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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Nov 1999
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 10, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
A Study for the Elevation of Settlement in Residential District(I)
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 1~10
The purpose of this study was to investigate the environmental factors having a influence on the preference of residential district and to furnish basic information for the successful settlement. For the purpose, residential preference and values on the residential district were estimated according to the housing life cycle. Data were collected through questionnaires designed for this study, and the objects of this research were university students. To analyze the data were used spsswin program. The major results were as follows. 1. According to the housing life cycle, there were significant differences in the preference of the residential district, living area and housing type in the future. Metropolitan and seoul, residential area and commercial area, apartment, office-hotel and row house were preferred in the housing formative. In the stable period, seoul and metropolitan, tower apartment, residential area were preferred. But in the housing reductive period, they preferred a green zone in the rural, the detached house. 2. The degree of consideration of living convenience facilities was high in the housing formative period. Both education-leisure, business facilities and marketing facilities were highly valuated in the housing stable period. But the value of welfare facilities was high in the housing reductive period. 3. The 4 dimensions of values in environmental conditions were extracted through factor analysis. They were natural, human, social, and economic factors. According to the housing life cycle, there were significant differences in factors being considered as the environmental conditions. The values of human and economic factors were high in the housing formative and stable period. Natural factor were highly considered in the housing reductive period.
A Study on the Interrelation of Architectural Composition and Type of Windows and Doors of the Main Buddhist Halls in Chosun Dynasty
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 11~21
The purpose of this study is to analyze the interrelation of architectural composition and type of windows and doors in Korean traditional architecture. Windows and doors type, in Korean traditional architecture, is one of the important element which used to playa great role in building's physical fasade, so that used to subjected the building as a whole. In this study, the investigations on the totally 88 Korean Buddhist Temples are made, and the analysis are made according to the physical size of buildings (length and height of JUGAN), composition of JUGAN, and existence of RUGAK. The result of this study indicates that there are outstanding typical differences of traditional windows and doors in advance to variation in the physical size of building, though there are numerous interrelation between typical differences of traditional windows and doors and composition of building as a whole.
Impacts of Urban-Rural Residence on Later Life
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 23~30
This study has been performed to analyze impacts of urban vs rural residence on later life. In this study, 329 Koreans aged 60 or more were interviewed for their current sociodemographic status and daily life styles. The results are drawn as follows: 1. There is no regional impact on birth order; rate of those born as the first child was not significantly different over regions. 2. For the household composition, the rate of three generations was significantly higher in rural areas than in urban areas. 3. More than 85% of the subjects lived in owned homes in rural areas, while 77% did in urban areas. 4. More than 89% of the subjects lived in single-structured homes in rural areas, while only 45% did in urban areas. The results indicate that in planning public housing for the aged, more social spaces accommodating grandchildren and ownership units need to be allocated for rural facilities. In addition, it is recommended that daily activity schedules need to be differentiated so that rural residents have meals and houseworks earlier than urban residents.
A Study of the Changes of Areal Share of Rooms and Residents' Demand for Internal Space Remodeling of Apartment Housing
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 31~40
This study examines changes of internal structure and the ratios of room sizes of flat-type apartment housing and residents' demand of housing alteration. The main results are follows: First, the auxiliary space, such as multi-purpose room, storage ＆ receiving space, becomes an important component of flat-type apartment housing. Second, apartment housings should be supplied to residents focusing on functions of space rather than the number of rooms. Third, the ratios of living room and storage space sizes have been increased as living space increases. Since the current apartment housings do not meet residents' needs, we suggest that residents' age, number of family, and economic status must be considered when apartment space are planned.
The Housing Problem appeared in Chosen Dynasty Chronicles
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 41~52
The objective of this study is to consider the disputed point of housing problem appeared in Chosun Dynasty Chronicles and to consider the change of housing problem appeared in Chronicles according to the times. The results are: Housing affairs problem appeared steadily until king Se-chong and increased sporadically under the reign of king Sung-chong, Chung-chong. General housing hardly appeared in the early of Chosun. And it appeared sometimes in the late of Chosun. Palace problem increased gradually from the early of Chosun. And in the times of king Yonsangun it appeared most highly. Later it decreased gradually, but in the times of king Kwanghaegun it increased suddenly. And it hardly appeared in the late of Chosun. National disaster problem appeared a little in the early of Chosun but increased gradually in the middle and late of Chosun.
