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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 2002
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The Relationship between Anger, Personal Relationship Position and Bullying Behaviors in High School Girls
Park, Mi-Young ; Kim, Eun-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 7~16
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the high school-girls' trait-state anger, personal relationship position in class and bullying behaviors, and to develope the nursing intervention to prevent the damages of young people's mind according to the bullying conditions. Method : The objects of this study chose from the girls high schools in 'D' city and 233 students answered the questions. The data were collected from June. 11 to 20. 2001. The major instruments used for this study were Trait Anger-State Anger Scale(Chon, 1995) to inquire the level of anger and Bullying Behaviors Scale(Kim, 2000) and personal relationship position in class. Statistical analysis for the research included descriptive statistics, t-test and correlational analysis, and for the analysis of data the SPSS program was used. Result : The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1) Total participant's trait anger had a positive correlation with state anger and bullying behaviors. Also, state anger was positively correlated to bullying behaviors. 2) The participants in the classes with perceived bullying phenomenon showed higher score of trait anger and bullying behaviors than those in the classes with non-perceived bullying phenomenon. 3) According to personal relationship position of the class, central group of the classes with perceived bullying phenomenon showed higher score of trait anger and bullying behaviors than those of the classes with non-perceived bullying phenomenon. 4) Also, central group of the classes with perceived bullying phenomenon showed higher score of bullying behaviors than peripheral group in the same classes. 5) The peripheral group of the classes with perceived bullying phenomenon showed higher score of bullying behaviors than those of the classes with non-perceived bullying phenomenon. 6) Central group's trait anger of the classes with perceived bullying phenomenon had a positive correlation to state anger and bullying behaviors. Also, central group's state anger was positively correlated to bullying behaviors. conclusion : In conclusion, the level of trait anger and state anger in high school girls affected to occur the bullying behaviors in students and especially, the trait anger in central group students was primary factor for the effect.
A Study on Moral Judgement and Ethical Values of Nursing students
Kwon, Young-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 17~28
The purpose of this study was to provide the basic sources for educational program that identifies moral judgement and ethical values of nursing students. The subjects consisted of 114 nursing students in college. Data were collected by the Korean Form of Moral Development Inventory(Shin, 1997) and Nursing Ethical Values(Lee, 1990) from March 5 to 21. 2002. The findings were as follows: 1. The mean score of the stage 5B was higher than the score of other stages. The mean score of P(%) was 39.15. No significant difference were found between P(%) and general characteristics. 2. The mean score of the nursing ethical values was 3.38. The nursing students took the position of deontology slightly. In nurse-colleague relationship area(4.22), the subjects should to taking evidently deontological position. 3. According to general characteristics, no significant difference was found except nurse-patient relationship area among subcategory of ethical values. The mean score of this area by influence person of moral development were significantly different at the .05 level. 4. The trend of subjects in action choices on 4 dilemmas of the DIT showed between-subjects variability. Action choices on 'Heinz and the drug', 'Doctor's dilemma', and 'webster' were 'pro' in most of subjects, whereas 'escaped prisoner' was 'con'. 5. The ethical values in human-life area associated with action choices on 'Heinz and the drug' was significantly different . And the nursing ethical values, human-life area, and nurse-nursing task relationship area were significantly different according to action choices on 'Doctor's dilemma'. 6. There was found little correlation between action choices on 4 dilemmas of the DIT and moral judgement. Also little correlation was shown between action choices on 4 dilemmas of the DIT and ethical values. No significant correlation were found between moral judgement and nurse ethical values.
The Level of Importance and Performance of Patient Education perceived by Patients and Nurses
Koo, Hyun-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 29~37
This study was performed to investigate the level of importance and performance of patient education perceived by patients and nurses. The subjects consisted of 108 patients and 106 nurses in one university-affiliated hospital in Daegu, from February 1 to February 5, 2002. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires which were constructed to include the level of importance and performance of patient education. The data were analyzed by an SPSS program. 1) The level of importance of patient education perceived by patients and nurses was high, but the level of performance of patient education was relatively low. The level of importance and performance of patient education perceived by patients and nurses ranked as the highest in the area of diagnosis and treatment. 2) The level of importance and performance of patient education perceived by patients was not different according to general characteristics. The level of importance and performance of patient education perceived by nurses was different according to age and the working unit and the level of performance of patient education was different according to clinical career and job position. These results suggest that the level of importance of patient education perceived by patients and nurses was different to the level of performance of patient education perceived by them. Therefore nurses should actively provide patients with the educational program based on the importance of patient education perceived by patients.
