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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 2000
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A Study on the Exposure to PC Pornography and the Post-Exposure Reactions of Middle School Boys
Kim, Y.-H. ; Lee, H.-Z. ; Jung, H.-M. ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 7~22
The purpose of this study was to identified the level of the exposure to the PC Pornography and what's their post-exposure reactions to the PC pornography. The subjects were 423 middle school boys in Pusan. The survey was executed from July 12 through October 30, 1999. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS WIN using the %, mean, ANOVA. The results of this study were as follows: 1. 79.4%(336 boys) were exposed to the PC pornography. 46.3%(196 boys) answered that they experienced the published pornography prior to the PC pornography. 2. 78.5%(333 boys) answered that they had their PC in their homes. This ratio revealed the higher level of possession. 67.6% said that their PC were set in their own rooms. 57.9% of the subject answered they experienced the Internet Communications. 68.6% of the subject said that they tried PC communications once or twice in a week. 38.5% of the subject expressed that they used their own PC for 1-2 hours in a day. Most of them(82.7%) enjoyed the PC games or entertainment programs. 81.3% of the subject answered that their school performance didn't show the progress after the use of their own PC. 78.3% of the subject answered that they acquired information. 45.2% of the subject answered that they made their friend through the Internet communications. 78.7% of the subject answered that the time of family dialogue decreased. 70.7% of the subject answered that the time of their TV watching decreased. 3. As for their post-exposure reactions the subject who were exposed to the PC Pornography showed the point 2.93 in the item 'pleasure'. The point of 'sexual impulses' was 2.81. But the point of 'anxiety' was 2.75, the point of 'dislike or disgust' was 2.62, the point of 'guilty' was 2.59. 4. According to the frequency, the motivation and the companionship on the exposure to PC Pornography, their post-exposure reaction scores showed differences significantly. Finally, the post-exposure reaction had relation to the frequency, the motivation, the companionship and the place (F=3.28 ~ 8.40, p=.012 ~ .000).
A Qualitative Study of Nursing Students' first Clinical Experience
Park, Mi-Young ; Kim, Soon-Yi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 23~35
This qualitative nursing research used a hermeneutic phenomenological approach to discovery of meaning of the nursing students' clinical experience in junior colleges. Data collecting was utilized by in- depth face-to-face interviews of 10 sophomores who were participating in their first clinical experience. The following themes of the experience emerged. 1) The first step of fear (fear, being embarrassed) 2) Rhythmical patterning of theory and practice(disappointment of nurses, recognition of the gap between the theory and practice, the conflict between medical doctors and nurses, trouble with the students from other colleges, confusion from nurses' educational and noneducational attitudes, burden of responsibility for nurses' jobs, and the tiresome nature of repeated practice) 3) Discovery of changing self, awareness of self-expansion (awareness of professional nurses' roles, formation of self-confidence, changing of one's state of mind) From this study essential theme of clinical experience of nursing student's was identified, and continuous efforts to establish better adaptation of nursing students to clinical practice are required.
The Effect of Music Therapy on the State Anxiety in Ophthalmic In-patients Experiencing Momentary Visual Disturbance
Yang, Jin-Ju ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 36~47
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of music therapy on the state anxiety and the vital signs in ophthalmic inpatients experiencing momentary visual disturbance. The patients listened to the music for or over 30 minutes a time for 3 days The subjects for this study were twenty-eights experiencing momentary visual disturbance in ophthalmic department of a hospital in Kwangju. They were assigned to two groups, fourteen to a experimental group and fourteen to a control group. The data were collected from November 22 to December 4, 1999 by means of state anxiety scale questionnaire and measurement of vital signs. The data were analyzed with SPSS programs. The results were as follows; 1. There were significant differences between the two groups on anxiety score after music therapy(t=-2.95 p=.007). 2. The first hypothesis that the experimental group who received music therapy would have less anxiety score than the control group who did not receive music therapy was supported (t=8.98, p=.000). 3. There were no significant differences between the two groups on change of vital signs after music therapy. 4. The second hypothesis that the experimental group who received music therapy would have more relived vital signs than the control group who did not receive music therapy was not supported. In conclusion, music therapy can be effective nursing intervention in decreasing anxiety of ophthalmic in-patients experiencing momentary visual disturbance.
A Study on the Powerlessness, Perception of Health and Cognitive Level of Elderly Home Residents
Lee, Kang-Yi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 48~63
This study was designed and undertaken to find out the degree of powerlessness, perception of health and cognitive level of elderly home residents and to determine the factors influencing powerlessness, perception of health and cognitive level. The data were collected from October 1st to 20th, 1998. The subjects in this study were 271 elderly home residents over the age 60 living in Taejon city. The study tool for measuring powerlessness was developed by S.E. Chung(1998), the other for measuring perception of health was a self-rating scale defined by Mossey & Shapiro (1982), and the tool for measuring cognitive level was developed by Kahn, Goldfarb, Pollack and Peck(1960). Data were analysed for percentage, mean, t-test, and ANOVA using the SPSS program. The results of this study were as follows ; 1. The degree of powerlessness, perception of health and cognitive level was scored above the median. 2. The degree of the elderly' powerlessness was statistically significantly different in three demographic variables; sex, one's state of health compared to other elderly' and living expense load. 3. Perception of one's health was statistically significantly different in four demographic variables; sex, marital status, educational level and monthly money. 4. Cognitive level of the elderly was statistically significantly different in three demographic variables; age, educational level and one's health of state compared to other elderly' health. In conclusion, the factors influencing the elderly' powerlessness, perception of health and cognitive level generally were age, sex, their economic independence, marital status, and educational level. Also, this study indicates that social welfare for the elderly could be effective in reducing their powerlessness and enhancing their health of state and cognitive level.
