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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1998
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 1998
Selecting the target year
The Study of the Recognition of Sexual Roles, the Demand of Sexual Education and the Consciousness of Sexual Education in the Korean teachers
Kim Young-Hae ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 131~146
The study was attempted and executed to reach the following conclusions. The period was May 1st through June 15th, 1998 and the subjects were 302 teachers consisting of School Nurses and general teachers in Pusan city. 1) The degrees of recognition of sexual roles by the subjects were compared as follows : The average point as to the recognition of sexual roles in the occupational functions by the school nurses was 2.41, higher than that of the general teachers. The average points as to the recognition of sexual roles in the attitudes by the school nurses was 2.28, higher than that of the general teachers. The average points as to the recognition of sexual roles in the abilitis was 2.26, higher than that of the general teachers. These ascertain that school nurses recognize the man has higher superities in the occupational functions, the attitudes and the abilities than the woman. 2) The degrees of demand of sexual education by the subjects were compared as follows : As to the degrees of demand of sexual education, the school nurses showed higher demand than the general teachers in the concepts such as 'the society and sexualities, physiology and actual education'. 3) The levels of the consciousness of sexual education by the subjects were compared as follows : the general teachers showed the more strict attitudes than the school nurses against the lascivious sex objects and wanted the punishment against the related students and the general teachers have myth. They claimed that their family have no relation with the sexual violence or pornography. As to the masturbation, the general teachers showed the more conservative attitudes. 4) The opinions by the subjects as to the well-qualified person in charge of sexual education in school were compared as follows : 77.3% of the school nurses, and 36.1% of the general teachers supported the school nurses.
The Effect of Music Therapy on the State Anxiety, Pain in Dental Patients
Kang Hee-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 147~158
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of music therapy on state anxiety, perception of pain of dental patients. The subjects consisted of forty patients undergoing dental treatment at one dental clinic. Twenty eight of them were assigned to the experimental group, while twelve subjects to the control group. The data were collected from June 29 to August 1, 1998 by means of a state anxiety scale (by Spielberger) questionnaire and visual analog scale for pain measurement. The data were analysed with
-test, t-test, and paired t-test. The results are as follows 1) There were no significant differences between the experimental and the control group on the post treatment the state anxiety score. However, in the experimental group, the state anxiety score decreased significantly after music therapy(t=3.19, p=0.003). In the control group, the state anxiety score did not decrease significantly(t=1.65, p=0.126). Especially, high score group on the state anxiety was found to be of significant differences in the experimental group (t=3.09, p=0.007). 2) There were no significant differences between the experimental and the control group on the post treatment perception of pain. However, after music therapy, the experimental group had a lower post treatment perception of pain than the control group. 3) After music therapy, subjective response of the experimental group was one of relative contentment. From these results, it is concluded that music therapy as a nursing intervention can be effective in decreasing anxiety in dental patients.
The Relationship Between Hope, Health Locus of Control & General Health of Nursing Students
Park Chun-Ja ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 159~171
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between hope, health locus of control and general health of nursing students. The subjects of this study were 161 female students of National Nursing School in Seoul. Data was collected through a questionnaire from May 11 to May 23, 1998. The tools used for this study were Hope scale developed by Miller and Power, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale developed by Wallston and Wallston and General Health Scale(Modified Conel Medical Index) developed by Nam Ho Chang. Data were analysed in an the
program using frequency for the demographic characteristics, 1-test and ANOVA for relationship between the variables and demographic characteristics and for it's differences of hope and general health control. Peason correlation coefficient for relationship between the 3 variables, hope, health locus of control, and general health. The results of this study were as follows ; The 1st hypothesis : that 'Between hope, health locus of control (HLC) and general health of nursing students will have positive relationship', was supported(=.2883, p=.000). The 2nd hypothesis; that 'The hope score of nursing students in HLC-internal group will be higher than others' was supported(F=5.22, p=.0063). The 3rd hypothesis ; that 'The general health of nursing students in HLC -internal group will be higher than others' was accepted(F=2.94, p=.0554). The 4th hypothesis ; that 'Hope, HLC and general health of nursing students according to demographic characteristics will be different ' was accepted in part. o In hope the more age, the higher score. o In HLC the group of non religious have higher score(t=-2.02, p=.045). o No experienced addmission was revealed HLC-internal group(t=-1.91, p=.058). o Non religious group has a tendency to dependent upon on powerful other person(t=-1.99, p=.049). o The hope score of nursing students was very high(4.49/6point). o The general health status of nursing students was vert good(92.88/114point). o Most of nursing students was in HLC-internal group(81.4%). o The most frequent complaints of nursing students was dizziness suddenly developed(68.4/114point), very nervous in small thing(67.83/114) and very nervous to others critics(68.4/114) in turn. In conclusion, the students who have high score of hope, in HLC-internal group have good general health. Hope inspiring not only makes one's good health but also makes others good health and powering hope. For good health person who are in HLC-internal group have powerful hope, keeping good health would be a good stretegy to change the student's HLC and make them good health and hope powering then it would be a good method to change the HLC to HLC-internal group.