A Study on the Factors Influencing Injury Prevention Practices of the Elderly
Kim, Mi-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 38~50
The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship among injury prevention practices, health locus of control, and response patterns to HLOC of the elderly. Subjects were 121 healthy elderly. The data had been collected from November 5 to 18 in 2001 and analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression. Health locus of control and injury prevention practices were measured by using MHLC scale and an instrument created by the researcher on the basis of the results of literature review respectively. The results of this study were as follows: The mean score of injury prevention practices was 2.80 and the mean scores for the health locus of control were internal health locus of control : 17.25, external health locus of control : 16.09, and chance health locus of control : 14.26. The response patterns of the HLOC identified were six types; pure internal, pure powerful others, pure chance, double external, believers in control, and complex control. The 'pure internal' was the largest group(35.5%), and the 'believers in control' was the next(31.4%). The relationship between internal health locus of control and the injury prevention practices of the elderly revealed a significant correlation(r=.215, p=.018). The relationship between external health locus of control and the injury prevention practices of the elderly revealed a significant correlation (r= .208, p=.022). There was significant difference between response patterns of the health locus of control and injury prevention practices(F=2.393, p=.042). There were significant differences between injury prevention practices and general characteristic factors, which were education, family type, administration of medication, injury experience, ADL, and self-directed search for health information. Self-directed search for health information, injury experience, and education explained 16.7% of the variance for injury prevention practices. The above results may be used as the basic data for seeking more efficient way of improving safety of the elderly.
A Study on the Relationship between Self-esteem, Self-efficacy and Clinical Practice Performance, Academic Achievement, Decision Making of Major Field in Clinical Practice
Kim, Young-Sook ; Kim, Myung-Soon ; Cho, Won-Sun ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~60
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between self-esteem, self- efficacy and clinical practice performance, academic achievement, decision making of major field in clinical practice . The study subjects consisted with 244 students from G. junior nursing college that will adapt a new majoring program of clinical nursing practice funded by Ministry of human and resources development. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and t-test, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. The students were relatively performed well in clinical practice setting (total M :3.78). The item of student's personal relationship between patients, patient's family, and professional staff showed high score (M=3.96). However students did not feel comfortable to communicate with patients, patient's family and professional staffs in clinical setting(mean=3.56). 2. Students who had experiences of temporal absence from school showed significant difference in the variable of academic achievement and decision making of major field in clinical practice Students who entered to nursing school with self-motive revealed statistically significant difference in the variable of clinical practice performance, academic achievement, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and decision making of major field in clinical practice. 3. There was a significant correlation between self-esteem and clinical practice performance, (r=.512, p<.000). And the relation between self-esteem and decision making of major field in clinical practice was significantly correlated(r=.377, p<.000). Self-efficacy and clinical practice performance(r=.567, p<.000), and decision making of major field in clinical practice (r=.441, p<.000) showed significant correlations. Also relation between academic achievement and self-esteem reveled a significant correlation(r=.129, p<.05) but correlation between self-efficacy and academic achievement was not significant. 4. Correlation between clinical practice performance and decision making of major field in clinical practice also identified a significant relation(r=.498, p<.000). 5. Self-esteem and self-efficacy variables predicted clinical practice performance and explained 37.7% of clinical practice performance. 6. Aptitude and personal interests(m=4.07) reveled important factor affecting to select majoring area in clinical practice, and advice from parents reflected low percentage on selecting places(m=2.42). In conclusion, the variables of self-esteem and self-efficacy showed significant correlations with the variables of student's clinical practice performance, academic achievement, and decision making of major field in clinical practice. Thus it is recommended that student's affective domain of self-esteem and self-efficacy should be developed by nursing intervention before clinical nursing education.
