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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
Selecting the target year
Nursing Students' Stress and Anger Experience in the Clinical Setting
Park, Mi-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 7~21
The purpose of this study was identify the level of stress, anger and anger expression in the clinical setting and identify the relation ships between anger and stress of nursing students in the clinical setting. A convenient sample of 213 junior college of nursing students was used for the study. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson Correlation Coefficients. The results of this study were summarized as follows : 1. The average stress score in the clinical setting of subjects was 3.87. The higher level of stress in the clinical setting was 4.10 in domain of nurses, 4.10 in domain of human relationships, 4.07 in domain of report and 3.89 in domain of relationship between nursing theory and practice. 2. The average state-anger score of subjects was 1.54. 3. The average anger-out score of anger expression mode was 1.66 and 2.36 in anger-in. 4. The state-anger was found significantly related to stress of nursing students in the clinical setting (r=0.256 p<0.001). In the relationship between state- anger and stress in the clinical setting, environment, patient relationship, between nursing theory and practice, nurses, report, orientation were significantly positive correlation . 5. The anger-out of anger expression mode was not found significantly related to stress of nursing students in the clinical setting. 6. The anger-in of anger expression mode was found significantly related to stress of nursing students in the clinical setting (r=0.205 p<0.01). In the relationship between anger-in of anger expression mode and stress in the clinical setting, environment, patient, nurses, human relationships, conference were significantly positive correlation.
A Study on Change of Nurse Image After Hospitalization Experience
Kang, Young-Sil ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 22~37
This study analyzed change of nurse image after hospitalization experience. The data were collected though questionnaire survey on 87 patients, who were, for the first time, hospitalized for 5~7 days at five general hospitals in J city. The survey was performed during July 3~August 2, 2000. The nurse image was analyzed through the instrument conceived by Il-Sim Yang(1998) on the basis of four dimensions ; traditional, social, professional and personal. The collected data were processed through SPSS/WIN to examine t-test, ANOVA and paired t-test. The study results were summarized as follows ; 1. Before hospitalization, patients' score of nurse image was the highest in professional dimension, followed by personal, traditional and social in order. 2. The nurse image before hospitalization showed statistically significant differences in age(p=.009), sex(p=.027) and marital status(p=.000). 3. After hospitalization experience, the score of nurse image was the highest in personal dimension, followed by professional, traditional and social one. 4. The nurse image after hospitalization showed statistically significant differences in marital status(p=.002) only. 5. The difference of nurse image before and after hospitalization experience showed statistical significance in traditional (p=.007) and social (p=.037) dimensions. 6. The score of nurse image was improved in all dimensions after hospitalization experience. In conclusion, hospitalization experience helps improve the nurse image. Therefore, for better improvement of nurse image, it is necessary for nurses to offer their best care to hospitalized patients. In addition, efforts should be made to improve the social image of nurse, which showed lowest score.