Development of Clinical evaluation tool for Nursing Students
Sung Myung-Sook ; Jeong Geum-Hee ; Jang Hee-Jung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 172~186
This study is intended to develop a reliable and approproate instrument of the clinical nursing education. This research consisted of 4 step. First step is contruction of the content for evaluation. Second step have the research of the content validity by 10 professors in Department of Nursing, H University, the pilot study for the content validity by 20 professors and clinical preceptors, and the survey with four point Likert Scale, which includes from the point of 'strongly valid' to the point of 'strongly non-valid' by 250 professor and clinical preceptor. The data were collected form March 1998 to July 1998. This study was analyzed by Cronbach's for the reliability and the factor analyisis for the validity of the collected data. The third step showed the final evaluation instrument of clinical nursing education which consists a couple of tool. One is the evaluation instrument of clinical nursing which includes the 20 items, the other is the evaluation instrument for case study which includes the 15 items. The fourth step is the test of reliability and validity of the final evaluation too. The results from these step's study showed the higher reliability and validity. Respectly, Cronbach's revealed the evaluation instrument of clinical nursing and case study is Cronbach's
=.95602. For further research, it needs to develop a reliable and variable instrument of the students self-evaluation and community based instrument.
A Relationship between Burden of Clinical Nursing Instructor and Teaching Effectiveness
Son Haeng-Mi ; Kim Sook-Young ; Lee Hwa-In ; Jun Eun-Mi ; Han Shin-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 187~203
The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation between burden and teaching effectiveness on clinical nursing practice. The subjects were collected 135 clinical nurses who have taught nursing students and worked at hospitals which have over 400 beds in Seoul, Inchon, and Kyoung-gi Do. The instruments used in this study were : the burden on clinical nursing education was measured by Montgomery (1985) developed and visual analogue scale, and effectiveness of clinical instruction was measured by Reeve (1994) developed. The results of this study were as follows. 1) Seeing that the general characteristics of participants : average ages we 32.8 years old, 29.6% of them have Catholics in religions. 75.6% of them were graduated from 3-year nursing college. 20.7% of nurses are working at the surgery ward and I.C.U in each. Clinical nursing career is average 10.03 years, clinical instructional career is 5.22 years, and clinical teaching time is 5.26 hours in a day. Contents of clinical teaching were composed of basic nursing skills 80.7%, orientation 78.5%, inspection(making rounds) 71.9%. 2) The mean score of the burden on clinical nursing instructor was 2.42 by Montgomery's scale and 4.69 by the visual analogue scale. Theses scores represented that subjects were not affected burden highly. The mean score of leaching effectiveness on clinical nursing education was 3.47 and the almost items were found to have higher level. 3) There is no statistically significant differences in the burden according to general characteristics. And the teaching effective ness on clinical nursing education according to general characteristics regarding the age, job position, clinical career and clinical educational time were shown statistically significant differences. 4) There is a negative correlation between the burden and teachin effectiveness on clinical nursing education with a correlation efficient(r=-0.396, p<0.01). Further study is recommended to explore the meaning of burden experiences of clinical instructor deeply and to identify the correlation between the burden of clinical instructor and teaching effectiveness as the job position, and to analysis differences in teaching effectiveness as subcategories.
