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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Visual Environmental Influence on an User's Psycho-physiological Health at Healthcare Facilities
Kim Nam-Gil ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~8
The purpose of this study is to understand how visual factors of healthcare facilities would have an effect on psycho-physiological health of inpatients. First, visual factors of a ward, where inpatients mostly spend their time in a hospital, were extracted in order to find out how visual environment would affect inpatient's health. Then experimental samples were made and inpatients' reactions against them were analyzed. This study is composed of two approaches a questionnaire for psychological analysis and an electroencephalogram measurement for physiological analysis. The results of this experiment show that psycho-physiological health of subject's can be remarkably improved according to artificial arrangement of visual environment of a ward. Especially, they also show that insignificant changes of visual environment such as furnishing trees, flowerpots or framed pictures in a ward, where there is no view and completely closed, will be able to exert a range of positive effects on an subject's psycho-physiological health. In conclusion, further studies need to be delivered about indoor designs to positively bring in natural elements to a ward as well as visibility ratio of views and skylines from a ward.
A Study on Ken Ichiura's Research Activities of 'Dwellings' - Focused on 1930 to 1945
Kim Jin-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 9~17
In the modem society of Japan, specially before and after the World War II, one of the most important problem is socially to build housing of working classes. In those days, Ken Ichiura had been led the dwelling of modem Japanese architecture. He had worked in wide spheres of action like private residence, public housing, collective housing area and urban planning for about fifty years. But until now, because studies on public housing of Japan has been discussed only aspect of architectural design, there was almost no study about Ken Ichiura who acted in practical affairs. So this study aims to consider about the Ken Ichiura's research on dwelling and the relation with the then social circumstance. It was summarized as four details of Ken Ichiura's activities on Dwellings before the end of World War II. First, he proposed half-government-supervised system by economic reason on provision of dwellings. Second, he proposed dry construction system by material and structural reason on economic and stability supply. Third, he proposed standardization and industrialization by economic reason on industrialization form material to construction of industry. And the last, he also proposed standard plan and standard design by economical and mass production supply dwellings during the war.
Residential Design Characteristics for the Elderly's Health & Life Quality through Elderly Care Home in Sweden
Lee Sook-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 19~27
This research deals with the residential environment for the elderly and describes characteristics to give a positive effect on elderly's health and quality of life in Sweden. Five elderly care home recommended by a municipality staff in Stockholm are surveyed on
October 2003. The results of this study are as follows: 1) homelike atmosphere is regarded as a basic design concept and is applied to size, materials, scale, color, and furniture of elderly housing in Sweden, 2) regarding of the exterior features, it is similar to the ordinary house rather than institution building, 3) arrangement of spaces is planned for several small groups consisting of 6-8 residents, 4) open-space planning on public kitchen and dinning room allows residents to feel comfortable when they can hear a sound and smell a meal, 5) private flat is to provide amenities for sleeping, rest, storage, social interaction, meals, hygiene and other every activities
An Analysis of the Enclosed Housing Cluster Type of Louis de Soissons
Sohn, Sei-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 29~36
Welwyn Garden City benefits from the greater design cohesion and management of development which gave it a more distinctive 'brand image' almost from the outset than its older garden city(Letchworth, Hampstead). Its planner, Louis de Soissons, brought a more obvious sense of traditional formal urbanism to the design of the second garden city. This was rather different to the distinctive but rather more informal arts and crafts approach of Raymond Unwin. Here it attempts to analyze how they greatly and firmly established the concept of Housing Group in the residential design, and what similar elements between Unwin and de Soissons in the New Town planning. It is pointed out that the Housing Group theory is composed of recognizing urban life as totality, and group planning theory, and that they definitely originated a new technique in the residential area. It is analyzed that the syntactic relations between the group planning theory and enclosed housing cluster designs in the English garden city are epitomized in Welwyn Garden City.
A Study on the Spacial Boundary in Sejima Kazuyo's Housing Architecture
Kim Hyoung-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 37~45
The purpose of this study is to explore the spacial boundary in Kazuyo Sejima's housing architecture, to give attention to contemporary housing architecture that we inhabit, and to escape from existing architectural concepts. This study seeks to the meaning and possibility of the spacial boundary on the basis of contemporary architecture. The spacial boundary can be studied in the aspect of architectural space that molds human experience and perception. As a result of this study, three properties in the spacial boundary are revealed. One property of the spacial boundary is soft that protect privacy from gaze of exterior. Another property is that communication that changes according to material of boundary and its experience of observer. The other property is to have uncertainty by compound of programs and material-mixing senses including its perception. This results means that the spacial boundary as interface which is represent our everyday life in the contemporary housing architecture.
