Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 11, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Housing Consciousness of the Parent & Children generation for the 3-Generations Sharing
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~12
Comparing with an upper generation who have experienced a living with a extended family in a sudden aged tendency, the Parent & Children generation who haven't had a experience in it. So they have much different life styles each generation. It may cause many problems that many generation are living in a common residential space. Further more every generation gets their own characteristic of the life style. In addition, the middle & lower generations's understanding can be explained on their position about an Grand-parent generation's using. In this study, I am going to find out the problems in these situation in comparison with each generation's understanding dwelling environment among them, and then analyze what affection of 3-generation sharing preference standard is given by the differences each generation have with the above result. The standard of living with an Grand-parent generation ; Children generation or living separately through evaluating the Parent & Children generation's residence surroundings will be estimated and the standard of importance of sharing house will be analyzed. And then the result will be used as basic information of planning the 3-generation sharing house.
A Study on the Residence and Consciousness of Cohabitation of Three Generations Family
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 13~23
This study is to reveal the multi-generations' cohabitation and housing conditions are necessary for each generations to take over the homelike interchange as maintaining the excessive self-support. The subjects of this survey were 151 men and women over 60 years and older in Mokpo. The survey revealed that most or the people owned their own homes, and in many cases that the parents bought the home. There are many cases in which parents have been living with their own homes, and in many cases that the parents bought the home. There are many cases in which parents have been living with their children's families, since their children got married, and there many people who think that cohabitation is natural. In the aspect of living, the families normally eat together but there is a separation in economy and entertainment. There are many renovation and remodeling of a house to adjust the situation of three generations' cohabitation.About 70% of people experience problems with cohabitation. In particular, many cases involve the
Housing Life Styles of Apartment Dwellers by Alteration in Ulsan
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 25~36
The purpose of this study was to analysis housing life styles of apartment dwellers by alteration in Ulsan, got hold of the influencing variables of housing life styles and indicated source materials about the plan of alteration of apartment dwellers. As a methodology for this study, questionnaire survey were used. The number of 228 cases were analyzed through SPSS PC+. For the analysis of the data, such techniques were used as reliability analysis, frequence analysis, factor analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis.The major findings of this study were as followings: 1. Housing life styles of apartment dwellers by alteration in Ulsan identified five factors. In order of decreasing importance, these factors included: i)practicality, ii)ornament, iii)the faculty of space, iv) actuality, and v) spending habits. 2. The size of a family, wife's education, income, cost of alteration, and the area of installment sale were the most significant factors that influenced housing life styles of apartment dwellers by alteration in Ulsan
A Case Study on the Entry-Level Housing Trends in American Suburbs
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 37~44
The purpose of this research is to examine the evolution of low-cost sales housing and give suggestions for the future housing for the 21st century. This paper investigates the trends of low-cost suburban housing since world War II, as examplified by the Levitt housing in the Northeastern regions of the States. This research analyzes the trends of 14 variables including total floor area. lot size, living room size, kitchen size, mean bedroom size, master bedroom size, number of bedrooms, number of bathrooms, family room, garage, number of story, appliances and features, values, and values per sq ft. Nine entry-level houses were chosen as cases for comparative purpose at different points in time from 1940's to 1990's. This research finds that house sizes have been grown until 1960s, but this trend has reversed with shrinking economy and changing family lifestyles. The trend for smaller housing equipped with several features and convenient equipments will be continued for the next decades to come.
Residents' Attitudes for the components of Home Environment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 45~56
This study is to find out the residents' attitudes for the components of home environment. This study proceeded with purposes 1) to define the components which are used to evaluate home environment and 2) to suggest the profile of home environment by analyzing the rate of significance and consideration for them. A survey was conducted by 511 housewives who live in Pusan, and analyzed by using frequency, percentage, mean, factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe's test. The major findings are as follows: 1) The 16 elements were selected as the components which are used to evaluate home environment. 2) As for residents' attitudes, the profile of the rate of significance and consideration for the components showed generally high as over 3.0(mean) in all elements. 3) A comfortable environments, safety, housing atmosphere, traffic environments and educational environments were found out as elements that were very significantly recognized and considered in the profile. 4) As for residents' attitudes according to housing and household characteristics, there was a difference in a few elements.