A Study on the Mothers' Knowledge and Practice about the Infant Weaning Diet
Kim, Mi-Sook ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 38~53
The main purpose of this study was to present the basic materials that help the nursing of the infants and consultation of childcare by examinating the knowledge and practice of the mothers about the weaning diet. The data for this study was collected from 205 mothers with infants(6-36 months) who visited two hospitals or one university hospital in Seoul, who were living in one apartment Suwon area between July. 7. and September 10, 2000. The 57 questionnaires were used for collecting the data and SAS program was used to analyse the data. The results are as follows. 1. The items of low score in the result of the knowledge data were as follows. [Initial weaning time, the important nutritional problem in infant, considering factor during feeding, the relation of proper weaning food & age, the time of used by cup, to apply of proper spicies in weaning food, the time of completing weaning, the time of stopping weaning at abnormal sign, and the inappopriate reason of dry mixed powdered food (Sunsik) as a weaning food.] 2. Higher educated mothers presented more high score than lower educated mothers in the knowledge about the weaning. (p<0.05) 3. Before the weaning, more mothers were using the commercial milk (51.2%) than the breast milk (13.2%). 4. Mothers get the knowledge about the weaning from the infants care book of cook books(26.4%). 68% of mothers had not received any consulting service with regard to the weaning, 10.2% of them consulted Pediatrician about the weaning and 0.5% of them with nurse. 5. Most mothers began supplymentary food, from four to six months (65.4%). the ratio was about the same as the ratio of mothers who knEw the appropriate time for the introduction of supplymentary food(83.2%) 6. The main solid food was commercial food, not home-prepared food. 7. Higher educated mothers used home-prepared weaning food more often than lower educated mothers(P<0.05). 8. The used rate by spoon was 57.4%, but the rate of mother's knowledge data was 95.0%. 9. The time of completing the weaning was in 12-18 months(53.8%). It is similar to the mother's knowledge data(52.7%) Conclusion ; According to knowledge data, it turns out that most mothers know moderatly about the weaning (everage 60/100). However their knowledge and practice on the methods & procedures on the weaning were inadquate. Especially, most mothers did not consult with those qualification about the weaning. Therefore, the role of the nurse as a provider of information on the weaning should be emphasized with varied educational programs in many health care center.
The Effectiveness of Assertive Training on the State Anxiety and Assertive Behavior of Nursing Students Experiencing Clinical Practice Training
Yang, Jin-Ju ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 54~67
This study was tried to investigate the effectiveness of assertive training on the state anxiety and assertive behavior which nursing students had experienced during clinical practice training from April 29, to June 5, 2000. Subjects for this study were thirty-six nursing students of practicing in a general hospital. Eighteen nursing students were assigned for the experimental group and trained by assertive training program during 4 weeks and eighteen nursing students were assigned for the control group. The assertive training program was composed of cognitive, behavioral and emotional assertive training. Post- test assessment was administrated to all subjects on a week later after the last session. The data were analyzed with SPSS PC programs. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1) There were no significant differences between the experimental group and the control group on post- intervention comparisons of the state anxiety score (p=0.230), but in the experimental group, the anxiety score more decreased after the assertive training than that in the control group with significant differences(p=0.019). 2) There were no significant differences between the experimental group and the control group on post- intervention comparisons of assertive behavior (p=0.530). However, after the assertive training, the experimental group became more assertive than the control group with no significant differences(p=0.721). 3) The hypothesis that the more the assertive behavior, the less the state anxiety experienced by nursing students of clinical practice training was supported(r=-0.397, p=0.017). On the basis of this study results, the assertive training is effective for the reduction of the state anxiety experienced by nursing students of clinical practice training.
Effects of the Educational Program for Patients of T.K.R.A.
Wang, Mi-Suk ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 68~80
This study is aimed to evaluate the effects of the educational program that is designed to help the patients of T.K.R.A. to improve their self-nursing ability. The research will show how well this program can contribute to raising of their adaptability of everyday life by decreasing the difficulties that the patients had before in their daily life. The sample persons for this research were 40 adult patients who had T.K.R.A. in our hospital, and the data were collected through the questionnaires which were given to them. For the surveying tool, Jette's scale was applied to measure the degree of uncomforting that the patients experienced in their daily life. The materials of report had been gathered from May 1st to December 10th. The collected data were analyzed with real numbers, percentage, average, the standard deviation, TorF test and Pearsons correlation. The results of this study can be summarized like follows: The survey of self-caring exercise part were processed with two groups containing experiment group and contrast group. The exercise which took the highest points in experiment group was repetition of stretching and bending knees with laid down position while taking a walk, repetition of stretching and bending knees with seated on chair position and repetition of stretching and bending knees with laid down position got high points in contrast group. There were distinctive differences in statistics between repetition of stretching and bending knees in laid down position and taking a walk. There was no significant statistical gap between the degrees of inconveniences of daily life that each two groups experienced when we compared the average of the two groups, but 12 out of 20 questions got considerable differences. According to common characters of self-caring, there was a distinctive gap in the group who left the hospital in 14days and the ones who spend more than 30 minutes with exercise. The patient group who left the hospital in fourteen days after T.K.R.A. spent more time doing self-caring exercise. In the relationship between common characters and the degree of difficulties of daily life, Exercising is effective and Spending more that 30 minutes for exercise showed visible differences. The patients who answered that exercise are effective and put more time for it experienced less pain in their everyday life. The data proved by Pearson's correlation showed the relationship between self- caring and the degree of pain of daily life. According to the result, the increasing of self-caring activities helped to down the degree of inconveniences of daily life. This data show that T.K.R.A. reduced self-caring exercise ability and daily life activities. Therefore, the medical staffs who would take care the T.K.R.A. patients should offer stable nursing through well scheduled and education materials for patients. It is also important to encourage the patients to participate to the exercise by showing them how exercise after T.K.R.A. The education program is expecting to guarantee not only the right of patients to get enough information but also effective result to decrease uncomfortable of daily life.
