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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 19, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Proposed Rubrics Simulation Education Effect on Nursing Student's Academic Achievement
Kim, Hae-Ran ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 487~497
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.487
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a rubric for simulation education and to evaluate this rubric's effect on academic achievement of nursing students. Methods: The rubric was developed through nursing expert's and student's negotiation. Content validity was verified. The participants were 144 undergraduate nursing students recruited from the one university in G city. The participants were given the simulation education for 15 weeks from July, 2011 through December, 2012.[LAB1] The rubric was presented to the experimental group before the course began but was not presented to the control group. The data were analyzed by t-test,
-test with SPSS win 17.0 program. Results: The simulation education rubric was to improve academic achievement. Looking at the results it significantly improved nursing competence and knowledge. Conclusion: The rubric had a positive effect on academic achievement. A rubric with a high reliability and validity in a number of areas needs to be developed, and there is a need to develop a standardized rubric for simulation education.
A study on Aging Knowledge, Attitudes and Awareness about Supporting the Aged in Undergraduate Students
Yang, Ya Ki ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 498~507
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.498
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of aging knowledge, attitudes and awareness about supporting the aged in undergraduate students. Method: The participants were 385 undergraduate students in H University in G city. Data were collected from March 1 to April 30, 2012, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: The mean of the aging knowledge score was 51.40, the mean of aging attitudes score was 3.06, and the mean of awareness about supporting the aged score was 4.11. Awareness about supporting the aged showed a positive correlation with aging knowledge (r=.299, p<.001). Awareness about supporting the aged showed a positive correlation with aging attitudes (r=.244, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a need to develop programs for undergraduate students to increase correct aging knowledge, to encourage appropriate aging attitudes and awareness about supporting the aged. In addition, the need for further studies to examine effects of programs are needed.
The CPR Educational Program Effect of Infant CPR Immediate Remediation for Child Care Teachers
Kim, Il Ok ; Shin, Sun Hwa ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 508~517
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.508
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of infant CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) immediate remediation[LAB2]. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent comparison group pre-post test design. Participants were 73 child care teachers in J district in Seoul. The experimental group (35) received immediate remediation with video learning [LAB3]for infant CPR education and the control group (38) received video learning only. We investigated confidence of infant CPR and tested single-rescuer infant CPR performance depending on a checklist (8 items). Data were collected before and right after to evaluate the confidence of infant CPR and before, right after and 2 weeks after the education to evaluate the skill performance and final acceptance. Results: There was a significant increase in confidence of infant CPR in the experimental group and control group. There was a statistically significant difference in the degree of skill performance between groups according to the amount time (F=10.58, p<.001). The degree of skill performance was tested two weeks after the education and immediate remediation was 5.35 times more effective compared to the video image demonstration (B=1.677, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings provide the necessity of immediate remediation education of infant CPR to increase confidence and skill performance ability.
Contents Analysis of Sexual Abuse Recognized by Elementary School Students
Kim, Shin-Jeong ; Park, Sun-Jung ; Kim, Sung-Hee ; Kang, Kyung-Ah ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 518~530
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.518
Purpose: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data to develop sexual abuse prevention educational programs for elementary school students. Method: Ninety three third, fourth, fifth, and sixth grade elementary school students were interviewed for content analysis on sexual abuse. Results: The content recognized by elementary school students about sexual abuse was as follows: 1) The concepts of sexual abuse were 'compulsory contact', 'harassment', 'school violence', 'pornography', 'unpleasant sexual behavior' 'crime', and 'don't know'. 2) The causes of sexual abuse were 'intolerance of impulse', 'play', 'bullying', 'financial needs', 'home education and the environment', 'negligence of the victim', and 'don't know'. 3) The methods how to prevent and deal with sexual abuse were 'sexual education', 'avoidance of danger', 'protection', 'self-assertion', 'treat with kindness', 'strengthening of penalties', 'asking for help and notification', 'report', 'treatment and counselling', 'escaping', and 'don't know' 4) Educational needs for prevention of sexual abuse were 'more detailed sexual abuse prevention education', 'how to recognize sexual abuse', 'how to protect oneself', 'interpersonal relationship', 'practical education', and 'none'. Conclusion: These results suggest that based on elementary school students' recognition of sexual abuse, a sexual abuse prevention educational program and content should be organized.
