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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 12, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on Characteristics of Apartment Housing Unit Plans
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of apartment housing unit plans based on analyzing overall patterns of housing unit plans and identifying the types of unit plans according to the size and to provide the fundamental data for developing diverse dwelling unit plans of apartment. This study deals with apartment housing unit plans built between 1999 and 2000 in Seoul, the capital region and new town. The major findings of this study are as follows; 1) Most apartment housing unit plans have fixed and uniform layouts. Most apartment housing units have L-DK type meaning they have isolated living room space. Certain layouts(especially
sized unit plans) show a "trickle-down" phenomenon with respect to the areas of units according to time series. 2) New plan types are rarely proposed since 2000, especially in large-sized(area more than
sized plans. 3) Another feature of apartment housing unit plans is increase of the service are (balcony, entrance area, additional kitchen, and storage area), and introduction of masters space (composition of master bedroom, dressing room, powder room, path, and etc.) and etc.)
-A Preliminary Study on Collaborative Housings in Korea-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 13~23
These data were acquired by 630 residents at Changwon city and Masan city in Kyungsang-namdo. 66.7% of them were positive or strongly positive on collaborative housings. This is presented the emerging housing needs because they were fed up with the present supply system of housings. They wanted that collaborative housings is low rising buildings and under 20 dwelling units, but rather to protect their own private spaces than to actualize community or common spaces. Sport facilities and parking spaces were the favourite spaces, but common dining room and laundry etc were disfavor spaces of community spaces. Now, to actualize the collaborative housings will be need the coordinate groups to have the special knowledge and experience.
Resident's Requirement and Facilities Planning on the Shared Facilities and Space in the Multi-family Housing
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 25~34
In this study, the shared facilities and space in the multi-family housing which residents could maintain contacts with their neighbors were investigated and analyzed. It could find the shared facilities and space so that residents could maintain to contact with their neighbors after surveying the dwellers requirements. Also it could specify the importance of the neighborhood common spaces and the conditions for the planning of the shared facilities. Analyzing residents requirement of set-up location, this study lead to the following suggestions concerning the facilities design: In the first neighborhood-circle, it require to be related the household affairs of housewives on the adjacent space to a dwelling-unit. In the second neighborhood-circle, it require especially the facilities for children play, study, reading, hobby etc. These facilities need establish each 4-5 floor in high-rise building estates. The roof & underground floors has been recognized in important & essential place for living facilities. Therefore, it is needed to improve to get ready to receive the various facilities.
Psycho-physiological Effects of Visual Perception in Super-high Rise Apartment Exterior
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 35~43
This study examines psycho-physiological effects of visual perception in super-high rise apartment exterior space. Theoretical research was used to explain the psycho-physiological effect of visual perception and case study was carried out to evaluate the physiological response of the subjects. For the physiological evaluation, six slides were chosen and the EEG was used. According to the results of the case study, the central nerve was activated by the slides with pleasant scenic views. In shows that the scenery composed of natural scenic elements effects psychological condition positively. Scenic views with natural scenery have a direct correlation with positive attitude. In conclusion, the results of this study show that the exterior space should contain natural scenic view to help users decrease their visual stress.
An Analysis of Rank Correlation between the Apartment Purchase Price Decision Factor and Amenity decision Factor with cognition of the Consumer.
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 45~54
The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlation between the Apartment Purchase Price Decision Factor and Amenity decision Factor with cognition of the Consumer. The result are as follows; 1. The correlation coefficient between the Apartment Price Decision Factor and Amenity decision Factor with cognition of the Consumer was 0.587. 2. The ranking of the purchase price factor which it prefers were analyzed orientation > sunlight > view > the rising price expectation > natural environment etc. And the ranking of the amenity were analyzed orientation > natural environment > view > sunlight > noise etc. 3. Consumer group was classified the location, sex, year of ages and unit scale. The rank correlation coefficient of (the significant was below 0.05) sex was 0.617~0.644, year of ages was 0.62~0.771 and unit scale was 0.762~0.852. This research proved the fact that the amenity correlated with the apartment purchase price decision factor, so amenity contained an economic value. And this result will be used in decision-making-process of apartment construction.
