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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY SOCIETY OF NURSING EDUCATION
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 2003
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study of Nursing Students' Spiritual Care Experiences
Koh, Myung-Suk ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 175~185
The purpose: This study was to describe the spiritual nursing care experiences of nursing students who were in a university, Seoul, Korea. Method: This study is based on descriptive analysis of case studies that were submitted by nursing students. Nursing students were 64 person who were sophomores in a university of the year 2000, 2001. Results: 1. The problems that students report for their subjects were: Loss of self-confidence, body image complex, health status problems, maladaptability, economic problems of home, guilty feeling, problems with dating, loneliness, uncertainty of their future, faith problem, accountability, stress and apart from intimate friends. 2. The methods which students use to solve the subjects's problems were: prayer with subjects, use the Scripture, conversation, meet frequently, listening, frequent phone call, explore problem solving methods together, write letters or E-mails, present with books or music CD etc. 3. After the students have experienced spiritual nursing care they feel that: satisfaction, lack of knowledge of spiritual care, understanding the importance of spiritual nursing care make a new resolution for others, understanding the importance of listening, understanding the power of prayer, the need of Bible study. Conclusion: Maintaining spiritual wellness is a important as maintaining physical fitness and essential for optimal well being. Therefore educating nursing students in developing and maintaining spiritual wellness is essential for the patient to achieve holism.
A Study of the Relationship between Social Support, Job Satisfaction and Burn-out Levels of Korean Nurses in Germany
Kim, Ran ; Kim, Chang-Sook ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Park, In-Soon ; Park, Myung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 186~198
The purpose of this study was to analyze social support, job satisfaction and burnout level of Korean nurses who are working in Germany. The data were obtained from 71 nurses in terms of questionnaire which was distributed between October 2000. to January 2001. The analysis of the data was done by means of the SPSS program. The results of this study were as follows ; 1. The subjects had social supporters on the average of 8 to 9. The total social support score was 264.79. An analysis of the relationship between social support and general characteristics for the subjects was found to be statistically significant in the case of religion(t=2.783, p< .05 ) and work experience(F=2.594, p< .05). 2. The mean score of job satisfaction was the highest in interaction(3.71) followed by the relationship between nurses and doctors (3.56), and then followed by autonomy, professional position, pay, requirements, administration in descending order. So the total mean score 3.33 was based on a maximum score of 5. An analysis of the relationship between job satisfaction and general characteristics for the subjects was found to be statistically significant in the case of the thought of the value for the nurse job (F=4.977, p< .001). 3. The mean score of burnout level was 2.94 based on a maximum score of 7. Burnout level was the highest in the order of physical exhaustion, emotional exhaustion and mental exhaustion. An analysis of the relationship between burnout level and general characteristics for the subjects was found to be statistically significant in the case of planning period of employed nursing profession (F=4.113, p< .001), shift of work department (F=2.593, p< .05 ), thought of the value for the nurse job (F=3.789, p< .001). 4. The job satisfaction was found higher as the social support was higher(r= .278, p< .05). The burnout level was found lower as the social support was higher(r= .342, p< .01). The burnout level was found lower as the job satisfaction was higher(r= .478, p< .01). These results discussed on the above indicated that social support influenced on job satisfaction and burnout level, and that job satisfaction influenced on burnout level. To improve job satisfaction for the nurse, it is necessary that the role of social support as well as the method to increase it should be investigated correctly. The study to adjust as well as to prevent burnout level is absolutely needed.
Analysis of Studies on Image of the Nurses Performed in Korea
Kim, Jung-A ; Lee, Soon-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 199~211
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review and summarize the trend of nursing research on image of nurses performed in Korea and to get the preliminary data for future research. Method: This study queried 18 Korean studies performed from 1990 to 2002, selected by two online databases surfing. The studies were analyzed in terms of several standards Lee, Myung Ha(1996) suggested in her study. Result: (1) The first study on image of nursing performed at 1992. (2) 33.4% of the studies included in this analysis were performed for a thesis for a degree, 61.2% hired non-experimental research design, and only 5.6% selected study sample by simple random sampling. (3) Almost studies used the research instruments developed by Korean nursing scientist and collected research data with questionnaires. (4) The variety variables were analyzed to identify the relationship between image of nurses and the variables. (5) 88.9% of the studies included in this analysis included the suggestions for future study. Conclusion: The research findings were summarized and strategic planning for future study on image of nurses were discussed.