Knowledge, Health Belief, and Preventive Behavioral Intention related to Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) of the Patients with Lower Limb Musculoskeletal System Disorders
Yang, Hye Jin ; Kang, Hee-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 531~541
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.531
Purpose: This study was done to examine the relationship among knowledge, health belief, and preventitive behavioral intention related to venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with lower-limb musculoskeletal disorders. Methods: This transversal descriptive study looked at 145 adult patients with lower-limb musculoskeletal disorders, who were hospitalized in C hospital in G city. Data were collected from September 29 to October 6, 2012. Knowledge, health belief and preventitive behavioral intention were measured by structured questionnaires. Date were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, and Pearson correlation, using the SPSS program. Results: The mean score of knowledge related to VTE was low. The mean scores of health belief and preventitive behavioral intention related to VTE were moderate or higher than average. Preventitive behavioral intention positively correlated with knowledge, perceived benefit, and health motivation. Whereas, there was a negative correlation between preventitive behavioral intention and perceived barriers. Conclusion: These results suggest that developing a health care program which is able to enhance knowledge, perceived benefit, and health motivation related to VTE and reduce perceived barriers, is essential in order to promote preventitive behaviors.
Clinical Practice Performance According to Type of Practices and Satisfaction of Clinical Practice in Students at Child Health Nursing
Kim, Jisoo ; Lee, Ae-Ran ; Eo, Yongsook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 542~548
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.542
Purpose: This study was conducted to explore clinical practice performance according to type of practice in students in pediatric nursing and the relationship with satisfaction of clinical practice. Methods: The subjects consisted of 531 nursing students (307 at a pediatric ward and 224 at a nursery) from 5 colleges of nursing. Data collected from March to June 2012 were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, AVONA and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: Clinical practice performance on direct nursing activity was significantly different according to the course on pediatric nursing, grade point average, and satisfaction of nursing major. Observation practice was different according to type of college, the course on pediatric nursing, grade point average, duration of practice and clinical educator in the pediatric ward. In the nursery, direct nursing activity was significantly different according to the type of college, the course on pediatric nursing, hospital type, and duration of practice. Observation practice was different according to type of college, satisfaction of a nursing major, and the clinical educator. In addition, significant correlations were found between clinical practice performance and satisfaction of clinical practice. Conclusion: Our research can assist effective pediatric nursing practice planning for nursing students.
Influence of Self-directed Learning Ability and Creativity on College Adjustment in Nursing Students
Park, Hyeon-Sook ; Jeong, Kyung-Soon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 549~557
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.549
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-directed learning ability and creativity on college adjustment in nursing students. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 148 nursing students in October, 2010. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: A positive correlation was found for college adjustment with self-directed learning ability and creativity. Self-directed learning ability and major satisfaction were significant predictors of college adjustment. The model explained 44.1% of the valuables. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that self-directed learning be considered when developing strategies to increase college adjustment in nursing students.
Health Literacy: An Evolutionary Concept Analysis
Kim, Sungeun ; Oh, Jina ; Lee, Yunmi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 558~570
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.558
Purpose: In these days, the concept of health literacy becomes important because it is essential to have a clear grasp of patients' basic ability to understand health-care information. Therefore, we intended to discover attributes, antecedents and consequences of health literacy through contextual analysis. Method: Following Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis, we did a literary review. The databases KMBase, KoreaMed, Kstudy, NDSL, and RISS were searched for articles. Among published literature about health literacy, twenty articles which satisfied the inclusion criteria were chosen. Results: Health literacy consists of three attributes: information seeking, information understanding, and information utilizing. Furthermore antecedents are as follows: health status, health belief, socioeconomic status, and information quality. Finally, we were able to explain the consequences of health literacy by showing improvement of self-care and interaction, and a decrease of social costs. Conclusion: We expect this study to guide the direction of future studies, and as a concept analysis that examines the conceptual attributes in the context of health literacy. Based on the result of this study, the design of a standardized tool and the program of health literacy promotion education need to be developed.