Learning Styles and Preferred Nursing Specialties of Nursing Students
Lee, Myung-Ok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 64~76
The purpose of this study is to identify the difference in learning styles, learning stages, and preferred nursing specialties between two groups of nursing programs, regular BSN and RN-BSN. The survey instrument was a simplified version of the Kolb's Learning-Style Instrument which was developed by the researcher, a self- reported learning style questionnaire with twelve questions related to the four learning stages. The sample of the study was the 218 nursing students in a university in Korea which consisted of 58 junior and 67 senior students in the regular BSN program, and 58 junior and 35 senior students in the RN-BSN program. Main findings of the study were as the following. 1) Over all, the major learning style was either the diverger or the accomodator; the most preferred learning stage was the concrete experience and the leastly preferred learning stage was the abstractive conceptualization learning stage; and the most preferred nursing specialty in the future was the clinical nursing. 2) Students in the BSN program preferred four learning stages with rather equal proportion, whereas the students in the RN-BSN program preferred the concrete experience learning stage as high as 60.3% and the abstractive conceptualization learning stage as low as 9.5%. 3)For the future career, the junior students of both programs preferred clinical and educational nursing areas, and the senior students of both programs preferred clinical and research areas. The main reason of the difference seemed to result from the different courses such as Health Education or Teaching Method for the juniors and the Nursing Research for the seniors of both groups. Because the sample of the study was limited to a university, it is difficult to generalize the study results for the entire nursing students in Korea. Continuous studies with larger numbers of nursing students and nurse educators, and experimental studies measuring the effects of new curricula are needed for the future.
Development of ND (Doctor of Nursing) Program: Focused on the RN-BSN Students and Professors
Lee, Won-Hee ; Kim, Cho-Ja ; Cho, Won-Jung ; Yoo, Ji-Soo ; Lee, Eun-Hyun ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 77~91
Recent changes in health problems as well as the health delivery system demand expanding nursing roles to improve quality care and at the same time provide cost-effective health services. Nursing leaders of the future will be expected to be excellent care givers who are well prepared as researchers and managers and administrators. The purpose of developing an ND program is to train nursing leaders for the future. The program objective are to demonstrate the role as 1) an advanced practitioner who will provide theory based practice 2) a researcher and manager The target population of the ND program is as follows : 1) Nurses with a BSN degree who are seeking to advance on the career ladder 2) Non-nursing BS, BA graduates who are seeking nursing as a second career 3) Transfer students who are mature and motived to be nursing leaders It is believed that the ND program would meet the diverse needs for potential students, for their role in nursing and the health delivery system and create a meaning and challenging position in the profession of nursing. A task force team was organized to develop the ND program and its activities are as follows; 1) Information on ND programs were collected from 3 universities and reviewed 2)An advanced education needs assessment was completed and it was found that 87.6% of the subjects responded positively about advanced degree work. 3) A tentative curriculum for an ND program was developed. It is a great challenge to develop a new program for nursing however, it is also our task and responsibility to further the development of nursing.
Impact of the Independent Occupational Health Nursing Course to the Role Orientation of Baccalaureate Nursing Students
June, Kyung-Ja ; Yi, Ggod-Me ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 92~102
Social trends influence the need for inclusion of basic concepts of occupational health into generic nursing education. Several techniques have been used to incorporate occupational health into baccalaureate programme. These include clinical preceptorships in employee health services, lectures on occupational health issues into community health nursing courses and the integration of occupational health concepts throughout the nursing curriculum and organize an independent course of occupational health nursing for two semester hours. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of this course to the role orientation of nursing students. In March 1998, pre-test was conducted with all 39 students. Post- test for the subjects and the survey for the other comparison group were conducted after the course in May. Structured questionnaires were distributed which were composed of 42 items related to the role of occupational health nurse and each item was measured on a scale of 1 to 5. Results are as follows: 1) The paired t-test supported the hypothesis that role orientation of students was improved through the occupational health nursing course (t=-3.93, p=.000), 2) As the result of t-test between the subject and the comparison group, the mean score of the role orientation in the case of subject was significantly higher than that of the comparison group(t=13.3449, p=.0005). The enlargement of occupational health nursing course must be a facilitating factor to the improvement of the role orientation of baccalaureate students. It is needed to measure occupational health nursing competence of them in the future.