Development of the Parental Educational Multimedia System for Health Promotion of Children in Chungnam Province
Yoo, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Hye-Kyung ; Woo, Hee-Kyoung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 81~93
The purpose of this study was to develop Parental Educational Multimedia System for Health Promotion of Children in Chungnam province. This system includes education programs for information of diseases, prevention of disease, and health promotion of children. Computer language used in this study were html, OS used was Microsoftware NT Server 4.0, the graphic tool was Adobe Photoshop 5.5, and Webpage tool was Notepade. The results of this study were show at internet 'www. ggomalove.co.kr'. Finally, the author suggests that this system could be adequately applied to promoting children's health. Further this study contributes to designing an appropriate health promotion strategy for children.
The Effectiveness of Standardized Patient Managed Instruction for a Fundamental Nursing Course
Yoo, Moon-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 94~112
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a standardized patients managed instruction program for a fundamentals of nursing. The standardized patients managed instruction was evaluated by using a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group posttest design with two separate classes of sophomore students attending fundamentals of nursing classes at one baccaleureate nursing school in Korea. Control group was taught by traditional lecture/model instruction and experimental group was taught by standardized patient managed instruction. Data were collected from December, 1999 to July, 2000 using checklist developed by researcher on following areas; clinical nursing performance, communication skills, and learning motivation. There were 36 students in the experimental group and 40 students in the control group. Data analysis was done using SPSS WINDOW. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. Clinical nursing performances were evaluated by change position, back care and hot bag apply. The total score was statistically significant higher in the experimental group than the control group(t=3.325, p=.000). Thus hypothesis 1 was supported. 2. Communication skill was evaluated by professional attitude and ability to explain to patients. There was a statistically significant difference between the experimental group and the control group (t=4.232, p=.000). Thus hypothesis 2 was supported. 3. Learning motivation was evaluated by self-reported questionnaires. There was statistically a significant difference between the experimental group and the control group(t=3.024, p=.004). Thus hypothesis 3 was supported. In conclusion, this study suggests that standardized patients managed instruction is an effective learning method to nursing students. By utilizing a standardized patient managed instruction, learning can proceed in a more relaxed environment and reduce the risks to patients because student inexperience are avoided. It is recommended to develop more standardized patients cases for wider areas of nursing educational and evaluate the program with more students using logitudinal method.
A Social Support Measure : Reliability and Validity
Lee, Sun-Ock ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 113~125
The purpose of the study was to determine the convergent validity, discriminant validity and internal consistancy reliability of the social support and family support measuring tool. Two procedures were used : 1) Campbell and Fiske's multitrait-multimethod approach and item total correlation with Chronbach's
. The result suggest that SNM, NSSQ, SNM/family, NSSQ/famliy is a valid and a reliable instrument for measuring social support. But PRQ part2 is low in convergent validity. The results further suggest that we have to more attention to a valid and reliable likert type scale for social support.