The Effects of Cyber Education in RN-BSN's Courses
Kim, Hee-Soon ; Oh, Ka-Sil ; Lee, Kyung-Ja ; Chang, Hwa-Kyoung ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 212~221
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects and define the educational strategies of the cyber education offered to students for Bachelor of Science degree program(RN-BSN). The participants in this study were 67 students in two courses, Growth and Development, and Nursing Process. The main components of the cyber classes were the electronic board and on-line discussion board. The study was conducted from March 4, 2001 to July 23, 2001 at Y University in Seoul, Korea. To examine the effects of the cyber education, learning motivation, and learning satisfaction were measured by questionnaires to the students before the initial class and after completing the class. Learning achievement was measured by the grades for each course. The data were analyzed using frequencies, t-test, and paired t-test. The specific results of the course evaluation were compared and analysis was done to examine differences between traditional classroom teaching and cyber teaching. The study results are as follows: 1. There were no significant differences on total scores for learning motivation between pre-cyber education and post-cyber education. However, there were significant decreases in the post test compared to the pre test for the items, ' I'd like to get as high a score as possible compared to other students (t=-2.20, p=.03)' and ' I'm sure to acquire good grades(t=-5.22, p=.00) '. 2. The average score for learning satisfaction using cyber education was high at 3.52. 3. To define learning achievement using cyber education, grades for students taking cyber classes this year were compared to student grades for a class using traditional lassroom teaching last year. The score was significantly higher for classroom students in the 'Growth and Development' course (t=-3.5, p<.001), and the score was significantly higher for the cyber education students in the 'Nursing Process' course (t=4.3, p<.000). 4. The average of post scores on computer competency was significantly higher on six items, general knowledge about computers, data management and data research, ability to communicate using computer, and internet surfing. On the basis of the above findings, this study suggests that cyber education in nursing courses is effective and readily available. However, it is recommended that consideration be given to characteristics of the course when developing cyber education programs for nursing courses.
Hope, Self-Empowerment and Existential Spiritual Well-Being of Middle aged Women
Park, Myeung-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 222~233
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between existential spiritual well-being, hope and self-empowerment in middle aged women. The subjects were 190 women who lived in Taegu, Korea and ranged in age from 35 to 59. The data was collected during the period from October 2nd to October 18th, 2002. The instruments were the revised existential spiritual well-being scale developed by Paloutzian and Ellison (1982), hope scale developed hope scale developed Nowotny(1989) and empowerment scale by Spreitzer(1995). The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows : 1. Mean score of existential spiritual well-being was 4.18. Mean score of hope was 2.80. Mean score of empowerment was 3.73. 2. The score of existential spiritual well-being showed significantly positive correlation with the score of hope(r=.508, P=.000), self-empowerment(r=.458, P=.000). 3. There were significant differences in existential spiritual well-being according to age, presence of religion, leisure time activity. 4. There were significant differences in hope according to leisure time activity. 5. The most powerful predictor of existential spiritual well-being was hope and the variance explained was 25.8%. A combination of competence, leisure time activity, meaning, impact for 37.2% of the variance in existential spiritual well-being of middle aged women. Further studies need to be done to identify the effect of competence through the repeated studies and to develop a hope promoting program which can cause positive effects on a existential spiritual well-being.
Development of A First-aid Education Program and Its Effectiveness -A Care of Mothers of infant, toddler and preschool children-
Shin, Sun-Hwa ; Oh, Pok-Ja ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 234~243
The researcher has studied the types of accidents and injuries that most often occur to infants, toddlers and preschool children. Using this knowledge, a first aid program was developed for mothers. This researcher used a Quasi experimental study which consisted of a nonequivalent control group pretest - posttest design for injury first-aid knowle. The experimental group consisted of 32 mothers, and the control group consisted of 29. The education program consisted of the types of injury, the structure and function of skin, the methods of obsevation, first-aid awareness, and the standard of professional support in case of contusion, abrasion, laceration, fracture and burn. The education program was developed and based on 'the systemetic design of instruction' by Dick & Carey(1996) and utilized multimedia text book, pictures, examples, practice and discussions to increase understanding and effectiveness of learning. The data for this study was collected from September to early November, 2001. There were two fomative evauations, pretest and posttest with an intervention of education program. The analysis of the collected data was analyzed by descriptive analysis, ANOVA, t-test and paired t-test using the SPSS 10.0 program. The results as follows; 1. The experimental group, who was given an education program before the test, got higher marks on the injury first-aid knowledge than the control group. There was a significant difference in knowledge between experimental group and control group(t=6.578, p=.000). 2. The experimental group got higher marks on the action evaluation than the control group. There were significant differences in the certainity of action (t=8.546, p=.000) and the accuracy of action (t=7.654, p=.000) between experimental group and control group. This study examined how a first aid education program increased effectiveness in the knowledge and action of injury first-aid.