The Development of Community Programs in Multihousing -The Evaluation and the Actual Conditions of Community in Multihousing in the City of Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S.A-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 55~63
The purpose of this study was to develop the community programs of multihousing in Korea through evaluating and analyzing the actual conditions of community in multihousing in U.S.A. This study was conducted by using a field survey and questionaire at the 2 multihousing complexes located in the City of Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S.A. The major findings were as follows: 1) There was a variety of community programs and facilities, such as a monthly newsletter which allowed information to be exchanged among all residents. The programs also provided news on events for the children, teenagers, college students, adults and seniors. These events were held at the club house or pond area. 2) The average degree of satisfaction of these programs and facilities was high. 3) Korea need to follow the example of the U.S.A by i) providing a monthly newsletter periodically to exchange information ii) offering a variety of community programs iii) providing programs regarding district bureau of public administration, kindergarten service, telecommunications office and holding service for package, registered mail, drycleaning, etc.
A Study on the Architectural Means of Mo-Jung
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 65~76
The study background is that Mo-Jung happens as the produce of the agricultural society but it is not easy to find it beside Ho-nam area. Because of this, it results construction has. The study progress is to understand the happening time, and regional cause the Mo-Jung construction has. The study progress is to understand the happening time of Mo-Jung, constructional meaning, and the meaning of Mo-Jung with the investigation method of literature consideration of the village society, data of the existing study, survey investigation, interview, and question through the process of analyzing the characteristics of differentiation of the village and Dure organization. 1. Mo-Jung construction has the meaning of vernacular construction reflecting the meaning of village community intensively as an element comprising the village, and the territory of Mo-Jung space is revealed as the male space. 2. The economic wealth of the village community and the image reflecting the community sense are stood out. 3. It is the reason why Mo-Jung construction is limited to Ho-nam area and is explained as the life style difference each village community has, the regional characteristic difference Dae-dong play of Yong.Ho-nam areas have, etc. so to speak. 4. It is estimated that the happening time of Mo-Jung is after the 18th century when the agricultural As my suggestion, Mo-Jung construction is the construction phenomenon reflecting the phenomenon of social change directly and it is to suggest the possibility of approaching the regional housing construction as the life style difference the life community of each area has is reflected. production quantity was increased and Dure organization was activated.
A Study on the Systematic Housing Plan Presentation Using Visual Perception Theories -Focused on the Composition of Presentation Panel-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 77~85
Along with the development of creative design ideas, how to effectively present design concepts is also an important consideration on housing plan process. This could consequently make it possible to automate presentations. In spite of such needs of presentations any significant efforts for the systematic design presentation have not been made yet. The research goals established in order to solve these problems are to develop structures of presentation and analyze the cases of it. This paper explains structures of housing plan presentations in two ways: the compositional elements of panel presentations and the relationships among the elements. The elements include a project title, a synopsis, design concepts, building layouts, floor plan1 and 2, longitudinal and latitudinal elevations, sections, projection and perspective views, and model photographs. Among various relationships among panel compositional elements this study uses relationships based on the Gestalt theory, the balance theory by Rudolf Arnheim and the optical array theory by Gibson. The relationships investigated on the basis of the visual perception theories include the relationships between compositional elements and background space, visual weight balance, horizontal and vertical balances, grouping, and visual layout patterns.
A Study on Office Workers' Preference for Spatial Characteristics of Home Office
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 87~95
The number of people working in their own home has been increasing, and this will change the form of house. Therefore, it is necessary to plan the new house for the people working at home, and to offer business related working area. This study was designed to know the office workers preference for spatial characteristics of home office. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey. The subject were 257 office workers living in Seoul area. Frequency, percentage, and MM2 :
-test were used. The results showed that the place for home-office should be located independently inside house. The desirable size for the home-office might be 3-4 pyung. If the place for home-office share with other places, livingroom of bedroom, it is necessary to develop furniture and partition matching with residential furniture and atmosphere. Office workers prefer U-shaped workstation and coner-shaped workstation.
