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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Nov 2002
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Oct 2002
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Oct 2002
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Oct 2002
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Jun 2002
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Space Planning of Lifestyle and Welfare for the Elderly - Focused on the Elderly in Gwangju City -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 1~10
As the elderly population increases, concerns for the elderly's welfare become greater both quantitatively and qualitatively. In order to give a chance for the elderly to live in familiar dwelling and regional context to which they are accustomed, and to participate in their society actively, it is of great importance that suitable living spaces must be provided for the elderly. The practical ways of providing people with good living environment and its easy maintenance for healthy and valuable lives were discussed in this paper. This research is designed to propose pertinent policies related to social issues concerning the elderly. 137 seniors over 60 living in Gwanaju city were sampled and surveyed. The scope of planning for the elderly's lifestyle and welfare is divided into two parts, one is planning of space for the realization of stable and spacious dwellings and another is urban environment planning capable of supporting healthy and affluent lifestyles. Also, the realization of stable housing, the construction of urban structure for a healthy life, and the provision of barrier-free living conditions are investigated. For increasing the degree of stabilization and improvement for the elderly's life, self-governing bodies should grasp the demands of living condition and spatial requirements by taking the lifestyles of the elderly into account in urban or regional levels. Then, a master plan including development, improvement, execution, and maintenance of proper housing facilities and urban environments should be made for the best results.
A Study on the Performance and the Space Use of Family Events
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 11~20
The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance level of family events, the events places where the events occur. The subjects of 169 households were selected in Jinju city and data were gathered through a questionnaire method. The data were analyzed by the SPSS package program. The major findings are as follows; 1) Most of the families perform the majority of events except lpchun (the first day of spring), the vernal Equinox Day, the Autumnal Equinox Day, the Vega festival Day, Chilsuk, and the Respect-for-the-Aged Day. 2) Birthday parties score to the highest of all family events. 3) In general, the Lunar New Year's Day, the Full Moon Harvest Day, the ancestor worship ceremony, the 15th of January (in lunar calendar), the feast of a hundred day-old baby among lifetime ceremonies, family members'birthdays, housewarming parties among the other general celebrations, and Parents Day among memorial days are held in their homes. 4) The socialized celebration of the following family events is increasing: the first birthday party, banquets for parents'60th birthday, Christmas, and wedding anniversaries.
The Change of Layout and Spatial Composition of Rural Houses in Jeju after 1945
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 21~29
The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes of architectural characteristics of the rural houses in Jeju area for the last half a century. 72 houses in eight villages, which have been spontaneously renovated or added, were chosen as the rersearch samples. The subjects were classified into three groups-traditional, modernized, and contemporary houses-mainly by their construction years. Based upon these classification, the factors of change and continuation in building layout and spatial composition of dwellings have been investigated. As the results, Jeju rural houses show the tendency of the various and rapid changes in overall shape and spatial composition, but the traditional concepts of composition in plan has been maintained. Especially, the open structure of three-folded houses and the utilization of traditional floor system have been maintained as major design concepts to compose a house.
A Study on the Exterior Remodeling for Using Commercial Facility of Housing in City
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 31~39
The purpose of this study is to examine the exterior remodeling examples of urban houses which have been changed to be mixed-use buildings with commercial use, and to guide the future exterior remodeling. Some of the research results are as follows: 1) Exterior remodeling of commercialized urban detached houses is focused on two-dimensional changes of exterior surface, rather than on three-dimensional changes of mass or shape. 2) Unlike commercial buildings generally relying on signboards to express their commercial nature, the exterior-renovated houses with commercial uses mainly rely on the image of whole building shape based on exterior materials and colors. 3) Installations of free-standing walls and double skins are preferred as exterior remodeling techniques, due to the structural limitation of exterior walls.
An Internet-based Survey on the Characteristics of Energy Consumption of Apartment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 41~48
The purpose of this study is, by the method of the internet-based survey, to understand the relations between the residential condition and the characteristics of energy consumption. The followings are the results of this study.
Among 601 responses, evaluable 329s means that the user fully understanding what this survey is for.
Gas-or oil-burners occupy 80% of heater.
Contrary to expectations, we can not find out the relations between the cooling area and the cooling capacity of Air-conditioners.
There is no relation between the direction of apartment and the cooling capacity, neither.