The Review of Choonwon, Lee Kwang-Soo's Perspective about Improvements of House living in Modern Age
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 53~62
Choonwon, Lee Kwang-Soo was a literary man and activist for educational movement in modem age of Korea. This research was to review his arguments about improvement of house living. The major results of the research were as follows. First, he asked Korean people to establish solid identity of living. Second, he placed great emphasis on building hygiene facilities and bathroom. Third, he argued that the space within a household need to be divided in accordance with function. Finally he suggested Korean people to make home environment beautiful and convenient.
The Evaluation of Outdoor Environmental Quality Level at the Improvement Area of Residential Environment - Case Study of Taegu -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 63~70
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outdoor environmental quality level at the improvement areas of residence and examine the changes of these areas where the improvement process has been performed. The indicators of outdoor space were examined for case study and several improvement areas were selected and analyzed in terms of these indicators. The improvement areas may be divided into two branch, one is a housing improvement area and the other is a multi-family housing area. The results of this study were as follows; 1) Land-use intensity in both cases was much higher than before. 2) Open space ratio in the housing improvement areas was not enough but in the multi-family housing areas was enough. 3) The road ratio in both cases was much higher. 4) Parking space was not enough to accomodate all the cars in projects. 5) Public facilities and green space did not exist in housing improvement areas but existed a little in multi-family housing areas. In order to improve the environmental quality level, the proper residential density such as dwelling density, open space ratio, land-use intensity should be planned in advance.
A Study on Typology and Size of the Master's Space of the Apartment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 71~81
The purpose of this study is to propose a way of making the master's space of the apartment suitable for new housing need. This study is to research the typology of master's space which is one of the major component of apartment plan. And also transition of the typology and size of master's space were analyzed. The 895 examples of unit floor plan were selected and classified according to the net area. The object of this study is the apartment plan which were constructed in Seoul, Il-san and Bun-dang and whose area is above 100 ㎡. Through this analysis and research, this study is to provide the basic data for actual design process and to suggest future trends of apartment houses.
A Study on the Decorating Design of the Handrail in the Korean Traditional Dwelling Houses
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 83~90
This study is concerned on the decorating design and method of handrail of the old residential houses. The method of studying is proceeding to select and survey the houses identified as the cultural properties that have the value of heritage in the handrail design. The conclusion as following ; Handrail play not only functional part but embellished part. The wood Handrails can be classified in two styles ; One "pyung"(평) style, another "keja"(계자) style. The former is composed of straight lines which looks simple. On the other hand, the latter contains the elavorated decoration which gives solid beauty. In conclusion, the characteristic of the handrail in Korean structure is found in the changing the sense of the lineal and curve beauty into the symmetrical line, and is fund in the variety of the high qualified details. Over its esthetic senses, the residents'hope and need for the goodness such as good omen, rich longevity and getting boys and formed as passive symbolic world, and the auspicious signed letters and the geometric and natural forms of plants, are expressed upon the decorating design of handrail. design of handrail.
A Study on the Change of the Organizing of Living Space at the Existing a Residential District due to the Area Redevelopment - focus on the characteristics of common space of residential district-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 91~99
The shortage house in seoul is an important issue of which has been caused by the population concentration. The apartments and large housing complex had begun to build up to solve its problems, but the apartments on a small scale have being constructed recently due to the growing of a land value. As a result of these, the problems appear to the system and organization of a present residential district. This study has a purpose of researching about the change in the sphere of resident system and the organization, as the apartments being made up on the present residential district.
