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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1999
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1999
Selecting the target year
간호학문에 있어서의 감성적 인식과 예술로서의 간호행위
Gong Byeong-Hye ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 153~164
Application of Distance Videoconferencing on Women's Health Teaching-Learning Process
Kang Nam-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 165~176
The goal of women's health education can be defined as improvement of the quality of their life during entire life cycle. In Korean society, women's well-being is very important to themselves as well as their families, communities. and country. Thus it is important to systematize information on women's health education. These systematized information can be used in preparation of coming 21st century called information era. Unfortunately there have been few studies in women's health education research in Korea especially distance education for women's health related with korean socio-cultural background, etc. Distance education has been internationally used in a variety of settings as a means of providing health education information. The objective of this study was to apply and evaluate a multimedia videoconferencing on women's health distance teaching-learning process. In this study I'd like to design multimedia digital educational material used in the distance teaching-learning process for women's health, and to practice a multimedia videoconferencing on women's health distance teaching-learning processs. The procedures of this study were summarized as follows ; 1. Analysis of subjects' characteristics and education contents and for women's health. 2. Design of a multimedia videoconferencing on women's health distance teaching-learning process. 3. Development of women's health distance teaching-1earning process. 4. Evaluation of developed digital multimedia and distance teaching-learning process related with women's health These results will be used in development of the distance-learning education program for improving Korean women's health. Findings su99est that the advanced methodologies for designing and evaluating the women's health distance teaching-learning programs be obtained through the collaboration with other field's staffs.
An Analysis of Nursing education Research in China : 1990-1998
Ko Il-Sun ; Li Chun-Yu ; Kim Jing-Ai ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 177~190
This study has been conducted on the basis of the literature review of Nursing Education Research in China from 1990 through August 1998. Its purpose was to support the basic data of nursing education which is risen as major revolutionary of nursing in China and those for exchange of information between Korea-China nursing education. It is retrospective and descriptive research analyzing one hundred eighty articles published in The Journal of China Nursing. The results of the study were as follows. 1. Only 33.3% of the professors of Technical Nursing School who have played of major role of nursing education in China have carried out the study related to nursing education. Baccalaureate program professors have marked 22.2% of all studies, and diploma program professors have done 12.2% of all. Therefore, the professors of above the diploma program have done total 44.4%. It explains that the professors of baccalaureate and diploma programs have done more studies related to nursing education than those of Technical Nursing School. 2. In terms of the study design, most of the studies(38.8%) were case studies introducing the curriculum contents that were done at education institutions. And then, 28.5% were reviewing the articles, and 15.6% were descriptive studies. 3. In terms of the content of the study, 38.3% were relevant to education of Technical Nursing School, 15.0% were about baccalaureate education, and 10.4% is about diploma. 4. To analyze the specific contents of the studies ; a. In baccalaureate program, human resources (professor or teaching), course extension, lab, classes, teaching method, education philosophy, goal of education, evaluation method, and human resource development were included. b. In diploma program, teaching contents evaluation method, teaching method, and educational system were included c. In the technical school, there were qualification of professors , teaching method, evaluation method, opening the courses, teaching contents, goal of education and so on. d. Beyond these, there were practice guidance and appraisement, teaching method, and opening new courses which were not specially indicated as educational curriculum and score management as continuing education. What is above tell us that the study regarding development of university system has been progressed actively and widely. It has been for the effort of revolution which based on the China government force to reform of nursing education process during last 10 years. On the base of the result, we suggest the following questions and the alternatives. 1) Since most articles are case studies related to teaching methods and the others doesn't propose the research method. the study which is applied more exact research method is needed. 2) No study is regarding social change and health policy. Because University program, founded in 1983 is on the beginning point, the research about curriculum have to be taken as a top priority as well as to reflect social needs which are based on social changes and national health policy 3) Only one review article study tells nursing Human resource. To appear in large numbers in nursing manpower, avoid the present hospital nurses training system. Then, the study for manpower development which is able to accomplish in many fields has to be advanced. 4) Most studies did not have literature review processes, so it was impossible for researcher to know the past study tendency and there is no relation among studies as to same subject, the education about research method is needed.