Comparison of Fatigue and Quality of Life in the Women with Breast Cancer According to two Different Treatment Modalities : Chemotherapy vs Radiotherapy
Yang, Young-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 244~252
This study was intented to identify the differences of fatigue and quality of life in patients with breast cancer according to the different treatment modalities. Ninety-one subjects were recruited from a medical unit and a therapeutic radiologic clinic at a university hospital in Chungnam, Korea. Fatigue was measured using Lee's scale(1999) translated from Piper's Fatigue Scale and quality of life was measured using Yang's scale(2002). The women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy were less fatigued and had better quality of life than those receiving radiotherapy(t=-2.914, p=.005; t=2.565, p=.012, respectively). The fatigue and quality of life in the women with breast cancer undergoing cancer treatments were influenced by the weight change during the past 3 months(F=24.70, p=.039). Cancer stage, metastasis and weight were not associated with fatigue and quality of life. Health professionals can help cancer patients undergoing treatments prepare to cope with the expected side effects by providing a specific treatment-related information to them. The findings of this study can contribute the knowledge of these information.
Influence of the Social Support on their Mental Health of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Lee, Sun-Ock ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 253~263
Rheumatoid arthritis patients not only suffer from the physical damage, but they are afflicted severely mental and psychologic after effects. Their depression and low self-esteem eventually yields serious mental damages, which makes difficult for them to recover. The states of mental health of arthritis patients are diversified depending on the characters and surrounding circumstances, although they may have suffered from the similar condition. Therefore this research was conbucted to the factors that can give positive influences to the patients. In recent time, social support for the arthritis patients has become an important factor that can positively influence their mental health. In other words, social support can act as an important environmental system for arthritis patients to recover their damaged mental health. In order to fulfill this purpose, 118 patients were examined to identify the relationship between the variables. The summary of the result obtained from the research is as follow: 1. The structural aspect of social support for arthritis patients showed the most of them had various social support network size and their highest support system were 'family', 'relative' and 'friends'. The functional aspect of social support for arthritis patients showed moderate degree and their highest sub component was 'approval'. 2. High correlation was found between duration of relationship, similarity, frequency of meeting and functional support. There was no relationship between depression, self-esteem and social support. 3. Therefore this research has suggested that nurses who care rheumatoid arthritis patient consider the above condition to develop self-help group.
Development and Effectiveness of a Smoking Preventive Program for Elementary Students
Lee, Eun-Hye ; Kim, Il-Ok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 264~275
The purpose of this study were to develop a smoking preventive education program for elementary students and evaluate it's effectiveness. This study was a quasi experimental study under the nonequivalent control group with pretest-posttest design. The subjects of this study were 62 who are attending elementary school(31 for each group), 2 different district elementary school. The subjects were matched by grade, similar in anti-smoking educational background of smoking, as well as their residence and income level of their families. The instruments used in this study was 18 criterion referenced test items modeled by Dick & Carey that were developed by researchers for evaluating the subjects' knowledge and attitude about smoking. A pretest was administered a week before treatment The program given to the experimental group is composed of the texts explaining the poisonous substances in tobacco, social and cultural harmfulness of smoking to the body and psychology, indirect smoking, smoking of pregnant women, motives of smoking, refusal skills of smoking; and for the subjects' understanding and the better results of study - pictures, role play, discussion, text through computer based multi-media, puzzle searching for hidden pictures, cross-word puzzle, and finally compensation. The data were collected for 50 days form mid- September to the end of October in the year of 2000, composed of formative evaluation, pre-test and summative evaluation via 2 sessions. Accordingly, the collected data were analysed by t-test, paired t-test, repeated measure ANOVA by the SAS program. This research summarize the findings as follows; 1. There was a significant difference in knowledge between the experimental group(after 1 wks t=10.4680, p=.0001; after 4 wks t= 9.310, p=.0001) and control group(after 1 wks t=0.0420, p= .9669; after 4 wks t= -0.378 p=.7079) in between the results of 1 and 4 week after education in summative evaluation (F=27.45, P=.0001). 2. There was non statistical significant difference in attitude between the experimental group (after 1 wks t=1.2292, p=0.2286 ; after 4 wks t=1.330, p=0.1935) and control group (after 1 wks t=0.1819, p=0.8569 ; after 4 wks t=0.2970, p=0.7685) in between the results of 1 and 4 week after education in summative evaluation(F=0.71, P=0.494). To sum up, the statistics of conclusive analysis evaluative for the children under school age of the 'knowledge acquisition' about smoking harmfulness. On the other hand, as there was already sound attitude about smoking, the evaluation of attitude was non significant difference between control group and experimental group, just there was partially significant difference.
