Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Formation Factors and Distribution Analysis of High-Class Residential Areas in Seoul
Kim Min-Hoi ; Kim Tae-Hyun ; Hong Sun-Gwan ; Kim Hong-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 1~7
A Study on Characteristics of Koreans' Housing Life Living in China
Cho, Sung-Heui ; Son, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 9~19
It is possible to explain the design, the meaning, and the use of domestic space by comparing different cultures. The characteristics of Koreans' housing life living in western cultures has already been studied extensively. Because of political reasons, however, the characteristics of Koreans' housing life living in Chinese culture has hardly been studied at all. The purpose of this study was to find out the characteristics of succession and transformation of domestic housing culture. The data was collected by questionnaire methods from fifty Korean households and eleven Chinese households. Individual interviews and actual surveys, including taking pictures were also used for data collection. The results of this study were as follows (1)An analysis of heating system usage behaviors showed the importance of heated floors, known as Ondol, is one of the enduring characteristics of domestic habits. (2)In the sitting style, the traditional sitting on the floor was shown in living room. (3)Regarding room usage behavior, Korean households were centered around the living room in chinese houses. (4)An analysis of space organization preferences with respect to common spaces revealed that Korean households tend to prefer the open plan of common spaces.
The Behavioral Patterns on Residential Spaces among Middle-size Apartment Residents - with special reference to 30s pyong apartment with 3 bed rooms -
Kim Mi-Hee ; Lee You-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 21~27
The purpose of this study was to explore behavioral patterns on residential spaces such as the patterns of residential space usage and perception on residential spaces. A questionnaire survey and interview were conducted with 426 residents living in apartment with 3 bedrooms, stairway access, and 3-bay style in the City of Seoul, Busan, and Gwangju, during the month of September in 2004. The data was analyzed with frequency, factor analysis by using the SPSS 10.0 for windows, and with proc iml by using SAS. The major findings of this study were that: 1) The most typical activities in the Anbang are
sleeping and getting dressed
family communication and T.V. watching
; Anbang(master bedroom) has been perceived and used as couple's private area. 2) Living room was used as a multi-purpose room carrying out various activities such as
entertaining guest with meals
children's private affairs
. 3) The representative patterns of activities in dining-kitchen was food
, and the need for social interaction in DK has been growing. The patterns of residential space usages can be used to develop and evaluate the unit plan of Korean middle-size apartment.
The Perceptions and Satisfactions of High-Rise Mixed-Use Apartments' Common Space and Family Community
Choi Jae-Soon ; Kwak In-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 29~38
Housing consumers prefer high-rise mixed-use apartments because of one-stop living style, and high quality of life. This study investigated the residents community with the residents who lived in the apartments and the future residents who will live in the apartments to investigate the usage of the public spaces and the influence of the space to form housing culture of residents family community. All data were taken from the response of two hundred forty three questionnaire to be gathered during 20th of June through 24th of August in 2003. Data were analyzed with percentages, means, t-test, and variance analysis using SPSS/PC+. Residents in four high-rise mixed-use apartments feels that the public space in the apartments were mainly provided by their convenience of the construction companies not for the residents. Physical conditions of public space in high-rise mixed-use apartments should be environmentally friendly housing space in which nature and human can be coexisted. It also should be high-tech system housing with which SOHO can be operated. And different custom-made spaces which the residents' needs can be satisfying should be provided. The public space should be recommended to be multi-purposed room because the space will be differentiated with the circumstances of the area, the residents' age differences, and the variety of the family's life style. Moreover, the various programs should be supplied to run the public space efficiently.
A Study on the Community-consciousness Depending on the Location Type of the Neighborhood Facility in Apartment Complex
Kim Dae-Wuk ; Jung Eung-Ho ; Ryu Ji-Won ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 39~46
This Study is to analyse the community-consciousness depending on the location type of the neighborhood facility in apartment complex, in order to set up the fundamental criteria for the location type which can increase the community-consciousness. For the purpose of this study, Shopping center, Playground and Resting Area are selected among the neighborhood facilities and they were analysed on the basis of the Belonging-Sense, Affection-sense and the personnel Interchange. The results of this study are as follows: Shopping center should be located in the Main-Enterance of Apartment Complex and be constructed as low building along the street. In case of the Playground that was compared with the Central type and Decentral type, the Central type is proper for the increasing of community-consciousness. In case of the Resting Area that was compared with the Mixture type involving a playground and Independent type except for a playground, the independent type is acceptable for the location-type to increase the community-consciousness owing to all analyses.
