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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Nov 2003
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jul 2003
Volume 14, Issue 1 - May 2003
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Indoor Thermal Environment for Cooling in Apartment House
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 1~8
It is not sufficient to control the indoor thermal environment using only one or two parameters by itself as human response for the control of indoor thermal environment. So a proper environmental thermal index is required for the control of indoor thermal environment effectively. In this study, the physical environment was measured and analysed and the skin temperature of the subjects and their response were investigated to evaluate the optimum thermal comfort range for cooling season in an apartment house. As a result, the optimal temperature was 26.1
and the temperature ranges which more than 80% responded as satisfactory were 24.1~28.
, respectively. As the OT had most significant interrelation with the PMV, it is desirable to use the OT in evaluating the thermal environment during cooling. Also, the comfort range was concluded between OT 25.5~27.3
by appointing the PMV of -0.5~0.5 as the optimum comfort condition. In addition, the Human responses were compared with calculated PMV, OT and MRT and the relationships are suggested in order to utilize to control indoor thermal environment.
Housing Values and Housing Satisfaction from the Perspective of Urban Adolescents
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 9~18
This study is designed to explore the relationship between the level of housing satisfaction and housing values, as well as family characteristics and characteristics of residence. Questionnaires are administered to 526 adolescents from the four residential areas in Kwangju. Most of the adolescents are satisfied with their housing environment, especially indoors, however, they show a lower level of satisfaction toward the appearance and organization of the unit plan. It is found that the level of the safety, comfortability and social values predicted a meaningful variance in the level of housing satisfaction. Those with a higher degree of safety and social values tend to be associated with stronger housing satisfaction, whereas those with lower comfortability values are more associated with stronger housing satisfaction. Groups with higher household incomes are more likely to be satisfied with their housing environment. Groups living within a younger and larger house are more likely to be satisfied with their housing environment. Also, owners tend to show a stronger degree of housing satisfaction than renters.
A Study on the Spatial Characteristics of Folk House in the Village 'Kolli-do'
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 19~27
This study is aimed to analyze the spatial characteristics of folk house in 360 years historical village “Kolli”, Tongyeong city, and to provide basic materials for the study on the history of house in Korea. The survey was enforced at the July 21-22, 1998 firstly, and was enforced at the August 18-20, 2002 secondly. The major result are as follows; The most folk houses faced of north according to the factors of configuration of the ground and climates. The arrangement of house were laid out freely without definite types. The house form is hipped roof of slate and most ‘一’ shape of 3 bay structure.
A Study on the Street-in-the-air in Collective Housing - From the Point of Relation to Urban Space, Dwelling Unit -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 29~40
Street-in-the-air has been regarded as a device which supplements the defects of high-rise blocks. It should be, however, noted that most of street-in-the-air has been based on the concept of urbanity in the automobile era as well. Based on this point of view, the 5 types of approaches to the street-in-the-air in this paper were introduced. Throughout the research, it was figured out that the types of approaches focusing the urban spatial system tended to neglect the essential properties of street itself as place for everyday life. In considering that street is defined by relationship with building or units, it is necessary to secure the correlation of street-in-the-air with units prior to considering the urban spatial system.
A Study on the Recommendations of the Wandering Pathway Through the Evaluation of the Environments in Three Dementia Units in the United Kingdom
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 41~49
An evaluation of the environments in the wandering pathway of the dementia units was carried out. It is revealed that the quality of the environment for the wandering pathway of the sample units was very low. In particular, lacks of social environments in Unit-B and Unit-C, and lacks of orientation aids in all the sample units were shown. Therefore, re-design for the wandering pathway of the sample units is needed. Recommendations for improving the wandering pathway and having appropriate wandering pathway without any abrupt change in existing layout of the sample units were suggested, and the limits of this research is diagnosed. It is also shown that since evaluation categories used in this paper had very closed relationship each other, those evaluation categories can be used in other settings.
24 hours' Exposed Temperature and Thermal Comfort in Summer
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 51~56
All the outdoor and indoor spaces are connected with each other. The human being moves toward those spaces with temperature fluctuation between the natural and artificial temperature. We conducted an experiment which subjects were wearing the data logger in urban life, and measured 24 hours' exposed temperature and thermal comfort in summer. Results were as follows. 1. Subjects controls their micro climate like this. Most of them(84.6%) get weather information. Fashion(46.2%) and weather(30.8%) are the reasons to select clothes. They spend their time in indoor environment for 84.92% hours of a day and have an air-conditioner(61.5%) in their houses. 2. Temperature fluctuation which subjects were exposed for 24 hours were from 15.6
and average fluctuation was 9.02
. The median value of experienced temperature were 26-26.5
and average temperature was 26.18
. They experienced cold shock of 3.96 times in a day.
A Study on the Material Survey Methods of Local Architecture in Korea
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 57~66
This study is concerned with the survey methods to approach a research into ‘local architecture’ in korea. Local materials for architecture can be classified into local buildings, local documents, local conditions. To perform the survey research into local architecture effectively, it demands a reasonable survey methods depending on the characteristics of materials for architecture, and we have to give careful consideration to the survey process, the materials collecting, the materials noting and reporting. The typical survey methods of local are presented in this article.