Ego Resilience, Communication Ability and Problem-Solving Ability in Nursing Students
Ji, Eun Joo ; Bang, Mi Ran ; Jeon, Hye Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 571~579
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.571
Purpose: This study was done to identify the influences of ego resilience and communication ability on problem-solving ability in nursing students. Methods: The subjects consisted of 448 first and second year nursing students. The data were collected from June 10 to 21, 2013. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression with IBM SPSS Statistics version 19.0. Results: The Ego resilience score of subjects was 2.84 out of a perfect score of 4, the communication ability score of subjects was 3.51, and the problem-solving ability score of subjects was 3.44 out of a perfect score of 5. A positive correlation was found for problem-solving ability with ego resilience and communication ability. The strongest predictor of problem-solving ability was a communication ability. Conclusion: These findings indicate that there is a need to increase communication ability to improve the problem-solving ability of nursing students. The results should be reflected in the development of effective curricula.
Development of Educational Program for Cultural Competence in Nursing for Nursing Students and its Effects
Kim, Sun-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 580~593
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.580
Purpose: This study was conducted to develop and implement an educational program for cultural competence in nursing for nursing students, and to evaluate its effects on transcultural self-efficacy, intercultural communication competence, and state anxiety. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used with an experimental group (n=22) and a control group (n=27). Outcome variables were measured by transcultural self-efficacy, intercultural communication competence, and state anxiety before and after the program. The experimental group participated in an educational course for cultural competence in nursing for 14 weeks while the control group did not participate in any course. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact probability test, t-test, MANCOVA, and ANCOVA were performed to analyze the data. Results: The experimental group showed significantly higher posttest scores in the transcultural self-efficacy score (F=19.76, p<.001, partial
, observed power .99) and the intercultural communication competence score (F=17.56, p<.001, partial
, observed power .98) than that of the control group. The experimental group showed a significantly lower state anxiety score (F=5.30, p=.027, partial
, observed power .61) than that of the control group. Conclusions: This educational program was effective on nursing students' cultural competence. Therefore, it is suggested that this program be used for other nursing students. It is also necessary to evaluate its effects after a longer period.
A Study on Experience of Transition from New Clinical Nurse to Competent Step
Park, Kwang-Ok ; Kim, Jong Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 594~605
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.594
Purpose: This study aimed to describe nurses' experience in transition from new graduate nurses to professional clinical nursees in a hospital. Methods: Ten new clinical nurses working in a hospital participated in this study. Data collected through in-depth interviews were analyzed using phenomenology. Results: The analysis yielded five core category themes from new nurses for becoming a professional nurse: (a) beginning of hardship journey (b) feeling of inability in workplace (c) struggling hard to develop skills (d) enduring hardships by soothing oneself and peer support (e) beginning of an exciting journey. Conclusion: Over time, new nurses face many difficulties in transition to a professional status. To enhance the role development of new clinical nurses in hospital settings, nursing schools and clinical fields must teach and prepare them. Nursing schools should teach a strong theoretical base as well as nursing skills. In addition, in the clinical nursing department, education, teaching the integrated systems, staff development, support, evaluation, and feedback are needed for new nurses's development.
Effect of Critical Thinking Disposition on Emotional Regulation, Perceived Stress and Communication Competence among Nursing Students
Lee, Ji-Yun ; Lee, Yong-Mi ; Pak, So-Young ; Lee, Mi-Ja ; Jung, You-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 606~616
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.606
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of critical thinking disposition on emotional regulation, perceived stress and communication competence of students in nursing. Methods: A total of 362 students were recruited from two nursing colleges in C and S city. Data were collected by means of self reported questionnaires from December 1 to 15, 2012 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS 18.0. Results: A positive correlation was found between critical thinking disposition and seeking support emotional regulation, active emotional regulation and communication competence. A negative correlation was found between critical thinking disposition and perceived stress. Critical thinking disposition was the strongest predictor of seeking support emotional regulation, active emotional regulation, perceived stress and communication competence. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that to enhance positive emotional regulation and communication competence and to reduce stress for nursing students, it is necessary to develop a teaching program and curriculum for increasing critical thinking disposition.