The Inconvenient Details in Houses Pointed out by the Elderly
Rhee, Ji-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 47~54
By 2019, Korea is expected to be an aged society, age group of 65 and older being over
of the total population, considering their rapid increase today. Also the phenomenon of population structure are accelerated by a low birth rate and long life span. This study was intended to find out the inconvenient details in houses pointed out by the elderly. This survey was taken by trained interviewers from the people of ages 65 and older living in Daejeon city. Statistical analysis was implemented from 583 appropriate data out of 624 questionnaires using (SPSS PC+ 10.0). The results were as follows. The elderly were put to inconvenience noises in room, old facility in living room and outmoded facility in kitchen and bathroom in detached house. And they were put to inconvenience the size of room, living room and bathroom and old-fashioned facility in kitchen in apartment. The stairway and bathroom in detached house and balcony, elevator and bathroom in apartment were pointed out dangerous spaces in house.
A Study on the Priority of Residential Choice Element by Middle-size City Residents
Cho Hyun-Ju ; Park Kyoung-ok ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 55~63
The purpose of study is to suggest the data on what residential choice elements have to be considered to be important when the apartments are planed in middle size cities. This study analyzed the environmental characteristics of Cheong-Ju city and compared the priority of residential choice elements by using AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process). The results of analysis are as follows. 1) The rate of housing supply in Cheong-Ju city is low at
and concentrated on small sized apartments. Furthermore, the educational and traffic facilities are very insufficient. 2) While residential choice in Cheong-Ju is heavily characterized by educational surroundings, it is less affected by economic aspects such as housing prices and the value of investments and accessibility to public transportations, distance to working places. 3) It is affected by residents' general characteristics like as sex, age, life cycle, education level, properties, home ownership, number of room and type of house they want. In conclusion, the middle size cities like Cheong-Ju need the large scale residential plans connected with educational considerations, focused on improvement in quality and outdoor space. In addition, it is recommended to make plans to satisfy the diverse needs of consumers.
A Comparative Analysis on the Current Housing Unit Plans of Korea and China
Jung Byung-Moon ; Kim Hyeon-Ji ; Lee Sang-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 65~72
The purpose of this study is to get preeminent data from comparative analysis of multi-family housing unit plans between Korea and China nowadays. Even though Korea and China belong to common cultured band in Asia, there are many different Housing aspects and unit plans. Through this study we want to grasp the characteristics of both nation's apartment unit plans and to contribute for advance into the China apartment market. Analysis target is constructing and lotting out apartment at South Korea and China in 2004, and the space syntax model is used as an analysis tool. First, analyze kind, number and special quality of each room by use area, and second, analyze area and scale of the rooms. Through the integration analysis we know the grade of rank and centrality of each rooms, and search difference of South Korean and Chinese apartment.
A Study on the Housing for the Aged Living Alone and Living with Spouse Only in Rural Areas with Reference to the Succession and Improvement of the Traditional Rural Housing - Cases of the Rural Housing in Andong City
Bae Jeong-Il ; Katano Hiroshi ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 73~82
This study attempts to find out more efficient way of improving the housing conditions, by reviewing the existing improvement programs for the traditional rural housing and by aiming at finding advantages to inherit and correcting the inconvenience of the traditional forms of housing, through a survey on the housing conditions of the aged living alone and living with spouse only in the traditional rural housing. Research result shows that the openness and buffering zone of the traditional rural housing are relevant housing elements which provide the aged appropriate living space and therefore should be actively inherited and that the existing improvement programs have been largely inappropriate. But as the aged can hardly practice the appropriate way of improvement on their own, government policy consideration is urgently needed as part of the welfare policy for the aged.
Spatial Characteristics and Facility Operation by the Type of Management of Multipurpose Senior Center - Focused on the Youngnam Metropolitan Areas -
Choi Jun-Ho ; Seo Ji-Eun ; Lee Jeong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 83~92
The purpose of this study was to analyze characteristics such as spatial composition, areas, location of functional unit space and comparing the type and the number of operating programs by type of managements of multipurpose senior center in Youngnam metro area. first, the consignation management facilities had functional unit space of 152 things and the direct management facilities had 115 things. When comparing average areas composition ratio, direct management is public welfare, social education, public part, medical and rehabilitation order and consignation management is public part, social education, public welfare and rest part order. Second, medical part must be located around the first floor or the elevator, because many people can frequently use this area at the same time. Third, as a result of analysis of management programs indicated that the total number of programs is as a whole 74 things a range of
in the each direct management facilities and 111 things a range of
in the each in the each consignation management facilities. This fact shows that consignation management provided many people with more various programs than direct management. Finally, the number of staff in the direct management is less than consignation management. When comparing programs per staff and space, the direct and consignation management each appeared (2.74, 0.64) and (1.35, 0.73). This fact implied that the consignation management was more specialized than direct management in the service and function.