The Influence of Family Support on Hope of the Patients with Stroke
Kim Mi-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 191~205
The purpose of this study is to identify the influence of family support on hope of the patients with stroke. Subjects were 53 in-patients with stroke in two general hospitals and one oriental medicine hospital located in Seoul and Kwang-Ju. The instruments used for this study : The family support scale developed by Kang Hyun Suk(1985). The hope scale developed by Nowotny(1989). The Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA. Pearson's correlation and simple regression. Data had been collected from December 24, 1998 to January 31, 1999. The results of this study were as follows The mean score of family support was 43.94 and the mean score of the hope was 80.89. The relationship between family support and the hope of the patients with stroke revealed a significant correlation (r= .560, p= .0001). The variables influencing family support and the hope of the patients with stroke were as follows : There was significant difference between family support and general characteristic factor, which was family chief caregiver (p= .002). There was no significant difference between hope and general characteristic factors. but There were significant differences between one of the subscales of hope, 'confidence in the outcome' and general characteristic factors, which were age(p= .021), perceived disability effect(p= .027). There were significant differences between one of the subscales of hope 'possibility of future', and general characteristic factors, which were age(p= .016), education(p= .018). There was significant difference between one of the subscales of hope. 'spiritual belief', and general characteristic factors, which was religion(p= .002). There was significant difference between one of the subscales of hope, 'active involvement', and general characteristic factors, which was family chief caregiver (p= .012). It was found that the higher the degree of perceived family support, the higher the degree of hope. Clearly, the perceived family support can contribute significantly and positively to hope of the patients with stroke. Therefore, nurses should plan interventions to inspire hope level of patients with stroke by family support. The above results may be used as the basic data to seek more efficient way of elevating nursing practice and qualify for the patients with stroke.
Analysis of Alcoholism Treatment Programs in North America - Focused on Relapse Prevention -
Kim Sung-Jae ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 206~218
Relapse is one of the most serious problem in alcoholism treatment area. But there is no proper post-treatment management program for preventing relapse in Korea. The purposes of this study are the analysis of several alcoholism treatment programs and recommendation about consideration for developing our alcoholism treatment program to prevent relapse in our country. Five different alcoholism treatment programs were collected for this study, two programs were collected by participant observation and three were collected by instruction manuals, references, and briefing materials. The followings are the criteria for this analysis of the five treatment programs. 1. the specific characteristics of the treatment program 2. the criterion of the patients, the duration and period (or the treatment, the special activities, and goals of the treatment. 3. the common characteristics of the five treatments. The common characteristics of those treatment programs are; 1 preparation for post-treatment from the beginning of the treatment (hospitalization) 2. assessment of relapse related factors 3. assessment of the relapse-warning signs 4. development and plan of individualized intervention strategy 5. practice of the plan The common characteristics of those treatment programs are 1. groups are classified the recovery training groups and the self-help groups 2 all kind of treatment programs carried out as groups rather than individuals. 3. usefulness which apply to various settings and various types 4. multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approach As results, those programs were developed as post-detoxication management program, follow up program, and continued care program and their theoretical framework was from social learning theory. Those programs used the principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy for the classes, groups, and social skill training. These finding can be used for developing culturally appropriate alcoholism treatment programs focused on relapse prevention.
Analysis of Health Concept Perceived by the University Students in Korea
Kim Ae-Jung ; Choi Soo-Jeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 219~231
Health is an important concept within the health component of nursing paradigm. And health concept is a core component to determine health behavior according to individual's health perception. Health habits during the period of university student will be affecting health behavior of the adult period. The purpose of this study was to analyze health concept of the university students in Korea and to provide the strategy of health care for the university students. The method of this research was a descriptive study using a self-report questionaire. The subjects were 301 students of university and their age was from 19 to 30. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Health concepts perceived by the university students were 'wholeness without difficulty', 'vitality', 'harmony', 'comfort', 'Good condition and fitness of physical and psychological condition', 'soundness', 'happiness', 'enabling' 'smoothness'. 2. Health was perceived by the subjects as an essential and an important component of life.