A Study on the Architectural Meaning of Chosun Bank's Official Residence in the Japanese Colonial Period
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 101~109
The Japanese style official residence were built by Chosun bank during the Japanese colonial period. The purpose of this study is to find out the architectural meanings of Chosun bank's official residence, its influences on Korean modem dwellings through trace of the original form and actual survey on the residence. We could understand influences of the rationality, also through the process of prototype's transformation and maintenance's change, we can know that the residence's modernizing process don't have the inflow onesidedly but the process of the collision and the assimilation to the differences between the residential sense and one's culture.
A Study on the Characteristic of the Thermal Environment in the Cooling System at the Apartment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 111~120
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of the thermal environment created by the cooling system at the apartment that combines the forced convection cooling(the system reducing humidity from room) with the floor cooling radiation which uses the floor panel from floor heating system, a general residential heating system in Korea. In this study, the combined cooling system in which air supply, spurt temperature difference and interior draft are reduced, is compared with the existing forced convection cooling system. To identify the effect of the comparison concretely, a comparative experiment is carried out on tour conditions, ie, convection cooling, floor radiation convection cooling and floor radiation cooling. Through it the characteristical thermal environment formed within the model room is analyzed, and the conveying system of compressed floor chill and condensation problem are reviewed.
A Study on the Territorialization and Boundary of the Korean Traditional House
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 121~135
Korean Traditional Houses had been composed of several territory. Sarang-Chae was territorialized from the functional differentiation and the sexual discrimination of Confucianism. The territory of ancestral shrine was formed with the filial duty of Confucianism. Korean Traditional Houses have the visible, material boundary and invisible, symbolic boundary which is repeated into the inner space. Korean Traditional Houses are appreciated as the enclosed territory which the sacred inner space of the house is in opposition with the profane outer space, and the inner space of the house has hierarchical boundary by the hierarchy of the house god.
A Study on the Behavioral Patterns and Furniture Usage in An-Bang of Apartment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 137~146
The purpose of this study is to analyze the behavioral patterns and furniture usage in An-Bang of apartment. For this purpose, a survey was conducted by 215 housewives who lives in Taegu by the size of floor space, 20-49 Pyong. The data were analyzed by using frequencies, percentage, mean, factor analyzing, χ²-test, cluster analyzing. The results of the study are as follows: 1. The major behavioral patterns in an-bang is sleeping, make-up. fitting, but can't be neglected family-gathered and guest meeting. 2. The patterns of furniture usage are grouped into four clusters and principle furniture arrangement is floor type. 3. Behavioral patterns and furniture usage related with factors.
A Study on the Environmental Philosophy and the Ecological Planning for Housing Developments
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 147~159
As we have come to realize the problems caused by the modern civilization as well as the importance of the preservation of nature. Ecological building and urban design come to attract more attention. Therefore, the object of this study is providing the design factors and improving the design methods for the developments of ecological housing complex, harmonious with environment. Followings are the results of this study: 1. We need to turn to new trend-Ecological architecture which enables the co-exitence of nature and human being to come over the presence and face new decades. 2. Ecological architecture is based on energy-saving system and give people a healty and comfortable atmosphere. 3. In the city area, the house development should be undertaken to minimize the environmental problem through extremely high ehhiciency and technonogy. 4. We need a new development to preserve natural environment in the suburvan and small or medium city. 5. We have to develope the approach method, which is to maintain the frame of present ecological environment, to be in sympathy with geomorphology, to use the natural material in the rural community.
A Study on the Expression of Contemporary Architecture Based on the Model of 'Nature and Human Perception'
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 10, issue 4, 1999, Pages 161~174
This study tried to search for solutions of present problems in architecture through interdisciplinary study which includes biology, literature, aesthetics, and psychology, and set up two models composed of the nature and the human perception which contemporary architecture has problems on. By nature-oriented approach through biology and romanticist literature, the five types of organic principles which could be obtained from structure and order in natural system and by human perception-oriented approach through aesthetic theory of Harold Osborne and perceptual and cognitive psychology the structure and order of perceptual arousal, perceptual balance, and perceptual order in human cognition based on perceptual appropriateness could be found. The unified and organic framework of architectural composition must be considered through a deductive and inductive study as this study was approached. The results of the present study can be applied to construct human-oriented design principles and factors in architectural space and form, and better environmental quality.