A Study on the Housing Environment of Detached Housing Area and Resident's Consciousness as the Space for Children's Outdoor Activities in Daegu
Kim, Myo-Jung ; Ha, Jae-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 47~58
The purpose of this study is to provide the information about improvement method of the detached housing area for children's outdoor activities. This study was accomplished by two research methods; the evaluation of physical environment of two detached housing areas, and the analyzation of satisfaction & consciousness of 190 residents. Outdoor spaces of detached housing area were divided into 6 areas (play space, education facility, commercial facility, green space, street space, and empty space & parking lot). And then, 6 outdoor spaces were evaluated about the physical characters such as accessibility, network, safety, variety, functional, natural elements. Also, the survey for resident's satisfaction and consciousness was used the Likert scale. According to the result of this study, many parts of the detached housing area were not good for children's outdoor activities, and the resident's satisfaction was low. In the sample detached housing areas, negative factors were car and motorcycle. And many residents pointed out the lack of natural elements, variety, and safety of outdoor space in dwelling area. Finally, this study suggested the several constitution method for the children's activities based on the results of evaluation and survey.
A Study on the Transforming Characteristics of the Entrance of Privately-built Apartment housing in Daegu
Seo Hee-Sook ; Lee Sang-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 59~66
The purpose of this study was analyzing the Transforming Characteristics of the Entrance of Privately-built Apartment housing in Daegu from the 1970s to the 2000s. First of all, this study made an investigation into the general situation of Privately-built Apartment housing and the general idea of the Entrance. Through a field study, This study was analyzing change of an era of entrance of Apartment housing till quite recently existing in Daegu. The results are as the body III follows. Results of the research through change of an era is as follows. The change tendency is not to be big before 2003, but It has under gone change after 2003. Studies show that It is the care for the old and the weak, to take interest in natural lighting, to be going to change from passing the time of space to staying space and more space, to show interest in the preservation of public peace and design. So, The Entrance of Apartment housing has a bias towards more elegant. This research look forward to having an intention of furnishing preliminary data for a residence environment of high quality.
A Study on the Inter-Relationships between Physical Form and Density of Multi-Family Housing
Choi Moo-Hyun ; Choi Joo-Young ; Yang Jung-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 67~75
Multi-family housings caused several problems related to physical form such as isolation of housing estate, inhumanity of the exterior space, and mismatch with the urban structure. To handle these problems, the purpose of this study is to analyse density elements which have a direct impact on physical forms, thereby understand the characteristics of physical form and also identify a meaning of inter-relationships between them. Therefore both formal constituents and density elements are reformed into respective analyzing indices. From the analysis, physical form and the spatial layout of buildings were more uniform in large-scale housing estates than in medium or small housing estates. However, small-scale housing estates showed various form and the spatial layout of buildings in order to increase the building density.
A Study on the Better Development Plan of Housing Estates for National Rental Housing in Development Restricted Zones
Yoo Seong-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 77~84
Government uses some sections of intended areas of abolition in Development Restricted Zones(DRZ) to construct a million national rental houses. It has been opposed by environmental NGOs, local governments and land owners. Therefore, government carried out a questionnaire survey to make plans for the better development of housing estates for national rental houses in DRZ. The results of the survey are as follows: First, using abolished DRZ has to be kept to a minimum, though the continued construction of this kind of houses is inevitable. Second, it has to be designed using pro-environmental techniques. Third, the discussion between the interested groups was not enough. Fourth, residents were dissatisfied with the compensation package. The policies based on this research, are as follows: First, meetings for projects presentation and public hearings have to be held on a regular basis. In addition, the consultative council with residents, local NGOs, and local governments should be combined. Second, The plan should promote social integration through the mixing of rental and owner-occupied houses. Third, a compensation policy, which offers land or houses, and not only cash, needs to be introduced.
A Study on the Ecological Relation of Space and Human in the Kitchens of Korean Traditional Architecture
Lee Young-Mi ; Cheon Deuk-Youm ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 85~95
Though the kitchens of traditional residence architecture are recognized as having significant importance to houses themselves, to women who are supposed to do most of the housekeeping work, they are generally thought to be irrational space. This study tries to show through a demonstrative way that the kitchen space of traditional houses is the sensible and rational living space for the health's sake of all family members in the relations among humans, space and environment. Through this study, we were able to see that the architectural work of our ancestors in designing space had different views from those of the West in that our ancestors had sought the outcome taking the interrelations among environment-humans-space seriously in order to shape the physical organization for human beings.