Content Analysis of the Experiences and the Unmet Needs for Sex Education of University Students During their Primary and Secondary Education
Kim Jeong-Eun ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 232~249
The purpose of the study was to analyze the experiences of and the unmet needs for sex education of university students during their primary and secondary education. Development and refinement strategies of the sex education curriculum were constructed using the words of university students. The study was conducted during the second trimester of 1998 and the first trimester of 1999. and 356 male and female students were asked to submit weekly descriptive reports on the proposed issues related to sex education. The data were collected and analyzed by the researcher to present and summarize the in-depth meanings . The results were as follows: 1) The problems of the present sex education of primary and secondary education curriculum : it was revealed as too superficial and conventional: it brought about adverse effects because it was not efficient: also it was insufficient and not appropriate to the level of the students. The erroneous stereotypes of our society towards the sexuality act as barriers to effective sex education. 2) The abstract needs for sex education revealed on the analysis of adjectives used by the students were: 'honest, interesting, easy, useful, and correct' 3) The concrete needs for the sex education were: correct understanding of sexuality, establishment of the right sense of values towards sexuality, understanding of male and female sex psychology, knowledge of solutions for sexual problems 4) The developmental strategies for the sex education curriculum were structural, comprehensive, broad, and sufficient education content, concrete and honest explanations about sexuality : provision of early sex education; sex education provided by the parents ; establishment of an open environment for the sex education, graded education reflecting the developmental stages of the youngsters ; up-to-date sex education; preservation of the perspectives of the youngsters; provision of the same sex education opportunities for both girls and boys; practical use of audiovisual aides; open discussion; development of novel education methods like field trips 5) The change of knowledge, attitudes, and values towards sexuality after finishing the sex education course were: establishment of right sense of value towards sexuality ; reconfirmation of the concepts and value for life; belief of the necessity of sex education; change of attitudes towards womanhood; reinforcement of the self-conceit, consolidation of filial piety; and acquisition of the practical knowledge.
Comparing Job Satisfaction with Professional Self-Concept of RN-BSN Students
Kim Chun-Gil ; Noh Choon-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 250~266
This study was conducted to compare the level of RN-BSN students' job satisfaction and professional self-concept (PSCNI) prior to RN-BSN course and upon graduation The study was designed to investigate the degree of job satisfaction and PSCNI, and to test the correlation between job satisfaction and professional self-concept. The subjects were 68 students in Chunchon, who entered to H University (RN-BSN course) in March 1997. The data was gathered by self-reported questionnaire job satisfaction(48 items) and professional self-concept nurses instrument (PSCNI: 27 items) The instruments used for this study were the nurse Job satisfaction scale developed by Stamps et al., and Arthur's PSCNI. The reliability of two questionnaires were relatively high (Job satisfaction Cronbach's
=0.88, 0.89, PSCNI Cronbach's
=0.80, 0.96) The data was analyzed frequency, mean, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, Pearson's corelation, and multiple regression analysis through SAS program. Research findings were as follows : 1. The average item score of job satisfaction was 119.50(prior to RN-BSN course) 124.16 (upon graduation). PSCNI' average item score was 75.37/77.21 at each. 2. The job satisfaction scores were significantly higher at the graduation than at the entrance(t=2,10, P=.040). But PSCNI's scores had no significant difference. 3. The relationship between job satisfaction and PSCNI of entering time was high R=.60, P=.000) The relationship of the two at graduation time was not high(R=.29, P=.018). 4. The factors contributing to the job satisfaction & PSCNI as follow: job satisfaction(prior to RB-BSN course), PSCNI(prior to RB-BSN course), The factors contributing to the job satisfaction & PSCNI were as follow: PSCNI(prior to RN-BSN course) In conclusion, we recognized that RN-BSN course influenced job satisfaction of students. Also this study Eave a information for necessity to develop curricula promoting PSCNI. Nurse-educator should explore further research to enlighten the nursing profession.