The Process of PBL Package Development
Lee, Woo-Sook ; Park, Mee-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 126~142
Although a call for the implementation of PBL in nursing education is getting increased, it has not been actively implemented as it could be. The main reason for this situation seems to be the lack of well designed learning packages. Well designed PBL packages can be the core factor for the successful implementation of PBL. However, this seems to be the hardest task for teachers wanting to implement PBL. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a systematic framework of PBL package development process and provide the examples of its application. This framework of the process of PBL package development includes thirteen steps. First of all, the team needs to decide a topic to be explored in the package and then clusters concepts related to the topic. Second, the team selects a real situation and writes it as a story. Third, knowledge, skills, and attitudes that practitioners need to know to deal with the situation will be explored. Fourth, learning objectives will be written. The next, the team will check if the situation includes multidisciplinary concepts and content. Sixth, the story will be divided into several parts. Seventh, part 1 will be written. Eighth, clinical documents related to part 1 need to be prepared. Ninth, the team will write a suggested approach for students. Then, they need to prepare a tutor's guide for part 1. Eleventh, the team will prepare a list of reading materials and plan for lectures and clinical laboratory sessions. Twelfth, they will write part 2 ~ part N following the steps from the seventh to the eleventh. The last step is evaluating the package and amending it as needed. These thirteen steps are very detailed and easy to follow for beginners. It is expected that this framework will contribute to accelerate the implementation of PBL in nursing education.
A Study for Adolescent Smoking, Stress, Family Function and Vital Power
Jeon, Eun-Young ; Lee, Soo-Yeon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 143~156
This is a survey in order to provide basic information for smoking cessation teaching as investigate adolescent smoking, stress, family function and vital power. Data collection was done at the high school(12 class) and middle school(12 class) with quota sampling during 2 weeks from October 27, 2000. in the metropolitan area of Taegu. Total subjects of this study were 1710 students. The instruments for this study were the Life Event Checklist, Family APGAR, and vital power item among in the SF-36. Frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple logistic regression by SPSS/PC Win Ver7.5 program were used to analyze the data. The results of this study were as fellows; 1) The subjects of this study was consisted with middle school student (876, 51.2%) and high school students. The students that they have used smoking at past or current smoker was reported 18.9%. Most of the smoking adolescents reported that they started smoking during middle school age, and there were more smoking rate among vocational high school students than academic high school students. 2) There were more stress among high school, men, and vocational high school. In aspect of family function, there were reported high score among women and middle school. At the vital power, there were reported more score among men students than women students. 3) Current smokers were more likely than nonsmokers to report more stress, low family functioning. 4) In order to identify predicting factor for adolescent smoking, family function and stress were tested significant variables statistically.
A Study on the Relationship between Stress Responses and Self-Esteem : Senior High School Students Preparing for College Entrance Examination
Choi, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Keum-Soon ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 7, issue 1, 2001, Pages 157~169
The purposes of this study were to investigate stress responses of senior high school students(examines) preparing for college entrance examination and to identify the relationship between stress responses and self-esteem. The subjects of this study were 261 senior high school students from three high schools located in three different Gu Seoul Korea. Data were collected from 19th to 27th march, 1998. Stress responses were measured by SOS (symptoms of stress) inventory and self- esteem was measured by Rosenberg's self-esteem scale. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results were as follows : 1. The mean SOS score of subjects was 1.22 and that showed statistically significant according to gender difference (t=-6.00, P<0.0001) and father's occupations (F=3.10, P=0.006). 2. The mean self-esteem score was 2.77 and that showed statistically significant difference according to economic status(F=3.96, P=0.02) and father's occupations (F=2.71, P=0.01). 3. There was significant negative correlation between the mean SOS score and the mean self-esteem score(r=-0.31, P=0.0001). In conclusion, the examines had very high physiological and psychological stress responses and especially female showed higher stress responses than male. For this reason, school nurses are recommended (1)to develop appropriate stress management technique, (2) to provide more intensive care for health of female examines Nursing intervention should be developed for enhancing self-esteem of examines because self-esteem is negatively correlated with SOS.