A Study on the Use of Instructional Media in Nursing Education
Yang Kwang-Ja ; Kong Eun-Suk ; Kim Keun-Kon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 204~219
The use of instructional media in nursing education was investigated using a descriptive research methodology. Data were collected from 199 professors teaching in the areas of Fundamental Nursing (48 subjects), Adult Nursing(56 subjects), Pediatric Nursing(49 subjects), and Community Health Nursing(46 subjects). 120 professors were from 3-year college of nursing and 79 professors were from 4-year college of nursing, Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation), and ANOVA with SPSS
program. The results are as follows. 1) The general attitude of the subjects toward the use of instructional media was positive(mean : 3.75). However, from the ANOVA result the subjects from 4-year college of nursing had more positive attitudes in the areas of media utilization and supply system. Most subjects had high interest in the areas of effectiveness of the media, and media literacy in using instructional media. 2) OHP(mean was 3.76) and VTR(mean was 3.36) were the most used instructional media in nursing education. These media were efficiently supplied by the school. However, other media like CD-ROM, Opaque Projector, and LCD or beam Projector were not sufficiently provided by the school. 3) The main reasons to use instructional media were that the use of media is effective to raise students' attention and learning motivation. 4) Insufficiency of the media and environment to use media were the causes of the lack of using instructional media. 5) The use of PC communication of internet, LCD or beam Projector, and Computer Graphics was low. The reasons were that the subjects did not have enough knowledge and skills to use these media, and there was lack of media or environment. 6) In general, environment to use media of the 3-year college of nursing was worse than that of 4-year college of nursing. However, there was no significant differences between the two groups in the use of media related to their position, and subject. On the basis of the study results professors teaching nursing have positive attitudes to use instructional media but the lack of media supply or facility to use media limited the use of instructional media.
The Development of Nursing Education Model and The Instrument for Improving Clinical Competence
Um Young-Rhan ; Suh Yeon-Ok ; Song Rha-Yun ; June Kyung-Ja ; Yoo Kyung-Hee ; Cho Nam-Ok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 220~235
The revolution of nursing curriculum has been focused on clinical competency for nursing graduates to flexibly respond to changes in societal health needs and disciplinary requirements. In this trend, the study was designed to identify basic concepts of nursing education that reflects the changes in societal needs and nursing discipline, and to develop the instrument to measure performance level in each dimension of clinical competency. The study was conducted in two phases. In phase 1, principal concepts consisted of nursing education were determined through literature review as well as series of discussion sessions on nursing philosophies and educational objectives among researchers. Though the process, the conceptual framework of competency based nursing curriculum was constructed with nursing process and professional role as horizontal threads, client, health needs, and nursing interventions as vertical threads. Then, items were developed to represent each dimension of competency : client and health need, nursing process, professional role, and nursing interventions. The total of 273 items were included as to represent clinical competency required for BSN graduates. In phase 2, questionnaires were distributed to nursing faculties of 41 BSN programs to validate the 273-item Instrument developed to measure competency. The total of 34 subjects returned the questionnaire with 81% of response rates. The subjects of the study had an average of 42 months of clinical experience and 13 years of education experience in various nursing areas with an age range of 30 to 52 years. The data were analyzed by utilizing SPSSWIN and the results are as follows. 1) The mean score of the nursing process dimension was supported most with the mean of 3.60(SD=0.32) compared to client and health need dimension(M=3.49, SD=.40), professional role(M=3.41, SD=.44), and nursing interventions(M=3.57, SD=.34). 2) The dimensions of competency were moderately correlated to each other with a range of r=.433 to r=.829, confirming that four dimensions of competency were related but distinct concepts. 3) The items of each dimension were analyzed based on its appropriateness. 'Assessing risk factors of the clients' were most highly supported in client and health need dimension. Most items of nursing process dimension were considered appropriate, while items related to efficient communication were well supported in professional role dimension. In nursing intervention dimension, items on basic nursing skills were highly supported while items on specific nursing interventions such as music therapy or art therapy were considered relatively inappropriate to competency for BSN graduates. The findings clearly showed that the current nursing education more emphasizes nursing interventions based on nursing process than other dimensions of competency. There is a need to reconceptualize nursing curriculum that is able to reflect more of nursing professional role and client/health need dimensions. Further research to validate the instrument by confirming competency dimensions of nursing graduates who are currently working at the hospital has been suggested.