Korean Nurses Knowledge Concerning Vaginal Birth After Cesarean(VBAC) and its Educational Material
Park Sang-Ju ; Choi Kyung-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 267~284
The purpose of this study are 1. Evaluate the degree of knowledge of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean(VBAC) of Korean nurses. 2. To gather and develop educational material for VBAC. The sample was surveyed Korean Nurses knowledge about VBAC, from November 1998 through March 1999. For the data analysis, the SPSS computer program percentage and frequency were used for descriptive statistics. The x2 and the t-test were used to compare the results of the two sample groups. Open questions asked in the survey were sorted out by content, then displayed in chart form. For the education material, the Internet was the main source of information. Information on the Internet was provided by professional doctors and prenatal educational nurses. The results of the survey are as follows: 1. Out of 97 Nurses 15.3% answered that cesarean deliveries do not need to be performed after previous cesarean sections : however. 46.4% answered that cesarean sections must be performed after previous cesarean sections. 2. Of the nurses surveyed 14% had no knowledge or had never heard of VBAC. 3 Nurses did not have questions from patients concerning VBAC was 34.7%. This led to the conclusion that patients either do not have knowledge about VBAC or patients have no interest in the trial of labor. 4, Nurses indicated that their information about VBAC originated from other people's experiences (31%), Nursing School (25%), Media information (9%), and through literature review (6%). This data led to the conclusion that the knowledge about VBAC may not be extensive enough to counsel and guide patients who are willing to endure the trial of labor. 5. Nurses preferred hospital education programs to develop their knowledge concerning VBAC. Based upon survey, the conclusion was made that General Nurses and Maternity Nurses did not have knowledge about VBAC success rates and the possibility of a trial of labor. In order for nurses to help patients make decisions concerning VBAC, nurses have to gam more knowledge through hospital educational programs. Further more, the study suggests that through hospital educational programs, the possibility and importance of VBAC must be emphasized to nurses who work in maternity areas. Second, through prenatal educational programs, the possibility and importance of VBAC must be explained and emphasized to patients who had previous cesarean sections. Third, the clinical pathways of VBAC need to be developed. Fourth, each hospital needs to develop multi-disciplinary teams, consis-ting of obstetricians, risk management/quality management, staff registered nurses, and the director for perinatal services. This team can review cesarean section rates and help to increase the practice of VBAC.
A Study on the Changing in Self-actualization of Nursing College Students after a Voluntary Program
Park Hoo-Nam ; Choi Young-Ae ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 285~299
The Effect of Curriculum with voluntary program on Self-Actualization in Nursing Students. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of the voluntary program experience with curriculum on self-actualization in nursing college students and to guide the desirable voluntary activity of college students. The research design utilized in this study was one group pretest-posttest design. The data were gathered two times with self-actualization test. First data were gathered before voluntary activity. And second data were gathered after instruction and five times voluntary activity. The data were analized by frequency, t-test, paired t-test and ANOVA using the SAS program. The results were as follows: The scores of self-actualization in nursing students belonged to normal range. Before voluntary activity, the scores were significantly higher than standardized group in Nature of Man, Constructive Scale (P<.001), and the scores were significantly lower than standardized group in Feeling Reactivity Scale(P<.05) and Capacity for Intimate Construct Sscale (P<.001). After the activity the scores were significantly higher than standardized group in Self Actualizing Values Scale(P<.001), Existentiality (P<.01), Spontaneity Scale (P<.001). Self Acceptance Scale(P<.05) and Nature of Man, Constructive Scale (P<.001). After the activity the scores were significantly increased more than before the activity in Inner Directed Scale (P<.001). Self Actualizing Values Scale (P<.001), Feeling Reactivity Scale (P<.001), Capacity for Intimate Construct Sscale (P<.001). Spontaneity Scale (P<.01), Time Competent Scale (P<.05) and Existentiality (P<.05). And the scores were not significantly increased more than before the activity in Self Regard Scale, Self Acceptance Scale and Nature of Man, Constructive Scale. The results of this study showed that voluntary activities were effective self-actualization. So, it is thought that voluntary program is necessary in the curriculum for nursing college students. This study suggests as follows : 1) It is necessary to inspect the self-actualization test after various experience of voluntary activity in college students. 2) It is necessary to grope the plans to activate the social service programs. 3) It is necessary to study continious and voluntary social service of college students.