Influential Factors of Continuous Residence in Profit Assistant Living Elderly Facilities -Focused on Literature Review of the Cases of the United States-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 57~68
This study has been performed to review critical issues affecting continuous residence in profit(self-paid) assistant living facilities for the elderly in the United States. There are three factors influencing continuous residence of frail elderly in the facilities as long as they want without involuntary discharge : Financial ability, behavioral aspects, and facility management situation. Regarding financial ability, income, purchase of insurance policy, cashable assets, willingfulness to pay, and health status were found to be crucial determinants of continuous residence. Overall, 40-50% of those aged 65+ are financially able to stay in the assistant facilities as long as they want, without involuntary discharge. As for behavioral aspects, extroversions, congeniality, culture & life style, conscientiousness, preference for person, and physiological habits were found to be crucial determinants of continuous residence. As for the management situation, it is essential that facilities reach nature level of self-governing rights of the older residents and good local images, and conflicts among the residents and managing parties be resolved on the agreeable standards of inspectors. finally in this study, it is proposed that in Korea, national pension authority offer a liability package for assistant residence, for the case of individual bankruptcy.
Adolescents' and their mother's responses to the age standard not to share bedrooms among family members
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 69~78
The purpose of this study was to find out adolescents' and their mothers' responses to the minimum standard of age suggested by previous research not to share bedroom among parents and child, children of the opposite sex, or children of the same sex. The data from 310 pairs of junior school students and their mothers were analyzed. The results showed that the percentages of agreements to the suggested ages were not the same. Adolescents were in general more likely flexible to the minimum age than were their mothers. The age standard of the opposite sex children over 10 years old must not share a bedroom was the most agreeable both to child and mother. Both mother and adolescents' children were more likely flexible to the rule that parents should not should not share a bedroom with a child over age 5. However, they were serious about sharing a bedroom between same sex children regardless age. Further research should reveal precisely the age standard represent the high agreement among the family members.
A Study on the Preference of Apartment Housing According to X-generations Life style Type
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 79~87
The objectives of this study are to identify life style of X-generations in seoul, and to examine housing preference of X-generations. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaires for this study and the cases of four hundred and sixty one were analyzed. The major findings are as follows:There were four major types of X-generations want to reside in 102-135㎡ (30-40pyung) housing size. They want the specific space for leisure, working, interest, computer, sports, dressing, etc. They prefer L-DK type, kitchen furniture of a island shaped work center. X-generations consider facilities of apartment very important. They want to have automatic and high quality facilities. Housing preference differed significantly according to the socio-demographic variables and the types of life style of X-generations.
A Statistical Review on the changes in the Structure of Households with the Elderly in Seoul, Taegu
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 89~102
This paper aims to analyze the changes in the structure of households with the eldery in Seoul and Taegu by time trands, using census data. The conclusions are as follows: The rate of the Single and Couple and Couple+Parent(s) Households with the eldery have been increasing. The rate of 3,4 generation households with the eldery has been decreasing. The trend towards single and Couple Households in Taegu was higher than that in Seoul. The result this paper is opposite to common knowledge that in general the speed of change in the large city is higher than that of in country town. And it is coincide with the results of the former papers of the writer.
Current Techniques for Residential Site Design -The Case of Onohara District, Japan-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 103~113
The main purpose of this paper is to provide useful infonnation for residential site design in Korea by analyzing Japanese case. The important characteristics of Japanese design techniques are follows. First, the characteristics of residential site development can be expressed as "eco-friendly" and "public order". The patterns of spatial use also focuses on living environment improvement. Second, variety replaces unity in internal mobility plans. For example the width of street, size of park are not same in a site boundary. Third, to avoid street parking and commodity exhibition, commercial buildings are set-back and public parking lot is constructed. Fourth, fences of private house are made of trees rather than bricks. It connects green environment between internal and external space of houses.nal space of houses.
Needs for Shared Community Spaces Among Apartment Housing Residents in Kwangju City
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 115~124
The purpose of this research is to examine residents' needs for shared community spaces and to explore the relationships between these needs and characteristics of consumers such as age and employment status of the homemakers, family life cycle stage, occupation of the primary income provider, housing size, and homeownership. Statistical data were compiled to determine frequencies and percentage distributions, and subjected to General Linear Model and Duncan-test analysis.Most residents wanted to utilize the basements of their complexes for storage space. Further interest was shown for shared community spaces that would be run by residents themselves, such as vegetable gardens, indoor playgrounds for children, senior citizen's activity rooms, walking paths, study rooms, and lounges. Female residents under 45 years old were likely to express needs for storage spaces for bicycle, and multipurpose rooms for meetings and family events. Female residents with jobs were more likely to desire shared community spaces than full-time females residents were. These findings imply the need for consideration of diverse plans rather than uniform ones. This results can be usefully applied to develop new apartment housing for different social class residents.