During the summer, average and maximum monthly electric fare for cooling is ￦198/
And during the winter, average and maximum monthly electric fare for heating is ￦335/
A study on Evaluation Method of Economic Element in Building Remodeling
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 49~56
Recently, building remodeling has been of more importance than ever, and it has become necessary to consider the economic efficiency in building remodeling. This study is intended to investigate the various aspects of remodeling and their comparative importance, based on the responses by building owners and remodeling constructors, and eventually the development of evaluation method of economic efficiency in building remodeling. The survey of office building constructors and building owners shows that. the need of remodeling is commonly stressed but their concerns differ. The proposed evaluation method may be useful to resolve the difference of economic concerns between demand and supply parts of remodeling, and give practical and reasonable guidelines to them.
The Design Method of Eaves Camber in the Japanese Traditional Architecture
Humoto Kazuyoshi ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 57~65
Design of eaves has been considered to be very important to construct the exterior shape of the Japanese traditional architecture. While many Japanese architectural books were written in Edo and Meiji eras, the book about eaves camber design method was not found until
A Study on the Identity of Place in a New Community
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 67~77
The purpose of this study is to clarify the identity of place expressed by people living in a new community. First of all, this study defines the concept of place and then grasps what the identity of place means through the documentary studies, and experiential levels of the identity of place are examined as well. Through the field survey on a new community as a case based on interviews and cognitive maps, the identity of place is analyzed in terms of physical features, activities and meanings with relation to levels of visibility, cognition and value, and besides, attractive places and unattractive places are examined for enhancing the identity of place in a new community.
A Proposal of Urban Housing Models and a Feasibility Study for the Application of Small-scale Development in Residential Blocks
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 79~88
The intent of this study is to investigate the feasibility of small-scale developments in residential blocks in the city, and to propose development strategies and models. This research is done on the premises that large housing developments ignore the urban structure of its own quality, whitens on-lot-based multi-unit housing developments fail to maintain amenity and livability in residential blocks. For solving these shortcomings, this research proposes the possibility of small-scale housing development models as an alternative development system. And some residential blocks were selected as case sites and analyzed into typical block types, to support the proposal of pertinent development types. Each type was investigated and discussed in terms of development feasibility and proper development strategies. Finally, three development schemes are proposed as prototypical models for the best application in residential blocks.
Analysis on Heat Supply Piping Network for Apartment House
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 89~99
The purpose of this research is to analyze the characteristics of flow rate distribution in hot-water piping networks in the apartment building. A 14-story apartment house was selected as a sample building and analyzed numerically by Hardy-Cross method. Two different piping networks, one has three vertical zones and the other of a single zone with automatic balancing valves, were compared. Some of research results are as follows; As the temperature of supply hot-water increases, the flow rate of it does by buoyancy effect, but this effect is not found in the piping network with automatic balancing valves. Non-uniformity in hot-water flow distributions to all stories in the piping system of single vertical zone can be completely reformed by the installation of either manually operated or automatic balancing valves in every story.
A Study on Residents' Needs for Storage According to Unit Size in Apartment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 101~110
The purpose of this study was to examine needs of residents on the storage according to unit size in apartment. In order to achieve our goal, the questionnaire survey was used. We sampled the questionnaire surveys of 250 households in Seoul whose apartment sizes had been more than 20 pyung. The data collected by the questionnaire survey was analyzed by examining the frequency, percentage on the SPSS/PC+. The results of the study were obtained as follows: 1) In research on the actual storage condition, Residents tended to feel constraint on the storage of the season goods and the storage satisfaction on the service area was found lowest. Therefore, there needed to design the balcony more efficiently for the storage and the interior storage for the season goods. 2) In research on consciousness and attitude about the storage, residents tended to keep the goods of no use and prefered to arrange neatly rather than use conveniently. Therefore, there needed more efficient space in the balcony for the storage of the goods of no use and the closed furniture rather than the open furniture was suited for arrangement. 3) In research on the storage needs, needs for the built-in furniture in all apartment sizes showed highly and residents wanted a space for the exclusive use of the storage. In a solution, it was proposed to equip with the interior storage and the exterior cooperative storage. In the conclusion, needs of residents on the storage according to apartment size were different little. The small size apartment had the serious storage problems and wanted the efficient space plan for storage.