The Resident Consciousness about Re-modeling Living Space
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 97~107
The survey was conducted to analyze the consciousness of residents about the re-modeling living space. The results of this study are as following; 1) The most of respondents have answered very positively in the idea of re-modeling in the near future. Re-modeling will be done in the entire space of housing. 2) It is shown that the desire of re-modeling is various, for example, the higher desire of expansion is arisen by someone who has the smaller space. 3) There are some cases; such as the space of balcony is added to the living room to expand the space of living room or the space of balcony is added to the bed room to expand the space of bed room. In this cases there might be some needs in architect technique.
The remodeling contents by the length of residence in small and medium-sized Apartments Resident -In Pusan and Ulsan areas-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 109~122
The purpose of this study was to find out the remodeling contents by the length of residence of remodeling the housing for 472 households living in small and medium-sized apartments in Pusan and Ulsan areas. The subjects of this survey have remodelled their housing 1.58 times during 4.57 years of residence in average. All of them had changes of finishing in living rooms, masters bedrooms, other bedrooms, kitchens and dining rooms and changes of facilities in kitchens, dining rooms, living rooms and bathrooms. The changes of structure and use age have been performed only by the limited numbers of households. Time of remodelling was mostly right after moving in and then about once in two or three years. But it differed according to the room of the housing and the types of remodelling.
Design Elements for Community facility in Housing Complex
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 123~132
The purpose of this study is to analyze the elements of community Design for urban housing complex, and to suggest design criteria for urban housing. It is recognized that the community facilities has to fit within the urban fabric. However with a correct focus, the community activities can acquire its own identity around which its internal social and economic activities can flourish. A community needs a focus and a well ordered hierarchy of all amenities in a balanced and cohesive environment. This has been achieved within the framework of following parameters as follows: Focus and Identity of community, Cohesion of areas and activities, Accessibility of general facilities, Community and institutional provisions, Safety and Hierarchy of commercial activities.
The Site Planning of Idyllic Housing Development
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 133~142
The development of idyllic housings, is in increasing growth in the suburban areas of Seoul, presents some critical problems such as in sufficient common open space and poor living condition, which are mainly caused by disorderly designed. Through comparing planning indices of idyllic housing, this paper aims to diagnose the condition and causes of those problems and to present some basic issues on improvement direction. The causes of problems can be summarized as the blind point in regulation system, the shortness of planning elements of a housing block which includes road systems and public facilities, and the mismatch of housing type with density, on which includes road systems and public facilities, and the mismatch of housing type with density, on which hereafter improvement suggestion should be focused. And this study suggest the simulation models on an ideal idyllic housing to be applied in our forthcoming idyllic housing of Korea, which can indeed become a generalized alternative to the livable idyllic housing.
Preference for Urban Residence of People working in the CBD Area
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 143~150
The purpose of this study is to analyze the preferences for urban residence. Data was collected from the people who are working in the CBD area. The results of this study are as following; 1) The 40.3% of people working in CBD area prefer living in the CBD area. It contains 5.6% of people who are working in the CBD area. It can be interpreted that there are some potential residential preference in the CBA area. 2) People who prefer living in the CBD area are shown that they have been working in the CBD area for a long time with their living status of the middle class and their ages over 50. 3) The favorable area for CBD workers is located within 10 minutes by bus or within working distance. 4) Their favorable housing types are respectively apartments, mixed, and single housing. It means that they prefer the mixed functioning type of housing to the apartment. It tells that it is necessary to develop the new types of housing.