The Study on the Impact of Identity of College Students on the Participation of the Voluntary Social Activity -Focusing on Self-Esteem, Morality and Social Welfare Ideology-
Lee, Hea-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 276~287
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of social voluntary activity on the identity of women's college students. universities are functionally constituted by teaching, researching and social service. Data for analysis are collected 439 students at K women's college in other to examine research questions, t-test and regression test. The results of this analysis are as follows : First, There was any gap in self-esteem, morality and social welfare ideology between the college students who had ever experienced social voluntary activity and who had not. Second, The personal characteristics did not give an impact, but their satisfaction was under the influence of institutional support for supervision and altitude of themselves for social service, which were part of the institution characteristics. Third, The social service effectiveness was not affected by the personal characteristics, except influenced by the instituitional characteristits such as degree of compensation an influence on self-esteem. also social welfare and morality were not affected. Fourth, There was any gap in self-esteem, morality and social welfare ideology between the impact of service satisfaction on service effectiveness.
A Study on the Current Status of Drug Education among Elementary School Teachers
Jung, Mi-Suck ; Lee, Hwa-Za ; Kim, Young-Hae ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Eo, Yong-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 288~297
This study was attempted to find out the actual conditions about drug education among the elementary school teachers. Subjects consisted of nurse-teachers 175, class-room teachers 240 and athletics teachers 53 at the elementary schools in Pusan city. The data collecting period was December 23th through December 28th, 2002 and the collected data were analyzed by SPSSWIN 10.0 program using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and
-test. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The importance of the drug education in special curriculum has been agreed with 96.0% of nurse-teachers, 90.4% of classroom teachers and 92.4% of athletics teachers. 2. For the drug education, nurse-teachers used to get information through the professional knowledge books(61.1%), and internet (33.1%), on the other hand class-room teachers(80.0%) and athletics teachers (48.9%) used to get information from various media. 3. Until now, the drug education has been performed by 80.6% of nurse-teachers, 34.2% of class-room teachers and 41.5% of athletics teachers. After drug education, the results of self-evaluation showed that 73.8% of nurse-teachers and 51.9% of athletics teachers were satisfied with it, but 69.5% of class-room teachers were not. In terms of the education methodology, most nurse-teachers(85.8%) usually used both verbal lecture and multi-media materials for teaching, but class-room teachers(97.8%) and athletics teachers(81.8%) just gave the verbal lecture. 4. About practical difficulties of drug education, the biggest problem was the absence of no systematic curriculum for nurse-teachers(22.9%), the insufficient expert knowledge for class-room teachers (26.3%) and a lack of education materials for athletics teachers(37.7%). The subjects were responded that the well-qualified personnel in charge of drug education in elementary school were nurse-teachers (52.0%) or nurse-teachers and class-room teachers.
Development of Bachelor Nursing Programme
Chung, Bok-Yae ; Kim, Mi-Ye ; Suh, Soon-Rim ; Hong, Hae-Sook ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 298~309
The educational preparation of nurses has been the focus of considerable debate globally. It is needed the change of the basic nursing education for professional nurse to prepare the trends of the health care needs of clients for coming new generation. And also it is believed that educational preparation for being nurses is to be responsible to clients' needs. The purpose of the study was to develop a baccalaureate program in nursing. This study were implemented through three stages from April 2001, to April 2002.: preparation stage which were consisted of reviewing of the literatures, interviewing the fellow nurses in a variety workplace, and consulting professors who were concerned with the nursing education to identify the present educational problems, and analyzing the contents of seven major courses in nursing education, evaluation stage about a new developed curriculum with the directors of the five nursing schools, and confirmation stage of new developed education programme. The developed education programme was designed as a four year program with 126 credit hours including 39 credit hours of liberal arts, 34 credit hours of supplementary courses, and 53 credit hours of nursing major based on the four basic nursing dimensions of human, health, environment and nursing. Nursing majors were consisted of Nursing Ⅰ(oxygenation), Nursing Ⅱ(nutrition elimination), Nursing Ⅲ(activity rest), Nursing Ⅳ(neurologic- endocrine protection), Nursing Ⅴ(fluids electrolytes/sex reproductive), Nursing Ⅵ(psycho-social), Community Health Nursing, Fundamental Nursing, School Health, and Emergency care. This new nursing programme was focused on the nursing education for prevention and rehabilitation nursing care as well as the acute and chronic nursing care at hospital, on the integrated nursing programme to become effective, and the nursing process to encourage the critical thinking. The new education programme focused on the professional nurses who are responsible the nursing ethics, communication skills, and professional beliefs to suit the future trends in health. And also it will be needed for faculties to manage the integrated curriculum, to analyze the contents of each subject, and to communicate with each other before a new education programme apply to their education programme in future. This research was supported by the Han Kok Medical Science Foundation