Effectiveness of the Self-care Education for the Medication and Symptoms Management on the Psychiatric Patients' Quality of life
Son Kyung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 300~314
This study is an attempt to evaluate the effect of the medication and symptoms self-care education on the psychiatric patients' quality of life. This exploratory study was designed to a quasi-experiment of pretest-postest with a non equivalent control group. Subjects of 40 patients who were discharged from a mental hospital in Pusan were selected to be experiment and control group, with each group consisting of 20. The research period was from March, 6 to May, 29, 1999 and the pre-post test was given before and after implementing MSSE to the both experiment and control group. The results finding were summarized as follows ; 1. subjects who attended self-care education scored significantly higher than control group in quality of life.(Z=-2.06, P=0.034) 2. Those who were in the experiment group reported more significant higher scores than control group in item of quality of life, living situation(A=-2.62 P=0.012), relations with spouse (Z=-2.31 P=0.038) and children (Z=3.37, P=0.008), fear (Z=-1 95, P=0.049) and anger(Z=-2.07 P=0.041), work functioning (Z=-2.34, P=0.021), environmental adjustment. (Z=-2.05, P=0.039)
A Study on Health Promoting Lifestyle among Climacteric Women
Song Ae-Ri ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 315~331
This study was done to describe health promoting lifestyle and to identify the factors affecting the performance in health promoting lifestyle among the climacteric women. The subjects of this study were 240 women(40 to 60 years old) The sample data were collected using a purposive sampling method, and collected from August 23 to September 6, 1999. The instruments for his study were a health promoting lifestyle scale, a health locus of control scale, a self-esteem scale and a perceived health status questionnaire. Frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression technique with SPSS program were used to analyze the data. The results of the study were as follows ; 1) The average score of performance in the health-promoting lifestyle variables was 166.40. The variable with the highest degree of performance was the sanitary environment , whereas the one with the lowest degree was the professional health maintenance. 2) Performance in the health-promoting lifestyle was positively related to self-esteem, internal health locus of control and negatively related to accidental health locus of control and perceived health status. 3) A significant difference between educational level and health-promoting lifestyle were found. 4) Self-esteem and perceived health status explained 21.0% of the variance for the total health promoting lifestyle. The results of this study show that self-esteem, perceived health status predicted the health promoting lifestyle of the climacteric women. Therefore, health promoting programs that increase self-esteem and perceived health status should be developed to promote a healthy lifestyle of the climacteric women, especially those who have a low level of education.
Knowledge Development and Classification Systems in Nursing
Lee Eun-Joo ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 332~346
A Study on Determinants of Health Promoting Behavior in Nursing Students
Choi Eun-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 347~358
The purpose of this study was to explain the relationship between health promoting behavior and self-esteem, and the relationship between health promoting behavior and self-efficacy. The instrument of this study was a structured questionnaire included health promoting lifestyle, self-esteem and self-efficacy. The data were collected from August 24 to September 3, 1999 and analyzed by Cronbach alpha, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression by using SPSS/PC+ program. The results of research were as follows : 1. The average score of performance in the health promoting behavior variables was 2.61. The variable with the highest degree of performance was the sanitary life(3.14), whereas the one with the lowest degree was the professional health maintenance(1.50). The average score of self-esteem was 2.89, and self-efficacy was 6.60. 2. There was significant difference according to the demographic variables. The total health promoting behavior was predicted by age, religion, monthly income. personality, perceived health status and frequency of exercise. Self-esteem was predicted by religion, monthly income and personality. Self-efficacy was predicted by age, religion and personality. 3. There was a significant correlation between health promoting behavior and self-esteem, self-efficacy. 4. Self-efficacy was the highest factor (variable) predicting health promoting behavior. A total of 44.7% of the variance was explained in the total health promoting behavior by the self-efficacy, frequency of exercise, self-esteem, perceived health status and personality. In conclusion, this study revealed that self-efficacy, self-esteem may be important factors that can improve health promoting behavior. Therefore the findings of this study may provide significant basic data for health promoting program development.