Smoking-cessation Model for Male Patients with Coronary Heart Disease
Kim, Eun-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 61~71
purpose : The purpose of this study was to find out the influencing factors of smoking-cessation behavior of patients with coronary heart disease and to suggest the model of smoking-cessation behavior which was based on the relationship between influencing factors and then to test its fitness empirically. method : This study was based on the Theory of Reasoned Action and a hypothetical model was constructed with fifteen paths in consideration of main predictive factors of smoking-cessation behavior such as biological factor, disease-related characteristics, self-efficacy, supportive factor, environmental factor, disease-related perception factor, intention-to-quit, and psychological factor. The validity of a smoking- cessation model was tested to 264 patients with coronary heart disease by using SPSS 8.0 and Window LISREL 8.12a. results : 1. Seven of the 15 paths of smoking-cessation behavior proved to be significant. 2. The final model excluded three paths in the hypothetical model was demonstrated to be improved by
=44.31 (df=38, p=.22), Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)=.98, Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI)=.96, Non-Normed Fit Index(NNFI)=1.00, Normed Fit Index(NFI)=1.00, and Root Mean Square Residual(RMR)=.24. 3.The smoking-cessation behavior was influenced directly by biological factor, self-efficacy, supportive factor, environmental factor, intention-to-quit, and psychological factor. The smoking-cessation behavior was accounted for 82% of variance by these factors. conclusion : although the adolescents' smoking behavior can be predicted by only smoking intention, it is hard to predict the adults' smoking-cessation behavior by only this factor. Therefore, intention-to-quit, self-efficacy, supportive factor should be improved because these are promotive factors for smoking-cessation behavior. Biological factor, environmental factor, and psychological factor are inhibitive factors, so nicotine replacement therapy is helpful to the high nicotine-dependents, and ex-smokers avoid other smokers in their environment and also patients should learn and practice the stress coping-skills.
Social Support, Loneliness, Alcohol Use and Perceived Health Status in College Students
Park, Mi-Kyung ; Chung, Kyung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 72~83
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of social support, loneliness, alcohol use and perceived health status in college students and to explore the relationships between the variables. The convenience sample consisted of 473 students attending a college located at Chonnam province. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire which included the PRO85-partⅡ Social Support Scale, revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, Alcohol frequency, Perceived Health Status Scale from June 10 to 25, 2001. And data were analyzed by SPSS/PC+program including descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficients. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The mean scores of social support, loneliness and perceived health status were 3.01(
) respectively. 2. Students in use of alcohol mostly reported that they had started a drinking in the period of high school(35.7%), motivated with friendship(32.6%) and drank with their friends(56.9%) in drinking frequency of 2-3times per a month(49.6%). 3. The students who have friend of the opposite sex were significantly more likely to have higher than the students having no friend of the opposite sex in scores of social support. 4. The scores of loneliness were significantly lower in female students than male students, in students with friend of the opposite sex than with no friend of the opposite sex. 5. There were significant negative correlations between social support and loneliness(r=-5.25, p<.000), and between loneliness and perceived health status(r=-0.93, p<.05), while there was a significant positive correlation between social support and perceived health status(r=1.01, p<.05). The findings suggested that supportive social support, especially lowering loneliness, would be a powerful nursing intervention in maintaining good health of college students. And, more variables affecting health status in college students will be identified with further research.
Problems and Solving Strategies on Student Evaluation of Clinical Nursing Education
Park, Jin-Mee ; Chung, Young-Soon ; Jung, Sung-Eun ; Chung, Bok-Yae ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 84~94
The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify problems and solving strategies on student evaluation of clinical nursing education. Subjects were 239 nurses in 18 hospitals from February to July, 1999. Content analysis using qualitative research method was used to analyze data taking into account the semi-structured questionnaire. The results of this study were as follows: Four categories about problems and solving strategies on the evaluation of clinical nursing education were identified: 'The environment of the clinical nursing education'; 'contents and items of evaluation tool'; 'criteria of evaluation tool'; and 'problems with evaluators in clinical settings'. The problems of the environment of the clinical nursing education were due to the lack of co-ordination between nursing schools and hospitals. In order to solve these problems, the following strategies were suggested: 'initiate a joint meeting between nursing schools and hospitals'; 'do not change the clinical settings frequently'; 'evaluate students after being familiar with them'; and 'evaluate them immediately after clinical practice was ended'. In the problems of contents and items of the evaluation tool, the contents of the tool were very abstract and general. The strategies for treating these problems were to evaluate student using the concrete evaluation items'; refrain from evaluation of nursing knowledge', develop the evaluation tools that are fit for a specific clinical setting'; develop the evaluation tools in line with students' knowledge level; and 'carry out evaluation using the proper contents of tool. The problems of criteria of the evaluation tools were the results of the lack of the clear criteria. The strategies for treating these problems were 'develop the criteria of the evaluation tool'; simplify the range of the cores or evaluate students using check-list'; to evaluate students in objective manner'. The problem of evaluators in clinical settings was due to the failure by evaluators who were not prepared for the task. The strategies were 'to educate and prepare the evaluators before evaluation'.
