently used as the source of intervention. Conclusion: Doctoral dissertations need to increase and encourage more high quality experimental research to expand nursing knowledge and to develop evidence based nursing practice.
Development of Guidebook for Teachers about Coping Behavior Education to Emergency Situations for Elementary School Students
Kang, Kyung-Ah ; Kim, Shin-Jeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 478~486
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.478
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a guidebook for teachers about coping behavior education in emergency situations for elementary school students. Method: Dick and Carey's teaching model (1996) and Keller's ARCS theory (1985) was applied to develop this guidebook. Results: The contents consist of subjects, reference materials for teachers, a case study, and worksheets for students. The contents of the 5 units are as follows: 1)Identifying a dangerous situation around the school area and in school, 2)Coping tips in dangerous situations that can occur at school, 3)Prevention and coping method of sexual violence, 4)Coping method for natural disasters, and 5)First aid in emergency situations. The presented case study was a real case scenario and the worksheets contained various activities initiated by students. Conclusions: This guidebook can be an effective tool in coping education classes for emergency situations at elementary schools. The goal of the guideline book is reach as many elementary schools as possible.
Development and Evaluation of a Finding Meaning in Life CD Program for Life-esteemed Education of Older School-age Children
Kang, Kyung-Ah ; Kim, Shin-Jeong ; Song, Mi-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 487~500
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.487
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a finding meaning in life CD program about life-esteemed education and to identify the effect of the program. Methods: The life-esteemed education philosophy and the concepts of logotherapy were applied as a theoretical framework for this program. This program was developed through the process of planning, designing, developing, and evaluating with a content validity test. To identify the effect of the program, one experimental group design was applied to 54 students. Data were collected before the program started and one week and five weeks after the program finished. Results: The program was developed based on the students' needs and evaluation of the CD's content and consists of five periods: Dinosaur Park of Promise, Hill of Fragrance, Garden of Love, Forest of Acceptance, and My Lake. Each post-test score of knowledge, attitude, and practice on meaning of life was significantly higher than pretest scores. Conclusion: This program can be effective for life-esteemed education in elementary school students. Moreover, it is encouraged that the program will be utilized in more life-esteemed education for elementary school students.
A Prediction Model on Adaptation to University Life among Chinese International Students in Korea
Lin, Qin Lan ; Kim, Hee-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 501~513
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.501
Purpose: On the basis of the theoretical framework of a combination of Roy's adaptation theory and Lazarus & Folkman's theory of stress - appraise coping, the purpose of this study was to predict effect factors of adaptation to university life of Chinese international students in Korea. After this, a model of adaptation to university life of Chinese international students in Korea was constructed. Methods: A questionnaire was used to survey 369 Chinese international students from one university in Korea, which was analyzed by using PASW Statistics 18.0 and LISREL 8.7. Results: This theoretical model explained adaptation to university life of Chinese international students at 75.0% in Korea. Physical symptoms, loneliness, acculturation stress and self-efficacy directly affected the adaptation to university life. Korean language proficiency indirectly affected adaptation to university life through self-efficacy. Conclusion: Results of this study provided theoretical basis for the future health care of university- centered health centers. For improving adaptation to university life of Chinese international students in Korea, education and nursing measures for reducing physical symptoms, loneliness and acculturation stress, and improving Korean language proficiency and self-efficacy are proposed for further research and development.
Influences of Acculturative Stress and Social Support on Subjective Quality of Life among Chinese Students in Korea
Lee, Kyu-Eun ; Yom, Young-Hee ; Chang, Hae-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 514~523
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.514
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting the subjective quality of life among college students from China. Methods: The research design was a descriptive survey design using convenience sampling. Data was collected by using a self-questionnaire completed by 304 Chinese students located in three cities, namely, Seoul, Gangneung, and Seosan. ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS Win 12.0 Program were used to analyze the data. Results: The average score on subjective quality of life was
. There were significant differences in the subjective quality of life according to length of stay, type of program, and health status. The subjective quality of life had significant negative correlation with acculturative stress and positive correlation with social support. The explained variance for the subjective quality of life was 51.5%. Variables on health status, guilt feelings, other acculturative stress, and social support significantly predicted the degree on subjective quality of life. Conclusion: Findings on this study provide a comprehensive understanding on the subjective quality of life and related factors for Chinese students in Korea. However, further studies with a larger random sample and more detailed research design is necessary.
Models of Genetic Counseling Services and Quality Assurance: A Theoretical Inquiry
Jun, Myung-Hee ; Anderson, Gwen ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 524~535
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.524
Affecting Factors of Nursing Professionalism Perceived by Senior Nursing Students
Ham, Youn-Suk ; Kim, Hwa-Soon ; Cho, In-Sook ; Lim, Ji-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 17, issue 3, 2011, Pages 536~544
DOI : 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.3.536
Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate the level of nursing professionalism and influencing factors of professionalism in nursing students. Method: A convenience sample of 207 subjects were recruited from two universities in I city and one university in S city. The subject for this survey were senior students who finished all clinical practicum to be done before graduation. Results: The mean scores of the nursing professionalism and the satisfaction with clinical practice were 3.43 and 3.28 individually. The mean of self-efficacy and image of nurses were 3.60 and 3.71 individually. Mean of major satisfaction score was 3.88. There were significant correlations among nursing professionalism, satisfaction with clinical practice, self-efficacy, image of nurses and major satisfaction. The most strong factor affecting nursing professionalism was the image of nurses and accounted 52.0 percentage of the variance. Sixty point one percentage of the variance was explained by image of nurses, major satisfaction, religion and satisfaction with clinical practice. Conclusion: To make students have more positive nursing professionalism, strategies enhancing the positive nurse image, clinical satisfaction, and major satisfaction need to be developed during school years.