A Study on Education Need and Effective Network Formation for the KNOU Nursing Students
Lee Sang-Mi ; Kim Young-Im ; Lee Sun-Ock ; Geon Hyo-Geon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 236~248
This survey study was attempted for two purposes : 1) to grasp Korea National Open University(KNOU) students' changing aspects for their education need through comparison analyses with 1996 data ; 2) to establish foundation of the systematic network formation by investgating students' opinion about network framework. Among randomly assigned 4,500 students, 1,505 KNOU nursing students who allowed to participate in the study completed the questionnaires. The data were collected by mail. For the comparison 1996 data were also used. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and t-test. Results of this study were as follows 1. The admission purposes of the KNOU nursing students were 'in order to get a bachelor's degree (70.7%)', 'to do studying and working simultaneously(43.0%)', or 'to be admitted for the graduate school (41%)' etc. Comparing the admission purposes by age, the investigator found 4 items which are 'small amount of tuition', 'graduate school admission', 'aspiration for the university', 'promotion or commencement of work' showed statistically significant differences. These 4 items were also found to show significant differences by marital status. 2. In relation to the learning media, the study showed most students(74%) got effective informations from the school newspaper(36.5%) or peer group(37.7%). The result showed that few students (0.7%) used the computer for communication. The research indicated that KNOU nursing students have tendency to rely on printed materials more than on broadcasting media. This is almost the same result as that of 1996. 3. The results revealed that 12.4% of the respondents had ever experienced unregistration or temporary withdrawal. The most common reason for the unregistration was 'due to family affairs or their job (71.3%)'. There were no change for this aspects with 1996. 4. As for the professors-students network formation. The result revealed that 38.5% students among respondents had heard of the network formation. 78.7% of respondents, however, positively responed that they would willingly participate in the networking if it is made. Especially the students showed much interest in 'the improvement for the understanding of study' and 'strengthening of the relations between professors and students'.
Analysis of Nursing Care Activities of Nursing Students in Clinical Experience
Lee Chung-Hee ; Sung Young-Hee ; Jung Yoen-Yi ; Kim Jung-Suk ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 249~263
The competence of newly graduated nurses is based on various clinical expriences gained when they were students. Therefore, instructors of nursing students, professors in nursing schools or directors in hospitals must play a critical role in assisting them to obtain various knowledge and experienced nursing skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate nursing care activities and nursing care hours practiced by nursing students in a general hospital. The subject students were total 214 nursing students, 2nd graders(sophomores) and 3rd graders(juniors) from 5 Junior Nursing Colleges in Seoul and they practiced at S general hospital to gain clinical experience. The data were collected for 4 days. The tools for this study were the direct nursing care activity list consisted of 15 nursing areas and the indirect nursing care activity list consisted of 9 nursing areas. The subject students were supposed to record their own score. The results of this study are ; 1. The nursing care hours per nursing student 1) The average total nursing care hours a day per each nursing student are 362.65 mins(6.04hr), the direct nursing care hours per each nursing stuent are 202.09 mins(direct nursing care rate 56.0%) and it is higher than the indirect nursing care hours, 159.75mins(indirect nursing care rate 44.0%). The direct nursing care rate of each student by a team approach in the evening shift(56.3%) is higher than that in the day shift(55.8%). 2) The hours of checking vital signs are the longest(47.35mins) among the direct nursing care activites and next is in order of counseling 8l emotional support, nurse rounds, and accompaning a patient during examination. The hours of reporting are the longest(32.39mins) among the indirect nursing care activites, and next is the activities related to education such as reviewing chart, looking up references, etc. 3) The freqency of checking vital signs practiced by nursing student is the highest(the average of 55.7 times) among the direct nursing care activities and next is in order of nurse rounds, assistance of feeding, and counseling & emotional support. The required time for nursing students to accompany their patient during examination is the longest(20.7mins) and next are in order of restriction on patient' activity, orientated by a head nurse, skin care, sitz bath, bathing & hair shampoo, and assisting with patients' exercise. 