Research into Clinical Nurses' Knowledge, Importance and Perception of Diabetes Mellitus
Shin, Jeong-Sup ; Park, Choon-Ja ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 95~107
The purpose of this study is to determine the clinical nurses' knowledge of DM and diabetes patient education aptitude so as to provide a basis for clinical nurse training with respect to diabetes patient education program. The data has been collected through the questionnaires of 42 items from the Knowledge on DM and each 16 item from the Importance on the elements of diabetes patient and the Recognition for clinical nurses, respectfully. 166 nurses from a general hospital who had participated in clinical nurse training in Sep. 28 and Oct. 4, 2001 were subject to respond the questionnaires. Analysis has been done by using statistical method such as percentage, average, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test and Pearson correlation coefficients. The findings are as follows: 1. Clinical nurses' knowledge levels of diabetes 1) The average level of nurses' knowledge about diabetes is 29.37 (right answer- finding rate: 70%), which is intermediate. 2) Amongst the nurses classified by their knowledge levels about diabetes, the group with less than one year career and that with more than 5 year careers are found to have higher knowledge levels. The item with the highest right answer-finding rate was 'Please find the wrong out of the following examples about foot care'. Meanwhile, the item with highest incorrect answer-finding rate was 'what does blood sugar control aims for amongst gestational diabetes?'. 2. Clinical nurses' importance and perception levels of educational training about diabetes 1) There were no differences amongst nurses' importance level about diabetes. 2) Nurses usually had high scores(4.30) in terms of the items related to the importances about educational training. 3) There were quite high recognitions of general characteristics and symptoms about diabetes, amongst the nurse cohorts working more than one year and less than 5 years, and over 5 years, the group belonging to the internal department, that having the previous experiences of dealing with diabetes, and that having their diabetic relatives and other close people. Meanwhile, strangely, the group who identified themselves as 'not good at treating diabetes' had a high recognition level of educational training about diabetes. 3. Relationship between knowledge levels and importance & perception levels of diabetes 1) The higher knowledge about diabetes nurses had, the more importance they recognized. 2) It is found that there was no relationship between knowledge and perception of diabetes. 3) The more importance about diabetes nurses had, the higher perception they obtained. In conclusion, there is an urgent need for systematic educational programs about diabetes including technical aspects, in order to upgrade and improve nurses knowledge levels. In addition, re-educational training should be provided at regular intervals. Further, we believe the nurses with high knowledge about diabetes and interests in the provision of educations for patients can be far more confident, and in return, patients can have better self-management about diabetes obtained through educations. Based on the above-mentioned findings, we would like to make the suggestion: re-evaluation about nurses' knowledge and cognition levels should be carried out after job training programs about diabetes.