A Study on the space organization of Korean-Chinese single family housing at the urban area in Liaoning Province, China
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 125~135
Recently, the space organization of Korean-Chinese houses is different from that of other territories. The vast land of China, coming from different hometown in Korean peninsula, and the different hometown in Korean peninsula, and the different procedure of settlement seem to make the different space organization of Chinese-Korean single family housing at the urban area in Liaoning Province.The characteristics of the Korean-Chinese space organization of single family housing at the urban area in Liaoning Province are as follows;i)Three types of space organization are central kitchen type, central corridors types, and central living room type. ii)The central kitchen type is mainly in old urban housing, after 1980's, the central corridor type appears in single family housing, and central living room type appears 1990's.iii) It seems that the main reason to change the space organization are fuel, system of heating, influence of Korea housing. Especially, Korean-Chinese like central living room type that is suitable for sit down living style. This central living room type supposes to be used as popular space organization in urban housing.
A Study for Common Facilities and Services of Apartments for the preschool children
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 137~149
This study examined to find out for Common facilities and services of apartments for the preschool children to grope for the way of more suitable environments about increasing the apartment house in Korea. According to the purpose of this study, the subject survey was confine to housewives, who have preschoolers, in the apartment of metropolitan Seoul and its newly developed satellite cities. The major findings were as followers: 1)As a result of analysis by each item for common facilities and service according to social and demographically characteristics of the subjects, the difference in demand between groups was recognized in employment of housewives, monthly average house income, and age of housewives. 2)For the preschool children housewives desired the community child care be placed at the first story of apartment and kindergarten is placed at a separate space, and playhouse is located at the first story or separate space. 3)For the preschool children housewives desired the apartment located at sub-city then the city or rural area etc.
A Study on the Web Database Construction for Modern House Plans
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 151~158
The purpose of this study is to analyze systematically the characteristics and types of contemporary houses and to offer information concerning houses based on web database. This study deals with single-unit Korean houses designed by modern architects, which appeared in architectural periodicals and books published since 1990. This study sets three analysis criteria : general characteristics, morphological characteristics and functional characteristics of houses. Also, the web database including analysis contents is constructed to attain various information of the houses and results. The process of constructing the web database and the search method for house information retrieval are described. It is concluded that contemporary houses show various aspects of their plans in certain specific types. By using web database we obtained various analysis on house plan. This study investigated practicality of web database in architecture, interior design and house studies, and the types of contemporary house plans are revealed as well.
A Study on The Energy Conservation System in House for reducing the Environmental Load
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 159~169
This study was examined the energy conservation and the environmental value through the computer simulation employing the micro cogeneration system and the photovoltaic power generation system in house. The results of this study were as follows:1. In case of the micro cogeneration system. With the conditions of 'the electric produced by the micro cogeneration system was not sold to the electric power company', 'control quantity of commercial power supply was 10%' , 'operating time was 6 hour', 'minimum load rate of generator was 50%', and 'having a storage tank', the micro cogeneration system was superior compare to the comparative system in 2.4% of the energy conservation and 4.18% of the environmental value. 2. In case of the photovoltaic power generation system. 1) The 66.9% of total generated electric power from the photovoltaic power system was sold to the electric power company. That is, it could help to preserve the electric power from commercial power supply.2) There is a possibility of cutting the fair rate of electric power.
A Study on the Characteristics of Sound Insulation at the Circular Voided Concrete Floor in the Multi-Housing
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 11, issue 1, 2000, Pages 171~181
The purpose of the resent research is to investigate the characteristics of sound insulation at the circular voided concrete slab in the multi-housing. In order to do this research, the method for field measurement of floor impact sound level was used following the Korea Standard F2810-1996. For the multi-housing, three kinds of circular voided concrete slabs are used to measure the characteristics of sound insulation.The results are as follows; 1.The main factor affecting the characteristics of sound insulation at the circular voided concrete slab in the multi-housing is sound-absorbing materials in the circular tube. 2. The main factor to effect the difference of sound pressure level is circular tube in the concrete slab. 3. The forms of circular tubes effect the characteristics of sound insulation at the circular tube. 4. Sound Pressure Level resulting from the piping direction of circular tubes in little different to octave band level.More study will be needed about the depth and distance of sound insulation materials, and the components of sound insulation materials for the multi-housing.