2. The nursing care hours per grader 1) The average hours of total nursing care per a nursing student are 369.2mins(6.2hrs) to 2nd graders, 355.9mins(5.9 hrs) to third graders. The direct nursing care rate per each nursing student to 3rd graders(59.3%) was higher than that to End graders(52.8%). 2) For 2nd graders, the highly marked nursing activities are teaching associated with direct nursing care activities such as drawing up papers, looking up references, reviewing charts, and being orientated by staff nurses. For 3rd graders, measurments, observations, and nurse rounds in indirect nursing care activities are taken highly 3) The most frequent practice of the nursing care activites is checking vital signs : 65 times to 3rd graders and 46.5 times to 2nd graders. Our suggestions based on the results of this study are : 1. It is recommanded to repeat the same designed study in a variety of clinical fields for further study. 2. It is recommanded to collect data not by self-record method but by observated method. 3. It is needed for nursing instructors in Nursing Schools and in hospitals to develop the guidelines and check-list of clinical practice courses.
Nursing Studets's Attitude of Induced Abortion
Chon Mi-Young ; Mun Mi-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 264~279
This study researches the attitudes of nursing students toward induced abortion. It aims to Identify the structure of subjectivity of nursing students toward induced abortion. As the research method, Q-statements were collected preliminary to the study through in-depth group talking, case study and literature review. For the study, 28 Q-statements were selected. There were 40 students as subjects for the research. The 40 students sorted the 28 statements using the principle of Forced Normal Distribution. The results of the study were as follows : Three attitude types toward induced abortion were derived from Q-Factor analysis by using PC Quanal Program. The first type is called qualified deontology type. The second type is called rational utility type. The third type is called self-centered utility type. 1) Qualified deontology type emphasizes the importance of respect for life. Induced abortion is acceptable within just limit circumstances. 2) Rational utility type has more tolerance limits. There are rationale for induced abortion. Thls type hates becoming the target of criticism because they are single mothers, were rape or had a deformed baby. 3) Self-centered utility type believe that the most important in the world is one's self. This type emphasizes the importance of women's autonomy. And then the woman should be able to decide about abortion, because it is her body, it is her choice. The result of the study suggests that nursing education need more ethical teaching of the importance of human life. Be cause the fundmental concept of nursing is in the preservation of human life and in the respect for life, dignity and the rights of man. Nursing ethics is a essential for nurses.
Process of the Nursing Students Decision-making for Their Course and Job
Chu Su-Kyung ; Jun Eun-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 280~295
This study examines attitudes among nursing student, attitudes that give direction in life and effect the decision-making process when seeking employment. The exigency of which derives from the need to design a proper guidance program to assist students in their search for employment. Data was collected from a survey conducted between November 20 and November 25, 1995, the respondants of which were 120 nursing students without jobs. The data was analyzed by examining frequency, percentage, average, Chi-square, one-way ANOVA and t-test through an SPSS
program. The results of the study can be summarized as follows : 1) There are positive relationship between a student's academic major and employment(So responded 84.3% of the subjects with only 2.5% claiming that his major didn't matter). 2) Students believe that 'good jobs' are secured through aptitude. 'Good jobs' are seen as ones which develop an individuals abilities and which offer the opportunity for advancement. However they do not believe that 'good Jobs' contribute to society 3) Students have not been supplied the proper guidance and information necessary for finding employment. The student's life research institude, professor and assistants provide Insufficient information and counseling. Personal goals are decisive factors in determining what direction a student may take as well as the kind of employment he will seek. However, advice from parents, siblings, friends, alumni, professors, assistants and counselors is also considered. 4) Students do not think it reasonable to base their career decisions on one factor only(33.9% responded that aptitude and personal interests were the most important factor, and 14.9% that income was the key determinant). 5) Location and size of the hospital are important considerations when choosing a job. There is a preference for larger hospitals. 6) A lack of stability and few opportunities for advancement are perceived as the primary reasons for the possibility of leaving one's job.