A Study on the Block Types of Urban Housing - the Case Study of the Western Housing since 70's -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 111~120
The purpose of this study is to understand the trends of urban housing in the age of modernization in Western cities since 1970's, and to provide the useful data for diversifying urban housing types in Korea. Although the housing types can be categorized in many ways according to the points of view, this study classifies 11 types by a criterion of urban composition elements. Among 11 urban housing types, one type, free-standing slab structure, has been mainly applied to Korean situation. The reason might be that the free-standing structure type is the most efficient one in terms of land use and block organization, but it results in a monotonic condition of urban housing blocks. Therefore, taking local characteristics and urban contexts in Korea into consideration, the future urban housing design should be developed in different ways of making local life styles possible in them, by adopting various types of Western urban housing precedents.
A Study of the Remodeling Techniques for Old Apartment Blocks
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 121~131
The rebuilding method for old apartment housing blocks has merits of providing new buildings and larger private living spaces. However, it causes many serious urban problems, such as shortage of infrastructure capacity, traffic congestion, reduction of building life, and deterioration of open space quality. Nowadays, remodeling is accepted as a way of overcoming such negative effects of the rebuilding method. This study focuses on the various techniques of remodeling. The results of this research are as follows; First, old apartment blocks provide poor level of service in general, so they have problems of bad accessibility, deterioration of facilities, and degraded landscape. In many cases, there is a hindrance from walking freely and security problem due to illegal privatization of public spaces. Second, various remodeling techniques are required to meet residents' different needs. The residents of apartment housing value private space above public space, and show low level of willingness to pay cost for remodeling. Third, based on these findings, some remodeling techniques are suggested - integration of a space to another, expansion of spaces, connection of spaces, reuses of roofs and walls, relocation and renovation of paths between buildings, and so on.
A Study on the Occupancy Environment Post Remodeling of Apartment Housing _ Focused on the household of User -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 133~140
This study researches the dwelling satisfaction about apartment remodeling by inspecting ten apartments located in Gwang-Ju, Jun-Nam province. The method of study is to use the field study method, which is based on cultural anthropology, and the participant observation method at same time. According to the research, we find those things as they follow. First, the participation of residents and the mutual agreement are necessary in the process of the selecting a company. Furthermore it's hard to solve the problem about an uniform design and an inferior construction. These things are the most serious factor in dissatisfaction of resident environment. Second, the space of storage and veranda should be separated for the proper functions and the space for laundry is necessary. The rooms, except bedroom, and the bathroom in the main living room should be used for practical application because they are not used so often and if we make the veranda as a inner space, we've got to make a gardening plan, too. Through this research we find out that the participation of an expert company and residents for enough communication and mutual agreement and the space plan for the satisfaction of occupants are necessary for the proper apartment remodeling.
The Analysis on the Actual Condition of Convenient Facilities for the Handicapped
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 141~150
The disabled peoples increase in number by disasters from the industrialization and urbanization. The physically handicapped people experience many difficulties in using the facilities in the public buildings. So, this survey proposed the necessary conditions for the handicapped peoples to use without any trouble in public buildings. The objects of investigation were public buildings, village offices, a public library, synthesis hospitals banks, an express bus station, a wedding building, a railroad station etc.. Conclusions were as follow \circled1 The most of buildings were established access road in regulations but parking area was established inappropriately in regulations \circled2 The most of convenience facilities were concentrated on first floor but were established barely in more than second floor. \circled3 The most of convenient facilities were established in appropriately in regulations. \circled4 The other convenient facilities(reception desk, ticket agency, work desk etc.) were not established nearly in the buildings of investigation.
A Study on the Characteristics of Remodeling Behaviors within Detached Houses - In The Case of Chungju, Checheon, Wonju City -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 13, issue 6, 2002, Pages 151~159
This research is to analyze the characteristics of housing remodeling behaviors within detached houses that located at three small cities in the central part of Korea. The characteristics indicate similar aspects of maintenance and improvement behaviors in the occurrence time and space, while space alteration shows different aspects. In the frequency of occurrences, maintenance behaviors occurring in the point of building maintenance and preservation is performed most actively, the next is improvement behaviors, and space alteration behaviors is the lowest frequency. Type of remodeling behaviors shows the characteristics that maintenance behaviors are active in served spaces(bed room space, family living space) while alteration and improvement behaviors occur more in servant spaces.(household working space, outdoor space and sanitary space)