Needs for the Community in the Elderly Institution
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 67~76
This study was to investigate the needs for the community in the elderly institution and the related factors. The raw data, collected in 2000, from the Study for the Silver Industry in Ulsan were used for the analysis. The sample consisted of 292 elderly aged 65 and over living in Ulsan, and the purpose was accomplished using frequencies, percentages, and chi-squared test with cross-tabulations. The results indicated that the elderly tends to have negative responses to the discriminations by health conditions and sharing the public spaces with neighbors. However it was more likely that the elderly wants to have separate public spaces and facilities by gender. They prefer private residential units rather than public spaces for the meals, baths, and receptions. It was also found that gender, with or without spouse, education level, and economic condition of the elderly have significant effects on the needs for the community in the elderly housing.
A Study on the Improvement of Housing Quality Control System for the Protection of Consumer
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 77~84
This study analyzes the necessity and situation of the improvement of housing quality control system for the consumer. we find several defeats of the Housing Quality Control System in Korea. Especially there is no any organization that manange the total housing quality control. So this study suggest the home warranty system should be established as soon as possible for protectings home-buyers and improving housing quality.
A Study on the Energy Consumption and the Degree of Satisfaction by Heating System in Rental Apartment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 85~92
Considering the present development situation of rental apartment since 1982, the supply of homeless housing for low-income dwellers has contributed a amount of quantities, but has been deficient qualities in housing policy. To propose the energy policy for low-income dwellers, this study investigated the energy consumption and the degree of heating satisfaction by heating system through questionaries in permanent rental apartment and 50 year period rental apartment complexes. The results of this study were as follows; The annual energy consumption of heating and hot water supply is 267.2 Mca1/
ㆍyr in central heating system, is 163.9 Mca1/
ㆍyr in unit heating system. But from the view of annual energy cost and the degree of heating satisfaction, central heating system were better than unit heating system in rental apartment.
A Study on the Residential Character and the Consciousness of Housing Movement in the Public Rental Apartment - Focused on Permanent Rental and Fifty Years Period Rental Apartment -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 93~100
Considering the present development situation of public rental apartment since 1982, the supply of homeless housing for low-income dwellers has contributed a amount of quantities, but has been deficient qualities in housing policy. To reflect the architect the properties of dwellers in rental apartment, this study is aimed at investigating the residential character and the consciousness of housing movement through questionaries in permanent rental apartment and fifty years period rental apartment complexes. The results of this study were as follows; The permanent rental apartment is dissatisfied with site location, site shape and building layout in housing environment view, the fifty years period rental apartment is dissatisfied with building area, rental bond, rental fee and maintenance cost in economics view. Housing type of movement preference hereafter is showed “rental apartment” as priority. Therefore, it is necessary to construct public rental apartment for low-income dwellers increasingly.
Additional functions of the Kitchen in the Apartment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 101~108
Kitchen has been an essential space and plays an important role in the house regardless of culture and regional differences. However, due to social and economical changes, kitchen is no longer used only for preparing food and dining which seem to be a traditional function. The purpose of this study is to investigate the additional functions of the kitchen and figure out the related variables. The survey method was used to collect data from 321 housewives living in the apartment sized over 99
(30 pyung) in Ulsan. The data were analyzed by SPSS/
with frequency, percent, and chi-squared test. The results of this study were: (1) Kitchen was now used for eating snacks(45.6%), keeping household account(42.5%), and chatting(41.6%). (2) Homemakers wanted to do laundry such as ironing, drying clothes, and folding clothes in the kitchen. However, there were several activities(i.e., grooming, rest and taking a nap, exercise) they do not want to do in the kitchen. (3) The variables which related to the additional functions of the kitchen were size of the apartment, age, and level of education. The findings of this study imply that there must be design considerations for chatting and keeping household account such as providing tables and comfortable chairs. In addition, new counter layout types should be developed based on needs of additional functions and related variables.
Korean Resident's Identity of Housing in Canada
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 109~118
The purpose of this study is to investigate identity of Korean resident's on housing in Canada. A questionnaire survey method was used to collect data for this study. Results of the analyses showed that Korean styled decorations were the most possessions to express their identity, while the possession degrees of Korean household goods and Korean style furniture were relatively low. An electric mat and a low table were frequently being used in their home. The using degree of these goods were significantly different according to the residential period in Canada. Almost Korean-canadian tended to have a style of sitting on the floor in the behavior of sewing, ironing, entertaining, watching the T.V. This behavior style were significantly different according to family income, houses style, the house ownership.