A Study on the Characteristics of Planning Skills Applied to the Community Concept in Cohousing
Han Min-Jeong ; Lee Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 93~100
Turning into the 21st century, there are great demands for the diversification of housing style and amenity of housing, which include enhancing community life through proper collective environment. To solve these problems, cohousing has been introduced in Scandinavian countries. A primary goal of cohousing is the desire of residents to live in a socially supportive setting. People can do housework together and also can promote active mutual relationship among residents in the community. Physical feature of cohousing, in combination with social organization factors, nay serve to enhance or support the sense of community sought by residents. In this point of view, the purpose of this study is to consider the characteristics of planning factors applied to the community concept in cohousing. First consideration is to figure out the planning skills on community concept in housing community. Then, by making clear the planning factors on community concept in cohousing through case study, this paper could suggest a possibility of application of cohousing in Korea.
The Directivity of Traditional Architectural Space in Korean and Japanese
Kim Dong-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 101~109
As a circumstantial-existance character (the human character who takes action after grasping circumstances and fears things with reason) the Japanese were more interested in the active doctrines of Wang Yang-ming than other speculative studies. All of people were inhumanely incorporated into the rigorous class system under pressure in the samurai society. In the atmosphere of the society a natural phenomenon was understood as the ksana of change, and instead of the whole, the part was mainly described with emphasis on the reality. Therefore nature came near to the man after being reduced and then was symbolized in the Interior space. Also the classification of spaces, that is to say, the settlement of borders by the social position was shown in the great interior space like a labyrinth. As a self-existance character(the human style who carves out for and does not have a regard other's feeling), however, the Korean were much influenced by the Taoist Idea as they tried to be similar to nature in nature itself. Therefore the idea of Asaniskrota was in their origin. There was a tendency for space to be extended toward the outdoor in Korea, since the Korean people who are speculative and like to be natural tried to be close to nature. Therefore the division of spaces according to class and sexuality and the settlement of borders were already shown in outside by Che-Na-Num(Divided-Mass:Koren's own style). These are closely related with that houses were built after a village settle down in Korea while built before a village settle down in Japan. Architectural space consists of the interior and the exterior. The layout and (on of architectural space has a great variety of characters by region and culture. In other words, it can be understood which has a priority between the interior and the exterior in developing the layout and the form of architectural space. Belonging to the culture area of Chinese characters with Korea, Japan has maintained its own Identity. It has an identity in the layout and form of architectural space as well. Therefore, the architecture and architectural theories of the two countries were compared and analyzed with priority given to the traditional architecture, also the backgrounds of architecture and architectural theories of two countries were examined in this study. This study shows that each country has different characters in how to introduce nature, how to expand space and how to compose windows, including the view of nature and the cult of space. As a result, the space in Korean architecture has relatively the exterior-oriented character but in Japan architecture spatial character is interior-oriented. The interior-oriented character can be relevant to the word 'reduction' and the exterior-oriented character to 'extension' after all. Also it can be thought that each character has a great relation with climate and idea of people in power.
A Study on the Dwelling of Signal-fire Military in Chosun Dynasty - Based on the Gyungsang Province -
Lee Chul-Young ; Yoon Jae-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 111~120
To design common facilities that support residents' leisure activities is one of the comtemporary issues in Korea. People became interested in the leisure facilities in near-home environments. This trend encouraged this research study. The objectives of this study are: to analyze the current status and characteristics of leisure facilities in apartment communities, to examine the correlations among leisure facilities, and to suggest design considerations for Korean multi-family housing communities. Subject communities are located in the five metropolitan areas in the United States. The 460 apartment communities were randomly selected after a thorough review of a website for apartment finders. Among them, the 126 communities were selected for the analysis. Primary findings are as follows: (1) A total of 30 facilities were identified as the creational facilities in apartment properties. (2) Some leisure facilities were correlated with the other facilities, based on the Pearson's correlation analysis.(3) In addition to the facilities, some apartment communities provide leisure programs for their residents. These results suggest that architectural interventions and maintenance services as well should be considered in order to lead diverse leisure activities for residents.