Content Analysis of the Student Nurse's Critical-reflective Clinical Practice Experience
Jo, Kae-Hwa ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 310~319
The purpose of this study was to determine what effect reflection on clinical practice experience had students as learners and care providers. Qualitative research method was used to study a group of four-year undergraduate nursing course. Content analysis was done using the classification method of Carper's four patterns of knowing. Results of the study indicated that the use of the reflective process of clinical debriefing and journaling was impact on the aspect of nursing science, moral component of knowledge in nursing, personal knowing in nursing and the art of nursing. Especially, students moved from a passive to a more active mode of learning. The most significant finding was that over time, reflective processes resulted in the emergence of the client as the central focus of care. It was suggested that reflection was an important learning tool in professional education and that the skills required for reflection need to be developed in professional courses.
Nursing Faculty Competence and Nursing Faculty's Attitude for Lecture Evaluation
Suh, Moon-Ja ; Do, Bok-Neum ; Park, Chun-Ja ; Kim, Kem-Soon ; Im, Nan-Young ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ; Lee, Sun-Ok ; Kim, Soon-Re ; Choi, S-Mi ; Park, Young-Im ; Choi, Sang-Soon ; Jung, Eun-Soon ; Cho, Nam-Ok ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 320~328
Nurse educators' competence is considered to be important in relation to the quality of education for nursing students. The purpose of this study was to identify the nursing faculty competence and attitude for lecture evalutaion, evlauated by nursing faculty. This article presented results focusing on South Korean nursing faculty's attutude for lecture evalutaion done by students and their opinion of the importance of nurse educator competence domains. The data collection was done from October, 2002 to August, 2003 and 151 subjects were used for the analysis. The Ideal Nursing Teacher Questionnaire was used to assess nurse faculty competence. The results showed that all of the lecture were evaluated and 59.6% of clinical practice was evaluated by nursing studuents. Nursing faculty thought that lecture evaluation by students was resonable, even though it was stressful. The most important among 5 domains of nurse educators' competence assessed by nursing faculty was nursing competence. Moreover nursing faculty responed that teaching skills domain and evaluation skills domain were more important than relationship with students domain and personality factors domain. Compared to young nursing faculty, nursing faculty who was old aged reported that nurse educators' competences in 4 domains of nursing competence, teaching skills, evaluation skills and relationship with students were more important.
Inquisition of Meaning in Life for Logotherapy Application in Hospice Nursing
Choi, Soon-Ock ; Kim, Sook-Nam ;
The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, volume 9, issue 2, 2003, Pages 329~339
The purpose of this study is to consider of meaning in life based on Frankl's theory and to propose of hospice nursing according to conceptual framework of meaning in life. The conceptual framework of meaning in life is composed of 4 phases. According to the first phase, acceptance & awareness of self and life, hospice nurse should helps dying patient to accept limitedness of human existence and death. and according to the second phase, actualization of creative value, hospice nurse can helps dying patient to discover meaning in life through doing a deed for last time before his death. According to the third phase, actualization of experiential value, hospice nurse can helps them to discovery of meaning by experiencing of love through meetings with other people, nature, and god. According to the forth phase, actualization of attitudinal value, hospice nurse can helps them to discovery of meaning by realizing meaning in suffering and death through exercising of the inner freedom to choose bravery and acceptance in the face of death and misfortune. As mentioned above, the Frankl's theory accords with the core of hospice nursing that helps people to accomplish human essence in suffering and death. therefore we accepted Frankl's point of view, asserted that one of the most important roles of a hospice nurse as a supporter and sustainer for dying patients is to help patients to find meaning in life even in the course of death. To achieve the goal, hospice nurses should try to have a firm faith through philosophical introspection about life, death, human existence and meaning in life what the most important goal of life is to discover meaning in life and human have the duty and responsibility of recognizing and pursuing meaning up to the last moment of life.