A Study on the Change of the Housing Supply and the Residential Density in Daegu
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 151~160
The purpose of this study is for investigating characteristics of changing residential density and relations between housing supply and redistribution of population in Daegu. As a result, the following conclusions could be made. First, land development and housing supply have important effect on distribution of population and changing residential density in Daegu. Second, according to massive site development to meet the housing demand in suburban area, the suburbanization has begun and build-up-area grows faster, so centre of gravity of residential density increasing rate has moved to the suburban. Third, the inner district and the district near urban centre will need remodelling or redevelopment project in the near future.
Association between housing status and demographic factors in later life
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 161~169
This study has been performed to analyze association between general housing status and demographic characteristics such as family extension period, total fertility within a family, male birth rates, and birth order among the elderly in Korea. In this study, 183 subjects aged late 60s to 70s were interviewed for their childbearing history under legal marriage and current housing status such as tenure, residence(urban vs rural), and household composition. In this study , average term from the first to the last birth is 11.88 years, and total number of live births is 4.51. The average rate of male firths among live births within a family is 0.532, which is close to data of Korean statistical office in 1995. There were some association of housing status and the fertility; those living in rented units have longer family extension period and rural elderly have higher rate of male children. in addition, there is a significant impact of birth order on tenure. Majority of the first-born subjects were home owners by virtue of bequeath eligibility, and the rate of home owners was 50% higher than the second-born group. Overall in this study, it is recommended that when planning elderly living facilities, service policies be differentiated by both housing & fertility characteristics.
A Study on the Living Characteristics of The Mentally Retarded in Mental REhabilitation Facilities.
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 171~180
The purpose of this study is to provide an instrument of architectural programming in dwelling and facilities design for the mentally retarded. To do this the normal daily life activities have been analyzed and find the living characteristics who live in mental rehabilitation facilities. Generally, mentally retarded people have below IQ.75, and their normal daily life and social adjustment have some problem. Additionally, multiple disability existence and the difference of disability level have great difference in their living activities depend on person. For this research, People who live in 4 rehabilitation facilities in Daegu, Kyungbuk were investigated. It is particularly necessally space organization for sever retardation and multiple disability children, mild or moderate retardation children and adults to analyze their behavior of moving, stool, meal, and living in a group.
An analysis on the characteristics of digital life reflected in web sites
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 181~190
The purpose of this study is to analysis web sites which relate to housing environment on Internet and to suggest guidelines which are needed in digital life. Data are in 53 web sites searched by housing environmental word such as people, living, town and so on. The web sites are analyzed by key words. The results of this study were as follow: The web sites are divided into e-housing community, e-housing management, e-housing workplace and e-housing design. These are the digital life of new type. E-housing community sitess key words are 3D virtual world, chatting, information, service, community etc. E-housing community is related to making new wired community cross time and space. E-housing management sitess key words are guard management, apartment management, building management etc. E-housing management sites provide the useful information of housing management. E-housing workplace sitess key words are virtual office. conference etc. E-housing workplace sites enable us to work in cyberspace. E-housing design sitess key words are design, interior, furniture etc. E-housing design sites provide marketing, consulting and designing in relation to the house. The web life style on cyberspace is common and makes many changes happen in house life and environment.
An Experimental Study on the Thermal Performance of the Flat Roof in Proportion to Directional Changes
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 191~198
The aim of this research was to examine the thermal performance of the flat roof in proportion to various directional changes, the results of which were drawn from the miniature model experiment. In this process, various thermal environmental factors were measured and compared with one another to research their aspects of changes. The brief results of this research are as follows: 1) The indoor temperature and load per hour in proportion to directional changes shows the same degree of changes. As for the results of the clear-sky and cloudy-sky experiments, both of them generally appear advantageous in the order of S,
-E, despite slight differences in the indoor temperature and load per hour in proportion to directional changes. 2) As for the total load of degree day per direction of the clear-sky and cloudy-sky experiments, both of them shows their advantageous results in the order of S,
-E, despite minor differences in their loads. 3) As for the peak load of degree hour, while the clear-sky experiment shows its advantage in the order of
-E, the cloudy-sky experiment does so in the order of S,