The Effect of Core Competencies and Cognition of Job Competency of Their Senior Nurses on Work Performance in Hospital Nurses
Kim, Young-Soon ; Eo, Yong-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 617~626
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.617
Purpose: This study was to investigate the effect of nurses' core competencies and cognition of job competency of senior nurses on work performance. Methods: Three hundred two nurses participated in the study. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 20.0. Frequency, t-test, ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression were utilized. Results: The level of nurses' core competencies was 3.65 (
) points, cognition of job competency of senior nurses was 4.02 (
) points, and work performance was 4.04 (
) points. In accordance with the participant's general characteristics, work performance was found to be significant in their age, marital status, educational level, total clinical experience, length of time on the present ward, and their income. Cognition of job competency of senior nurses was found to be the most effective factor in work performance, followed by core competencies and total clinical experience, and these factors accounted for 63.4%. Conclusion: The study suggested that work performance was highly affected by the nurses' core competencies and cognition of job competency of senior nurses. Therefore, effective education programs are required to provide an appropriate experience to both entry-level and experienced nurses, as well as to help in enhancing nurses' and senior nurses competency at the same time.
Development & Evaluation of Web-Based Dating Violence Prevention Program for Middle School Students
Jung, Ha-Yun ; Min, Hye-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 627~639
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.627
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a dating violence prevention program for middle school students. Method: The development of a web-based dating violence prevention program proceeded through the stages of analysis, design, development, implement, and evaluation in addition to designing a randomized control group pre-post trial to test its effects. The effects of the program were analyzed using dating violence awareness, sex role, anger and aggression. Collected data was analyzed using SPSS 19.0. Result: We posted the results on our website (http://www.stopviolence.co.kr) to complete our web-based dating violence prevention program. The program was conducted as group education on a small scale for 90 minutes per session during 8 sessions in total. The Web-based dating violence prevention program was effective in increasing awareness of middle school students on the dating violence, changing sex role attitudes positively, and decreasing anger and aggression in trouble situations. Conclusion: We strongly recommend using this web-based dating violence prevention program to prevent dating violence.
Effects of Smoking Cessation Education for Male College Students
Kwon, Mi-Kyung ; Bang, Kyung-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 640~647
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.640
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of smoking cessation education using the transtheoretical model on the process of change, smoking temptation, decisional balance and stage change transition. Methods: A nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design was used for this study. The study population was 44 male college students in the experimental group and 66 students in the control group. Smoking cessation education was administered to the experimental group at one university. Descriptive analysis, t-test, and ANCOVA were used with the SPSS 19.0 program to analyze the data. Results: After providing a smoking cessation program, the experimental group showed significantly higher scores for self-efficacy for smoking cessation, process of change, and a lower score in decisional balance for pros of smoking and nicotine dependancy compared to the control group two weeks after the pre-test. However, no significant differences were found at four weeks after the pre-test. Conclusion: The findings indicate that this program could have a positive effect on process of change, decisional balance and stage transition for college student smokers.
Interpersonal Attachment Styles and Love Styles in Nursing Students
Ju, Sejin ; Jun, Won-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 648~655
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.648
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the level of interpersonal attachment styles and love styles and to identify the differences of love styles according to interpersonal attachment styles among nursing students. Methods: Data were collected from 510 nursing students using a self-report questionnaire and analyzed by frequencies, Fisher's exact test, t-test, and ANOVA using the SPSS program. Results: In terms of interpersonal attachment styles, secure style was the most prevalent, and fearful style was the second highest in nursing students. There were significant differences in interpersonal attachment styles between upper and lower level nursing students, indicating the highest rate of secure style in the lower grade and the highest rate of fearful style in the upper grade. In love styles, the mean scores for eros and pragma style in nursing students were significantly higher in the upper grade than the lower grade. Love styles according to interpersonal attachment styles showed a significant difference for eros style. Conclusion: Our results might help nursing educators increase their understanding of interpersonal attachment styles and love styles in nursing students and counsel nursing students in interpersonal and romantic relationships. In addition, educational programs addressing interpersonal attachment styles should be developed and applied to nursing students.
Effects of Family Nursing Practicum Using Role Play on Emotional Intelligence, Communication Ability, and Family Nursing Performance of Nursing Students
Park, Eunok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 656~662
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.656
Purpose: This study was to investigate the effects of a family nursing practicum using role play on emotional intelligence, communication ability, and family nursing performance of nursing students. Methods: Role play training was provided to nursing students who took a community health nursing practicum (family nursing practicum). During the course for 2 weeks, participants were given role play practice for four times and a final test using role play at the end of the course. Data were collected from 52 nursing students before and after the family nurse practicum who agreed to participate in this study. Results: The scores of emotional intelligence, communication ability, and family nursing performance at post test were enhanced significantly compared to the scores at pre test. Conclusion: Nursing educators in family nursing can consider role play to improve emotional intelligence and communication ability as well as family nursing performance.