A Study on Health Concepts of Korean
Shim, Hyung-Wha ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 108~119
This paper as the basic study aiming the establishment of nursing theory according to Korean culture, is made to reveal the types of recognition about concepts of health immanent in Korean who have the health view, completely mixed with traditional oriental medicine and Confucianism and Buddhism and Shamanism and european scientific medicine, etc. This paper is using the Q-method, which is greatly effective in measuring the individual subjectivity, to collect rightly the concepts of health of objects. This analysis shows us the 4 types of recognition about concepts of health immanent in Korean as follows. Type Ⅰ: modern self-searching type(現代的 自己 追求型), Type Ⅱ: nature-sharing type(自然 共有型), Type Ⅲ: meaning-intentional altruism(意味 指向的 他者 中心型), Type Ⅳ: oriental adaptational type(東洋的 順應型). The men belonging to type Ⅰ have positive and self-searching view of health. They are not only interpreting the concept of health scientifically, but also positively accepting the oriental concept of health. The men belonging to type Ⅱ have strong tendency of down-to-earth. They not only have the naturalistic view of health as Taoist, but also carry the weight in the family and neighbour and regard co-sharing as excellent virtue. The men belonging to type Ⅲ are positive altruists, pursuing the meaning of life and at the same time setting the importance to the good value system. Naturally they care more the family and neighbour than themselves. The men belonging to type Ⅳ have oriental view of the world characterized by nature-adaptation. They positively agree to the Shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Oriental concept of health. In conclusion, in all types we can see that Korean understand the harmony of man and nature as fundamental principle of heath and carry the more importance to the mind(心) than body(身) and at the same time esteem more the family-centric, oriental and organic community than individual. All above facts is immersed in the concepts of health of Korean as a common denominator.
A Comparison on the Life Style and Health Status of Middle Aged Women in Rura and Urban Areal
Lee, Soon-Hee ; Kim, Sook-Young ; Lee, Young-Joo ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 120~130
This study was attempted to identify and compare in developing a health promotion program for extending healthy life expectancy of the middle-aged women and protecting health of women in the vulnerable class by comparing and researching life-style and actual conditions of health for the middle-aged women in rural and urban areas. Subjects of this study were 160 middle-aged urban women in Seoul city and chongju city and 155 middle-aged rural women in rural community goisangun. For collecting data, questionnaire was performed with structured questionnaires was used to know their actual conditions of health and life-style. Findings of this study were as follows. 1. In comparing life-style of the urban middle- aged women with the rural community, the percentage of regularly checked-up were higer urban women (46.4%) than the rural women (35%); women who have not checked up were 21.3% and 11.4% in the rural community and cities respectively, but it had a statistically significant difference (p=0.009). For the types of checkup, the rate of uterine cancer checkup than that of breast cancer self-examination or cholesterol test was higher both in the rural community(75.6%) and cities(77.4%). 2. The results of comparing actual conditions of the middle-aged women in the rural urban area were as follows; the recognition of health of the urban women was 'Very healthy (7.2%),' 'Healthy (35.5%),' 'Moderate (46.5%),' and 'Not healthy (10.3%), while the recognition of the rural women was 'Very healthy (2.5%),' 'Healthy (30.0%),' 'Moderate (36.3%),' and 'Not healthy (30.6%)'. These results showed a statistically significant difference (p=.000). Women having any problems in health were 48.1% and 36.8% in the rural and the urban respectively and it had a statistically significant difference (p=.042). For the most of health problems, arthritis accounted for 29.4% in the rural community and arthritis and constipation accounted for 21.3% in the urban. According to findings of this study, it can be concluded that rural women had more health problems, felt they were not healthy themselves and were checked up regularly less than the urban women, and their health care was poor. Therefore, more effective nursing intervention plans should be designed to enhance the performance level of health promotion for rural women.
A Study on Knowledge, Attitude, Experience in Sex and the Needs of Sex Education of One Women's College
Lee, Hea-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 131~144
The purpose of this study was to measure the knowledge, attitude, experience in sex and the needs of sex education for college students in order to provide basix sex education information for this study, the questionnaires were given to 1,210 women's students in K college of Inchon and collected during the period from June to July, 2001. These results were analyzed statistically by means of frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA and regression test. The results of this analysis are as follows: 1. The level of knowledge related to sex was relatively low. The difference of grade was 2nd. grade somewhat higher than 1st. grade and major of public science higher than literature. The scores related to sexual attitude, 45.7% of the respondent answered 'strongly agree' and 'agree' with abortion before marriage, 31.5% of the respondent answered 'strongly agree' or 'agree' with male's responsibility for premarital pregnancy. 2. To solve sexual problems, 48.0% of the respondents intended to consult their friends, 8.5% of the respondents intended to consult expert. 3. The sequence of sexual experience were 7.1% genital coitus, 5.4% masturbation, 4.5% contraceptive, 0.4% veneral disease, 2.6% rape, 2.1% pregnancy. 4. 98.4% of the respondents agreed there was a need for sex education in the college and wanted to acquire information through 45.5% special lecture, 18.0% regular curriculum, within the content of sex education, needs in order to priority are; contraceptive, sexual psychology, pregnancy, veneral disease, sexual morality etc. 5. Regarding sexual knowledge, there were no significant difference grade or major and relationship between sexual attitude and knowledge, respondents who answered 'agree' with premarital coitus had more knowledge of sexual physiology & psychology. 6. Regarding relationships between sexual experiences and knowledge, respondents who had experienced veneral disease.