A Study on Natural Ventilation Performance for a Double-Skin Facade System in Apartment Buildings
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 119~126
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the natural ventilation performance for variable external wind speed as a preliminary step to determining the seasonal operating modes of the Double-skin Facade System applied to apartment buildings. For this purpose, two simulation programs are used to compare the Double-Skin Facade System with the Double Sash Window. First, TAS is used to plan a schedule for natural ventilation during the intermediate season and to analyze the cooling loads. Second, CFD is used for a more detailed airflow analysis on a typical floor plan of the model building. The results of the simulations on natural ventilation performance show that the Double-Skin Facade System can reduce the cooling load by 10.5% compared to the Double Sash Window.
A Study on the Space Composition and Furniture Arrangement of Preschooler's Library
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 127~136
The purpose of this study is to establish concept about a plan direction of preschooler's library, and provide a design type of preschooler's library. As a result, the following findings were obtained: 1) For the preschooler's reading area, it should be segregated between schooler and preschooler. Because there is a difference between a library use action and a development characteristic, it needs to be segregated to avoid conflict using library for both of those groups. 2) The space composition of preschooler's library stands up, and of a tube considers a traffic line of a user according to the function and systematizes a child, and to cause an interest of preschoolers. 3) Furnitures and equipment of preschooler's library must arrange in consideration of human body size of a user in a tube.
A Study of Living Environment of Old Single House District in Metropolitan Area - Focus of Transportation Conditions -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 137~146
The Primary Purpose of this study is to evaluate transportation conditions (including parking space shortage problem) of the old single house district and to derive some policy implications for living environment improvement policy. For these purposes, data were collected from field survey and questionaire survey. The main findings are follows. Residents are discontent about building structure, old house, high risk of traffic accident in the housing district and parking space shortage. The living environment of the old single house district is further degraded by mix of commercial and business functions in the residential area. Based on these findings, we suggest that the introduction of resident-first parking zones, restriction of use of facilities with more detail division of use than current zoning system for improvement of living environment.
A Study on the Vertical Unification, Two to One Remodeling for Three Generation Dwelling of Apartment Housing
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 147~156
A small apartment housings in Korea, which is built mass-product from 1980s, are dissatisfied, in spite of good condition, due to the growing living areas and changing lifestyle of the residents. Many of them confronted with slum areas and the kinds of housing stock accumulated much more in Korean contexts. For the existing small houses, it could be discuss an adaptation model to the increasing requirement standards of the house residents; wider living area, new facilities and a style of new residence. A social policy for elderly people who are handicap in physical and economical aspects, is home stay system rather than national support. But it is not easy to find the three generation family house in Korea context, specially apartment house. This paper deals with the vertical unification typology of two dwelling units to one, in order to supply three generation houses by remodel existing small apartment houses constructed by Korea National Housing Corporation. The use of convert houses into vertical expansion are expected to be a house of three generation family, it can also enhance privacy against conflictive activities in a house. And also the merging types of two dwelling units into one can be used as a device to get rid of the monotonous characteristics and gain diversity in the declining stock housing.
Deriving Residents' Perception on Public Facilities through the Contingent Valuation Method: focusing on Cultural Center
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 157~164
This study tests the effectiveness of residents' direct evaluation method about the feasibility of cost of public facilities based on their willingness to pay. The main findings are follows. First, residents do not use the public facilities(Cultural Center and Library) frequently. The main reasons are the shortage of complemental supplies, low accessibility, and poor communication to public. Second, the Contingent Valuation Method(CVM) reveals the residents' unwillingness to pay for facilities by agreeing only 46.8% on the cultural center. Third, this study concludes that the CVM is an effective method to measure willingness to pay for public facilities and also an useful tool to aid priority setting in urban planning.
Users' Behavior Study for the Planning of One-room System Houses
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 165~174
The demand for one-room system house as a new type of house will increase gradually, and residents also tend to be diversified. However, a method of planning of planning of one-room system house was limited and unified. Current floor plans of the one-room don't utilize a benefit of open plan in small areas. The purpose of this study is to propose several guidelines for the planning of one-room system houses that correspond to residents' needs in order to facilitate the benefit of open plan such as efficiency and multi-purpose use in small area. For this, a field survey was carried out as case studies, with individual interviews, questionnaires, and actual survey including taking pictures. Subjects were 50 residents who living in one-room system houses in Busan. Space usage behavior of residents, residential satisfactions, and preference attitudes on the attached service facilities were analyzed. The results were synthesized to suggest several guidelines for planning of one-room system house.
A Study on the Critical Elements in the Commentaries on Competition of the Mulifamily Housing in Germany - Focused on the Rowhousing -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 175~182
In this study, I investigate the critical evaluation elements at the architectural competition of the Rowhousing held nationwide in Germany. These evaluation elements, which can be regarded as the important design evaluation criteria, are selected by the design competition committee. Generally, in Germany the design competition committee consist of professors and famous architects who have theoretical and practical abilities with their own office. I classify and analyze the critical evaluation elements of 95 committee members, working on the selected 9 prize-winners in Germany from 1998 to 2002. I conclude that the critical evaluation elements, ordered by frequency are ;
landscape & outside space,
arrangement of building,
organization of plan,
orientation of building,
organization of form,
natural light. These design evaluation criteria for the Rowhousing in Germany also can apply to the korean case.