An Identification Study on Core Nursing Competency
Park, Young Im ; Kim, Jeong Ah ; Ko, Ja-Kyung ; Chung, Myung Sill ; Bang, Kyung-Sook ; Choe, Myoung-Ae ; Yoo, Mi Soo ; Jang, Hye Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 663~674
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.663
Purpose: This study was to scrutinize not merely the nomenclature of clinical competency suggested in nursing literature but also what core clinical competency nursing students should be focused on for improving competency-based curriculum. Methods: A comprehensive review on 69 domestic and 89 foreign related literature was conducted. After reviewing the full text of a total of 158 articles, only 23 articles with measurement tools were selected for scrutinizing while 135 articles with obscure definitions of clinical competency were excluded. Results: Clinical competencies including 120 concepts were identified. Those concepts were categorized as 30 clinical competencies according to their similarities. Seven core clinical competencies including 1)nursing knowledge, 2)nursing skill, 3)interpersonal skill/cooperation, 4)problem-solving, 5)professionalism, 6)nursing management/leadership and 7)research ability were derived from the 30 clinical competencies through the categorizing process. Conclusion: Teaching & learning strategies should focus on the integration of nursing theories and clinical practices based on competency-based curriculum considering the 7 core clinical competencies. Nonetheless, they include somewhat abstract concepts and some were not concrete enough to be applied to the nursing curriculum. Thus, further research is needed in order to develop consensus-driven clinical competencies and competency modeling which can suggest the interrelation between the core competencies.
Reviewing Articles Related to Recent Advances in Non-invasive Prenatal Testing and Nursing Implications
Jun, Myunghee ; Shin, Gyeyoung ; Hur, Myung Haeng ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 675~683
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.675
Purpose: Nineteen articles were analyzed to gather opinions and nursing implications about NIPT recently launched. Methods: Nineteen articles were selected from EBSCO (eBook business collection), Google Scholar, and two Korean academic d-bases with key words 'prenatal screening testing', 'prenatal genetic diagnostic testing', NIPT or 'cell free DNA (cfDNA)'. Authors developed a framework for analyzing the 19 articles including opinions and suggestions for future implications. Results: Eleven articles written by the first author affiliated with medicine or genetics, viewed NIPT as promising because of safety, accuracy, early detectability and cost effectiveness. Articles written by journalists or authors affiliated with history and ethics were concerned with the possible risk of ELSI (ethical, legal, social issues), erratic interpretation of test results, and lack of genetic counseling service. Conclusion: With consideration of Korean clinical, and legal circumstances, not only pregnant women and families but also health professionals must prepare for clinical NIPT implications including updating prenatal genetic testing, counseling services, protecting ELSI and amulticultural team approach.
Effect of Distraction on Hospitalized Children's Fear of Hospital and Needle-related Pain
Cho, Su Mi ; Ahn, Hye Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 684~692
DOI : 10.5977/jkasne.2013.19.4.684
Purpose: This study attempted to discover the effects of distraction on the hospitalized children's fear of the hospital and needle-related pain. Methods: The experimental group was given visual stimulation using a character from the injection room entrance. In addition, the video recording of 'bambarabam' was provided for visual and auditory stimulation to distract the children. The research tools included the hospital-related fear scale, Faces Pain Rating Scale (Wong & Baker, 1988) and Procedure Behaviour Check List (Lebaron&Zeltzer, 1984). For statistical analysis, the SPSS 19.0 program was used on the collected data for
-test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The experimental group showed significantly less fear ofthe hospital compared to the control group (U=151.50, p=.024). The experimental group showed significantly lower pain on both Faces Pain Rating Scale (U=167.50, p=.043) and the Procedure Behaviour Check List (U=106.00, p=.001) compared to the control group. Conclusion: These results suggest that distraction was effective in reducing the child's fear of the hospital and injection pain.