Effects of Individual Nursing Education on Self - Efficacy and Sick-Roll Behavior in Diabetes Patients
Chae, Young-Hye ; Son, Su-Gyeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 103~114
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of nursing education in diabetes patient, and to define the strategy to promote their sick-roll behavior, self efficacy. The quasi-experimental design was designed non-equivalent control group, non-synchronized design. The study had been done by investigating the experimental group and control group through the questionnaire on 58 patients who had been hospitalized and visiting out-patient department in K hospital in Pusan from June 1, 1998 to September 30, 1998. Individual diabetes education was carried out experimental group for the average 45 minutes. Self-efficacy was measured by Diabetes Management Self-efficacy Instrument developed by Park(1984). Data was collected before and after the experimentation. Collected data was analyzed by means of frequency, percentage, chi-square test, mean, standard deviation, and t-test with SPSS/PC program. The results were summarized as follows : 1. 'The experimental group which received the individual diabetes education should be higher in self-efficacy than control group' was not supported. 2. 'The experimental group which received the individual diabetes education should be higher in sick-roll behavior than control group' was not supported(P=.043). In conclusion, the patient who received individual diabetes education showed the increase in degree of sick - roll behavior of diabetes patients. So individual diabetes education had been judged the nursing intervention to improve sick-roll behavior of diabetes patients. But there was no effect about self-efficacy so to have the program which can improve self-efficacy is needed.
A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Experience of College Students toward Sexual Behavior
Han, Kyoung-Soon ; Ham, Mi-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 115~131
The purpose of this study was to measure the knowledge, attitude and experience in sex for college students in oder to provide basic sex education information. For this study, the questionnaires were given to 316 students in the S college of Kyungi-do and collected during the period from March 22 to May 7, 1999. These results were analyzed statistically by means of frequency, percentage, t-test, one-way ANOVA. The results of this analysis are as follows. 1. The level of sexual knowledge related to sex was relatively high. The level of subjects knowledge was sexual Physiology, Generation Physiology, Venereal Disease and Genital Physiology. 2. The sources of sexual knowledge were friends 26.6%, expert books 23.4%, teachers 7.6%, mass-media 7.6% of subjects obtained. 3. Only 19.3% of subjects thought that pre-marriage virginity should be kept and there was difference of concept between males(3.48%) and females (15.8%). 4. The experience of masturbation was 28.5% of total. The subjects that had not experienced kiss were 51.6% of total. The subjects that experienced sexual intercourse were 76.9% of total and there were difference between both sexes(male: 54.0%, female: 82.6%).
A Study on Relationship between Empowerment and Satisfaction of Clinical Practice in Nursing Students
Han, Su-Jeong ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 132~146
The purpose of this study was to explain the relationship between empowerment and satisfaction of clinical practice in nursing students. The instrument of this study was a structured questionnaire included empowerment and satisfaction of clinical practice. The data was collected from september 28, 1999 to March 31, 2000 and analyzed by Cronbach alpha, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and simple regression by using SPSS Win program. The result of research were as follows: 1. There was significant difference according to the general characteristic factor. The total empowerment was predicted by meaning of nursing, university and college, relationship of peer, clearance of study purpose. Satisfaction of clinical practice was predicted by university and college, clearance of study purpose. 2. There was a significant correlation between empowerment and satisfaction of clinical practice(r=0.442, p=0.000). 3. Empowerment was the highest factor predicting satisfaction of clinical practice. A total of 19.5% of the variance was explained in the total satisfaction of clinical practice. It was found that the higher the degree of perceived empowerment, the higher the degree of satisfaction of clinical practice. Therefore, nursing faculty should plan interventions to inspire satisfaction level of clinical practice by empowerment.
The Comparison between Nursing Graduates' Performance and Clinical Nurses' Performance of Clinical Competency
Yoo, Kyung-Hee ; Um, Young-Rhan ; Suh, Yeon-Ok ; Song, Rha-Yun ; June, Kyung-Ja ; Cho, Nam-Ok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 6, issue 1, 2000, Pages 147~159
The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of clinical competency in nursing graduates and clinical nurses. The total of 234 subjects returned the questionnaire with 95% of response rates. The subjects of the study constituted of 195 nursing graduates and 39 clinical nurses. Self report questionnaires were used to measure the clinical competence of nursing graduates and clinical nurses. This instrument had four dimensions of competency : client and health need, nursing process, professional role, and nursing interventions. The data were analyzed by utilizing SPSSWIN and the results were as follows. 1) The mean score of the nursing intervention dimension was the most with 3.82 compared to professional role dimension(3.06), nursing process(3.03), client and health need dimension(2.94) in nursing graduates. 2) The mean score of the nursing intervention dimension was the most with 3.04 compared to client and health need dimension(2.82), professional role dimension(2.81), nursing process(2.77) in clinical nurses. And all of these dimensions' scores were lower than the nursing graduates' scores. 3) The mean scores of nursing process (t=3.76, p<.001) and professional role dimensions(t=3.53, p<.001) in nursing graduates were significantly higher than clinical nurses' scores. Our suggestions based on the results of this study is : 1. It is recommended to repeat the same designed study in large sample of clinical nurses for further study.