A Study on Architectural Features and Current Status of Earth Housing
Kim Jeong-Gyu ; Jeong Joo-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 97~105
The purposes of this study are to find out the current status and features of earth housing, and to explore users' level of satisfaction and needs of improvement about earth housing. Primary findings are as follows: (1) The area of earth housing is generally 25-34 pyong and the construction cost of earth housing is usually 3,000,000-3,400,000 won per pyong. (2) The age of earth house users is generally forties, fifties, and sixties. And their occupation is usually retiree and farmer. The age of earth based pension users is generally twenties and thirties. (3) The construction method of earth housing is usually earth brick structure reinforced with wood structure and earth brick structure(adobe). (4) The finish of outer wall is generally earth brick laying and earth plaster. And the finish of inner wall is usually wall paper and earth plaster. Roof tile and asphalt shingle is frequently observed as roof finish. (5) Users' satisfaction about earth housing is investigated high level. Especially, the satisfaction degrees about faculty of humidity control, stink elimination, prevention from sick house syndrome, support for psychological stabilization and deep sleep are observed very highly. (6) Reduction of construction cost and prevention of crack is investigated as needs of improvement about earth housing.
Analysis of Weights for Design Concepts Considering Characteristics of Places
Ryoo Im-Woo ; Byun Chang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 107~115
It is the purpose of this study that propose method to estimate weights of decision-making for design concepts considering characteristics of places. In order to acquire these weights of concepts, the investigation with questionnaire by AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) is employed as a mean. Targets of this investigation was 63 respondents which were graduate students(21) and experts of design field(42). As a result, we could find differences between these weights of the relative concepts and know the differences in the weights of design concepts as characteristics of places were reflected. These weights of concepts will be take opinions about concept from design-related members into consideration. Therefore, In design process, the weights of design concepts will help for designer to verify the concepts in design initially, and finally be used by a criteria in decision-making. The Weights of decision-making for design concepts as a result of this study will be used as a guideline for the systematical and conceptual approach in design practice.
The Preference of Housing for the Elderly among the Middle-aged Households for Aging Society
Kim Mi-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 117~126
This study was conducted as a survey to find out middle-aged persons's housing preferences for a future elderly housing and to grasp background characteristics of persons influencing the preferences and the effect of elderly's aging situations on the changes of their preferences. A sample of 300 middle-aged people was selected purposely from parents of university students living in Gwang-ju city. Questionnaires were administered to parents by students and analysed with SPSS Windows 10 program. Middle-aged persons's housing preferences were differed according to elderly's aging situations, in the case of healthy situation, they tended to prefer to stay present house without their children in irrespective to couple or single, whereas in the case of unhealthy situation, they tended to prefer to live with their children. and couples showed preferences for planned housing for the elderly and singles showed preferences for elderly housing facilities with care services. The most important characteristics of elderly housing among middle-aged people was a places where they can enjoy leisure and provide home-help services, located in the suburbs. Also middle-aged persons were likely to prefer to a green spaces such as garden, path for walking, and madang for the elderly housing. Needs for community care services (NCCS) were required above the average. Among the items of NCCS, a visiting medical examination was the most demanding, and a visiting nursing services, a emergency calling bell, and home repairs were sequently followed in the level of needs. The characteristics of the elderly housing which preferred to and needs for community care services were influenced by middle-aged persons's age, gender, subjective evaluation of economic abilities, tenure status, the cost of living, and the size of housing. This findings suggests that it must to be considered to develop various types of the elderly housing depending on socioeconomic status.
Theoretical Overview of Housing Welfare and Future Policy Issues
Kim Young-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 127~134
The purposes of this study are to define 'housing welfare' which constitutes an important theme of discussion today and to present some future policy issues. Recently, the expression 'housing welfare' is widely used in our daily life and written in some laws, but its concept is still ambiguous. Housing welfare can be defined as 'the situation in which citizens gain access to a decent housing and adapt themselves well to the community life. In this context, the goals of housing welfare policy should be as follows: reduction of the number of households living below the minimum standard in housing, promotion of the right to housing, housing provision and management based on housing needs, linkage of housing and other welfare measures, realization of social integration and social justice. But, there are still some controversies on such questions as target group, moral hazard of beneficiaries, social equity, etc. To get all the policy alternatives more effective, efforts should be made to improve the general infrastructure of welfare policies, to prevent NIMBY phenomenon of local actors, and so on.
Opinions on 'Dagagu' Housing Purchase and Public Rental Housing Program by Public Officials and Professionals in the Area of Welfare
Kwon Oh-Jung ; Kim Mi-Hee ; Kim Young Joo ; Park Kyung-Nam ; Lee Ok Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 135~144
The purpose of this study was to identify the opinions on 'Dagagu' Housing Purchase and Public Rental Program by public officials and professionals in the area of social or housing welfare to suggest ideas for improvement of this program. Data were collected from 146 public officials and 108 professionals in the area of social or housing welfare. Respondents showed that the perception on this program was not high, especially respondents working in Seoul showed lower perception than respondents in other localities in spite of experience of pilot program executed in Seoul. Respondents also thought that this program will take an realistic role to improve housing welfare for urban poor. Other opinions to practice this program were also suggested.