The Content Analysis of Pediatric Nursing Practical Learning in the Children's Rehabilitation Center by Nursing Students
Jung Hyang-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 296~316
The practical learning experience is the heart of nursing's professional program of study, have been the most widely disscussed and yet the least studied of all nursing education activities. The major goal of practical learning experience is to provide opportunities in realistic work settings that permit the nursing student to develop the knowledge, skill It attitudes of a beginning practitioner. The purpose of this study is to identify the experience of practical learning in the children's rehabilitation center by nursing students, to provide basic information for developing practical learning in pediatric nursing education. The study design was a descriptive study. Data were collected 74 cases of journaling which came from senior nursing students who cared for the handicapped children in P rehabilitation center from 24, August, 1997 to 29, Decmber, 29, 1998. The collected data were analyzed using the content analysis by Kim & Lee(1986), Kim(1987). The results are as follows : The content of practical learning in the children's rehabilitation center were classified with 5 domains. The domains were
The Relationship Between Assertiveness and Clinical Stress in Nursing Students
Cho Nam-Ok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 317~330
A descriptive-explanatory design was employed in this study. The purpose of this study was identify the level of assertiveness and clinical stress and the relationships between assertiveness and clinical stress in nursing students. A convenient sample of 143 nursing students was used for the study. The results of this study are as follows : 1) The level of assertiveness of nursing students was 3.65 in domain of contents, 3.68 in domain of voice, and 4.13 in domain of body language. Thus the level of asertiveness of nursing students was higher in body language. 2) The level of clinical stress of nursing students was 3.73 in domain of clinical education and evaluation by professors, 3.59 in domain of nurses, 3.32 in domain of human relationships, and 3.30 in domain of environment. Thus the level of clinical stress of nursing students was higher in clinical education and evaluation by professors. 3) The assertiveness of nursing students was found significantly related to human relationships. 4) The clinical stress of nursing students was found significantly related to satisfaction of nursing, satisfaction of clinical practice and priority of candidate for nursing. 5) The assertiveness of nursing students was not found significantly related to clinical stress in nursing students.
Study on Spiritual Well-being, Hope and Self-esteem of Nursing Students
Choi Sang-Soon ; Kim Jung-Sug ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 4, issue 2, 1998, Pages 331~342
Nurses evaluate the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of a person when conducting an assessment and forming a plan of care. Nursing is a holistic approach to health and well-being. Implication for Nursing Practice : nurses must assess and support intrinsic religiosity and promote spiritual well-being in peoples coping with severe diseaser. The purpose of this study was to investigate spiritual well-being, hope and self-esteem of nursing students, and to identify spiritual well-being, hope and self-esteem the differences between nursing students of christian university and nursing students of non-christian university. The measurment tools for spiritual well-being, hope anf self-esteem were a self-report questionnaire. The collected data was prepared for computer analysis and analyzed using appropriate statistical methods. General characteristics, spiritual well-being, hope and self-esteem are analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. For hypothesis testing t-test, Pearson correlation are used. The result of this study can be summarized as follows ; 1. The mean score for spiritual well-being in the nursing students was 79.52 of a possible range of 20-120. And the mean score for hope was 58.18 of a possible range of 29-116, the mean score for self-esteem was 112.29 of a possible range of 30-150. 2. 'Nursing students of christian university will demonstrate higher spiritual well-being than the nursing students of nonchristian university' was rejected(t=1.01, p=.96). 3. 'Nursing students of christian university will demonstrate higher hope than the nursing students of nonchristian university' was rejected(t=1.71, p=.05). 4. 'Nursing students of christian university will demonstrate higher self-esteem than the nursing students of nonchristian' was rejected(t=1.53, p=.12). 5. 'The higher spiritual well-being, the higher hope' was rejected(r=-.664, p=.000). 6. 'The higher spiritual well-being score, the higher self-esteem' was supported(r=.487, p=.000).