Masturbation among High School Students
Cho, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Kim, Ju-Sung ; Kim, Young-Mi ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 145~154
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of masturbation among high school students. Method : The subjects were 925 high school students in Busan. Masturbation experience, hygienic management and physical, psychological condition after masturbation were measured. The data was collected from December 1998 to February 1999. The collected data was analyzed with frequency, percentage, mean,
-test, t-test. Result : 1) There were significant differences in masturbation experiences according to frequency(
=547.94, p=.000), educational participation(
=12.11 p=.001) and hygienic management(t=3.661, p=.001) between boys and girls. 2) Contact of lewd mass media stimulated students to do masturbation and they used various methods such as stimulating genital area by using hand or tools, fantasizing about sex 3) Subjects reported that they experienced fatigue, sleeping disturbance, decreasing concentration and learning desire after masturbation. Conclusion : This study suggests that replicate studies are needed. The results are also useful in developing various sex education program.
The Level of Anxiety and Relating Factors of ICU Patients
Han, Kyoung-Shin ; Park, Young-Im ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 8, issue 1, 2002, Pages 155~166
This study was performed to figure out the level of anxiety and relating factors of ICU patients as the hospitalization in ICU grows more recently. Data collection was conducted from July 1st to August 31st, 2001. The subjects of this study were consisted of 101 ICU patients who were selected according to the criteria in S hospital, C city. The instruments of the research were consisted of 14 questions of general characteristics, 20 items of STAI, VAS, 24 questions for the anxiety relating factors. And data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and pearson correlation for group difference and correlation with SPSS Win 10.0 program. The followings were the results of the study: 1. In the anxiety level, mean score on STAI was 53.7(item mean
), and mean score on VAS was 5.23. It means that the anxiety level of ICU patients was moderate. 2. Among the relating factors of anxiety, the most highest scores were 'by seeing other patient's emergency situation' and 'by seeing other patient's death' figured 3.85 and 3.79 each. And the lowest marks were 'by the unkind behavior of doctors and nurses'(2.13) and 'nurses' or doctors' indifferent actions'(2.21). And the anxiety according to the environmental factor was the highest (3.17) and the anxiety regarding to the human relationship was the lowest (2.53). 3. In the anxiety level STAI according to the general characteristics, the patients who didn't have to take care of their family showed more anxiety than who had to take care of their family(t=-2.38, p=.02). And the variables that shows a significant difference on VAS was sex and women's anxiety was higher than men's level (t=-2.56, p=.01). 4. When the physical anxiety level was compared, the patients who had to take care of their family showed more anxiety than the people who didn't have to take care of their family(t=-1.95, p=.05). In the level of anxiety relating the human relationship, the patients who had religion showed more anxiety than patients who didn't(t=2.43 p=.02). And the married patients(t=2.43, p=.01) and more educated people(F=3.77, p=.01) showed more anxiety. Even though environmental anxiety was the highest factor, it was not significant with general characteristics. 5. The anxiety and relating factors showed positive significant relationship, and physical anxiety factor showed the strongest relation with STAI(r=.21, p<.01). And VAS level showed stronger relation with every factor of the anxiety than STAI. When the VAS level became higher, the anxiety relating to physical factor(r=.72, p<.01), human relationship(r=.63, P<.01), and environment became higher. According to the above result, the environmental anxiety was the highest level than other factors in ICU patient and thus the environmental nursing intervention becomes very important in ICU. Also nurses in ICU have to support the patients who showed higher level of anxiety in this study and try to develop the nursing intervention to relieve the anxiety of patients. And it is recommended that VAS is convenient and practical instrument for measuring the anxiety level in ICU patients.