A Study on Architectural Results and Specific Characters of according to an Agreement Method in Housing Complex Plan - Focused on the Bong Mu-dong Town House in Daegu
Lee Jeong-Ho ; Yoon Young Do ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 145~153
Making of agreement with participation subjects is important process laying stress on presentation and a reasonable design guide line to form space order grant and synthetic space in Housing Complex plan. This study analyzed residing application specific character of design guide line that is presented to architects in general planning laying stress on plan only of 'Bongmu-dong town house' and design agreement of by architectural result that appear analyze. Result that analyze is as following: 1) Confer in 18 plan contents and integrate design or was adjusted. Being main conduct and unit plan and residing only in plan many negotiations accomplish. Architect who confer most Designs of 5 architects is 'Jean Michel Wilmott' and 'Shigeru Ban' 2) contents that confer much in plan main conduct and unit generation were details plan. Contents that is conferred with many architects are about door/core/rooftop be and asked a question about proper size of entrance. Negotiation about size was expose to the tribe of knowledge about element that do furniture and detail of necessary each space in life style of our country. We must present furnitures or detail element that appear by emotion of our country and detailed item of furnitures' size etc.. in guide line. It is immediate that creation of guide that architects can approach easily for lacking abroad architects of interests by code difference in each country is pressing. 3) In residing plan 4 architects of 5 architects applied similarly guide line in design. Most architects look by active support that make synthetic housing complex. and this is construed that act positively to make by unified residing. That plan of woods or landscape architecture and security of green area space are thing to approach on 'Environment-friendly mode of life residing only' that is general planning subject of 'Bongmu-dong town house'. 4) common question items of architects guide line of though is refered definitely when make out effective interests plan. So that can overcome legislation difference, countermeasure to make understood construction code of our country is pressing
Attitudes Toward Work and Leisure in Later Life and Intention to Move to Senior Community Available Work Among the Middle Aged
Cho Mi-Young ; Cho Jae-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 155~164
The purpose of this research was to find out attitudes toward work and leisure in later life and intention to move to senior community available to work among 50's in Pusan, Daegu, and Daejeon. The survey had been conducted in 414 respondents with questionnaire during May to June, 2003. Frequency, Crosstabs, T-test and ANOVA were obtained from the collected data using SPSS/WIN program. The results of this study were as follows. First, most respondents were preparing toward work in later life somewhat actively and the level of preparation differed by individual characteristics. Those who have higher level of education and subjective economic power were more active. The most preferred work item in later life were raising animals and plants, managing institution and training center and running shop. Those who have higher level of education and asset preferred managing institution and training center. Second, nearly three fourths of middle-aged have chosen leisure activities in consideration of later life and two thirds were preparing economically for leisure in later life. They have strong intention to participate in the leisure activity in later life and they also wanted to take part in various kinds of leisure activities. Those who have higher levels of education, subjective economic power, health and asset were more active in preparing leisure in later life. Third, over two thirds preferred to live and work in later life together with others rather than to live and work alone. Nearly half had intention to move to the senior community where work was available. The intention to move were differed by attitudes to work and leisure in later life. Those who were active in work and leisure in later life presented higher intention to move to senior community available work.
Survey on the Dimension of the Bathroom Equipment for the Korean Elderly
Ju Seo-Ryeung ; Lee Ji-Ye ; Kim Min-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 165~176
In the design guideline about the existing elderly housing, the equipment related to bathroom are the most important in the secure and functional aspect. On the other hand, the present elderly housing is being designed according to foreign design guideline or common housing form instead of reflecting living and physical qualities of the Korean elderly. Therefore, in this study based on the guideline of the existing literature, we made Mockup furnished with the equipments of bathroom and conducted an experiment in finding proper position and height for Korean elderly enough to use the bathroom conveniently and independently. The equipments of bathroom consist of different height wash bowls, toilet stools, grab bars, and a bathtub. As a result, suitable height of wash bowl is 760 mm
. We can realized that elderly feel comfortable to grab perpendicular bars of toilet stools more than horizontal ones. So it is necessary for elderly to grip perpendicular of grab bars added to prevention slipping and made shape easy to hold. Most of elderly told us that 500 mm of the bathtub setting is suitable. But many other people feel high. So height of the bathtub must be established lower than 500 mm for safety in the bathroom and for convenience.