A study on the Menstrual Pain and Dysmenorrhea, Factors Influenced to Them, and Self-Management Method for Them of College Students
Han Sun-Hee ; Hur Myung-Haeng ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 359~375
This is a survey in order to provide basic information about menstrual pain management and dysmenorrhea management. Menstrual pain means low abdominal cramps during menstruation and dysmenorrhea means low abdominal pains, and other symtoms as lumbago, fatigue, G-I symptoms, etc. The purposes of this study were (1) to measure the menstrual pain and dysmenorrhea, (2) to determine factors influenced to them, and (3) to know self-management method for them of college students. The subject of this study consisted of 312 college students Data were collected by questionnaire which was to measure the menstrual pain(Visual Analogue Scale(VAS), dysmenorrhea (dysmenorrhea scale) and general informations from May to June, 1999. The results of this study were as follows ; (1) Mean age for subjects was 19.4 yrs, their height was 161.4Cm, weight, 50.9Kg, menarcheal age, 13.5yrs, menstural period, 30.1 days, and menstrual duration was 5.6 days. Most respondents replied that their menstrual bleeding was moderate (72.1%) and occured regularly(55.4%). (2) Mean menstrual pain was 5.20. Menstrual pain didn't be occured 17.4 % of respondents, periodically 46.0%, and intermittently 36.6%, most commonly beginning the first day of menstruation (3) Chief management method was endurance (40.4%), use of analgesics (29.5%) and bed rest(16.5%). (4) Factors influenced to menstrual pain were analgesics use, heavy bleeding, time of menstrual pain, life change during menstruation. (5) Most symptoms of dysmenorrhea were low abdominal pain(22.2%), lumbago (15.9%), fatigue(9.0%). (6) Factors influenced to dysmenorrhea were anlgesics use and menstrual pain. (7) By Pearson's correlation analysis, there was a significant correlation between menstrual pain and menarcheal age, menstrual period. menstrual duration. But there was no correlation between menstrual pain and height, weight (8) By Pearson's correlation analysis, there was a significant correlation between dysmenorrhea and menstrual period But there was no correlation between menstrual pain and menarcheal age, menstrual duration, height, weight The results demonstrate the importance of development and clinical trial of nursing intervention on menstrual pain and dysmenorrhea.
The Status of Nursing Ethics Education in Korea 4-year-College of Nursing
Han Sung-Suk ; Kim Yong-Soon ; Um Young-Rhan ; Ahn Sung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 5, issue 2, 1999, Pages 376~387
Purpose : To provide fundamental data to present further direction of education on Nursing Ethics by investigating the status of Nursing Ethics education performed at 4-year-Colleges of Nursing. Korea. Methods : A descriptive survey study The data collected from 28 universities through a questionnaire to examine the status of Nursing Ethics education in Korea. Results : I. Teaching Nursing Ethics class as a independent subject-6(21.4%) universities. 1) The average of 23.67 hours(2 credits) in the total educational hours. 2) Teaching method-theoretical class, discussion of case study, discussion of related issues, presentation of video tapes and discussion, team education, role play, and submission of reports. 3) Education contents-Nursing profession and ethics, the dignity of human life, necessity of bioethics, ethical theory and refutation, code for nurses, ethical issues between nurses and patients, nurses and co-workers, and nurses and nurses 6 universities 4) 5 universities-Included ethical decision making, artificial insemination, external insemination, artificial abortion, organ transplantation, brain death, human subject of study suicide, and euthanasia. II. Teaching Nursing Ethics as an inclusive theme in other subjects-22 (78.57%) universities. 1) Educated in Introduction of Nursing (14 universities), Nursing Management, Nursing Ethics and Philosophy, Special Nursing, Nursing and Law, and Professional Nursing. 2) Educational course-Taught in freshman level at 14 universities, average 9.32 education hours. Conclusion: Showed not only that universities, not operating Nursing Ethics as a independent class, unreasonably operate and assign too many contents in comparing with its education hours and are likely to become only a cramming education but also professors whose major is not Nursing Ethics presently in charge need to take a chance to supplement their knowledge and teaching method.