A Study on the Pilotis Design Characteristics in the Highrise Apartment Housing Estates
Lee Jeong-Soo ; Song Yong-Ho ; Yoo Uoo-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 121~128
This study investigates the design features of pilotis applied to 20 high-rise apartment housings in Korea, completed between January 2000 and August 2005. It analyzes the design characteristics of pilotis on the basis of its spatial configuration and the residents' behavior and suggests the directions of pilotis design in the future. The study finds the followings. 1) The pilotis spaces in foreign apartment housings are used mainly for communal functions such as the passages between buildings for both pedestrians and vehicles. Compared with this public use of pilotis in foreign counterparts, the pilotis spaces in Korean apartment housings are semi-private and have multiple purposes. 2) The pilotis design can be classified on the basis of the spatial configuration elements and the patterns of residents' behavior. The spatial configuration elements consist of ceiling, column, wall, and floor; the residents' behavior can be classified as viewing, resting and playing, driving and parking, and keeping privately-owned objects such as motorcycle and bicycle. 3) Two spatial configuration elements, the wall and the ceiling and two behavioral patterns, 'resting and playing' and 'viewing' are getting more attention by designers in the apartment housings analyzed in this study.
A Study on the Planning of Nursing Rooms of Child Care Centers in U.S.A.
Ju Seo-Ryeung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 129~137
The purpose of this study was to understand the present condition about the space planning of the nursing rooms at the child care center in U.S.A. The researchers investigated the physical conditions of the centers through sketching, measurement, taking pictures and observation. On the other hand, to understand the user's needs, the interview to the directors of the centers was performed. As a result, the followings were proposed. The grouping of children depending upon the age has to be more classified according to the development period. And the guideline for the space areas has to be improved to a larger standard than present regulation. And the most impressive characteristic of the center in U.S.A. is the functional space design. The space such as toilet, washing room, kitchenet are well organized into the nursing rooms for children. Various ideas for arranging above functions in the small nursing rooms have to be developed in Korea. And the dynamic space arrangement of nursing room is also impressive. The material of the floor has to be considered variously for the comfort of the children.
Older People's Innovativeness toward Technologies and Demand of Home Automation System
Kwon Oh-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 139~147
The purpose of this study was to determine the factors which affect older people's innovativeness toward technologies and factors which affect their demand of home automation system. The study collected data from 289 persons who are 50 years and older with experience living in an apartment currently or past. Innovativeness toward technologies of respondents were low level and the significant factors which affected their innovativeness were age, education, employment, marital status, current housing types, health status of self and spouse, consideration of home automation system for a newly-moved house. Education, employment types, consideration of home automation system for a newly-moved house, and plan for moving were the major factors which affect demand of home automation system. Also, older people's innovativeness toward technologies was the most important factor which affected demand of home automation system. Th results of this study explained that high technologies which are adopted in residential environment should be considered target consumers' abilities and attitudes for acceptance toward new ideas. Especially, for older consumers, various ideas to expand their understanding of new technologies should be developed and the positive effect of technologies to increase the quality of their later life should be educated.
Comparative Study of Inhabitants' Life Satisfaction in Senior Cohousing Communities between Sweden and Denmark
Choi, Jung-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 16, issue 6, 2005, Pages 149~160
There is an increasing curiosity in Nordic as well as Far East Asian countries about senior cohousing, where the middle-aged and elderly people, 55+. form a community for independent living. What are the ideas behind senior cohousins? Why are people moving to senior cohousing community? What may senior cohousing provide and mean for individuals and groups of the elderly? Is senior cohousing a sustainable idea for future generations of elderly people? There is a curiosity among elderly people looking for interesting alternatives. Municipalities and state authorities hope that senior cohousing can contribute to the welfare of the elderly as the scope far support by the public sector is decreasing. Actors in the building sector are interested In investment and meeting the demands. In Denmark and Sweden the senior cohousing concept had a revival around 1985. In Denmark there has been a vivid discussion and plenty of books have been published. In Sweden there are few evaluations but an increasing interest. From different points of view, Danish, Swedish and Nordic as well as Far East Asian countries, there is a concern to explore and compare to get more facts and deeper understanding far further actions. This is a comparative study of inhabitants' life satisfaction in cohousing communities in Denmark and Sweden. The study is based on discussions with cohousing providers, study-visits in cohousing communities and a questionnaire to residents themselves. Study-visits took place during springtime and the questionnaires were handled spring and summer of 2002. 655 seniors responded to the questionnaire from 14 seniorbofae llesskaber (rented or housing cooperatives) in Denmark, 11 seniorhus within the SABO sector (municipality owned housing with rental apartments) and 8 housing cooperatives initiated by the Seniorgarden Housing Company in Sweden. Data were analyzed by SPSS program, using frequency, percentage, cross-tab and chi-square test. This paper focused three major areas of interest; 1)characteristics of the inhabitants. 2) participation in common activities and mutual cooperation among residents and 3) evaluative outcomes from the inhabitants' points of view. Mainly the inhabitants expressed quite positive experiences of their living environment and everyday lift and a few difference was found in life satisfaction between Denmark and Sweden.